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The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 67 

Elgin, 111., January 5, 1918 

No. 1 

In This Number 

in.*!!- in Days of Sorrow 

Ph. D., 
■ _■■ :■■■■■. i Singing, By ' 
.....i,l Table,— 
,o New Dawn (Poem) 

"Big Brother.-' By Mrs. H. M. Sell 

The Art of Silence 

The Compelling Power of Prayer. By Daisy M. Moore, 
Her Choice. By Cecil Hayes, 

nnttylvnnla Churches, lly John It. Sny 
; South as Seen by a Southerner. By A. M. 
ind Family;, — 


" In the Midst of the Years " 

It is a wonderful year that lias just gone into the 
irrevocable past. How wonderful,- it is too soon to tell. 
To do this correctly will require the perspective of 
many years to come. But more urgent matters lie to 
our hand just now. The year which we are entering 
is sure to be another wonderful one, and our present 
interest is in that. Like a certain ancient prophet we 
are standing " in the midst of the years " and, like him, 
are more concerned about the future than the past. 

Habakkuk did, indeed, devote some time to signifi- 
cant reminiscences, but this was only for the purpose 
of gathering strength to meet the hard conditions he 
was facing. The real burden of his heart is seen in 
the prayer: " O Jehovah, revive thy work in the midst 
of the years." That " work " he recalled in the beau- 
tiful lines beginning: 

" God came from Teman, 
And the Holy One from Mount Paran. 
His glory covered the heavens, 
And the earth was full of his praise." 
That "work" he longed to see revived. The 
" praise " of Jehovah, just then driven into hiding, he 
wanted to see fill the earth again. And there was no 
wavering in his faith that the years ahead would be 
as glorious as the ancient ones had been. See with 
what a high note of confidence his prayer concluded: 
"Jehovah, the Lord, is my strength; 
And he niaketh my feet like hinds' feet, 
And will make me to walk upon my high places." 

Can we face the future with a finer spirit? Or a 
better wish than that in 1918 there may be a great re- 
vival of Jehovah's work? Or a nobler purpose than, 
by more complete abandonment to the higher things, 
to turn the wish into a fact? 

Men of Like Passions 

The treatment Paul and Barnabas received at Lys- 
tra, illustrates a very common human tendency. Why 
is it that we can not look upon our fellow-men for 
what they really are, that we must make either gods 
or devils out of them? 

Let a man do a noble deed, let him show that God is 
using him as an efficient servant, and we are ready to 
get down on our knees before him. But let him give 

some evidence of being exceedingly human, like our- 
selves, lei him make a mistake; and ho« soon we are 
ready a trample him under our feet. We usually 
overdo the thing, whether in praise or in blame, ^s 
the years go on, (ieorge Washington becomes more of 
a saint and Benedict Arnold more of a scoundrel. 
With reference tc. our brethren, in particular, let us 
learn to appreciate without worshiping and to disap 
prove with charity. 

Gathering Strength in Days of Sorrow 

There was a paragraph in a recent Sunday school 
lesson peculiarly pertinent to these days in which so 
many things are happening to start our tears. On 
that memorable day when Ezra and his helpers read 
and explained the law to the people, it is said the peo 
pie wept. Did the reading tend to freshen up their 
memories of all the tragedy the nation had gone 
through since the ancient glory had been destroyed? 
And did it make them sadly wonder whether the future 
could ever be so glorious as the past had been? And 
did it, worst, of all, prick their consciences with con- 
viction of wrongs committed unci duties left undone? 
Small wonder that they wept. 

But listen now to the counsel of Nehemiah and his 
brethren: " Mourn not, nor weep. . . . Go your way, 
eat the. fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions 
unto him for whom nothing is prepared ; for this day 
is holy unto our Lord: neither be ye grieved; for the 
joy of Jehovah is your strength." 

Do you note the kindly gentleness in that reproof? 
It ran hardly be called reproof at all.. The people 
could tint be blamed for weeping, some. I low could 
they help it } And yet they tnusl not weep too much. 
It was time t„ cease. TheTe were more important 
things tn do. They must " scud portions unto him for 
win, in nothing is prepared," And, most significant of 
all, they will need strength for the lasks before them. 
\nd thai is to lie found in " the joy of Jehovah." 

How intensely practical this is for us,— for all of 
us who must do our work even while we carry some 
load oi personal sorrow. Weep? Yes, sometimes. II 
will relieve our burdened spirits, Bui this must no! 
I" i"" Irequent, nor loo prolonged. There is ton much 
work to do. There are too many people " for whom 
nothing is prepared." We must send portions to them. 
We must conserve and gather strength for our tasks 
of spiritual ministration. And this we can not do with 
too much weeping. Brace up. Eal and drink. Make 
merry and lie glad. Smile and go to work again. "The 
JOJ "I Mini ah is your strength." 

Where the Highest Revelation Is and Why 

I in m is a revelation of God in nature which we 
are often loo blind to see. But the highest knowledge 
of God could mil lie disclosed in the world of nature, 
For this God must enter into human history. This he 
did in the life of ancienl Israel and, mosl of all, in the 
life of Jesus Christ. Hence we find here Hod's crown- 
ing revelation of himself to mankind- 

Missions in War Times 

That our beloved country is involved in the world 
war, that war is actually upon us, is a fact that every 
sober-minded man keenly feels and sincerely regrets. 
The nation shudders with a sense of horror. The 
whole world, in fact, is engulfed in sorrow anil draped 
in the habiliments of mourning. It is the time of 
weeping, when the nations refuse to be comforted, 
because their sons are not. It is the hour of supreme 
distress, for life,— God's highest gift and man's great- 
est trust, — is sacrificed like water. 

This unprecedented world calamity is father to a 
state of mind, such as seldom develops, if ever. It is 
a question whether the mind of the world was ever so 
unsettled. The wisest know not what to think of the 
present, nor what to expect of the future. Purposes, 
matured under conditions of peace, are surrendered, 
and ideals cherished, when hope promised their reali- 
zation, are sacrificed to the demoralizing uncertainty of 
war. Anchorage is broken, and the whole world is 
set adrift to the wail of destruction and death. The 
nations know not what, only that they are in the great- 
est war of the world's history, moving in strife toward 
a bloody end, and they know not what a day will bring 
forth. Such is war! 

Of this unsettled condition the church is a partaker; 
not the largest partaker, but a partaker, and the result 
of it is much to the. disadvantage of her work. Under 
such stress, attention is diverted, effort is misapplied, 
purpose is miscarried. 

In this time of world-wide distress, there are so 
many calls for help, and many of them, if not all, arc 
deserving. And many of them are present, temporal 
needs, — needs that appeal through the eyes and .cars, 
and if supplied, it must be done at once or never. The 
cry of the starving millions rends the air. Many of 
these are innocent, helpless women and children who 
have become unfortunate victims of rage which they 
had no hand in provoking. The blood of the dying 

and the groans of the wounded arc in our eyes and 

The Red Cross Society has undertaken the task of 
relieving this distress, lis plans and resources are on 
a gigantic scale. It commands thousands of workers 
and millions of dollars, and is railing for more. And 
who is not ready to respond? The Y. M. ('. A. has 
undertaken the more serious task of meeting the moral 
and spiritual needs of the situation. It, too, is calling 
for men mid money, and is Succeeding in both in a big 
way. Why shouldn't it ? Who is little enough to with- 
hold his support? Besides, while these Iwo societies 
are nol a corporate part of tin? army, the Government 
has recognized each in its particular field of service 
and nivcs (o each unrestricted opportunity. In addi- 
tion to these large societies, many of Hie churches 
have organized for relief work of many kinds. 

Our people have the heart to give liberally to re- 
lie!" work; in facl, they are already contributing, Ii is 
right thai they should. And we have not yet done our 
best, We have not yet done our full duty. The con- 
ditions demand liberality, such as we have not known 
in the past. 

Hut the monetary needs growing out of the war 
must not be allowed to detract attention from our mis- 
sion work. There are many reasons why wc should 
support our missions more liberally than ever. I can 
mention only a few of them: 

1. The demoralizing influences of the war reach all 
lands. They affect the mission fields of the world. 
They must be overcome. Peace must be established, 
and the spirit of peace must be instilled in the minds 
of the people. The task is bigger and more difficult to 
accomplish, More workers and more money are need- 
ed. This is a general proposition and applies to all 

2. We have successful missions in India and Giina. 
They are growing; their needs multiply us they grow, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 

both for men and money. They must be met. This 
is no time to retract. Retraction would be fata!. To 
hold our territory in both fields and develop it, we 
must continue to grow. Both missions arc fully bom; 
in fact, they arc good-sized infants; not more. But 
the growth already made and the promises of the fu- 
ture challenge the liberality of every member of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

3. Fifteen new workers have been sent to India and 
China this year, ai the approval of Conference, which 
will add considerably to the budget of expense, and 
which was a step by faith. The books of the General 
Mission Hoard had just been closed for the preceding 
year with a deficit of a few hundred dollars, but the 
Board believed the body it serves would furnish the 
money. The Board believed thai God would, in some 
way, make plain to us our duty. H was not believed 
that the church would authorize the sending of work- 
ers abroad, and then fail to support them, nor is it 
believed now. 

4. War conditions affect prices in India and China 
as well as in other lands. It costs more to live now, 
although, let it be said to the credit of our mission- 
aries, they have up to the present gotten along with 
their former support, and they are making every edge 
Cut, in order to squeeze through, Realizing the needs 
Of their fields, they sacrifice and plan to make every 
dollar do the work of a big dollar. Their conditions of 
living do not compare favorably with the abundance, 
even luxury, of the people they represent. 

5. With war come war prices. Big prices for every 
thing. Much money. Banks are oversowing. The 
like never was known. In Other words, we have the 
money to do great things lor God. We are able, as 
never before, to give liberally to our mission work. 
We can do much in a financial way to relieve distress 
resulting from Ihe war, and still do much more than 
ever before for missions, We ought to give because 
we have it to give. Are there those who would keep 
all they have and add all they can at war prices? Is 
there a man or woman among us, with his or her name 
on the church roll, who would enlarge his holdings at 
the cosl of another's blood? The Lord have mercy, 
and give light and repentance! 

6. Money has value only as it contributes to the ac- 
complishment of right ends. Of itself it is without 
value. The Government, for instance, believes that its 
contention in the war is right. See how it sacrifices 
money to its cause. Appropriations authorized by 
Congress have never been duplicated by any nation in 
the history of the world. The Government believes 
in its cause. It means to win. Are the children of 
this world wiser in their generation than the children 
of light? Do we not believe in the cause of winning 
the world to Christ? Then, why not give as we have 
means to give? 

Israel, under the Law, gave a tenth of their gross 
income for one purpose, to say nothing of other things. 
Altogether they gave probably one-fourth or one-third 
of their gross income tor the support of their religion. 
They lived under the Law. Remember this. The Law 
was hut the shadow of the Gospel Age. If the people 
gave to this extent, by requirement, by law, in the 
days of the shadow, what ought to be expected in the 
davs of the substance? Now we are placed upon our 
honor, with the requirements of the past before us, to 
give as we are prospered, and how does it work out? 
If our spiritual advancement is to be measured by our 
giving, we ought yet to be back under the Law, for we 
have not outgrown the need of requirement by law. I 
have always been opposed to the rule of the tenth, be- 
. ause 1 considered it not good enough, not big enough. 
Certainly, the Gospel means more than the Law. But 
if we were all back under the Law and the tithe, what 
would that mean for the church? Something would 
happen. That's certain. Do we feel a bit. ashamed 
that we are so far behind the Gospel measure? Do 
we pledge ourselves now and here to do better? God 
help us! _ H. r. e. 

Classes in Fundamentals 

Our people are bringing out some splendid Sun- 
day-school literature, and if the good work of mak- 
ing books continues a decade or two. the time may, 

by the future historian, be referred to-as the " book 
period " among the Brethren. Starting with Peter 
Mead's book, "Nead's Theological Work," one 
might prepare an interesting chapter on the history 
of l».».>k-making by our people. With possibly one 
or two exceptions, we have copies of all these books 
in our collection, and it has, at times, been a pleas- 
ure to look them over and study, with interest, the 
character of the different works, and compare them 
in merit. But this is not what we started out to say. 

Just now we have before us "Training the Sun- 
day-school Teacher," Book Two, by Brethren E. B. 
Iloff, M. W. Emmert and Ezra Flory. This is cer- 
tainly a valuable addition to our Sunday-school lit- 
erature, and if the Sunday-school workers among us 
can be made to understand the importance of fully 
equipping themselves for the duties falling to their 
lot, they will see to it that this little volume finds its 
way into thousands of families in the Brotherhood. 
We liked Book One, but like this one a great deal 
better. It will fill a place in our Sunday-school 
work that no one has heretofore attempted to sup- 
ply. This is especially true of the doctrinal depart- 
ment of the work. 

Taking the book as a whole, we have lessons on 
the devotional life as well as on Bible maps, pre- 
ceded by chapters that deal largely with doctrinal 
questions. Here most of the doctrines peculiar to 
the Church of the Brethren are treated in a brief, 
but a clear manner, bringing the subject matter 
right home to the clas.s of members needing instruc- 
tions along that line. It is introducing the doctrine 
right into the Sunday-school work, and making it a 
part of our Sunday-school curriculum. If we would 
keep our people thoroughly indoctrinated, we must 
see to it that the doctrine is carefully taught in the 
Sunday-school, as well as from the pulpit. 

In every Sunday-school, as near as possible, there 
should be an Advanced Biblical Class, giving its 
time, for a year or two, to the study of religious fun- 
damentals. For a class of this sort Book Two would 
answer a splendid purpose until something more 
comprehensive can be prepared. Give the class a 
well-informed teacher, with this course of study, 
and a foundation will be laid not easily shaken. 

This leads us to say that either Bro. Hoff, or some 
other well-informed brother, should be encouraged 
to prepare more extended lessons on New Testa- 
ment Doctrines, and Biblical Fundamentals gener- 
ally, and adapt the lessons to a systematic course of 
study. We were urged to do this when our book on 
doctrines was in course of preparation, but we told 
those approaching us on the subject that a book of that 
class must be left for a schoolman to prepare. All 
we had in view was a treatise for general reading. 
While " Training the Sunday-school Teacher," Book 
Two, is the best work for study along doctrinal 
lines, still space did not permit the treating of subjects 
with sufficient thoroughness for a regular course of 
study. Hence the necessity of another book, planned 
and prepared for the specific purpose desired. 

With a book of this sort, ready for use, a class in 
some, and, if practicable, all of our schools, should 
be formed for the study of fundamentals. Then a 
correspondence department should be conducted for 
the benefit of those who are. not prepared to attend 
any of our schools.' The course of study should be 
so planned that the work of the students can be ex- 
amined and passed on, and credit given for the work 
done. Classes might be conducted in all parts of 
the Brotherhood, and, if wisely managed, we might 
soon have the best indoctrinated, and the best in- 
formed body of members, in fundamentals, to be 
found in the land. 

It would be one way of making the best of our 
claims, and would probably do more in the way of 
unifying our pulpit than anything that could be 
introduced. When we look at the subject, it is 
simply a marvel how our ministers have, through 
books, tracts, papers, magazines arid lectures, 
reached out in ever)' direction for the data with 
which to build up the framework of fundamentals. 
Instead of relying mainly on writers of our own for 
material, and the lines by which to operate, they 
have resorted to the works -of others. And the 

sources from which data have been gathered, have 
been diversified almost beyond comprehension. Just 
how a religious body of people could have been 
made so compact with such a diversity of training, 
respecting the selecting of fundamentals, almost 
borders on mystery. 

But it can not be thus always, and that is why we 
are urging the importance of making a specialty of 
our doctrines in some systematic manner. While 
the unity in doctrine seems almost perfect, on the 
surface, still there is a quiet disintegration that is 
alarming to not a few thinkers who have, with more 
than ordinary care, been studying the conditions. 
And in order to reinforce our plea, and remove oc- 
casion for further disintegration, we can not afford 
long to delay the steps that are being urged in this 

But we should not think of waiting for another 
book. The present one is ample for the first course, 
and classes should be formed with.out delay, while 
the machinery should be set in motion for the cor- 
respondence department. J. H. M. 

A Central Service Committee 

It is now very clear that if our young men are to 
be uniformly treated as provided for in the Federal 
laws, there must be a Central Service Committee at 
Washington. District Camp Visiting Committees are 
able to give spiritual comfort, but find that when some- 
thing more must be attended to readjustments must 
come from the top down. 

The church needs to recognize the fact of centrali- 
zation in the National Government and adjust itself ac- 
cordingly. This is just where a Central Service Com- 
mittee would come in to good advantage. Preferably 
tins committee should have its headquarters at Wash- 
ington, in order that it could be in the closest touch 
with those in the highest authority. In personnel the 
committee should be made up of the most capable and 
experienced persons possible. The expenses and full 
compensation of this committee should be provided for 
by the Brotherhood, in order that the men composing 
it might give their full time and strength to the work. 

A Central Service Committee for the Church of the 
Brethren, when properly located and paid, could at- 
tend to the following important matters: 

1. The committee should organize a bureau of in- 
formation for the convenience of parents, friends and 
men in difficulty. 

2. In cases where conditions needed to be brought 
to the attention of the Government, the Central 
Service Committee could collect and present the 
necessary data. It would seem that cases might 
easily be classified and grouped for expeditious 
handling. This would not only be more satisfac- 
tory to the men in difficulty but would doubtless be 
approved by the Government. 

3. The committee should preserve a complete 
record of all data coming into its hands. With this 
on file it could prepare, as the last part of its work, 
a complete report of the relation of the church to 
the Government and to the great war. 

4. The Central Service Committee would be in a 
position to cooperate with similar representatives 
from other religious bodies. 

5. If any special war relief work should be under- 
taken, the Central Service Committee could arrange 
with the Government for it; and, finally, as a special 
department of its work, the committee could ad- 
minister the same. 

These paragraphs are not written in disparage- 
ment of the good work that is being done by the 
Camp Visiting Committees. In fact, these com- 
mittees would be vitally essential to the work of the 
Central Service Committee in the capacity of local 
representatives. Yet one can not help but see that 
it is the Brethren who get to Washington who are 
able to get in touch with the highest authorities. 

This plan for a Central Service Committee is, 
therefore, simply a contribution looking toward a 
more efficient and businesslike handling of a very 
complicated and important relation, — the relation 
between the Church and the Government in war 
times. h. a. b. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 



Beginning Again 

Sclwtwl by Agnes M. Geib, Uanhelm, Pa. 
When sometimes our feet grow weary 

On the rugged hills of life. 
The path stretching long and dreary 

With trial and lahor rife — 
We pause on the toilsome journey, 

Glancing backward to the glen, 
And sigh with infinite longing, 

To return and begin again. 
For behind is the dew of the morning, 

In all its freshness and light. 
And before our doubts and shadows 

And the chill and gloom of the night. 
We remember the sunny places 

We passed so carelessly then 
And :isk with a passionate longing, 

To return and begin again. 
Ahl vain, indeed, is the asking! 

Life's duties press all of us on, 
And who dare shrink from the labor 

Or sigh for the sunshine that's gone? 
And it may be not far on before us 

Wait fairer places than then- 
Life's paths may yet lead by still watei 

Though we may not begin again. 



Be our paths on the hills of life, 
And soon will a radiant dawning 

Transfigure the toil and the strife. 
And the hand of our Father will lead us 

Tenderly upward then. 
In the joy and peace of a fairer world 

He'll let us begin again. 

—Author Unkn 

Moral and Spiritual Help for Our Drafted 
Young Men 


This is truly a world war. The larger per cent of 
the nations are directly involved and the remainder 
are affected indirectly. In this war over 40,000,000 
men are engaged. In no previous war have there been 
more than 4,500,000 or 5,000,000 men engaged. This 
present war costs no less than $130,000,000 daily. 
This stupendous sum is spent in a material way. It 
is my intention to call our attenion to what is being 
done that in part, at least, may be money spent for 
the moral and spiritual welfare of those engaged. 

Our young men are being called. They are making 
the -greatest sacrifice. We ought to be willing to do 
our part. It is our greatest- desire that our young 
men may remain pure. If they are permitted to return 
to their homes, may they return clean, and with high 
ideals of service. 

The Red Cross is doing a very noble work. We may 
not be able to approve of everything it does, but in a 
large measure we feel that the movement is worthy. 
First, they aim to alleviate the suffering of the wound- 
ed and sick. Second, they aim to make life more 
pleasant for the boys who have been deprived of many 
of their home comforts, by furnishing them extra 
clothing and some extra eatables. Third, they aim 
through this sympathy and interest, to appeal to their 
manhood, and desire to help them spiritually. Dur- 
ing the summer months there was a campaign on to 
raise $100,000,000. It resulted in $120,000,000 being 
raised. The call will no doubt soon come for more. 

The Y. M. C A. is the one great organization whose 
aim it is to help the Protestant young men. The 
Knights of Columbus is an organization that is doing 
similar work for the young men of the Roman Catholic 
church. I am sure there is no place in the Canton- 
ments, here in the United States or in France, to which 
our boys are first sent, where they feel more welcome 
than at the Y. M. C, A. building. The secretaries ar- 
range for Sunday-school and church. In some camps, 
I am informed, the men in training must attend Sun- 
day-school and church in the forenoon. They have 
reading-rooms with the best magazines and periodicals. 
They also have a long table with paper, ink, and pens, 
and they remind the young men not to forget the 
loved ones at home. They have graphophones, vic- 
trolas and moving pictures. They also organize quar- 
tets, choruses and an orchestra, where there are those 

who are interested in music. In fact, they are doing 
their very best to make it homelike for the young 
men, and to have them remember and retain the high 
ideals, that have been instilled into their minds, back 
at their homes or in their home churches and Sunday- 
schools. Their work is also extending to the trenches, 
and amidst the most severe danger. The V. M. C„ A. 
of the United States is not only attempting to do such 
service for our own boys, but also for the boys of 
France, Russia, Italy and a number of smaller coun- 
tries. The number to he served, between now and 
April 1, will be 24,000,000 men. Up to this time, 
$10,000,000 has been raised and at the present there is 
a campaign on to raise $35,000,000. It takes large 
sums of money to do the work the Y. M. C. A. is doing 
on such a large scale. 

The Pocket Testament League is another very 
worthy organization. Such men as Chas. E. Davis, 
Chas. M. Alexander and Philip E, Howard are giving 
their time and prayer to this work. They go into the 
Camps and make a plea to the young men to take a 
Testament, with the promise that they will cany it in 
their vest pocket and will read it every day. Hun- 
dreds and thousands of the young men are taking the 
Testaments and signing the card that obligates them to 
carry and read it. They go a step farther and make a 
plea to get the young men to accept Jesus Christ as 
their personal Savior. They succeed in having some 
fine revivals and scores of young men are won to 
Christ. These Testaments cost thirty cents each and 
they need more than they have money to buy. 

We want to serve our country. We want to do 
something for our young men who must leave home 
and friends. It seems to me that we can do nothing 
better than to support the work of these organizations 
by our prayers nnd means, so that our young men, 
thrown amidst vile temptations, may be saved for 
Christ and the church. 
Johnstown, Pa. 

Wise and Foolish 


How many fools do you know? How many of the 
educated men around you have moved out of the fool 
class, and how many of them have moved in to stay? 
How many of the leaders of your community arc real- 
ly living wisely? 

Now some more questions : How many men does it 
take to make a foolish thing wise? If a certain way of 
living is unwise, unsafe, and wrong, how many people 
of education, refinement, influence, and general prom- 
inence, must follow that way to make it wise, safe, and 
right? If you think these are foolish questions, just 
answer this one, after you have thought about it a lit- 
tle : Do you feel safe in following a certain course 
when you see most of the intelligent, educated, re- 
fined, and influential people around you, going that 
way? Does it ever shake your faith in the way you 
yourself are traveling, to find yourself in the company 
only of the poor, the uneducated, and uncultured? If 
you say " yes " to these questions, you had better read 
what follows. 

' I wish you would read, right here, the twelfth chap- 
ter of Luke. Read the whole chapter carefully. You 
will understand better what I am trying to say. Je- 
sus was talking to his disciples in the presence of a 
multitude. I think he was preparing them for apostlc- 
" ship. The first twelve verses record his discourse 
without interruption, — much condensed, of course, in 
the record. Then comes an interruption from a man 
in the crowd. Jesus answers the man and seems to 
leave his former line of thought temporarily, but soon 
swings back to his task of preparing his disciples for 
their great ministry, using the interruption most skill- 
fully as a point of departure for a special line of teach- 
ing that all disciples need. At the same time he gives 
the interrupter just what he needs at the time. It is a 
wonderfully fine bit of pedagogy, to say nothing of its 
doctrinal value. Don't leave the chapter until you get 
it all. 

Let us notice the interruption first (verse 13) : "And 
one out of the multitude said unto him, Teacher, hid 
my brother divide the inheritance with me." Evi- 
dently his father had died and he could not get from 
his brother what he thought was his. His claims may 

have been just, — we do not know. To get the matter 
settled aright, required some one with both wisdom 
and authority, to Uike hold of the affair and to effect 
a settlement. Evidently the man thought Jesus could 
do it. and called on him for help. You know the world 
is full of just such cases as that. It is interesting to see 
what tin- Lord said and did. 

Hut he said unto him, Man. who made me a judge 
or a divider over you? " That, is all he said to him, as 
far as we know. Isn't it rather disappointing? Don't 
you think he ought to have settled the matter without 

Haven't you heard people say that Christians, and 
even ministers, ought to occupy Covermuental posi- 
tions so that they could dispense justice and curb the 
evil-minded? Are they not the very people to do it, — 
conscientious, honest, impartial, just, ami courageous? 
Would not that make the world infinitely better? Why 
did the Lord not see the opportunity and seize it? Was 
he not born to be a King? 

Let us look again. Did Jesus really do the best he 
could for the man? What was best? Think a little. If 
you had the smallpox, would you have your doctor 

heal the sores mi your face, Or tile disease whieh 

caused the sores? If you had consumption, with a 
hard cough, should lie treat you for a cough, or for 
tuberculosis? When Jesus treated a sick man, phys- 
ical or spiritual, he treated tin- disease,— not its symp- 
toms. Whal was the inuiter with tins man? We can 
tell what Jesus thought by reading the next verse: 
" And he said unto them, Take heed and keep your- 
selves from all covetousness : for a man's life consist- 
ed! not in the abundance of the things which he pos- 
sessed!." Jesus thought he had n bad case of covetous- 
ness. Whal reason had lie for thinking so? Just look 
al the situation. 

Jesus had been speaking powerfully and persuasive- 
ly to his disciples on a most Important subject. First 
he warned them against hypocrisy and the tear of 
men. lie made a most powerful appeal for full faith 
in (iod's care over them and for a full, free and open 
confession of himself before men, inspiring them with 
his promise to toilless them before the angels of heav- 
en, lie assures them that the Holy Spirit should 
qualify them for every occasion. All the elements of 
a great oration were there, — the orator, the audience, 
and the occasion. I wish I had the whole speech be- 
fore me, with a vision of Ids voice, u''M<m' s . manner, 
and expression of countenance. What a noble picture 
he must have presented, with creel, manly bearing, 
kindling eye, expressive mouth, glowing countenance, 
strong, vibranl tones, clear, forcible sentences, and the 
whole atmosphere electric with his marvelous person 
ality. Truly, "never man so spake." How every open 
heart and every free spirit must have thrilled with the 
very glory of the career he opened before them. 

How about the man that interrupted him? (an you 
see his face'' Is he responding to the appeal? If he 
had done so, could he have interrupted him? Can't 
you see how hard and fast his love of money was hold- 
ing him, that the only thing he could think of when he 
heard that, marvelous appeal, was: " Wen- is the man 
to get my money for me." And he broke right in,— 
where an angel would have kept silent, — and demand- 
ed justice! Now do you know what was the matter 
with the man? Ho you think the Lord was unneces- 
sarily brusque with him? Don't you feel decidedly 
out of patience with such a man? 

I suppose some of our evangelists can tell you how 
if feels to have their best work broken into by disputes 
about money matters between members in the congre- 
gation where they are working, so that they have to 
stop their work of soul-saving, in order to settle these 

I don't think Jesus was brusque with him. I don't 
know just what tone was in his voice when he an- 
swered, but I am sure it was not unnecessarily severe, 
and I want you to notice how the discourse, which fol- 
lows, met the real need of the interrupter. The man 
had covetousness; there is no doubt about it. It would 
not really help him to get this dispute settled. The 
only thing that would help him was to cure his covet- 
ousness. The address which follows will probably 
cure any case that can be cured. If you don't believe 
it, try it,— on yourself. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 

What a discourse that was ! How completely he 
covers the ground, meeting every conceivable argu- 
ment for laying up treasure on earth, and utterly de- 
stroying it. If Jesus was right in that, and if I could 
not believe his teaching there, I could not believe him 
anywhere. The great majority of educated, refined, 
influential, and prominent people, together with most 
of the rest of us, are wj-ong, unwise, and utterly fool- 
ish in their course in life. It is Jesus against them, — 
simply Jesus alone, with a meager sprinkling of poor 
folks, most of them without much education (but 
some of them princes among men of intellect). Is 
wisdom with the large number, or the small? Think 
il over! 

1210 Twenty-fifth Ave., North, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Help in Sorrow 


\\ hen the world is so filled with sorrow, one nat- 
urally longs for some adequate explanation for it. Two 
methods I should like to suggest. One may find in loss 
a cause to match. Or, again, one may " find in loss a 
gain to match." 

The disciples asked concerning the blind man: 
" Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that 
he was born blind?" Jesus answered: "Neither did 
this man sin, nor his parents: but that the works of 
God should be made manifest in him." 

The disciples sought in his loss a cause to match. 
Jesus would divert their minds from that thought. He 
would have them see in his loss a gain to match. Could 
Jesus ever have had a chance to correct the same er- 
ror in you? 

Suppose you are sorrow-laden. One comes to you. 
He finds in your past life some great offence. He 
holds that up to you as the explanation of youi-suffer- 
ing. Another points out some great gain that shall 
come to you and others from your loss. Which anti- 
dote will you choose for your sorrow? 

The one method looks back on the past ; the other 
On the future. The one is the method of the disciples; 
the other is the method of Jesus. The one is the 
method of the judge; the other is the method of the 
Father. The one looks for a past crime; the other 
for a future good. One is destructive, the other is 

In considering your own or some others' sorrow, use 
the fatherly method of Jesus, looking in a constructive 
way for the future good. It is always present. Would 
not you rather think of it than of the past offence for 
which you suffer? 

Since, out of the greatest crime of history, God 
brought the salvation of the world, don't you think 
he'll cause good to issue from your present pain and 
suffering? I know he will. 

1233 Hasl Fiftieth Street, Los Angeles, Cal. 

A Plea to the Drafted 


We, as Christians, who have been called by God to 
teach and practice the Gospel of peace on earth and 
good-will towards men, can not willingly enter into 
anything that would help war in any way (Matt. 26: 
52a). We will only contribute to war when we can 
not help ourselves (Rom. 12: 17, 18). as frofti neces- 
sity of circumstances.— such as buying our daily bread 
at the high war prices ; or when forced by the Govern- 
ment (Rom? 13: 1) to pay war taxes or buy revenue 
stamps, or to go to the Training Camps to enter non- 
combatant service. The Government can take our 
money and property from us, but we dare not give 
our services in any way that will help war, except 
when forced to, and only then in the things in which 
we can work with a good motive (Titus 3: 1 ; 1 Cor. 
10: 31). 

It seems to me that perhaps the most important 
thing we can do, who are drafted, is to pray that the 
choice be left with us, where we feel we can serve 
God and our fellow-man best. But if the Government 
steps in, it becomes a question that each of us must 
finally decide between ourselves and God, as to just 
where we will draw the line, and in what service we 
can enter with a right motive and clear conscience be- 

fore our God. And so, my brother, we can not an- 
swer this question for each other, but God will give to 
each of us the answer if we ask him (John 14: 26). 

Whatever happens, we must not do evil. God com- 
mands us to obey the Government (Rom. 13: 1 ; Titus 
3: 1). The Government is in authority over us, but 
Go# is also, and he is the Supreme Commander both 
over man and Government. God never gives a Gov- 
ernment the right to command a man to disobey any 
of his laws. But if our Government should dare, — as 
many have in the past, — to do so, what must we do? 
" We must obey God rather than men," — just as Christ 
always did, and as the apostles did (Acts 5: 29), and 
as thousands have done, Who, in the face of Govern- 
ment, have stood true to their God, even to a martyr's 

At the beginning God made man with a life after his 
own likeness, and pronounced it too sacred for man to 
destroy at his own will. " Whoso sheddeth man's 
blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image 
of God made he man " (Gen. 9:6); and, " Thou shalt 
not kill " (Ex. 20: 13). These texts can not, however, 
be so construed as to prohibit war under certain cir- 
cumstances, for in a number of cases God's people 
were definitely directed to exterminate a certain class 
of people,, and in these cases were necessarily cleared 
from guilt (Num. 25: 16-18; Joshua 6 : 21; etc.). 

But this can give no license for war in our day, liv- 
ing, as we are, in the light of the Gospel of love and 
peace. And God did not have to take this way to pro- 
tect his people. His mighty Hand delivered them out 
of Egypt. Hezekiah prayed and the angel in the same 
night destroyed 185,000 of the Assyrians (2 Kings 
19: 35). The eyes of Elisha's servant were opened 
and he saw the mountain full of horses and chariots 
for their protection (2 Kings 6: 14-18). Jesus said: 
" Put up ngain thy sword. . . . Thinkest thou that I 
can not beseech my Father, and he shall even now send 
me more than twelve legions of angels" (Matt. 26: 
52. 53)? Daniel was safe in the lions' den, and the 
Hebrew children in the fiery furnace. God is just as 
willing to save the United States from Germany as he 
was to save Israel from Assyria. " The angel of the 
Lord encampeth round about them that fear him, and 
"delivereth (hem " (Psa. 34: 7). Never did God fail 
any nation or individual when they trusted and obeyed 
him. As he saw fit, he saved them, or sometimes he 
allowed them to serve him by dying as martyrs for the 

If God is willing to protect and provide, do we need 
a sword? Christ has directed us both in word and 
example not to use the sioord. He wants us to use 
better weapons. He says : " Put up again thy sword 
into its place: for all they that take the sword shall 
perish with the sword " (Matt. 26: 52). " My king- 
dom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this 
world, then would my servants fight" (John 18: 36). 
" Love your enemies and pray for them that persecute 
you" (Matt. 5: 44); "Blessed are they which are 
persecuted . . . great is your reward in heaven " (Matt. 
5: 10, 12). Paul says: " Render to no man evil for 
evil. . . . Avenge not yourselves, . . . Vengeance be- 
longeth unto me; . . . But if thine enemy hunger, feed 
him, ... Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil 
with good" (Rom. 12: 17-21). 

Christ ahuays allowed love rather than anger to 
sicay his heart and life. This is the teaching and prac- 
tice of the entire New Testament, and also of the early 
church. And since that, wherever Christianity has 
had a chance to get hold of the people, this spirit has 
prevailed. It would be a boon to Christendom and the 
world, if all those who profess to be Christ's follow- 
ers would walk closely in the footsteps of him who, 
under the severest scourgings and even under death, 
retaliated not. Many a young man died at the mar- 
tyr's stake, rather than to join the Roman army, and in 
every century since then has this spirit been shown. 
Will the record of the twentieth century be the same? 
Or will any presume that they know better, or have a 
new revelation? Beware of the prophet that prophe- 
sies absolutely in contradiction to the truth that God 
has revealed and taught by both Word and Life, — even 
that of his Son. Believe him not! 

Many and continual were the strong protests against 
murder in the Old Testament. And it is interesting 
to see how the prophets looked forward to an age when 
wars, in all their horror, would cease. They set forth 
a great peace program (Micah 4: 1-3; Isa. 2: 2-4). 
Christ and the apostles applied these prophecies to 
their day; therefore the peace age of the prophets is 
the Gospel age (Matt. 4: 12-16; cf. Isa. 9: 1-6). 

What is the matter, then, with the attitude of the 
Governments and many of the churches of today? 
Though they are called Christian, yet, on this question, 
they are not practicing and upholding the Word of 
their Leader. They seem to be living under the Mo- 
saic* Law, not having caught the spirit and hope of 
the prophets, nor that of the Gospel. Again, they 
make a serious mistake in thinking they have a right 
to do evil that good may come. Paul, in Romans 6: 2, 
s5ys: "Shall we sin that grace may abound? God 
forbid. Know ye not that to whom ye present your- 
selves as servants, his servants ye are whom ye obey?" 
No principle is more clearly taught in God's Word 
than this one. 

Now, my dear brethren, what will we do? Will we 
obey God or men? One of the greatest and most 
precious things in the world is conviction. Without it, 
little was ever done that was worth while. Knowledge 
brings conviction, and with conviction the will is able 
to act. Now, if God has given us the knowledge on 
this question, and we are convinced that it is right, he 
then expects us to act and live true to it (James 4: 
17). Many people today do not seem to have any con- 
victions on this question (perhaps largely because they 
have not been taught), and others who do have, are 
afraid or ashamed to stand by them. Will you stand 
by what you know to be right, or will you disobey 
your God and your conscience? 

But do not expect God to exempt you, and the Gov- 
ernment to overlook you, if you are selfishly using 
your talents and your freedom for your own pleasure. 
You do not deserve it. 

/ appeal to you: Be true to God, not only because 
you need him, but because the church and lost souls 
are needing you. God has saved your soul for a pur- 
pose, — that hevmight be able to reach other lost souls 
and save them too (John 17: 18; Matt. 28: 19; etc.}. 
Men are perishing in darkness and ignorance all about 
you, because you, who know God, do not love and ap- 
preciate him as you should. In other lands whole na- 
tions are dying in darkness, yes, thirty-two millions 
every year. At every breath of God's air that you are 
so graciously allowed to draw, four souls perish with- 
out ever having heard of the Savior. Long have they 
been crying out for light and life. God has put his 
blessed Gospel into the world, but he depends upon 
us to take it to others; he has no other way. Whether 
they shall have it or not, depends upon your answer. 

In answer to the prayers and efforts of his people, 
during the last hundred years, God has opened the 
doors of all nations today. They are waiting and 
pleading for Christ. Will we enter how, or will we let 
those doors close? One whole tribe came a long dis- 
tance to a mission and pleaded for teachers, promising 
to bear all expenses. But being refused, they, in 
anger, said: " When we see your God we will tell him 
on you." The door was being closed, as. these disap- 
pointed ones returned to. their idols. 

Christ's thin battle line against sin, in the foreign 
field,- has been depleted. Many European workers 
were recalled by their Governments to enter the battle 
line of carnal warfare. Nearly all the students and 
volunteers of Europe are dead. Most of those in* 
America are going into the carnal war. Where is 
Christ going to get recruits for his battle line? Sure- 
ly, he is depending much upon those few nonresistant 
peoples, that are left to him. Will we rally to his ban- 
ner, or '' will we also forsake him " (John 6: 67) ? 

And in spite of the hardships, no life is happier or 
more real than the one that gives all to the service of 
Christ, in obedience to the Ruler of life and his laws, 
neither is any life more wretched and unreal and with- 
out hope than that selfish one which chooses to reject 
God's plan for it. 

Chicago, III. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 

Two Aspects of the Liquor Question 


Several weeks ago, while lecturing to about three 
hundred children, I was struck with the dullness of a 
group of them. They seemed incapable of compre- 
hending and retaining relatively simple facts or prin- 
ciples. Their teacher sat with an expression of anx- 
iety, mingled with a touch of tragedy on her face, as 
she listened to their answers to some questions I 
asked, because her heart was in her work. 

After the lecture, she came to me and apologized 
for the poor showing her school had made. Since 
it appeared that she was putting forth her best efforts 
to give them the best of instruction, I could not refrain 
from asking her how she accounted for their unusual 
dullness. That appeared to come as a relief to her, 
for she quickly gave me this explanation : " The school 
from which these boys and girls come is located in a 
part of the city where there is very heavy beer drink- 
iu°- on the part of both parents and children. Their 
fathers and mothers drink surprisingly large quanti- 
ties daily and have done so during the greater part of 
their lives. Before these little ones were born their 
minds had been poisoned and benumbed by alcohol. 
They have access to beer in their homes and they, too, 
use it to some extent. So their dullness is due to beer- 
drinking.— primarily on the part of the parents, but 
augmented, in many cases, by their own indulgence. 
I can not get them to connect a new fact with an old 
one, for it usually occurs that the old one has been 
forgotten. Yes, they were born into the world with 
only half a chance. I fear I am making a losing 

This said, she hurried off to her group, to take care 
of them, leaving me to meditate on the eloquent ser- 
mon she had just delivered. What a tragedy, and yet 
we are not surprised. Mother nature always retali- 
ates when her laws and principles have been trifled 
with. While biologists generally agree that a habit is 
not transmitted to offspring, yet a blighting influence, 
such as is herein given, is entirely possible. 

So it is with considerable disappointment that I 
note that Ohio, my native State, will retain the sa- 
loon as a result of a recent election. It isn't a "matter 
of rights, nor government revenue, but of life. Let 
us consider this a problem of posterity, of the race, of 
life. The tendency of the race is toward mediocrity. 
All contributing influences must have our disapproval. 
I wish to make another observation : As I look over 
the names of the saloonkeepers in our city directory, I 
note the great majority have names of foreign origin. 
A considerable portion of these are unquestionably 
German. The prominent brewers of this city are 
Schlitz, Pabst, Jung, Gettelman, Gutsch, Schoenhofen. 
Blatz, etc. Those of Dayton, I recall, were Schantz, 
Schwind, Burkhardt, etc. The list is largely if not 
wholly German in nationality. Is this condition a 
taste of German Kultur, which the Kaiser is so anx- 
ious to force upon the world? If so, here, again, his 
brand conflicts with ours. In the prohibition cam- 
paigns these cry loudest for the recognition of their 
" liberties." Drinking" is one of the few liberties they 
had abroad. He says little of liberty there, for the 
individual counts for naught, but here he clamors for 
personal liberty, — which means, in this case, to make 
a hog of himself and dunces of his children. 

So the good people must redouble their efforts and 
work unceasingly to make every community a fit place 
lo bring up children. " Ye arc the salt of the earth," 
said the Master, but we are daily reminded that there 
is a great shortage of. that salt. 

146 Fourteenth Street, Milwaukee, Wis. 

witness more important rites, but their direct partici- 
pation in public worship was limited. 

Christianity was among other things a protest 
against the formalism of Judaism, holding that the 
people, both individually and collectively, had a right 
to commune directly with the Godhead, without the 
intervention of any human being whatever. The early 
Christians had no prescribed forms of worship, but 
addressed the Almighty chiefly through " psalms. 
hymns and spiritual songs," in which the congrega- 
tion took part (Maft. 26: 30; Mark 14: 26; Eph. 5: 
19; Col. 3: 16). This was the case for two or three 
centuries until the power of the priesthood began to 
assert itself. Before the fifth century, the hierarchical 
tendency of the church began to be very marked, so 
that, from the time of Gregory the.Great (about 600 
A. D.), the exercises of public worship were almost 
entirely transferred from the congregation nt large 
to the priests and their attendants. This restriction 
was kept up more and more throughout the Middle 
Ages until the beginning of the Reformation, about 
1,500 A. D. 

The Reformation, again, was a protest against the 
formalism and usurpation of authority which marked 
the church of that day, and one of the most character- 
istic movements of that time was toward the simpli- 
fication and popularization of the worship. Every re- 
former dwelt with emphasis upon that feature of the 
Reformation and it is from that time that congrega- 
tional, singing, as we know it, dates. 

General Features. — Every movement that tends 
toward the improvement of congregational singing is 
a step toward fundamental principles, and therefore 
thoroughly in accord with the religious sentiment of 
the times, which, more than ever before, aims, so far 
as possible, to' pattern after the conditions and cere- 
monials of primitive Christianity. These 
democratic and more in accord with Jesu 
than at any subsequent time. 

The observance of the mass, on the cout 
Greek and Roman Catholic Churches, is 
just as effective before an empty church ; 
full. one. The congregation is entirely 
is the sacrament that counts. Carried 

re more 

Congregational Singing 


Historical. — In the apostolic times the people or 
congregation took part in every exercise of public 
worship. In the Old Testament the people were a 
very distinct class from the priests and Levites. The 
latter classes were the active agents of public worship, 
offering sacrifices, singing praises, and offering up become 
petitions in behalf of the people. The people provided 
the material for sacrifice and were usually present to 

before a 
pcrfluous; it 
1 entirely by 
a priest and a half-priestly choir, there is no room for 
popular worship. The music in Protestant churches, 
where the singing is all done by a choir,— generally 
paid,— is, in spirit at least, but a Protestantized form 
of Catholic mass. The people have no part in it, and 
the worship becomes a ceremony which is supposed to 
be pleasing to Almighty God. 

This is radically wrong. As a work of art. the com- 
plex, prescribed form of the Roman church, as per- 
formed by highly-trained priests and choir, is all very 
well, but a work of art is not, necessarily, worship ex- 
cept at the shrine of art. It is, of necessity, not spon- 
taneous, and often anything 'but sincere. The very 
same prescribed form, entered into by the congrega- 
tion, may be the very culmination of public worship, 
though not nearly so fine as art. 

Why Congregational Singing Is Not More At- 
tempted and More Successful. 

1. If is not always remembered that congregational 
singing is emphatically an expressional form of music. 
Its purpose is nof to affect- the auditor, but to utter 
the emotions and thoughts of the singer. Its best suc- 
cess depends primarily upon its universality and fervor 
throughout the given assembly. 

Professional musicians are apt to speak lightly of 
congregational singing as " unbearable or unmanage- 
able." But they view it from an unfair standpoint. 
Its hard, trying characteristics may be reduced by pa- 
tient, tactful effort, that, while its expressional value 
is preserved, its technical excellence may be gradual- 
ly improved. 

2. It is not always remembered that, since congre- 
gational singing is essentially expressive, it can flourish 
only where there is a congregational spirituality that 
craves expression. It also requires a worshipful con- 
gregation, which assembly is not made up largely of 
outsiders, through whom congregational singing has 

laughing stock. And there must not be a 
generally low, spiritual tone, as where the pastor be- 
comes cold, or wrierc there is a congregational dissen- 

sion, and an impossibility of any enthusiastic emotion- 
al utterance. 

3. Congregational singing will not flourish without 
encouragement by the pastor, and an effort from the 
individual members of the congregation itself. Every 
regular worshiper is responsible. 

The Part op Pastor and People. — What can the 
pastor dor He can explain the value and dignity of 
congregational singing, historically, theoretically, and 
actually. He can personally supervise and counte- 
nance whatever efforts are made for technical improve- 
ment. He can so arrange the details of actual service 
that the hymns shall be suitable for congregational 
rendering. What can the people do? They can regard 
the sincing as a personal duty and privilege. They 
can conscientiously endeavor to adopt the words of 
the hymns as their own private utterance, and engage 
in the singing of those words with the utmost preci- 
sion and technical finish of which they arc capable. 

There Must Be a WiderJ^opular Interest. — Be- 
fore the habit of congregational singing can he accept- 
ed as it deserves, there must be a wider popular inter- 
est in singing. The extended practice of teaching 
singing in the public schools should therefore receive 
the heartiest support of Christian people, for such 
leaching implants musical taste and skill where they 
will bear the most abundant fruit. 

The Hymn Book. — Much of the practical success 
of congregational music depends on the hymn book 
used. The best selection of hymns and tunes should 
be used. 

Hymns. — For congregational singing hymns should 
serve to promote the efficiency of the sermon in every 
possible way. The hymn should be emotional, wor- 
shipful, and not exclusively didactic (or teaching), 
and should harmonize with the sermon. 

Tunes. — Tunes for congregational singing should 
he simple, tuneful, and within the compass of the 
average singer's voice. They should present no star- 
tling intervals for a great assembly to sing correctly 
and smoothly, and, above all, these tunes should be 
native to the musical thought and impulse of the peo- 
ple who are to use them. Tunes should be avoided 
that are sung to secular songs, for they convey to 
many the impression of the secular song, and hinder 
the impression that should he made by the snug itself. 
Rehearsals. — It will be difficult lo have general in- 
telligent participation in song, if the congregations 
have no opportunity of learning the practical songs 
and tunes in the Hymnals. Such opportunities may be 
made in regular rehearsals. 

Congregational rehearsals, or even sight-singing 
classes, modeled on the old-fashioned singing-school, 
arc a fine thing. If no other time is available, have 
those present at a midweek prayer meeting, or young 
people's meeting, remain for a few minutes' drill in 
hymns or other service music. These congregational 
rehearsals are especially useful when it is desired to 
introduce new music, or brush up the old. It is as- 
tonishing how much can be accomplished in a few 
minutes' time at such drills. A few drilled singers, 
scattered throughout the congregation, will soon work 
wonders ill spurring on the rest. 

Value of Congregational Singing. — It seems 
that no other devotional exercise of assembled saints 
can be so pleasing to God as the congregation lifting 
up its united voice in his praise. The culminating 
moments in heaven's worship, as portrayed in Revela- 
tion, occur when the combined voices of the " thou- 
sands of thousands" of angels and every creature 
which is in heaven and on carlh and under the earth, 
and such as arc in the sea, and all that arc in them, yea 
the great multitudes which no one can number, sang 
the song of accomplished redemption. 

Furthermore, true congregational singing will re- 
act upon the souls of the individual singers, becom- 
ing a veritable moment of transfiguration, sharpening 
their spiritual apprehension, stimulating their religious 
feelings, and leading to fresh and renewed determi- 
nation of loyalty to God and his laws. Unless each 
one feels the stimulus of the added psychic and spir- 
itual momentum of all the rest, urging him towards a 
fuller, richer religious experience, this union of voices, 

(Continued on Pago 13) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 


The New Dawn 

I thank thcc for the mo 
(he promise of the day, 
the bright and rosy daw 

my heart he like the dai 

pure and perfect day, 
my hopes he made to rea 

thou strength unto thy cl 
hem hope, and in thee tr 


rts with love of fcllow-i 
read the living Gospel 

A True Personal Incident 


Moth iK was worried otic day, for she was always 
so careful to sec that nothing was wasted, especially 
in food. 

And as she looked nt the large piece of roast heef 
which was left from a roast, the butcher had sent 
several days before, and realized that it would not keep 
another day, she*said: "What will we do with it? 
We can not begin to use it all today." 

Not long after there was a knock at our back kitchen 
door, and (here stood a very old man, poorly 
clad, with a basket on his arm. 

"" Have you anything to give me?" be asked, and 
pf course, mother al once thought of the roast of beef 
and hastened to give it to him. 

How her face brightened as she shut the door on 
him and said: "Providence sent him, I am sure." 
And we, too, were sure, for we had never seen the 
old man before, and we never saw him again. 

Was he not used for that special time and place? 

We will always believe he was. for wc had had no 
beggars at our door for years. 

And another thing we are sure of, — our Lord does 
not believe in waste at any time: "Gather up the 
fragments that remain, that nothing be lost." 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

Old-Time Sunday-Schools 


Several weeks ago I read an article in the Gospel 
Messenger about a Sunday-school that was organ- 
ized fifty-one years ago. The writer expressed his 
willingness to hear from other Sunday-schools that 
could be traced back to that time. 

In February, 1866, Bro. Ira Calvert (who went to 
his reward in June 6, 1871), father of the writer, of 
Huntington County. Ind., moved with his family to 
Lawrence County, III. In March of the same year 
he called the few members together, — there being six 
families at that time. — and with the assistance of Bro. 
Michael Forney, of Richland County, 111., organized 
a church with fourteen members, known then and ever 
since as the Allison Prairie congregation. 

May 1 of that year he organized the first Brethren 
Sunday-school, and to my knowledge nine members 
of that school are still living. It has been an ever- 
green Sunday-school almost ever since its organiza- 
tion, and today it is a thriving, growing church, with 
Bro. Noah H. Miller as the efficient pastor, and a 
crowd of young people very much interested in the 
Lord's work. 

As time goes on, we expect great things for the 
Allison Prairie church for which we praise God, from 
whom all blessings flow. 

Vincenncs, Ind. 

very core of admiration. For there is nothing very 
remarkable in the thing that you can do; it's the thing 
you can not do that thrills. 

And the mystery of mysteries is that quiet man or 
woman whom neither fortune nor misfortune, argu- 
ment or weather can alter in their art of equipoise, — 
that science of the feelings. It is chief of powers; 
it stands supreme ns the impressive thing: that beau- 
tiful calm; that ease in doing. 

But once they let things get the better of them, — 
and a fellow-being sees, — then all the calm of all the 
future can never make that man forget. He sees you 
ever and forever as you lost command that day. It 
clings to him with fiendish accuracy and cunning. He 

But the man who never lets a circumstance uproot 
him is master over everything that comes within his 
reach. He has that something. 

You argue, and he listens; you threaten, and he 
smiles. And when a man smiles, he wins. What are 
you going to do about it? What can you do about it? 

And that doesn't mean inactivity, passivity. For 
even while you arc watching the most motionless of 
oceans, it is moving. 

St. Louis, Mo. 



Whenever you lose control of yourself, you lose 
control of people. They have seen the unalarming 
human in you; the decadence of a force, as the artist's 
gift dies, or the singer loses his voice,— the mystery 
has vanished; that inexplicable something is gone. Es- 
sentially you are no different, and difference is the 

Big Brother ' 


Several weeks ago, the Alioona Times, a daily 
publication in the city of Altoona, Pa., of which my 
husband is editor, began a campaign for the collection 
of funds for the purpose, — as he states it, — to "avoid 
the tragedy of the empty Christmas stocking." The 
name "Big Brother" was chosen for the fund, and 
the men (and women too) were appealed to, to come 
forth with their cash, and be a " Big Brother " to some 
poor child, who would doubtless go without a Christ- 
mas treat, unless some person came to its aid. - 

It was suggested that one dollar would be a fair 
amount to set apart for a Christmas treat for a child, 
so that persons desiring to contribute, might become 
a " Big Brother " to as many poor children as they 
liked. It was pointed out that in ordinary years many 
poor people are unable to rejoice on Christmas Day, 
because they have nothing over which to rejoice. Fate 
has been unkind, and life has become a burden. This 
year many " Big Brothers " in the flesh are away, and 
children who otherwise might have had a gladsome 
holiday, have nothing but a recollection of the way 
the day should be spent. 

Well, the idea was considered a splendid one, if the 
generous response is a criterion. Men began coming 
in with (heir dollars. Some wanted the names of chil- 
dren, that they might go personally, to determine their 
most dire needs and to supply them. But most of the 
" Big Brothers " were content to let the " Big Broth- 
er " editor find the poor children, expend the donated 
money, and make the little folks happy. And it was 
astonishing how few of the men who contributed to 
the " Big Brother " fund would permit their names 
to be used in any manner with it. 

From the start it was stated that this movement 
would be conducted without expense, — one hundred 
per cent charity. But a lot of work was 'entailed. A 
fund of several hundred dollars was accumulated 
within a very short time. Four hundred dollars meant 
Merry Christmases for 400 boys and girls, who other- 
wise would have had no gifts. — perhaps not enough to 

Articles had to be purchased, a room secured in 
which the packages could be prepared, and they had 
to be delivered on Christmas morning. More than 
all, the applications of the poor children for a share 
of the " Big Brother " fund had to be investigated, for, 
unfortunately, there are impostors, who would prey 
upon charity, were they permitted. Then, too, gifts 
intended for poor innocent children might fall into 
the hands of drunken fathers. 

To guard against any misuse of the funds, the good 
ladies of the "Sunshine Society" were called in. Their 
work was much appreciated. Unselfishly they worked 
on the investigation of cases until the last. Then they 
interviewed leading merchants concerning the goods 

needed, — the investigation disclosing what was most 
needed in the individual cases. 

In short, every child to whom some person became 
a " Big Brother," got something on Christmas. AH 
got some candy, nuts and an orange, but this was, in 
reality, the small part, for as the cases demanded, 
warm underclothing, stockings, mittens, gloves, caps, 
scarfs and other useful and necessary articles were 
given, up to the allotment of the dollar. 

It was a splendid idea. The " tragedy of the empty 
Giristmas stocking" was averted in the community, 
and more than one boy and girl, — men and women 
too, — taught a practical lesson on Christianity that will 
never be effaced. The Sunshine ladies distributed sun- 
shine with the packages, reminding each little recipient 
of the " Big Rrother," the Son of God, who did so 
much for all of us, and that, in commemoration of 
him. the day was being celebrated. A great truth was 
driven home. 

Now it has just occurred to me that this " Big 
Brother" movement might be spread in our church. 
There are approximately 100,000 members of our 
church. There arc thousands more who " lean " to- 
ward us. There are many orphans, many poor and 
unfortunate, who scarcely have that which will sus- 
tain life. There are countless pitiful cases which come 
under the eyes of our foreign missionaries. Why 
could not every member of the Church of the Brethren 
pledge himself or herself to become a " Big Brother," 
next year, for one of these, or a number of them? 
An immense fund could soon be raised. Our mission- 
ary and settlement workers need our most fervent 
prayers, but they also need our dollars. How easy it 
would be to give them all they need ! 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

The Art of Silence 

selected by wealthy a. burkholder 
Some one has said that the art of all others, which 
most needs cultivation is the " Art of Good Speak- 
ing." We differ. The art of all others which most 
needs cultivation is the " Art of Silence." There is 
nothing like the man or woman that can keep the 
mouth shut. Not that people should always keep the 
tongue still (it is made for use), but there are times 
when silence is the best and most effective reply. 
When a boor speaks roughly or uncivilly to you, when 
you are asked an impertinent question, when a sneer 
is conveyed under cover of an inquiry for information, 
or when, having appealed to you on a question of 
taste, your opinion is met with ridicule, the best an- 
swer in these or like contingencies, is a masterful si- 
Silence bespeaks reserve power, conscious strength, 
dignity, self-command, and nothing is at times so ef- 
fective as the silence which springs from contempt. 
The man or woman who can endure reproach silently, 
or can keep silent when occasion calls for it, possesses 
something of (bat quality, we call greatness. So the 
Master was silent before inquisitive Pilate : " He 
opened not his mouth," and amid scoffing and jeers 
and taunts, he kept silence, only broken on the cross 
to bestow benediction and blessing. . . . There is a time 
to be silent, as well as to talk, and he does well who 
keeps closed lips before the babbling of the empty 
soul. Cultivate the habit of silence, and do not defer 
it till the time comes when the lips shall never more 
speak, and the busy tongue shall be silent forever. — 
Christian Weekly. 

The Compelling Power of Prayer 


Have you ever entered a mill when the water-pow- 
er had been shut off, and the tremendous wheel, whose 
motion sets the entire plant into action, is still? 

Idle though it is, one can not but marvel at its great 
size, and be impressed with the pent-up power in its 
huge cogs, and the possibilities for the accomplish- 
ment of a stupendous amount of work which it sug- 

Have you realized that not in it, but somewhere 
back of it, lay the power which would release the 
energy necessary to move the vast bulk of machinery? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 

liled to 

the great sluice gates Clearfield County. This, church 
ush of water over the 

If you hav 
raised and to note the eagei 

wheel, you will have been convinced that the weight of 
water hack of the wheel, is the dynamo which sets it, 
and with it, the whole machinery of the mill, into mo- 
tion, and converts a great mechanical mass into a liv- 
ing, constructive force. 

The water, pouring out through the lifted gates, 
starts the ponderous wheel, and instantly there is a 
response, and the entife mechanism rouses from its 
lassitude and torpor, and sets about its duty. 

John Henry Jowett says : " Prayer opens the sluice 
"atcs, and the water of life floods the sluggish affec- 
tions, freshens the drovysy sympathies and braces and roa< i s 
speeds the will like the glorious rush of the stream 
upon the miller's wheel." 

And what man, who has prayed earnestly, has not 
experienced the inrush of gladness, strength and peace 
which follows a raising of the sluice gat* 
himself and God, the Fountain-head? 
Fairfield, Pa. 

, located 




I hriek structure, well adapted for 
Sunday-school and regular church service. We spent Thanks- 
giving with the Brethren there and found them in a growing 
condition.— not a large membership but a membership that 
has a large proportion of workers. The Sunday-school is 
much larger than the church membership, and ill a prosperous 
condition. The Thanksgiving service was well attended by 
the citizens of the village, and all seemed to take a definite 
interest in the work, although many of thent were not mem- 
bers. Bro. Jason Hollopetcr is pastor in charge of the work 
there, and is doing a commendable work. 

Our next visit was to the Montgomery church in Indiana 

County, where Eld. Oran Fyock has charge. Here we found 

a splendid body of Brethren and friends. At a public service, 

held in the church, the attendance was surprisingly large. The 

acadam or pavement, found in 

re they as " level as a floor." 

of them 
• ortunity. 

nd limes 

uld accept the 

rs of the North 
where they arc. 


Her Choice 

But this docs not keep the people from attending church 
services. If some of our folks, who live in sections more fa- 
vored in this respect, would us 
upon the services in tile housi 

pie all conic from, hut the home 
in goodly numbers. They conic ( 
gies, as well as in automobiles. 

From Montgomery we went to Johnstown, and out to the 
Roxbury church, where Bro. Galen B. Roycr was ill the midst 

of the Lord, there would be 

hues wonders where the peo- 

the hills turn them out 

:oot, in wagons and bug- 


: bishop in charge. 


She was a pure, true-hearted girl, fresh i 
youthful bloom, with_a sweet, tender expressio 
made you love her. She was not tall, — just of 
dium height, — with a beautiful, well-poised form, that 
in its wonderful grace, seemed to move as easily and 
with no more effort than a straight, unblemished lily 
sways in the breeze. Her face was delicately cut, and official body thei 
her sweet, smiling lips were as fresh as the morning 
dew. Her eyes were of a heavenly blue. As she 
looked at you, you might think and know that you 
were gazing into the very depths of purity. 

Yes, she was a pure and lovable girl, but as all girls 
have their associates, so she had hers. Sometimes 
just the reverse from ourselves is the person to whom 
our natures cling, and as fate would have it, she clung 
to one who was not like herself. She had a good en- 
vironment, good guardians and a good community to 
live in, but as in the case of others, questionable in- 
fluences were brought to bear upon her. She got a 
taste of the world's sweet sin, failing to see what is 
sure to be the outcome, nor was she able to compre- 
hend the inevitable end. To be sure, she had a will of 
her own, but ever the worldly spirit of the other led 
her to the same worldly goal. 

Youth can not see the terrible end of sin, and will 
not take advice. She had the good advice and tender 
help of others, but she would not heed it. Then, into 
her bright and cheery life, the great clouds of affliction 
gathered. Darker and darker grew her life, as the 
storm grew and increased in fury. She was blind and 
deaf to it all, however. She had one more chance to 
save herself, — no, not now; it was gone. As sin, in 
all its hideousness, confronted her, and as the tempest 
of tribulation closed about her, she saw in the dim dis- 
tance her girlhood shelter against sin, — but too late, 
now. She is swept to and fro, from one peril to an- 
other, and now,— yes, long before these awful things, 
— she sees what she has sacrificed and thrown away. 
She is gone. Ah. who knows, where? 'Tis the hell of 
earth ! 

Oh, what might she have been,— she who, in her 
youthful purity, was so sweet and tender! The aspi- 
ration of the loving, the hope of the true, and the love 
of all. Behold her as she is now,— the keeper of all 
evil, the image of sin, and a being of earthly hell. It 
makes us sad, but what is sown is always reaped,— 

Oh, if we could only hear and understand the plead- 
ing strain : 

" Softly and tenderly Jesus is calling. 
Calling, oh, sinner, come home!" 
Miami, A r . Mex. 

:mg i 



which has been given in these columns. Here w 


prosperous city church, with a membership clos 


drcd. The attendance was large and the intcrc 

dcr the pastorate of Bro. E. M. Detwilcr the elm 

rapidly and is a slrong factor in the religious li 

this beautiful land 

the whole Gospel. 

truth if only they h 
What has been do 

can he duplicated a 

the proper effort is made. 
Why could not a number of our minis 

and Fast, who might readily be spared 

come South and try their hand at building up churches, as 

has been done by others? You may not be able to accu- 
mulate quite as many dollars, but there is no question 

about your " laying up treasures in heaven where moth 

and rust doth not corrupt, nor thieves break through and 
steal." You will have the privilege of enjoying a more 
congenial climate than you have in the North, and the 
satisfaction and pleasure of knowing that you arc put- 
ting forth an honest effort to save lost souls. 

We arc expecting Bro. Galen B. Roycr. Secretary of 
the General Mission Board, sonic time this winter, who 
will be looking into the cause of Southern Missions. We 
trust that his visit will lie the beginning of a greater 
work and a larger vision of what may be accomplished 
by the church with the proper effort put forth. May the 
Lord so direct that in some way this effort may result 
in enlarging the field of the church, and that many who 
are now idle, may he given work where they can, by 
earnest. effort, be of service to the church in saving many 
souls through his blessed name. A. M. Bashor. 

Lawrencehurg.. Tenn., Dec. 19. 

: lb. 

al ll.e 

lilh of 



i the years pass. Eld. N. W. Berk- 
twecn the elder, the pastor and the 
lost hearty cooperation, which ac- 
cess. The church will succeed in 
the city if we will only adapt our methods to city needs. 
While in Johnstown we also called on Bro. J. C. Flora and 
wife, who have recently taken charge of the Moxliam church. 
Since their coming the work in that section of the city has 
taken on new life, and there arc indications of a renewal of 
interest there. Under Bro. Flora's efficient ministry it is 
bound to succeed. 

Our next call was at the First Church of the Brethren, Al- 
tooua. in the Middle District, where a splendid new house of 
worship has hut recently been dedicated. At Ihe time of our 
visit Bro. J. H. Cassady. of Huntingdon, was in the midst of 
a glorious revival, which is still in progress at this writing, 
with over 100 confessions and the interest growing. The new 
church is a model of its kind. Beautiful in architectural de- 
sign hut not overly ornate, convenient in appointment and 
equipment, built for the future as well as present needs, it 
stands as one of the best churches in the Brotherhood. It is 
something more than four walls with seating space, but was 
planned with the purpose of accommodating the growing re- 
quirements of an up-to-date, working church. Bro. Walter S. 
Long, the pastor, has been indefatigable in bis labors in Al- 
toona. and is now reaping the fruits of these years of serv- 
ice. It has increased his labors and brought to him weightier 
responsibilities, hut he accepts these new duties with a deter- 
mined purpose and a desire to do what the Lord would have 
him do Bro. Cassady was preaching the Word with power, 
and his strong doctrinal tone brought people to the church 
who knew what they were doing, and were fully aware of what 
might be expected of them. There is no uncertain sound as to 
Bro. Cassady 's doctrinal teaching. Wc need more of the same 
kind in every part of the Brotherhood. 

May the Lord hless the labors of his faithful ministers in 
these churches, and in every part of our beloved church. 
These are trying tin,, 
conquerors." if w 


list he has imposed 
John R. Snyder. 

iellefontaine, Ohio. 

The South as Seen by a Southerner 

,ro. B. E. Keslcr, of Poplar Bluff, Mo., came to this 
-c Oct. 23 and began preaching at the courthouse in 
irenceburg, continuing each evening until Nov. ll.^Onc 
i baptized and other 


rd the Bible 

Some Pennsylvania Churches 

My work having called me into Western Pcnnsylv: 

I took the opportunity of 

a for 
al of 
the churches that were convenient. It is always a delight to 
worship with those of like precious faith, although wc may be 
strangers in the flesh. It is a means of strengthening one in 
the faith and it may lend encouragement 
The first church we vil 

explained in su 

h a pla 


luch Bible preachec 


re has bee 

i greatly built up an 

d the cat 


strengthened, a 

id wc 


t that 

much good 

may res 

t effort 


Our doctrine 

is new 


this t 

own. the m 


en done 


in the 

country, wh 

ere we n 




fifty mcmbt 

ore em 

t worke 

rs is our greatest dra 


now it 


pes tha 

the Mission 

come to our re 

scue in 


s great 

and needy 


this is 



to put forth he 

r great 

effort i 

i the South 

avc bee 

n the ground for a 

years, and know 

the CO 


ons. re 

lizc that no 

time should 


The Giants and the Grapes 

Numbers 13: 17-33; 14: 1-45; Joshua 14: 6 

For Week Beginning January 13, 1918 

1. What Caleb Thought of the Giants.— To be 

lew they 

he had faith in God, 
So he and Joshua made a 
inicdiate occupation of the 

big, hut th 

feel biggci 
strong report ill favor of an 
land. But they found themselves in the minority. Most 
of the people were panic-stricken by the mere mention of 
"giants." so that even Egypt looked good to them, in 
comparison. But Caleb's speech rang clear, even when 
confronted by the cowards who threatened to stone him. 
His fidelity was remarkable, under the circumstances, 
though not popular. How true, also, 
the price at which you rate yourself, tl 

ally take yc 


orld will 
What a 1 


God's approval of Caleb's whole-lit 
ncssl Tims Christ commended the widow's mil 
21: .11; the cup of cold water (Mark 9: 41); the Samari- 
tan's kindness (Luke 10: 30-37); the gift of the precious 
ointment (John 12: 7); the staunch character of the Ephe- 
sian saints (Rev. 2: 2. 3). 

2. Caleb Offers the Evidence of the Grapes.— When he 
returned with the spies from Canaan, he not only talked 
optimistically of the country, and urged the conquering 
of it, hut be brought back a big bunch of luscious grapes 
from Eshcol. If the giants were great, so were the grapes. 
Sometimes wc say: "The larger the rose, the larger the 
thorn," hut the Christian says: "The larger the thorn, the 
larger the rose— the greater the giants, the greater the 
grapes" So Cod's goodness today is multiplied to all his 
children (1'sa. }3: 5; 34: 8; 36: 7; 68: 19; 100: 5; 107: 8, 9, 
43; Isa. 63: 7; James 1: 5. 17). 

3. God's Approval of Caleb's Heroism and Optimism.— 
His words are unmistakable: "My servant Caleb will 1 
bring into the land, who hath followed nic faithfully," and 
he was true to his promise. Caleb was rewarded because 
be deserved it, while the cowards of the camp perished 
ingloriously in the desert. Our last glimpse of faithful 
Caleb reveals his pleasant home in Hebron, located in full 
view of the vale of Eshcol, where he plucked the large 
cluster of grapes, so many years before. Caleb's reward 
was abundant because of his faithfulness. His inheritance 
was Hebron meaning " fellowship." This the Lord's peo- 
ple have today (1 Cor. 1: 9; 9: 25; James 1: 12; 2 Tim. 4: 
8). Incentives to Character Growth 

1. Caleb is the 



:. He was a man of the 

h God always makes a decisive 

Christian of today, there must be 

sus Christ with the whole 

mpaign, in patience, prayer 

majority. So, for the Christ 
a faithful patterning after J 
heart and for the whole life c 
and persevering work. 

2. " There is a prodigious power," says Dr. Cuylcr, ' 
the singleness- of love for Christ— in doing just one thi: 
and that one thing a pressing toward the goal of liken 
to Icsus. Such men never send their regrets when tl 
are summoned to duty; they never interpret Christ's CO 


. lax 

and I 

the Rockton church, 

be lost by the church in taking hold of this great opportu- 
nity of Southern missions, and of pushing the doctrme 
of the church with apostolic zeal to the good people of 

men the tree of life shall I 
nd rain at our feet the filo 

..mi. ■thine grander than en 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 


The Senior Editor ha 
spired !>y the recent cap 
which will appear in ou 
penally fascinating to Bi 

Sunday-school Lesson, John Prepares the Way for Je- 
lls.— Mark 1: 1-1 1. 
Christian Workers' Meeting, The Untried Year— 1918. 

the Holy City, 
Mis article is cet 

favored us with an article in- 
ire of Jerusalem by the British 

next issue. The subject is es- 
.. Miller by reason of his many 

ud lii- 


Bro. Edward Nelson, of Michigan City, Ind., favored the 
Messenger" rooms with a call last week. Though not 

The Secretary of the General Mission Board was one of 
the instructors at the Bible and Sunday-school Institute 
of Northwestern Ohio, held last week at Fostoria. Some 
of Bro. Royer's lecture subjects were: "Necessity for 
Missions in the Sunday-school," " Prayer and Missions in 
the Sunday-school," "The Responsibility of the Hearer 
for Good Sermons," and " Across Russia and Siberia." 

Bro. H. S. Gipe, of Palmyra, Pa., at Boiling Springs. 

same State. 

Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, in the Painter Creek 

church, same State. 

Brother and Sister Oliver H. Austin, of McPhcrson, 

Kans., at Ramona, same State. 

Members of Northern Indiana will kindly 
what the Mission Board of that District announ 
of the church news items. 

Two accepted Christ Dec. 23 at Morrill, Kans. 
One confessed Christ Dec. 16 at Miami, N. Mcx. 
One was baptized Dec. 16 in the Fresno church, Cal. 
Three were baptized Dec. 2i at Colorado Springs, Colo. 
Three were baptized Dec. 13 in the Indian Creek church, 


nfessed Christ Dec. 23 in the Plymouth church, 
ronfessed Christ Dec. 24 in the Miami church. 

N. Mex. 

One has been baptized in the Libeityville church, Iowa 

One has been reclaimed in the Marble Furnace church, 
Ohio, since our last report. 

One was baptized in the Fraternity church, N. C.,— 
l!ro. John Showaltcr, of Salem, Va., evangelist. 

Twenty confessed Christ in the Elkhart City church, 
lnd..— Bro. Win. Lainpin, of Polo, III., evangelist. 

Two confessed Christ in the Rock Run church, Ind.,— 
Bro. A. L. B. Martin, of Baltimore. Md„ evangelist. 

Fourteen were baptized in the Akron church, Pa.,— Bro. 
W. K. Conner, of Harrisburg. same State, evangelist. 

One confessed Christ in the North Liberty church, Ind.. 

— Urn. Eli Hccsland. of Plymouth, salnc State, evangelist. 
Nine confessed Christ in the West Goshen church, Ind., 

— Hro. Reuben Shroycr, of New Berlin, Ohio, evangelist. 
Four have been baptized in the Leanicrsville church, 

Pa..— Bro. J. B. Miller, of Curryville, same State, evangel- 
Eleven confessed Christ in the Elkhart Valley church, 

Ind.,— Bro. W. E. Overholser, of Warsaw, same State. 


Two were received on their former baptism at the 

Mingo house, Mingo congregation. Pa..— Bro. H. B. Yoder, 

of Lancaster, same State, evangelist. 

Two were baptized and one reclaimed in the Cherry 

Lane house. Snake Spring congregation. Pa..— Bro. M. 

R. Brumbaugh, of Henrietta, same State, evangelist. One 

was baptized in the same church, prior to the meetings 

above referred to. 


Bro. J. J. Hoover changes bis address from Sabetha, 
Kansas, to Morrill, same Slate. 

Bro. H. D. Michael, of Juniata. Nebr.. we arc informed, 
still has some lime available for use in evangelistic meet- 

Bro. Floyd A. Schudtr. of Milford. Ind . Lock Box 21a. 
will be open for a few scries of meetings during the fall 
of 1918. Those desiring his services should write him at 
an early date. 

Bro. N. F. Brubaker, having left his interests in Colo- 
rado and being located at 746 E. Euclid Avenue, McPhcr- 
son. Kans.. on account of educational advantages for his 
family, is now in position to give his time to revival work 
among the churches. 

Just as we were going to press we learned of the death, 
on Thursday. Dec. 27. of our beloved brother. Elder W 
R. Deeter. of Milford. Ind. We have no further particu- 
lars at this time. Bro. Deeter has served the church long 
and faithfully, and we hope to have for our readers, at an 
early date, a suitable sketch of his life and labors. 


Bro. H. C. Early, of Pcnn Laird, Va., to begin Jan. 13 
in Ihe Jonathan Creek church. Ohio. 

Bro. D. G. Brubaker. of Ochiltree, Tex., to begin Feb. 
1 in the Prairie Lake church. Waynoka, Okla. 

Bro. J. L. Guthrie, of Upper Sandusky, Ohio, to be- 
gin Jan. 10 in Ihe Hieksville church, same State. 

Bro. W. E. Trostle, of San Gabriel, Cal., to begin in the 
near future at the Rio Linda church, same State. 

The Almanac Has Become 

The Yearbook 

The annual publication, known as the Brethren 
Family Almanac, has outgrown the Almanac idea. 
With the issue for 1918 the Almanac becomes a 

The new Yearbook retains all the valuable fea- 
tures of the older publication. It contains the cal- 
endar pages, the Ministerial List, and all the other 
familiar data that have always made the book a 

The Yearbook is about forty per cent larger 
than last year's Family Almanac. The additional 
space is given over to material under such gen- 
eral topics as Home and Foreign Missions, Sun- 
day-School Work, Educational Activities, and 
General Reforms and Relief Work. Under the 
last topic come reports of the Temperance, Peace, 
Child Rescue, and Dress Reform Committees. 

Although the Yearbook is so much larger than 
the Almanac, yet the material is so well organ- 
ized and indexed that all data are readily avail- 
able. This last feature is a notable advance as 
well as a convenience. 

No Brethren home can afford to miss getting a 
copy of the Yearbook. There is no better way 
to keep in touch with the larger hopes and aims 
of the Brotherhood than to get and read a copy 
of this record of the year's work. 

In spite of the increase in size, the Yearbook 
will cost no more than last year's Almanac. Give 
the local " Messenger " agent ten cents for a copy 
of the Yearbook or send direct to the 

Elgin, 111. 

Order Your Copy Today 

carries on a large correspondence, and is especially inter- 
ested in disseminating Gospel truth among those unfortu- 
nate ones who. like himself, have been denied the gift of 

Sister Levi Minnich, of Greenville. Ohio, Secretary of 
the Sisters' Aid Societies of the Brotherhood, should be 
addressed for the time being at La Verne (Lordsburg P. 
O.). Cal.. where she will spend a few months with her 
parents, Brother and Sister Edmund Forney. Sister Min- 
nich was accompanied on her trip by her brothers, E. 
J. Forney, of Elgin. 111., and I. M. Forney, of Waterloo, 
Iowa. Bro. Minnich expects to go to California early in 
the new year. 

In reply to frequent inquiries concerning his age, Bro. 
Andrew Hutchison, of La Verne, Cal., states that if he 
lives until the 15th of the present month he will be eighty- 
two years old. He has been in the ministry over fifty- 
seven years. He finds preaching as easy as it ever was, 
and says he can fall down as quickly as he ever could, 
but can not get up again so readily. He writes that he is 
only waiting his turn to cross the river and hopes it may 
come soon. Our readers will all join in a fervent wish 
- that Bro. Hutchison's remaining days, whether few or 
many, may be happy ones. 

Isn't it a pity that it is sometimes so difficult to get the 
proper connection between the right man and the right 
place? Just now we have a case in mind. A faithful 
young minister with a college education and seven years 
of pastoral experience, needs to be brought into touch 
with the field in which he can do his best work. While 
not averse to work in the city, he believes his best field 
is a country church of worth-while opportunities, with 
a partial support and a chance to do some light fanning, 
such as trucking and poultry-raising. In all probability 
there is more than one uncultivated field of this kind need- 
ing just such a pastor. 

Bro. Virgil C. Finnell, as was forecast in our last issue, 
is now located with his family at 21 Melrose Ave., Elgin] 
111. His correspondents will please take note of his com- 
plete address and make the necessary correction in the 
new Yearbook. In addition to his work as Field Director 
of Religious Education for the District of Nebraska and 
Northeastern Colorado, which position he has been filling 
for some time. Bro. Finnell has arranged to serve in the 
same capacity the District of Northeastern Kansas and 
that of Northern Iowa, Minnesota and South Dakota. His 
work includes the usual duties of Missionary, Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' Secretary. 

Among the Notes 
J. C. Swigart. Distri 
to which members of the Dl 

publish an announcement by Br 

tary of Middle Pennsylvani 

II please give attei 

The Mission Board of Western Colorado and Utah de 
sires to locate a minister at the Mt. Garfield church, ncai 
Palisade. Colo. Those interested will please turn to Bro 
E. Frank Weaver's announcement among the Notes. 


Bro. J. M. Boaz, who formerly resided at Lamed, Kans., 
should now be addressed at 307 Orange Avenue, Long 
Beach, Cal. 

Bro. R. F. Flory, late of Sherwood, Ohio, has taken 
charge of the Chinese mission and the pastorate at Seattle, 
Wash., where he should be addressed hereafter. 

Bro. F. E. Miller has resigned from the pastorate of 
the Black River church, Mich., and has accepted a call 
from the church at Endcrs, Nebr., wheje he took up the 
work Jan. 3. His correspondents will please enter this 
change of address in the Yearbook of 1918 for future refer- 


The members at Ankeny, Iowa, heretofore a part of the 
Des Moines church, are to be organized as a separate 

The new house, in the Beaver Creek church, Va was 
dedicated Dec. 9, Bro. H. C. Early delivering the address 
for the occasion. 

We are requested to mention that the rededication of 
the Baugo church, Ind., announced in a previous issue for 
Jan. 6, has been indefinitely postponed because of an un- 
foreseen delay in the work. 

Some people complain because it requires an outlay of 
about ten dollars to save a soul during a revival, but 
these critics say nothing about the far larger sums, spent 
by them for the gratification of a perverted appetite. 

The Raisin church, Cal., has selected a committee to in- 
vestigate the question of choosing a pastor for their church 
as soon as possible. The church would be pleased to com- 
municate with any minister who may offer his services. 
Address. W. Harlan Smith, Box 72, Raisin, Cal. 

The meeting of the General Mission Board, which is us- 
ually held in December, was postponed in view of the 
Goshen Conference. The Board will meet in Elgin im- 
mediately after the Conference, and any business to be 
considered should be put into the hands of the Secretary 

A correspondent would like to see some encouragement 
given the young "as to the real good that could be done 
by keeping away from the use of tobacco." She remarks 
further: "What a lot of rescue work could be done if all 
our church members would free themselves of the hab- 
it." Who knows how to say the magic word that will 
free us completely of this evil? 

Referring to the recent article on "Our Church Liter- 
ature." a " Messenger " reader writes us to express his 
appreciation of the paper.' He says that he is not a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren and that his views dif- 
fer from ours on some things, but he is a regular reader 
and finds so many helpful things in it that, after being 
stirred up by the above-mentioned article, he just had to 
write and tell us about it. 

One of the wide-awake western Sunday-schools has 
adopted the postoffice system of distributing Sunday- 
school papers, etc. There arc some marked advantages in 
this method. To begin with, it does away with the distribu- 
tion of papers, cards, etc., while the school is in session, 
thus avoiding much confusion and disturbance in general. 
Then, too, it affords an excellent opportunity to place other 
literature, announcements, etc., in the boxes, thus reach- 
ing every family represented. Of chief value is th» fact 
that by this system but one copy of each publication 
reaches each family, thus avoiding all needless duplication. 

It is related of a young Quaker lady that she possessed 
such a lovely complexion that some of her friends were 
exceedingly anxious to know what means she used to 
make it so fair. An eagerness was even shown to learn 
the name of the cosmetic she employed. Her answer, in 
reply to the many inquiries, is worth noting: "I us» for 
my lips, truth: for my voice, prayer; for my eyes, pity; 
for the hands, charity: for the figure, uprightness; for the 
heart, love." And what better recipe could have been sug- 
gested? The beautifying of the soul will undoubtedly 
transform the outward appearance of all who arc in close 
fellowship with the Lord. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 


A Threatening Danger 
An editorial in the " London Daily News " contains this 
most significant arraignment : " It is a tragic irony, just as the 
German armies are beginning at last to stagger under the 
blows of the Allies, that the spirit of German militarism 
should be winning its greatest victories in this country [Great 
Britain]. There arc diversities of operation, but the same 
spirit." Sure enough, and it would seem that British mili- 
tarism is not aJjit better than the Prussian variety, especially 
when it seeks to disfranchise, — as now contemplated, — all con- 
scientious objectors. Lord Hugh Cecil, in a recent discussion 
of that question, said, "There is a higher law than State 
law, and men are held responsible, here and hereafter, in time 
and eternity, to obey that law." 


eat Fathe 

r. Will not the 

Lord me 


the ge 



ss of our 



him bv- 

our pity 


villingness to 


p the poor? 


of us 

recline o 

n our 



ds each I 







g be- 


ise our b 




illowcd t 




arable ci 



s. Can 

we rest c 


t while 



ids of ou 




in the Un 

ted States, a 

s well 


in Europ 

e, H 


u every 

night ha 

f fed 

and sc 



otected agaiits 

t the 


blasts of 


r? Bi 


sister, this i 

a n 

of serious impor 

. Ar 

: you n 


e of your 



Hidden Things May Be Revealed 
y years archaeologists of all nations have vainly 
rain permission to make excavations at certain 
ic Holy Land. At times, temporary permits were 
granted, but at no time was there a really liberal provision for 
archaeological research. Arrangements are already on foot 
by which the Holy City will be explored from center to cir- 
cumference, — inside of the walls and far beyond the gates. 
During the various occasions when the city was besieged and 
finally overcome, much destruction was wrought, and in 
places the debris— sixty feet in depth— cover much that, if 
unearthed, would be of the most intense interest. Just what 
may be discovered by the explorer's spade, we do not now 
know, but the near future is likely to reveal some interesting 

We Must Do Better Than Our Fathers 
A writer, in the current issue of a popular magazine, re- 
fuses to believe that " the good old times " were as roseate 
as they arc often represented. He adduces testimony to prove 
that trickery and deception were even more in evidence dur- 
ing the former period than at present. Without attempting 
to decide whether the former times were better or worse 
than the present, it might be altogether Appropriate to face the 
fact that is really vital : " We must do better than our fathers, 
and prove it by actual results," We arc wholly unworthy of 
living in an age of progress and intellectual advancement, if 
we do not, in various ways, show at least some improvement 
over our parents and grandparents. Tn fact, wc owe it to our 
better selves to make progress from day lo day, — however 

slight it may be. 

When Prohibition Prevails 
Bro. George L. McDonaugh, of Alhambra, Cal., favors 
us with an extract from the "Los Angeles Times" that 
tells a story all its own. ft proves that prohibition, prop- 
erly enforced, actually prohibits in that city. Some years 
ago, when saloons flourished in Los Angeles, a farm was 

edge. (5) Place. plenty of missionary books in the Sunday- 
school library. Many books of that sort are within range of 
even smaller children and will prove valuable. (6) A month- 
ly missionary offering. In arranging for this, full informa- 
tion should be given as to the place where the money is to go. 
More funds can be raised for a definite object than for mis- 
sions in general. (7) Let there be definite and intelligent in- 
tercessory prayer for the great mission fields, of the world. 
Most of us have yet to learn the full import of fervent, effec- 
tual petitions, offered in the full assurance of faith to the Lov- 
ing Father. If our prayers arc aglow with missionary zeal, 
there is sure to be a corresponding endowment of power from 
above, for the furtherance of missionary interests. 

All Will Work 

few years ago an exper 

a generation everybody in the United States will 
a living," — and he had both sexes in view, 
his prediction. Judging by present in- 
dications, his prophecy bids fair to be fulfilled ahead of 
time. The leisure class is decreasing. After the war, if 
not sooner, there will be little of it. More than half of 
the labor in the various industries has hitherto been of 
foreign birth. Deducting the negro workers, we have only 
one-third of the native white population engaged in man- 
ual labor. Where are we to get workers in the years to 
come, when Europe will need all its man-power for re- 
constructive work? Obviously every citizen of our land 
will be called upon to do his share of the nation's toil, and 
the time is coming when the day labon 




Mail Service to Jerusalem Agai 
Willi the occupation of the " City of David 
ish forces, orderly condil 
possible. Of special inter 
since the beginning of til 

by the Brit- 
being restored as fast as 
fact that for the first time 
iil service has been cstab- 

for incbrin 
pose.— the 

Los Fcliz Boule 

excellent pur- 
calculated to 
d life of usc- 


: nd from Jerusalem and such portions of Pal- 

c as are being held by the British troops. A general no- 
lo this effect has been issued by the Postoffice Depart- 
, and is giving much satisfaction to all concerned. Steps 
also being taken to increase the transportation facilities 
,e Holy Land, with the view of providing better mail serv- 
making Jerusalem the center of a comprehensive system 
ailroads. Tt is hard to foretell just what may be done 
ic fullest development of Palestine, and especially Jeru- 
n. Some remarkable things, however, may be looked for. 

restore the devotees of liquor 
fulness. With the advent of prohibition, howe 
order of things gained ground. No longer 
briatcs be found, so it was decided to utilize 
as a Municipal Detention Home for Women, v 
bodily ills may be properly cared for. Surely, 

sirable change! 

He Had to Search for the Clock 
Apparently trivial tilings are frequently stepping-stones 


illustrated most forcibly in the ( 

■ of 

Gifts to Foreign Missions During 1917 
According to latest information, furnished by the " Foreign 
Missions Conference of North America," foreign missions in 
the United States and Canada received subscriptions aggre- 
gating $20,407,861 during 1917. Of this amount $19,166,864 
was from the United States, and $1,240,597 from Canada. 
Nineteen organizations in Canada, and 178 in the United 
States are represented in the figures given above. Under the 
blighting effect of war conditions, the showing is, perhaps, 
as well as could be expected, and yet it is far.— very far,— 
from what it might be, were there a greater realization of in- 
dividual responsibility for the work of Gospel propagation. 
May the Lord roll upon us a real conviction of the possibilities 
that lie within our reach. The fields are white unto harvest, 
and it is the business of every believer to attend to his allotted 

Charles M. Hays, the builde 
railway in Canada. As a yo' 
senger department of the Gou 
general manager of the systeu 
fideutial secretary, — li.-ippi'iud 
only one, of scores of clerks, 


E a leading transcontinental 
man he worked in the pas- 
nes. One day, Mr. Talmage, 
ust then in search for a con- 
note that Mr. Hays was the 

Guatemala's Destruction by Earthquake 
Since 1522, when the city of Guatemala, capital of the 
republic of like name, was first built, there have been more 
than fifty volcanic eruptions and more than 300 earth- 
quakes in that vicinity. Under date of Dec. 30 the destruc- 
tion of the city is reported,— the third time it has thus 
been obliterated. Many persons were killed, but at this 
writing the number of dead and injured can not he given. 
Deep fissures are to be seen in various sections of the 
city. Panic-stricken, the inhabitants have fled to the ad- 
jacent country,— eighty thousand of the people being 
homeless. The earthquakes began on Christmas Day and 
culminated in the violent shocks of Dec. 29, which com- 
pleted the work of destruction. The American Red Cross 
is making every possible endeavor to relieve the urgent 
needs of the stricken people. Temporary buildings are 
being erected, and provisions of all kinds arc being rushed 
to the scene of devastation. 

watching the clock. Stepping up to him, Mr. Talmage asked 
what time it was. Not until the question was repeated, could 
Mr. Hays be diverted from his all-important task. Looking 
around three sides of the room, he finally found the clock on 
the fourth, gave the answer: " Eleven-fifty." and went on with 
his work. " Thank you," said Mr. Talmage and went his way. 
Next morning Charles M. Hays, the clerk who had to search 
for the clock, occupied a responsible position in the office of 



Russia and Germany Agi 
At date of this writing (fo: 

Why Not Extend the "Take-It-Back Day "? 
In many country communities a " Take-It-Back-Day " 
ually appointed, on which 
own looks over his possess! 

dent of that particulai 
nd collects all borrowed arti- 

cles for ; 


then detei 

e.l fr. 

Peace Terms 
of Dec. 31) peace 
upon by Russia and Germany. 
,var prisoners and captured ships will be returned to 
respective countries,' which virtually puts an end to 
lostilities between these nations, for the time being, 
east. The Russians agree to evacuate all occupied 
tory. and insist that Germany must withdraw troops 
i Poland. Bulgaria also agrees to the peace program, 

All Railroads Under Federal Control 
What even the most ardent Socialist would have hardly 
ventured to hope for, at so early a date, has actually hap- 
pened—President Wilson has placed the vast railway systems 
of the United States under Federal control-Secretary Mc- 
Adoo, of the Treasury Department, having he™ chosen as 
" Director General of Railroads." The immediate result of 
Ibis action will be the unifying nf the various lines' into one 
harmonious system, with the maximum amount of efficiency 
in all phases of the transportation business. It is an under- 
taking so enormous as to stagger the conception of experi- 
enced railroad men, even, and yet all feel assured that our be- 
loved President lias not entered upon this task without a thor- 
ough study of the problem in all its phases. His words to this 
effect are reassuring: "A great national necessity dictated the 
action I was not at liberty to abstain from it." It is antici- 
of freight shipments will be greatly 

pated that the nine 
accelerated, which, 
he most acceptable 

of the existing coal shortage will 

each of these was originally obtained, and restitutio 
accordingly. A plan of that sort- may be made to serve a very 
useful purpose, reminding every householder of his duty to 
relurn borrowed articles at the first opportunity. But wc are 
thinking of a far wider application that might be made most 
profitably. Many of us have liad little differences of opinion, 
—wholly trivial as we admit— with our brother or sister. In- 
stead of having these matters adjusted, we often carry the 
grievance around with us. though the offending member 
: than willing to accept our statement and make 

the ha 

old be 




' Takc-It-Back- 

of autocratic military 
the United States, mi 
will make the world 

cistent befor 
ns to shape itself, the Teutonic na- 

two are assuming augmented pro- 
hoped that the people of Germany 
selves by demanding an elimination 
rule, so that the Allies, together with 
y enter upon peace negotiations that 
lafe for principles of democracy. 


in the spiritual realn 

Opportunities That Beckon 
During the recent week of exceptionally and unexpect- 
edly cold weather, many poor people in our cities were 
found totally unprepared for the frigid blasts. Many and 
harrowing are the stories related by the daily press of 
ine and even death, that followed in 

the sickne 


,vake of the 


fact that the 


linded of the 
numerous, of 



are literally without hop. 
Hungry mothers, 
clad children— tfr 


in be found people who 
thout God in the world. 
i, consumptive men, 511— 
qually wretched, 


—struggle for existence. Such peopl 
they merely exist and cringe. We, 
— more favorably situated, a 
towards these unfortunate 

lly live- 
Lord's people, 
e,— surely have a duty- 
children of the same 

the Sunday-School 
We are in receipt of an inquiry as to the latest and best 
methods of inculcating a missionary spirit upon the Sunday- 
school. Various plans have been suggested, but upon a close 
study of the problem we give the following, as means to that 
end: (1) Let there be a pronounced missionary atmosphere. 
Let it permeate the prayers, the songs, the opening and clos- 
ing remarks and the lesson recitation,— judiciously and tact- 
fully, of course. (2) Study the Bible as a missionary book. 
Many of the lessons naturally lend themselves to that treat- 
ment, but there is scarcely a lesson that will not, in some way, 
suggest missionary seed-thoughts to the earnest teacher. (3) 
Let there be occasional reference to missionary biography and 
history. The great missionary truths of the Bible are better 
understood if they are supplemented by the exemplifications 
of the latter-day apostles— the men and women who preach 
Christ and him crucified to a sin-stricken world. (4) A course 
of mission study for teachers. This is imperative, for no one 
can impart information that he does not possess. Every teach- 
er, worthy of the name, should have ample missionary knowl- 

versal of the usual 
A young t 

A Christmas That Was Worth While 
In a recent issue of the " Christian Standard " a ' 
scribes at length an observance of Chrisl 
unusual,— being such because it was the 
order of things. Briefly stated it was th 
and his wife, stationed in a rather unpromising field of labor, 
were somehow impressed with the thought that this years 
observance of Christmas should not be devoted wholly to 
the "nearest" and "dearest." but reach out. rather, to the 
"farthest" and " undearest." First, on Christinas morning, 
they paid a visit to a lonely slmt-in, seldom reached by others, 
and somewhat neglected because she lived m an oal-oM«ff 
way place Next the pastor's car stopped at the humble abode 
of a crippled boy, and here, as at the other place, a Jl"*" 
cheer was left behind that could not be mistaken A hum d 
,nd again the car was loaded with sundry parcel . 
among them a basket containing essentials 
nner on a liberal scale. This time the pastor 
■', aiming (or the abode of a shiftless family, 
hout the community as "those awful Dawsons^ 
« task, perhaps, to begin with, but one that pati 
When, four hours later, the pastor and wife left 
ons they felt that something really worth while had 
.mplished, and that the future looked promising for 
,e pastor and wife were self-invited guests at the 
bachelor, a pessimist of darkest hue, and an ob- 
of the best efforts the pastor had hitherto made. 
»i„.«> V>s but when at a late hour 
Did it take courage to B o *^?-™J™ t iend had been 

Zl love each other better, if we knew each other more. 
Oh. for more of the real Christmas spirit! 

trip ho, 

the Daws, 

supper the pastor 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 



SpIo-(<-«] by Alia M. Oldham, Brooklyn, N. V. 
Since sen-ice is the highest lot, 

And all arc in one body bound, 
In all the world the place is not 

Which may not with this hlis* be cro\ 
The sufferer on the bed of pain 

Need not be laid aside from this; 
But for each kindness gives again 

"This joy of doing kindnesses." 
The poorest may enrich this feast, 

Not one lives only to receive; 
But renders through the hands of Christ 

Richer returns than man can give. 
The little child, in trustful glee, 

With love and gladness brimming o'er, 
Many a cup of ministry 

May for the weary veteran pour. 
The lonely glory of ; 

akc that a stepping-; 


This, by the ministries of prayer, 

The loneliest life with blessings croW( 
Can consecrate each petty care, 

Make angels' ladders out of clouds. 
Nor serve we only when we gird 

Our hearts for special ministry; 
That creature best has ministered, 

Which is what it was meant to be. 
Birds, by their chants, their Maker bles: 

By simply shining, sun and star; 
And we, whose law is love, serve less 

By what we do than what we arc. 
Since service is the highest lot. 

And angels know no higher bliss, 
Then with what good her cup is fraught 

Who was created but for this. 

The Girl and the Boy 


Boys and girls romped and played all through the 
years straight into youth and girlhood. Even in high 
school they did not know that the gay, care-free friend- 
ship might develop into something different. Sally 
and Gaylord had always been the best of friends, 
chums,— ready for any fun or frolic the others might 

The two sat by the library table. " Miss Marvin's 
a peach. She makes me like history ; no other teacher 
ever attempted that." 

" We girls all work hard for her. Now about these 
experiments in chemistry, — I failed to get them. Could 
you loan me your notebook ? " 

"Sure thing. I've got them all, an' you can work 
them out for tomorrow's test." 

Neither of them noticed Ray, Sally's brother, until he 
spoke : " Huh ! Looks like two's a company !" 

Sally tried not to notice him. But whenever he could 
do so, he grimaced behind Gaylord's back. He strode 
around the room, picking up Gaylord's hat and throw- 
ing it into the air. He was trying to worry Sally, — 
to tease her. 

Sally said nothing about this to her mother. She 
hardly understood just why she felt so humiliated to 
have Ray, a boy of thirteen, behave like that. It hurt, 
—that was all. 

After Gaylord happened to be (here several even- 
ings. Sally's father said: " I don't see why that young 
galoot hangs around here so much. I am not going to 
stand for him. D'ye hear? You're nothing but a 
child yourself!" 

Sally's eyes filled with tears of resentment. At that 
moment she hated her father. She hadn't thought 
about being anything more than a child. Why should 
he say those things? The friendly interest she and 
Gaylord had in each other became a thing to be 
shunned or avoided. At the very least, all the fun, 
the sparkle, the gayety, were gone ; she could not enjoy 
his friendly calls after father and Ray had said many 
things like this. 

And where was mother? Well, she was right 
there. She thought that all boys of thirteen teased 

their sisters, and it was queer for Sally to be so touchy 
about a little fun. She was so busy about the house 
that she often forgot that Sally might need her. Long 
ago she lost the way to Sally's heart. Her affections 
were overgrown with kitchen cares and small duties. 
Now her father really did not want to wound her feel- 
ings. He was only thinking that no man was good 
enough for Sally, and thus he explosively said more 
than he intended ; he meant well. 

The pity of it is that Sally was hurt cruelly by this 
treatment. Gaylord never became her lover. When 
lovers came, she had nothing to say to her parents. 
She went her way alone; she kept her own counsel; 
she did not have the joy of talking over the coming of 
her fairy prince with her mother. They missed the 
joy of traveling hand in hand through a little world of 
romance, and wandering there for awhile. 

Some mothers say : " Oh, my daughter is only a 
child yet; she never gives a thought to such things! " 
The girl may, even then, be thinking often of some 
boy whom she meets and admires. When the girl 
asks: "Isn't Jim handsome, mother?" — you want to 
agree enthusiastically and say; "He surely is hand- 
some and will make a fine man some day." As the 
girl relates stories of what Jim has done and said, you 
want to tell her that you are glad they are good 
friends, and enjoy happy times together. If you so 
lake Jim into your home and your friendship, there is 
little likelihood of any trouble arising from it. You 
have your daughter's confidence, and together you 
meet some of the most important events in her life 
quietly, sweetly, understanding!}'. 

How dare parents leave a girl unprotected through 
the period when the boys begin to linger in the hall 
and by the garden gate? What have your years of ex- 
perience been worth? Nothing if you let your chil- 
dren suffer for your own shortcomings. Every moth- 
er should know that it is a crime to speak to her 
daughter in a way she would not speak to any one else. 
If she scolds and questions only because she is the 
mother, and the daughter is in her power, she loses the 
most precious thing they have in common, — that re- 
spect which every loving mother and daughter have 
for each other. 

What a blessing to be permitted to look at the world 
through your daughter's fairy spectacles! Surely 
we can not grow- old in heart while this girl is ours ! 
She is full of joy, of life, of happiness in simple 
things. Mere association with her sharpens in us the 
power to enjoy. Keep your little girl earnest, truthful 
and unselfish, by keeping thus yourself. Do not let 
the world come between you. Make that little place 
around the library table the sweetest in the world for 
her. There you listen and appreciate and approve. 
She soon knows whether any one is so ready to be in- 
terested as mother. 

Then bring all the young life possible into your own 
home. Make the boys and girls so welcome that they 
will love tcucome. Make possible, the small pleasures 
your purse can afford. You will receive compound 
interest on this outlay. The boy and girl problem in 
your home is a problem no longer if love rules, and 
common scense holds sway". 
C-ovington, Ohio. 

A Little Sister 

Chapter Three 

Somehow, as the days passed, Margaret Anne and 
Mildred watched for each other, but they only smiled 
back and forth unless the dressmaker had an errand 
for the child to do. She noticed how the child's face 
lighted when there was an errand, and the look of dis- 
appointment when there was none, so she saved all 
her errands for her. 

She wondered whether she ought to invite the child 
to stop and eat dinner with her some day. She 
thought : " She looks so thin and hungry." Then she 
thought: "Pshaw! How do I know she's hungry? 
Perhaps she's thin because she's growing fast. I'm 
just getting sentimental again. I must watch myself." 

But, somehow, such thoughts made her uncomfor- 
table, and in a short while she found herself thinking; 

" I wonder whether I ought to move and leave her, 
when she enjoys the errands and the doll so much? 
But, goodness me! What am I thinking about, again? 
How foolish to think of not moving, but staying and . 
enduring all this noise for the sake of a ragged little 
girl who has no claim on me whatever. Yes, I'm go- 
ing to move," she thought, " and when she stops in 
the morning, I'll tell her." 

But Margaret Anne didn't sleep well that night. 
She wondered whether the child would care that 
she moved. Yes, she was sure she'd care. The for- 
lorn child's face haunted her. She hardly knew why 
she rose earlier than usual that morning, but she was 
determined to move and she wanted to tell the child, 
for she was anxious to have it over. 

As she sat at the window sewing she found herself 
casting glances up the street. When at last the little 
scantily-dressed figure came in sight, she laid her sew- 
ing aside, and when the child came to the window, the 
dressmaker opened the door, and said: " Come in." 

Mildred came smiling into the room. Somehow her 
shoes looked more ragged and her dress shabbier than 
ever. " Mother is so busy she can't take time to patch 
my dress," said the child, apologetically. Margaret 
Anne pitied her, but she gathered a bundle of silk and 
velvet patches and gave them to the child and said: 
" You may keep them to remember me by. I'm going 
to move." Mildred's lips became colorless and she 
said: "I don't understand." Margaret Anne repeat- 
ed : " You may keep the patches to remember me by. 
I'm going to move away from here." 

The child pressed her hands tightly together and a 
look of distress came into her eyes. Then she stood 
and looked at the carpet for a minute. Margaret Anne 
felt something of the struggle the child was enduring 
to remain calm. Soon she lifted her tearless but 
smarting eyes to Margaret Anne and said : " Thank 
you for these patches, but I'm sorry you're going to 
move. I must go now." Then she went out the door 
and was quickly out of sight. 

Margaret Anne went back to her work, but sewing 
was an overwhelming burden. The sad, lonely little 
figure hovered before her mental vision. Her thoughts 
went back to past years. She had had a little sister, 
but God took her when she was about the size of this 
little girl. She had dearly loved her sister. She could 
yet hear the sweet, confiding voice and the merry peals 
of laughter. She knew she would have been broken- 
hearted if her sister had lived and was today cold and 
ragged and hungry, and " left out." Suddenly a sen- 
tence from the Sacred Volume came to her mind, — 
words she read in one of her " moods " : " All ye are 
brethren." Strange she had forgotten it. 

Impulsively she arose and took the Bible from the 
shelf and by chance it opened at Matthew 23 and she 
began reading. She read to the eighth verse ; then she 
stopped a minute. Then she read and reread : " But 
be ye not called Rabbi : for one is your teacher, and all 
ye are brethren." A sudden hush overwhelmed her 
spirit. Then a feeling of gratitude and responsibility 
welled up in her heart. " If all are brethren," she 
thought, " this lonely child, whose happiness so 
strangely lies in my hands, is my little sister." She 
wondered whether a kind Providence had directed the 
child to her door. She read the next verse: " And call 
no man your father on the earth : for one is your Fa- 
ther, even he who is in heaven." She thought : "Truly 
my Loving Father is this child's Loving Father, too." 

She read on : " Neither be ye called masters : for one 
is your Master, even the Christ. But he that is great- 
est among you shall be your srvant." A thrill of joy 
that she could not understand gripped her. She was 
not going to move. She would stay and serve her sis- 
ter. She would make her happy. She no longer en- 
vied the rich their fine clothes, or their money, or their 
pleasures. She realized that the truest joys are found 
in doing our Father's will. She returned the Bible to 
its place on the shelf and went back to her sewing. 
The tumult that had tossed her soul was calmed, and 
sewing was a pleasure. She would be a friend to the 
friendless. She was almost startled as the words: 
"There is a Friend that sticketh closer than a brother," 
came forcibly to her mind. 

The scenes of the day so long ago when she gave 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 

her heart to God and united with the church, came 
vividly to her memory. Tears came unbidden to her 
eyes and the fact was impressed indelibly on her mind 
that God watched over her and cared for her through 
the years of her rebellion to him. She fell on her 
knees and renewed her covenant with the Faithful One. 
Then as she cut and stitched away, she thought of the 
many, many homeless, friendless children eking out an 
existence of privation, and sorrow and hunger, and 
cold in uninhabitable tenements. And whose is the 
sin? Are we not all responsible for our share in be- 
friending them? The ciy of these helpless ones goes 
up to God and he expects his more favored children 
to yield themselves as instruments in his hands to min- 
ister to their needs. We stand in God's place. 

In the midst of her meditations the sad, familiar face 
appeared at the window. It seemed to Margaret Anne 
that the face was more sorrowful and wan than ever. 
She quickly cast her sewing aside, stepped to the door, 
opened it and smiled at Mildred. The pretty curves 
were faintly outlined on her lips. Then she went out 
and, taking the child by the hand, she gently led her 
into the house. Then' she said: "Guess what good 
news I have to tell you." 

" I suppose you are going to give the doll to me," 
said Mildred. 

•' No, better than that," said Margaret Anne. 
" Guess again." 

But Mildred could think of nothing better that 
might possibly come to her, so the dressmaker said: 
" I'm not going to move. I'm going to live right here 
and be your big sister, if you'll let-me." 

The child looked earnestly into her face for a min- 
ute. Then it dawned on her mind that it surely meant 
happiness to have a dressmaker for her sister. Sud- 
denly she flung her arms around Margaret Anne's 
neck and exclaimed : " Oh, I'm so glad to have you for 
my sister, and I'll love you and be good to you, like 
I am to my mother who works so hard to pay the 
rent and buy clothes and food and coal." Tears came 
to Margaret Anne's eyes, as the two talked and talked, 
— they had so many things to tell each other. 

They had created a little loving world of their own 
and they meant to extend it far and wide. 

Finally the dressmaker said : " Now, run home, for 
your mother will be expecting you, and ask your moth- 
er if you can't stop with me for supper. And tell her 
to come too. We'll have fried beef, gravy, mashed 
potatoes, biscuits, butter, and canned peaches." 

The happy girl clapped her hands and exclaimed: 
" Goody, goody, I know mother'll say : ' Yes.' " 

After she had gone, Margaret Anne sat down and 
counted up her checks, notes and bills. " Only twen- 
ty-five dollars more," she thought, " then I'll have the 
four thousand dollars. I'll pay Mr. Goodrich and the 
stain will be wiped out. Then I'll earn money to edu- 
cate my little sister. I'll send her to one of our own 
church schools." 

R. D. 2, Ashland, Ohio. 



Last Sunday our services were of more than usual in- 
terest. Bro. Brown Miller gave us a report of the Anti- 
Saloon League Convention, held at Washington, D. C. 
Bro. Miller has been a speaker for the League for sever- 
al years, and has become a proficient advocate of its cause. 
While at the Convention, he took notes of some of the ad- 
dresses, which he gave to us in an interesting and in- 
structive manner. He was impressed with the number of 
aged people present, and with the messages they gave. 
Our people were wellrepresented. 

In the evening we had an earnest and enthusiastic dis- 
course by Bro. T. T. Myers, from the text: "Thy King- 
dom Come." He showed conclusively that this is a king- 
dom of peace, and that its subjects will not fight nor en- 
gage in warfare. He referred to the text: "He that hath 
no sword, let him sell his garment and buy one," and they 
said: "Lord, behold here are two swords." Christ said 
unto them: " It is enough." The disciples did not procure 
swords in defense against their enemies, as it is not 
likely that two of them would go armed, and the rest 
of the company without weapons. And yet the Master 
said: "It is enough." The reason for the Savior's lan- 
guage was given by citations from a, number of different 

tors. In short, Bro. Myers showed that the New 
Testament does not favor war, and the kingdom to which 
we belong is one of peace. 

We are sorry to learn that some of our young men are 
not as deeply rooted in the New Testament doctrine of 
nonresistance as they ought to be. We suppose that, dur- 
ing the years of peace, it has not been taught as it should 
have been. This shows the importance of teaching all 
the Gospel. It should be so taught that its principles 
become part of the life. Then there would be no fall- 
ing away when the trying time comes. 

Huntingdon, Pa., Dec. 22. J. B. Brumbaugh. 


[The letter given below is by an aged brother. James La Per- 
sonne, who lives In Bulsar, India, and Is deeply interested in the 
work of til© Lord. His life Is mi inspiration to all with whom 
he comes in contact. Ills loiter tom-hitigly refers to the funeral 
of Sister Knylor, and we publish It: In the hope that It niav bring 
comfort to her many friend s.-Ed.] 

The year 1917 has been a blessed realization of the 
power of God to his. children in the manifestation of his 
Spirit. God has heard the prayers of his saints who have 
consecrated their lives to his service. While all mourn, 
yet there is joy. Some, who have been taken away from 
their life partners, are waiting to welcome them to the 
home prepared by the Father. Others have found a Sav- 
ior and decided to live a new life. Among the English- 
speaking people of Bulsar the Gospel has been faithfully 
delivered, and the cross upheld. Surely the harvest must 
be gathered in. 

I have heard people say that they appreciated the fu- 
neral service. The only regret was that it was so short, 
as everything was so nice and appropriate. There is joy 
in heaven tonight, I am sure. One is with the angels 
above and others have found a -Savior. Most of those 
that were in the church, I believe, have decided to follow 
Jesus faithfully. 

A memorable and never-to-be-forgotten Oct. 24, 1917. 
It is recorded in heaven. There was not a dry eye in the 
audience that had gathered to honor Sister Kaylor. The 
presence of the Holy Spirit was there. Amen. 

Dear brother, we want the Pentecostal outpouring more 
and more for our battle with the world. We must plunge 
into the Fountain filled with blood and be clean, without 
a spot. Alleluia, glory to God, Amen I J. La Personne. 

Bulsar, India, Oct. 24. 


The thirteenth annual Sunday-school Convention of the 
Church of the Brethren in Southern Idaho met at the 
Fruitland church, Nov. 29. The meeting was called to or- 
der by Bro. S. S. Neher, retiring president. After a short, 
inspiring talk, he called on Bro. J. E. Shamberger to read 
the opening Scripture. Bro. J. H. Graybill, of Nampa, 
then led in prayer. The address of welcome was ably 
given by Bro. J. E. Shamberger and responded to by Bro. 
J. H. Graybill, of Nampa. After the enrollment of dele- 
gates and election of officers for the succeeding year, the 
program of the day was begun. 

Bro. S. S. Neher was the first speaker. His subject was, 
"The Sunday-school's Attitude Toward Thanksgiving." 
He emphasized the many reasons we have for being 
thankful now. Never before has there been such a gold- 
en opportunity for work in the Sunday-school. 

Bro. H. G. Shank on "The Relation of the Sunday- 
school to Missions" brought out very forcibly the close 
relation existing between the two. A live Sunday-school 
is, of necessity, a missionary Sunday-school. The teach- 
ers must thoroughly acquaint themselves with present-day 
missionary needs. Otherwise they can not arouse needed 
enthusiasm to aid this cause. 

On the subject of "The Relation of Our Bible Schools 
and Colleges to Missions," Bro. J. Betts, of Nampa, em- 
phasized that the vital relation is oftentimes lost because 
there is not enough missionary teaching in the State col- 
leges and other schools, hence our young people should 
be encouraged to go to our own Bible Schools and col- 
leges. In these colleges our missionaries are trained, as 
well as our most prominent church workers. A true Chris- 
tian always has a missionary spirit. Those who can not 
go to the fields themselves, should realize their duty to 
support these schools in every way, in order that more 
missionaries may be trained for the work that is calling so 
strongly today. Parents should realize their duty and en- 
courage their children to attend these colleges if it is at 
all possible. 

Bro. W. O. Beckner, Field Secretary for McPherson 
College, was present at the meeting and was asked to 
talk further on his subject. The majority of children are 
carefully guarded from childhood until about fourteen 
years of age. From the age of fourteen to twenty this 
training on the higher ideals of life seems to stop, and 
they are allowed to drift on in their own way. This "teen 
age" is the time when every influence should be thrown 
around the boy or girl, in order that the right sort of 
character may be developed. They should be encouraged 
to go on to college, when high school is finished, for in 
college they will prepare themselves for real life. In col- 
lege they meet noble men and women who inspire them 
to give their own lives in service for others. Life is, after 

all, simply a grand opportunity to serve others. Such an 
influence in a young life can not be overestimated. 

Every one proved to be very much interested in the 
next number on the program, for the ladies of the Fruit- 
land congregation served a bountiful Thanksgiving din- 
ner in the basement of the church. A pleasant social hour 
was enjoyed, after which the meeting was again called 

Bro. S. J. Kenepp, from Payette, then spoke on "The 
Needs of the Hour Among Teachers and Officers." Punc- 
tuality is the essential quality for a teacher and officer. 
It is a great encouragement to the students to be prompt 

The teacher must be tactful and resourceful. He must 
study the needs of his class both individually and collect- 
ively, so as to be able to present the lesson in a live and 
interesting way. This will enable the pupils to apply the 
lesson in a practical way to their own lives. 

Sister Emma Parriott, of Weiser, then spoke on "The 
Needs of the Hour Among Students." We need to study 
more fully the Sunday-school Textbook, the Bible. Many 
teachers arc not able to discuss, intelligently, the different 
Bible topics that come up during the class hour. This is 
a failing that all should strive to overcome. Frequently 
students do not know how to pray. They have never been 
taught the power of prayer and its necessity in every 
Christian's life. 

Sister Parriott also brought up the subject of " Graded 
Lessons," emphasizing their benefits. They are edited so 
that the little minds can grasp the thought easily. Dur- 
ing childhood character is molded and every good device 
should be used to aid in its development. 

In the discussion that followed this topic, many practi- 
cal thoughts were given. We do not realize fully, per- 
haps, the great need for trained workers. Officers often 
fail to see their duty and opportunity, for they do not 

Teachers must be chosen carefully, preferably by the 
Sunday-school boards. A corps of strong, efficient teach- 
ers is one of the main factors in a wide-awake school. 

Bro. Harvey Hostctlcr then gave a very interesting sur- 
vey of the Sunday-school's activity in Chicago. He told 
of their methods of conducting classes and mission points, 
which gave many new ideas to those present. If Sunday- 
schools are conducted in departments, it is possible to use 
material adapted especially to the different ages. Teach- 
ers' consecration meetings are a source of much inspira- 
tion and help to all concerned. He also told of the work 
of the Chinese Sunday-school, the various mission points 
and centers for relief work. 

Bro. J. H. Graybill, of Nampa, talked on "The Regula- 
tion of the Study Period." A teacher need have no special 
time to study, but should always be acquainted with the 
subject, and study how to bring the lesson before the class 
in the most helpful way. He must know the environment 
and character of each member of his class, so that he can 
more fully understand the needs of all. He must contin- 
ually strive to make his work more effective. Teachers 
can find many little fragments of time in which to study 
these problems. 

The writer gave a short talk on " Establishing Sunday- 
schools in Isolated Places." Many of these places have 
so few facilities that they lose what spirit they formerly 
had, and are content to drift along, letting their religion 
grow colder all the time. It is often very hard to stir up 
enough enthusiasm to organize. One must be thoroughly 
acquainted, so that the pupils may realize that the teach- 
er has their welfare in view. If one gets the cooperation 
of the mothers, and thereby gets the children interested, 
the way is usually open. 

After the organization is completed, every effort should 
be made to keep up the interest. The Sunday-schools in 
the well-established churches can help much by sending 
small picture cards, Sunday-school papers and various 
other helps to the isolated schools. Sometimes ministers 
can be secured to hold services. Again the young people 
from the towns near by may be influenced to give special 
programs. All these aid greatly in holding the interest 
of the people. The need of this work is great in our own 
State. It is estimated that eighty-five per cent of the chil- 
dren in Idaho are not in Sunday-school. This certainly 
opens a large field of service to us. 

Bro. J. C. Himler, of Kimberly, was unable to be pres- 
ent, so his paper was read. He wrote of the "Needs of 
the Hour Among Teachers." He emphasized the fact that 
the teacher must allow the Spirit to work completely in 
his life, and that only by prayer and constant effort can he 
gain the results of service. 

Bro. G. G. Bollinger, of Fruitland, then conducted the 
Round Table. The subject of "Graded Lessons" proved 
very helpful. They are in use in several of our churches 
and have proved very successful, for they exactly fit the 
children's needs. Many interesting points were given on 
"Music in the Sunday-school." The main idea was that 
suitable songs should be selected for each Sunday's les- 
son. This promotes and develops the truths gained dur- 
ing the study hour. The children must be given their part 
by allowing them to sing their special songs. 

Much stress was laid on punctuality, for a lack of it is 
always a disturbance and retards interest. 
(Continued on Pag© 14) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 


Oct. 17 was the homecoming date of the Crumpackers. 
Wc had received a telegram on Monday that they would 
arrive on Thursday, the eighteenth, but on Wednesday 
morning, about ten o'clock, wc received another telegram, 
stating that they would arrive that day. Of course, the 
news spread like wildfire, so to speak, foi all the Chinese 
Christians and friends were anxiously awaiting their 

The Chinese have a very nice custom of receiving their 
friends, or bidding farewell to them, as the case may be. 
They always think it proper to go a long way to meet a 
friend, or to escort him quite a ways if he is leaving. So 
there was some rushing around, as it was only two hours 
then till train time, and the distance of fifteen " li " (five 
English miles) must he covered by foot, between here 
and the railroad station. 

A number of t^ic Christians and schoolboys went over to 



the big temple— about half way from here to the station. 
Mrs. Obcrholtzcr. the writer, and the children were the 
only foreigners here to welcome them. Wc accompanied 
the schoolgirls and sonic of the women outside the west- 
gate of the city. When the party came up. the girls sang 
songs of welcome for both Brother and Sister Crum- 
packer. In the city, along the street at different places, 
were several of the women, who, because of their little 
feet, were not able to walk farther. All these people 
greeted our returning missionaries with gladness and 
hearts overflowing with joy. 

Sister Crumpacker spoke of the contrast between this 
coming to Ping Ting and the first time they' came, in 
1910. This time they were greeted by loving friends all 
along the way; the other time.— about seven and one-half 
years ago, — people were afraid of them and ran into their 
houses, closing the doors behind them" when they saw 
them coming. During these intervening years, Brother 
and Sister Crumpacker and Frantz have made many warm 
friends among this people, and they certainly had a warm 
welcome when they came back to their home. 

The Chinese brethren had planned a big feast in their 
honor, which is also a custom of the Chinese, but as our 
Annual Conference was in session at Liao Chou,— the oth- 
er foreigners from here, having left just two days before, 
— Brother and Sister Crumpacker and Frantz planned to go 
tn Liao to the Conference. So, the next morning— Thurs- 
day, — they were on their way to Liao, arriving there on 
Saturday evening. This three days' donkey trip was 
quite a contrast to riding in your automobiles, which easily 
travel this distance in two or three hours. 

Upon their return to Ping Ting, the Chinese brethren 
gave a reception for them. First there was a big feast in the 
Boys' School dining-room, in which forty-four partici- 
pated. Then there was a devotional service in the church. 
There were speeches from several of the Chinese and then 
from Brother and Sister Crumpacker, after which tea 
was served to all present, and a social time enjoyed. 

Bro. Obcrholtzcr met the Crumpackers, as well as the 
new missionaries, at Tientsin. Brother and Sister Crum- 
packer and Frantz came direct to Ping Ting, while he re- 
mained several days, to see the new missionaries located 
aitd started in the Language School at Peking. They arc 
happy in their work there. 

Brother and Sister Crumpacker arc happy to be back at 
their work. And while the Chinese are exceedingly glad 
to have them back, we foreigners arc equally as glad, so 
there is gladness all around. Susie Vaniman. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi. China. 

According to previous arrangements I started Dec. 13 for 
Petersburg and Camp Lee. I found our brethren and 
friends generally well. Three were in the hospital, some- 
what ill. One brother is in the barrack with la grippe. 
I had arranged to baptize two young men. One was bap- 
tized; the other is now in the hospital, but will be bap- 
tized later. The brethren in the detention camp arc doing 
fine. The snow has given them a fine opportunity to catch 
a nice lot of rabbits. They have Bible classes and a peri- 
od for Bible stories and prayer service. They arc, as we 
think, doing a good work along this line. 

These brethren are very earnest in saying with Gen. 
Kuhn. Commander-in-charge of Camp Meade, that there is 
no such thing as absolute noncombatant service under 
military control, and they certainly do not believe in mil- 
itarism. They do not mean to be slackers at all, however, 
and therefore are improving the time as if in school, 
with splendid instructors. May the Lord abundantly bless 
them! They are also very much intercstccLin the Special 
Conference of Jan. 9. 

Since returning home. I received a letter, stating that 
one young brother in Camp has been ordered to take the 
drill. This, according to Secretary Baker's statement, is 
not required. I hope we may soon be able to have him 
released. It appears to us that almost daily some one 
needs to be in Camp, to aid our boys. Will wc come to 
their rescue? This, of course, takes means and time. The 
fathers and mothers of the drafted men are anxious that 
their boys receive the much needed help. We pray God 
to bless the Camp visitants in their great work. These 

R. D. 1, Box 66. Ca 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Seated in my comfortable, roohi on Thanksgiving Day, my 
mind was occupied with many things. One of the uppermost 
thoughts was : Have we respected the Proclamation of the 
President of our beloved land, who has set apart one day in 
each year to be observed as a day of general thanksgiving? 
Were any of our church doors closed on that special day, and 
our minds occupied with the cares of s this life, not regarding 
the rulers of our land as we are taught in the Scriptures? 

If ever there was a time when our lives should be given to 
consecrated prayer, it is right now. Think of the multiplied 
thousands who feel the pangs of hunger and starvation, and 
arc only pleading for enough to keep soul and body together, 
while wc arc blessed with plenty and to spare! Can wc sit 

out even sending up a petition to God. the Giver of all things, 
in behalf of suffering humanity, destitute of food and cloth- 
ing through the cruel hand of war? Have our hearts been 
closed to their cry. and arc their prayers unheeded? 

Dear reader, this is" for you to answer. Let each one of us 
deny ourselves of some luxury and let us lay by as God has 
prospered us, to be used as the Lord may direct. The crisis 
that has come upon other nations may soon have to he faced 
I iv ns. Wc, too. may cry and not be heard. 

Junes Mills. Pa., Nov. 30. Mary A. Nedrow. 


church met in 

Knnil:iy-s<'hnnl superintendent : 

ir services. Last Sunday one dear 
Thanksgiving Dny we had an ntl- 
is taken for the Red Cross and for 


I. 'II 

■it.-,, tin 

' Glenn 

15, nt 10 A. M„ 
Inc. Bro. Yount 


■rcsted, will plensi 

department; the writer, "Mess 

nrlnn Smith. Raisin, Col.. Dee. 18. 

der. Bro. Blocher, in charge. Four let- 

lelp. One more ram 

Id e<,ri 

J der; 

. I L ■ ■ 1 .1 



Today wc read much about conservation of food and every- 
thing thai goes to make life more pleasant in this beautiful 
world in which God has placed us. If everyone had learned 
the lesson of economy and retained it, and had been consider- 
ate in passing on the idea, this generation would today more 
fully understand its meaning. There would be less need of 
reminding the nation of needed economy. 

Those who passed through the Civil War days, learned les- 
sons of economy to which the world is a stranger. Prices 
were far higher than today. Coffee sold at $1 a pound and 
calico was SO cents a yard. Those were trying days. The good 
housewives resorted to every expedient to cut down expenses. 
No luxuries were thought of, only real necessities were con- 
sidered. If the same rigid rule were practiced now, what a 
difference it would make! 

I am grateful that the Church of the Brethren fosters the 
old-time ideas of saving. The dear mothers in Israel left a 
legacy to their daughters that is of great value. It is well to 
avoid every needless expenditure, — theaters, picture-shows. 
church-fairs, box-socials, gum-chewing and the tobacco habit. 
All these arc things that do not conserve life and personal well- 
being. Wc should refrain from things that do not make us 
better citizens of our Gove/nmeut, and fit us for our citizen- 
ship in the world to come. 

The Master taught ns to conserve the fragments that noth- 
ing be lost. This should he our motto in these strenuous days 
when the war shadows arc gathering around us. 

Alaniogortlo, N. Mex. Jennie Stephens Fulton. 


Cnlnrndo Springs. — On Thanksgiving D;i 
service nt the Methodist Hiurch. On 1 1 ■ ■ 

offering, nnd nil 

.Timet ion. Cn\<i , nee. 


Boys, I often think of you and remember you in my 
prayers. Every now and then I find a scripture that makes 
me think of you and I wish I could hand it to you. 

I was just reading in the " Sunday Schoal Times," and 
was made to think of you again. The thought suggested 
itself that the " Messenger " be the medium, so here is a 
word from Ridgway: "What Hamilton Evans does over 
at the open-hearths with pig iron, Jesus Christ does with 
pig men. Jesus changes the pig nature to saint nature. 
. . . He boils us and boils us until we have our impurities 
in the cinder or up the stack and he can look into the 
golden luster of us and see his face. But who ever enjoys 
the refining process! ... If old Mr. Pig could talk, you 
might hear him cry: ' Now, you Ham Evans, let me alone! ' 
Some of you, right now, may be having a ' pretty hot 
time of it' in the refining process. Just remember that 
you are being made into— oh, well, — it may be boiler 
plate at sixty dollars a ton or it may be watch springs at 
sixty, hundred dollars a ton. -Just, praise the Lord you 
are in the Refiner's hand." (See Mai. 3:^, 3; Isa. 48: 10; 
Zcch. 13: 9.) 

It is very inspiring to sec the firm stand many of you 
are taking against becoming a part of the war machine- 
refusing even to do " noncombatanr service." I heartily 
agree with the officers who say there is no such service. 
What a pity that the church did not make that declara- 
tion! May wc all recognize it now! I praise God for 
modern Daniels, Shadrachs. Meshachs and Abednegos. 
Yes, boys, " our God whom we serve is able." I am glad 
that you are trusting him. " Praise him for his wonderful 
works to the children of men!" Wm. K. Conner. 

546 South Seventeenth Street. Harrisburg, Pa., Dec. 22- 

day eveninc. Dee. 23. Althmiirl. the uvath-r ":i- iiiele,ne„i. fher 
was a cood attendance nnd interest.— Norn K. Zimmerman, Row 

Reports from 1 
him In 

by the clerl 

nc- that Hn 

li nml elnsses derided to use the money. 

(TeriiiL- Armenians nnd Syrians. The to- 
We feel thnj our girls nnd hoys have 
! Christmas spirit. The primary classes 

presence and faithful work.— Neil Sites, 
unell on the evening of Dee. 14. Owing 

■ nf nee. 1ft the Mission Hand of M*. Mor- 

leedy, if necessary— June Staiifier, Polo. 111., Dec. 


Camp (reck church met in council Dec. 15, with our elder, Bm. 

How do professors of religion appear in the sight of 
God and the heavenly host who are constantly saying-: 
" Lord, Lord," and yet are unwilling to make as great a- 
sacrifice to bring lost souls back to God, and to lay up 
treasures in heaven, as they are to gain worldly honor, ifldl 
lay up treasures on earth? 

to have Christian "Workers - Meetings, Bro. fieorpe Hummel ^ 
ehosen president. Sister Winnie Crtpe was with us on the <*v 
Inir of Nov. 22 and gave a verv interesting talk. An offering i 
k. Bro. Hiram Forney 
ntrs nt this plnee, cloi _ 

, Etna 


Word with power.— Mina 

ty Church er, 

.... .-.jmpin. of Pok. 

three weeks. Twenty accepted Chrlut during these meetings. A 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 

anlfested. Slsl 

s'ot. 24, to cull a 
istry. Bro. Win. Brnbnker was chosen to help 
vork. Dec. 2 Bro. W. E. Ovcrholser, or the 
, Winona, I ml., began n series of meetings with 
ii.— the remodeling of the church having been 
confessed Christ and more are near the King- 
was grently benefited by Bro. Overholser's 
Florence H. Garber, It. D. 3, Box S2, Goshen, 

let In council Dec. 22, with Eld. E. N. Goshorn 
rions committees of the late District Meeting 

—We met in council on the evening of Dec. 15. The 

ventlier kept many away. Mister Winnie Ryan was 
nteiideut for the coming year. We organized a 
kers' Meeting, to begin the first Sunday of the new 
rpenler was chosen president. Bro. Lewis preached 

We agreed to be governed by DIs- 
ruing the Peace Committee; nlso to 
nlng yenr by the assessment plan, 
jnal property are to bo taxed n cer-. 
e for this work Is Brethren J. K. 
S. Benl and W. C. Enfield. Bro. D. 
I Sister 
t.— Ann 

ly-scliool had a Christinas proirniin, which was Interesting. - 
, M. Baughmnn, 310 Pocahontas Street. S. Ottunnva, Iowa, Dee. 


Gospel. ' 

1', Abilcn- 

reorganization of the Mis- 
ppointed "treasurer. Those 
ease address him at Waka- 

y council Dec. 22. with Bro. 
right was reelected elder for an- 
Suih/mv school .superintendent; Russell 
president. Our Aid Society gave an ex- 
accepted. Our ehnpel gave a Christmas 
31ft" service. A nice lot of gifts was 
e Chicago Mission; also $7.G0 lu money. 
-l.eouii Poland, N< 

: it is doing; Bro. Ikenbei 

mas program Dec. T,\. Mrs. Ileile Weber, R. D. 
i., Dec. 24. 

k church mot in council Dec. 22. Bro. E. D. Stew- 
d elder for the coining year; Sister Emma Correll, 
uperintendent; Bro. Guy Correll, president of the 
;rB. The Sunday-scho< 

?rved a basket dinu> 

school seat the hiilhday collect Inn.-, togetlie 
ferlug, amounting to $25 in all, to the Qliie 
San. lay-school has adopted the postofflce s 

mon on "The Second Coming of Christ."— Amos 

llollaii.-hiirg, Ohio, Dec. 24. 

fn council Friday, Dec. 21, at 10 A, M., with 
presiding. Bro. Snider was reelected elder; G. 
mlay-school superintendent; Alice Bosserman, 
■etary and "Messenger" agent; Battle Bnme, 
The church bought 150 Song 

being continued 
Rawson, Ohio, Dec. 27. 
urch met in council Saturday 

Interest. — Helen 

Sunday evening, Dec. 23, ■ 
» a splendid Christmas program. The 
s several good Christmas selections, 
nee our last report. We are thnnk- 

have been added to our church by 
Baldwin, Corner May and Phlladel- 

i Eld. C. W. Stuts- 

eouncll Dec. 

.■elected as our elder for i 
superintendent of the Sundny-Bchool; 

i council Dec. 1!2, with Eld. E. B. Bagwell, 

trustee for the coming year; Bro. Marlon 
iiinday-seliool superintendent; Bro. Homer 
agent: the writer corresponding secretary. 

. O. H. Bechtel, of Bellvllte, Ohio, 
Secretary, to solicit our members for fund 
at New Philadelphia, Ohio. Our love feast 
ro. Jacob Coppock, of Tippecanoe City, was 

ith Bro. II. C. Early, of Penn I.alrd, Va.. In Ch 

Snider, R. D. 4, Thornville. Ohio, Dec. 24. 

subject, " Cedars of I 

Wright preached 
non." His subject 
) Is picking 

ation for good. On 

seriously. Dec. 

King. Our primary depn 

joyfully placed (lie 

it was received. Roy Honeymnn win 
Christian Workers and also as siiperin 
ool. We elected our elder for two years 

service. — Sylvia 

Hill, Ind., Dec. 24. 

i Valley.™ Our church held a meeting < 


. Holla. 

Ill, I. In 

1 for the Ar 

at 10 o'clock on Thanksgiving Day 
it noon and council ii 
expect Bro. D. W. G; 

so sent to the Kansas City Mission. The Sunday-school 
;ments for last year are as follows: For Sunday-school 
int, ¥100; District Mission lioiird, $50 ; Child Rescue Work, 
lessenger" Poor Fund, $10. We are anxiously waiting 
new church to be completed. The work has been retarded 
unt of a shortage of material.— Sister Delilah A. Maxcy, 

ans., Dec. 22. 

ii,— Since our last writing we have closed a successful re- 
with Bro. C. S. Garber, of St. Joseph, Mo., as evangelist. 
d interest was manifested throughout the meeting. Five 

iben Shroyer, of New Berlin, Ohio, 
s at this place. Nine confessed Christ. 
i special council. Bro. M. D. Stutzmaii 

ugh. Coslien, Ind., Dec. 25. 
icil Dec. 0, with Bro. D. C. Campbell 
prs was reelected superintendent of 
"Messenger" agent; Bro. Roy Coy- 

irougbt something, 
glad to give their 


mighl 1 

ong those In need. 


Bro, Earl Stroud's letter was granted. We are glad Brother and 
Sister Robinson enn be with HB, as they will be a great help In 
our church. Bro. Cecil Sell asked to be received into^he ministry, 
for which a special council was called on Saturday, Dec, 22. Bro. 
(ioiighmuir, of Aakcny, who is on the ministerial board, was with 
elected to the ministry by a majority vote. 

last report 

i council Nov. 30, with our elder, Bro. J. 
3ro. John Kilhcfncr was elected Sunday 


r. Sunday evening, Di 
his Illustrated lectures 

the Chrlstlui 

ion 'of $31 was 
8. Bro. W. R 
Our Sunday 



ag US two splendid tnl 
t, Lincoln, Nebr., Dec. 


8.— Sister Bes- 


Christ as his Savior. 

d of n family 
On Christmas 

Mrs. E. P. Deeter, Miami, N. Mex., Dec. 21. 

n It y ,_Sept. 1 we met at the Maple Grove house (a brand 

; Fraternity church) in « called nicetl 
rick, R. D. 4. Lexington, N. C, was cull. 
Brethren Ceorge Reid and S. W. Byerly 
They were duly installed. Sept. S we met 

IS Br.). John Showalter, of Salem, Vo., began a se- 
ngs here and continued two weeks, preaching with 
was baptized and the church has been strength. ■'nil. 

ding seer. 
cure a ja 
—J. P. R< 

er year; J. P. Robertson 
d E. H. Robertson, ""Mes- 
tary, respectively. A eom- 

bertson, R. D. 1, Wlnston- 


undnyschool. nfter which 
ol and Christian Workers' 

Waller S 

■a^hwooTchrlstian Work - 

Suml RldKO nicuiljcr* met in council Dec. 22 wltli Bro. 
niwnnt In i-U:i r^r Tin- free-will od'crloii ixix, which wns | 
I the church on trial, has come to stay, as It has proved I 
(Continued on Page 10) 

Congregational Singing 

(Continued from Page r.) 

in the service of the sanctuary, again becomes a use- 
less exercise of the pulmonary muscles. 
. The influence of really successful congregational 
singing is exerted also upon the unsaved persons in 
the assembly. Even in the realm of natural psychic 
law, aside from the spiritual and divine influences that 
are above natural law, such a union of mind, feeling 
and will, sublimated and concentrated, must have an 
extraordinary influence upon outsiders. Herewith we 
give some instances that can be explained only in this 

A young man, who seems wonderfully convicted by 
an intense meeting, comes forward to the altar and 
seems brightly converted. Within twenty-four hours 
he is leading in a low dance in the neighborhood, wild- 
er and more reckless than ever. Is it not psychic 
force rather than the Holy Spirit's power that pro- 
duced the temporary results? But far above such ele- 
ments of power, heartfelt congregational singing will 
bring genuine spiritual forces to bear upon the un- 
saved that will bring them at least vague apprehen- 
sions of desirable spiritual things, and generate in them 
genuine religious impulses to lead them to God. 

Sabbath-school Music. — Solo music, rendered by 
persons not a part of the school, often affords an op- 
portunity for general conversation and relaxation of 
discipline. When rendered by members of the school, 
it is liable to lead to too much self-esteem upon the 
one side, and jealousy on the other. As a general rule, 
congregational ^singing is the best for the Sabbath- 

Conclusion. — Much could yet be said about con- 
gregational singing, especially the way it should be 
conducted ; but let this suffice to give a desire, at least, 
to want to return to this part of primitive worship. 

York, N. Dak. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 

(Continued from Page 11) 

The subject of "Efficiency" was talked on extensively. 
The world is calling today for efficiency experts. Every 
line of business demands a high rate of efficiency. God's 
business is the greatest on earth, why should we not all 
labor to make our lives as efficient as possible to advance 
his Kingdom? 

Special music from Bowmont and Fruitland was en- 
joyed throughout the day's program. 

Bro. W. O. Beckner gave a very instructive talk on 
Thursday evening on "Some Things the Sunday-school 
Has Done." This was well attended and thoroughly en- 
joyed by all. 

Report of Christian Workers* Convention 

The fourth annual Christian Workers' Convention was 
held the following day. After the devotional exercises, 
led by Bro. H. G. Shank, the officers were elected for the 
coming year. 

After a quartet from Welser, and the enrollment of del- 
egates, they were called upon to give a report of their 
society's activities. All seemed to be doing better work 
this fall, but there was a general falling off reported dur- 
ing the hot weather of last summer. 

Many interesting and practical thoughts were given dur- 
ing the open discussion. There was a general plea to 
give the young people more work, and to train them for 
their future responsibility. 

At the afternoon session the subject of "How Best Get 
Dormant Talent Stirred to Activity" was ably discussed 
by several speakers. It was suggested that those who are 
not sure of their talent and ability should be given small 
duties to perform, and should be urged, in every way, to 
take a more active part. This aids greatly in the develop- 
ment of their initiative. 

Sister Jane Shamberger then talked on "Means by 
Which Missionary Interest Can Be Stimulated." She 
gave many practical suggestions, such as organizing Mis- 
sion Study Classes, preparing special missionary pro- 
grams, and having special missionary sermons. Much 
can be done by giving reports of various needy mission 
points. Funds should also be raised for the war sufferers. 

Bro. A. L. Gorham talked on "The Value of Giving to 
Missions." and of how we should strive to promote a 
greater interest along this line. 

Mrs. Maggie Eldredge gave a very interesting reading, 
which was followed by an instructive essay by Mrs. M. E. 
Bowers on " The Value of Reading." 

Bro. Alva Long impressed "The Value of Good Lead- 
ership." To be a leader one must develop his life in every 
way, thus setting an example to his fellow-men. All are 
not born to be leaders, but all have an influence and 
should strive to make it as beneficial as possible. 

This afternoon program closed the meeting, and all 
went to their homes feeling that they had indeed been 
blessed by the associations together. All had a stronger 
desire to work, and a firmer resolution to be of service to 
the Master. Nellie E. Burnett. 

Weiser, Idaho. 

of the material operated upon. (3) A knowledge of the 
method of teaching." " We can not properly teach what 
we do not know. The teacher does not dare to pretend, for 
there is no keener critic than the young people. Never tell 
the pupil what he can tell you." " The saying that ' one can 
learn to teach only by teaching' is all right for the teach- 
er, but not for the pupil, if the waste of the material oper- 
ated upon is considered." "A certain man decided to be an 
eye doctor, put out his shingle, and began to experiment 
on eyes, and later became a success. Upon being con- 
gratulated, he confessed that he had spoiled hats full of 
eyes learning how." "We have the books for study, we 
have the young student; why not have them in training?" 

Another speaker quoted the following, in reference to 
teachers' responsibility: "Fools rush into responsibility 
where angels dare not tread, to make or lose a soul's wel- 
fare." Our effort, as teachers, is practically lost unless 
the pupil is closer to Christ after the teaching. " People 
get the mistaken idea that they must do God's job over, 
in the bringing up of the youth, — that God must have made 
a mistake in their construction." 

The Aid Society held a very interesting session in the 
afternoon. Saturday evening was the Temperance Meet- 
ing, in which the sentiment was equally as strong against 
the use of tobacco as it was against liquor. Sunday after- 
noon was devoted to missionary endeavors. At the close 
an offering was lifted to the amount of $33. Sunday even- 
ing was the Christian Workers' Meeting. All these gath- 
erings were well attended. The one encouraging feature 
of the conference in general is, that we are getting away 
from the spasmodic, hurried up way of doing things, and 
reaching the more conservative and substantial way of 
work. The next meeting will be held in the First Grand 
Valley church. H. C. Wenger. 

Grand Junction, Colo. 


It is generally understood that this District is favored 
with splendid climatic conditions, and this year was no 
exception. When the spiritual atmosphere is brought 
to an equal uniform standard, this District will be ideal. 
Doubtless this standard will be raised if the proper stim- 
ulus is given to the work of the District. 

Those who attend District Meetings know it is the 
usual thing for endeavors of the right sort to reach the 
climax of enthusiasm during the session, only to wane, 
or to be cherished as a treasure until the next District 
Meeting. That condition was not so prominent this year, 
so we may expect the climax yet to come, not only in 
splendid, enthusiastic speeches, but also in active service. 

We met this year at Fruita, Colo. The Conference 
proper convened Nov. 30, with eight delegates, represent- 
ing four churches as the voting body. One isolated con- 
gregation was not represented. The organization was 
completed with Bro. J. R. Frantz, Moderator; J. D. Coff- 
man, Writing Clerk; E. Frank Weaver, Reading Clerk. 
No queries were sent to Annual Meeting. Eld. J. E. 
Bryant was chosen as member of Standing Committee. 
He was also selected as a trustee of McPherson College. 
The District will raise $500 for home missions this year. 

Saturday forenoon, Dec. 1, was spent in discussing min- 
isterial problems. Many helpful ideas were presented, 
which will prove beneficial not only to the preacher but 
also to the hearer. On the topic, " In Conducting Our 
Services. Should We Be Governed by Custom Or the 
Needs of the Occasion?" it was made very plain that the 
needs of the occasion rise above custom, provided no 
principle is involved. 

A few hints to ministers were given: "They should 
make no apology, be prompt, watch daily events for ser- 
mon material, fill up, and let the Spirit drive it out. De- 
pend upon God, and not upon self." 

On Saturday afternoon the Sunday-school Meeting was 
favored with a splendid talk on "The Art in Teaching." 
Three prominent essentials were considered necessary: 
(1) A knowledge of the matter taught. (2) A knowledge 


;-President, Sister '. 

elected: President. 

Cesson. We enrolled fourteen membei 

ster O. S. M 
Riley; Trent 

iug for the Red Cross, since n number of our boys are in the 
army. On account of the higii cost of living and the scarcity of 
fuel we get many calls for help here in the city. If any of the 
Aid Societies feel like donating clothing or food, we could use It 
to good advantage. We appreciate the zeal with which the mem- 
bers go about their work. They carry their week-day enthusi- 
asm into the Lord's work and we feel that the church is pros- 
>re.— M. Alice Miller, 35S Sixtieth Street. Brooklyn, N. Y.. 

[',-.:. 22. 


Timenclng Dec. 8. 1916, 

the Sisters' Aid Soclet 

and ending Dec. 8, 1917: Average attendance. 18; 

ulnr meetings, 19; business meetings, 5; visits made, 30; g 

ments received, 207; garments made, 54; also six quilts and ' 

comforts, and a box_of fruit and jellies: To Marion, 
consisting of 02 articles of clothing and two comforts; To Mexico, 
sixteen articles of clothing and some shoes. Christmas Donations 

for 1917: To Lognnsport, one barrel, eighty-four garments and 
one comfort; to Hastings Street Mission, Chicago, 110 garments. 

. ?4.\1.2!t; 

1 received, $108.- 


$4.10; from collections and dc 

21). General expenditures, $37.70; India orphan, §20; Mary Quln- 

tor Hospital. $28; Logansport church, $5; Chicago Mission, $5; 

total expenditures. ?»r..70. Balance on hand, $12.58; received at 

last meeting, $15.44 ; amount in treasury, $28— Sister Emma 

Bowman, President, Sister Clara John, Secretary. 

RICHLAND CENTER, KAN'S. — The following is the report of 
our Aid Society, which was organized Sept. 15, 1910: We held 
fifteen meetings, three in private homes. The attendance of mem- 
bers was 173; visitors, 20. We made thirty-six comforts; quilted 
four quilts; sent a box of clothing to Kansas City; served ten 
sales. Tolal amount of money received, $192.33. Amount paid 
towards church debt, $128; to Quinter Memorial Hospital, $10. 
The following officers were elected: Clara Miller, President; Liz- 
zie Canfield, Vice-President; Dora Shower, Secretary and Treas- 
urer. — Dora Shower, Summerfield, Kans., Dee. 22. 

ROSSV1LLE.— The following is the report of the Sisters' Aid 
Society for 1917 : Number of meetings held, twenty-two, with 

(Jointer Hospital; $2.50 to Bro. Helm, at Daytc 
paid out. $12.33; balance on hand. $30.78. Balance from 1910, 
$12.13, making a total of $48.89. The following officers were 
elected for 191S: Sister Ella Hatcher, President; Sister Hannah 
Metzger, Superintendent: Sister Laura Gripe, Secretary; Sister 
VtTiui Metz K er, Treasurer; .Sisters Eliza H u fiord and Rosa Hai 

Dec. 10. 



se note that the fifty cents required for the publics 

i:irriiiKi' notice may be applied to a four months' "Go 
!gcr " subscription for the newly-married couple. Ren- 
in' made at tlie time the notice is sent, and full add 

: the home of the bride' 

15, 1917. Mr. Chni 

itcbins, of RIppey, Iowa, and Sister 
, Iowa.— O. W. Diehl, Beaver, Iowa, 
undersigned, at the home of the 
. Robert Nctzley i 

Cal— Geo. H. Basho 

(lie undersigned, at the 
, Bro. Walter M. Rakes 

. Seniors and Sister 1 
Iinritairi, Greene, Ioi 


the dead which die In the Lord" 

County, I nil., .inn. 22, 


the Goshen City church. In August, I'll... 

lust clause. Services by the i 

F. W. Kltson, Goshen, Ind. 

Bayer, Jacob, born in Lancaster County, Pa., Jan. 26, 1824, died 
it his home near Arcadia, Ind., Dec. 7, 1917, aged 93 years, 10 
months and 11 days. In 18(54 lie was married to Mattie Burg. 
I'o them were horn two children who died in Infitncy, and short- 

i of the Brethrt 

stepdaughter survives. 

and remained 

services for 

by. — Sarah Kinder, Arcadia, Ind. 

Clark. Sister Louisa, wife of Eld. Dennis Clark, died at her 
home of typhoid fever, Nov. 12, 1917, aged 55 years, 8 months and 
21 days. She was the eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joah 
Sell ell. Two brothers nnd one sister survive her of a family of 
six. She was married early in life to Bro. Dennis Clark. To 
them were born five sons and three daughters. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren early in life nnd remained a faithful 
member. She expressed a strong desire to live, feeling that her 
life work was not yet finished, hut the call came and she had 
to go. She bad many excellent qualities, not the least of which 
was her love for children. Services by Bro. Israel Welmer. In- 
terment In the McDonald cemetery at Maysvllle. — Ollle F. Idle- 
man. Maysville, W. Va. 

Dickey, Margaret Josephine, Infant daughter of Brother and 
Sister Howard Dickey, born near Burr Oak, Ind., Feb. 6. 1917, 
died Dec. 11, 1917. In Woodlawn Hospital, at Rochester, Ind., after 
a two weeks' Illness of pneumonia, aged 10 months and 5 days. 
She leaves her father, mother, one brother and one sister. Serv- 
by Kid. Ell Heestand.— Florence Dick- 

died nt bis home Pec. 7. 1817. He was the third son of John and 
Elizabeth Fisher. The family left Pennsylvania when he was a 
small boy nnd moved to Springfield, Ohio, for a few yeftrs. From 
there they went to Bluffton, Ind., where he grew to young man- 
hood. Then he moved with his parents to Darke County. He 
was united In marriage with Mary Katherman Jan. 10, 1876. In 
April, 18S0, he, with his wife nnd two daughters, moved to 
Woodland, Mich., on a farm where be has since resided. Tues- 
day evening he retired, apparently in his usual health, but was 
stricken with npoplexy at 2 o'clock, which left him paralyzed. He 

Woodland, Mich, 
r, Bro. William A., born 
*d Dec. «, 1017, nged 30 ; 

County, Va., Sept. 5. 

nths i 

1694 lie, with his parents, moved to Allison Prairie, Lawrence 
Co., III., later moving with them to Decatur, same State. He 
was married to Edna Hart, of Allison Prairie, Aug. 10, 1904, mak- 
ing their home In Decatur until fifteen months ago, when he, 
with his family, moved near Dudley, Mo., where he died. He 
leaves his wife, three children, his father, Eld. S. W. Garber, of 


ini(.<<l > 

' the : 

! Of t 

R. D. D, Vlncennes 
Geliman, Sister i 
1917, aged 70 years, C months and 21 days. While i 

to monthly missionary meeting, she l 

April 22, 1847, tli.-.I 

s Lancaster church and a very consistent mem- 
ber. She leaves two sons. Sen-Ices at the Earlvllle church by 
Bro. J. W. Myer and the writer. Intermept In cemetery adjoin- 
ing.— H. B. Toiler, 343 Charlotte Street. Lancaster, Pa. 

Hiirnlv, Sister Susanna B., widow of John H. Harnly, born 
July 8, 1849, died Dec. 7, 1617, nged 68 years, 4 mou " 
days. Her husband passed jnviiy ten weeks ago. She 
ferer of dropsy for over one year. She was n devot 
of the Lancaster church. Kister Harnly leaves four so 
daughters. Services nt Krelders church by Breth: 

j -Ofld 2» 

Lvrlter. Interment In the 
, 343 Charlotte Street, Lancaster, 

Hufford. Box 184, Rossville, Pa. 

i, Susan Mildred, diiiijihter of Sister Susan A. Hess, died Dec. 
11, 1017. She bad been an invalid for several years, but was seri- 
ously HI only one week. She leaves her mother, two brothers and 
three sisters. Services by Brethren H. D. Enimert nnd W. C. 
Wertz. Interment in Green Hill cemetery. — Jessie Demutli, 
Waynesboro, Pa. 

KauITman. Emma, wife of Eld. John Kauffman, deceased, born 
In Lancaster County, Pa., April 12. 1841, died in the bounds of 
Bremen congreKatlou, Marshall County, Ind., Oct, 10, 1917, aged 
70 years, C months and 4 ilavs. She was united In marriage to 
John Kauffman May 22, 1800. No children were born to this 
union. She nnd her husband united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren in 1800, In which she remained true till death. At her death 
she lenvea two brothers nnd three sisters. Services at South 
Union by the undersigned assisted by Joseph Sain, of Bremen, 

J. It. Miller, of Nnppanee, Ind.— Daniel Wj 

ee, Ind. 

.vtneaton. Bro. William 

Nov. 11, 1860, died Dec. 17, 
i days. Services at the Tire 
mahonlng congregation, by the writer, assisted by Bro. 
. Blough— S. P. Zimmerman, Hollsopple, Pa. 
■y, Ralph George. Infant son of Mr. and Sister McCom- 

Illverside cemetery. 

I Chnrlotte Street, Lancaster, 
wife of Lloyd McKIm- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 

mplary Christian life. She 
n. She was a great sufferer, 
close of her earthly pllgrlm- 
sufTering and be with Jesus, 
I gain. Services in the Salem 
5: 20.— Perry Arnold, Beaver- 


.itrrk'i) to : 
mill, ,1 » ii 

eA with the Clm 
1 was a faithful 
daughter. Serv: 

by the writer, assisted by Bro. Join 
of the Mennonlte church. Text, : 
: 10.— I. L. Berkey, R. D. 10, Goshen 

i July 22, 1855, died at his home ii 
d 02 years, 4 months and IT days 
of the Brethren about three years 
mber. He leaves his wife, Ave eon: 
: at the Upton house by Eld. D. A 

metery. — Van B. 

Wright. Peeuh 
iorn In Missou 
1017, aged 30 

he age of fifteen and ) 
ad suffered for three years, 
complafned. Her 

. 0, 11117, aged 8-1 : 


Church of the Brethren 
life. Services in D 
e Dayton cemetery.- 

ivife of Absalom Shue, 

' Koudabush ^ 
n by Eld. J. 

; Grove, Pa., Dec. 

' of the church : 

untsdule. She is 
•wvllle cemetery .- 

■atly missed : 

Carlisle, 3 

jcth K., nee Longenecker, 
48, died at her home near 
the oldest daughter of El 
acker. She with her part 
d located four miles north 
B. Woodard, July 31, 1ST. 
they owned near Gowrie, 
. Dak., where they reiuaim 
iirs in Des Moines, Iowa, 
wrie farm. They we 

I four grandchlldre 
by Bro. Lee Fluke 
lurch, north of Pa 

County, Ohio, during 


1.— H. C. ICui-ly, CIk, 


ough, 1315 Grant j 



, Waterloo, Iowa; Chaa. 


Miller, Mt. Morris, 111. 

. Sunday- School Board.— 

" .; Lafayette Steele. V___ _ 
Secretary, Elgin, 111.; Jas. 
Leeton, Mo.; Ezra F - 
lkt-tiliiTry, Dalevllle, 

K. Ober, 

, Walkerton, 

. Va.; 

. C. Heber, 


-P. J. Blough. Chain 

Wright, Secretary, North Manchester, Ind.; Jacob Funk, 

ico, Ind.; I'. S. Tlioi 

Committee on Dress Reform — K. M. Studebaker, Chairman, 

M, lMin-Miii, Kims ■ l.v.lln I-:. TiivhH', Secretary, Mt. Morris, 111.; 
Kva Trontli-. :m::;'> V;m iiur.ii Sln^t. riilungo; Mary Polk Ellen- 
■berger, Mound City, Mo. 

-B. B. Hoff, Chairman, Maywood, 

"' 'ago; T. T. Myers, 

Edgar Rothrock, 

WllllamK, Secretary, Elgin 

., Philadelphia. Pa.; Mrs. Retta 
, Itlythc, Cat; Mrs. Levi Minnich, Secretary- 

Services at the 
and on Monday 
ra, by Eld. Irv- 
e other home ministers, after 
by the side of her children who 

h.'lbu.w ii. I'ii.; LsM'ayette SU'.-le. 

■etnry, Lli.'in, in. , 
Flory. 3435 Van Bureu Street, Chicago; 

Kurtz, President, McPher- 
^rotwood, Ohio; J. H. 

i;iKia. HI.; J- S. Flory, Bridge- 

," Secretary, McPherson," Kans.; J. Carson Miller, 
-W. J. _SwIgart, Chalrman,_ Huntingdo: 
"Wiley, Colo. 

A Revised List of Books for the 
Sunday-School Workers' Library 


The Superintendent 

"Special Days" in 
the Sunday School 

ID. M. Butterbaugh, Warsaw, 

How lo Conduct a 
Sunday-school, Ma- 
rion Lawrance, ..$1.35 

How to Run a Lit- 
tle Sunday-school. 
E. M. Fergusson, .75 

A Model Superin- 
tendent. H. Clay 

Trumbull 60 

Organizing and 
Building Up the 
Sunday Schgol. 
Jesse L. Hurlbut, .65 
Sparks fiom the Superintendent's Anvil. A. F. 

Schauffler 1.00 

Special Days in the Sunday-school. Marion 

Lawrance .- 1.35 

The Successful Superintendent. Amos R. Wells. .75 

Cradle Roll 

The Cradle Roll Department. Elizabeth W. 

Primary Department 

All About the Primary. 

Elizabeth W. Sudlow. $0.50 
The Beginners' Depart- 

m e n t. Angelina W. 



Our Primary Depart- 
ment. Win. D. Murray, .50 

Practical Primary Plans. 
Israel P. Black 1.15 

The Primary Depart- 
ment. Ethel T. Archi- 
bald 50 

The Sand Table. Lillie A. 


Junior Department 

After the Primary, What? A. H. McKiuney, ..$0.60 
All About the Juniors. Elizabeth W. Sudlow, .50 
Handwork in the Sunday School. Milton S. 

Littlefield iM 

Object Lessons for Junior Work. Ella N. Wood, .60 
Our Boys and Girls. Mrs. M. G. Kennedy 75 

Intermediate Department 

The Boy and the Church. Eugene C. Foster, . . .$0.75 
The Boy in the Sunday-school. John L. Al' 



The Boy Problem. Win, Byron Forbusb 60 

Boy Training. John L. Alexander, 75 

H The Girl and Her Religion, Margaret Slattery, 1.00 

The Girl in Her Teens. Margaret Slattery 50 

> God's Book and God's Boy. A. F. Schauffler, 1.15 
Your Boy; His Nature and Nurture. By Geo. A. 
Dickinson 1-00 

Adult Department 

Adult Class Study. Irving F. Wood $0.75 

The Adult Class, Its Organization and Work. 

W. C. Pearce 30 

Fishin' fcr Men; or the Redemshun of Jeriko 

Kort House. Joseph Clark 1.00 

The Ideal Adult Class. Amos R. Wells 55 

Missionary Department 

Why andfHow of Missions in the Sunday- 
school. Win. A. Brown, $0.50 

Missionary Methods for Sunday-school Work- 
ers. Geo. H. Trull 50 

Home Department 

Home Department of Today. Flora V. Steb- 

bins J0.25 

Religious Education in the Family. H. F. Cope, 1.25 
The Sunday-school and the Home. Frank L. 

Teaching and Teachers 

How to Become an Effi- 
cient Sunday-school 
Teacher. Professor 
Wm. A. McKeever, .$1.10 

How to Plan a Lesson. 




day-school Lesson. H. 

E. Carmack 75 

Knowing and Teaching 
the Scholars. A. F. 

Schauffler 50 

Living Teachers. Mar- 
garet Slattery 35 

Making of a Teacher. M. G. Brumbaugh, 1.00 

it of Contact. Patterson DuBois 75 

:tical Pedagogy in the Sunday-school. A 

. McKiuney 60 

'ets of Sunday-school Teaching. Edward 

eigh Pell, 1.15 

ining the Sunday-school Teacher. Book I, .40 
ining the Sunday-school Teacher. Book II, .50 

The Sunday School 

The Church School. W. S. Athearn $1.00 

The City Sunday-school. Frank L. Brown 25 

Efficiency in the Sunday-school. Henry F. 

Cope 1.00 

The Modern Sunday-school and Its Present 

Day Task. Henry F. Cope 1.15 

Present Day Sunday-schools. P. E. Burroughs, 1.00 
Personal Appeals to Sunday-school Workers. 

Oscar L. Joseph 1.00 

The Sunday-school Organized for 




The "How to Conduct" Series 

The Devotional Life of the Sunday-school. 
Charles W. Brewbaker $0.50 

The Elementary Division Organized for Serv- 
ice. Mary F. Bryner 50 

The Secondary Division Organized for Serv- 
ice. John L. Alexander, 50 

The Sunday-school Teacher at His Best, A. H. 
McKinncy 50 

The Why and How of Missions in the Sunday- 
school. William Brown 50 

Lesson Commentaries 

mold's Pi 


Commentary on the 
International Sun- 
day-school Lessons.$0.70 
Coon's Self-Pro- 

tary on the Sun- 
day-school Lessons. 
Cloth, 2Sc, Moroc- 
colene $0.35 

Peloubet's Select 
Notes 1.35 

Tarbell's Teachers' 

Guide 1.35 

Pocket Lesson Commentary, 25 

e Gist of the Lesson 25 


'tijz:.z- "::: ' ' -"- ' ' -■~""^^:. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1918 


Official" OrEan of the Church of the Brethren 

A relleious weekly published l>v llretliren l'uMtsblng House, 

It! (,.■■(" iso.iit! si,.;. sire,,, i:inii, 111. subscription price. J1.G0 

per annum, in advance. (Canada subscription, llfty centB «xtra.) 

D. L MTLIEB. Editor EDWARD FHANTZ, OKlce Editor 

Special Contributor..: H. B. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa.; J. 

n Moor.- S.l.rniL- Kl:i.; II. <*. llnrly, I'l-iin l-nlr.l, Va.; A. C. 
Whtsnd, Clii.-Hf.-o. Ill ; I). W. Kurt/. Mcl'herson, Kans. ; H. A. 

*., CI 

Elgin. III. 

Entered at the PoBtofflce at Elgi n. 111., ns Second-class Mattir 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Pago 33) 
cess Uru. Win. Roberts is Sunday-school superintendent for the 

-Elizabeth Hunsberger, 

ening until April, 


. G. CrOBawlilte mid w. S. Long, 
te'rnates. Persons having boys In Campr will do well to cor- 
■spond with these brethren, giving names of boys and Camp ad- 
:ess . — J. C. Swigart, Secret nry. MatUwmiu, Pa., Dec. 22. 
Pleasant Hill.— Services were held nt this place oa Thanks- 
vine Day as usual. The attendance was not so large. How- 
I for Home and Foreign Mis- 
received later from absent members, 
; a total of $03,20. Half 
Foreign Missions, On nci 

i offering of $85.20 l 

1 drifted roads, 





Wright presided. 

Sinking Spring, Ohio, : 

i felt the ueod of a pas- 
D. M. Garver, to this work. Bro. 
Sunday-school superintendent.— 

• Cherry Lane house. He preached 
baptized and one was reclaimed. 

G. Koones, R. D. 2, Clearvllle, Pa., Dec. 22. 


. 10 and began a singing school. He was with us 
two weeks. We feel that we hnve been much benefited by his 
good work. Bro. J. A. Miller, of Manvel, Tex., came In Nove: 

Inspiring i 


ons. Our love feast 
the Lord's table. Some 
; meetings closed Sunday nigh 

IS by also organ- 

, pictures of mission: 

■o. Eby is 
the Gospel Message to heathen 
s'hlm in his labors!— I. B. Nlswander, 

i. IS. Decker, of Ashland, Oregon, begun 
the Alluiiiv church, preaching twenty- 
- .-tniiglit Gospel trutli without fear of 
.,., ,.,i (.'hri.^t ii ud were baptized. The 

. 1,,,-l ior examination services and later 
-unmiinlcd tlie Lord's table. Bru. Deck- 
,. [ Meeting of Oregon Is to be held in 
ugUSt, I8ia— LethO Hoover, Albany, Ore- 

i Thanksgiving Day for services and bus- 

-iu\ i. '.^tilled to the Lord's goodnesB. Eld. 
,1 iln' HTiici's. A Thanksgiving offering 
cker, Ashland, Oregon, Dec. 27. 
council Dec. 10, with our elder, Bro. 

ward, janitor; Sisters McGraw and 

„„,_irlng a C 
143, Baudon, Oregon, 


f protracted meetings on Sunday 

; of meetings. — Nannie Bonds, Spring, Tex., Dec. 22. 


—Dec, 9 will long be remembered by those inter- 
Underwood, R. ested in the history of the Beaver Creek church. With the ground 
covered with snow and the thermometer hovering ) 

ducted the opening exercises ant) Eld. H. C. Early followed with 
a forceful sermon. Elders H. G. Miller and Caleb Long took part 

service the nam 

church record. Dec. 10 was a glad day for the Sunday-s 

when we were permitted to enjoy the first meeting in the new 

class-rooms. Bro. Long followed with another of his splendid 

sermons. The meetings closed on Sunday night because of the 

cold weather.— Nannie J. Miller, R. D. 1, Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 


Mine Run church met In council Dec. IB, Eld. D. M. Qllck pre- 

was decided to purchase half an acre of land from 

Quann for the cemetery. Bn 

! held < 

,. Hurley 

siding. It 

periutendent of the Sunday 

l elected 
Bro. D. M. 
Gllck elder In charge. — R. Anna Britton, R> D, 1, Rhoadesville, 
Va., Dec. 24. 

Seattle.— We are very glad to have with us Brother and Sister 
It. F. Flory, of Sherwood, Ohio, who have taken charge_ 

i. and pastorate at this place, 
iv service we took an offering of ?8 fo 
On Sunday evening, Dec. 10, Sister 1 

i India, who arrived ahead of the others, gave 
is a very" helpful talk.— Mrs. E. J. CUne. R- D. 0, 8022 First Ave- 
me, N. W., Seattle. Wash., Dee. 17. 

Sunnyside church met in council Dec. 15, with our elder, Bro. 
r. A. Eby, in charge. Bro. Eby was elected elder for another 
-ear; Bro. M. E. Oswalt, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro^Wal- 
Sniitb. president of the Christian Workers; Sis 

wait, : 

; Of i 

i for Christina i 

Dec. 24.— David H. Snader, Jr., Akron, Pa., 

iaptlzed Monday, Wash., 

■iptlons of her work an 

;se converted natives in; 
yesterday was $25. La 
nessage, having served 
expressed their desire 

Fernald.— Christmas dinner was enjoyed at the church on 

Christmas Day by about fifty members and friends. In the 

evening a Christmas program was given by the Sunday-school. 

—Sister Orra Stevens, Nevada, Iowa, Dec. 26, 
Plymouth.— Our Sunday-school gave a " White Gift " Christmas 

program on Sunday evening, Dec. 23. At the close of the serv- 

,sive service. On YVedncsd;)} evening, Dee. -II, the 
i special meeting, to reorganize for the coming 
A Buff was chosen superintendent. — E. L. Hee- 

lossible.— John S. Hershberger, Everett, Pa., Dec. 

uncll Dec. 22, 

i held Dec. 8, 

i hold a Bible institute 1 

will be used for Foreign and half : 

niiiil report. They 


ichool superintendents alternately for 
Delp are presidents of the Christian 

r. of Curryvllle, Pa., be- 
uued until Dec. 10, elos- 
i added to the church by- 

Mabel Weaver ' 

Ind., Dec. 28. 

Denver. — Dec. 23, while onr pastor, Bro. Burgln, was called to 
Arriba, this State, to fill an appointment, Dr. Beckner, of Mc- 
Pherson, Hans., preached for us. His "story" at the close of 
Sunday-school, was applicable to all, and his splendid— Christ- 
mas sermon was much enjoyed. In the evening our Sunday- 

Sunday-school Is preparing 

Dec. 23. On Friday evening, 
i College, will begin a series of 

until Sunday evening follow- 

> received on their former 
received. Bro. Eugene Hoff- 

28 Bro. Culler, 

man was reelected superintendent of the Skippack Snnday-E 
Dec. 22 we took an offering of $21.63 in the Sunday-school for the 
Armenian and Syrian sufferers. This, with the money already 
appropriated for this cause, will make about ?00 to be sent to 


he Oldest ami Newest and Creates! Honk 
is God's Revealed Will to Man. Every m 
choose hi* eternal destiny. God has giv 

study and to help ui 
i might 

nd If 

e It will be because 
that which will perish. 




, And the E 

of the 

first b 

'our Gospels 
i the Study 
f .Mark. Th 

Is the 


of Study by 

hill by 





it with 


esiilts? 34S p 

the Bo 

ok. 100 eve 

ts de- 



by 11- 

s with 

es of same 



in p:ii:illel columns. 

The book Is recommended 

by the 

1 Life of Jesus. Semi 

Some Necessities for the Home 



10 cents 

The Brethren Family Almanac is now published 
as a Yearbook. In making this change it has be- 
come more than ever a record of the work and prog- 
ress of the Church of the Brethren. 

You know from experience that the information 
given in the Yearbook will save you many times the 
price of a copy. But this is only one reason why 
the book should hang at its accustomed place in 



year, so also this year price conditions compel us 
to make a npminal charge of only ten cents per copy. 



Each, 25 cents 

There is nothing much more convenient in the 
home than a good wall calendar. The figures should 
be large and clear in order that they may be read 
across a room. You can save steps and worry by 
hanging a Scriptural Calendar in your living room. 

The pictures on the walls are a pretty good in- 
dex to the character of a home. You will appreciate 
the quiet beauty and dignity of the Scriptural Cal- 


calendars are useful in other ways for they 
subjects of the International Sunday-school 
together with the necessary scriptural ref- 



By Thomas Tiplady. $1.00 
Do-you want to know something of what millions 
of men in the trenches are thinking as they 
face death from day to day? Would you like to get 
that word from one who has spent many months 
with the men in Flanders as a field chaplain? 

Thomas Tiplady in The Cross at the Front writes 
of his quaint and humorous experiences as well as 
the thrilling aspects of his life with the soldiers. 
The book is a gripping account of first hand experi- 
ence at the front. 

The Cross at the Front is a fine piece of work from 
the literary standpoint. The chapters are brief and 
compelling. If you get hold of a copy the chances 
are you could not be persuaded to give it up for 
twice the price. 

Order From 


Elgin, 111. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 67 

Elgin, 111., January 12, 1918 

No. 2 

In This Number 

Busy Brooks and Stagnant Swamps, 
What About the " Down-and-Outs" 
(letting the Other Man's Viewpoint, 

"Agflln the Shadow Mm-.-th t» r !(..■ Dhilpliite nf Tim 

The Quiet Flour 

Among the Churches 

•I'll.- Saddest Words (I'oem). By IVIkiu Nightingale. 

The Sw«,rd Passage. By Amos H. Haines 

A ('Impel Talk on Onnciiig. By Laura E. Haugh. . 

But he was, nevertheless, led to see at last that God 
is no Respecter of persons, but that in every nation he 
that feareth him and worketh righteousness is accept- 
able to him. 

But do we realize through what pain and travail our 
own prejudices are often broken down? And do we 
actually believe that God loves all men, all classes of 
society, that he desires the salvation of all, that all are 
equally precious in his sight and equally welcome into 
his fellowship? If so, why do we not act like it? 

False Econoiii 

! Armor. By .T. B. Brumbaugh, 

Forever (Poem)^ 

(Jrandmother Warren.— 10. By Bess Bates 

Father's Duties In Hip Home. By Nellie T. Townseud, 
The Little Ones. By May Troxel , 


Busy Brooks and Stagnant Swamps 

If you have ever been in the mountains, you have 
surely seen and enjoyed the beautiful brook of spar- 
kling water that comes tumbling down the mountain 
side. How fascinating was its music as it splashed 
over the rocks and leaped down the waterfalls! How 
pure and clear it looked ! And how good to drink, — 
indescribably, satisfyingly good! 

Writing on " The Spirit in Which You Work," in 
a recent article, Dr. Orison Swett Marden tells of such 
a mountain stream near his native New Hampshire 
home, which ran out into a valley from which there 
was no outlet. What a remarkable transformation it 
underwent! It lost its sparkle. Its music ceased. 
Its freshness was gone. A green scum gathered on 
its surface. Frogs, lizards, water snakes, muskrats, 
all sorts of vermin and insects gathered there. What 
had been a thing of joy and beauty became a most re- 
pulsive sight, — a foul, malaria' swamp. 

In this little nature-sermon, Dr. Marden finds a 
most instructive parable of the happiness and health- 
fulness of useful work in contrast with the wretched- 
ness and mischief-breeding tendencies of idleness. He 
writes of" work in general, any useful, honorable ac- 
tivity, and #f the perpetual pleasure of the man who 
loves his daily work. But is not his thesis more em- 
phatically true of the spiritual world? What marvel- 
ous capacities for health and happiness are found in 
that work which pertains most directly to the up- 
building np the Kingdom! And what wonderful pos- 
sibilities of misery and mischief are wrapped up in 
the Christian ( ?) who refuses or^neglects to put his 
shoulder to the wheel! 

Would you avoid becoming an unsightly, malodor- 
ous breeding ground for all kinds of spiritual diseas- 
es? Recall the fate of the_ little mountain brook. 
Would you like to be a really happy Christian, pulsat- 
ing with the vigor of abounding spiritual health? Let 
the life within you have an outlet. Keep moving! 
Keep busy ! __ __ ,^__^^_ 

What About the " Down-and-Outs "? 

"There is no distinction between Jew and Greek; 
for the same Lord is Lord of all and is rich unto all 
that call upon him." 

How hard it was for Peter to believe. How could 
anything so out of line with all of his previous edu- 
cation, possibly be true? Never before had he dared 
to mingle with Gentiles on terms of social equality. 

Getting the Other Man's Viewpoint 

If you want the other man to get your point of view, 
you must first get his. This does not mean that you 
must agree with him, but it does mean that you must 
understand him. Perhaps it is a better, truer con- 
ception of a Christian doctrine, such as you yourself 
have, for instance, that you want him to get. Well, 
you may be sure you will make no headway in convinc- 
ing him that your view is better than his, unless you 
have first convinced him that you understand his posi- 
tion, and that you are, therefore, competent to com- 
pare it with yours. 

This may require a little effort on your part. For 
there is some explanation of his peculiar altitude, — 
something in his make-up, education, surroundings or 
experience, that causes this view, which seems so un- 
reasonable to you, to appeal to him as being correct. 
You must find out what that is. You must look at the 
matter through his eyes. You must ask yourself 
whether you might have thought that way about it, if 
you had been in his shoes. Such an attitude will en- 
able you, if anything will, to reach him and show him 
that your way is better. 

What a wide field there is for applying this prin- 
ciple! Why have the great unchurched masses so lit- 
tle interest in the appeals of the churches? Why are 
the toilers in the shops and the mines proverbially ir- 

religious if not atheistic? In large measure because 
we who try to preach to them will not take the trouble 
to look at life as they know it. We go to them with ' 
a creed which we ask them to accept, while we refuse 
to concern ourselves with the problems which are for 
them the sternest of daily realities. We do not try 
to find out why they have such a poor opinion of our 
claims. And so we fail to touch them. We fail be- 
cause they see we do not sympathize with their situ- 
ation. We take no interest in their point of view and 
they fully reciprocate by taking no interest in ours. 

Incidentally we should not overlook another reason 
for getting the other man's viewpoint. It is the pos- 
sibility of stumbling upon something useful for our- 

Is the Young Man Safe? 

What a vivid picture of the true father heart is 
found in the story of the tragic end of Absalom! Not 
even his base treachery cOuld make David wish ill to 
his son. While the latter had been scheming to take 
l\is father's life, and seize the throne, how different 
the father's feeling toward the rebellious son! Greater 
even than his desire for victory in the final struggle, 
was Ins concern for Absalom's personal safety, and 
when his worst fears were shown lo be well-founded, 
his grief was uncontrollable. 

Fathers and mothers will have no trouble in under- 
standing David's feelings, but we can not help won- 
dering whether David might not have been spared this 
grief, if, in earlier years, he had put squarely to him- 
self the question: " Is the young man Absalom safe?" 
Did he begin to think about this when it was too late? 
Nothing can excuse Absalom's base treason, but there 
are hints that the father's treatment of the son -was not 
as wise as it might have been. 

The time to be concerned for the safety of the chil- 
dren is when they are yet under the parental care. It 
is not enough to weep over their ruined lives. 

Jerusalem Captured, — the Moslem Driven Out 

" If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand for- 
get her cunning. If I ^lo not remember thee, let my 
tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not 
Jerusalem above my chief joy" (Psalm 137: 5, 6). 

No event in modern history has caused so much uni- 
versal interest and joy among professed Christians, the 
world over, as has the confirmed report that the Holy 
City has been taken by the British troops, that the un- 
speakable Turk has been driven out, and that the Eng- 
lish have entered the city in triumph. And the Jews 
take a deeper interest, and experience a greater joy in 
the news, than do the Christians. To them it holds out 
the promise, in fulfilled prophecy, that they may soon 
realize their long-deferred hope of a Jewish State in 
their ancient home. It is authoritatively stated that 
the holy and sacred places in the city were not dis- 
turbed, save that the Turks despoiled the Church of 
the Holy Sepulcher of some of its valuable treasures. 

It is said that the Allies will, when a treaty of peace 
is made and signed, stipulate, in the strongest possible 
terms, that the Moslems shall be prohibited from ever 
entering or possessing Jerusalem again. It is most sin- 
cerely hoped that this will be one of the results of the 
present war. 

Under the special providential blessings of Almighty 
God the writer and wife enjoyed the great privilege of 
visiting the Holy City six different times, and to abide 
there for some time. No other country or city visited 
had such an absorbing interest as Palestine and the 
City of the Great King.- Every nook and corner in 

Jerusalem was frequently visited, and the adjoining 
country was not neglected. Twenty-one days' horse- 
back riding, as well as dwelling in tents, gave oppor- 
tunity to seek out and visit all places of interest in 

To Christians the driving out of the Moslems means 
the rescue of the holy places from the curse of Turk- 
ish rule. The site of Solomon's Temple, Golgotha, the 
place of crucifixion, Christ's tomb, the Garden of 
Gethsemane, Mount of Olives, Bethany, the Valley of 
Jehoshaphat, the place of the last supper, — when Christ 
washed his disciples' feet and commanded them to 
wash one another's feet, — and many other places, 
made sacred by the presence of the Master and the 
holy men of God, are rescued from Mohammedan 

The latest reports indicate that the Moslems are 
being driven northward by the British army, and the 
effort is being made to free the Holy Land entirely 
from their rule and presence. 

Jerusalem was captured by the Moslems under Ca- 
liph Omar A. D. 637 after a strenuous siege of four 
months. They have a tradition that Mohammed visit- 
ed Jerusalem and from the city took his flight to heav- 
en. This accounts for their desire to rule the city, and 
when it was captured, the Caliph treated the people 
kindly. They held it until 1099 when it was taken 
from them by the Crusaders under the leadership of 
Godfroy de Bouillon. A Latin kingdom was then es- 
tablished. Godfroy's brother became king on Christ- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 

mas Day A. D. 1 100. Quarreling occurred among the 
rulers, and the land was poorly governed. Nearly a 
hundred years later it was recaptured by the Moslems 
under Saladin. This occurred A. D. 1187. Thus, dur- 
ing the 730 years that have expired since then, the 
city has been continuously under the Sultan's rule. 
For two brief periods in the thirteenth century it was 
disturbed, but he held the place. 

When the war is over, and peace is permanently es- 
tablished, a visit to Palestine under Christian instead 
of Moslem domination will be full of interest. One 
may then go into the tomb of Abraham, Isaac and Ja- 
cob, which has been kept closed against Christians by 
the Turk for eight centuries. 

When Jacob died, " Joseph commanded his servants 
the physicians to embalm bis father: and the physi- 
cians embalmed Israel. And forty days were fulfilled 
for him; for so are fulfilled the days of those which 
are embalmed: and the Egyptians mourned for him 
threescore and ten days " (Gen. 50: 2, 3). 

The body of the Pharaoh of the Oppression, Knam- 
ses II, was in like manner embalmed by the Egyptians 
and laid away in the tomb. In 1884 it was found and 
unwound, and today you may, in the Museum at Cairo, 
Egypt, look into the well-preserved face of the Pha- 
raoh that knew not Joseph. The body is well pre- 
served, after the passage of so many centuries. 

If the body of the Pharaoh has been preserved for 
all these centuries and is looked upon today by many 
thousands of people from all parts of the world, why 
may we not, some day, look upon the face of Israel, 
who was so carefully embalmed by the King's phy- 
sicians and carried reverently from Egypt to Hebron, 
to be laid away in Father Abraham's tomb, in the cave 
of Machpelah? What a wonderful proof of the truth- 
fulness of the Bible Story of Jacob would this be! 
We have such abundant proof now that no more is 
needed, but if Machpelah and the preserved body of 
Jacob are found, how we would like to look upon his 

There seems to be a general feeling that the city and 
Palestine will be turned over 'o the Jews, and that a 
Jewish Republic shall be established in Palestine. 
This will brighten the hopes of the Jewish Zionites 
who have been laboring for many years for the estab- 
lishment of a Jewish State and Government in the 
Land of Israel. It will also be in line with the ful- 
fillment of many prophecies. 

Jeremiah, the prophet, speaking of Jerusalem, said: 
" Behold the days come, saith the Lord, that the city 
shall be built to the Lord from the tower of Hananeel 
unto the gate of the corner. ... It shall be holy unto 
the Lord: it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down 
any more forever" (Jer. 31: 38-40). 

Once Christ, overlooking the city, said in pathetic 
voice, " O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the 
prophets, and stonest them which were sent unto thee, 
how often would I have gathered thy children to- 
gether, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her 
wings, and ye would not ! Behold, your house is left 
unto you desolate " (Matt. 23: 37, 38). Nearly 2,000 
years has this desolation been continued. Is this the 
lime of the beginning of peace and prosperity for the 
Holy City? Is the day of restoration approaching? 
The Lord knows. " Our feet shall stand within thy 
gates, O Jerusalem. . . . Pray for the peace of Jeru- 
salem: they shall prosper that love thee. Peace be 
within thy walls, and prosperity within thy palaces." 

Not the Tenth, But Much More 

Not the tenth under the Law, but more than two- 
tenths, for the people in that day gave for the support 
of their religion two regular, yearly tithes, — the one 
for the support of the priesthood and the other for a 
feast unto the Lord, which was every third year espe- 
cially for the poor of the land, — besides numerous sac- 
rifices and offerings whose monetary value is un- 

Read the law as to the tithes for yourself, as fol- 
lows: " And unto the children of Levi, behold, I have 
given all the tithe in Israel for an inheritance, in turn 
for their service which they serve, even the service of 
the tent of meeting" (Num. 18: 21). "Thou shall 
surely tithe all the increase of thy seed, that which 

cometh forth of the field year by year. And thou shalt 
eat before the Lord thy God, in the place which he 
shall choose to cause his name to dwell there, the tithe 
of thy com, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the 
firstlings of thy herd and of thy flock ; that thou may- 
est learn to fear the Lord thy God always. ... At the 
end of every three years thou shalt bring forth all the 
tithe of thine increase in the same year, and shalt lay 
it up within thy gates: and the Levite, because he hath 
no portion nor inheritance with thee, and the stranger, 
and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within 
thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; 
that the Lord thy God may bless thee in all the work 
of thy hand which thou doest " (Deut. 14: 22, 23, 28, 

Besides the tithes and offerings, all of which were 
named and required by law, the Tabernacle and Tem- 
ple were built and maintained. Their cost is not 
known, but various estimates have been made, espe- 
cially of the Temple, for it was a marvelous expendi- 
ture of labor and means. Some place the cost as high 
as two billion dollars, — more than the mind can com- 
prehend. Any way, it is certain that it cost an im- 
mense sum. The sacrifice of oxen and sheep at its 
dedication, in values of today of not less than two 
million dollars, if they were good stock, gives a hint of 
the Temple's splendor and magnificence and the oc- 
casion of its dedication. 

What Israel gave to support the Lord's work from 
first to last, all in all, is a guess. However, we 
know it was much, very much, compared with the 
gifts of today. The two yearly tithes include one- 
fifth of the gross income. Out of every one hundred 
dollars, twenty went to the Lord. And it was first; 
it was first of all. because it all belonged to the Lord. 
Add to the tithes the sacrifices and offerings, etc., and 
it mounts up. Altogether it must have been at least 
one-fourth or one-third of the gross income, — not less. 
Was religion expensive, under the Law, would you 
say? Is any of God's work "cheap"? Look at the 
hills, the valleys, the seas, the firmament, then at your- 
self, at life. 

Remember another thing: Under the Law, people 
gave by law. The amount was stipulated by the Law, 
set before the givers, and they were required by the 
same law to discharge it. It was a matter of author- 
ity. It was the constraint of law. What difference 
would it have made if the people had been placed up- 
on honor,— they to fix the amount, under the con- 
straint of love? Any? 

Under the Gospel, the plan is changed. It is a new 
plan. It is not the old plan of authority and law. The 
people are placed upon honor, under the constraint of 
love. It is on the principle that love goes to the limit 
in all things good. The amount is not definitely stipu- 
lated. It is to be a liberal proportion, as the heart pur- 
poseth under the constraint of the love of Christ and 
souls. This constraint is to be the impelling force, 
absolutely ; not grudgingly, or of necessity, but cheer- 
fully, for love never does things grudgingly or of ne- 
cessity. The time to do it is the first day of the week. 
The prosperity of the week is to be taken into account, 
and then, as .we have love for Jesus and souls, we are 
to decide the proportion to be set apart for sacred 
things. Or, in other words, we are to decide how 
much of the Lord's money is necessary for us that we 
may serve him efficiently. And the first day of the 
week, — the Lord's Day, — is love's best day. 

Listen to what the Book says: First, laying down 
the principle that sparing sowing means sparing reap- 
ing, and bountiful sowing means bountiful reaping-, 
Paul says: "Let each man do according as he hath 
purposed in his heart ; not grudgingly, or of necessity; 
for God loveth a cheerful giver" (2 Cor. 9:7). Again, 
" Upon the first day of the week let each one of you 
lay by him in store, as he may prosper" (1 Cor. 16: 2). 

How has the plan worked out in actual practice? 
The plan is certainly beautiful and high. It is always 
fine to be placed upon honor, under the constraint of 
love. It never looks good to be compelled by law and 
authority. But haw has the plan resulted? Is it be- 
cause the plan is weak? Is not a law, based upon 
love, the strongest in the world? Or are the results 
to be understood in the fact that we have not yet 
grown into the sphere of love, that only law and 

authority can impel us? Is this true? Sad, isn't it? 

Because of results under the Gospel plan, some have 
gone back to the tithe under the Law, and recommend 
it to others. I have always stood opposed to it, be- 
cause it is not good enough for the day of grace and 
love. Under the Gospel we ought to give more than 
the people gave under the Law, in the proportion that 
the Gospel is above and better than the Law. The 
tithe is not enough. And something must be done to 
lift us to see. 

To see how far short we come, let us do a little 
figuring. The Agricultural Department of the United 
States reports that the income from the farms for 1917 
is $21,000,000,000. Nothing else included in the re- 
port, as you see. It is all from the farms. It is ap- 
proximately correct. Nearly all our people are on 
farms, probably 95%, or more. But to put everything 
in our favor in the calculation, we allow that all are 
on farms, and count no income from other sources. 

Our people constitute the one-thousandth (1-1000) 
of the population of the States, and according to the 
report have a gross income this year of one-thou- 
sandth of twenty-one billion dollars, or $21,000,000,— 
just about what the farms of Lancaster County, Pa., 
produce, it is said. Two tithes of this amount equal 
$4,200,000. That is what it would be under the Law, 
not counting anything for the offerings and sacrifices. 
Or count but one tithe, as many do, and it is the sum 
of $2,100,000. How many are willing to meet such 
a record in the day of judgment? 

Would we better go back under the Law? No. No 
more Law. ' The only thing to do is to bring our- 
selves up into the Gospel measure, upon the honor of 
Christian manhood, and give from a sense of love, as 
Christ loved us and gave himself for us, and on the 
first day of the week as we are prospered. That's the 
only thing to be considered. h. c. e. 

"Again the Shadow Moveth O'er the Dial- 
Plate of Time " 

No single year in the chronology of the ages has 
been filled with such universal tragedy and uncertainty 
and depression as has the year 1917. When the year 
was in its infancy the war had assumed proportions 
that marked it the greatest in the annals of history. 
Would the new year terminate the awful cataclysm? 
All faintly hoped it would stay the red streams and 
usher in the golden age of permanent peace. 

Yet, within the space of twelve brief months the 
United States, China, Japan, Liberia, Panama, Siam, 
Brazil and Cuba have swung out of the neutral column, 
and the life-blood of each is now helping to swell the 

The nations engaged in the conflict are staggering 
beneath burdens to which leaden weights are daily add- 
ed; other countries are involved to the extent of 
strained, and in some cases severed, diplomatic rela- 
tions, and the cloud which is enveloping the world 
takes on deeper black as days pass and the year dies. 

What problems face the year 1918! The bloody 
battles that will be fought, the national burdens that 
must be borne, the complications that are inevitable, 
the physical suffering that tens of thousands will have 
to endure, the vacant chairs that will multiply and the 
hearts that will bleed and reel and faint are beyond 
human contemplation. 

The coming year will be- brave, from its infancy to 
its age. The divine in man is rapidly rising above the 
human, — the heart of the race will not retreat. De- 
mocracy suffers and staggers, but it will ever march 
on. Right does not even pause to drop a tear on the 
battlefield of defeat, — in its eyes, defeat is temporary, 
and occasion for stimulus and victory is ahead. 

Behind the cloud the sun still shines, and all who 
look up can glimpse the silver lining. The year 1917 
has witnessed the longest strides of prohibition in the 
history of this righteous movement; the wells of gen- 
erosity have gushed forth as never before in the history 
of the race; the human heart has been pierced with the 
''arrows of necessity, and clearer meditation upon the 
great realities of life is the result; materialism has re- 
ceived blows from which it will never recover, and the 
Christian religion, — nearer and dearer to the universal 
heart, — is coming into its own. — Christian Standard. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 


The Saddest Words 

' Of all sad words of tongue or pen, 
The saddest are these: 'It might have be 

And many a kind and comforting word, 
Is born in our hearts, but dies unheard. 
A " might have been," often seals a fate 
And ends in the wailing "Too late, too 

The Sword Passage 

" And he said unto them, When I sent you forth with- 
out purse, and wallet, and shoes, lacked ye anything? And 
they said, Nothing. And he said unto them, But now, he 
that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise a wallet; 
and he that hath none, let him sell his cloak, and buy a 
sword. For I say unto you, that this which is written 
must be fulfilled in me, And he was reckoned with trans- 
gressors: for that which concerneth me hath fulfilment. 
And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And 
he said unto them, It is enough" (Luke 22: 35-38). 

The above passage of Scripture is being frequently 
used and quoted these days, probably on account of 
the great war conflict. I quote below the comments 
of three well-known and reputable commentators on 
the subject. Taken together, these three commentaries 
probably give a consensus of the best conservative 
Christian scholarship and opinion on the above pas- 
sage. The reason for quoting the authors named, I 
give briefly at the close of the article. 

1. "The International Critical Commentary," St. 
Luke (Plummer), verses 35-38: "The New Condi- 
tions; the Saying About the Sword. The opening 
words mark the beginning of a new subject; and there 
is no indication of any connection with what precedes. 
It is one more proof of his care for them. Precautions 
and equipments, which would have hindered them in 
more peaceful times, have become necessary now. 
What he formerly forbade, he now enjoins. 

" Verse 35 : ' When I sent you forth,' etc. In this 
verse the word 'sword' is not used. See Commen- 

*' Verse 36: ' He that hath no purse, let him sell his 
garment and buy a sword,' or, ' He that hath no sword, 
let him sell his garment and buy one.' The former is 
far the more probable. Only he who has no money or 
wallet, would sell the most necessary of garments 
(himation) to buy anything. Eut even the himation, 
an upper garment, is less indispensable than a sword ; 
so dangerous are their surroundings. For henceforth 
the question with all those who continue in the land 
will not be whether they possess anything or not, but 
whether they can exist and preserve their lives." Christ 
implies that his apostles will have to rely upon their 
own resources and to confront deadly hostility. Christ 
does not mean that they are to repel force by force ; 
still less that they are to use force in spreading the 
Gospel. But in a figure, likely to be remembered, he 
warns them of the changed circumstances for which 
they must now be prepared. 

" Verse 37. In this "verse the word ' sword ' is not 
mentioned. See Commentary. 

" Verse 38. Makairai, swords. Chrysostom has 
supposed that these were two knives, prepared for the 
slaughtering (verse 8) or carving of the paschal lamb. 
In itself this is not improbable; but nowhere else in 
the New Testament does makairai mean a knife. As- 
suming that swords are meant, these weapons may 
have been provided against robbers on the journey to 
Jerusalem, or against attack in the city. Peter had one 
of them and may have been the speaker here. It is 
one more instance of the apostles' want of insight, and 
of the evangelists' candor. 

" ' It is enough.' The reply is probably the equiva- 
lent for a Hebrew formula for dismissing the subject, 
not with impatience, but with satiety or sorrow. But 
even if it means that two swords are sufficient quanti- 

ty, it intimates that the subject is dismissed. If the 
words apply to the swords, they are spoken with a sad 
irony, as meaning, not that two weapons will be suf- 
ficient for the protection of the company, but that none 
at all are required: they have grievously misunder- 
stood him." 

Thus ends Dr. Plummer on the passage. It must be 
observed that Dr. Plummer gives his conception of the 
passage in verses 35-38, at the beginning, when he 
says : " The New Conditions," etc. Any attempt to 
explain Plummer's exposition of the passage, apart 
from his introduction, is unwise, unfair and spurious 

2. " Cambridge Greek Testament," by Farrar: 
"Verse 36: 'Alia nun,' but now. This was an inti- 
mation of their totally changed relation to the world. 
There was no spontaneous hospitality, no peaceful ac- 
ceptance, no honored security, to be looked for now. 

" ' He that hath not,' let him, etc. Of course the 
expression was not to be taken with unintelligent 1 it — 
eralness. It was in accordance with that kind, meta- 
phorical method of expression which our blessed Lord 
adopted that his words might never be forgotten. It 
was to warn them of days of hatred and opposition, in 
which self-defense might become a daily necessity, 
though not aggression." 

3. Dummelow, " The One Volume Bible Commen- 
tary": "'And he that hath no sword.' The better 
translation is : ' And he that hath no money and no 
scrip, let him sell his cloak and buy a sword.' The 
meaning is that the danger will be so great, that self- 
defense will be of primary importance. The best 
course for a man who has no money, will be to sell his 
cloak to buy a sword to defend himself. Swords stand 
for all lawful means of self-defense. When St. Paul 
pleaded before Nero, he doubtless employed counsel 
to defend him. This was buying a sword in the sense 

" Verse 38, ' Here are two swords.' The disciples 
thought that Jesus advised them to buy swords to pro- 
tect him from arrest. They pointed out therefore that 
they had two already, with which they were prepared 
to defend him. Seeing himself misunderstood, Jesus 
abruptly closed the conversation with the words, ' It is 
enough,' i. e., enough of this trifling. He had intended 
the disciples to ' buy swords ' (i. e., take measure) for 
their own safety, not for his. He himself was resolved 
to die, but he wished their lives to be preserved." 

People should be very careful in quoting authors in 
the pulpit and in public address. Some make de- 
tached, isolated and partial quotations, simply to suit 
their preconceived, misconceived or immature thought, 
— simply to gain their point. They apply the notes at- 
tached to one verse to an entirely different verse. This 
is not right. Such procedure is deceptive and makes 
false impressions. It does not speak well for intellec- 
tual honesty. If an author or commentator on a verse 
or passage of Scripture is quoted, he should be quoted 
not in part but in full. Whatever we do, we should 
not forget our Christian manhood and integrity. Let 
us be fair. May I bespeak for any one who attempts 
to handle or interpret the Bible, that that person ob- 
serve the following Christian graces, viz., sincerity, 
honesty, truthfulness. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

A Chapel Talk on Dancing 


Sometime ago I was asked by some of our college 
girls to tell them what I thought of the dance. Instead 
of answering them there, I gave to the whole school 
part of what I am sending for the Messenger, in the 
hope that it may be helpful to those of its readers who 
may be halting in their minds as to the innocence or 
harmfulness of this amusement. 

I will speak of the ancient dance, its forms and its 
purposes; the modern dance, its forms, purpose, and 
what it leads to. 

Perhaps the most primitive forms of art are the 
symbolic dance and the choral chant. 

Dickinson, in his " History of the Western Church," 
insists that "the festival creates the artist." Festivals 
among primitive races, as among ancient cultured peo- 
ple, are all distinctly religious. 

Dancing was not, in the early ages, practiced by the 
higher and middle classes. Its cultivation was carried 
on only for religious and spectacular occasions ; the 
social clement never gained prominence. 

The prime feature, in the earlier forms, in worship 
among the Hebrews, was the dance. Its function was 
as important as that of music in the modern church, 
and its effects were in many ways closely analogous. 
The dance was an outburst of mourning, thanksgiving, 
praise, supplication, humiliation. 

Illustrations of audible and physical manifestations 
of joy, which culminated in singing and dancing, are 
found in the festival procession of women, led by Mir- 
iam, where she danced to the sound of trumpets, in 
itself an act of worship, before the overthrow of the 

Deborah and Judith led songs and dances in same 
manner, other women imitating in detail their leader. 
(Read Ex. 15: 20-21 ; 2 Sam. 6: 14; 1 Sam. 18:6,7.) 
David danced before the ark. The psalmist, in Psa. 
149: 3, exhorted people to use the dance to God's 

The Hebrew dance took the form of springing 
round in n whole circle, one heel of the left foot singly, 
— twisting, whirling, circular movements; it was prac- 
ticed mostly by women, either singly or in groups. 
When men engaged in dances, it was among them- 

Sometimes both men and women danced at cele- 
brations, but always in groups separated one from the 

In Syria, Asia Minor, and Babylon, dancing was a 
wild orgy, — licentious, and productive of frenzy. It 
is thought that the Israelites engaged in this kind of 
dance while in the desert, around the golden calf, 
where Moses became so angry that he broke the law, — 
the ten commandments, — for which he was never rep- 

In Greece the dance was religious and educational. 
There the dance was raised to its highest possibilities, 
expressiveness and beauty, to the dignity of a fine art. 
Could it have retained this standard, it would have had 
attached to it the dignity that now surrounds sculpture, 
music and painting. But it became popular and be- 
gun to decline. 

Sedate Rome considered it a disgrace for a free 
citizen to dance except in connection with religion. 
Cicero said: "No one ever dances unless drunk or 
mad." Upon the dedication of Greece, Rome inherited 
its arts and dances. They became widely popular and, 
like so much that was noble in Greek art, dancing was 
degraded in the transfer. 

After the fall of Rome, dancing, as an art, in all its 
finest devr.'opment, with all its scope, bewitchment and 
power, became nearly a lost art. 

The early Christians used the dance at special re- 
ligious celebrations, but this dance finally degenerated 
and certain features, as nocturnal festivities, gave rise 
to scandal. The church authorities began to condemn 
them, and bestirred themselves to eliminate the peril- 
ous associations from the religious ceremony. 

In the enlightened countries the ancient religious 
dance has practically ceased to exist. The Christian 
devotee no longer feels inclined to give vent to his 
happiness in physical movements, for there is mingled 
with his rapture a sense of awe and submission, con- 
straining him to adore and be silent. 

In all eastern countries today we are told that the 
dance is really a sort of pantomime, consisting of a 
series of gestures and postures, the study of which is 
very amusing. As we take it up, country by country, 
we find that they still dance singly, not promiscuously, 
the sexes being apart. 

I have dwelt at some length on the ancient dance, to 
impress you with the contrast of that dance with the 
American modern dance. All who see life in any 
small degree know that today dancing is the most pop- 
ular form of entertainment in America. It is the pas- 
time of rural and city homes, public schools, colleges, 
universities, and many churches. Men and women 
dance, not singly but promiscuously, in close physical 
contact, folded in each other's embrace, at all and any 
hours, day or night, public or private, on special oc- 
casion or without occasion, having received the dance 
in its debased and corrupted form. Carmen, in his 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 

book on " Making of Personality," says that America's 
nearest approach to the artistic dance is but a stiffened 
relic of art as art. 

Statistics show that we have in this country 200,- 
000 dancing masters,— 2,000 in New York alone,— that 
the attendance at the dancing classes at the social cen- 
ters of the Chicago public school system was, last year, 

A recent visitor to public school grounds found that 
during recess a number of the pupils, instead of spend- 
ing their time in healthful recreation, were locked in 
each other's arms, giving them the motion of the "one 

Most colleges have this form of amusement so 
strongly marked that young men and women who re- 
fuse to dance are called " mollycoddles," and taunted 
about being " tied to mother's apron strings," until life 
there is a burden. 

Open your eyes when at the beaches or any other 
resorts, and when you pick up your morning paper see 
the number of dancing parties given; listen to conver- 
sations ; know their popularity. 

Wherein consists the charm of this popular dance? 
Your daughter tells you it is such a " charming " exer- 
cise, and gives grace and poise. Probably it does lend 
outward grace ; it lightens the body and, other things 
being equal, the dance, if practiced as an art, as well as 
a physical exercise, affords an outlet of expression for 
higher personality. Please don't misunderstand me. 
Dancing as an art is practically lost. Is it the exer- 
cise? Is it the music? Who could listen for five or 
six hours to the sweetest strains ever played? Why 
not learn the music yourself and play it at home? Oth- 
er girls say: "Oh, it's the poetry of the motion with 
music." Very well, then ! why could not girls and 
hnys get together separately and have a good time 
with "poetry of motion with music"? Is that the 
charm? Oh, we want friends of the opposite sex to 
help enjoy it. 

We must come to hut one conclusion. It is the 
forms of our modern American dance that make it so 
attractive. Can you look squarely into plain facts, 
parents, children? The giddy whirl, the contact of 
physical bodies of the opposite sex, partners folded in 
embrace, — Ihese are forms which appeal to the sensual 
emotions of the lowest natures ; they make America's 
dance " charming " yet destructive. 

A dancing master, of years of experience, says that 
people who will not admit the above statement to be 
true, either do not know anything about dancing, or 
practice the abomination, and enjoy it far too well to 
concede its harmfulness. He also says : " Liberties 
are permitted on the dance floor which would cause 
murder and arrest elsewhere." 

The dance floor revises all our standards of conven- 
tionalities. The minute one steps on the floor, the 
code, held only a few minutes before, no longer ap- 

William Sunday, in his recent bombardment of the 
dance, in Los Angeles, called it a " hugging match set 
to music," " a sexual love feast." 

Those who know most about the dance, in detail, 
and will confess, say that in the lustful contact of 
partners lies the straightest path to ruin of the young 
man or wom;m who holds precious that jewel, — virtue. 

Will you face some statistics of evils that follow the 
dunce? As a fact, two-thirds of all girls who fall, fall 
through the dance. Of the 2,500 abandoned women of 
San Francisco, three-fourths were led to their sad con- 
dition through the dance. The president of the Danc- 
ing Masters' Association admits that three-fourths of 
inhabitants of the segregated district are there from 
the ball-room, and in these " hell holes " is where the 
notorious underworld round dance, called " one-step," 
originated. Three-fourths of all the five and six thou- 
sand prostitutes, who yearly go down in New York 
City, attribute their fall to dancing. " To close the 
doors of the brothel, close first the doors of the danc- 
ing school." — Faulkner. Eighty per- cent of the thou- 
sands of the underworld inhabitants have been mem- 
bers of some church where dancing was permitted. 

The Catholic Church has issued a decree, forbidding 
dancing at church entertainments. The Methodists 
forbid all dancing. The Church of the Brethren has 
long opposed the dance, though I never heard any 

teaching concerning the reasons for being against it, 
except in my home. Did you? 

Mothers, who consent to their daughters and sons 
learning to dance, think, of course, " My children are 
too strong to be led astray. They do not expect real- 
ly to dance, — just to learn how," not knowing, perhaps, 
that modern dancing is as destructive to moral char- 
acter, as water is to fire, and undermines moral 

Parents, know that if your child " learns " to dance, 
he or she will do the real dance sometime, and not 
alone, either. 

Some parents contend: "There's no harm in parlor 
dancing." How many parents are able to restrict their 
children to parlor dancing?^ Not one in ten thousand. 
They may be content at first, but soon want the real 
thing and often will, if strictly forbidden, deceive the 
parents, and dance at times and places of which the 
parents know not. Will you not teach children to halt 
at the beginning of sin, parents,? Keep them from tak- 
ing the first step and they will never take the last. 

What all amusement loving people are seeking is 
pleasure. We are told by philosophers that perfect hap- 
piness comes only from pleasure attractive to our mor- 
al nature in its purity and perfection. Then I plead 
with you, young men and women, don't try to find it 
in the lustful rudeness of the American modern, pro- 
Rev. T. D. Talmage calls it "Social dissipation, de- 
filer of soul, avenue of lust and the curse of every 
town in America." 

How can parents feel so secure when they send their 
children to schools where this destroyer of moral char- 
acter is upheld, or even taught? Some members of 
our own church have encouraged their daughters to 
learn to dance. 

Parents, children, read the startling new book, "The 
Lure of the Dance," by ex-Dancing Master Faulkner, 
of the Pacific Coast. His burning appeal to parents is : 
" Will you not take warning, and avoid the awful re- 
sponsibility that will rest upon you if you subject your 
daughter to temptation which may cause the loss of 
purity, disgrace, — even of life itself, — perhaps a sui- 
cide's grave? Save yourself and your child a broken 

My prayer is that God will open the eyes of parents, 
ministers, teachers, and Sunday-school superintend- 
ents, that they may throw out the danger signal, that 
dull eyes may be opened, that the hearts of American 
people may be awakened and made willing to acknowl- 
edge the dangers to body and soul of this, the devil's 
art. Let us use fearlessly our tongue and pen against 
this most popular amusement, the modern promiscu- 
ous dance of America. 

La Verne, CaJ. 

Life of Elder W. R. Deeter 


Eld. William R. Deeter, of Milford, Ind., closed 
is earthly career Dec. 26, 1917, at the ripe old age 
of seventy-seven years, eleven 
months and twenty-six days. 
He was born in Miami County, 
Ohio, Jan. 1, 1840. His par- 
ents were John and Sarah Reed 

As a boy, Bro. Deeter had a 
strong desire for an education. 
He attended Antioch College, 
Ohio, shortly after the death of 
the renowned president of that 
institution, Horace Mann. 
About this time Bro. Deeter 
wrote to Eld. James Quinter, asking him whether the 
Brethren had a school for her young people. Bro. 
Quinter replied that he was sorry the Brethren did not 
have, but hoped that some time they would. 

Bro. Deeter taught in the public schools for eighteen 
consecutive terms. His early thirst for knowledge was 
never satisfied. He continued to be a student through- 
out life, a close student of human nature, a constant 
reader of current periodicals, and of books, chief of 
which was his Bible. 


i married to Sarah Sipes, Sept.. 30, 1860. To 

them were born three sons, — Edward D., now of Mi- 
ami, New Mex., Eld. Manly H., of Milford, Ind., and 
John, of Mooringsport, La. In 1866 Brother and Sis- 
ter Deeter moved to Delaware County, Ind., and set- 
tled on a farm south of Eaton, where he continued to 
-teach school. In 1871 they located five miles north of 
Muncie. In 1881 they moved to Kosciusko County, 
Ind., locating three miles southeast of Milford. Here 
they resided until March, 1906, when they moved to 
Milford. Sister Deeter was the faithful and efficient 
associate of her husband in his work, until the Master 
called her home May 30, 1912. This was during the 
York Conference, of which Bro. Deeter was to have 
been a member of the Standing Committee. The 
prayers of that great Conference went up to God in his 

Jan. 5, 1914, he was married to Sister Mariah Eiken- 
berry, of West Alexandria, Ohio. Together they 
spent three happy years, until Sister Deeter was called 
home, Jan. 25, 1917. Since then Bro. Deeter has made 
his home with his son Manly. 

In March, 1871, Bro. Deeter was called to the min- 
istry in the Mississinewa church. As a result of his 
ability and faithfulness, he was ordained to the full 
ministry within three years. He soon gave up teach- 
ing, to devote his time to his holy calling. He was 
active and successful in evangelistic work. He was 
able and faithful in setting forth the doctrines of the 
church. When he moved to Northern Indiana he was 
in the southern bounds of the Solomon's Creek church. 
Soon after this, the Bethel church was organized, with 
Bro. Deeter as minister and presiding elder. For a 
third of a century he has been the faithful servant of 
this congregation, serving much of the time as elder in 
charge. During this time he has also been in charge 
of a number of other churches. Pine Creek, Bethany, 
Washington, Yellow River, Tippecanoe, Ft. Wayne, 
Markle, etc., have had the benefit of his shepherding 

Bro. Deeter has been a recognized leader in his 
State District. He attended thirty-sjx District Con- 
ferences in succession. Of these meetings he was 
Moderator fourteen times, and represented his District 
eight times on the Standing Committee. He was wide- 
ly known throughout the Brotherhood. Of the An- 
nual Conference he was Reading Clerk in 1885, and 
Moderator in 1898. He has served on many very im- 
portant committees, appointed by the Conference. For 
years he was a member of the Advisory Board of 
Manchester College, and always took a great interest 
in the welfare of this institution. 

Bro. Deeter possessed many extraordinary charac- 
teristics. He never ceased to be a student. He took 
a keen interest in all the literature of the church. He 
was a daily reader of current events. He~was on the 
watch for new and helpful books. Above all, he was 
a daily reader of the Bible, and for some time has been 
reporting every Sunday at least twenty-one chapters 
read. These studious habits kept him young in 

He took a great interest in young people, in whom 
he had great confidence as to their ability and faith- 
fulness to carry on the work of the church. They, too, 
had the greatest of respect for Grandpa Deeter, whom 
they knew to be their friend. Many a young minister 
in the church found in him a true and helpful church 
father, to whom they could safely go for counsel and 

Between Bro. W. R. Deeter and his son, Eld. Manly 
Deeter, there have been the strongest and closest ties 
and most pleasant associations. For twenty years 
they have worked together in the ministry. It was a 
source of great pleasure to the father to have his son 
so nobly follow him in the work of the church. 

His preaching was of the solid, thoughtful type. 
He always gave to his hearers the impression that he 
had thought through the message he was giving. He 
was cool and deliberate in all his work. This gave him 
a special fitness for committee work. He was seldom 
excited. Neither the. most trying circumstances nor 
perplexing problems could prevent his taking a good 
night's sleep. This partly explained the good preser- 
vation of his physical powers. 

His last and almost his only sickness was of short 
duration. On Christmas morning he spoke of not feel- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 

in°- so well, yet he did some writing at his desk, and was 
heard singing, " I am happy in Jesus, my Savior and 
King." He went to the Bethany church for services. 
While here he became violently ill, and was removed to 
iiis home in a semiconscious condition. The next morn- 
ing he rallied, and made all funeral arrangements. 
That evening, after a short period of intense agony, 
he was called home. Funeral services, held at the 
Church of the Brethren near the home, on Sunday, 
were conducted by the writer, assisted by Eld. Milo 
Geyer. The following elders acted as pall-bearers : 
David Metzler, J. F. Appleman, Henry Wysong, Chas. 
Arnold, John Stout and F. O. Richcreek. Bro. Deeter 
leaves three sons, one brother, one sister, ten grand- 
children and two great-grandchildren. His only 
brother, J. B. Deeter, of West Milton, Ohio, our An- 
nual Meeting Treasurer, could not be present. 
North Manchester, hid. 

Our Visit to Camps Meade, Mills and 

Having been elected by the Southeastern District of 
Pennsylvania. New Jersey, and Eastern New York, to 
look after the interests. of our boys in the various Camps, 
I have thus far visited three Camps. 

Nov. 12 I visited Camp Meade, spending two days there, 
visiting the boys in service and those of the Conscientious 
Objectors in the Detention Camp. I found a lot of the 
boys taking training whom I knew, and who were ex- 
ceedingly glad to see me. 

The first one I met is a cook in the Officers' Mess Bar- 
racks. He took'me in, introduced me to the rest of the 
boys and served me with pie of their own making. 1 
found a lot of the boys from our District in the 304th 
Company of Engineers. They surely seemed glad for 
my visit to them, f received the most courteous treat- 
ment from the officers in charge. 

By permission of the Mess Sergeant, the boys invited 
me to mess with them, which I gladly accepted. The 
meal was very good, considering the conditions under 
which it was served. 

The second day there I spent with the Conscientious 
Objectors. They "were just moving that day and offered 
many apologies for the condition of their barracks. By 
permission of their superior officer, 1 preached for them 
at 4 o'clock. An officer was present at the service. 

As many of our Brethren visit Camp Meade from the 
surrounding Districts, the boys there receive much en- 
couragement and my presence there was not so much 
needed, as the following will prove. 

By far the most pressing need of help to our boys is 
at Camp Mills, Long Island, N. Y. Here the famous 
Rainbow Divisions are made up and many are sent from 
this Camp "somewhere" The soldiers here have canvas 
tents to stay in, while at Camp Meade they have wooden 
barracks. This proves that this Camp, so far as I know, is 
but for a short stay. I am the only minister of our church 
that has been at Camps Mills and Merritt. 

On information from California that two of our breth- 
ren were there, and needed help, I immediately went 
over. I found -eight Conscientious Objectors there but 
only two of our own church. Two were Mennonites, three 
Brethren in Christ and one is a Jew. Later I found a third 
one of our Brethren, also from California, but he is taking 
the service without objection. 

Our boys asked for a transfer to another Camp or to 
noncombatant service, I took it up with the Chief of 
Staff and asked for the transfer. All the officers told me 
that Camp Mills was no place for a Conscientious Ob- 
jector, that they were all fighting men-there. I was told 
that they would gladly transfer them with the proper 
orders from Washington. I was promised that all the 
boys would be transferred to noncombatant service in the 

More than a week passed by and no order for transfer 
came. Que of the boys telegraphed me: "Come at once. 
Are going somewhere. No transfer yet." 1 immediately 
took it up with the Governor of our State, who gave me 
permission to send a telegram to the Camp Headquarters, 
and sign bis name as Governor. 

This brought a response. Immediately the transfer was 
made for all the Conscientious Objectors. They were 
scattered throughout the Camp, and assigned to what the 
Camp officials regarded as noncombatant service— mostly 
in the Medical Companies of the different regiments. This, 
I think, is still questionable in the minds of many. 

The boys all felt they ought not be sent over seas, and 
to this end we worked hard. I was treated with the 
kindest consideration and allowed the freedom of the 
Camp on days not visiting days. 

I was compelled to make four visits to this Camp to 
help our boys, but still I fear that I did not get done what 
ought to have been done. The officials there told me they 
would gladly send the Conscientious Objectors to any 
other Camp on orders from Washington. 

The private secretary of our Governor told me he heard 
Secretary of War, Baker, say to the Governor that he, — 

the Secretary of War,— would gladly ordcf a change on 
recommendation from the officers of the Camp where the 
Conscientious Objectors arc. On account of this, we are 
handicapped and need to know where the real issue lies. 

I lost valuable time in pressing this claim because of 
the shifting of this authority. I am convinced of a few 
citings that we need to know definitely, — a few things to 
advise our .boys in such an hour as Camp Mills presents. 
The stand needs to be taken at the very beginning of 
Camp life After the uniform has once been put on, and 
a gun taken, it is hard to retrace the steps. 

Sonic of our boys iffay be asking too much in the way 
of noncombatant service. Can they compel oilr boys to 
go over to the other side? Lately we have learned that 
our boys will not be sent over seas, but some have al- 
ready been sent,— " through error."— Washington claims. 
My visit to Camp Merritt was to head off these boys 
who were being sent against orders from Washington. 
But then I was too late. The boys were already on the 
waters, although on a venture wc appealed again to Wash- 
ington and had an order issued to the commander of this 
Camp to hold a certain brother. Washington says they 
don't understand why their orders arc not obeyed and the 
young men held. 

I do not know. Possibly it is like this: The officer in 
charge assumes that the Medical Company is noncombatant 
service and as that is all we ask for, wc have a right to go 
where sent. 

I am glad for the Conference that has been called. It 
is the best wc can do now, but I am thoroughly con- 
vinced we should have met the issue a little more bravely 
earlier in the strife. It would have helped a lot. 

Wc need more uniformity of treatment for our boys in 
the various Camps. Wc need to know WHAT to ask for 
our boys and how MUCH we can ask. 

Col. May. of the 162d United States Infantry at Camp 
Mills, in whose regiment are most of the Conscientious 
Objectors who came from Camp Lewis in the State of 
Washington, told me that he didn't want them in his regi- 
ment, and that it was a mistake to send them to this 
Camp. He didn't know what to do with them. He said 
that he never had them before. He acted the gentleman 
in every way, and told me I would have the thanks of 
every officer in the Camp if I could be the means of get- 
ting rid of them. It was he who secured me an inter- 
view with the highest officer of the Camp, but this high- 
est officer of the Camp only shifted the responsibility on 
to Washington. 

I trust we can find the key to unlock the difficulty. 

M. C. Swigart. 
6611 Gcrmantown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Sisters' Bible elnsi 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

Cbemberlen, will be absent for seven 

einl Conference. — Mrs. Temple S. Fnnl 

Kmplre.— The revival wbieli began 

Christian Workers: Sister Susie Domino, president of Junior 
Christian Workers.— Aaron M. Beehtel. Empire, Col.. Dec. 22. 
Glenrlora. We held our council Dec. 22, with our elder, Pro. 

. .„<,..enger " agent; the writer. 
ipondent; Bro. Ira Net/ley. superintendent of the Sunday- 
school. We deoided to send SIT. of nor Sunday-sehoo] money to. 
the suffering Armenians. On Thanksgiving evening we had a 
gone and praise service Our Thanksgiving offering of SS4.32 was 
taken on the following Sunday, Hail" of the offering Is to go to 
Ihe \rnienii,ns the other half to the Home Mission Board. Wc 
were pleased to have Bro. Lehman, of I.a Verne, with us for sev- 
eral Sundays, while our pastor was away in other fields of labor. 
-Sallie K. Miller. Glendora, Cat. Dec. 26. 

laTetne.- Our Sunday-school celebrated Christmas with ap- 
propriate exercises. The primary and beginners' departments held 

their ..xeroses ..n Wed lay afternoon before Christmas and the 

main, school on the Friday evening before As has been our eus- 
tom for a number of year., it was a '■giving Christmas on the 
part of our pupils. Tho primary and beginners brought nuts. 

elected were Rrethr 
mer Frnntz: R 

.T. M. Ron* [li-fslillnir 

■Srlinol Sll|..TllL.r'.l<l..[ll 

i Workers. Bro. Tlei 

II. SI r 

! Orpl.n Pnnkcr In charge of tlio work. 

ml the Ohrlstmnn program on Snndny 

?n were held on ChrlstmnR Tiny nnd n 

1 II'I cil I'm- A rni i' n I.hi snfTiTi'1-s. — Mury 

reelected elder . 

— Onr chnreh met in coilncir Dee. 20. 1 
riirlstlnn Workers nnd Junior Worker 

i ir.'.nmi. nn\ ?or,. i\„- 

n.; Ditvid Cnle. of Citronellp, Alii. We 
, of Elgin, III., to hold n series of meet- 
come, the home ministers tire holding 

articles. -Sister . 

Kind to hnve'Tiro. E. 

Prist. Mlddletnjrg, 

hovs. left onr old 1 
Co.intv, Iowa, .vher 

,- Niswundcr. Mnriunnn. Fin., Jnn. 
he home of Brother nnd Sister 

. - . Felth 

" Messenger" «.*. 

.ngregntlon, and Sister Corn Cn 

nnd dinner tngetlu 
■p.rn'-pindi-nt for the soi 

vas p'reVentand also Bro. S. A. Honberger of Tampa Bro^.T 
i- no! l,,rn' .u' Planl Cltv. and Brethren ,T. 1. Felthon-e and 
,TD. Bnsbor.'or Semioole We deelae.l to eoutlnue the «nP°ljt- 
meot near Dade City as usual on the noonday of the month. 
The members in Tampa will hold a weekly E ?™' *"" £*.„" 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 


Living a Day at a Time 


If we really stQp to think or ask ourselves this ques- 
tion, it would really seem impossible for us to live 
more than one day at a lime. But did you ever notice 
how we arc always hoping or wishing for something 
that is going to happen in the future, or worrying or 
rejoicing over things that have happened in the past? 
If so, you will notice that we really talk more about 
the davs that have gone, and the days which arc to 
come than the present day, — today. 

Perhaps most of us have heard the old saying: 
" Never cross the bridge before you get to it." If we 
live rightly today, and live rightly each day, as it 
comes to us. we are sure to cross the bridge in safety. 
So let us not worry about the future, for the future 
will soon be the present, and the present will soon be 
the past. 

In our daily life there are things which must be done 
day after day. — Ihc same things over and over. Take 
our meals, — we must have them daily,— just one day 
at a time. We can not eat a great amount at once, and 
then wait a week or two before eating again. Is not 
the same thing true in our spiritual life? How can 
we be true, strong, healthy Christians if we are not 
fed day by day with manna which only our Heavenly 
Father can provide for us? But can we expect to be 
fed with bread from heaven if we do not ask and seek 
daily the Father's care and guidance? Luke 9: 23 
says: "And he said unto them all, If any man will 
come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his 
cross daily, and follow me." 
Middlebury, hid. 

The Gospel Messenger 

An Appreciation 

We were traveling in the West, True, we had been 
away from our homes in Indiana only a few weeks, 
but we had seen so many people and so much and 
varied scenery, that the time seemed like months in- 
stead of weeks. We bad seen some of the semiarid 
district of Southern Colorado, and bad come back to 
the irrigated portions of the northern part of the 

A hospitable-looking farmer asked us to " stop for 
dinner." As the kitchen door opened, his pleasant 
wife and daughter welcomed us most kindly. Some- 
how. I felt very much at home, but I did not yet know 
1 was in the home of a brother and sister in the Lord. 
Oh! how much we ought to appreciate this blessed 
relationship! The wife led the way down to the sit- 
ting-room, — for the house was, by construction, a 
semi-dugout, partly a " soddy," and a few steps down 
into the ground. As a matter of economy, safety, con- 
venience and warmth, the idea was a good one. The 
Sitting-room looked so homey and comfortable. The 
furnishings showed none of that touch-me-not statcli- 
ncss of so much parlor furniture one sees in many 
places, but the couch, rockers, table and all were iw- 

As I looked around, my eyes caught a most familiar 
scene. In a paper rack above the table T saw a stack 
of Gospel Messengers. My heart leaped for joy. 
Surely I fell at home then. And it had been weeks 
since I had seen a Gospel Messenger. How good it 
looked! Familiar? Yes. Why, it was the same Mes- 
senger my parents and sisters were reading, back in 
Indiana that same week, — in September, 1907. Al- 
most unconsciously I had opened it and was looking 
for my favorite pages, to see who had written and 
what was each one's message for the Messenger read- 
ers that week. 

Surely, I felt at home. It did not take long to find 
out we were truly being entertained by a brother and 
sister, — strangers, yes, but all children of the same 
Loving Heavenly Father. I have so often thought of 
that home, and the Gospel Messengers I saw there, 
and I have thought of their Christian hospitality and 
love for others of God's children whom they had nev- 
er seen. God remember and bless each one of them, 

even now, and make them a blessing still to others. 

Do we appreciate God as we should ? Do we love 
his Son Jesus, who died for us? Do we cherish the 
Holy Spirit, the Comforter, as our daily Guide and 
Companion? Do we value the church and its bless- 
ings and holy relationships? Do we prize the fellow- 
ship of the saints? Do we treasure the love of our 
brethren and sislers in the Lord? Do we? Stop just 
now, and thank God heartily for all these, and pray, 
too, that those who edit and contribute to the Mes- 
senger may be led of God to be a blessing in this way 
to many. 

Syracuse, Ind. 

retrenchment. If the Gospel was needed in times of 
peace, it is doubly needed in the time of war. We 
must, therefore, expand in ministering to the souls of 

False Economy 

Head nt Christian Workers' Meeting nt Mt. Morris. 111., 
by Sister Berniec Sampsoll 

Never in the history of our big, rich, wasteful coun- 
try have we heard, as we are now hearing, the cry of 
economy. We are being urged to save fuel, food, 
clothing and everything else on which we can possibly 
economize, so that there may be enough not only for 
ourselves, but for our hard-pressed allies in the world 
war. And that is right, for victory or defeat will de- 
pend upon it. 

But suppose, in our efforts to save, we should say : 
" Well, there is a great deal of money being spent on 
keeping schools and libraries open. Let us close them 
and win the war sooner." Or suppose it were de- 
clared : " The money that is spent on heating and light- 
ing our churches is extravagance. Let us do without 
services while the war lasts." What would happen? 
Well, perhaps, we would win an earlier victory, but we 
should come out of it as a nation without a mind or 
soul, — a mere monster of brute force, with no future, 
and with ignorance and vice rampant everywhere. 

And, again, suppose the church in America, while 
realizing the need of constant service for the welfare 
of our own country, should say: " All this money we 
are spending on foreign missions would go a great way 
toward caring for the victims of the war. We will de- 
vote it to Red Cross work, closing our mission church- 
es, schools and hospitals until the war is over." We 
can see at once what a vast mistake this would be,— 
how the open doors would swing shut in our faces, 
and the opportunities, we have so long worked and 
prayed for, would slip from our fingers, — our con- 
verts would disappear and darkness would settle down 
on those bright spots where the missionary light has 
been shining, — darkness blacker than ever for the con- 

Well, of course, wc will not do these things. Who 
ever thought wc would? But listen, dear people! 
Where does the money for these things come from? 
Who gives it? You? And suppose you say: "There 
are so many demands, and so I feel that so much of 
my money is needed for the Red Cross, or the other 
agencies at work, I guess I will have to curtail my 
missionary Thanksgiving offering, or my usual gift to 
the Anniversary Gicst, or my Christmas Offering, — or 
all of them"? And suppose the rest of our people 
would do the same. Can't we see what false economy 
it is, even from a business standpoint, to let our work- 
go backward, no matter what the crisis? To lose the 
ground we have labored hard to gain and have all 
these schools and hospitals stand idle? 

No ! Give all the time and labor and money to the 
Red Cross and every other agency that works for our 
beloved country and relieves the suffering of other 
lands. Deny yourself all the pleasures and indulgen- 
ces possible, and do not only your " bit " but your ut- 
most in these critical days. But let no sick woman in 
India go away unhealed because of you. Let no child 
in Africa be sent back to the bush because of your fail- 
ure. Let no needy body or mind in all our mission 
fields go unfed. Let no light be quenched. Let no 
soul go out in darkness because you practiced a false 
economy. We must give more, — not less, — no mat- 
ter what the sacrifice. 

A writer in the Biblical World says: "The church 
must resolutely refuse to class its expenditures for 
the missions at home and abroad, for the welfare of 
society and for the preservation of public morals, with 
the luxuries in which we economize. Its work must be 
increased, not curtailed. The times are too urgent for 

The Reliable Armor 


The Scripture we studied in prayer meeting, recent- 
ly, was 1 Peter 4: 1. It was a lesson on suffering, and 
the Christian armor. Suffering is not a very pleasing 
subject, but when we think what it will do for us, — 
work out for us a far more exceeding and eternal 
weight of glory, purify us, and make us fit for the 
Master's use, — the odiousness of the term is removed. 
The utility, the sweetness, and the preciousness of 
God's Word, make it attractive to every regenerated 
soul, even though it is positively declared that they 
who would live godly lives must suffer persecution. 
" Think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which 
is to try you." 

A lady once said to me that she did not like pas- 
sages like that. Why ? Because she saw only one side 
of the statement. She did not realize that if we suffer 
with him, we shall reign with him. What a pleasing 
prospect! Our sufferings and trials here will only 
make us richer when we arrive at home. But it is 
hard to swim against the tide, and unless we keep bur 
eyes fixed on Jesus and on his rich promises, we will 
likely drift with the tide. The early Christians found 
it difficult to go against the current. The Jews were 
sure to be offended at the new faith. And as they 
came in contact with the heathen, it was even more 
so. They were tempted and tried, but withstood it all. 
At the present time our young men must suffer, but" 
they should count it all joy when it for the sake of the 

Preparation for suffering is necessary, and I am 
glad wc are told to prepare. Arm yourselves.' Get 
ready ! Trying times are here. Men of the world ami 
themselves with guns and swords, but Christians are 
to ami themselves with the mind of Christ. Paul fur- 
ther describes this armor in his letter to the Romans 
and to the Corinthians, as follows : " Let us put on the 
armor of light, and the armor of righteousness on the 
right hand and on the left " (Rom. 13: 12 and 2 Cor. 

Now, what is the mind of Christ, and what can it 
do for his servants? It makes them strong for the 
right. It is a determined purpose to do just -what the 
Lord would have us do, — oppose all evil. My, what 
a big job Christians have! But if we have the mind 
of Christ, this will be our aim. It may bring us into 
sharp and vigorous contact with worldly-minded peo- 
ple. This is just what occurs now, in some of the 
Training Camps. Men are not acquainted with the 
New Testament doctrine of nonresistance, therefore 
regard it as unjust and unreasonable. Some good and 
well-meaning people take this view of the subject, and 
we aFe not surprised at it. But arm yourselves with 
the mind of Christ. It enables you to overcome all 
difficulties, and will be a sure defense in time of trial. 
The conflict is a spiritual one. The suffering of the 
body is to be sustained and surmounted by an inward 
force, designated by the apostle as the armor of light 
and the armor of righteousness. 

I am deeply impressed with the fact that many of 
our young people are not armed with the mind of 
Christ. Some are not entering noncombatant service, 
but are enlisting for regular military service. This is 
the result of a lack of proper teaching. The doctrine 
of nonresistance, they say, is not practical, and can 
not be carried out. It is true, the carnal mind is not 
subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be, but 
to the Spirit-filled all things are possible. The main- 
thing is faith. Is it good to suppose cases? If so and 
so should occur, what would be the result? Better 
stand still and wait the Lord's leading. He will not 
suffer us to be tempted above that which we are able 
to bear. That thirteenth chapter of Romans gives us 
some concern. Yes, be subject to the powers that be, 
but God first. When God speaks, let earthly rulers 
keep silent. It is certainly safest to follow the ex- 
ample of Christ. On one occasion he did express in- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 

dignation at the temple polluters, but he did not kill 
them. If we are armed with the mind of Christ, we 
will not encourage the war spirit. People say: " War 
is wrong," yet they encourage it. Some ministers en- 
kindle the war spirit ever)' time they preach. "Whence 
come wars and fightings among you? Come they not 
hence even of your lusts that war in your members?" 
Is this pulpit agitation commendable? 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

The Drive 


An important feature of the world war is the so- 
called " drive," which is a strong advance into the ter- 
ritory of the enemy. In a successful drive, ground is 
taken, prisoners are secured, and the position of the 
enemy is weakened. If the ground taken is well con- 
solidated, and the new line firmly held, it may become 
the basis for a new drive, 

The drive is to be distinguished from the steady 
pressure of the army all along the line. The steady 
pressure makes possible the drive, but it does not 
and can not make the gains. It takes a concentrated 
effort to break through the line for gains. 

The church has been practicing the principle of the 
drive for a long time. AH the year the steady pres- 
sure is kept against the ramparts of the enemy of souls. 
Then, once a year, as a rule, a " scries of meetings " 
is held to break through the line and gain new ground. 
This is a good thing when well prepared and judicious- 
ly conducted, but too often the drives fail, — sometimes 
because of inadequate preparation and poor judgment, 
—sometimes from poor leadership or a disloyal fol- 
lowing. Every such failure is, in effect, a victor)' for 
the enemy. It is sad when a church drive fails. 

Sometimes, however, an apparent success is the 
worst failure of all. A few weeks ago the papers were 
full of the news of the great Italian offensive, in which 
so much ground was taken and the enemy so complete- 
ly demoralized. Then, suddenly, the wind changed, 
and backward they were swept in one of the most dis- 
astrous defeats of the war. Today (Dec. II) they are 
glad to be able to hold the enemy at bay far back from 
their former line. What looked like a great advance 
was, in reality, a show of gains that were not real in 
that the enemy was not really defeated and the appar- 
ent victors-were not really on grounds they could hold. 

It is too often the case in drives of the church. Re- 
ports go out over the country that a great drive has 
been made, many souls have been saved, the enemy 
has been driven back, etc., etc., but if you go there a 
few months after, you find an entirely different situ- 
ation. The enemy has come hack. He has even won 
over a number of the Lord's own forces and is now 
deeper in the real territory of the church, — the hearts 
of the members, — than ever before. Such a drive is 
worse than none. Infinitely better than that is just 
the steady pressure at all points in the line, with oc- 
casional trench raids, and comparatively small gains. 

Again, let me say : This steady pressure is necessary 
to the drive. It keeps the enemy busy at all points 
and it maintains the morale of the Lord's own troops. 
When there is steady fighting, there is little danger of 
the opposing soldiers fraternizing one with the other, 
which our enemy so much desires. Then, when the 
drive takes place and the lines are advanced, the Lord's 
forces have the strength, experience and endurance 
necessary to consolidate the ground and hold their 

But above all things, the army must he loyal, both 
to the commander and to itself. When one division 
yields to the enemy, it not only weakens the command- 
er-in-chief, but it endangers the rest of the army. Be 
loyal, Brethren, to Christ and the church, and we shall 
gain the victory. 

jjio Twenty-fifth Ave., North, Minneapolis, Minn. 

The Greatest Needs of the Northwest 

The District of North Dakota, Eastern Montana and 
Western Canada is a broad one. both in area and in op- 
portunity. In looking over this field from a temporal 
standpoint, one can see that we have been greatly blessed. 
Wc have a good, productive soil and one of the best ag- 
ricultural sections of the States for the raising of small 

grains. Hundreds and thousands of bushels of such grain 
are being shipped out of our District each year. 

With all these visible results brought about by the use 
of up-to-date methods of farming, with modern machinery 
and farm conveniences, one would almost conclude that 
our needs had been supplied. But a spiritual vision re- 
veals to us the sad fact that our minor needs only have 
been supplied. And the greatest need is yet to he sup- 
plied, — a need which all the modem conveniences and in- 
ventions of ;nan do not and can not fill. 

This need was most keenly felt by the Mission Board of 
the above-named District as they met recently in a busi- 
ness session at the home of Bro. J, S. Schaeffcr, at Car- 
rington, N. Dak. We felt very much the loss of our pres- 
ident, Bro. George Hilton, who left our District this fall, 
to labor in Nebraska. During his absence our Vice-Pres- 
ident, Bro. Schaeffcr, ably presided. Having, during the 
past year, lost several of our ministers by removal to other 
parts, we were made to realize more fully the weight of 
the Master's words in Matt. 9: 37; "The harvest truly is 
plenteous hut the laborers arc few." Laborers for the 
Lord's harvest are the greatest need of the Northwest 
We need men who will consecrate their lives to the Mas- 
ter's service; men who are willing to go out among the 
common people and there, by precept and example, teach 
the ways of God. 

It is because of this great need of our District and the 
burden of lost souls, that we want to make this plea in 
the columns of the " Messenger." believing that it is God's 
will that isolated places and churches without ministers be 
supplied. He has a man for every place. With this end 
in view, we give a short sketch of sonic of our needy 
places, praying that God will lay the burden of each place 
upon the heart of the worker he would have placed there. 
Minot.— The work of the Minot Mission dates hack to 
the year 1906. at which time $2,217.40 was pledged for the 
work. A man has been kept there, giving his entire time 
until the spring of 1917. Since then, on account of the 
Mission Worker leaving the District, the Board has sup- 
plied as best they could, and expects to locate a hrothcr 
there permanently in the near future. The membership 
now numbers about forty, — the majority active workers. 
Flora.— This church is located in Benson County, on the 
Northern Pacific Railroad and has a membership of about 
twenty-five. Here is a little flock, eager for a resident 
minister, having been without one for over two years. The 
appointments are filled only as the Board has been able 
to secure men. These members have no house of wor- 
ship of their own but have the use of a union house twice 
a month. Here is an opportunity in a much needed place, 
for a good work to be done. Wc believe it is possible for 
a strong church to he established here. 

Turtle Mountain.— This church is also without a minis- 
ter, being supplied by the Board as best we can. Here is 
a small flock, numbering about twenty, "in a community 
that feels the need of a laborer, a shepherd, a servant of 
God, to preach the Gospel and lead them closer to the 
Master. Here is also an opportunity for a Spirit-filled 
man to build up a church that would soon take the lead 
in the community. They have no churchhouse, — services 
being held in a schoolhousc. 

James River. — This church is located in Foster Coun- 
ty, about fifteen miles cast of Carriugtou. This is the 
Mother Church which was organized in 1902 (the Colum- 
bia branch of the same church, which is at present the 
stronger body. — being fifteen miles north), Through em- 
igration and other causes the laboring body has grown 
weak and it was thought best to work in union services. 
This has been done for two years. By this means, the 
Sunday-school has grown in attendance until the enroll- 
ment has reached the second largest in the county. After 
the death of Bro. Niccum, their elder, nearly three years 
ago, Bro. Price Umphlett, a newly-elected young minister 
was left alone. He nobly kept the work going until a 
little over a year ago, when he left for Bethany Bible 
School, to prepare himself more fully for the great work. 
Since then we have tried in our weakness to give them 
services. twice a month, which seems to have been appre- 
ciated both by our own people and others. But the dis- 
tance being fifteen miles and the weather often unfavor- 
able, it is very difficult,— at times impossible,— to roach 
them. Very seldom do they have preaching in this com- 
munity except by the Brethren, and if the proper man 
could be placed there, wc believe the church could he re- 
stored to its former activity, as there arc still some noble 
workers left among them. They arc about eighteen in 
number and have a neat and substantial house. 

A Large Field.— There arc other churches which we 
have not visjted personally, but which arc today as needy 
and as worthy as any. They are calling for some one to 
come among them and shepherd them. These are the fol- 
lowing: Bowden Valley church, located east of Carrington, 
has a membership of seventeen. The members have a 
good house of worship, but at present are deprived of 
preaching services because of the lack of a minister. Dur- 
ing the past summer, Bro. D. A. Miller, of our own con- 
gregation, drove by auto the distance of forty miles to min- 
ister to their needs twice each month. Englevalc church 
is situated in the southeast part of the State of North 
Dakota, — perhaps fifty miles from Fargo. They have 
only a few members, but a neat little house of worship.— 
practically new. Just now the house stands unused, be- 

cause of the lack of a shepherd to provide for their spir- 
itual needs. Valley church, Montana, is near Glasgow. 
They report twenty-nine members from fourteen families. 
Bro. O. A. Mycr, of Williston, N. Dak., has charge and 
labors for them only as he can, with the care of other 
churches resting upon him. 

These arc all organized churches which at one time had 
bright prospects before them, but many of them have been 
depleted by emigration, and now are badly in need of 
pastors. They arc cared for, to sonic extent, by the Mis- 
sion Board and ciders and ministers of the District, but 
because " the laborers are so few" it is impossible to give 
them the attention they should have. 

Besides these organized churches there are a number 
of mission points that arc suffering spiritually because of 
the lack of consecrated workers. 

According to the Master's words in Matt. 9: 38 wc be- 
lieve fervent prayer to be the solution of the problem. 
Wc are sure that the laborers in the Northwest, who arc 
overburdened with the care of churches, and also the 
churches left without help, arc praying the Lord of the 
harvest that he will send laborers into this great harvest 
field. This should he the prayer of every strong church that 
has workers to spare. Those who have been called into 

but ha 



ould plead % 

rith you cspeci 

ally to pr 

ay mightily fo 


ord to conic 

into your life 

and take 

such complete 


ol that you 

will be made 

trilling to 

work wherev 

r h 

ay call you. 

Under these c 


vc believe that 


ill be called 

to these necc 

y places. 

And if thes 


s come to you. cither the Ministerial Hoard or the Dis 
t Mission Board will be only too glad to answer an; 
lirics. Through continued prayer and greater conse 
ion wc are sure that his work will prosper more, an 
Kingdom be enlarged in this great Northwest, 
rantford, N. Dak. W. A. Dcardorff. 


Trusting God in All Things 

Romans S: 28 

For Week Beginning January 20. 1918 

1. "We Know."— Who are the "wc" ? Evidently those 
who have arrived at the standpoint and assurance of 
faith. Their knowledge is the knowledge of faith. Expe- 
rience begets confidence. Seeing things from the spir- 
itual angle, "the Lord's own" review past tilings and 
find a hopeful verdict about them. It is only the " wc " 
who really "know" (2 Cor. 5: 1; I John 2: 3; 3: 14; 5: 
2, 15, 19, 20; 2 Tim. 1: 12; Eph. 3: 17-19). 

2. "All Things Work Together for Good."— Judged ill 
their scparatelless, they are not good. Look at the build- 
ing materials, as tliey arc lying upon the ground! They 
appear to be unseemly and ill the way. until they find 
their place in the massive structure to be erected. Sep- 
arately, each part is a nuisance; cooperatively, each part 
is a benefit (Psa. 23: 1-6; 34: 7; 37; 25; Matt. 6: 26-33; 1 
Cor. 2: 9; 2 Cor. 9: 8; Prov. 10: 22; 16: 7, 9). 

3. What Kind of "Good"?— The man who wrote the 
words knew something of their import. He was con- 
scious of a thorn ill the flesh which wrought no bodily 
good, but which, for all that, wrought real good spirit- 
ually. Many of God's children arc sick, many are poor, 
and many have failed to secure the best things of life, as 
man regards them. Christ himself had not " where to lay 
his head." He died upon the cross at an early age. 
Viewed from the angle of the "worldly-wise," he was a 
failure. Obviously it is the aim of the text that all things, 
coming into the rightly-conditioned life, carry that life on 
to inner prosperity (2 Cor. 4: 8. 9, 13. 16, 17, 18; 1 Tim. 
4: 10; 2 Tim. 2: 11, 12; Heb. 12: 1. 2; 2 Peter 1: 10, 11). 

4. What Is the Right Condition?— It is stated definitely: 

" All things work together for good to them that love _ 
God." This is the reversal of the usual thought. Our text 
locates the condition squarely in men's hearts. Only those 
who love God truly and deeply have any right to claim 
this promise. Well may wc ask: "Is our spiritual state 
such that, when the 'all things' reach us, they must work 
together in the atmosphere of love " (Philpp. 1 : 9; 2 Thcss. 
3: 5; 1 John 2: S; 3: 17, 18; 4: 12-19; Jude 21; Prov. 8: 17)? 
When There Is Perfect Trust 

helmsman need a minuteness of knowledge which they 
do not possess. Unknown dangers, hidden rocks and 
shoals are all around them. So a pilot comes off from 
shore, climbs on board, and takes his place at the wheel. 
Instantly the control of the ship is transferred from ig- 
norance to knowledge, and from incompetence to ability. 
Just such a transfer takes place in a life that is surren- 
dered to the Infinite Pilot. He knows every sea, to the 
last shifting bar and the slightest wind that blows. He 
will bring us to the desired haven. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 


Thirteen were baptized and one was reclaimed in the 
Dry Valley church, Pa.,— Bro. C. H. Steerman, of Honey 


Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Begins His Work.— Mark 
1: 12-20. 
Christian Workers' Meeting, The Bible— God's Gift lo 

Us.— John 17: 8. 

Bro. M. H. Geyer, of Milford, Ind., in the Baugo church, 

Bro. L. H. Eby, of Fniitland, Idaho, in the Myrtle 
Point church, Oregon. 

Bro. Reuben R. Shroyer. of New Berlin, Ohio, in the 
Blue River church. Ind. 

Brother and Sister Ralph G. Rarick, of Chicago, III., in 
the Walnut church. Ind. 

Bro. M. Alva Long, pastor of the Wciser church, Idaho, 
in his home congregation. 

Bro. Moyne Landis, of Sidney, Ind., in the Pleasant 
Run house, Killbuck congregation, same State. 

Bro. S. M. Lehigh, of York Springs, Pa., at the Pleasant 
View house. Lower Cumberland congregation, same State. 

Bro. Homer E. Blough, formerly of Waterloo. Iowa, 
who took charge of the pastorate of the West Wichita 
church, Kans.. last September, in a two weeks' revival ef- 
fort in his home congregation. 


Three were baptized Dec. 30 at Hutchinson, Kans. 

One was restored in the Zion congregation, Fla. 

One was reclaimed Dec. 21 in the Ottawa church, Kans. 

Two confessed Christ Dec. 23 in the Kingslcy church. 

Two were baptized Dec. 2S in the Red Oak Grove 
church. Va. 

One confessed Christ recently in the Spring Grove 
church, Pa. 

One was baptized Dec. 2 in the Woodberry church, 
Baltimore. Md. 

Two have been baptized in the Morrill church. Kans., 
since last report. 

One has confessed Christ in the Wiley church, Colo.. 

One was baptized on Christmas Day in the Rockingham 
congregation. Mo. 

One from Idaho Falls. Idaho, was baptized Dec. 23 in 
the Twin Falls church, same State. 

Four confessed Christ in the Fruitdale church, Ala.,— 
the home ministers being in charge. 

Seven accepted Christ in the Loramie church, Ohio — 
the pastor. Bro. Ira H. Frantz, in charge. 

Two were baptized at Ncwberg. Oregon,— Bro. S. E. 
Decker, of Ashland, same State, evangelist. 

Three confessed Christ in the Beaver church, Iowa,— 
Bro. W. H. Hood, of Mt. Morris, III., evangelist. 

Four were baptized in the Paradise church, Tex.,— Bro. 
D. G. Brubaker. of Wawaka. same State, evangelist. 

Three were baptized in the Knob Creek church, Tenn.. 
—Bro. Charles M. Yearout, of Moscow, Idaho, evangelist. 

Two were baptized in the Rock Creek church, Kans.,— 
Bro. S. E. Thompson, of Garden City, same State, evan- 

Five were baptized in the Empire church, Cal., — Bro. 
Geo. H. Bashor and wife, of Glendora, same State, evan- 

Four were baptized and one was reclaimed in the West 
Eel River church, Ind.,— Bro. Geo. Swihart, of Roann, 
same State, evangelist. 

One confessed Christ in the Grcentrec house, West 
Greentrec congregation, Pa.,— Bro. Geo. Weaver, of Man- 
heim, same State, evangelist. 

Three confessed Christ at the East Hanover house, Big 
Swatara congregation. Pa.,— Bro. John Brubaker, of Man- 


Two were baptized in the Boiling Spring house. Lower 
Cumberland congregation. Pa.,— Bro. H. S. Gipe, of Pal- 
One was baptized in the Hampton house. Upper Conc- 
wago congregation. Pa..— Bro. C. H. Steerman, of Honey 
Grove, same State, evangelist. 

Two confessed Christ at the Baker house, Fishing 
Creek, Big Swatara congregation. Pa.,— Bro. S. M. Le- 
high, of York Springs, same State, evangelist. 

Eighteen confessed Christ in the Roaring Spring church. 
Pa..— Bro. John P. Harris, of Saxton, same State, evan- 
gelist, assisted by the pastor, Bro. A. G. Crosswhite. 

One was restored and four confessed Christ, two of 
whom have been baptized, in the Hartford City church, 
Ind..— the pastor. Bro. Chas. R. Oberlin, in charge. 

Two from Bagley, Iowa, were baptized Dec. 23, in the 
Coon River church, same State, — the fruitage of the meet- 
ings held at Bagley by Bro. I. R. Beery, of Flora, Ind. 


Bro. B. J. Fike, of Nczpcrcc, Idaho, to begin Feb. 3 at 
Olympia. Wash. 
Bro. E. N. Huffman, of St. Joseph, Mo., to begin Jan. 

13 in Logansport, Ind. 

Bro. Thomas Patrick, of Penbrook, Pa., to begin Jan. 
19 at Rhccms, same State. 

Bro. S. C. Miller, of Elgin, III., to begin in the Worden 
church. Wis., during June. 

Bro. L. H. Eby, of Fruitland, Idarto, to begin during 
February at Bandou, Oregon. 

Bro. Roy Miller, pastor of Sunficld church, Mich., to be- 
gin Jan. 20 in his home congregation. 

Bro. O. H. Feiler, of Hutchinson, Kans., to begin in 
November at Conway Springs, same State. 

Bro. M. C. Swigart, of Philadelphia, Pa., to begin Jan. 

14 in the Williamsburg church, same State. 

Bro. B. F. Honeyman, of New Augustine. Fla., to be- 
gin Jan. 13 in the Bethel church, same State. 

Bro. W. K. Conner, of Harrisburg, Pa., to begin in the 
Huntington City church, Ind., during March. 

Bro. J. H. Graybill, pastor of Nampa church, Idaho, to 
begin in the near future in his home congregation. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe, of Lincoln, Nebr., to begin dur- 
ing September at the First Church, Hutchinson, Kans. 

Bro. Moyne Landis, of Sidney. Ind., to begin in the Eel 
River congregation, same State, during the latter part of 


Southern Indiana is to be represented on the Standing 

Committee at the Hershcy Conference by Bro. J. A. Mil- 

Va., is now ready to 
, and those desiring his 
as early a date as pos- 

Bro. J. F. Britton, of Bristov 
book engagements for another ye; 
services will please address him a 

Bro. Walter J. Whipple, who has recently located at 
Fullerton, Nebr., wishes to know of any other members of 
the church who may be living in that part of the State. 
If there are such, he will be pleased to hear from them. 

To Pauline Mary Ross the whole "Messenger" family 
will extend their very best wishes, and to her parents, 
their sincere congratulations. Though we have just 
learned of the event, it was on Oct. 31, last, that she came 
to bless the home of Brother and Sister A. W. Ross, of 
Bulsar, India. 

As these pages were going to press, the Office Editor 
was planning to leave in a few hours for the Goshen Con- 
ference, in company with the Sunday-school Editor, the 
Editor of the "Missionary Visitor," and the Business 
Manager. We hope to be able to tell our readers next wee.k 
something of the happenings at the Conference. 

Bro. A. C. Wieand, accompanied by his little son, called 
at the "Messenger" rooms last week. Our readers will 
recall the mention in a recent issue, of the critical illness 
of Sister Wieand. We are glad to report that her con- 
dition now seems very favorable. Owing to the advanced 
stage of the disease when the operation disclosed its true 
nature, — appendicitis with rupture already having taken 
place, — a long period of recuperation and rest from house- 
hold responsibilities will be required. For this purpose 
Bro. Wieand is contemplating a sojourn of several months 
in Florida, as soon as Sister Wieand's condition will justi- 
fy the trip. 1 

Bro. David Byerly, R. D. 8, Lima, Ohio, makes a re- 
quest in his announcement among the Notes, that should 
receive the special consideration of the members of 
Northwestern Ohio. 

While practically no love feasts are held in the frigid 
northern States during the opening months of the year, 
two love feasts arc announced for Sunny Florida,— Jan. 
26 at Bethel, and Feb. 23 in the Zion congregation. 

The little band of members at Hancock, Minn., has been 
left without ministerial help, and greatly desires to be 
remembered by any of our ministers who may be in a 
position to extend a helping hand. Sister Ella Yingst, 
of the above-named place, will be pleased to furnish all 
needful information. 

A correspondent makes the very proper suggestion that 
the great body of our membership which will not attend 
the Goshen Conference, engage in fervent supplications 
in its behalf. Before this issue reaches our readers, the 
Conference will have concluded its deliberations, in all 
probability, but we trust that there are many who will not 
have forgotte'n to pray that its decisions and recommenda- 
tions may be as God would have them, and that his name 
may be glorified thereby. 

To accommodate the many church notes recently re- 
ceived, we have been compelled to make them as brief as 
possible. This cutting dowh had to he done, to our great 
regret, but necessity left us no other choice. Our cor- 
respondents will please note that the names of only the 
more important church and Sunday-school officers are 
given. Then, too, all details of merely local interest have 
been omitted, in the interest of greater brevity. Only 
thus can we give all churches an opportunity to be heard. 

a brother's wish that less be said in the "Messenger" 
about the war. From her communication we quote the 
following: "Without a doubt that brother has no sons 
there or he would feel differently. It seemed impossible 
to prevent our hoys from going, and now not to encour- 
age and advise them would discourage them, hut we are 
so thankful to our Heavenly Father that they have it as 
well as they do. And while we preach repentance let us 
pray mightily that peace may once more reign." 

One of our readers sends us a clipping from the "Kansas 
City Star," in which the writer says some very pertinent 
things about the advisability of " tobaccolcss " days. We, 
quote a part of the extract: "It is a shame and a sin to 
waste food when thousands are suffering. . . . All true 
Americans will quickly adopt the most economical meth- 
ods possible, and help out in this time of need. . . . Why 
not quit tobacco, at least till the war is over? Save the 
millions thus wasted, save the manhood, brains and nerves 
uselessly sacrificed to the filthy tyrant, and turn the vast 
acres, that now grow it, into profitable fields of grain, and 
turn the vast amount of labor that is used in-cultivating 
and manufacturing it, into useful lines, producing food or 

- Ihl! 




The Daleville College Special Bible Term is to be held 
Jan. 27 to Feb. 1. An interesting program has been pre- 
pared, which will appear in next week's issue. 

We are requested to state that there is no church in 
Florida now. by name of " Middleburg." The congrega- 
tion, formerly known as such, is named " Bethel." 

The Sunday-school Institute of the First District of Vir- 
ginia is to be held in the Peters Creek church, Roanoke 
Va., Jan. 25 and 26. See program in next week's 

up to the greatness of this evil waste, and begin to econ- 
omize in the right manner. The one who wastes bread 
and meat is no more unpatriotic than the one who wastes 
money, land, brains and health with tobacco." 

Bro. George L. McDonaugh, of Alhambra, Cal., though 
on the retired list, is by no means disposed to spend his 
days in comparative inactivity. Impressed by the fervent 
appeal of Mr. Herbert Hoover, the nation's food admin- 
istrator, Bro. McDonaugh urges that the millions of acres 
of unimproved Government land in the Western States be 
brought under cultivation, thus helping to solve the prob- 
lem of an adequate food supply. His experience of thirty- 
five years in the work of colonization, enables him to speak 
with authority on the matter, and it would seem as if his 
plan were well worthy of consideration. He points to 
the fact that there is a total of 4,579,483 acres of land 
within the Los Angeles land district of eight counties, 
that are unappropriated and unreserved, and therefore 
open to entry. There are also 3,123,679 acres in what is 
known as the Imperial County Land Office, at El Centro. 
Bro. McDonaugh suggests that, in the light of the re- 
cent successful introduction of tractors in the reconstruc- 
tive farming operations in France, a like utilization of 
these effective appliances might prove highly advantageous 
in the cultivation of vast areas in our own country, — 
such as alluded to above. 



Some one has very truthfully said: " If any man were 
half as good as he knows he ought to be, he would be 
twice as good as he really is." And why not attain to 
the highest and best? 

In the Bible Institute Announcement of McPherson Col- 
lege for Jan. 20-27, as given in our issue of Dec. 29, page 
836. the following corrections should be made: Two lec- 
tures on Sunday-school Teacher Training will be given 
by Bro. Virgil C. Finnell, Field Director of Religious 
Education. The subject of Pres. Kurtz's daily lectures 
will be the Sermon on the Mount. 

" Illustrations for Teaching and Review Accompanying 
Foundation Truths " is just from the 'press and will be a 
valuable help for those who arc using " Foundation 
Truths " first quarter. The collection of thirteen pictures 
5x7 inches is so designed that one picture goes with each 
lesson. The teacher is to use this picture in the teaching 
of the lesson, and at the close of the quarter, the set of 
pictures will prove a valuable help in review. After the 
quarter's work is done the plan is to give to each pupil an 
entire set of pictures printed on good paper, neatly 
stitched so as not to be easily lost. This picture booklet 
comes at fifteen cents a quarter for each copy, and those 
who are using "Foundation Truths" can have their or- 
ders filled at once by sending the required amount to the 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin. III. The introductory 

he used. This publication is a valuable addition to the 
Graded Lessons and should not be confused with the 
smaller pictures that have been issued, to be given to the 
pupil each Sunday for pasting in his book. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 


Some Interesting Figures 
Dr. James H. Lcnba, a noted educator, made thorough-go- 
ing inquiries, recently, of certain college students, as to their 
beliefs in a personal God and in immortality. The colleges 
selected were State institutions of more than ordinary repute. 
As to the personality of God, 927 students answered the ques- 
tion,— 289 men and 638 women. Thirty-one per cent of the 
men, and eleven per cent of the women frankly acknowledged 
that they could not conceive of God as being other than im- 
personal. Adding doubtful replies to the number above given, 
the percentages would be about forty-one for the men, and 
sixteen for the women. Generally speaking, the influences at 
State institutions arc not likely to strengthen religious prin- 
ciples. It is clear that the church school is safest and best. 

Increasing Millionaires 
If real prosperity is determined by an unprecedented in- 
crease of wealth, then the United States should be regarded 
as a most flourishing nation. The only disturbing factor in 
the national prosperity is the alarming one that rich men arc 
becoming still richer, while those in moderate circumstances 
can hardly make both ends meet, owing to largely-augmented 
living expenses. During the "piping times of peace," large 
fortunes were comparatively slow in growth, compared with 
l!ic startling increase since the beginning of the world-war. 
During last year 7,952 were added to the millionaire list of the 
country, swelling the total to 22,696,— many of them being 
of the notorious "profiteer" variety. "What shall it 
profit a man. if he shall gain the whole world, and lose 

prophet. This is the meaning attached to Gen. Allenby's 
name, and so it is regarded throughout Palestine. Con- 
sequently, the appartnt fulfillment of the old prophecy is 
accepted at face value. 

More than War's Slaughter 
According to Y. M. C. A. officials, 200,000 British sol- 
diers are suffering from venereal diseases, though that 
army is not worse, in that respect, than the others. More 
than twice the number just given, are suffering from the 
same disease in the still larger Austrian army. Probably 
the same ratio migjit apply to all the armies now engaged 
in the contest. A medical officer of considerable note in 
the allied armies recently said: "There is enough disease 
in these military camps now, as a result of immorality,' to 
curse Europe for three generations to come." What a 
picture of the far-reaching effects of sinl The iniquities of 
*the fathers will be visited upon their children unto the 
third and fourth generation! Long years after the great 
struggle has ceased, humanity will still be reaping the 
fearful harvest of unbridled lust. 

Extent of Red Cross Work 
At the present time more than $100,000 worth of Red 
Cross supplies go to Europe each month. Much of this 
comprises knitted goods, — the handiwork of thousands of 
devoted women and girls of our land, to whom this has 
been wholly a labor of love. About 700 tons of food are 
sent each weelc to the refugees in France. To provide for 
the immediate relief needs of Roumania, $200,000 has been 
forwarded, and a like amount has been sent to Italy. 
Two hospital ships are being maintained for the United 
States navy. A motor transport service has been estab- 
lished in France, thus reducing the enormous strain on 
the weakened railroads of France. The Red Cross has 
also raised and equipped fifty base hospitals, — fifteen of 
which are already on the field or en route. 

Their Last Struggle 
Some weeks ago we spoke of the proposed driving out 
of the saloons from the city of Los Angeles, Cal., as de- 
creed by the sovereign vote of the people. A postcard 
from Bro. M. M. Eshelman, Tropico, Cal., gives us further 
light on that important issue: "The Los Angeles saloons 
now have these banners displayed, printed in large let- 
ters: 'Wines and liquors voted out! Come in and lay in a 
stock! We quit. Get drinks now or never!' Well, sa- 
loons are actually getting ready to close Jan. 30. It is well 
'to quit,' for the people have emphatically spoken 'quit.'" 
And what is stated m the above, will ere long be true of 
many others of our large cities. Confronted by the dire 
effects of drink at this most critical time, the^people are 
in no mood to temporize. The saloon must go! 

Japanese Invasion of China 
Latest reports from China speak of the establishing, by 
flie Japanese, of a civil administration in Shantung terri- 
tory, outside of the Tsing Tao area, captured by the Jap- 
anese from the Germans early in the war. A protest, re- 
cently lodged- at Tokio by the Chinese authorities, charges 
that " unbelievable tortures " are being imposed upon those 
who fail to conduct themselves as the Japanese direct, 
and that, in " extreme cases, victims are beaten to death as 
punishment;" People, -in close touch with the situation 
of things in China, at the present time, declare that only 
disastrous results can follow the uncalled for interference 
of Japan in Chinese affairs. In view of the European 
situation, there is nothing to prevent the Japanese from 
carrying out any plan they have in mind, concerning China. 

Is Prophecy Being Fulfilled? 
Late reports from Palestine assure us that a deep im- 
pression has been created throughout that land by what 
the people regard as the fulfillment of an ancient prophecy, 
handed down from past centuries. According to this fore- 
cast of events incident to Jerusalem's deliverance, the real 
liberator of the ancient city was to pass through its gates 
on foot. It will be remembered that Emperor William of 
Germany made a most sensational and spectacular entry 
into Jerusalem in 1898, riding— not walking,— into the city. 
Then, too, he did not enter by means of one of the an- 
cient gates, but through an opening specially made in the 
wall. Whether or not he did this in defiance of the proph- 
ecy,— of which he knew,— we can not say. The fact, 
however, remains that the British commander, Gen. Alien- 
by, entered the city op foot. Then, too, prophetic experts 
assure us that the name of the real deliverer combines 
the words, "Allah," or God, and "nabi," which means 

Armenians Conduct Turkish Banking 
Strange as it may appear, an unconscious tribute is 
paid, even by their foes, to the business ability and per- 
sonal integrity of the Armenians. The branch of the Im- 
perial Ottoman bank at Harpoot, Turkey, is manned al- 
most entirely by Armenians. These are men who, until re- 
cently, occupied similar places of responsibility in other 
banking and commercial houses of the Turkish Empire. 
The explanation is simply this,— the Armenians are the 
real brains of Ottoman business. They are chief and 
foremost in every undertaking of note. The wanton cruel- 
ty of the Turks has destroyed a large portion of the very 
men upon whom they are dependent for the conducting 
of their business, — as they found out to their sorrow when 
too late. Today America should consider it her task to 
look after the 500,000 orphaned boys and girls of this gift- 
ed but persecuted race, before it is too late. 

" I Need Thee Every Hour" 
By the words above quoted our readers will readily 
recognize the title of a hymn that for many years has 
been a- general favorite. Not so many, perhaps, remember 
the author of this and other Gospel hymns, Mrs. Annie 
Sherwood Hawks, whose decease, on Jan. 3, at Bennington, 
Vt., was heralded through the daily press. Mrs. Hawks 
passed away at the ripe old age of eighty-three years. It 
is said that her first poetical efforts date back to her 
fourteenth year. A large part of her life was devoted to 
the production of poems and hymns, but none of these, — 
meritorious as they were, — achieved the popularity of her 
masterpiece: "I Need Thee Every Hour." This is said 
to have been translated into more foreign tongues than any 
other modern hymn. It helongs to the class of hymns,— 
none too large, — that never grow old but, like a precious 
heritage, are handed down from generation to generation. 

What a Systematized Plan Will Do 
Following a plan originated at Kenosha, Wis., the people 
of Elgin and a number of other cities and towns have 
decided on a plan of raising war relief funds that reaches 
all citizens proportionately and systematically. By this 
method the needs of the Red Cross, Y. M. C. A. work in 
military camps at home and abroad, Y. W. C. A. activities, 
etc., are amply provided for. The plan is exceedingly 
simple and no great burden upon any one, — each one sim- 
ply pledges to give the pay for one-half hour's work per 
week to the fund for these worthy charities. It is thought 
that more than $100,000 will thus be raised in Elgin alone. 
It is only about one per cent of each one's annual income. 
Admiring, as we do, the simplicity and effectiveness of 
this plan, we wondered why such a method might not be 
employed with equal success in the raising of mission 
funds. We are quite sure that more than four times the 
amount now received, could readily be secured. 

Changing Customs in China 
It is interesting to note that the Chinese Government 
is becoming much concerned about the real welfare of 
the people, and that several reform measures are strongly 
being urged in an official document, recently issued: (1) 
Early marriages are deplored as being conducive to a va- 
ried train of ills. In order that the nation may reach the 
highest degree of virility and efficiency, it is urged that 
greater care be exercised, and that marriages be contracted 
undei* the most favorable environments. (2) The evil 
effects of the practice of foot-binding are given consider- 
able attention. It is most significant that this custom, 
in vogue for thousands of years, has at last been recog- 
nized as a decidedly detrimental factor. An attempt was 
made last year to have the practice discontinued through- 
out the country, but, like all other attempts to abolish 
an ancient custom, the stern prohibition fell largely upon 
deaf ears. Now, however, there is to be no further dally- 
ing, — the practice of foot-binding must cease. (3) A dras- 
tic prohibition is launched against gambling in all its 
varied forms. This vice has always been recognized as 
the greatest curse of the country. Yielding to its sinister 
influences, thousands have been ensnared, lost their situ- 
ations, wrecked their business enterprises, and become de- 
pendent upon others. Many have even resorted to crime 

and dishonesty, to secure the means which they no longer 
cared to obtain through honest labor. It is decidedly en- 
couraging to note this rising conciousness and desire for 
better and higher things, morally and ethically. It shows 
that the missionaries have not labored in vain. The seed 
that has been sown for so many years has influenced 
public thought, and reform measures are now insisted 
upon, unthought of before. 

A Distressing Situation 
Karl Liebknecht, the outspoken apostle of liberty for 
the oppressed masses of Germany, is still languishing in 
prison, but that docs in no whit detract from the truth- 
fulness of his utterances. From the strict seclusion of his 
gloomy cell, the following has, in some way, escaped the 
vigilance* of his guards: "We Germans jn Prussia have 
three cardinal rights, — to be soldiers, to pay taxes, and to 
keep our tongues still, no matter what happens. Poverty, _ 
misery, want and starvation arc everywhere in Germany. 
Belgium, Poland and Serbia, whose blood the vampire 
of imperialism is sucking, resemble vast cemeteries. The 
much vaunted European civilization is falling into ruin 
through anarchy which has been let loose by the world 

Middle Western States Swept by Blizzard 
Sunday, Jan. 6, and the night following, the Middle 
Western States were struck by a blizzard, the like of 
which has not been experienced for twenty-five years, and, 
as some say, it was the worst in the recollection of even 
the oldest inhabitant. The heavy snowfall, together with 
the gale, which massed the fast-falling flakes into huge 
drifts, forced a suspension of all traffic for the time being, 
and caused the dweller in the stricken region ?rdently to 
long for the balmy clime of Florida or Southern Cali- 
fornia. Even the best of automobiles were powerless to 
penetrate the huge drifts. In some instances of urgent 
necessity, teams of specially strong horses, hitched to a 
sled, fought their way through at a painfully slow gait. 
At this writing (forenoon of Jan. 8), passenger trains arc 
running again, though still behind time, and freight trains 
will be resumed ere long. Congested conditions, caused 
by the storm, are being overcome as fast as possible. 

Finland's Starving People 
An urgent appeal has just been received by the Federal 
Council of the Churches of Christ in America, its mes- 
sage being tins: "Finland is suffering from a hard famine. 
Christian conferences of delegates from five neutral coun- 
tries eppcal most earnestly for your strong efforts to 
bring help from America." This was the first authentic 
indication received, that a state of famine exists in Fin- 
land. The Federal Council at once took up the matter 
with the American Red Cross at Washington and at their 
suggestion the Finnish authorities were authorized to ob- 
tain help through the regular Red Cross channels in Eu- 
rope. About ten shiploads of corn and oats have already 
been transferred to the people of Finland, and competent 
officials are now investigating the further needs of the 
country. Dr. Kaarle Ignatius, Special Commissioner for 
Finland, states that the Finnish people ordinarily raise 
only one-half of the foodstuffs they consume, the other 
half being imported from Russia. Owing to prevailing 
conditions of disorder, now existing in the last-named 
country, no cereals can be obtained. The last shipment of 
grain for which $12,000,000 was paid to Russia, was never 
received in Finland,— the starving Russians looting the 
trains while in transit. The Red Cross has undertaken to 
care for any funds that may be entrusted to it by gener- 
ous donors for the unfortunate people of Finland. 

An End to Extravagance 
As matters are now arranged, the one hundred million 
people of the United States are spending fifty million dol- 
ars a day on the war. We are told this is to continue 
throughout the year, and how much longer no one knows. 
A consciousness of this fact should bring home most 
emphatically, to every man and woman, the salutary lesson 
of living the simple life in all that the term implies. It cuts 
out, absolutely, all waste whatever. No matter what may 
be our own ideas on the matter, we must learn this great 
lesson of the war, and the sooner we learn it. the better 
it will be for ourselves and the nation in general. The 
Government's recent Official Bulletin presents this matter 
in its various bearings, and by request we here quote the 
following: "The whole of Europe has been engaged, ever 
since the war began, in the elimination of waste, the sim- 
plifying of life, and the increase of its industrial capacity. 
When the war is over, the consuming power of the world 
will be reduced by the loss of prosperity and man-power, 
and we shall enter a period of competition, without paral- 
lel in ferocity. After the war we must maintajn our for- 
eign markets if our working people are to be employed. 
We shall be in no position to compete if we continue to 
live on the same basis of waste and extravagance on which 
we have lived hitherto. Simple, temperate living is a 
moral issue of the first order at any time, and any other 
basis of conduct during the war becomes a wrong against 
the interest of the country, and the interest of democracy." 
The "simple, temperate living," above referred to, has 
been, we are glad to say, a leading principle of our church 
for, lo, these many years. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 



Selected by Susan M. Hcisey, R. P. 
Could you each drop of water 

tild be! 

. lake 
And to each one add 

How great the sum 
Then count the blades of grass t 

The leaves on every tree, 
The sand upon the ocean shore ; 

The sum would greater be. 
Then keep on counting space bchv 

The earlh and every star; 
How this would make the total sw 

To numbers grca: 


Upon this 
And all the 

Could you 
Count blosso 

And drop: 
And all the 

What is t 


rlh ha 





,-iIl be done, 
al millions a 

nd them ; 

saved by 

To this - 

It meai 
Redeemed : 

Will spend forever where 
The Lord himself will be their joy. 

I ask: " Will you be there?" 
The lost will spend forever in 

Hell's dreary, dark despair. 
Oh, let me say. dear friend, Be l 

Don't spend forever there. 
Trust in the Lord while now you 

Plead now his precious blood, 
And then forever you will be 

With Christ— the Son of God. 

Grandmother Warren 

10. Do 

"If people knew the difference between do and 
don't," remarked Grandmother Warren, " it would 
save such a lot of trouble." 

"I suppose so," admitted Sally absently; "One 
treble, two chain, — " She was frowning over a new 
crochet pattern. 

Grandmother glanced at her rather sharply but con- 
tinued as if she had not noticed her evident absorp- 

" I went to see Mrs. Allen and Mrs. Brown this 
morning and that made me think about it. You could 
easily call Mrs. Allen ' Do/ and Mrs. Brown ' Don't,' 
for it represents their attitude toward their little boys 
so well. Both of their boys are the same age, — three 
years. And they are both lively little fellows. 

" Mrs. Brown was baking and she was all worried 
and tired. Johnny was whining at her skirts, begging 
for a taste of dough or a lump of sugar. 

" ' Oh, Johnny, don't pull at me. You can't have it. 
Now don't/ she fussed at him. 

" Johnny kept right on whining until she finally 
said: 'Well, here, have a lump and don't fuss any 

" Johnny was quiet until the lump was gone. Then 
he began to fuss, and the whole performance was gone 
over three times, until I was tired and Mrs. Brown was 
so cross and irritated she could hardly talk to me. I 
left then and just dropped in at Mrs. Allen's a minute. 
I knew Mrs. Allen would have a smile for me, and it 
seemed as if I couldn't come home without some one 
smiling at me. 

" There was Mrs. Allen busy baking too. I sat down 
in her kitchen and watched her with real pleasure. 
Little David was with her and they both were talking 
away as hard as they could. She explained to me, in 
her bright, smiling way, what they were doing. 

" ' We are baking this morning, David and I, David 
does just what I am doing, and he is going to make his 
biscuits and have them for his dinner, aren't you, 
honey ? ' 


fes/ smiled David and held up a grimy piece of 
for me to see. ' It raises way up. Then I eat 

" ' It takes a little longer to get my work done, to 
have David help,' said Mrs. Allen, ' but we always end 
up the morning smiling. I used to be a nervous wreck 
by noon, trying to keep him out of things, and it 
seemed as if I was saying, Don't, don't, the whole 
morning through. Then I got to thinking about it one 
day and tried letting him do what I was doing. I ex- 
plain to him just why I do the different things, and 
yqu would be surprised to know how interested he is. 
He likes to help me sweep and he really is getting the 
habit of picking up his playthings without being told. 
And we have the best times together, doing it. I try 
not to say don't to him, but when I see him doing 
something wrong, I show him something that I know 
will interest him, and he soon forgets all about the 
wrong things. It takes a little time and thought, but it 
is really the easiest way in the end.' 

" Then I came home satisfied, Sally, for I had had 
some one smile at me and had had a good, big chance 
to smile back. Now there is more to Mrs. Allen's 
method than you might think at first. She has really 
hit on a principle of life. 

" Keep a person doing something and they will not 
go far wrong. Idleness breeds mischief every time. 
Every time you say, ' Don't,' you are making a person 
or child idle, for you are taking away the thing he 
happens to be doing. Give him something to do and 
you fill up his life and make him happy. Young people 
always want to be doing something and a tactful di- 
rection of this energy will help them and older ones, 
too, but so often the older ones think that the younger 
ones can't be trusted with any responsibilities, and 
spend all their energies in saying: ' Don't do this/ and 
' Don't do that/ until you hear on every side the com- 
plaint: ' I can't do anything that suits.' 

" We need to keep children doing, — doing all the 
time, Sally. That is the way they will learn to be men 
and women." 

Wcstfield, III. % 

Father's Duties in the Home 


Father's duties in the home are seldom discussed, 
while we hear and read of mother's duties on every 
hand. His duties are just as essential to the ideal 
home as mother's are. Think what home would be 
if father should be taken from your midst! Would 
you miss him only as a provider? I know if he is a 
true husband and father you would miss him,— not 
because of what he did to supply your carnal needs 

There are some fathers who have the mistaken idea 
that if they provide plenty of money, food and cloth- 
ing for their families, they have done their entire duty. 
One writer says : " This type of father is like a curious 
lizard of South America, which, when pursued, leaves 
its tail in the path, to interest the pursuer, while it es- 
capes." It is father himself we want. Wives, sons and 
daughters, all over our land, are longing for his com- 

It means so much to the tired wife when her hus- 
band sympathizes with her and helps when the little 
ones are especially trying. What is more welcome 
than to hear father's merry whistle as he comes home 
at night? Just a word or look of appreciation, and 
love brightens the whole day for her. 

Father and mother should be real companions work- 
ing together for the best interests of their family. 
They should always present a united front to the chil- 
dren, in regard to discipline, fof if one interferes when 
the other is stern, the child soon learns to disregard 
the one and to deceive the other. The unhappiness in 
many homes may be traced to a lack of unity on this 
very point. Neither parent should expect the other to 
cater to his or her whims, but reasonableness and re- 
gard for the rights of each other will be the happy 

There are some things which father can do so much 
better than mother. He is more ingenious in arrang- 
ing a play-room for the children, or in making home- 
wrought occupations for them. There is always that 

freshness of approach of one not being around all the 
time, and he is supposed to have that larger outlook 
which is so essential to broadening the lives of chil- 
dren. I know fathers arc so busy, but is your duty 
to your children not important? Time spent wisely 
with them is not wasted. It may not give you greater 
fame in the world, but it may guide your children to 
nobler lives, thus giving the world better men and 

The child has a right to have father play with him. 
He can not share your interests in your business, so, in 
order to be friends, you must share the child's inter- 
ests which are mostly play. Really to play with a 
child is not easy. You must get down and become a 
child with him. Dr. Forbush says: "You may get 
back on your high perch to direct and discipline, but a 
perch at its best is not comfortable to remain upon 
long at a time." Put yourself on a plane with the child 
and look at things from his angle. Here is the place 
to gain his confidence, which you so much need later. 

An old chief of police in Philadelphia once said that 
he never knew a child to go wrong in a home where 
the father played with his children for an hour after 
supper. Now playing does not mean to use the child 
as a plaything for yourself until he is tired out; then 
spanking him for being cross. To get. the play-spirit in 
which the child wants you to play, is no easy matter 
for some. One small boy said: "I wish paw'd been 
born a little boy, so he could play with me." 

Father can teach the boy of ten or twelve to work 
better than mother, for the boy is no longer inter- 
ested in her work and she is not a competent teacher 
of the things he wishes to do. Why, how could she 
teach him to use carpenter's tools when she can not saw 
a board without sawing her fingers ! There is some- 
thing fascinating about working with father and really 
doing a man's work. Even the small boy, before he 
can help, likes to follow father about his work. Yes, 
little girls do too! I remember how I used to enjoy 
riding on the corn cultivator with my father. Sug- 
gestions, explanations and much patience, during this 
time, when the child wants to do things and is trying 
so hard to get into your confidence, may be the very 
hinge of his or her future usefulness. 

During the period when the child is learning to 
work, he should be taught the value of money and how 
to spend it. Father knows this is a difficult art and 
requires much real practice to be thoroughly expert. 
Without experiencing that money comes from working 
for it and that spending unwisely promotes loss of 
some more valuable thing, the child may become a 
worthless spendthrift. Vajues can not easily be 
taught from books or talk only. 

The need of a true, noble, confidential chum is 
greatest when the children reach the age in which they 
can not quite understand themselves. Then they often 
bring problems into their parents' lives which they 
scarcely know how to meet. Fortunate is the parent 
who has kept the child's confidence from babyhood, 
and now is his or her chum. Some one else, whether 
good or bad, will be called to fill his place if you have 
been too busy to learn to know your children. I heard 
of a little girl in Chicago who exclaimed: " There goes 
that man who stays in our house nights," when she 
saw her own father going to his work. Unless there is 
a change, this child will miss something in her life. 

Father is better fitted than any one else to help her 
decide some of the questions which will come to her. 
He is out in the world and knows life. He hears men 
talk as man to man, in the office and on the street. 
He gets the man's point of view as no woman in a 
sheltered home can. He learns to distinguish the true 
from the false and the incompetent from the prom- 
ising. If the daughter can come to father with her 
perplexities in trusting confidence, she is well forti- 
fied. Father can see danger where neither mother nor 
daughter can recognize it, for he knows men. He 
knows, too, that innocent girls, with no thought, of 
wrong, tempt men who want to live pure, clean lives, 
and by suggestion he can lead her to avoid the ap- 
pearances of evil. Father has the daughter's welfare 
as much at heart as mother, but is too often treated 
only as the bread-winner. 

With the son it seems that father's companionship 
and sympathy are even more important than with the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 

daughter. Father has been a boy, and if he remembers 
his own problems and experiences, he can sympathize 
as no one else can. If there be confidence between fa- 
ther and son, there is little danger of the boy going 
wrong. There are so many things put out to ensnare 
our young men and to lead them into the wrong way. 
Father understands how these things appeal to his 
son better than mother does, and he knows, too, what 
means of defense are most effective to the boy. 

We find that father has a great many duties, — even 
more than he can do alone. He must have the help of 
our Loving, Heavenly Father daily. A Christian fa- 
ther, as an example to his children, is worth more than 

Dr. Forbush says : " In the home which is the heart 
of our nation, father particularly emphasizes the mas- 
culine standpoint, brings to the child a knowledge of 
the human world, and supplements the mother in the 
care of the child. His special potency during adoles- 
cence is in being to the daughter her first lover and to 
the son his first hero." 

The following " Parable of the Lost Father," from 
Dr. Forbush's book, " The Guidebook to Childhood," 
so vividly portrays the father's duty in his home : 

" A certain father had two sons, and the younger of 
them said to his father: 'Father, give me the portion 
of thy time, thy attention, and thy companionship, and 
thy counsel and guidance which falleth to me.' And 
lie divided unto them his living in that he paid the 
boy's bills, and sent him to a select preparatory school, 
and to dancing schools and to college, and tried to be- 
lieve that he was doing his full duty by the boy. 

" And not many days after, the father gathered all 
liis interests and aspirations and ambitions; and took 
his journey into a far country, into a land of stocks 
and bonds and securities, and other things that do not 
interest a boy, and there he wasted his precious oppor- 
tunities of being a chum to his own son. And when 
he had spent the very best of his life, and had gained 
money, but had failed to find satisfaction, there arose 
a mighty famine in his heart, and he began to be in 
want of sympathyand real companionship. And he 
went and joined himself to one of the clubs of that 
country, and they elected him chairman of the House 
Committee, and president of the club, and sent him 
to the legislature. And he fain would have satisfied 
himself with the husks that other men did eat, and no 
man gave unto him any real friendship. 

" But when he came to himself he said : ' How many 
men of my acquaintance have boys whom they under- 
stand and who understand them, who talk about their 
boys and associate with their boys and seem perfectly 
happy in the comradeship of their sons, and I perish 
with heart-hunger. I will arise and go to my son and 
say unto him : " Son, I have sinned against heaven and 
in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy 
father. Make me as one of thy acquaintances." ' 

" And he arose and came to his son. But while he 
was yet afar off, his son saw him and was moved with 
astonishment, and instead of running and falling on his 
neck, he drew back and was ill at ease. And the fa- 
ther said unto him : ' Son, I have sinned against heaven 
and in thy sight. I have not done my duty by you, and 
I am not worthy to be called thy father. • Forgive me 
now, and let me be your chum.' 

" But the son said : ' Not so. I wish It were possible, 
but it is too late. There was a time when I wanted to 
know things, when I wanted companionship and ad- 
vice and counsel, but you were too busy. I got the 
information, and I got the companionship, but I got 
the wrong kind, and now, alas! I am wrecked in soul 
and body, and there is nothing you can do for me. It 
is too late, too late, too late ! ' " 

3446 Van Buren Street, Chicago, III 

The Little Ones 


How necessary it is that we, as fathers and moth- 
ers, trajn up our little ones in the nurture and admon- 
ition of the Lord, that they may grow up to his honor 
and glory! These precious gifts are either being 
raised for God or for the adversary of souls, and how 
sad it will be, when it is ours to leave this world, if we 

have not been diligent and done all we could to save 

Dear brethren and sisters, if all our children were 
saved for God, how much greater would his church 
be today ! Many are outside because they were 
brought up in the foolish fashions of the world. When 
taught the evil of these things, they are not going to 
care much for them. 

Eld. John Wise once stated how a sister wanted him 
to talk to her daughters, to get them into the church. 
But as she had dressed them fashionably from infancy, 
they would not heed the entreaty. They thought more 
of fine dressing than of God. 

If our children are raised up to follow Madam 
Fashion, they will probably want to carry the world 
along with them if they do enter our beloved church. 
Let us awake to our duty (Prov. 22: 6; Deut. 6: 
7; 4: 9; Rom. 12: 2; 1 John 2: 15)! 


■■■■ lYri 

what thou : 

the churches 

We have just concluded a very strenuous campaign in 
our work at this place. December is the month of prep- 
aration, but also the month of giving and receiving. I 
think of those who have received "the gift of eternal life 
through Jesus Christ," and who are giving its blessings 
to others. In a very essential way, I think, our dear 
members are striving to know the most approved methods 
of giving to others the truth as it is in Christ Jesus, our 

The first of the month we held our council and re- 
elected our church and Sunday-school officers. We 
planned our efforts to do more efficient work for the Mas- 

Next we began practicing on a program for Christmas. 
This required considerable work, as many of the children 
had never had much training in this kind of work. We 
rendered our program on Sunday evening before Christ- 
mas. The little ones did their part splendidly. We lifted 
an offering of $7.19. to be sent to the Brethren's Service 
Committee, to be used as they think best. We were glad 
to see so much interest manifested in the work. 

But the saddest feature of our work is seen in the ap- 
peals from the poor for help. In view of the limited cir- 
cumstances of so many of our members, we are compelled 
to turn down many of these appeals. May God hasten 
the time when the Muscatine church will be able to help 
these unfortunate people. Many of them are worthy poor, 
—widows and orphans, the sick and the afflicted. 

This dreadful war is opening the door for the Gospel 
to reach many hearts. 

How strikingly true it is that " none of us liveth to him- 
self "! There comes a time in our lives when we feel 
that we are only frail creatures, and need Divine Help. 
Leander and Mary Smith. 

125 Kindler Avenue, Muscatine, Iowa. 



nt evangelistic services, conducted by 1 

tor, Eld. A. G. Crosswhite, assisted by Bro. John P. Har- 
ris, of Saxton, Pa., began on the evening of Nov. 19, and 
closed with a love feast, Dec. 9. There were eighteen de- 
cisions for Christ, and the cause was greatly strengthened 
by these efforts. Bro. Harris is a strong, forceful speak- 
er, logical and convincing in his presentation of Gospel 
truth, and any church is greatly enriched by his efforts. 

At our recent council, on the evening of Dec. 14, plans 
were laid for a thorough canvass of the church, to secure 
pledges to finance the work for the coming year. The 
free-will offering plan continues in force. The " Budget 
System," when rightly presented and understood, becomes 
almost automatic in operation. 

Most of the church and Sunday-school officers are re- 
tained and what changes have been made, in any depart- 
ment, were not due to inefficiency, for it was hard to make 
better selections. The Sunday-school Board will soon 
select all teachers below the senior and adult depart- 
ments, in which most of the classes are organized and 
select their own teachers. At the beginning of the New 
Year appropriate installation services will be held for 
the newly-elected church, Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' Society officers. 

A beautiful little " social " was held for the beginners, 
primary department, cradle roll and as many more as de- 
sired to attend. Sister Elizabeth Barnett, superintendent 
of the primary, was ably assisted by teachers from that 
department, especially when it came to serving the dainty 
lunch, which all enjoyed so much. This consisted of small 
sandwiches, cake, pickles and cocoa. The program was 
brief but the fellowship was great. The missionary bank 
should have been opened at this meeting but it awaits 
" fuller developments." 

- This little annual affair has grown to double propor- 
tions and now requires an additional room for the ac* 

commodation of those in attendance. It was but a prelude 
to the Christmas program which followed on Sunday 
morning. It was "Promotion Day" as well, and many 
young hearts rejoiced to see the day when they could 
ascend one step higher. 

The "Christmas Spirit" was kept at white heat until 
the "Beautiful Bethlehem Story" was so effectively ren- 
dered by the large chorus in the evening. The morn- 
ing offering will be sent to the Armenian sufferers. 

The programs, both morning and evening, were in the 
hands of the superintendent, but the pastor delivered a 
sermonette and recited the touching poem, entitled, "Both 
Hands in the Hands of the Guide." 

We feel much encouraged over the past year's successes 
and enter upon the New Year with higher ideals, stronger 
convictions and increased faith in the Master's leadership. 

Roaring Spring. Pa., Dec. 26. Mrs. M. W. Sell. 


The prospective members of the Ankeny church of the 
Brethren convened at the home of G. E. Goughnour, Dec. 
27. 1917, at 7 P. M., for the purpose of organizing. Eld. 
J. A. Robinson, of Des Moines, acted as moderator. After 
devotional exercises, the forty-six names on the petition 
for the new church, were read. They, with some others 
to be added, will constitute the charter members. 

Bro. J. Q. Goughnour was unanimously elected elder 
in charge and Bro. J. N. Goughnour, church clerk. The 
question of finance was handled by selecting a treasurer 
and two others to serve on a finance committee. Bro. G. 
E. Goughnour was elected treasurer, with Will Burton 
and John Abuhl constituting the other two members. 

Brethren J. A, Smith, Will Burton and G. E. Gough- 
nour were elected as church trustees and Mrs. R. E. 
Goughnour was chosen correspondent for the " Messen- 

Privilege was granted the sisters to form an Aid So- 
ciety. They organized- immediately, as there is much 
work to be done, and great need at present. 

A monthly members' meeting was decided upon, to con- 
vene the first Thursday evening of each month. 

The selection of some one to deliver the dedicatory ser- 
mon was left in the hands of the building committee. At 
present, due to delay in the construction of the building, 
because of the extremely cold weather, and difficulty in se- 
curing materials, it is impossible to state definitely just 
when the dedication will take place. It will be announced 
later, through the columns of the "Messenger." 

We have a promising field to work in, and a live, mod- 
ern town. It is an ideal place for members to live, with the 
best of church, school and railroad facilities, The Child 
Rescue Home of Middle Iowa is located here and the 
superintendent and family will soon move to take charge 
of the work. Blanche M. Goughnour. 

Ankeny, Iowa. 


The last quarter of 1917 has been very encouraging and 
helpful to "The Washington City" church. Under the 
leadership and the excellent sermons of Bro. J. M. Henry, 
our pastor, our congregation has been steadily Increas- 
ing. Money for the support of the work has been more 
easily gotten, more personal interest is manifest, and in 
every way prospects seem better, perhaps, than ever in the 
history of the work. Employment in the Government de- 
partments has brought many members to our city. — some 
who had been away temporarily, and others who are here 
for the first time. We believe that most of our people 
coming here attend church, but occasionally we hear of 
those who can not find the church at Fourth Street and 
North Carolina Avenue, Southeast. We shall be glad for 
names and addresses of members or members' children 
who are not attending our services. Parents and oth- 
ers will do them a real service and us a kindness by send- 
ing them to us or Bro. J. M. Henry, pastor, at 337 North 
Carolina Avenue, Southeast, Washington, D. C. 

Prayer meeting has taken on new life. Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting has improved. Our Sunday-school goes for- 
ward with its mission of good to all. The church and 
all the auxiliary organizations have been officered for 1918 
by practically the same people who have been in office 
for 1917. Bro. J. H. Hollinger Is superintendent of the 
Sunday-school and Bro. D. E. Miller is president of Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting. Bro. A. P. Snader. of New Wind- 
sor, Md., has been retained as our elder. 

A goodly number of our people are working in the in- 
terest of the " W. A. Sunday Campaign," now on. We 
know our city needs an awakening spiritually, and hope 
for its coming in God's way and time. 

In the midst of war and what it brings to headquar- 
ters, we are made to wonder if men have forgotten that 
there is a God who does all things well. 

May we,' as a church, look to and rely upon him for 
sustaining grace, to lead us triumphantly to the saving 

Bro. Henry was unanimously elected to represent our 
church at the special session of Annual Meeting, to be 
held at Goshen, Ind. 

Our brethren in the Cantonments need our prayers and 
(Continued on Page 30) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 

The annual Bible Institute of La Verne College will be 
held from February 4 to 9 inclusive. An excellent pro- 
gram has been prepared for the entire time. Bro. Levi 
Minnich, who has been identified with the Sunday-school 
interests of the church for many years, will give a scries 
of addresses on Sunday-school topics. Eld. R. H. Miller 
will give daily lessons on the Book of Job, and Eld. J. P. 
Dickey on the Pastoral Epistles. Lectures will be given on 
various subjects of timely interest by the following: Elder 
R. H. Miller, Dr. W. I. T. Hoover, Prof. H. H. Nininger, 
Eld. I. V. Fundcrburgh, and Pres. Miller. 

The program for Saturday has been prepared with ref- 
erence to the interests of the Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers. Eld. E. S. Young's lessons will be in the line of 
the Sunday-school studies for the first half of the year. 
Elders D. L Forney and J. W. Cline will each give a lec- 
ture, — the former on the "Sunday-school and Missions," 
and the latter on " Our Field." Eld. Fundcrburgh will con- 
duct an open forum on the Christian Workers' Society. 
We hope that we may have a large attendance of the Sun- 
day-school and Christian Workers people on this day, as 
well as on all other days. S. J. Miller. 

La Verne, Cal. 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

i settle In such n country will find a cordial welcome here.— 
Sarah G. Folthouse, Seminole. Fin., Dec. 26. 


Nampa church met in members' meeting Dec. 21, with Bro. J. 

H. Gray bill moderator. Three letters were received and one 

granted. Bro. A. D. Kesler was chosen clerk; Brethren Kesler 

and Swift, superintendents of the Sunday-school. Birthday offer- 

tvhicn i 

unted to $21.66, will be given to World-wide Mis- 

class to help a young brother who is preparing to be a mission- 
ary. They did this only a part of the year, but raised $20.71. 
A nice Christmas program was given on Sunday evening. A new 
baptistry is to be placed in the church. The pastor, Bro. ,T. H. 
Graybill, will hold a series of meetings in the Bear future. The 
church enjoyed having Bro. W. O. Beckner with us a few times 
while he was in the State.— Amanda Garter, Nampn, Idaho, Dec. 

respondent and agent ; 

■ granted. The church is pleased > 

absence of si\ years— Mnllio 15. Thoi 

Twin Falls.— Our church met in council at 1:30 
The following officers were elected for one year: 
ney, elder: Bro. Allle Swab, clerk: Sister Alice Sw 
ont: Bro. Norris, "Messenger" agent; Bro. B. N. Flory, super!: 
i elected president 

Bro. Sargent, of Beth; 
preached for five even!: 

Mcpherson, Knns., preached one evening of 

Anderson. — Our 



privilege of attending the District Meeting of Southern Indian! 
in Bible Institute. The subject of "Music" was taken up by 
Sister Sadie I. Stutsman, enabling us to see many new beauties 
in the right kind of song service. The Sunday-school teacher and 
iiis great and important work before his class, led us all to see 
the great importance of being thoroughly qualified before going 
before our clnsses. Bro. E. B. Hoff, in treating the subject of 
"The Holy Spirit In the Life and Service of Men,*' was convinc- 
ing beyond n doubt. The church, as a whole, was taught many 
good lessons throughout nil the services. We were especially 
impressed with the Importance of rising to higher nnd grander 


16 and preached for five evenings. 
inns., preached one 

Ing before Christum: 

Bro. S. S, Neher's wife 

spend the rest of th> 

is seriously 111. We pray for her recovery.— Mrs. Jennie. Wolfe, 

228 Eighth Avenue East, Twin Falls, Idaho, Dec. 26. 


MUledgoville. — The church nt this place has just closed n year 

of prosperous work, and enters upon the new yenr with bright 

prospects. The average attendance of the Sunday-school shows 

elected superintendent. — Levi Wise, 1027 Jefferson Street, Ander- 
son, Ind„ Dec. 31. 

Blue River church met in council Pec. 20. In the absence of 
our elder, Bro. Clarence Bowers presided. Bro. Walter Swihnrt 
was reelected elder in charge: Bro. Charles Bnnyan, "Sunday- 
school superintendent; Bro. Paul Swihnrt, president of Christian 

; the writer, church correspondent.- We are 
if our series of meetings conducted by Bro. R. Slirt 
Sister "Winnie Cripe gave us two excellent talks on 
ivorshlp and customs. An offering, of ?S3 was given 1 

i the 

installed in our church. Ju 

the sudden departure of the wife of our elder, which 
day of our council.— Laura Frick, Churubw 

1 rid . 

Dec. 31. 

Clear Creolt.— A number of members Ooni adjoining ' 
tlons expressed a desire to be present nt the dedication of our 
new church, but on account of the deep snow nnd cold weather, 
the dedication services which were to hnvc been held in Decem- 
postponed until spring. The date will 


ilncil ■ 

i in charge of Eld. V. F. Kcliwnlui. 

i shown relating to the birth of Christ. The meeting 

attended.— Mi sj 

Hartford City, Ind„ Dec. 


Folks nnd Orphans' Homes at Mexico, Ind. -The members went 
with well-filled briskets to the home of our elder, Bro. L. TJ. 
Kreider, and spent a very pleasant time together. Music, prayer 
and talks were given, nnd nn offering of $3.50 was tnken for the 
suffering Armenians. Bro. J. A. Snell, of South Whitlev. held n 
two weeks' revival, closing Dee. 23. We held our council Dec. 20. 
with Bro. Kreider in charge. Bro. Sharon S. Miller was elected 
superintendent of the Sunday- school : Sister Mary Lnnnnrd, "Mes- 
senger " a pent: the writer, clerk.— (Miss) M.irv Miller, R. D. 0, 
Box 12S, Huntington, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Huntington City church met in council on Thursday evening, 
Dec. 20, nt S o'clock, with Bro. Ira E. Dong presiding. Two let- 
" " i granted. Bro. W. H. Weyhrlghi nnd Risfor Torn Em- 

1 " Home Relief Fund." 

Dec 14 ' p 

were elected si 

\ Fahr- Pr 

imbnngh, Chris 

espond- KP 

Thanksgiving. We have a fund, calle 
we expect to keep in readiness for s 
er, of nenr Greenville, Ohio, is our pastor. He began his work 

last September and is doing good work. Last week he went back 
to New Carlisle, Ohio, and brought home with him a helpmate. 
who will greatly aid in the work. We are looking forward to our 
series of meetings to be held in March bv Bro. W. K. Conner, 
of Hnrrisburg, Ta.— Mrs. J. B. Bailey, 700 Guilford Street, Hunt- 

pring.— H. L. Chambers, 1320 N. Olive Street, South Bend, 

aka church enjoyed a good Christmas entertainment, given 
■ Sunday-school scholars on the Sunday before Christmas. 
ering of $17 was raised for the suffering i 

Bro. Wm, Hess, of Goshen, was elected as our elder for next year 
and Bro. Lawrence Conrad, superintendent of the Sunday-school, 
ingeinents were made for a, series of meetings In the i 

weallier and small at ■ 

We had a good meeting, in spite- of thn 
tendance.— Hnttie Weaver. Brim field, Ind. 

-Oil Sunday evening, Dec. 

:-■ . ■ ! : :.:■■■ 


am'c anil fine interest prevailed. ]!ro. Swihnrt revealed i 
and plainly the Word of God, and Sister Kreider was efficient i 
her service of song. Four were baptized and one reclnimod.- 
Marie MeUger, CInypool, Ind., Dec. 31. 


they have just closed. Three confessed Christ. Bro. Flke, of Wa- 
terloo, conducted the .song service. We are now in the midst of 
• interesting Bible Institute, conducted by Bro. Buckley, t 

Rowe, of Dnlln: 

porlntendent of the Sunday-school i 
dent of the Christian Workers. Our 
Inst Sunday night, Dec. 23. 


-llell.. Ruth, Grand 

which will be used for the Armenian ■ 
Junction, Iowa, Dec. 26. 

Dallas Center church met in council Dec. 22, with our elder, 
Bro. C. B. Rowe, presiding. Brethren Walter Royer nnd Anron 
Garwic were elected superintendents of the Sunday-school; Sis- 
ters Ella Seahman and May Garwic, Presidents of the Christian 
Workers' Society. An offering of .flfiO was taken at our Thanks- 
giving service for the Belgians. Our Aid Society nnd several of 
our Sunday-school classes are making clothing for the little Bel- 
gian children. Two of our Sunday-school classes furnished n 
room in our new Child's Receiving Home In Ankeny. Dec. 28 we 
had the pleasure of having with us the Mt. Morris Male Qunrtet. 
which was greatly enjoyed. — Annn Goughnour, Dallas Center, 

, by Bro. S. B. Miller. An offering of ?8.41 wt 
t of the new Home located at Ankeny. Iowa. Tiinnkspivinp 
» fitting the occasion. An offer- 

by having the male quartet from Mt. Morris with us. An offer- 
:o the quartet. Sunday morning, in con- 

>n's Christmas program, the qunrtet apain 

neetion with i 

The offering of both niornir: 
and evening was ?36.27, nnd will be sent to the sufferers in A 
menia. Thursday evening. Dec. 27, the church met in called mee 
ng. Bro. R, B. Miller was chosen elder for another yenr; Sisti 
T.i/zic Leldigh, clerk: Sister Nanny Baer. "Messenger" agent an 
president of Christian Workers; Sister Grace Cripe. corresponds 
and Sunday-school superintendent: Sister Mary Martin, supe 
intendent of primary department; Sister Diehl. superintendent i 
home department: Sister Grace Burgess, superintendent of crad 

-Mrs. Jennie B. Miller, Robir 

jters of Bagley. who accepted Christ during the nteetim 
icted by Bro. Beery. In the evening the Christian T 
ok up a collection of -?1 fi fi" which was sent to Bethany 

ad the Mt. Morris 

and of the membership of the church. Attendance at Sunday- 
school nnd church services hns been practically the same. The re- 
election of our most efficient Fiipi-riutendent assures us much for 
the next year. Dec. 10 the Students' Volunteer Mission Band, from 
Mt, Morris College, presented nn exceptionally strong program. 
Dec. 21, with our elder, Bro. J. E. Miller, in the chair, we reorgan- 

program nnd was rendered to a v 

which the young people entered i 

sion. An offering of approximately $85 was presented 

King, for the benefit of the Armenian sufferers. -Olin F, Shaw, 

Mllletlgeville, 111., Jan. 1. 

Naperville (Bethel Church).— Our Sunday-school gave its usual 
Christmas program on Sunday evening, Dec. 23. We observed n 
"White Christmas" nnd instead of the children receiving treats, 
i the suffering Armeninns. A goodly : 

During the holidays 

blessed by having Bro. Richards, of Bethany Bible School, with 
: a Bible Institute, A^ rich feast was enjoyed by 
■ expect to organize n 

be held Jnn. 

i the i 

-Estella B. M. Erb, Na- 

perville, 111., Dec. 31. 

Shannon.— A well-attended and spiritual Thanksgiving service 
was conducted nt the church with a missionary offering of $122 
Dec. 2 Bro. Nevinger, of Hart. Mich., commenced a series of meet- 
ings. Owing to the cold, stormy weather, the interest was not 
so good toward the close of the meetings. Dec. 16 Bro. C. P. 
Rowland, of Lanark, preached for us morning and evening. On 
Christmas Sunday our Sunday-school pave an offering of $28 for 
the Armenian and Syrian sufferers. The church met in council 
this afternoon. Sunday-school officers were elected for the next 
Brethren Homer Welgle and Dave Lutz reelected as 
m, 111., Dec. 29. 
Dec. 27, at 10 o'clock, with 

uperlntendents. — Etta Kreldei 

r elder, Bro. 

Bro. Will Cordell was 
Bro. S. S. Plum, elder i 
bored faithfully with v 

. presiding. 

for t 


* taken to help In the ^ 

Thanksgiving dinner— Mary Fry, R. D. 5, Polo, 111,, Dec. 27. 

Sister Battle Appiegate.— IT. E. Millspaiieli. 

J. H, Wright was chosen to continue his work as elder in charge. 
On the evening of Dec. 23 a Christmas program was rendered. 
Special music was furnished by the children, and the choral so- 
the junior nnd advanced departments. An offering of 
s given by the primary department for 
liberal donation was received 
from those present for the Armenian sufferers. — Ivnh M. Gross- 
nickle, North Manchester, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Monticello.— We held our council at 1 o'clock, Saturday, Dec. 
22, with Bro. O. B. Heeter presiding. Our missionary society 
gave a program on Sunday evening, Dec. 23. Our Sunday-school 
officers were elected for another six months, with Bro. T. L. Hib- 
ner as superintendent.— Orpha Bridge, Monticello. Ind., Dec. 30. 

North Liberty.— At our Christian Workers' Meeting we had a 
talk about the hungry children across the sen. It was suggested 

(g his only Son, nnd why should we not feed the hungry in his 
ime? An offering of $7.85 was raised to be sent to our Gen- 
■al Mission Board. It will be put with our Sunday-school mis- 
onary collections,— Mrs. Fred Lnmmedee. North Liberty, Ind., 
ec. 27. 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 22, with our elder, Bro. 
. I. Whitmer, presiding. Bro. Eli Heestand was also with us. 
inc letters were granted. Bro. Whitmer was reelected elder for 
"Messenger" agent; Bro. Harry Miller, 

have been drafted into war service.— Mrs. Dorttia Miller, North 
Liberty, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Sonth Bend (Second Church).— We met In council Wednesday, 
Dec. 26, with our pastor, Bro. R. O. Roose, presiding. We decided 

r Sunday-school dur- 

a library for our Sunday-f 

Sunday-school gave a short 

gntlon placed upon the platform, provisions for the needy in" 

city, nnd a sliver offering of $30 for the 

following which f 

Garrison Sunday -school rendered n program on Christmas Day. 
after which each department and cinss wns called on for their 
gifts. The donations were used for the poor nnd many a heart 
was made hnppier because of the Christmas Hay.— Mabel Shnffer. 
Garrison, Iown, Dec. ,20. 

Klngsley church met In council Dec. 10, with our elder, Bro. IT. 

i different depnrtments. On I 

nd joint Sunda; 

21, with Eld. Throne presiding. Two members were received by 

M. Eshelman. auditing ( 

president Christian Workers. Our Christian Workers' Band i 

THE COSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1$18 

dered a Christmns program t.n Sunday evening, Dec. 23.— Olive 
M. Wheeler, 722 Olive Street, Ottawa, Kans., Dec. 28. 

Ozawkle church met Jn council Dec. 14, with Bro. I. H. Crist 
presiding. One letter was granted. Church, Sunday-s 

sident of Christian Workers.- 

Sunday-school superintendent. Sunday evening, Dec. 23, the Sun 
day-school gave a very 
which an offering of ?28.49 

interesting Christmas 


Morrill. During our series of meetings in the fall, held by Eld. 
S. E. Thompson, two souls confessed Christ.— Ward Nance, Mor- 
rill, Kans., Jan. 2. v 

Sabetlia church met in council Dec. 2fi, with Eld. R. A. Yoder 
presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming 

We i 

. Yoder, 

■ nil i 

i last Sunday whei 
ith us after being 

?sting and instructive. Thanksgiving services were held at this 
iln.ce, Bro. Bowman preaching the sermon. A collection of $2Z 
.vas taken, which will be used for Homo Missions. Friday even- 

pastor's wife, Sister 

Miller. Saturday, Dec. 

in council. It was decided that the former com- 
mittee continue, and that sheds for the horses be built as soon 
as possible. We will have a series of meetings, beginning Jan. 
20, conducted by Bro. Roy Miller, our paBtor. Sister Viola 
Meadow was chosen to correspond with an evangelist to hold 
meetings a year from this winter. Bro. H. W. Smith was re- 
elected elder for the coming year; Bro. Walter Kimrael, trustee; 
Bro. John Harrison, "Messenger" agent; Sister Erba Gorham, 
clerk; Sister lit lit- 1 Kiiinnel, correspondent. On the evening of 
Dec. 20, a goodly number met at the home of our elder and wife 
for prayer meeting, after which Bro. Roy Miller presented them 

i gift. Sunday morning, De< 

pastor gavi 

Christmas sermon. In the evening we had our Christmas ex- 
ercises by the Sunday-school. We used the " Giving to the Lord " 
method, as we have for some few 
to some needy cam 
placed with the $18, given by the "Bound to Win" class, and 
sent to the Armenian sufferers. Sunday evening, Dec. 30, we had 
promotion exercises of the Sunday-school and graduation of the 
Teacher- training class of six. Our work in all departments is 
nrogressing nicely. — Mrs. Jennie Frantz, VermoiUville, Mich., Dec. 

Zion congregation met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. Samuel 
Bowser as moderator. He was chosen elder in charge for the 
coming year; Bro. A. W. Martlndale, Sunday-school superintend- 
ent; Sister Elizabeth Mnrtindale, superintendent of the primary 
department; Sister Ola Bowman, president of Chrlstlnu Work- 
ers; Bro. O. P. Jones, overseer of home department; Sister Iva 
M. Payne, overseer of cradle roll; Sister Esther Mnrtindale, "Mes- 
senger" ngent; the writer, correspondent. An nil-day Sunday- 
school meeting was held on New Tear's Day.— Neva R. Moats, 
Prescott, Mich., Jan. 2. 


Hancock.— We have been enjoying a season of refreshing. 
Brethren Glenn Montz and William Heisey, of Bethany Bible 
School, enme to us Dec. 17. Bro. Montz prenched plain, forcible 
sermons and Bro. Heisey conducted the song service and gave 
some special numbers. Dec. 27 we held our council, with Bro. 
Montz presiding. Bro. A. J. Nlekey was elected elder; Bro. H. 
W. Ylngst, foreman; Sislcr Myers, church agent and as member of 
the Child Rescue Committee; Sisters Susie Sehechter and Merle 
Nitz, Temperance Committee; Brethren Yingst and Wood, Sun- 
day-school superintendent. Our meetings closed Dec. 30, — the 

cute here.— Ella Ylngst, Hancock, Minn., Dec. 

Rockingham.— Bro. J. Hugh Heckman began a Bible Institute 

us In our Sunday-school lessons. Bro. S. O. New ham 
'lay-school superintendent for- 1018, and the writer 
leinlent of the primary department. The officers w 

Sunday-school Board elected by the Sunday-school 
membership, to select its officers and teachers and to look after, 
in a general way, the interest of the school. Dec. 30 these offi- 
cers selected, were installed to take charge of affairs the first 
Sunday of the new year. We are preparing to start our series 
lit meetings on Sunday, Jan. 6, with Bro. H. E. Blough in charge. 
—Fred McConnell, 24G N. Martinson Avenue, Wichita, Kans., Dec. 

White Rock (Lovewell).- 

Sunday-school officers with Bro. 
George Baringer as superintendent. Several of our members are 
moving away. This makes us fewer in number, but we pray that 
Christ's cause may be blessed here.— Elnora B. Swltzer, Formoso, 


Sun Held. — We had a good service on Thanksgiving Day. Bro. 
John Bjorklund, recently of Colorado, now living in the bounds of 
the Woodland church, gave us a good sermon. An offering of 

■ granted.— (Mrs.) Kittle Bowman 

. Hardin, Mo., 

teudent; Bro. Otto Keintz, 
Staller. O/awkie, Kans., I 

Point Creek church met in council Dec. 23, with Eld. J. A. Stroll m 
in charge. _ Sister Annie Richard was elected clerk, " Messeuger " 
agent and correspondent for one year; Bro. Stroll m, elder; Sister 
Grace Crumpackcr, Sunday-school superintendent for six months. 
We decided to have preaching services on the second and fourth 
Sundays anil Christian Workers' Meetings on alternate Sundays. 
Sister Isa ItuthraufC wns reelected solicitor. We sent $5 from 
birthday offerings to Chicago, for Thanksgiving dinner for the 
poor. — Annie Richard, Uniontowu, Kaus., Dec. 28. 

Protection. — Our meetings closed on Sunday evening, Dec. 30, 
lasting one week. Bro. Roy P. Hylton was in charge and Bro. 
Ernest Ikenberry, of McPherson, led in the song service. The 
members were encouraged to press on. Bro. Hylton gave us 
inspiring sermons and the song service was enjoyed. Sunday 
evening, instead of Christian Workers' Meeting, Bro. Ikenberry 
gave us a missionary talk. An offering of §15 was taken to help 
the Armenian and Syrian sufferers. — Minnie Jones, Box 8, Pro- 
tection, Kans.. Dec. 30. 

Keck Creek church met in council Dec. 11. Bro. H. D. Bowman 
Chosen elder in churge and Bro. Frank Bailey, reelected 

Shoal Creek Institute of Southwestern Missouri and 
Northwestern Arkansas wns he], I !lr this pl.iee beginning DOC 23 
closing Dec, 28. Eld. J. M. Mohler, of I.eeton, Mo was the In- 
structor. The lessons were on the Old Testament, as related 
to the New, and Christ In both. Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' topics were discussed bclween the lessons, which were 
■barge of Bro. A. W. Adkins, the District Secretary. We feel 

well ; 

this phu 

-Vlrgie Argabright,' Falrview. Mo., Deo." 29 

nda.— On Thanksgiving Day Bro. Vnn Pelt gave us a good 

A collection of 5100 was taken to be sent to the Gen- 

sslon Board for World-wide Missions. We have been hnv- 

d attendance and Interest In our .Sunday-school, consld- 

i teacher-training class 

ering the Inclement weather. We 
In November, which meets' once 
ices on Christmas Day 

We had 

Tn h k " ad ,? re " of every brother °' Northwestern Ohio, 
who has been called to the Training Camps. Also any other in- 

° rm ,? tl0 ? t, "' t wm,lli '"' l "" ,r " 1 to ™ in inking after fS ta- 
ZZV'S. y 8: ll LTmn. re o h h r i e oM h0 l haVe b « *» -»"«" 

^XTtt^^T^ 1 Br °- R - M " Lantls, pre 8 ld?nTo r f 
V J' ;, °" »»nday morning Bro. August Becker 

etnln'g a mSon^ pTo°gram wafreie? TbT^ V 

%£hF<£Xri£t™ Bflber - Mfnn * HomngeMt 

A.^thSte'iling C Trf A^oll" was" St??' B /°' JMM " 
superintendent. nnd^Bro.^utl^wns^USl ^Si'X^ 
tfahon evm.'lV^ °I™ r J°i^ e "-? !? S1 * ter A1 ! ce Cole - 

' 3,— 

s Dec. 2 and remained v 
ilBslonary talk ] 


the Sahetha, Morrill and Rock Creek churches 
joint Sunday-school and Christian Workers' meeting : 

mbaugh chu«h met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. Mason 
; received. We elected Sun- 
months. Bro. Abner Stone 
:on Huffman, elder for next 
Deardorff, president of Christian Workers' So- 
ciety.— Sister Edith Stone, R. D. 2, Rock Lnke, N. Dak.. Dec. 30. 
CuiHlfl.— The churches of this congregation met In called meet- 
ing and selected their oliieers for the ensuing year. Bro. Geo. 
K. Miller wns elected elder; S. W. Burkhart, clerk; L. F. Ken- 
Sister Bertha Kenslnger, church correspondent; 

Cook, "Messenger" agents; "White Gifts for the King 

(Mrs.) Gertrude E. Guthrie, Spencervllle.^h^'ja'n. t 

Klk Clty.-We met in council Dec. 22, with our elder Bro T n 
Pltzer, in char,,. r| llu ,, llll( , Sun«ay-' BC Jioo] officers we?e elected 
or the year 1018. Bro. PItzer was retained as our elder Four 
etters of membership wee read and accepted. Our work is mov 
mg along nlcely.-EIlznbeth E. Byerly, Elk City, Okln., Dec 30. 

Thomas church met in council Dec 27 Km p m \f .„i, J 

was reelected as our older for the coding year°B™. B. "'"SS 

V."".' ^" I '" ilnUr '" '"' the Snmlny.i school; Bro. A L Williams 

Christi, in Worker.' ,„ IlL The Chrlsti(m W orke 9 ' Meeting 

"Ul Hie Junior Hand, have been having some very interesting 
meetings. The furnace which wc 1,,,,,. |^, in'tailed adds much 
to the comfort of our building. Our Sumlnv school gave n Chrlst- 
"^S^KS? ?" ?. und «y "'"nlnir at the preaching ! 

Hon of $15 i 


■ mnny more workers. This church has been handi- 
so many members selling out nnd moving away. We 
note that what Is our loss bus been a gain to the 
old " Beel 
hleh hnv{ 
responded to.— M. P. Lichty, Zion, N. Dnk., Dec. 20. 

Surrey church met In council Dec. 26, with our elder, Bro. D. M. 
Shorb, presiding. He was elected as our elder for another year; 
Bro. p. S. Petry, Sunday-school superintendent ; Sister Marie 
Elker, president of Christian Workers. Sunday morning, Dec. 23. 
Bro. Amos Blocher, of York, N. Dnk., prenched n very edifying 
Christmas sermon. In the evening our Sunday school rendered 
Nora E. Petry, Surrey, N. Dak., 

gregntlon for such gifts, .saying that articles of food or clothing 
would go for the orphans and homeless children of New Mex- 
ico, nnd that the money would be sent to the suffering children 
in Europe. Three gave themselves ns a gift to Jesus. The total 
offerings given amounted to $73.00. During the past year our 
primary department has been quite a success. We have lately 
selected a superintendent for a junior department nnd f 

fntendent.— Frank W. Gibson, Miami, N. Mex., Dec. 28. 

Miami Sunday-school was reorganized last Sunday with 
R. Vf. Boiinger superintendent nnd Sister Molly Bollnger, 

superintendent. The primary department gave i 
Two children were promoted from the 
promoted to the Junior department. 
Our Sunday-school has grown in interest and numbers In the 
past year.— Mrs. E. D. Deeter, Miami. N. Mex., Dec. 30. 

i stay with i 
zed our ministerial committee to confer with him In re- 

i Sunday-school. — Mrs. Louella Olm, TVIIei'.mtaine, Ohio, Dec, 

nnd enthuslasi 

and tin 

Normal. The 

In our church, and i 
ext year. Our Sunday-school Normal instructors were 
a Galen B. Royer and Ezra Flory, and our Bible Term ln- 
s were Ezra Flory, L. I. Moss, C. A. Wright, Albert Wolf 

home talent. Many of the good suggestions we hope to 
i operation at once.— Lula O. Guthrie, Fostorla, Ohio. Dec. 

■ of t 

weeks' series of 

meetings, , 

was the begin 

by our pastor, Bro. Ira II. Frantz. The meet- 
closed Dec. 30 with seven accepting Christ. Bro. Frantz 
has been with us seven months, and he and his earnest wife have 
won the love and respect of all. He preaches strong sermons. 
Since Brother and Sister Frantz have been with us a Christian 
Workers' Meeting has been organized.— Mrs. Nannie McCorkle, R. 

. r.inkley presiding. Eld. J. P. Bright was also present. Breth- 

Russell Wenger, of North I 
gave an Inspiring sermon in the morning, and Bro. Harvey Shinf- 
fer, of Mt. Pleasant, Mich., in the evening. Dec. 30 several of the 
Manchester students and Sister Lydia Stnuffer, of Elizobethtown 
College, rendered a very interesting missionary 

:o our new house of worship, which is almost 
wdy for dedication. We can not set a definite 
its arrive. Notice will be given to the churches 
onrd of date for dedication. The dedication will 
series of meetings conducted by Rro. C. L. Wil- 
i, Mich. Sister Norn Shively, of Plymouth, Ind„ 

DeardorfT, 1075 E. Center Street, Marlon, Ohio, I 

Metamora.— Sunday, Dec. 30, we were pleased 
Brother nnd Sister Nathan McKlmmy. of Beavei 
McKimmy preached for us In the morning. We 

■'""."■" '"'"'''" Blvl "" "'" lr "'"'' ">•'■« to .Tonus nt the recent 

7 I'"'- '"■ "•■'","' " ' < .1.1' i" stod by Tme 

","'">■ ''";»,■». ,"'"1 "... II.,:. :•;,„ , lorln.- amounted 

to 518 ivMol. woi.t lo I,,.],, l„i K |,t,.„ tl.c Cl.rlstmns of some little 
Dec? 2& C " lcn « : »-A"«>ft L. Wllllame. R. D. A, Themae. Okla, 

I . is.,,! tl..,e-ln order that our elder. Bro. A. L. Boyd, might 
elected e Sr ?™' M ' "\°"" ™" "' e ■»»»»«'»■' «M iu re- 
SlSor V, ?,„,'", "", '','""""-' ! '"" r; Bro ' h - A - V.nlmon, clerk; 

N .' Kmc I.oy.l II, it,.,', Teni.nnd.-nt; Dro. Qllhert Brubeler 

,.'","''."", «..|..'>''.l.'..,l.'..t: Bro. Earl Jones, president o( 

I ministry i 

lor League. Ho wns also "choflen" 

»v rt Mruhi.ker. will, his wife, was ehosen'To'Vho' deacon's office 

I hey were l,„th Installed followlnfi Sunday, after a New Tear's 

l """u '-y !ro Mahler. Reports show gratifying results In our 

Christian Worker:,' Meeting, Huiidav-school and general church 

work.-Pearl Wlltfong, Cordell, Okla., Jan 2 


Nmvborjr church lately enjoyed a very spiritual series of meet 
ings. conducted by Kid. S. 10. Decker, of Ashland, Oregon. H. 
i- a me to us on Dec. x, nnd began preaching on Sunday morninir 
?. r . e . n 5 hin 8 «* evenl »e and twice for tliree Sundays^-in all 


eighteen spiritual 

. well attended as we hoped they" would 1^ Two"'were baptized 
\ Sunday, pec. 23. On this, preaching tour Bro. Decker was 

. s-venly f„nr .lays an-1 prenchc.l :i,werj|.\ 

feasts.— Sarah A. Van Dyke, Newberg,' Ore- 

officiated at L. 
gon, Dec. 25, 
Nowberg church met In council Dee. 20. Bro. S. P. Van Dyke 

c rh F n, ° rv 1 " ' :ll,l , rK ' 1 1 f " r PUS1|1 »B y««: Mattie Dunlap, 

. .. k ' | ''' ll ; ;l j- *["»>■>■■ : ?i v-s.-houl h rinlen.lent. We had a 

. — Sarah A. Van 

: but 

of $12.08 wns taken for the needy in the war .>» 
Dyke, Newberg, Oregon, Dec. 31. 

Portland.— The- pupils rendered e 
tcrnsllng Chrlstnms program on the evening of 
younger people mainly took part. The auditorium was appropri- 
ately decorated, and young and old enjoyed the entertainment 
-All present w.-r.- preseiilcd ulfl, ;l nrrml! remenibrtince —Grace W 
Hewitt, 1181 Borthwick Street, Portland, Oregon, Dec. 20. 

Williams Oreek.-Our council waa held two weeks sooner than 
the regular time, owing to our elder having to attend the council 
at .Ashland. We retained all oar Sunday-school officers; elected 
Sister Alice Pence as church clerk; Bro. M. C. Lininger as elder 
Nine of our members have moved away and two have died We 
expect to hold a series of meetings in February if we can get 
Bro. S. E. Decker.— Nellie Moomnw, Williams, Oregon, Dec. 25. 

Big Swatara,— Our protracted meetings in the several churches 
of this congregation closed recently. Bro. John Brubaker, of 
Manheim, Pa., labored for the church at Bast Hanover giving 
strong sermons. Three stood for Christ. Bro. S. M. Lehigh, of 
in Fishing 

On Sunday evening, Dec 

enjoyed i 

of the < 

luperintendents elected 

ns follows: East Hanover, Bro. Milton Gingrich; Hnnoverdale, 
Bro. C. W. Smith ; Lower I'a\ton, Bro. James Wright. The Christ- 
mas service was held nt the Paxton church. The attendance waa 
small but the home ministers presented the Christmas story of 
Jesus In all Its beauty.— (Mrs.) Jennie A. Cassel, R. D. 2, Hum- 
melstown, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Coventry held installation services on Sunday morning, Dec. 30. 
Bro. Linwood Gelger, of Pottstown, R. D. 3, was Installed into 
the ministry. Bro. G. K. Walker, of Pottstown, conducted the 
service and gave a very fine discourse. The Sunday-school offi- 
cers were also Installed. — Mrs. Martha T. High, 1'ottstown, Pa., 

Dry Vulley.— Bro. C. H. Steerman, of Honey Grove, Pa., eon- 
ducted a series of meetings at this place from Dec. 10 to 23. 



Thirteen confessed 

Pa., Jan. 1. 

■ another year. — J. D. Elllnger, Maitland, 

.... —Bro. Levi K. Zlegler nnd wife, of Elizabethtown, 

spent their Christmas vacation with relatives at this place. Bro, 
Zlegler prenched two good sermons for us, In the morning and 
evening of Dec. 23 we lifted an offering of $121.54 for the Arme- 
nian sufferers. On Christmas several baskets of groceries were 
distributed. Our exercises on Christmas night were well attended. 
The subject was "The Prince of Peace." Besides the program 
iiv the children, talks were given by Brethren Omar Witmer, G. 

. Beelmnn and H. B. Yoder.— Leah N. Phllllpy, 227 Lancaster 

. o Br, 

. S. Gipe, of : 

closed Dec. 30. Owing to inclemei 
not so good. Bro. Glpe did not duuu m • 
(Continued on Page 32) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 

(Continued from Page 27) 
the support of our people, to whom the principle of non- 
resistance has always been dear. Let your light shine, 
brother. Ask God to direct every word you may say when 
visiting the drafted boys, so that his Word may be obeyed 
and his name glorified. Praise God for the good of A. D. 
1917. M. C. Flohr. 

808 C Street, Southeast, Washington, D. C, Dec. 29. 


Christmas was a very joyful day, for both aged and chil- 
dren. At 8:00 A. M. all assembled in the parlor, where 
the children rendered several beautiful Christmas songs 
for the entertainment of the old people, after which pres- 
ents of fruit and candy, furnished by three business firms 
of our city, were distributed by the superintendent. Also 
a box of toys for the children, donated by Sister Oma 
Erbaugh's Sunday-school class of girls, at Trotwood, 
Ohio. We received a bed comforter from sisters of the 
Donnels Creek church, and a quilt from the Springfield 
Sisters' Aid. For a week before Christmas parcels ar- 
rived daily, for individual members of the Home, from 
their own special friends. It gave them much joy to 
know they were not forgotten. 

We have at this time nine children, — six girls, ranging 
in ages from six to thirteen, and three boys, eight to 
twelve; twenty-one old people, aged forty-seven to nine- 
ty, with others waiting for the completion of our new 
building, that they also may enter the Home. 

We thank all the generous donors of money and gifts, 
which have contributed so much to the comfort and pleas- 
ure of the homeless children and the aged brethren and 
sisters. May the Father in heaven richly reward each 
one, is the prayer of your servant. 

Greenville, Ohio, Dec. 28. G. W. Minnich. 


IX— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society for 
nf meetings held, nineteen; average at- 
b not ted three comforts and made eloth- 

; sewed for three needy families in the 

pons and handkerchiefs 
I two comforts, two eorst 
bonnets, sixteen wash-c 

shoes, one pair of slm.'v, one pair of slippers. We donated grocer- 
ies to the amount »f %ZJK\ sent to Mary Quinter Hospital, $3; gave 
to a brother In the South, 92,50; to a friend. $2. We sent away four 
boxes of clothing and also twenty-nine other garments. We fur-" 
nlshed four bouquets of carnations, three lunches, one dish, one 
towel, one washcloth, one large doily and live prayer-coverings. 
We donated two days' work. We received $5 for work done; do- 
nated 31 vests and one comfort-top. Donations to the Aid col- 
lection during the year. $22.47. Money In treasury, J2fl.ll, The 
following officer 8 were elected for 1018: Anna Cripe, President; 
Eva Ha in man, Vice-President; Zomn Wright, Secretary-Treas- 
urer; Sadie Gruff, Assistant Secretary -Treasurer; Ella Krelger 
and Alice Shock, Superintendents of Work; Mary Kuhn, Seller; 
Ocie Shock and Julia Rich creek, Choristers. — Florence Jarrett, 


ompanled by BO centa 

of a marriage nol 

that the fifty 

the publication 

ubscrlptlon for the newly-mi 
de at the time the notice Is 

Klllsl.oioiit.-li, of Swan 3 

13, 1017, Rev. Chas. Q. Cole officiating, Mr. Elmer 

nd Sister Myrtle E. Whlsler, 
of Sterling, 111.— Mrs. G. E. Whlsler, Sterling, 111. 

bride's parents, I'.ndher and Sister" W. ' E. Fyock, South Fork, 
Pa., Dec. 25. 1017. Mr. Edward Banks Botteicher and Sister Gus- 
tle May Fyock. both of South Fork.— M. Clyde Horst, Johnstown, 

. — By the undersigned, nt the 1 
Wood Park, Minot, N. Dak., 

and Miss Ruth Kingery, botli of Greene, 

Shi-uVr, Aug. 5, 1877. 
irvlve. He united with the Church of 
I faithful. Services 
by Elders Taylor and Miller, of the Center church.— Rachel A. 
Mohn, Louisville, Ohio. 

Cook, Marthn M.. daughter of Hiram and Luclndu Vurner, born 
July 5, 1852, died Dec. 18, 1017. She married Jesse Cook Aug. 21, 
1875, who preceded Iter less thini four years ago. To them were 
born six children, but at the mother's death only three survived. 
This was the third death In this family since March, 1017. She 
also leaves three grandchildren, three sisters nnd two brothers. 
Sister Cook was n member of the Church of the Brethren for 
many years aad will be greatly missed. Services by the writer 
In the Hartford City church. Text, Luke 10: 20. Interment in the 
cemetery near by.— D. A. Hummer, Portland, Ind. 

Eby, Fnnnie, nee Browc 
July 28, 1857, died at her home near Adel, Id 

00 years, 4 months and 20 days. In 1SS4 she moved With her par- 
ents to Russell County, Kans., where on Jan. 10, 1S90, she was 
married to Norman Eby. To them was born one daughter. Sis- 
ter Eby united with the Church of the Brethren at the age of 
sixteen and was a faithful member. She bore her ufllictlon, which 
was long and severe, patiently, looking forward to the time when 
she would be free from pain and suffering, and at rest with her 
She leaves her husband, diiughter, lour .sisters and four 

died Dec. 10, 1017, aged 45 
leaves her husband and one son. Services by Bro, J. 6. Garst. 
Text, Gen. 23: 2.— Daele Baldwin, Corner May and Philadelphia 
Streets, Dayton, Ohio. 

Fcllnmn, Sister Mary Matilda, diiughter of the late Jacob D. 
and Eliza Roseuberger, of Ducks County, Pa., born Feb. fl, 1847, 
died Dec. 1, 1017, aged 70 years, 9 months and 25 days. Death 
place at the home of her daughter, after a lingering illness 

albs - 

lephrltis. Shu 

husband was Jacob B. Snyder, of Hatfield Township, Montgom- 
ery County. To them was born one son, who survives. Her 
second husband was Jacob F. Fellmnn. of Hilltown Township. 
She leaves one daughter, two brothers, four sisters, seven grand- 
children and one great-grandchild. She was a faithful member 
of the Brethren church. She was a patient sufferer and was al- 
ways contented with her lot. Services by Brethren F. P. Cnssel 
and Wm. B. Fret*. Text, Rev. 14: 12, 13. Interment in the ceme- 
tery adjoining the Hatfield Brethren church.— J. Herman Rosen- 

. 0, 1017, nt his home near Arcadia, Nebr., aged 55 i 

t and 20 days. In 1884 he united with the Church of the 

He was then elected to the deacon's office, in which 

. 20, 1917, Mr. Wm. 

> months and 8 days. He 

>ns nnd donations, 570.03; from sale of pray- 
and dust-caps, $4.60; total received, $8-1.23. 
; society, $32.74; rug for church, (3; 

Lulmiis ■■pert, $11 ; Quinter Meimirin] Fanil, $25; fan 
"otal expended, $70.54, 
The following offlct 

Hartford City, S-I.SO; total expended. ?7!».f.4, leaving a bal- 

Sister Pallle 1 

Bertha Albaugh, Secretary, Flo- 

EA8X BERLIN, PA.— The following is the report of our Sis- 
ters' Aid Society from May 24, 101G, to Dec. 20, 1017: Our meet- 
ings are held nt the home of Sister Sarah Sunday. We have 
eleven active members nnd one pay-member. We had forty-six 
half-day sessions, with an average attendance of eight. Visitors 
present, fourteen. We made twenty bonnets, eighteen dust-caps, 
thirty-nine aprons, four nightdresses, three comforts, seven 
quilts and one waist. We donated one basket of provisions to 

■ cooks at our love feast, held at the Mum 

r elder. May 24 our Treasurer reported $i!S.40 on hniuf We 
r.uved J45.77 for our work; our fees amounted to $0.20. Our 
penditures were $50.49. Balance in the treasury, $20.97. Be- 
,es the above balance, we hove on hand live aprons, one bon- 
t. one dust-cap and a lot of materia] The following officers 
re elected for the coming year: President, Sister Ida Brown; 
:e-President. Sist-r Com Wiley; Secretary, the writer; Asslst- 
t Secretary, Sister Alice Bosserman; Treasurer. Sister Sarah 
nday.— (Mrs.) Ellen Kanffmnn, East Berlin, Pa„ Dec. 30. 
GEL RIVER, IND.— The following is a report of our Aid Soele- 
for the year 101, . We held twelve regular meetings and one 

Garvey-HeLny.— By the undersigned, at his home, Empire, Cal„ 
Dec. 25, 1017, Paul Wampler Gnrvey, of Empire, Cal., and Elva 
I. Heiny, of Noblesvllle, Ind. — A. M. White, Empire, Ca!. 

Gordon-Studebuker. — By the undersigned, nt the home of the 
bride's parents, Brother and Sister J. O. Stndebaker, of West- 
phalia. Kans., Dec. 0, 1017, Mr. Perry Leroy Gordon and Miss 
Mary Isopiilae Stndebaker, both of near Westphalia, Kans.— J. A. 
Strohm, iredlleld, Kans. 

Grady-Miller.— By the undersigned, at the South Waterloo 
church, Iowa, on Sunday evening, Dec. 16, 1917, Charles Grady, 
of Waterloo, Iowa, and Mary Miller, of Somerset, Pa. — A. B. 
Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Huffmun-SelL— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister T. B. Sell, at noon on Thanksgiving 
Day, 1917, Bro. Sidney Huffman nnd Sister Ada Sell, both of Wa- 
terloo, Iowa.— A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

J arboe- Russet— By the undersigned, at the Brethren's parson- 
age in Ottumwa, Iowa, Dec. 12, 1917, Bro. Earl E. Jarboe, of Le- 
moore, Cal., and Beatrice Jtussel, of Ottumwa, Iowa.— Jno. H. 
Price, Libertyville, Iowa. 

-By the undersigned, at the home of Sister Stlce, 

twenty-eight dozen 

ttons, fifteen spools of thread, five bolts of 

>ers oi needles, one paper of pins, two boxes of 

of patches, one pair of scissors, two rolls of quilt 

one scarf, fifteen handkerchiefs, one bolt of tape. 

garments, knotting 

ecing. We donate 

ivbb destroyed bi 

in treasury from last year. $17.71; free-\ 

i.-ltatlon-, $45.75; sold garments, $4.14. We 

Sister Mary Ulrey for one quilt and six 

and family, $26.' 

Fund, $5; Conference Offering, $5; 

Aid Society Si-cretnr; 

. $27 .OS. We sent the followim.- 

■ 1018: Sister Mary Ulrey, Pres- 

?- President: Sister Sarah Trldle. 

■t/fi-r, Assistant Superintendent; 

; Sister Grace Metzgcr. Asslst- 


during the > 

North Manchei 
Jd Society of this . 


■ $0: 


ed mostly of quilting 

$29.01: balan 

-The Slaters* Aid Society I 

; bride's sister, 

M. Judy, of Klrby, W. Va., and Sister Hannah Susan Sites, of 
Delphi, Ind.— Otho Winger, North Manchester, Ind. 

riauglie-r-McDorman. — At the home of the undersigned, Dec. 
22, 1917, Mr. Morgan Gilbert Plaugher and Sister Hattie A. Mc- 
Dorman, both of Allen County, Ohio.— David Byerly, Lima, Ohio. 

Redlnccr-RuTey.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, near Olathe. Kans., Dee. 25, 1917. Bro. Perry H. Rod- 
inger and Sister Elsie M. Rlffey, both of Olathe, Kans.— H. T. 
Brubaker, Olathe, Kans. 

Uoyer-Credlebaugh.— By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents. Lee. 24. 1917_ Bro. Galen B. Royer, of Hunting- 
ton. Ind., and Sister Nellie I. Credlebaugh. of New Carlisle. Ohio. 


the dead which die In 

• Freeport, 111,, March 22, 

near Oakley, 111., wh 
Beery, l-'eb. 1(1, 1S-S2. 
age of twenty she i 

faithful member. She 

mostly of quilt- Kev. 

We have quilted for parties at Indianapolis, " Ind.," and 
Rapids, Mich. We also do charity work when we hnve an 
tunlty. We sent $5 to Mary Quinter Memorial Fund; paid 
on a brother's church expenses; sent goods amounting to 
Rapids. We received from dues. $7.04; by do- 

Services by Elders C. A. Huber and Hiram Forney. Interment i 
West Side cemetery. — Mrs. Osle Brumbaugh, Goshen, Ind. 

Hay, Gabriel, born March 21, 1835, near Dayton, Ohio, died nt 
the home of .his daughter, Mrs. W. N. Robinson. Bower Mills, Mo., 
aged 82 years, 7 months nnd 27 days. July 4, 1867, he married 
Virginia Martin. To them were born three sons and two daugh- 
ters, one son dying in Infancy. He leaves his wife, four children, 
eight grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. He was a 
member of the Church of the Brethren for nbout twenty-six 
years. Services by the writer In the Greys Point Christian 
church. Text, 1 Cor. 15: 55-57. Interment In the Greys Point ceme- 
tery.— Geo. Bnrnhart, 010 S. Case Street, Carthage, Mo. 

Hoke, Sister Minnie, eldest daughter of Eld. Levi and Nancy 
Hoke, born in Elkhart County, Ind.. Jan. 14, 1876, died In Goshen, 
Ind., Dec. 14, 1017, nged 41 years and 11 mouths. She united with 

tvo sisters. Her parents 

ra. nee Towsley (a niece of Dr. Kurtz, of McPher- 
iled nt her home in Crystal, Mich., Dec. 23, 1917,' 
and 22 days. She was married to Joe Lavery Nov. 
hem were born one son nnd two daughters. She 
band, three children, mother, two sisters and two 
er Laura united with the Church of the Brethren 

Lehman, John 

4, 1853, near Bradford, Ohio, died Dec. 10, 1017, aged 01 years, 11 
months and 8 days. In 1882 he was married to Frances Byrd. 
They moved to Woodland, Mich., that same year. He leaves his 
wife, three sons and one daughter. He united with the Church of 
the Brethren In 1882. He was afflicted with a peculiar throat 
trouble for many years, which resulted in bis death. Services by 
Eld. G. F. Culler, assisted hv Eld. I. F. Rnlrlgh — Anna Christian, 
Woodland, Mich. 

Mullott, Bro. Thomas Jefferson, born In Wood County, Ohio, 
Aug. 1, 1857, son of David and Mary Mallott, died In the bounds 

united with the Church 

nrrled to G. W. Foutz, May 13, 

family, came to Mahaska County, Iowa, 
ted on a farm near Deep River, Powesi 
nd his wife moved back to Mahaska County, and took 

Deep River, Poweshiek County. In 

aarringcH, ofnclatcd at 

1004, who preceded her one year and four 
ry was a member of the Old Brethren church. 
is of short duration, death coming suddenly. 

: Pleasant View church. Text, 2 Jr., Brooklyn, Iowa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 

' In the Baptist Limn 

Li. Harvey Mtir|>liy. 

in girlhood, Inter 
was a faithful ins 
church, Peebles, C 
— Vim B. Wright. 
Nihart, Mary, m 

, Ohit 

Gauger, bora March 2d 
1(1, 1017, at the home o: 
hart, at the age of 87 years, 8 months and 
Indiana with lift' jinmits wlu-n four year; 

children, three of whom, with her husband, have preceded her. 

t leaves I 

Miller Fike, b> 

130, in Darke Coun- 

daya. She came to 
t age. In 1850 she 
. h< 
1 tie teen grandclilldrc 
nited with the Church ■ 
undersigned. Interment J 
v.— J. L. Mishler, Middlebury, Ind. 
Fike, eldest daughter of Samuel J. and 
MeyerBdale, Pa., Aug. 20, 1840, 

brother, live half-brother: 
Sister Nihnrt united with the ( 
iventy-three years ago, in which faith 

, Oregon, l><><*. 2, 1017, aged 71 ; 

her husband, wns 
in that genial ell 

tit.- i 

While visiting with i 
i stricken with apoplexy and survived only u few 
days after she was stricken. Funeral services at their home in 
Waterloo, Iowa, by the writer. Burial In Klin wood cemetery.— 
A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Ross, Bto. William T.. died at Western port, Md., Dec. 22, 1017, 
aged 70 years and months. He united with the church about 
thirty years ago. Services by the writer.— J. T. Green, Lona- 
coning, Md. 

;ph and Sister 
5, died In Bre 
saves his fathei 

1017, i 
. She i 

Dec. 5. 1840. 

; the - 

the Church 
In life and lived faithful. She was the 
i, three of whom preceded her. She leaves 
ntudi'hildmi and one brother. Services at 
. Charles Oberlln, of Hartford City, Ind.— 
. 4, Bluffton, Ind. 
s, born April 27, 1000, died Dec. 12, 1017, 

f tin- yu 

l Smith, of Col- 

h Bend. Interment in tin* Nei 
B. Brown, La Porte, Ind. " 
*r Annn, widow of Elder Slmo 
died within the bounds of tht 
1017, aged H'-i years, month: 

Meyers dale. 

: Con: 

Pa., March 15, 1840, died in Waterloo. Iowa, Nov. 20, 1917, aged 
years, 8 months and 14 days. April 1, 1862, he enlisted as a 

J, Second Battalion, Fifteenth Kegimeut U. 
honorably discharged at the expiration of 

, 1807, he was united in marriage with Har- 

S. Infantry, and 
his enlistment. C 
riet Fugle and e< 

until four years t 

and thoroughly I 

" sank into sleep 

ters. Services at 
slated by Eld. 
cemetery.— A. I 


■sted in all of the a< 
iiiddenly, — without a: 
knows no waking."' 

; and located i 
>e the home of the family 
1 into the City of Waterloo. 

ivo d aught i 
t the South Wate 

W. H. Lichty. Interment in Ornn 
Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

of the < 

survived by ; 

s and two sis 

by the writer, as 

iionlliK and 4 days. She leave. 
Ts p two grandfathers and one grami 
uid aunts. Services at the home net 
■r. Text, 2 Sam. 12: 23, latter clan; 
Wagoner, Bro. Eli, born August 20 

i Jan. 20, 1017, died Dec. 24, 1017, 

her and mother, two broth- 
lother, besides ninny uncles 
Bagley, Iowa, by the writ- 
.— E. D. Fiscel, Yale, Iowa. 
1834, at Pyrmoiit, Ind., died 
. 14, 1917. Early in life he 


survives. Services by Eld. Jeremiah Bnrnhart. Ii 
inunt cemetery.— Cussle Walker, Pyrmont, Ind. 

Walker, Bro. Myrle J„ born April 8, 1885, died 
valley congregating Pa., Nov. 20, 1017, aged 32 
'ind 12 days. Ho wns a son of Elder D. H. : 
Walker. He was married lo Sister Ada Weglev, 
«t J. W. and Sister Sarah Wegley, Nov. 10, 1000 

him, Bro. Walker e ,1 j'or the anointing b 

which was caused by diphtheria. Services on 
A. J. Beeghly, assisted i, v Eld. Silas Hoover. 1 
Pike cemetery.— J. C. Itelmnn, Berlin. Pa. 

terment in Pyr- 

brothers and : 

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, '-. ■ Ti'l.. ■ »:.... Illi ■Til 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1918 


weekly published liv llnllinii l'<ll. listing Horn 
■ "reel, Kljjin. 111. Suhseriptio 
(Canada subscription, fifty 

State Street, tilgln. ill. Subscription prict. |1.0 

Brandt, Elgin. 111. 


T 3on, P_.. _ 

C. Enrly. IViui Lnlrd^ Va.; A. C. 

Kans.; H. A. 

Entered at the Postofllce i 


Si'iniJ-uliiss Matter 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 20) 
Us purity. Two were baptized. At this present writing 13ro. 
S. U. Lehigh, of York Springs, Pa., id conducting a Beries of 
meetings at the Pleasant View bouse. Dec. 30 we beld an elec- 
tion for Christian Workers' officers ut tlio Mechanics burg house. 
Sister Siiruli llohk-r was eleeiud p resident. — J. W. Ualley, 4110 W. 
Alain Street, Mechuuicsburg, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Midway. — Uur Sunday-. 
Dec. 22 in the Midway i 
roll department with Sister . 

uud Missionary Meeting was held 

Sister Sallle Keller, superlu- 
Suuday-seliool meeting. Our 
ubacher, organized a teacher- training class 

met iu eouueil. Bro. Jos. Kettering was elected president oi 
Chritihiu Workers. -Sunday -school officers were ul^u elated 
tbe coining year. Ou Sunday, Dec. 30, an ottering ut ^".l.irtJ >■ 
lifted in our Suuday-scbuol for the Armenian and Syrian sufl 

Su|n;riiiti;udeut, J. S. Dctwilcr; borne deparluie 


■ church Dec, 20 i 

i roil superintendent, Ber- 

! lifted a liberal offering. fur mission 
ew Enterprise, Pa., Dec. 31. 
report, three sistera (a mother and 
the support of a native worker in 

Sunday-school superintendent for another year, 
'• Messenger " agent und correspondent. Three 

lectcd to the deacons office,— Julius Wareham, E. B 

d George Feathers. They, with 

iiorulug service. Dec. 2u 

Our Christian 

military service. 

• of baskets were given 
sent to brethren now In tbe 
, Dupler, of Bridgewater 

received by letter; 
inted. — Richard A. Dassdorf, United States 
. Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa., Dec. 28. 
QuemanoiilrjE church met iu council Dec. 8, at the Maple Spring 
house, with Eld. P. J. Blough presiding. Three letters were re- 
ceived. A commit lee oi' three bi'eilirru was iippoinied to look into 
the need of getting a pustor. Maple Spring Sunday -schgol was 
reorganized with Brethren Win. D. Rumroel and Ualen Blough 
as superintendents, uur Bible Institute began Dec. 11 and closed 

loo, low 

ug Sunday evening. Bro. J. 


in,, i 

und Bible 

ie, he visited old 
Sunday, Dec. 30, preaching three 
He also talked to the newly-elected officers 
and teachers of the Sunday-school, making tbem feel the respon- 
sibility resting upon them. On the evening of Dec. 24 the Sun- 

large. This being 
splendid i 

i decided to hold a 

! Institute sometime during t 

g. Delegates lu District Meeting are Bro. I. W. Taylor 
Bter Ida Stoner. Bro. A. M. Murtin was appointed church 
One applicant was received and awaits baptism. Our 

.--school held a Children's Meetiug today. The 

Mnuln-iuL, Bro. Brubul 

. ao. 


of good things this 
falL In October we held our love feast at the Latimore house, 
Bro. Rufus Bucher olllciating. Ministering brethren from adjoin- 
ing congregations were with us, also Bro. Kilhefner, of Lancaster 
County, and Bro. S. C. Miller, of Chicago. A few weeks later Bro. 
C. H. Steerman, of Honey Grove, Fa., held a two weeks' Beries of 
meetings at the Hampton house. One woe received by baptism. 
Bro. Steerman also inlilrt. •->< ■! the- Sundiiy-school at East Berlin 
one Sunday afternoon. Wednesday evening, Nov. 28, Brethren 
J. G. Meyer and R. W. Schlosser, of Elizabethtowu, Pa., came to 
■ Institute In the East Berlin house, giving 

■ until Sunday evening, Dec. 2. Bro. Meyer 
; "Sermon on the Mount," and Bro. Sculos- 
"The Setting and Object of 1 John." Thanksgiving morn- 
preached for US. An offering of J50.07 was 
1 Syrian Relief. There was also an otTer- 

v.-d by letter mid four letters were grunted. Bro. Baker, as 
mber of the StmulUic Oimnittee, expects to attend the Spe- 
1 "M.;i ■ ii' ' A I. -ii I'm. W. (J. (J roil [i was eldted dele-.iLr, 
Bro, S. S. Miller, alt 

ufferers. — Andrew Bowser, 

» $42.07, for t 
East Berlin, Pa., Dec. . 

West Greentree.— We opened a series of meetings at this plno 
on Dec. 8 which closed on Dec. 25. Bro. Geo. Weaver, of Man 
helm, Pa., was with us. He taught iu a simple way the truth: 
of God's Word. One confessed Christ. Bro. Thomas Patrick, o 

1. R. McDannel. Elizabetbtown, Pa., Dec. 28. 


Knob Creek.— Bro. Charles M. Yearout, of Moscow. Idaho, came 
nto our midst Dec. 8 and conducted n series of meetings, which 
helpful to us, not only to the members but to 

ed. The meetings were well attended.— Mary Bowman, R. D. 
jhnson City, Tenn., Dec. 31. 

irufiiAo (Texas). — Dec. 22 we closed a sixteen days' series of 
lues held by Bro. D. G. Brubaker, of Wawaka, Tex. He gava 
;ood. plain Gospel sermons. Four were received by baptls 

< the i 

r work for the Master. — 


iff, — At this point, which Is a preaching place in the 
ongregatlon, we had services on Christmas Day. Eld. 

t Virginia. — We, the Superintendent 

\n olH-riiig of $30.50 V 

We can not tell the Joy that was brought to all. It made them 
feel good to know some one still thought of them. It makes us 
all rejoice to see others rejoice; it brings a new spirit In the lives 

they should, for 

■ singing, or reading good stories to 
. We hope to make 1018 the happiest and 
They all seem to want to keep peace and 
ly trouble. If we are to make this year a 

In your giving to the poor, is our prayer. We 
did, " I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I ti 
a father to the poor: and the cause which I kn 
out" (Job 20: 15, 16). Tou i 

linn-.— Frank Martin, Superin 

angelistic i 

nstantly engaged day and night. I ha' 
traveled about 1,700 miles, preached in three different States, held 
six series of meetings, preached ninety-five sermons, visited 215 
homes (in many of which we had religious services), conducted 
four love feasts and had the pleasure of seeing quite a number 
> their hearts to Christ. I had many pleasant and unpleas- 

feel i 

which I hope i 

: God 1 


for another 

of meetings Dec. 2, which continued until Dec. 10. He preached 
eighteen sermons to attentive congregations. Bro. Britton is an 
earnest worker. He visited thirty homes and accomplished much 
good. — R, C. Broyles, R. D. 4, Luray, Va., Jan. 1. 

Little Blver (a Mission of Elk Run). — We were glad to have 
Sister Mattie Long, of Bridgewater, Va., with us through the 

ing the congregation assembled by the water-side, where two were 
baptized. Regardless of the bad weather there was a large crowd 
to witness the holy rite. — Mary A. Winter, Floyd, Va., Dec. 29. 

Topeco.— The church met In council Dec. 29 for the purpose of 
organizing Laurel Branch into a separate congregation. Brethren 
S. P. Reed and Jesse Boothe were the committee appointed by 
District Meeting for the purpose of assisting in the work. Breth- 
ren A. Harmon and G. W. Hylton were chosen elders; Sister 
Rosa Weeks, clerk; Bro. G. W. Hylton, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent nud "Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent. The 
church decided to hold council every two months, beginning Sat- 
urday, Jan. 19. They also decided to send Eld. G. W. Hylton 
as delegate to the called Conference. — Fannie M. Jones, R. D. 8, 
Floyd, Va., Jan. 2. 


Majestic Valley. — Sunday, Dec. 23, we reorganized our Sunday- 
school for the next six months with Bro. J. C. Buntain, superin- 
tendent. Services will continue as usual, — Sunday-school each 
Sunday at 10, preaching at 11 A. M. — Addle Buntain, Wenatchee, 
Wash., Dec. 31. 

Mt. Hope church, met In council Dec. 29, with Bro. John O. 
Streeter, presiding. The treasurer reported that $10 had been 
sent to help with the expenses of brethren visiting Camp Lewis. 
We decided to have Bro. Metcalf and the writer choose eight or 
ten families of non-members and have the "Messenger" sent to 
them during 1918. After taking < 
we were able to send it to sixteen 
of the Wenatchee congregation, w 
foreman; tbe writer, clerk anc 
Streeter, "Messenger" agent; 
day-school. Our Sunday-school I 
penses, we gave $69.53 to different worthy causes. Our average 
attendance for the year was thirty-five. Five letters have been 
granted since our last report. We are still endeavoring to pro- 
cure a minister to conduct a series of meetings for us before 
spring. We have had an exceptionally mild winter thus far. — 
Pearl Hlxson, Box 142, Chewelah, Wash., Dec. 31. 

Olympia church met in council Dec. 20. Bro. D. B. Eby was re- 
elected elder iu charge; the writer, church correspondent; Bro. 
Silas Shumate, Sunday -school superintendent; Bro. Will Wago- 
mun, Christian Workers' president. Since our council four let- 
ters have been received. Bro. B. J. Fike, of Nezperce, Idaho, will 
conduct n series of meetings at this place, beginning Feb'. 3 — 
Bettle Shumate, R. D. 2, Olympia, Wash., Dec. 30. 

Hovner.— Dec. 30 at 10 A. M. we met at this church for Sunday- 

As previously arranged, a collection amounting to $21 was 

"Messenger" correspondent; Alice 
superintendent of Sun- 


W. Va., Dec. 30. 

■stricken lands- 



:eslding. Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers 
elected for the coming year. Bro. Leon Robinson and Sister 
Mitchel were elected superintendents; Sister Gertie Rlet, presi- 
dent of Christian Workers; the writer, correspondent and "Mes- 
senger" agent. We had an all-day meeting on Thanksgiving 
Day, raising $10.25 for the Y. M. C. A. On Christmas the children 
■ people gave a program.— Mrs. George Shade, Stanley, 

Wis., Dec. 31. 


. Myers 

presiding. Om 
ns delegate to 

was elected Sunday-school superintendent and clerk ; Brethren 
I. D. Cripe and J. B. Felix, trustees; the writer. "Messenger" 
correspondent and agent; Sister Jennie Henderson, Christian 
Workers' president. Our elder, Bro. S. C. Miller, was chosen as 
our evangelist in June, 1918— Sister Ella Stong, R. D. 2, Stan- 
ley, Wis., Dec. 28. 

Agents Wanted for the 
Scripture Text 


Unsurpassed in Appropriateness 

for a Holiday, Birthday 

or Friendly Gift 

The New Calendar 

In both the printing and the paper used the 1918 
icripture Text Calendar has made a notable ad- 
ance. The Calendar has been reproduced by the 
nost modern process of color type and gravure 
printing. The frontispiece is a splendid reproduc- 
ion in colors of Hoffman's " Boy Christ," while the 
nside pages are reproduced with a black-green duo- 
one effect that is very satisfactory. The use of a 
oft dull finish paper of high grade and good weight 

added i 

i the 

i of the Calendar, 

A Book of Sacred Thought 

and less a mere calendar, The careful selection of 
the texts and arrangement of the pictures is espe- 
cially conducive to daily inspiration and help. The 
pictures are not reproductions of a random collec- 
tion of masterpieces but are reproduced from 
original paintings by R. Leinweber, specially painted 


.■11 Li. 

st for this 


A Help in the Home 

The Scripture Tex 

dorscd by the Family Altar League. Then, too, 
each International Sunday-school Lesson title, Gold- 
en Text, and Lesson Reference for the year is given. 

An Ideal Gift 

From what has been already said of the beauty 
and usefulness of this Calendar it is evident that it 
would be very appropriate as a holiday, birthday, 
or friendly gift. It is as useful as beautiful. 

May Be Ordered Direct 

Agents Wanted 

I incomes selling the Scrip- 
Ine Baptist Sunday-school 
teacher sold 28,000, several 
; 5,000 copies. Others sold 
-- nly the few 

Agents can make gc 
ture Text Calendar, 
teacher sold 45,000, or 
last year sold as high 
large quantities in th 
weeks preceding Christmas*. But they 
sell far into the New Year. Write for agents' quan- 
tity prices, and plan to start early. 

In spite of the greatly increased cost of paper 
and printing the prices of the 1918 Calendar re- 
main as before. 

No Advance in Prices 

NOTE.— We can also furnish the Calendar in the 
Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Bohemian and German 
languages, but unless otherwise specified the En- 
glish Edition will always be sent. 

Prices — One to One Hundred 

Slnelu Copies 80.25 28 Copies £ 4.25 

5 Copies J.OO 00 Copies 8.26 

12 Copies 2.25 100 Copies 15.00 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 67 

Elgin, 111., January 19, 1918 

No. 3 

In This Number 

rdlns to Your Paltll, 

„„K 11,0 Think,,- (J 

Tnii' Clnirrli. By Ezra Flury, 

to dictate. Just as the doctrine of God's omnipotence 
is that God can do whatever is an object of power, 
not whatever absurd thing one could imagine, so the 
true doctrine of the possibilities of faith is that it can 
do whatever is a proper object of faith, whatever is 
consistent with the wisest and best system of moral 

God stands ready to bestow upon us all the bless- 
ings that our faith can take, and to use us in service 
for him to the full extent that our faith can go. 

Itellglon by the World \ 

Rosen berger j 

unit Its Counterpart. By L. D. Boaserman 

By Felicia Nightingale, 

Leantler Smith, 

By Eliza Pope Van 

Principle. By David M. 
ik. By Lee W. Pollard, . 
cldent. By Julia Graydoi 

> Sword. By Floyd M. Irvin, ..38 
Bulsar, India, l.k'votioiuti Meetings. By Goldle Swartz, 30 
Passing of Sistpr Rosa Knylor. By Anna M. Eby 30 

; About Folks. By President Charlf,- 


Vicarious Living Precedes Vicarious Dying 

The death of Jesus on the cross was vicarious, but 
so was his life. Matthew says that Jesus " healed all 
that were sick, that it might be fulfilled which was 
spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying: 'Himself 
took our infirmities and bare our diseases.' " Thus it 
was not alone on Calvary that the great fifty-third 
chapter of vicarious suffering was fulfilled by Jesus, 
but throughout his entire ministry. At the very be- 
ginning of his work he took upon himself the load of 
human suffering and sin, and gave himself unstintedly 
to bearing it away. 

The cross was the full fruition, the supreme test, 
the climax, of his self-sacrificing life. As such it be- 
came the convenient and fitting symbol of his whole 
service to the world. But it detracts not one whit 
from its glory to remember, as Matthew reminds us, 
that the spirit which led him to Calvary is the spirit 
which dominated his whole ministry. Had it been 
otherwise, there could have been no Calvary. For the 
cross was the inevitable end of the r-oad which he was 

And that road is the road over which we must travel 
too. That is, if we would be his disciples. Vicarious 
.ministration is the universal law of service. And there 
can be no true vicarious ministry without its suffering, 
without its cross. Bearing the infirmities of others, 
whether these are physical or spiritual, is of the very 
essence of Christian discipleship. Both living and 
dying vicariously, — the former as the condition of the 
latter, — is the heart of the Christian- religion, for it 
was the heart of the religion of its Founder. 

According to Your Faith 

" According to your faith be it done unto you," 
contains one of the great truths of the Gospel, notwith- 
standing the fact that it has been so much abused and 
misapplied. What Jesus could do for the two blind 
men to whom the words were spoken, and for men 
in general, was determined by their faith, and some- 
times, as at Nazareth, he could do nothing on account 
of their lack of faith. 

The same principle today determines the extent of 
Christian achievement and the blessings which Chris- 
tians may receive. This is not to say that faith could 
accomplish anything the mind might conceive, or could 
secure the favor of God on any terms it might choose 

Sifting Out the Chaff 

Is there some real substance to our religion, some 
wheat, or is it only chaff? 

This is a good question for one to ask himself at 
any time, but the times in which we are now living 
give it special force. So many incredible things have 
happened in recent months that one is compelled to 
wonder just how much rock bottom there is to this 
fine superstructure of ecclesiasticism we have been 
building so industriously. These doctrines we have 
sought to guard so zealously, — are we so blinded by 
the words that we can not see the soul in them? Do 
we really care to be, or are we satisfied to seem? 

The time is ripe for new and thorough searchings 
of heart and of the Word. The occasion for concern 
is that in our well-meant anxiety to maintain Gospel 
principles, there is such wide-spread failure to realize 
what the principles are which we are trying to con- 
serve. It almost looks as if our anxiety is not about 
the principles after all. We seem to want to hit upon 
a course of conduct that conforms to the letter of the 
statute, so we can lull our lazy minds to rest without 
bothering about the principle. 

This tendency is manifest in various ways, but is 
receiving fresh illustration in connection with the is- 
sues thrust upon us by the war. Terrible as the ex- 
perience is, it will prove a great blessing to us, if it 

drives us back from the superficial to the study of 
realities. Yes, it would really be worth all the anguish 
of spirit it has cost us, if it would teach us to look for 
the heart of our distinctive doctrines, and to keep look- 
ing till we find it. Not that the heart of a doctrine is 
such a hard thing to find. It is very easy, if we search 
with our own hearts, as well as our eyes and ears. 

When Jesus told Peter that Satan had asked for him 
to sift him, Peter was very sure that he was all wheat. 
Yet that very same day brought him a painful disil- 
lusionment. But what a superb quality of wheat there 
was in Peter, after the chaff was sifted out. Will it 
be so with you and me and the church at large, when 
this present sifting process shall have been completed? 
God grant that it may. 

We Must Give More 

Few of us, if any, can remember a time when the 
calls upon our pocketbooks were so numerous and per- 
sistent as they are now. With war-relief appeals con- 
fronting us at every turn, in addition to the usual 
charities, what are we to do? Turn them down? We 
dare not think of it. Retrench on church activities? 
Never. Missions, education, evangelization and the 
church work generally must have, not less, but more. 
How shall we meet all these demands? 

There is but one way. We must learn new lessons 
in the art of giving. We must make heavier inroads 
on the pile we have been keeping for ourselves. We 
must give until it actually compels us to revise our 
business plans. We must make our giving a part ot 
our business plans. We must take account of it as 
surely and as seriously as we do of our interest, insur- 
ance, debts and taxes. We must regard it as one of 
the first things to be provided for, not the last. We 
must give until it means real sacrifice. That is the 
only answer. 

Echoes from the Goshen Conference 

Exactly at the appointed time, ten A. M., Wednes- 
day, Jan. 9, the Conference was called to order by the 
Moderator, Eld. H. C. Early. At his skle were his as- 
sistants, Eld. Otho Winger, Reading Clerk, and Eld. J. 
J. Yoder, Writing Clerk. The church was just com- 
fortably filled with an audience of somewhat less than 
four hundred people. Of this number about one hun- 
dred constituted the voting body of the Conference. 
This was made up of forty members of the Standing 
Committee, about an equal number of Camp visitors, 
the Peace Committee, and a few local church delegates. 
Upon the whole, the representation was good. And 
the accommodations afforded by the Goshen City 
church, conveniently located in a city of ten thousand 
people, were ample and altogether satisfactory. 

Opening devotions were led in an impressive man- 
ner by Eld. S. F. Sanger, of California. In a brief ex- 
hortation Bro. Sanger directed attention to the four 
interests to be kept in view by the Conference, namely, 
those of (1) the church as a whole, (2) our drafted 
brethren, (3) the Government under which we live, and 
(4) suffering humanity. 

Following this the Moderator, in a short-and appro- 
priate introductory address, stated the purpose of the 
Conference. He spoke of the gravity of the situation, 
both in the world at large and as it relates Xo our own 
people. He reminded us that the righteousness of the 
cause involved in the world struggle was not our ques- 
tion; also that the well-known position of the church 
against everything that contributes to death and de- 
struction, and for all that promotes life and human 

welfare, was not in question; but that our object was 
to work out the application of this principle to present 
conditions. He emphasized the opportunity before 
the church and urged us to keep close to our purpose. 
Representatives of the press who were present were 
welcomed, and invited to Confer with the Conference 
officers. And we may properly state here that the at- 
titude of the press, — at least as it was reflected in the 
Goshen papers, — was very fair and considerate, a fact 
which was. greatly appreciated. The courtesy of the 
meeting was also extended to members of other non- 
militant churches, a few such being present. After 
the customary reading of Acts 15 and the Conference 
rules, the assembly was ready to proceed with the busi- 
ness in hand. 

It should be noted at this point that preliminary 
meetings had been held, in accordance with the official 
call, beginning on Monday afternoon. The purpose of 
these meetings was to formulate a program of proced- 
ure for the Conference proper. Reports of the vari- 
ous Camp visiting committees were heard, the condi- 
tions and problems in detail thus ascertained, and sug- 
gestions offered as to the proper measures to be adopt- 
ed. The outcome of the Monday afternoon session was 
the appointment of a committee of seven brethren to 
prepare a paper for presentation to the Conference. 

This committee labored hard all day Tuesday on the 
work assigned. There was a difference of opinion, of 
course, on many points, numerous proposals were of- 
fered for the committee's consideration, and its task 

(Continued on Page 36) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 191fi 

Training the Thinker 

There happens to be the small point of a wedge- 
shaped piece of land, between the back parts of the 
lots occupied by your scribe, and the back of the lot 
containing the winter residence of E. P. Brown, the 
famous retired editor of the Ram's Horn. While 
working in our back lots, we are practically in speak- 
ing distance of each other. Passing along the rear of 
Dr. Brown's place, one day, we noticed him sawing 
wood, whereupon we congratulated him in the vigor- 
orous and efficient use he was making of the bucksaw. 
" \\ ell," said the famous writer, " this is about the 
only tiling that, when a boy, I learned to like to do 
about the house. It did not interfere with my think- 
ing. I could saw wood by the hour and at the same 
time keep my thinker going. And it is the same way 
today. My saw goes and my thinker goes, one not in- 
terfering with the other." 

What was said, put us to thinking. We often notice 
the old editor manipulating that bucksaw as though 
his living depended upon it. Now to us it is a case of 
real hard thinking, while the making of stove wood is 
merely incidental. But for us the thinker got to work- 
ing without the buck and saw. We thought of what 
Paul in Philpp. 4: S said, after giving a list of good 
things: " Think on these things." Yes, think on these 
good things. Get the thinker started in a good chan- 
nel, then let it go. Keep the thinker at work, but be 
sure that it is confined to things that are true, honest, 
just, pure and lovely. Do this, and the problem of a 
clean, successful and an ennobling life is solved. 

From Prov. 23 : 7 we learn that as a man think- 
eth in his heart, so is he. The thinking makes the man. 
Clean thinking means a clean man. Wise thinking 
makes the wise man. and practical thinking makes the 
practical man. What is true of the man along this 
line will be found equally true of the woman. Refined 
thinking makes (he refined woman. People who seek 
high ideals have only to gauge their thinkers to suit 
their ideals and half of the battle will be won. 

The man may saw wood and think. He may plow 
corn and think. The woman may knit and keep the 
thinker going, but even then it will not be found wise 
to give the thinker too much liberty. Like anything 
else, the thinker needs training. It must be directed, 
and to accomplish the best of results, it must be disci- 
plined, and taught to obey orders. The man who can 
not. and will not, control his thinker, is like a ship on 
the ocean without a rudder. It may go and keep on 
going, but it goes nowhere. The anchor is more likely 
to be cast in the wrong harbor than the right one. We 
have a lot of people in this world who may saw and 
think, and plow and think, year in and year out, and 
that is all there is of it. They may even limit their 
thinking to the lines that are pure, honorable and love- 
ly, and yet accomplish nothing, aside from being what 
the world calls good, and possibly very good. 

Again, we emphasize the importance of steering the 
thinking. There must be some system about directing 
the thoughts, in order to accomplish the best results. 
This is why we have schools, colleges and universities. 
This is also why we have church services and Sunday- 
schools. The minds of young people must be trained 
and started in the right direction. The older people 
need to have something helpful to think about as the 
years go by. Hence all through life we must give atten- 
tion to the thinker as well as to something proper to 
think about. 

But young people, and older ones too, can train, di- 
rect and develop their thinking ability out of schools. 
In fact it is the outside thinking that wins the final vic- 
tory- The young man who trains himself in pure 
thinking, outside of school hours, is the student who 
can go through untainted. It is the teacher, who has 
trained her mind to right thinking, that can be placed 
before her class as an exemplary instructor. The think- 
er may be curbed in the pulpit, and play the mischief 
outside. And it is this outside thinking that plays 
havoc with the life. But the man who lets his thinker 
run riot six days in the week, will find times, even 
behind the sacred desk, when his thoughts, can not be 
curbed, and it is what is going silently on, week after 
week, that is weaving his character. 

Our thoughts may be compared to the brick in a 
great building. One by one the brick take their places 

in the wall, but in spite of the workman's skill at de- 
ception, the marred brick will make a marred wall. 
In a sense life is like a great chain. A spoiled link or 
two spells disaster when the time comes for testing 
the chain. Piece by piece is man's character built up. 
Day by day the thinker is doing its work. As is the 
thinking so will the structure be. Six days of unwise 
thinking, and one day of holy thinking, means a crash 
in the supreme test that must come to every man sooner 
or later. It is right thinking, day by day, and hour by 
hour, that tells the story of the strong, upright life. 

As Paul says, " Think on these things." Think 
about the things that make for holiness, purity, 
strength and usefulness. And then, as the wise man 
would add, " As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he." 
His thoughts are making him, and if he will but direct 
and regulate his thinker, he can have made for his 
Master the kind of a man that will be pleasing to the 
Great Father. The mere ability to think is not suffi- 
cient. There must be select thinking, or the thinking 
that will fit into the ideal. 

We hear much about the ability to think, and about 
the value of a trained will. Why not have more about 
the trained thinker, — the thinker that has been as- 
signed its metes and bounds, — the thinker that can go 
on thinking, but must not suffer itself to be diverted 
by that which is untrue, impure, dishonorable or un- 
lovely? And then let us have a thinker that will think 
for a purpose, and be systematic about it. 

True, as we all know, the thinker is the most diffi- 
cult thing in human experience to govern. It keeps 
men and women awake at night by the hour. They 
would like to sleep, and ought to sleep, but the thinker 
will not let them. It starts and may reel off enough 
thoughts to make a book before it can be checked. In 
a sense, it may run wild. If there is a way of prevent- 
ing thesa pranks of the thinker, we have not yet learned 
it. But even in such instances the thoughts may be so 
trained that they can be kept in right channels. Let 
all the by-switches be closed, and this part of the men- 
tal machinery- may be kept at least within proper 
bounds. We know a man of fine literary training 
who, when his thinker attempts, to run away at night, 
puts it to work repeating all the hymns and scriptures 
that he has committed to memory. With him it is a 
trained thinker, and he directs it at will. The man 
may think, saw and think, or plow and think, but he 
must see to it that the thinking is for a purpose, and . 
let that purpose be for soul, mind and character uplift. 

J- H. M. 

My Greatest Blunder 

If you were asked : " What is the greatest blunder in 
your life?" what would your answer be? In the 
Crerar Library, Chicago, there is a record, written by 
five hundred men, who tell of the greatest blunder 
they made in their lives. A few of the most serious 
blunders contained in the list are as follows: 
" Reading worthless books." 
" Did not stick to anything." 
" Did not take care of money." 

Beating some one out of money." 
"Careless about my religious duties." 
"When I left my church and mother." 
" Not saving money when I was young." 
"The greatest blunder of my life was gambling." 
" Wasted away my time when I was at school." 
" Thinking that my boss could not do without me." 
" Would not hearken to the advice of older people." 
" My greatest blunder was when I first learned to 


King of the i 
Humbly I co 
For this nev 

A Prayer for 1918 

erse, God Most High, 
oh, hear my cry ! 

stretched out before, 
for souls as I've ne'er had before. 

I k-n 

greatest blunder of my life 
ud thereby avoiding many ; 


In the face of such testimony as this, it would be a 
wise and helpful exercise if every reader would calm- 
ly and conscientiously strive to answer the question 
for himself, as to what his greatest blunder in life 
has been. While we may not be able to blot out the 
blunder from the past of our life, we may be able to 
warn others against making the same blunder, and we 
may be able to correct, in some measure, the results 
that flow from the blunders of early life. — Christian 
Observer. _^^_^^^^ 

A good character is the best monument. Those 
whom you helped, will remember you after all else is 
forgotten. Carve you name on hearts, — not marble. 

Lord, thou hast a plan for me, 
Try me, mold me, make me more like thee, 
Though I am weak, unworthy,— just the same- 
Teach me to love thee, serve thee and to praise thy m 
Open mine eyes that I may see the world's great need. 
Use me. Lord, use me each day, I plead. 
I ask not that thou wouldst give me wealth or fame, 
But only teach me how to pray in Jesus' name. 

The Parables of the Two Builders 


There are two brief, pointed parables recorded in 
Matt. 7 : 24-27. According to the record of the evan- 
gelist, these are the first parables uttered by Jesus. 
They are the climax of the conclusion and application 
of the Sermon on the Mount in chapters 5 to 7 of 

In this sermon, Christ taught the fundamental prin- 
ciples of the Kingdom of God, both on the religious 
and the ethical phases of life. In doing this, he strong- 
ly contrasts the plain, simple, spiritual heart-religion 
of his own life and teachings with that of the current 
ideals and practices of Pharisaic legalism and hypoc- 
risy. He said to his disciples: "Except your right- 
eousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes 
and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the king- 
dom of heaven" (5: 20). 

The religion of the Pharisees was largely a man- 
made affair. Jesus, on another occasion, says: "Ye 
leave the commandment of God, and hold fast the 
tradition of men. And he said unto them, Full well 
do ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may 
keep your tradition" (Mark 7: 8, 9). 

When one carefully reads the voluminous Jewish 
Talmud, which is the best exponent of the Jewish re- 
ligion in the time of Christ and the immediate cen- 
turies preceding and following, one is readily con- 
vinced that fully ninety per cent of the Pharisaic re- 
ligion was human interpolation, rather than Mosaic 
injunction. It is in the light of this fact that the 
strong contrasts appear throughout the sermon, and 
especially in the mind pictures in the concluding sec- 
tions of the sermon, of which our two parables are 
the climax. 

The conclusion or application of the sermon begins 
at 7: 18, when Jesus introduces a series of mind pic- 
tures thrown into strong contrast: the narrow gate 
and way are to be sought rather than the wide gate 
and broad road ; the good fruit comes from grapes and 
figs rather than from thorns and thistles. A good tree 
can not bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt 
tree bring forth good fruit. Not those who merely 
cry Lord, Lord, in loud profession, but those who do 
the will of the Father, are the ones who will be recog- 
nized in the final redemption. 

Finally he says: " Every one therefore that heareth 
these words of mine, and doeth them, shall be likened 
unto a wise man, who built his house upon the rock : 
and the rain descended, and the floods came, and the 
winds blew, and beat upon that house ; and it fell not : 
for it was founded upon the rock " (7: 24, 25). 

The wisdom or prudence of diis man lies in the fact 
that when he hears the words of this sermon, he con- 
siders them the basic terms and he builds his life upon 
them. He not only hears but he does. By this obedi- 
ence he builds a spiritual house or character on the 
rock of eternal truth, and all the storms of life can 
not endanger it. 

But he says, on the other hand: "Every one that 
heareth these words of mine, and doeth them not, shall 
be likened unto a foolish man, who built his house up- _ 
on the sand: and the rain descended, and the floods 
came, and the winds blew, and smote upon that house; 
and it fell : and great was the fall thereof " (7: 26, 27). 

The folly of this man lies in the fact that, although 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 


he also hears the words of this sermon, he gives no 
heed to them. He did not do them. He cried : " Lord, 
Lord," and made a strong profession and had large 
expectations of reward. He built his house with much 
sacrifice and labor but he did it with sinister and selfish 
motives. In fact, he built his house on a man-made 
foundation that could not stand in the storms and 
stress of life. 

The man-laid schemes of religion, — and there are 
many such tangents today, such as Christian Science, 
New Thought, ethical culture, Mormonism, etc., — may 
satisfy fairly well, as long as all goes well and the sun 
shines ; but when the trials and sorrows of life come, — 
and come they certainly will, — then nothing brings true 
solace to the soul but the strong stay of eternal truth 
as it is in Christ Jesus our Lord. 

Maywood, III. 

Marks of a True Church 


The church at Corinth was not an ideal one. There 
were strife and moral lapses. The forbearance of the 
Apostle Paul with these conditions is touching. He 
had received letters from some of the Christians at 
Corinth, which revealed a most unfortunate state of 
affairs there. In seeking to write about this situation, 
Paul emphasizes his relation to the church. He does 
not want to be officious. He is an apostle of Christ 
by the will of God. He is not an arrogant man, for he 
shares' his spiritual authority with Sosthenes. He is 
not seeking distinction, but is longing, with the bold- 
ness of divine authority, and the lowliness of Christian 
comradeship, to serve the church of Christ. 

In the second verse of the first chapter of the first 
letter to this church Paul gives some marks of a true 
church : 

1. " Sanctified in Christ Jesus," — those who are sur- 
rendered to Christ, forgiven, and possessed with the 
Spirit. We term this consecration, and so it is. 

2. " Called to be saints." This means progression 
in holiness. 

3. " With all that call upon the name of our Lord 
Jesuj Christ in every place." Universality of the 
church in Christian sympathies is the thought here, — 
not only that the church is spread into all parts exter- 
nally, but that Christians are united in inner, organic 

4. " Their Lord and ours." This is the bond of 
unity between Christians. 

Could as much be said for a church torn by dissen- 
sions and factions? Think of the foundation the 
apostle is laying for his appeals that he will make later 
in the letter. Is not this the method to pursue in 
dealing with the church? We must have at hand the 
plans of the Divine Architect before we dare proceed. 

Let us pray to be true members of his holy church, 
and true workers, also. May we be fearless and lowly, 
loving and strong. 

Chicago, III. 

Changes Wrought On Religion By the 
World War 


This world has always been subject to changes, but 
never so great and rapid as since the beginning of this 
war. The effect upon society and religion has been 
marked, and at times painful. Some one has said: 
" Society began in a jungle." I suggest that from that 
jungle she has, at times, emerged into the sunshine. 
Later on she would again recede into the shade and 
jungle of confusion and lawlessness. 

Just now much of this world has gone back into a 
state that is well nigh barbarous,— a condition in 
which it is lost to much that is best and noblest. These 
things are painful to read, shuddering to witness, and 
shocking to endure. 

It should be noted that many of this world's histor- 
ical events move in cycles, — " As it was in the days of 
Noe so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man." 
Bible history is remarkable for repeating itself. 

There never were so many minds inquiring which 
way to go, — never so many minds seeking the right 
thing to do, as now. There never was a time in which 
there were so many sleepless nights spent, mingled 

with sighs and tears, as now. There never was a time 
when there was such a ringing call for leaders as now. 
The church is in great need of leaders, — in need of a 
Nehemiah, — to refit her burned gates and rebuild her 
broken and trampled walls. There is need of an Ez- 
ra " to read the Book of the Law of God distinctly, 
and to give the sense, and cause the people to under- 

Let Us Seek the Light Given on This 
Absorbing Subject 

The Gospel is not only called a light, but " the true 
light ; . . . the marvelous light. He that followeth me 
shall not walk in darkness." These are words of cheer, 
and allow no apology for the present bewildered con- 
fusion. Listen further: "My kingdom is not of this 
world; if my kingdom were of this world then would 
my servants fight." If Christ's servants could not 
fight then, they can not fight now. " I have chosen you 
out of the world. . . . Our citizenship is in heaven," 
hence Christians are called " pilgrims " and " stran- 
gers," ..." a holy nation, a peculiar people. . . . The 
kingdom of God is within you." Christ's kingdom is 
an invisible, spiritual kingdom. The inmates are spirit- 
ually bom, have a spiritual King. The contrast be- 
tween the two kingdoms is very great. They are in- 

Following the trail of the first, — the military, — is 
carnage, blood and ruin. Following the second, — the 
spiritual, — is peace and joy. The first seeks to destroy 
life; the second to preserve and give life. The first 
would starve their enemies; but the Christian would 
carry out the precept: "If thine enemy hunger, feed 
him." Listen to John's address to the military, — those 
soldiers : " Do violence to no man." That means : 
"Stack arms." Soldiers, when converted, cease vio- 
lence, — become harmless. That takes them out of the 
military ranks. "Accuse no man falsely and be con- 
tent with your wages." The military men at once be- 
come fine citizens, upon accepting the teachings of the 
King of Peace. 

As to nonresistance, — this is a Bible doctrine and 
not a Bible term. True, there may, in a sense, be 
" progressive nonresistance," but it must progress and 
mature until it reaches the Gospel standard. Only 
thus will it be acceptable. The same is true of " lim- 
ited nonresistance." Hence these terms are inadequate 
to define the doctrine of nonresistance. Every doc- 
trine of the Bible must be complete, — entire, — and 
absolute, to be acceptable. That young man and Cor- 
nelius each were fine characters, but they had not suf- 
ficiently progressed, or were too limited in conception 
to meet the divine standard. The lacks in each case 
were pointed out. 

The religion of Jesus, like some dry goods, comes 
in patterns. These can not be parceled out ; we must 
take all or none. " Teaching them to observe all things 
whatsoever I commanded you." The kingdoms of this 
world, in some measure, are constantly in arms. This 
is deemed necessary for their existence. But this 
responsibility does not rest upon the pilgrim subjects 
of Christ's kingdom. They " are subject unto " but 
not " subjects of the higher powers." Hence they are 
not in control. This clear Gospel doctrine, so faith- 
fully taught by the Church of the Brethren, is not only 
recognized, but respected by the United States, Canada 
and Great Britain. The Southern Confederacy re- 
spected this claim during the Civil War. It is en- 
couraging to call up and contemplate this forceful Bi- 
ble doctrine. 

There seems to be some confusion as to the duty of 
brethren in Military Camps. Some brethren's writings 
have been helpful, while others have not. It occurs 
to me that the Scriptures are ample on this as well as 
other lines. I remember with pleasure that during 
the Civil War there was a very well united sentiment 
as to the duty of our members. I point to Daniel as a 
very worthy example for imitation. Those who as- 
sociated with Daniel at once saw that he was a most 
worthy character. This called out official respect in 
Daniel's favor. But when those in charge required 
service of Daniel in violation of his religious prin- 
ciples, he, like the apostles of old, courteously declined, 
even at the peril of his life. (See Acts 4: 19; 5: 25.) 
I point our dear brethren in Camp to Daniel as a most 
worthy character to keep before them. 

Duty in the Military Camps comprises two lines: 
Constructive and destructive. The former is right, 
and hence in line with Christian duty. The latter is 
wrong. To build hospitals, to clothe, care for, and 
feed the sick is right, hence a Christian duty, whether 
in America or in France. 

Dorcas was a saint, that lived in Joppa. Of her it 
was said: "She was full of good works and alms 
deeds." After her death Peter was taken through her 
home and shown the garments she had made for the 
poor. Dorcas was loved and commended, and restored 
to life. What Dorcas did then is now called "Red 
Cross " work. That wounded, dying man that fell 
among robbers on the Jericho road, received no help 
from the passing priest and Levite, but a Samaritan, 
passing that way, stopped and gave him the needed 
help. This incident is related by Christ and he bid 
those he addressed : " Go and do thou likewise." That 
deed being proper on the Jericho road, makes it right 
on any Paris road. That work is now called " Red 
Cross." It can easily and clearly be recognized as 
constructive work, and hence in line with Christian 
duty. But when they bid us muster, practice marks- 
manship, build forts, dig rifle-pits, work in munition 
factories, etc.,— these tasks are destructive measures. 
If brethren are called upon to do such work, they 
should, like Daniel, kindly but firmly decline, even at 
the peril of their life. 

Our brethren in Camp have great need to be men 
of prayer. Daniel, Esther, Ezra and Nehemiah, and 
others when thrown into straitened circumstances, en- 
gaged in special seasons of prayer, and received 
marked help. Even Christ himself, on all the special 
occasions of his life, carried the matter to his Father 
in prayer. Remember that James assures us that "the 
prayer of the righteous man availeth much." We have 
great need, in these perilous times, to be consistent in 
our views taken, and the claims we set up. We should 
keep strictly along Gospel lines. Thus Heaven will be 
pleased, and the blessing will be ours. 

Greenville, Ohio. 

Love and Its Counterpart 


We are required to love God with all our being, as 
God loved us with an everlasting love. How can we 
estimate or measure God's love toward us, or our love 
toward him? While love and hate are opposites, they 
are also counterparts. If we do not love much, we do 
not hate much; if we do not hate much, we do not 
love much. God's extreme hatred for evil,— for sin, 
— measures his great love for the sinner. And our 
love for God is measured by our hatred toward evil 
and sin. Psa. 97: 10, says: " They that love God, hate 
evil." The Laodicean condition is not, and never has 
been, pleasing to God. Lukewarmness in Christian 
service is the sign of lukewarmness against non-Chris- 
tian service. When we look at any sin with a degree 
of allowance, we are, to that extent, apathetic in our 
love toward that which is good. This same rule will, 
perhaps, answer for empty pews in service, a lack of 
love for service, a lack of hate toward absence from 

We can not countenance sin and love the sinner. 
The parent who loves his child " spares not the rod," 
i. e., rod of loving correction, advice and direction, not 
a rod of iron or a hickory stick. 

Paul was a great hater before his conversion. God 
did not take away this wonderful power. He only 
transferred it with Paul's transformed life. Then he 
loved the things he once hated, and hated the things 
he once loved. Paul's greatness of character depended 
as much upon his extreme hatred for sin, as it did up- 
on his intense love for righteousness. If we wish to 
love God and what he loves, we must hate the things 
he hates. If we really love our own being, we will 
equally hate anything that mars that being. 

Paul says, " Abstain from all appearance of evil." 
Yes, he makes it stronger, "Abhor that which is evil: 
cleave to that which is good." 

If we love good, we must hate that which is wrong. 

" They that love God, hate evil." 

Riverside, Cal. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 

Echoes from the Goshen Conference 

(Continued from Page 33) 

was indeed an arduous one. While the committee was 
in session, informal discussion of the issues and prob- 
lems involved was continued in the main audience 
room, all tins by way of clearing the ground, so to 
speak, for the more intelligent and helpful disposition 
of the matter in the General Conference, 

The consideration of the report of this committee 
was thus the principal business before the Conference. 
This report, after certain amendments, recommittals 
and revisions, was adopted. Forenoon, afternoon and 
night sessions were given to the work. The Conference 
finally concluded its labors and adjourned about half 
past nine o'clock. Closing devotional exercises were 
conducted by Eld. J. W. Lear, of Illinois. All the ses- 
sions were similarly opened and closed, Elders D. M. 
Carver, of Ohio, I. \V. Taylor, of Pennsylvania, J. H. 
Longenecker, of Pennsylvania, and A. P. Blough, of 
Iowa, leading in these sen-ices. 

The paper as finally adopted, wc desire to give to 
our readers, that they may see for themselves exactly 
what was done, but this is impossible in the present 
issue. It is a document of some length, and the clerks 
were not able to submit it to us immediately, in form 
for printing. We hope to have it for next week. In 
addition to this the Minutes of the Conference are to 
be published and sent lo the churches, just as are the 
Minutes of the regular Conferences. It must suffice, 
for this issue, to indicate briefly the general nature of 
the Conference action. 

The paper consists of three parts. The first is a 
memorial to the President and the War Department; 
the second is a statement to the churches and our draft- 
ed brethren ; the third provides for a Central Service 
Committee along the general lines indicated in the edi- 
torial by Bro. Brandt last week. 

In the first part the attitude of the church to war is 
stated, appreciation and gratitude are expressed for the 
concessions granted to non-militant churches, but at- 
tention is also called to the inequalities of application 
of the law in the Camps, and petition is made for re- 
dress from these grievances, and for assignment of our 
brethren to constructive service, such as agriculture. 

The second part is intended for the instruction of 
our congregations and members generally and of our 
drafted brethren in particular. It strongly reaffirms the 
church's opposition to war and training therefor, cit- 
ing the Scripture teaching at some length. It com- 
mends the loyalty of our drafted brethren in their faith- 
ful endeavor to maintain the nonresistant principles 
of the church, and urges them not to accept any serv- 
ice which involves participation in the destruction of 
life. It gives respectful recognition, however, to the 
consciences of those who have felt that there were some 
lines of service which they could not rightly refuse. 
In a word, it sets forth and urges a high standard, 
while it breathes an atmosphere of tolerance for the 
conscientious convictions of individuals in the inter- 
pretation and application of it. This division also 
endorses contributions to the Red Cross and Y. M. C. 
A. funds, as well as to other relief work for which it 
makes provision. A committee on Relief and Recon- 
struction Work is appointed, consisting of Brethren 
J. E. Miller, Galen B. Royer, and Clarence Lahman. 
Simplicity and economy in all lines are strongly urged, 
that we may sacrifice freely for the great needs of the 
world. And special emphasis is put upon the impor- 
tance of larger giving to the mission work of the church 
and other church activities. 

The Central Service Committee provided for in the 
third part supersedes the Special Peace Committee ap- 
pointed by the Wichita Conference, and consists of 
Brethren W. J. Swigart, I. W. Taylor and C. D. Bon- 
sack. This committee will represent the church before 
the War Department in all matters relating to the war, 
as well as in regard to possible legislation concerning 
compulsory military training. 

In this paragraph we mention a few miscellaneous 
actions of the Conference. The General Mission Board 
was authorized to give pastoral care to the boys in 
Camp, if any need should arise beyond the present pro- 
visions. The Annual Meeting Treasurer was author- 
ized to make the necessary levy to meet extra drafts 
upon the General Treasury. Resolutions of thanks to 

the Goshen City church and the Goshen press, were 
adopted. A resolution was also adopted, expressing 1 
the sense of the Conference, that the coming regular 
Conference at Hershey, Pa., should be a delegate Con- 
ference, and that the travel money, thus saved by those 
who would ordinarily attend, be given to Relief and 
Mission Work. 

There was one feature of the Goshen Conference 
which impressed us deeply, and which filled us with a 
profound sense of satisfaction. It was the remarkable 
harmony of action. That diversities of judgment ex- 
isted throughout the Brotherhood, was well known. 
And the feeling was strong, on the part of some, that 
certain definite things should be done. And there was 
earnest discussion of some points. Yet the unanimity 
with which decisions were reached was truly remark- 
able. During the day a large number of motions were 
acted upon. In most cases they were adopted by unan- 
imous consent. In a few instances a division of the 
delegates was called for, but not once was,it necessary 
to count the votes. It was impossible to avoid the con- 
clusion that the Spirit of God was present and direct- 
ing the Conference. The Brotherhood may have con- 
fidence in the results attained, and may go forward in 

ork with 


We believe that God will bless the Goshen Confer- 
ence to the good of the church. It has proved that, 
despite any differences of opinion, the spirit of unity 
is strong among us. God grant it may always be so! 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 



i the 

the spiritual 
residing elf 

: members i 

■ presiding elder, 

■I'M uidc ? 

people. We h;ivf- enjoyed n nu in her x>( splendid sermons anil 
Bible Studies by Prof. J. P, Dickey, of Ln Verne College. The 
church hns <le.hl.-il to continue,- monthly Mi hie studies in- 
definitely. Brethren S. E. Yundt and O. L. Minnich preached our 
contribution of $22 was lifted for 
funds have been sent for temperance 
work and for distribution of Bibles. Brethren Geo. Chemherlen, 
of Covinn. Wm. Plntt, of Los Angeles, and Caleb Brubnker. of 
McPherson, have preached for us lately and inspired us to better 

unusually impressive tins season, probably beciiusf these times so 
much need the Balm of G Heart. The offering amounted to over 
$10, food, clothing and quiet pledges to better service for our 
Lord. .Tan. we fake m, offering for the Syrian-Armenian suffer- 
ers: Jan. 13 for Bible Study Fund. On review Sunday, the Loyal 
Workers' class gave an exceptionally good program,— a topical re- 

their relation to next quarter's work in the New Testament. A 

ollows: Elder, S. E. Yo.ler; 
irubaker; Christian Work- 
id President, Sister Linnie 

Sunday-school super intenden 
ers' president, Anita Stone; 

First Church 
teresting Christi 

apportioning the 


gcles. — Our Sunday-school 

as especially 
. music fur- 
mrtette from 

■r was offered. On Fri- 
Yesterday Bro. Robert 

H. Hyatt, Santee. Cal., Jan. 3. # - 

Santa Ana.— Our series of meetings closed on Sunday evenin 
Per. 10. We had many spiritual meetings during the'timo Br 
D. L. Miller was with us. His Bible Land talks were of csp. 
.■Ijil interest. The Interest was good and one soul was led I 
confess Christ.- A. Klein, TV.) K. Pine Street, Santa An 
Cal., Dec. 23. 

a.— On Sunday, Dei 

of I 



rts on the 

and Sunday-school cooperating together. Bro. O. Megie 
Elected Sunday -school superintendent. In our midweek 
service, we are enjoying a most interesting study of the 
pastor, Bro. W. M. Piatt.— 
Street. Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 

directed by 

-vilh , 

Bro. Wm. Wc 

lent us at the S|iei ja 

Christmas Eve the Sunday-school 
zly, Gleichen, Altn., Can., Jan. 2. 
ti met in council Dec. 20. Owing to i 

Our Sunday-school 
The Sunday 

helping with 
Syrian Relief, 

t Of f 

bin i 

the i 

, Can., Jan. 4. 

Caller.— On Sunday evening before Christmas our 

■is' Society gay.- a short Christ s program. Dec. 

cliool took a collection of S-ll.tlT. for the Armenians, 
h, have great reason to thank the Lord for his 
during the past year. We have not had a death 
good church 

mien! ho 

. Of 

;en deep.— Sirs. Mini 

presented one of our young ministers with a 
him through college. Bro. Roscoe Baker had ■ 
t a year hut, feeling the need of more school w 

Vlckey, for a watch meeting W 

spout ■. 

and the 

> had a season of prayer. Our 


of sl's.s.1, on Jan. 0, for the Arm* 

ded to send our birthday money 

vith that 

been put in the fourth class.— Maude C. Kin 
Jan. S. 


Hnxtun, Colo., 

; entire church 
children's pro- 
loon Eld. Fred 

f debt in February, with a se- 
g with a love feast. We urge 
coming to the great aviation 
ames and companies, that we 

ideut : 

elded ti 
Mollle ) 

Flory, presiding. Bro. 

30 and began a series of meetings. Ho is giving us splendid soul- 
stirring- sermons. Five have accepted Christ so far. Sister Susie 
Mow. of Moscow, and Sister Lehman, of Clearwater, are conducting 
the song service — Floyd A. Lyon, Moscow, Idaho, Jan. 5. 

Allison Prairie church met in council Jan. 5, with our elder, Bro. 

was ordained to the 

' installation 


night. Sls- 
:h Gerhnrt were delegates to the Bible 
X 2, Box 14, Lawrencevllle. 111.. Jan. 7. 
in council Dec. 19. with our elder, Bro. 
Officers were elected as follows: Bro. 
Preston Arnold, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, super- 
intendent of home department; Galen Wnllick, president of Chris- 


Shively. superintendent of 
Superintendent; Sis- 

Liz/.le Tnrney, Secretary-Treasurer. — Mary E. Landis, Cerro 

Elgin. — Because of the remarkable stormy conditions whicli 
al pleasure of 

on Saturday, found 

morning, and in the 
nded." Considering 


"liUle foot e hlu'Tl-!. U o 

10,000 inhabitants. 

Hudson.— Last Sunday, Dec. 30, we enjoyed Children's Dny serv- 
tended on account of the severe cold weather. Todav, Jan. 5, we 


on wishing to spend t 
Inle, Cal.. Jan. 1. 

e winter In South- 
-Minnie Stutsman, 

held our council, which was not largely attended. In the absence 
of our elder. Bro. J. W. Swltzer, our pastor, Bro. J. H. Neher. 
presided. All officers were retained for another vear. — Rebecca L. 
Suavely, Box 44, Hudson. 111., Jan. ff. 


net In council Jan. 1, 

it 11 o'clock. Bro. 

the majority being young members. Bro. G. O. Stutsman pre- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 

Thanksgiving Day for 

congregation gathered 

prayer meeting nt the church on Tuesday evening 

Curnutt, ISSt Euclid Avenue, Marion, Ind.. Jan. 

nule refreshments served 

r D, M. London, Liberty, 

et In council Jan. 5, with 

He was elected as oui 

mell on the hist Thursday 
our Sunday-school and Car 

od nnd a splendid 

fnll.^-ElsIe Noff- 
■ Christmas 

lief.— Helen M. Krneger, 
with Bro. W. IT. Pyle, of 

Roekford, III., 

irly business meeting .Tnn, 
ry Word, trustee. Brethre 

Bllile i 

during tiie holiday 
Bra Lntss, Lenn, 111. 

one of the 
—Jennie M. 

t Friday 


mid mil 

■■ thirty 

i Mtahler 

s. - Minn 

le flnilE 

the don- 




! Sherek, Mldd 

siding. Officers of tlie S 
with TJro. mill Itonk as 

i of $124,150 wns taken for Armenian hVllef.— I.ern Miller, 
Ind., Jnn. 8. 
e church met in council Dec. 20. Our elder, Pro. Daniel 
lelng absent on account of sickness, our pastor. Bro. 

'.urton M.txl.-r was elect,,] to till t|,.. vnnmey. A onm- 
; appointed to solicit f<ir building >'luirclics at Auburn 
tuith. Amzn Roose was elected superintendent of the 
iiool and John Mctzler. president of the Christian 

burcli met in council Jan. 6, with our elder. Itro. Kls- 

uperlntendent. On Sufhlny -Mrs. Grace Kh.gery. Mns- 

In council Dec. 20, wltll Uro. I). I\ 
I. Miller was reelected Sunday-school 
Miller was ordained as elder. He. 

Itrower. of South I'lngllsli, Iowa, hud 

given by the 

and attentive 

a splendid so 

mion. Ai 

cliurch met In council Dec. 8. Ilro. IT. N. n> 
ur elder for another year; Pro. n. F. Sliellv, 
rlntendent. Our love feast was held Oct. 21, 
n and wife, nnd Pro. ,T. D. Prower and wife, 

Sl.lOfurt. Bro. Clarence R. Crlpc 
Crlpe was also elected sexton of 

Our Sunday-school 

vices. Bro, I. D. Berkey 


Goshen, Ind., Jnn 

Long. Fredericksburg. Iowa, Jan. 3. 


'. and closed Dec. .10. with Prother and Sister Ralph Rarick In 
large. Sister Rarick led In the song service. Although there 
ere no accessions, n good interest was shown throughout tlip 
leetlngs and much good has been done.— Alice Keagy, Mongo, 

South PPiid, In 

pressed himself, i 

I Christmas time: 
r interest In me." 
I a joy to serve tl 

ivi de-awake and 

(Miss) Cecil M 

training class of seven. Seven received dlid'.mas fni 
sslon Study Class, and seven fro,,, the 1 -lu-r-t rah.iiiL- 

'rv "supvbiy afternoon in Tlilde Study, story-tcllinc an. 

pairs of cblldrcn's hose to the nn-=t ini^ Stre.-i Mission, at Chi- 
cago. We held our regular council Jan. 0. Bro. Rarick was 
present. Bro. I. S. Hart wns elected Sunday-School superintend- 
ent. We delayed the election of an elder. Seven letters were 
granted.— Miss Edna Brower. Kitchel, Ind., Jan. a. 

ien City , 

Cll ' 

sday even In 

Bro. Ora Blgler was 
elected Sunday-school superintendent for the new year; Sistei 
Stine. president of the Christian Workers. On Christmas even 
lng onr Sunday-school gave the Christmas pageant, "White Gift; 
for the King." Mnnv gifts were presented. Including an offering 
of $22 for the Armenian Relief Fund. Jan. 6 our Sunday-schoo 
made a special effort in their behalf and Increased the contribu- 
tion to over ?100. Since our recent revival we have a much largei 
vision of what God expects of us and are planning to do more 
and better work during the year before us.— O. W. Stlne, N. In- 
diana Avenue, Gosben, Ind., Jnn. 7. 

lng. Teachers of the Sunday-school will be elected I 
Sunday. Pro. Hi ley Kendal was elected clerk : tl 

Ind., Jan. a 

Dec 2 

2, with our eld- 

er was granted 

ass lea 

der nnd " Mes- 

(' president and 

gave a 

splendid pro- 

felt the need of a churchbouse. and m 

luncll. We surely ret. 
r an adequate church 

Through all these 

• roent^r college, and l 

t congregation for 

(Continued on Page «> 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 


Perfect Peace 

I've heard a voice within my soul that sings of perfect 

Of harps that ring while ages roll, in strains that never 

And down the winding ways of time, I backward turn to 

The kingly sacrifice sublime that gave that song to me. 

And as my soul pours forth its praise, to him who rules 

I think of those in lonely ways, who have not learned his 

And then I know the peace within will never be complete. 
Till I have sought some child of sin, and brought him to 
Christ's feet. 

able, lest you break that great commandment 
shalt not kill." 

And then, relieved of that which 

fresh strength pours in, and out, mayhap, to nour- 
3iic more closely kin. For it is only when there is 
sure in doing that the thing is done, fully, or fair- 
lastingly at all. 

This is a true story and many similar ones can be 

told in this Christian land of ours, because professors 

a drain upon of Christianity do not fight King Alcohol and his satel- 

Sl. U 




Any argument for communism is superficial and can 
be supported by neither the nature of man nor the com- 
mands of God. Men arc made to differ one from an- 
other in their ambitions, desires and demands, which 
conception is contrary to a life of communism. The 
requirement of God, that " every one should lay by 
in store on the first day of the week as the Lord has" 
prospered him," shows that God grants and recog- 
nizes individual prosperity, and requires individual re- 
sponse in proportion to that prosperity. If commu- 
nism had been practiced by the church at Corinth, how 
could " every one " have had something to " lay by in 
store on the first day of the week as the Lord has 
prospered him "? The facts destroy the theory. 

Muscatine. lozi'a. 

"If the Salt Have Lost Its Savor" 


Believe something with all your might; throb with 
it; radiate'it; be aflame with it, and the fever of your 
earnestness will make the hope contagious. And hope 
is a power— a talent. And talent a little mustard seed 
God gives to you, to be planted deep in the heart,— the 
ground-work of you,— and watered and nourished un- 
til it becomes " the greatest among herbs." 

For there is nothing taught by any man, in any art, 
that can compare with loving it ; there's no human skill 
that can compete with knowing you can do. Ability 
means nothing; technique means nothing; perfection 
means nothing, unless there's pulsing life behind it. 
For it's only life that begets life. It's only life that 
can produce a child, or plan, or project. And thus be- 
lief, beginning with the one, in infancy, grows on from 
man to man, from group to group, to ripe maturity,— a 
thing accomplished. 

To take an interest is the most productive, the most 
instructive, the most charming attribute of man; and 
indifference the sort of lukewarm portion that makes 
one ill to swallow. Whether consomme or a human 
being,— it's unpalatable. It means that there's some- 
thing wrong. 

And "beauty smileless is like a lovely landscape 
without light." Which, virtually, is saying that it isn't 
at all ; that it doesn't exist, since the vivid force 
that presented it is gone, and thus the object with it. 

Unless there's joy in the thing you do, there can not 
be success. Let a newspaper man be one hundred per 
cent efficient, and without interest, and they have no 
need of him. He does not help. Let a minister ana- 
lyze and analyze, and probe and probe, and study and 
study, and expound and expound, — and if it's all from 
the outside, and not from the soul of him. what good 
i- he' What kind of a steward of God is he? 

Let a man have a great idea, and no enthusiasm, and 
the cause is dead already. He has killed it. For noth- 
ing thrives, nothing lives, unless it's fed and fed ; and 
a purpose needs enthusiasm as an infant milk. It's 
the sustaining element— the thing that makes it grow. 
And as you have no right to starve a child, no more 
have you a right to enervate a calling. It's just as sa- 
cred.— a living thing! And when you can no longer 
feed it from the substance of your being, then the time 
has come when you must pass it on to one who is more 

Religion a Practical Principle 


Religion is something more than soundness of doc- 
trine, an adherence to forms, and an observance of 
rites and ceremonies. Christ came not into the world 
merely to give us a creed, sacraments, ordinances, etc. 
Neither was the Word of God written solely in order 
that professed Christians might obtain right views and 
possess just notions. Religion has to do with the phys- 
ical as well as the intellectual. It forms the habit as 
well as regulates the mind. It moulds the conduct as 
well as governs the understanding; it subdues the will 
as well as directs the creed. The spirit of religion is 
the love of righteousness; the exercise of religion is 
the practical application of that love to God and man. 
Visiting the widows and the fatherless in their afflic- 
tion is not called for as an appendage or adjunct to 
religion, but is religion itself. 

The sacrifice which is immediately and directly ac- 
ceptable to God is not (hat which cometh from the 
ground or that which goeth forth from the mouth of 
man ; it is the sacrifice of one's life upon the immortal 
altar of human society. The spot of ground occupied 
by the child of God, while relieving the distressed, 
comforting the bereaved, feeding the hungry,. or de- 
fending the defamed, is more thoroughly consecrated, 
in the eyes of the Infinite Being, than all the religious 
ceremonies that could have been performed upon it. 
The substance of divine service is social service. He 
that lifts another's burden, wipes another's tear, for- 
gives another's debt, performs religion's most beauti- 
ful ceremony. 

The sphere of human kindness is the chief church of 
man. The more thoroughly we devote ourselves to 
humanity, the more completely we dedicate ourselves 
to God. He who loves man most, serves God best. 
Kind and generous acts are among the noblest reli- 
gious exercises. All other worship, however sublime, 
independent of love to man, and terminating within 
itself, evokes no commendation from him who sitteth 
upon the throne. A pious inclination which has not 
life and vigor sufficient to ripen into an act, when oc- 
casion presents itself, has no place in the realm of real 

Roaring Spring, Pa. 

The Slavery of Drink 


Some time ago, I noticed a man, who had been work- 
ing away from home, get off the train and pass down 
the street. He has a large family, and how overjoyed 
all were to know that papa was coming home again 1 
Mama took special care to have the house swept and 
dusted, and the children cleanly dressed, and faces 
bright. The daughter, a young lady just at the age 
when childhood emerges into virtuous womanhood, 
met her father on the street, and how glad she was to 
see him 1 She took hold of his arm and walked along. 

They passed down toward home until opposite a sa- 
loon door. A penetrating odor got into his nostrils 
and seemed to permeate his very soul. He stopped. 
The girl tugged at his arm. She pleaded with him to 
go on. But no. he can not do it. The master, "Drink," 
is calling with a relentless voice : " Come hither." 

The door opened and the man passed in. This was 
at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. The family waited in 
vain. Papa's homecoming had been turned into sor- 
row. The little faces, peeping out of the window and 
through the door, were distressed by their anxious 
waiting. Mother's heart was very sad. None were 
desirous to partake of the carefully-prepared supper. 
All waited anxiously. 

At o'clock, that night, as I passed down the street, 
the man was seen sitting in a chair, in the public house, 
in a drunken stupor. How sad! 

lites as Christ would have them do. Brother Church 
Member,— you who live in a State which has deemed 
it wise to stop the legalized sale of alcohol, are indeed 
blessed. Is it not a shame that we, as citizens of Penn- 
sylvania, still abide in a commonwealth to which the 
bloated liquor octopus points significantly and says: 
" Behold the Gibraltar of the liquor trust"? If our 
Christian friends would all do as their better self dic- 
tates, the combined vote would be strong enough to 
free us from this terrible enemy. Let each one ask 
himself, "Am I doing my duty in this phase of the 
Master's cause?" 
Garrett, Pa, 

A True Personal Incident 


Father had gone out to the little Mission Chapel, 
one dark winter evening. He had a long, lonely walk 
before he reached the little church where he was to 
hold a service for the people of the neighborhood, some 
of them a rather rough element, who had had little 
chance to hear the "Old, Old Story," until the chapel 
was built especially for them. 

As we sat at home, around the evening lamp, sud- 
denly I seemed to feel that he needed my prayer and 
I prayed God to bring him safeiy home— that was all. 

When he arrived later, and had seated himself in his 
favorite chair, he said : " I had a little unpleasant ex- 
perience tonight. A man followed close behind me, 
part of the way along that dark stretch, where there 
are no houses, keeping just a certain distance behind 
me. He did not seem inclined to pass me, although he 
had the chance to do so several times." 

I said nothing, but I understood why the thought 
to pray for him had come to me. 

Such things are, I think, too sacred' to speak of 
lightly. Perhaps some of my readers have had the 
same impulse at some time in their lives or will some 
day have it. Do not let it pass by, for it may mean 
some one's safety or peace of mind. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

A Lesson on the Use of the Sword 

" He that hath none, let him sell his cloak, and buy a 
sword" (Luke 22: 26). 

Yes, those were the words of Jesus. Did he actual- 
ly mean that his disciples should buy a sharp, glitter- 
ing steel sword of carnal warfare? Yes, when we 
consider the answer we can take it to mean nothing 
else. Note it : " And they said. Lord, behold, here are 
two swords: And he said unto them, It is enough." 

Did Christ mean that his disciples should prepare to 
fight the armed band that was coming to take him? 
Hardly, or he would not have said that two were 
enough. But why did he tell them to take swords? 
Watch developments. 

When, an hour or so later, the armed band was up- 
on him, "and when they that were about him saw 
wdiat would follow, they said, Lord, shall we smite 
with the sword ? And a certain one of them smote the 
servant of the high priest, and struck off his right ear." 
Did Christ answer their question in the affirmative, 
and commend Peter's wisdom in using the sword so 
quickly? Listen! "But Jesus answered and said, 
Suffer ye them thus far. And he touched his ear and 
healed him." "Jesus therefore said unto Peter, Put 
up thy sword into the sheath, for all they that take the 
sword shall perish with the sword." " The cup which 
the Father hath given me, shall I not drink it? " 

Was that not an impressive object lesson ! Would 
it have been possible to teach the doctrine of peace at 
any price in a clearer, more vivid and forceful way! 

But the question arises, When / am .up against 
armed forces, am / to act as Christ did and as he asked 
his disciples to act on that occasion? Was it not nec- 
essary for Christ to die, to make atonement for the sins 
of the world, thus making his case different from 
mine today ? Listen to Christ's own words : " He 
that doth not take his cross and follow after me, is not 
worthy of me" (Matt. 10: 35). 

Chicago, III. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 

The Bulsar, India, Devotional Meetings 

Once each year all ihe members of our mission family en- 
deavor to assemble for a week of Bible study and prayer. 
This year the meeting was planned to be held at Bulsar, be- 
ginning Oct. 31. All were looking forward to this occasion, 
desiring and praying that it might be a blessing to all. 

Only a few days previous, while the 6nal preparations were 
being made, a dark cloud suddenly rolled over the entire mis- 
sion family.— that of the serious illness and death of our dear 
Sister Kaylor. At the different stations all were deeply bur- 
dened in prayer, and those who were near did everything 
within the power of loving hands to do. But the Allwisc 
Father, who knows what is best, was pleased to call her home 
to himself. During those anxious days, as we viewed the mat- 
ter from a human Mand]inint, the question arose: "How can 
she be spared from -the work, when already the workers arc 
so few and the need is so great?" But we submissively yield 
to the Divine Will, knowing that " he docth all things well." 
Scarcely were the tears of this sorrow wiped away, when 
wc were called upon to rejoice in the coming of a new joy to 
the Ross home,— that of another daughter, Pauline Mary. 
So, amid sorrow mingled with joy, we came together on this 
occasion for a recharging of power and inspiration. And 
truly thus it proved to be. For the first time in years wc had 
a nearly complete representation. Twenty-seven of the thirty- 
two now on the field were present. 

None the less enjoyable and profitable was the occasion to 
the children, all of whom were present save of the old- 
er, who arc away at the hills, in boarding school. Not until 
one considers the long periods of time that elapse at the sta- 
tions where they arc entirely isolated from the association of 
white children, other than those of the immediate family, can 
one appreciate what a delight and blessing such a season as 
this brings to them. On Sunday morning they, with the writ- 
er, had a most interesting little English Sunday-school to- 
gether in the bungalow, while the adults had a season of wor- 
ship in the vernacular with the natives at the church. 

The morning hours were spent in looking into the Word, 
with Brethren J. B. Emmcrt and J. M. Blough as leaders. 
In a very forceful way Bro. Enimert pointed out some of the 
beautiful, helpful truths of Second Timothy. This letter 
of Paid to Timothy, a youthful soldier of the cross, although 
written many centuries ago, became a new and living message 
to us personally, as we meditated and studied its contents 
together. With John 15 as a basis, Bro. Blough each morning 
led out in a devotional study on the topic : " Fellowship with 
God." This subject itself denotes that it was a real feast to 
ihe soul. By Bible texts and illustrations the following phases 
of this wonderful life of fellowship, were deeply impressed: 
"There Is Living Union with Christ," "Fellowship with 
Christ Ts Constant," "It Is a Life of Greatest Privilege," "It 
Is a Fruit-bearing Life," " Surrender and Faith, the Two 
Essential Elements of This Life." and. lastly. "The Quiet 
Hour the Mentis of Sustaining This Life." Great emphasis 
was placed on the need of securing the presence of Christ 
for the whole day. that he might direct in every activity. 

The afternoon sessions were taken up in special confer- 
ences. The following were the main subjects discussed: "Vil- 
lage Schools," "English Education." "Woman's Work," and 
"The Evangelistic Campaign." These are but a few of the 
many important phases of mission work considered. Experi- 
ences were given, questions were asked and answered, sug- 
gestive methods were presented. — all with the hope of bring- 
ing about greater progress in the extension of the Kingdom. 
In the various auxiliary lines, relating to Christian work, all 
are eager to so direct and work that the greatest glory may 
come to his name. In order that this may result, much wis- 
dom is needed. Thus these conferences were helpful in get- 
ting a clearer vision of the situation by seeing them from 
the standpoint of each other. 

At five, tach evening. Bro. Stover gave some splendid mes- 
sages on "Virtue," "Sin," "Satan, the Prince of Evil," 
" Christ the Lord," and " Grace." A good audience from the 
town also listened to these addresses. These meetings had 
previously been announced at the High School in the city, 
with a special invitation that the presence of all would be 
welcomed. So it was encouraging, each evening, to see sev- 
eral of the professors and from twenty to forty-five of these 
young men march into the church in a body. There were 
Parsees, Hindoos, Jews, and Mohammedans, all of whom 
manifested deepest reverence. As the services were in Eng- 
lish, they, perhaps, did not get the full import of all that was 
said, but the splendid attention they gave was evidence that 
they were interested. Sometimes, before the opening of the 
service, they were seen reading the Bible. At the close of 
the service, when the message on Satan was given, a Parsee 
gentleman, who is an occasional visitor at the mission home, 
and an attendant at the church services, gave this testimony, 
designating that the Spirit is at work. This is his statement: 
" I am convinced that the only way to keep Satan out of the 
heart is to have Christ in the heart." 

After dinner there was an hour of special praise and pray- 
er. There were heart- sea rchings in our own lives, that we 
might become more perfectly united with the Father, thereby 
rendering unto him more glorious sendee. Incidents calling 
for praise were reported. On the missioned there are many 
perplexing problems which require much wisdom in their 
solution. Some of these were mentioned for prayer. The 
native Christians, some of whom are suffering persecution, 
were remembered. Thus the hour of intercession, where real 
fighting against the spiritual hosts of darkness takes place, 
was one of manifest power and a blessing to the soul. 

After a lengthy business session, lasting three full days, 
which followed this five days' devotional assembly, all re- 
turned to their different stations, filled with new courage and 
new power for the Master's service. Goldic Swartz. 

2 Phayre Road. Poona. India, Nov. 10. 

The Passing of Sister Rosa Kaylor 

On Wednesday morning, Oct. 24, the sad news, ; 
ouncing the death of Sister Kaylor. was Hashed over t 
wires from Bulsar to the differ. 

I he 

of Ro 


Rosa Knylo: 

this news was not altogether un- 
expected, and yet we were sur- 
prised. Wc had been much in 
prayer for her. during the past few 
days, and as wc prayed, we hoped 
for her recovery. Wc thought: 
How can she be spared from the 
sion? But wc can not murmur 
at God's dealings, in taking her 
from us. for we know his way is 

Sister Kaylor was sick just two weeks and two days. 
Her illness began with an attack of dysentery on Monday. 
Oct. 8. As medical aid was not available at Vada, Dr. 
Cottrcll was called from Bulsar on Friday following. 
About thirty miles of the journey from Bulsar to Vada is 
made by horse tonga. Tongas are not always available 
when we want them, npr are the drivers very accommo- 
dating, so wc arc often delayed in making this part of 
the journey. Dr. Cottrell was thus delayed in one village 
twenty-eight hours, so that sixty hours were required to 
get to Vada from the time the wire was sent. He re- 
mained at Vada several days, administering medical aid. 
As Rosa's condition seemed much improved, and heavy 
work awaited him at Bulsar, Bro. Cottrell returned on 

On Thursday morning her condition grew worse, at- 
tended by other complications, and Dr. Cottrell was im- 
mediately summoned. He arrived at Vada on Friday 
noon, with a trained native nurse. Realizing the serious- 
ness of her condition, the doctor advised removing her to 
Bulsar, where more help is available. A cot was tied in 
the tonga and on Saturday evening Bro. Kaylor, with 
doctor and nurse, started with the sick patient. They 
traveled all night, and until Sunday at 3:30 P. M., to get 
to Palghar, the nearest railway station. Four times the 
river was forded. It being the closing days of monsoon, 
the streams were yet quite swollen. Sisters Lichty and 
Eby met the party at Palghar and accompanied it to Bul- 
sar, arriving at 8 P. M, on Sunday. Thus about iwcnty- 
five hours were spent in continuous travel to get to the 
nearest hospital,— a hundred miles distant. Rosa stood the 
trip remarkably well, except for the heat during the last 
few miles of the tonga journey. 

Every possible care was given by the Doctors Cottrell, 
Sister Mohlcr (nurse), and the missionaries at Bulsar, but 
despite all that medical skill and loving hands could do, 
the disease did its work. The doctors' diagnosis of the 
case was amn-bic dysentery, a serious form of intestinal 
disease in tropical countries. She was a patient, uncom- 
plaining sufferer and very appreciative of the attempts to 
make her comfortable. 

All day Tuesday, those who watched at her side realized 
that the end was near. She was unconscious most of the 
day, though at times she recognized those caring for her, 
and spoke familiarly with them. In her unconsciousness 
she would speak of "going back," and it seemed that she 
was thinking about returning to her work. She became 
quiet about midnight and at 3: 15 on Wednesday morning 
she passed peacefully away. Doctors Cottrell, Brother and 
Sister Blough, Brethren Ross and Pittenger, Sisters Eliza 
Miller and Mohler were with the grief-stricken husband 
at her bedside when the end came. As she entered into 

Six short, happy years they shared life together and six 
years, less one month, they served their Master in India. 
He will miss her presence in the home and her words of 
counsel and helpfulness, which he sought in times of diffi- 
culty and perplexity. The beautiful spirit of resignation, 
manifested by Bro. Kaylor in this sorrow, has been an ex- 
ample of perfect trust and confidence in the Allwisc Fa- 
ther who doeth all things well. Sister Kaylor's parents 
and brother and sister, of whom she so often spoke, will 
miss her cheery letters. Their joyous anticipations of her 
return on furlough arc now blighted. To them our hearts 
and our prayers go out in deepest sympathy. 

Not only in the mission and the home is the loss of our 
sister felt, but also iu the little Christian community at 
Vada. The sad message was received in the afternoon by 
Sister Powell, who had remained by the work. The Chris- 
tians at once came to the bungalow, to be with her in 
this dark hour. Together they wept, together they 
prayed. They spoke of her kind disposition, her heart 
full of love, and her life of daily sacrifice and devotion. 
Then they bowed before God in gratitude for her beautiful 
life, and in prayer for her sorrowing husband and for those 
she loved in the homeland. They prayed in their own 
behalf for more strength, courage and zeal to carry on 
the work. Frequently they would make remarks like 
these: "It is indeed sad, but if Madam Saheb could speak 
to us she would say: ' Press forward in the work, be faith- 
ful.' This wc know." 

Her Hindu neighbors and friends also came in and 
poured forth words of grief and sympathy, all the while 
speaking of her love for them, and her many kindnesses 
to them. Yes, for them she gave her life, and we believe 
there will be an abundant harvest. Seven years ago Bro. 
Brubaker laid down his life while stationed at Vada. 
Surely, where life-blood is spilled, greater blessings arc 
in store. Anna M. Eby. 

Dahanu, Thana District. India. 




Then they knelt in prayer, Bro. Blough leading. 

Arrangements were made for the funeral to be held in 
the afternoon of the same day. A coffin was made in the 
mission workshop, and Dr. Laura. Eliza and Jennie cov- 
ered it neatly with black cloth, and lined it with white. 
Loving hands gathered flowers and laid them on the cof- 
fin. Brethren Stover, Emmcrt, Lichty. and Dr. Nickey 
reached Bulsar in time for the funeral. The service was 
held in the church and was attended by missionaries. In- 
dian Christians, and English friends from the town of 
Bulsar. Bro. Emmert had charge of the service in En- 
glish, and Bro. Lichty in Gujerati. "Asleep in Jesus." 
"Some Sweet, Glad Time We'll Surely Know," and 
"Abide with Me" were sung. Bro. Stover conducted the 
service at the grave. Our dear sister is laid to rest by the 
side of Sister Mamie Quinter. and near the graves of the 
Ebey children in the beautiful little cemetery at Bulsar. 

Her devoted, .loving companion feels his loss keenly. 


The Message of a First Century Preacher 

Titus 2: 11-14 
For Week Beginning January 27, 1918 

1. Salvation a Gift to Whosoever Will.— No one is too 
low or too far removed to !>c included in the saving pur- 
pose of God. " Enough for each, enough for all, enough 
for evermore," is the slogan of Christianity. It is not 
finite prudence but Infinite Wisdom that has planned 
the salvation of the race. The clement of chance and pos- 
sible failure is not found iu the divine purpose. The grace 
of God,— not the shrewdness of man,— has appeared, 
bringing salvation to all (Luke 19: 10; John .1: 14-17; Acts 
2: 39; 4: 12; Eph. 2: 8). 

2. What Does Salvation Mean to Us?— It means noth- 
ing more or less than righteousness, and this implies very 
deep and thorough-going right-doing. It deals not only 
with deeds, but even with the desires of men. No won- 
der the apostle emphasizes the danger of secret sins. 
Avarice, envy, jealousy, emulation, and vmdictiveness arc 
just as bad in the eyes of God as the gross sins of the flesh. 
Righteousness is more than respectability. Its evident 
sincerity is its glory (Matt. 11; 28-30; John 6: 35-37; Rom. 
5: I, 2; 2 Cor. 5: 17). 

3. Absolute Assurance of Our Acceptance. — Abraham 
went forth "looking for a city which hath foundations, 
whose builder and maker is Cod." The early Hebrews, 
in general, showed by their actions " that they were 
strangers and pilgrims on the earth," and were seeking 
after a country of their own. Men are to act on earth in 
the spirit of heaven— to do the will of him whose Word 
shall never pass away (Mark 16: IS. 16; John 15: 4, 5: 
1 Thess. S: 8-10; Heb. 7: 25). 

4. The Completeness of Salvation. — It is God's plan 
to save man from all iniquity. Why not? The patient in 
the hospital who, after an operation, is not saved from 
all blood-poisoning, is in a bad way. Jesus always em- 
phasized the possibility of overcoming sin in all its forms. 
To this end he would have his followers be jealous of good 
works, thus attesting to the genuineness of their belief 
(2 Tim. 1: 9, 10: Titus 3: 3-7; 1 Tcter 1: 5. 9. 10). 

Facts to Be Remembered 

1. Why wc have absolute certainty of our salvation: 
(1) Jesus is able to save. (2) He is willing to save. (31 
He will save to the uttermost. (4) He will save you if 
you will let him. 

2. Religion, according to the precepts of Christ, is best 
shown in the attitude of the soul toward God first of all. 
but it should also manifest itself toward all men." 

3. "A man in whom religion is an inspiration, who has 
surrendered his being to its power, who drinks it, breathes 
it, bathes iu it, can not speak otherwise than religiously." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 


Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus at Work.— Mark 1 : 21-45. 
Christian Workers' Meeting, My Bible— Psa. 119: 97. 


Bro. M. Alva Long, of Weiser, Idaho, in his home con- 

Bro. E. N. Huffman, of Kansas City, Mo., in the Logaus- 
port church, Ind. 

Bro. B. E. Kesler, of Poplar Bluff, Mo., in the Prairie 
Lake church, Okla. 

Bro. S. J. Burger, of Howe, Ind., in the Middlebury 

Bro. Ralph Schlosser, of Elizabcthtown, Pa,, to begin 
Feb. 16 in his home congregation. 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Onekama, Mich., to begin Jan. 
29 in the Buck Creek church, Ind. 

Bro. S. E. Decker, of Ashland, Oregon, to begin the lat- 
ter part of February in the Williams Creek church, same 

Bro. Michael Kurtz, of Richland, Pa., to begin in the 
near' future at the Spring Creek house, Spring Creek con- 
gregation, same State. 

Ira J. Lapp, of Miami, N. Mcx„ ill the Pc 


ley church, same State. 

Bro. M. C. Swigart, of Philadelphia, Pa., in the Willis 
burg church, same State. 

Bro. Michael Kurtz, of Richland. Pa., in the Freyst 
house, Little Swatara church, same State. 

One i 

d Dec. 16 at Newton, Kans. 
cd in the Talent church, Oregon 

Two were baptized Oct. 28 in the Lcwistown church. 

One confessed Christ Dec. 30 in the Buck Creek church, 

Two were baptized in the Williamsburg church. Pa- 
ri in the Weiser church, Idaho, since 
ned at Shamokin. 

One has bee 
ast report. 
Two were baptized and one w 



Three have been baptized in the Chestnut Grove church, 
W. Va.. since last report. 

Twenty Chinese have confessed Christ at Detroit, Mich., 
during the past few months. 

Two were baptized at Baglcy, Iowa,— Bro. Isaac R. 
Beery, nf Flora. Ind., evangelist. . 

One confessed Christ at Santa Ana, Cal.,— Bro. D. L. 
Miller. Ml. Morris, 111., evangelist. 

Five confessed Christ at Moscow, Idaho.,— Bro. Fike, 
of Nezperce, same State, evangelist. 

One confessed Christ in the Lititz church, Pa.,— Bro. T. 
S. Fikc, of Thurmont, Md.. evangelist. 

Five were baptized at Springfield. Ohio— Bro. Hugh 
Miller, of Gettysburg, same Slate, evangelist. 

Seven have been baptized and one reclaimed in the 
Pleasant View church, Kans., since last report. 

Five were baptized Dec. 30 in the Curlew church, Iowa, 
—Bro. J. A. Eddy, of Worthington, Minn., evangelist. 

Two confessed Christ in the Pipe Creek church, Md.,— 
Bro. Rufus Bucher, of Mechanic Grove, Pa., evangelist. 

Four were baptized at Ramona. Kans., — Bro. Oliver 
Austin and wife, of McPherson, same State, evangelists. 

One hundred and four confessed Christ in the Altooua 
church, Pa.— Bro- J. H. Cassady, of Huntingdon, same 
State, evangelist. 

Two were baptized Dec. 12 in the Snake Spring Valley 
church. Pa., — Bro. Moses Brumbaugh, of Martinsburg 
same State, evangelist. 

One confessed Christ in the Moonshine house, Little 
Swatara congregation. Pa..— Bro. John C. Zug. of Pal- 


Bro. D. G. Brubaker desires us to inform his correspond- 
ents that he should be addressed at Nocona, Texas, hav- 
ing taken charge of the pastoral work at that place. 

Bro. Levi Minnich, of Greenville, Ohio, has gone to 
Southern California for a few months' sojourn. Sister 
Minnich, who is a daughter of Bro. Edmund Forney, of 
La Verne. Cal., had preceded her husband by several weeks. 

The Mission Board of North Dakota, Eastern Montana 
and Western Canada have secured the services of Bro. I. 
H. Fox, of Centralis, Wash., for the work in Minot, N. 
Dak. He enters upon his pastoral duties at once. 

We have just received word of the death, on Jan. 9, of 
Bro. Willis P. Rodabaugh. of Fredric. Iowa. Bro. Roda- 
baugh had served the Monroe County church and the 
Southern District of Iowa as a faithful minister for over 
twenty years. 

The General Mission Board held its regular meeting, 
which usually occurs ill December, on Friday and Saturday 
of last week, following the Goshen Conference. How the 
members of the Board were snowbound, and the benefits 
accruing therefrom to the Elgin congregation, are given in 
the Elgin church note in this issue. " It's an ill wind 
that blows nobody good." 

Bro. E. M. Reed who, for some years, has been cuder of 
the Pecos Valley church, N. Mex.. is contemplating an 
early removal to Kansas. This will leave the little flock 
without an elder, of whom they arc much in need. Who 
will volunteer his services? Mrs. Thos. J.'Reed, Dexter, 
N. Mex.. will correspond with any elder who may feel in- 
clined to enter upon this work. 

Only thirty-one pupils were in attendance on a recent 
Sunday in the Garrison, Iowa, Sunday-school. That did 
not. however, prevent them from responding, most ef- 
fectually, to the stirring appeal made recently for the Ar- 
menian sufferers. Their liberal offering of $101.15 is sure- 
ly a most creditable one. 

The little band of members at Outlook, Wash., great- 
ly desires to have a minister locate among them. This is, 
seemingly, a most excellent opening for a minister who de- 
sires a field with great possibilities. Sister Olga Conover, 
of the above-named place, will give further information to 
any of our ministers who may be at liberty to entertain 
a proposition of this sort. 

Another blizzard struck a large part of the Middle West 
the latter part of last week, completely tying up all trans- 
portation systems on Friday night. Saturday and Sunday. 
At this writing (forenoon of Jan. 15) trains and traction 
lines are running again, with fair prospects that the alarm- 
ing fuel shortage may be somewhat relieved by a more 
speedy movement of coal trains from the mines. 

We are requested to publish the following itinerary of 
Bro. C. N. Stutsman. R. D. 5, Wenatchee. Wash., District 
Missionary Secretary for the State of Washington: North 
Yakima, Jan. 20 and 21; Sunnyside, Tan. 22 and 23; Outlook. 
Jan. 24 and 25; Seattle, Jan. 27 and 28; Tacoma, Jan. 29, 
and 30; Olympia, Feb. 1 and 2; Centralia, Feb. 3 and i. 
Itinerary for the Eastern portion of the State will be an- 

Not for a long while have we seen such a manifest ex- 
hibition of real sacrifice as was recently evinced by many 
of our Sunday-schools, the pupils of which cheerfully de- 
prived themselves of the customary Christmas treat, in 
order that the starving and half-clad children of suffering 
Armenia might be provided for. Such a spirit of self-re-, 
nunciatiou speaks eloquently of careful training along the 
line of helping others, and is a strong rebuke to the greed 
and selfishness too often in evidence. 

Sister Lizzie Studebaker, of Pearl City. III., touches up- 


On page 43 we publish the program of the Annual Sun- 
day-school Institute of the First District of Virginia, to be 
held at the Peters Creek church, Roanoke County. Va , 
Jan. 25 and 26. 

Daleville College, Va., has arranged to hold its Special 
Bible Term Jan. 27 to Feb. 1. Bro. J. E. Miller, of Elgin, 111., 
and Sister Ida C. Shumaker.of India, arc the leading work- 
Further particulars regarding this gathering will be 
r 's notice on page 43. 

found in Bro. C. S. Ikenbe 


Two . 


it in the Rankstown mission, Little 
Swatara congregation. Pa..— Bro. John C. Zug. of Pal- 
myra, same State, evangelist. 

Thirty-five confessed Christ, of whom twenty-one were 
baptized, seven restored and seven await the rite, at Pirkey 
Va.,— Bro. S. A. Sanger, of Free Union, same State, 

Three confessed Christ and one was reclaimed in the 
CircleviUc church. Ohio.— Bro. Chas. L. Florv. of Pleas- 
ant Hill, same State, evangelist. One more was reclaimed 
a week later. 

Three confessed Christ, two of whom have been bap- 
tized, and one was reclaimed in the Mohler house. Spring- 
villc church. Pa..— Bro. J. B. Brubaker. of Mauheim, same 
State, evangelist. Four were also baptized at this place, 
from the West Conestoga and Spring Grove churches. 

Bro. B. E. Kesler. of Poplar Bluff, Mo., to begin Jan. 20 
in the Clovis church, N. Mex. 

Bro. D. G. Brubaker, of Nocona, Tex., to begin Feb 1 
in the Prairie Lake church, Okla. 

Bro. Rufus P. Bucher, of Quarryville. Pa., to begin Feb. 
3 in the Mechanicsburg house, Lower Cumberland con- 
gregation, same State. 


In the final summation, nothing really counts save the 
devotion of the personal life to (he highest ends. 

The First Church of the Brethren, Dayton, Ohio, expects 
to dedicate their new house of worship March 3. Bro. J. 
H. Cassady. of Huntingdon. Pa., is to begin a revival ef- 
fort at that time. 

A number of communications, — Aid Society reports and 
the more lengthy write-ups pertaining to church and Dis- 
trict activities,— could not be accommodated in this issue. 
They will appear in next week's " Messenger." 

The Minutes of the recent Special Conference, held at 
Goshen, Ind., will be printed as soon as all the material for 
the same is at hand. In next week's issue we hope to pub- 
lish full particulars regarding the Minutes proper, and 
also the Camp Section for special distribution. 

It has been well said that the average pastor is an ec- 
clesiastical machinist whose business it is to keep the 
wheels going. Unfortunately, however, many of the wheels 
do nothing but buzz,— they generate no power. And then 
we wonder, sometimes, that comparatively little is ac- 

Work on the New Ladies' Dormitory at La Verne, Col- 
lege, Cal.. is moving forward. Bro. D. L. Miller has re- 
cently held his eleventh series of meetings in the La Verne 
(formerly Lordsburg) congregation. The meetings were 
largely attended and several had conic forward when our 
informant wrote, but we have not yet received a full re- 
port of the meeting. 

Bro. R. A. Nedrow, during the year 1917, preached at 
the Presbyterian church, I.udlowville, N. Y.,— that build- 
ing not having been occupied during the preceding year. 
He had splendid congregations and the best of interest. 
There was genuine disappointment when Bro. Nedrow 
announced his inability to labor for them any longer, his 
return to Lake Ridge being imperative. It would seem, 
however, that the work, so well begun by Bro. Nedrow 
should be continued by some one. Here there is a good 
house of worship and an appreciative congregation. An 
active minister might find this a most excellent opening. 

for which we make room here: "Would it not be a good 
plan if all city missions, in need of clothing and other sup- 
plies, for distribution among the needy, were to make their 
■wants known to that effect, — this information to he pub- 
lished in a brief directory, devoted to that special pur- 
pose? In that way Aid Societies and others could know, 
at all times, just where to send their donations." 

Blue Ridge College, Md., is just beginning a $200,000 en- 
dowment campaign. It ought to be successful and there- 
fore, of course, it will be. And the same is true of the like 
campaigns which other schools are making. But is this 
a good time for these movements? It is,— the very best. 
For this is the time for sacrifice, the time for unselfish 
devotion to the common good, the time to do great things 
for the Kingdom of God. Now is always the best time to do 
anything that needs to be done. " Do it cheerfully, do it 
liberally, do it promptly." 

The Religious Publicity Service of the Federal Council 
of the Churches of Christ in America has organized what 
it calls the " Strengthen America Campaign." The purpose 
of this movement is to present "through the advertising 
columns of daily and weekly newspapers during an entire 
year, the arguments which will convince men and women 
of the economic loss and social and moral wreckage 
wrought by the liquor traffic." From the samples we have 
seen we judge the material to be of high quality and pre- 
sented in a very attractive manner. The point of general 
interest is that this matter may be secured without expense 
by anyone wishing to use it. Write to the Strengthen 
America Campaign, 105 East Twenty-second Street, New 
York. , 

A timely word of caution is voiced by the editor of the 
"Herald of Gospel Liberty" in the following: "Is it 
fair? Is it right? We mean, to designate so many things 
as the Gospel? We hear of the Gospel of toil, the, Gos- 
pel of hard work, the Gospel of horse sense, and beside 
these there are many other Gospels of a similar class. 
Now, we do not say that these things might not be hon- 
ored by the word Gospel, but why try to appropriate the 
one glorious name given to the good news of salvation to 
so many other things? Why not get some other name for 
these and keep the one good old word Gospel for the 
good news of salvation as sent to a lost world? Do let 
us leave at least this distinguishing mark to the great 
offer of eternal life to as many as believe." 

At the Wichita Conference a Rural Life Committee was 
appointed at an informal gathering of those interested in 
rural church problems. This committee consists of Bro. 
A. P. Blough, chairman, Bro. Virgil C. Finnell. secretary, 
and Bro. Otho Winger. Last week the committee met at 
Elgin and fornnilated a blank for the use of those who de- 
sire to make a survey of their community. The blank is 
of the loose-leaf variety. 6x9'/S inches in size, and is con- 
venient, not only in making the census, but for future ref- 
erence. While, tentatively, only a limited number of the 
blanks have been printed, the committee would be pleased 
to send a sample to all who are interested, on condition 
that the recipient will carefully examine the same, and of- 
fer suggestions, if any. A large number of trie blanks will 
be printed as soon as the committee is satisfied, by the 
opinions submitted, that the form is as pearly correct as, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 


German Women Want Peace 
War's heaviest burden has fallen, undoubtedly, upon the 
women, — especially the mothers. For them the heavy 
drain of war upon the country's resources lias meant un- 
told privation, of which even the soldier in the trenches 
knows but little. Of late, however, a noticeable spirit of 
unrest is making itself felt, and it has been given expres- 
sion in the following strongly-supported manifesto: "We 
women want peace. Not one single moment longer than 
is necessary shall our children starve, shall our fathers 
and brothers be exposed to the most horrible of deaths. 
Wc shall tolerate no further war-making for the sake 
of conquest; wc shall insist on a peace by understanding. 
The authorities shall shortly hear more of the working 

Leading Liquor Paper Admits Defeat 
"The Champion of Fair Play," a noted organ of the 
retail liquor trade, speaks pessimistically of the future, 
Hn a recent issue, admitting, inferentially, that a dry nation 
iis now certain. Inadvertently, perhaps, it bestows high 
praise upon the Anti-Saloon League for its efficiency. Re- 
ferring to the passage of the Constitutional Amendment, 
it makes use of the following words in its heading: "Anti- 
Saloon League— You Crack the Whip Weill Statesmen 
Hop When Your Whip Cracks. You Know Your Busi- 
ness." Later on it says: "Our compliments are extended 
to the Anti-Saloon League for its efficiency, and its 
knowledge of the Congressional heart." It is readily seen 
that some one has been sorely hit. The admissions made 
by the editor are most illuminating. 

Georgia's Jails for Rent 
According to a recent announcement, Judge Ben Hill's 
/ision of the Superior Court of Georgia closed for a week 
d a day in the middle of a usually busy fall term be- 
usc there were no criminals to try. The court officials 
d attaches had only one explanation to offer for this 
3St peculiar state of affairs, — the impartial enforcement 
the bone-dry liquor law. To see a "For Rent" sign 
a county jail is a decidedly "new experience for the peo- 
? of the State, but only a few of the citizens,— mostly 
ose "of the baser sort," — have any criticism to offer, 
isiness men in Georgia, as elsewhere, are unanimous in 
daring that business has greatly improved with the 
)sing of the saloons. Decency and sobriety always dem- 
strate their value to all concerned. 

The Passing of India's Caste 
Competent judges of religious and social conditions in 
India, are unanimous in predicting that the caste system 
will sustain its death-blow by conditions resultant from 
the war. Indian troops, serving with the allied armies in 
Europe, have necessarily abandoned all caste consider- 
ations. The close contact of the representatives of vari- 
ous castes in the trenches, has taught these men, long 
separated by the impassable gulf of caste, the lesson of 
human comradeship. No longer can they insist upon 
their old exclusiveinjss, which caused them to stand aloof 
from members of another caste. The broad spirit of 
universal brotherhood will teach them lessons they never 
learned before. They will reach out to each other in 
ways of real helpfulness to which they 'were hitherto 

Decadence of Family Religion 
A writer in the "Christian Register" deplores the evi- 
dent decadence of practical religion in most of the house- 
holds of today. He maintains that one hundred years ago 
family worship, personal Bible study, private prayer, grace 
at meals, and church-going by the entire family,— no mat- 
ter what the weather,— were taken as a matter of course. 
But what of today? The mother, perhaps, still goes, 
while the father does not pretend to go regularly. The 
children consider that their whole duty is done when 
they have, perfunctorily, attended Sunday-school. Sad- 
dest of all is the fact that in many cases the parents are 
wholly unconcerned about their children's spiritual wel- 
fare. It would seem that a renewed sense of parental 
responsibility should restore religion to its lawful sphere 

in the home. 

" Conscientious Objectors " Approved Of 
While it is to be regretted that opponents of the war 
•spirit are too often referred to by the term above quoted, 
in a derisive or contemptuous manner, such is not the 
disposition of those who have learned the true worth of 
these faithful upholders of New Testament teachings on 
peace and nonresistance. Here is the testimony of Cap- 
tain Stephen Gruyun, a British officer, in a short address 
before the House of Commons: "These nonresistant peo- 
ple are not a blight upon the community. They may yet 
prove to be the very salt of the community. These peo- 
ple whom we propose to reject as outcasts of the State, 
may yet prove to be the best people, to help in the fight 
to make an end of war, finally and forever." Commander 
Wedgewood offered these words of approval : "I am 
prouder of my country than ever before, because it has 

produced people who, because of their conscientious prin- 
ciples, are opposed to war, and who are willing to face 
a long term of imprisonment, rather than to renounce 
their long-cherished principles. Martyrs of this sort are 
an eloquent testimony to the genuineness of the faith they 
have espoused." 

The Boys Who Succeeded 
A leading magazine publishes a list of fifty of the most 
prominent leaders of finance and business in the United 
States, as selected by a popular vote of its readers. Of 
the fifty "captains of finance and industry," twenty-four 
were shown to be sons of parents in decidedly limited cir- 
.cumstances. and doubtless their children had been thor- 
oughly trained in the school of adversity. Nine of the 
prominent men of finance had rich parents, but seventeen 
had parents only" moderately well-to-do. There is only 
one schoolteacher in the list of these boys who achieved 
fame. Eight of the boys started on their career of dis- 
tinction in the humble calling of a grocery delivery boy. 
Seemingly the up-hil! road of poverty and privation is no 
handicap to worthy achievement, but rather a decided 
spur to higher attainments. 


An Interesting Exhibit 

years ago a census was taken of ; 

area in the South, to ascertain what papers the tax-pay- 
ing element in that vicinity was subscribing for. It was 
shown that 88.4 per cent supported the little country week- 
lies; 70.1 per cent, the religious weeklies; 49.9 per cent, 
the various dailies; 30.1 per cent, the agricultural publi- 
cations; and so on, down the list. What we desire to em- 
phasize more especially, however, is the fact that religious 
publications, somehow or other, are very close to the 
hearts of the people. If we add, to the 70.1 per cent, 
mentioned above, the Sunday-school periodicals, quarter- 
lies, etc., so universally circulated, we have a most sig- 
nificant showing. Seasons of quiet, devotional meditation 
demand the spiritual food provided in the church and 
Sunday-school literature of the day; and nothing else will 

fill the bill. 

Necessities and Luxuries 
Much is being said, nowadays, about the giving up of 
" luxuries," but when you endeavor to define the term, 
there is a wide divergence of opinion. What our fathers 
regarded as luxuries, many people of today consider as 
actual necessities, with many other things added. The 
progress of so-called civilization demands certain things 
which, while" not absolutely necessary, must be indulged 
in to comply with the conventionalities of the present age. 
But where are we to draw the line, when the Govern- 
ment comes to us with its insistent demand: "Con- 
serve"? May wc not well reflect, occasionally, whether 
the many things deemed indispensable, are really such? 
The Belgians, Poles, Armenians, and others, are subsist- 
ing on a mere pittance, and it would seem that wc might 
well take a close survey of ourselves and our way of 
living, to eliminate all that is useless. 

Long-Lived Seeds 
There has been much argument, pro and con, regarding 
the actual life of seeds. There have been at least sev- 
eral authentic instances of wheat grains, taken from Egyp- 
tian mummy cases, thousands of years old, germinating 
when planted. Some years ago a lawn was plowed up, 
adjacent to a country residence in England, and turned 
into a rose-garden. To the owner's great astonishment, 
however, the ground was covered with the most exquisite 
pansies the following spring. For over a century the 
ground had remained undisturbed, and no pansy seed had 
been sown anywhere near. The only explanation was found 
in the fact that since some previous period, — more than 
a century ago, — the seed had lain buried in the ground, 
retaining its vitality all the while, and springing into life 
at the first opportunity. What a lesson this teaches to 
him who trustingly sows seeds of loving-kindness in the 
spiritual realm! "In the morning sow thy seed, and in 
the evening withhold not thine hand." 

Y. M. C. A. Work in the Cantonments 
In response to an inquiry, as to the religious phase of 
the Y. M. C. A. work among the drafted men of the Train- 
ing Camps of the United States^ we submit the following 
brief description: The universal aim of the Association 
work in all the Cantonments of the new national -army is 
expressed in the slogan: "A Bible Class in Every Com- 
pany and a Testament in Every Soldier's Pocket." These 
Bible classes are organized by the Association Secretaries 
after the men in each company have been personally inter- 
viewed, in order to discover how many of them are at- 
tracted by this sort'of interest. It is found not only that 
all churchmen in the ranks are ready for such an organ- 
ization, but that many men, hitherto irreligious, are quite 
willing to join in a study of the Bible. The courses of 
study chosen usually deal with the life of Christ, or fol- 
low a textbook specially prepared by a Plattsburg officer, 
mainly emphasizing the highest religious ideals. In re- 
gard to Testaments, the Association is strongly in favor 
of living up to the motto referred to above, and yet it 
does not deem an indiscriminate distribution of Testa- 
ments as being conducive to the best results. It gives 

out Testaments only on the promise that they will be well 
taken care of and attentively read. In this way it is 
hoped not to waste Testaments on men who have not, as 
yet, learned to value them as being helpful in their high- 
est spiritual development. All Testaments distributed by 
the Y. M. C. A., are furnished free of charge by the" 
American Bible Society, which has agreed to provide a 
million copies. It is gratifying, indeed, to note that help- 
ful influences are thus being exercised in the various 
Camps, and that salutary results will doubtless follow. 

Woman Suffrage Bill Passed by the House 
Jan. 10 the Susan B. Anthony amendment to the Federal 
Constitution, granting suffrage to women, was approved 
by the House of Representatives. The amendment now 
goes to the Senate, after which, if favorably acted upon, 
it will have to be approved by the requisite two-thirds 
majority of the different States of the Union. That the 
granting of the ballot to the women of our land is a 
measure of supreme importance, is admitted by all 
thoughtful minds. It means the opening of a door of op- 
portunity to a large and influential body of voters, hith- 
erto debarred because their respective States failed to 
confer the privilege. With a general franchise extension 
to the " gentler sex," many reform measures can eventu- 
ally be passed, materially tending to the salutary reno- 

Up-to-Date Church Methods 
It is a common criticism by the business world, that the 
church fails to make the most of its opportunities be- 
cause it neglects to employ modern advertising methods. 
Greater publicity of its claims is being urged as the most 
essential means of impressing the merits of religion up- 
on the masses. This calls to mind a recent offer of the 
National Bill Posters' Association of America. This con- 
cern proposes to place, free of charge, upon every bill- 
board of sufficient size in the United States, a twenty-four 
sheet poster, urging people to go to church, — all this pro- 
vided the church people will defray the actual expense of 
printing these posters. Up to a recent date, however, no 
responses to the generous offer have been received. And 
yet the invitation, thus extended, might make a strong 
appeal to the passers-by. 

Closing the Churches to Save Fuel 
At this critical time, when the fuel question is alarm- 
ingly acute, there is a strong pressure to close the church- 
es to conserve coal. While we admit that the authorities 
have a perfect right to make a request of that sort, there 
is also another legitimate consideration that should not 
be lost sight of— churches should not be asked to close 
until every institution of less value to the community has 
closed. Only in case of a dire need of fuel under those 
circumstances, has any one a right to ask that the church- 
es be closed. As yet, we have not had any intimation to 
the effect that saloons should close their doors. These 
dens of iniquity are open from sixteen to eighteen hours 
per day, six days of the week, while the churches arc open 
a few hours _per week only. Strange, indeed, that fuel 
administrators have singled out the churches, totally over- 
looking the pernicious saloons and the baneful breweries. 
Why not apply the remedial measure of conservation 
where it is most needed? Then, too, there are the pool 
and billiard rooms, theaters, moving picture shows, and 
all other affairs of that sort. All these could be closed 
to the great advantage of the entire community. Not 
only would it conserve fuel, but also would it tend to the 
decided uplift of the community by the neutralization of 

Yielding Individual Rights 
Whatever our personal conceptions may be, as to indi- 
vidual rights, one thing is sure, at this time of national 
emergency, — the general public good is paramount to any 
preference that individuals may have. This is not a time 
to insist upon any rights to which we may consider 
ourselves entitled. Great Britain and France have learned 
that lesson most thoroughly, since entering into the war. 
In the interest of the people in general, it has become 
necessary to limit the prices at which necessaries of life 
may be sold, and those who deviate from the specified 
amounts are dealt with as extortioners, and punished ac- 
cordingly. In the United States we have the same prob- 
lem, and the authorities will ere long control every im- 
portant industry and its output, just as they already con- 
trol the railroads. This, of course, does not mean that 
the Government proposes wholly to deprive the citizens 
of the lawful property they may claim, but it does mean 
a more intensive recognition of Christian stewardship.— 
a more complete establishment of the brotherhood spirit 
as it should exist between members of a common family. 
In cases of urgent necessity, no man's goods are for 
himself alone, but for all. Perhaps our readers may not 
have thought of the matter in just this way, but the great 
world war is teaching the larger and more important doc- 
trine of fraternity, which is a better word. even, than 
democracy. When, by and by, this desire "for the com- 
mon good" is developed to its logical climax, there will 
remain no room in mankind's brain and heart, politics 
and business, for the extreme selfishness that so long has 
paj»ded under the cloak of "personal liberty." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 


Invisible Idols 

A horror we have of idols, 

Idols of wood and of stone. 
Which ignorant men bow down to 

Instead of to God alone. 
Awful the worship to Baal, 

To Dagon wc could not bow. 
Yet, in the life we are living, 

Have wc not idols now? 
Not in the gay-painted image, 

Not m the sunlight above, 
Yet is there not in our hearts hid 

Some cherished idol wc love? 
And though you do not embrace it, 

Or worship on bended knee, 
That small, invisible idol 

Is standing between God and thee. 

Break it, oh, come, let us break it, 

As they did the idols of old, 
And up from the scattered fragments 
Shall rise God's altar of gold, 
sburg, Pa. 

day-school of the Church of the Brethren, this year, 
should not use " Foundation Truths " or " The Child's 
Life of Christ " or both? How will we decide? Con- 
sider the child first. " For my child's sake, I will." 

To Jesus, the child was all important. Is it so to 
you and me, as well? 

Syracuse, Jnd. 

For the Child's Sake 


At a Conference on Elementary Teaching in the 
Sunday-school, a speaker, trying to place special em- 
phasis on the necessity of more thorough study on 
the part of the teacher, made this statement, 
" (Probably) For my sake. I won't; 
(But) For my child's sake, I will." 

As I was thinking of our duty, as well as privilege, 
in using our new Graded Lessons for the little folks 
in our Sunday-schools, I wondered if this thought 
might help us to see the condition as it really exists. 

Dear Sunday-school teacher, — ivhy do you not want 
to teach the Graded Lessons, rather than the Uniform 
Lessons, — many of which are not possibly adapted to 
the child mind? One very general complaint I have 
heard is: " Our teachers say it requires too much time 
and work. There are no picture charts to go with 
them, and they can not interest their children without 
the charts." So, then, the fault lies with the teacher, 
does it not. rather than with the child or lesson? 

We never hear the answer: "The lessons are not 
good for our children," or " Our children do not like 
the lessons," — but, " Our teachers refuse to do the 
work necessary." Then, for this reason, hundreds of 
little folks, four to eight years old, are taught Sen- 
nacherib's Invasion of Judah, Manasseh's Sin and Re- 
pentance, and The Captivity of Judah, rather than 
such beautiful Graded Lessons as " God, the Provider 
of Clothing," " Our Homes the Gift of God," " How 
God Is Our Teacher," or " The Book God Gave Us." 
What good, helpful, spiritual lessons are your children 
getting, while gazing at pictures of armies drawn up in 
battle array, or kings in highly-colored royal robes ? 
True, the children are looking, and probably listening, 
but what are they getting that is really worth while? 

What is teaching, after all? A teacher has her little 
folks before her while she stands and points at a pic- 
ture, questioning thus : " Who is this, and this, and 
that? " " What are these people doing? " " What did 
this man do last Sunday? " The lesson is over. Vers- 
es are recited, pennies are collected, papers and cards 
arc distributed, — and the class is dismissed, but what 
have the children learned? Have they received any- 
thing more helpful or beautiful than the lessons of 
" Foundation Truths"? The relation of the child to 
iH own family, its home and surroundings; God, the 
Creator of all, and the Giver of everything we know 
and enjoy ; heaven and its joys and people, followed by 
such rich Thanksgiving and Christmas lessons, are just 
what every child needs, to help him to know and love 
God truly. Will I deny my pupils of this, their right, 
because I would rather let them look at a picture than 
to teach them a lesson? Will you? 

The New Year is now with us. Are we looking 
forward with joy to the teaching of the Life of Jesus 
to our children, or will we follow the path of least 
resistance and continue giving them food they can not 
assimilate? Is there any good reason why any Sun- 

Talking About Folks 


I have, for many years, believed gossip to be one of 
the great sins, not to say crimes, committed by people 
against their fellows. It is a miserable business for a 
set of people to get together and say unkind, often 
false and cruel, things, respecting those who are ab- 

Of course, it is the habit of a coward, for those who 
speak evil of persons while they are absent, are never 
those who kindly and faithfully warn them when they 
are present. It is almost always the habit of a liar, 
for those who feel free to speak evil of persons not 
present, seldom or never take measures to know 
whether what they say is true or false. To such cir- 
cumstances falsehood is common if not universal. 

In the third place the gossip is always malicious. It 
is not a compliment to human nature to say that, but I 
think universal experience proves it to be true. Those 
who talk much nbout people, usually talk to their dis- 
advantage and they never talk from a sense of duty, a 
desire to benefit the persons the)' slander, or others. 
They talk as they talk because it is easy, and because 
it gratifies the small and malicious spirits which they 

I do not remember who first said the sentence I am 
about to repeat, but it is a forceful and picturesque 
statement of the fact in the case. He said : " The one 
who speaks and the one who listens to slander should 
be hung up back to back, the one by the tongue and 
the other by his ear." This is not a very nice thing to 
say, but the speaker was not talking about a nice thing 
and therefore had to do as well as he could. 
This Is Not a New Thing 

I have not written the above because I imagine my- 
self to be conveying information. I do not now aspire 
to teach, but to remind. All thoughtful people know 
that what I have said is true. Reputations are blasted, 
hopes are destroyed, lives themselves sacrificed by the 
infamous practice of which I am speaking and all peo- 
ple who think at all, know that this is true, yet the 
miserable habit continues. What ought we to do 
about it? 

I remark, first, that we ought to desire and expect 
its destruction. No Christian man or woman has a 
right to believe that any evil is to continue indefinitely 
in this world. What dishonors God and injures man, 
is doomed, and all people who love either God or man 
ought to demand and to proclaim the abolition of all 
evil until all evil perishes. It is really an atheism to 
doubt the triumph of righteousness among men. It 
argues that God is evil in character or deficient in pow- 
er to oppose. The iniquities are to prevail for his own 
purpose. God permits them but he permits them for a 
time. Belshazzar may reign and feast, but there will 
come a time in which -Belshazzar must die. So it is 
with gossip and so it is with all other iniquities. 

Second. We ought to teach men how to avoid gos- 
sip. I do not believe that it is generally the result of 
intentional and deliberate malice. I believe that the 
gossiper is envious and jealous. He forgets God and 
thinks about human beings, but it is not my belief that, 
conscientiously and deliberately, he sets about his 
mean and wicked work. If more gossips knew that 
they were gossips and knew how to be something else, 
I believe they would. And it is with this thought in 
mind that I have written these words and sent them 
out to accomplish such good as God wills among the 

Gossip is the occupation of ill-informed minds. Per- 
sons who are not well read, who know little about na- 
ture, history, science, and art, naturally gravitate to- 
ward talk about individuals. It is easy to talk. The 
tongue can run without effort, and if persons do not 
know about things or events, it is practically certain 
that they will talk about people. 

The first thing to be done, therefore, by the gossip 
who desires to reform, after having ascertained that he 
is a gossip, is to insist with himself on silence and 
thought. If the tongue is turned loose and permitted 
to run where and as long as it will, without direction 
of reason or restraint of understanding, it is certain' 
that it will be doing things which a decent tongue 
would never do. 

In the next place, the one who desires to cease from' 
gossip should busy himself with laying in a store of 
topics for profitable conversation. He should prepare 
himself for occasions when he knows he is to meet- 
persons. He should not expect to discourse upon the 
same theme with the aged and the young, with the 
mechanic and with the professional man. If one wish- 
es to speak helpfully, he must take a little time to know 
about what he will speak and what he will say. If the 
gossip replies that this would involve labor and time, 
the answer is. " It certainly would," and the answer 
further is, " It is well worth all the time and the labor 
it would cost." 

In the third place, the one who desires not to be a 
gossip, should make it a rule to learn something from 
all persons with whom he is permitted to converse. If 
he puts himself in the attitude of a learner, the tempta- 
tion to malicious, false and deadly talk will be much 
less. If we are providentially associating with a sailor, 
we may ask about ships and the sea and foreign lands. 
If we are providentially thrown into contact with an 
artist, we may inquire about pictures, sculptures and 
the makers. If we are associating with mechanics, it 
will be profitable and pleasant to think of bridges or 
buildings or railways and canals. If we are conversing 
with children, we may inquire concerning their studies 
and concerning their sports, and concerning their plans 
in life. 

I have been privileged to associate with many hun- 
dreds, — I suppose thousands, — of persons in my life, 
and I have never spent half an hour with any one 
without learning things which were both pleasant and 
profitable. I believe that others, even if they are much 
more learned and wise than I, could do the same. 
Be Careful About Table Talk 

I close this bit of exhortation and testimony with a 
remark nbout this important subject. There are sev- 
eral ways in which wc may spend the time at fable. 
We may be silent, — some people are. This seems to 
reduce the meals of human beings to the level of ani- 
mals feeding. Qf course, if there are reasons for si- 
lent thinking, this remark need not be considered. But 
generally, when people sit at table together, they are 
expected to talk, and they do talk. 

In the next place, I think the testimony of all who 
read these words will be that there is great danger of 
gossip on these occasions, — that these times, which 
might be filled with useful, happy, helpful conversa- 
tion, are often injurious from every point of view. 
We ought to, therefore, prepare with some thought 
for our table talk. 

A little care on the part of those who naturally lead 
in table talk, may turn association in eating into de- 
lightful intellectual and spiritual experiences. In sev- 
eral homes, with which I have been acquainted, it has 
been the custom for any one to propound any question 
in which he was interested. I think it would be diffi- 
cult to name any religious, social, political or educa- 
tional question which has not been taken up in these 
homes. Some of the discussions have been most in- 
teresting and all have been profitable. Any one of 
them has been better than saying unkind things about 
our fellow-men. 

" Honor to Whom Honor Is Due " 

I remind you, in conclusion, that it is always in or- 
der to say a kind thing which is true, either to or about 
any one, and it is especially wise and Christian and 
helpful to say these kind things to people. I remember 
to have heard Francis Murphy, the great temperance 
advocate, say: "I want my flowers while I am living. I 
would rather a little child would bring me a weed, 
with a loving face and kind word, than to have some- 
body bring a whole bushel of flowers and throw them 
on my coffin saying, ' There now, smell of them.' " 

I suppose few people have said what Mr. Murphy 
did but I am certain that many have thought it. There 
are sore hearts by tens of thousands, in this world to- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 

day, which would become healed and happy, if some 
people would simply speak out the kind things they 
really think and feel, but which they do not utter. Is 
it not pathetic that human hearts should be hungering 
and dying for a word of appreciation which could be 
so truthfully given at so cheap a rate? 

I never speak on this subject without thinking of 
a dear old mother who was dying after raising to hon- 
orable manhood six stalwart sons. They had come 
home to be with her during her last moments and she 
was looking with hungry eyes for love tokens which 
might have been given, but which had been long de- 

Her oldest son, a bearded man, passed his hand over 
her death-dewed forehead and said to her : " Mother, 
I do not see how we are going to get on without you ; 
you have always been so good a mother to us." 

He paused, and great tears pushed out from under 
the mother's eye-lids and ran across the wasted cheeks. 
She opened her eyes, looked searchingly into his and 
:said: "My boy, do you really feel that way?" 

He said : " Mother, indeed we do ; we have spoken 
■of it often among ourselves, what a good and faithful 
another you have been." 

Again the big tears ran over the wasted cheeks, and 
once more she opened her eyes and looked into the 
face of her first born. She said : " My boy, God knows 
that this is the one thing for which I have longed and 
prayed ; that I might be a good mother to you six boys. 
When you were well and when you were sick, when 
you were little and when you were larger, I prayed 
God every day to make me a good mother. I have of- 
ten wondered whether I had succeeded or not, for not 
one of you ever told me this until now." 

Is it not unspeakably pitiful that this dear mother, 
through all the years of patient, loving service, longed 
for words of appreciation which never came until 
death was at hand ? 

If the people who read these words will do two 
things, I will promise them two things: First, if they 
will religiously avoid any unkind word which does not 
need to be spoken, and, second, if they will speak any 
kind word which they have a right to say, I will insure 
them a great increase of real happiness and a wonder- 
ful usefulness among those who, in the providence of 
God, are next to them in the path of human life. 

Wheaton, III. 

mion service, usually held on the third Sun- 

nber, was postponed until the close of the 

series of meetings. I,t was held on Sunday evening, Dec. 

23. The service was a very impressive one. Our pastor, 

Bro. Long, officiated. Geo. W. Rogers. 

805 Second Street, Juniata, Pa., Jan. 2. 



Sunday, Dec. 16, closed a very successful revival in the 
Altoona congregation, held in the new church building 
at Sixth Avenue and Fifth Street. Bro. J. H. Cassady, 
pastor of the Juniata College church, conducted these 
evangelistic meetings for us. He began on Sunday even- 
ing, Nov. 18, immediately following the dedication of .the 

Bro. Cassady delivered soul-inspiring sermons, founded 
only on the plain Gospel of Jesus Christ. Many of the 
doctrines of the Bible were made so plain by him that 
souls were convinced of the Truth as never before. Thir- 
ty-seven sermons were preached in all, including three 
sermons each Sunday. The afternoon sermons were par- 
ticularly strong in exposing the prevalent sins of the 
day. The first sermon strongly emphasized the great im- 
portance of special prayer in every individual Christian's 
life for an effectual, spiritual and soul-saving campaign. 
Many querfes, bearing upon Bible truths, were given to 
Bro. Cassady to answer, and he especially devoted the 
greater part of two evenings to that purpose. 

The large auditorium, Sunday-school and galleries were 
filled a number of times, and some could not be admitted 
on account of the house being filled to its utmost capacity. 

The combined efforts of Bro. Cassady and the local 
church brought many souls to the Cross, and they were 
made willing to accept Jesus Christ as their Savior. In 
all one hundred and four souls came forward, a few of 
whom have not yet been baptized. 

Bro. Cassady is not a sensationalist, nor one to create 
an excitement, but by his intense sincerity and interest in 
the Lord's work, and his ability to present the simple 
truths of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, he commands the 
interest and attention of large assemblies of people. 

The local church, undoubtedly, is grateful for the great 
spiritual uplift which has come into its life during these 
special efforts, and its aim should be to maintain that 
fervent love and interest in saving souls and building them 
up in the most holy faith. 


Perhaps it would be more psychological to speak of the 
opportunities of Southern Indiana. Yet it may be worth 
something to us to know just what problems we have be- 
fore us, so that we can go resolutely about overcoming 
them. At the District Meeting of two years ago we held 
a conference at which the special advantages and needs 
of each congregation were given. At that meeting the 
needs of our mission field were laid upon my heart in such 
a way that the burden has remained with me ever since. 
Let me make it clear at the start, however, that I believe 
any of our problems can be solved by intelligent effort; so 
they may as well be called opportunities. 

At our last District Meeting it was felt that the needs 
of the District Mission field are not placed before the 
members. Many wealthy brethren would give more lib- 
erally, no doubt, if they could see the great need and that 
their means would relieve that need. If any are holding 
back their gifts, waiting for visible results of the efforts, 
they should give more liberally, so that the work can be 
carried on as it should be. Then results will be more 
visible. There can be no better place to invest money 
than in a soul-saving enterprise. Moreover, there is no 
reason why a dollar, invested in Southern Indiana, should 
not do as much, if not more good, than a like amount in 
any other field. 

We have an unusually large field. Our strong congrega- 
tions are located in a. narrow strip across the northern 
part of the District, while in the large territory south of 
this, there are only a few mission churches. These have 
been here for some time, but have never grown into self- 
supporting churches. It is fairly easy for the Mission 
Board to get ministers to go to these places for a few 
times, but it. is hard to find those who are willing to spend 
years or lives in the service. When a brother goes on 
Saturday to a distant church, to preach on Sunday, then 
on Monday morning rushes back to the cares of his home, 
the railroad company receives more benefit than any one 
else. The need is for a well-trained minister and wife to 
live among these people. Young man, are you looking 
for a big job? Do not let the romance of the distant scene 
blind you to the opportunities near your door. We would 
not keep any away from the foreign field to work in ours; 
there are enough who stay in the homeland. But bear in 
mind that the home missionary, as well as the foreign 
missionary, is one who is sent, not one who settles in 
prosperity and ease in the home neighborhood. 

The Brethren are noted for being a prosperous people. 
This is well and good, but many of us are so anxious 
about being "well fixed" that we will not move into these 
needy places because the land is not the best. Not only 
ministers could be used, but other members would be 
quite useful in the Sunday-school and other activities of 
the church. We feel this need most keenly here, at the 
Little Walnut church. We have the only Sunday-school 
in Clinton township. It has been organized less than a 
year. Good farmers are needed in many places, to study 
the soil and improve it, so that it will support the natural 
increase of population. 

The above are some of our persistent problems. We 
also have special advantages over other fields. Let us, by 
prayerful and cooperated effort, solve these problems to 
the honor and glory of God. Wm. J. Tinkle. 

Grcencastle, Ind. 

The Rocky Ford Church of the Brethren is located in 
a city of about 5,000 inhabitants. While our church build- 
ing is located in town, a large number of our members 
live in the country. Our membership at present numbers 
about 185, but are much scattered, — some living from ten 
to forty-five miles from the church. 

We have a well-organized Sunday-school, with an aver- 
age attendance of about 100. We are using the Brethren 
Graded Lessons in the beginners' classes and expect to 
use the graded work for the primary classes the coming 

We also have a good Christian Workers' Society and a 
live Junior Band. The Juniors have an average attend- 


The Sisters' Aid Society has regular meetings and does 
much good work, such as sewing for the needy, making 
articles of clothing, etc., for sale, and sewing on garments 
for the Red Cross. We have a midweek prayer meeting. 

During the past year thirty-six have been received into 
the church by baptism and fifteen by letter. Thirteen 
letters have been granted. 

The church has given for mission work. $486.06. beside 
individual donations, and about $215 for home charity. 

We also have placed a new baptistry in the church, 
have put in electric fans in the main auditorium, purchased 
new carpet and have newly papered the Sunday-school 

two picnics,— one for the whole school July 4, and one for 
primary scholars and mothers in August. 

The year has brought us many joys and blessings, 
among which was a splendid revival, conducted by Bro. O. 
If. Feiler, of Hutchinson, Kans., Bible-land talks by Bro. 
D. L. Miller, educational addresses by Brethren D. W. 
Kurtz and W. O. Bcckner, Sunday-school lectures by Bro! 
J. Clyde Forney and sermons by different visiting breth- 

Bro. Andrew Miller, of Ordway (a mission point about 
twelve miles north), delivered our Thanksgiving sermon. 
We also had a Thanksgiving program by the Junior Band 
and a Christmas program by the Sunday-school. 

Our two home ministers, Brethren G. E. Studcbaker and 
D. V. Hamm, have filled our appointments, with some 
outside ones occasionally. 

Early next summer we expect Bro. A. G. Crosswhite, of 
Roaring Spring, Pa., to locate with us and put in his full 
time on pastoral work,- as this is a large field and calls 
for the individual attention of a minister. 

Rocky Ford, Colo., Dec. 28. Blanche Frantz. 

The Mission Band, from Manchester, rendered a 
did program on Nov. 25. An offering of $10.28 wa: 
for mission work. Bro. Ezra Flory came the next 
day, Thanksgiving, to conduct a Bible Institute, 
session was held in the afternoon, and in the evenini 
services were held, conducted by the Presbyteria 
ister. An offering of $14.83 was taken. The Bible 
tute continued until Sunday evening, with three 
each day. We were all greatly benefited by th 



met in council Dec. 29. with our elder. 
Bro. W. L. Hatcher, presiding. We had with us also the 
following elders: Bro. J. H. Wright, of North Manchester; 
Bro. Ira Kreider, of Bringhurst; Bro. J. G. Stinebaugh, of 
Camden; Bro. Jesse Barnhart, of Pyrmont. Bro. Lat- 
chaw, whose time expired on the finance committee, was 
reelected; Bro. Jesse Bydler was elected on the 
ministerial committee, to take the place of Bro. 
John Vetters, who moved to California. Church 
trustees were elected as follows: Bro. Isaac Gochenour 
for three years, Jesse Latchaw for two years, and Jesse 
Bydler for one year. The committee appointed to se- 
cure a brother to hold Bible Institute were Brethren Har- 
ry Gochenour, Dennis Hufford and Ira Metzger. The In- 
stitute will be held next Thanksgiving, 1918. Bro. Har- 
ry Gochenour was elected Sunday-school superintendent 
and the writer, church correspondent. The church took up 
an offering of $28.12 for the poor fund. An offering of 
$63, was taken to help pay for the churchhouse at Ko- 

Two brethren were called to the deacon's office- 
Brethren Harry Gochenour and John Skyles. They, with 
their wives, were duly installed with Bro. John Wright in 
charge. Sunday morning Bro. Wright preached an in- 
spiring sermon. He also spoke in the evening during the 
hour of the Christian Workers' Meeting, about his trip to 
Camp Taylor. His talk was very interesting. Following 
this meeting, the Mission Band from Bethany Bible 
School rendered a splendid program. An offering of $16.- 
03 was taken for missions. Ella Hatcher. 

Rossville. Ind., Dec. 31. 


The Annnnl Snntlnv-aehoot Institute of the First District o 
Virginia will be held at the Peters Creek Church 
County, Va„ on Friday and Saturday. Tan. 25 and 20, 

! Needs of the 


:80, Devotional.— J. A. Pore. 1:45, C 

irne.— ,T. E. Miller. 2:80. The Forward Movement 2:45. Rnsl- 

* Session: (a) Report of Itinerary, (b) Report of Department 

R: 1", Aitioiirnmpnt. 

: for the support i 

eleet a deleenl 

ne Is lnylterl to attend, nod especially "11 Knnday-sehoo] woi 
rs and ministers. 

All parties coming by rait will be met at Peters Creek Stat! 
n the Salem ear line. Write Price o,r*t, Salem. Va.. Route 
f your coming. C. S. Ikenberry. District Secretary 

The Annual Special Rlble Term of Dalevllle College will be held 

lectures dally on Sunday-school and 

Ida C. Stnimnkcr will represent the mlsslr 
n series of talks on India's needs and genet 
Jeets. There 

In Dalevllle College. 

the several Districts Is 

cntprtntnment, while i 

During the past 


Sunday-school has had 

• ■let n r.-fv..- ,t,i ■, I I. .- „!,,,.„ ,i,t,ri .mm. nr, v. 11 ,.,v ......... 

will be free. All are Invited to attend, especjell! I 

Sunday-school worker*. Accommodations are provided tor an. 

Write u« when 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 


Since our last report we have organized our young peo- 
ple into a working body, to have them become "available 
for the needs of our church and the glory of God. Through 
prayer and cooperation, a body of twenty-six young peo- 
ple, ranging in age from thirteen to thirty, has been or- 
ganized. A second meeting was held Dec. 28, when the 
number reached thirty. A constitution and by-laws were 
adopted, as per Brethren booklet. The Christian Work- 
ers' Booklet will be used as a basis of program work. 
Friday evening, Jan. 4, we expect to complete our organ- 
ization and enter upon a campaign against the evils 
threatening our young people,— moving picture shows, 
the dance, the pool-room, etc., which make the work of 
the pastor difficult in a large city. 

Thursday evening, Dec. 27, we had our Christmas enter- 
tainment which brought out an audience of about 350 par- 
ents and children. The committees deserve credit for the 
rendering of the excellent program. All were treated to 
a fine box of chocolates, and a number of merited pres- 
ents were given for special work done during the year. 
This was one of the most inspiring Christmas exercises 1 
ever attended. W. F. Spidle. 

2541 W. Lehigh Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 29. 

all under the superintending care of the well-suited super- 
intendents and the matron. The £ick, too, have special 
nurses. The trustees have done well in their care and 
maintenance of this most splendid " Home for the Aged." 
The best proof of this is found in the fact that the mod- 
erately well-to-do, as well as those more needy, have made 
two additions necessary, and the third building is now 
under way by the trustees, to provide for the increasing 
requirements. The church can nowhere better manifest 
the spirit of the Christ, than to let its light shine as the 
" Bethlehem Star," over " the least of these my brethren." 
Westminster, Md. Win. E. Roop. 

Our boys were not forgotten at Chri 


made glad for the many beautiful Christmas messages 
sent us by our many friends. Almost every boy received 
a box of "cats" from his home, together with several 
articles of clothing. From the Sunday-school of the First 
Church of the Brethren, York, Pa., came, for each of our 
brethren, a box of chocolates, a white handkerchief, and a 
beautiful box of stationery. 

From Meadow Branch Sunday-school came, for each, 
a laundry bag. in which the different classes placed such 
articles as soap, towels, socks, gloves, lead pencils, station- 

From the Sunday-school of the church at Ephrata, Pa., 
came a barrel of apples and four large boxes of cakes. 

From the Sunday-school of Springfield, Pa., came a 
large package of white handkerchiefs. 

From the Quaker people came boxes of candy and nuts. 

These tokens of love and respect helped us to enjoy 
fully the celebration of the birth of the Prince of Peace. 
For these blessings our thanks can not be expressed in 
words, but it is found in the gratitude we give to our 
Heavenly Father. May God bless each member of our be- 
loved church, by making every one of them a blessing to 

Since our last report, we have reorganized our Bible 
class. Bro. Rowland Reichard was elected president; Bro. 
John Roop, vice-president.; Bro. Elmer Ruhl, secretary. 
At present we arc studying the Book of Romans. After 
we complete it, each member will select some portion of 
Scripture, spend at least six hours in studying it, and then 
present it to the class on the particular night allotted to 
him. E. Russell Hicks. 

First Special Detachment of 154th Depot Brigade. 


San Mar is the name of the trolley' station on the farm 
of the " Fahrney Memorial Home for the Aged," about 
fifteen miles west of Hagcrstown, Md. By special ar- 
rangement with the writer, through the superintendents of 
the Home, — Brethren Jno. Fahrney and Bro. Isaiah 
Harshman, — the trip was made direct from Baltimore to 
Hagerstown, on Christmas Eve. 

An early traction car, through the well-tilled farming 
and fruit land of the fertile county of Washington, brought 
sight of the splendidly located and equipped home, some- 
time before the morning hour for service. Sister Mollie 
Royer, nicely located in this pleasant home, welcomed 
the preacher, and entertained him in the spacious parlor, 
until a suitable time for some calls on the sick, shut-ins 
and the very aged. Sister McMaster, of ninety-three 
years, is doubtless the oldest, and Sister Ellenberger, 
whose husband was a preacher in our church, and died in 
the West, is ten years younger. 

The time passed pleasantly and rapidly until the large 
chapel or assembly-room was well filled with eager lis- 
teners. The inmates of the Home, as well as some of the 
brethren and sisters of the Beaver Creek congregation, 
near by, were in attendance. Bro. John Fahrney led in 
a very fitting opening prayer, which was followed by a 
spirited song, led by Bro. Guyton, of the Home. Then a 
sermon on "The Christmas Spirit," was listened to with 
rapt attention by all. After another song, "Beautiful 
Home," there was more visiting with the brethren and 
others, until the well-prepared Christmas dinner was an- 
nounced for all, by the considerate matron", Sister Avey. 

The Sisters' Aid Society of the Meadow Branch church 
had furnished the turkeys for the occasion. That may be 
the reason why jt became Meadow Branch's turn to fur- 
nish a preacher also. The Misses Spade, who served so 
well in the cooking department of Blue Ridge College, 
are located here now, and their skill in culinary work, 
added delicate touches to the table and in the dining 
room. Thirty-eight members of the Home and their 
guests were easily accommodated. 


Dec. 2 we had what we call " Missionary Day " at the 
Bridgcwatcr church. We have a committee in our congre- 
gation, composed of five brethren, known as the "Laymen's 
Missionary Committee." This committee planned a program 
for Missionary Day. At 10 A. M. we met for Sunday-school 
and at 11 o'clock for preaching service. Dr. A. W. Dupler 
gave us a sermon on " Christian Stewardship." Following 
the sermon the chairman of the Laymen's Missionary Com- 
mittee gave a report of the past year's work, and spoke of 
the needs of the coming year. He told us that we should 
raise at least $1,500 to carry on our .different lines' of mis- 
sionary work and to defray our regular expenses in the 
congregation. He also announced that we would begin 
our every member canvass on Tuesday following, for 
pledges for weekly offerings for 1918. 

Bro. Minor M, Myers was to give us a missionary sermon 
at 7:30 P. M„ but as we had a visiting brother with us at 
that hour, Bro. Myers gave way to him, and we had the mis- 
sionary sermon the following Sunday. 

On Tuesday morning ten brethren started out to canvass the 
congregation, going two and two. The territory was divided in- 
to five sections and the five teams covered the most of the 
ground in one day. What was missed the first day was finished 
during the next day or two. Each member was asked to sign a 
pledge to give so much each week, during the year of 1918. 
Each member that signed a weekly pledge was given a set 
of envelopes containing an envelope for each Sunday during 
the year. Each envelope is dated to correspond with the 
date of the different Sundays in the year. 

On Friday evening of the same week all the canvassers 
met, with a few other brethren, and reported the result of the 
canvass. The amount reported was $1,492.72. On Sunday 
morning the amount was reported to the congregation, and 
before we left the church, the amount was raised to over $1,- 
.500. About one-half of this money goes to Home and For- 
eign Missions; the other half goes to meet the expenses of 
our congregation. s 

Our Sunday-school has arranged to support -Bro. Seese in 
China, with some help from the congregation, if necessary. 
We have also raised, during the last few months, about $1,500 
for the Red Cross and the Army Y. M. C. A. work. 

The Laymen's Missionary Committee : Jas. K. Wright, D. 
S. Thomas, Dr. J. D. Miller, D. C. Kiser. R. E. L. Strickler. 

Dec. 20. 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

inson Missions. Dec. 20 we be can <mr Bible Institute. Dr. Kurtz 
was instructor and led .in excellent five-day Institute. The book 
of Galatians, the Parables and the Doctrines were opened in new 
and unique ways, giving much food for thought and spiritual 

■ Sunday-school ha; 

Drubnker, Conw 

ings. We decided to select our Sii[i<luy-srho<d teachers through 
a Sunday-school Board, to consist of the superintendent, assist- 
Gospel Team from 

McPherson to b 
day collection 

■ >l; ;i special offering 
ed to use our blrtl 
amounted to -$24.3 

esiding. It was decided to have n series of meetings in the 
■ ring, beginning the latter part of March. Two letters were re- 
ived. Bro. John Daggett was elected president of the Chris 
in Workers; Bro. Clarence Winder, superintendent of Sunda; 

Sister' K.llia 

tendent; Bro. Chris 
Winder, correspond 

DCC. 20. Jessie H 

paeons, whie 

the decision to silp 
2." All church dm 
i was deferred to a 

o. Blough asked for 
lolhg personal work 


in council Saturday 

■ell as all attend- 

better work 

winter months. The writer was appointed "Messenger agent. 
We reorganized our Sunday school with Bro. Harry Klein as 
superintendent '">ur Kuuda v-schnol sen! an ottering of $20.22 to 
the Armenian sufferers.— Eva M. Schneider, Mt. Airy, Md., Jan. 7. 
Long Green Valley church met In council Dec. 22, with our elder. 
Bro. W. E. Hoop, presiding. Bro. C. P. Breldenhaiigh was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent: Sister Emniii N'af/ingor, superin- 
tendent of home department and also of the cradle roll. We de- 
cided to lift an offering on Jan. 6 to he sent to the Brethren Re- 
lief Committee for the suffering Armenians. The Sunday-school 

: ' Simple Ufe." At i 

vice an offering of 
de Missions.— Bertha Nenliauser. 

vn red wil!i 

Pipe Creek.— This congregation has just closed n two weeks' 
ries of meetings, conducted by Eld. Rufus Bueber. of Mechanic 
rove. Pa. The last week the meetings were well attended. His 
rmo'us were practical, doctrinal and forcible. Two decided for 
irist. one a Sundoy-Bchool scholar and the other a mother.— Ida 
. Englar, Unlontown, Md., Jan. 1. 
Pleasant View congregation held her yearly business meeting 

5 elected President ; Sister Bertha Bo' 
Macie Guyton. Superintendent; Slst 
Superintendent: Sister Nannie Mose 

hi 1 irr-villc, Md., Jan 

Bro. Marshall Wolf, 
has recently located in our congregati 

ently I 
iv o of our preachei 

which we 


on Carroll Street, 
ers on each of the 
, devotional, social 

:oop. Westminster, Md., Jan. 3. 


apple.— Eld. Chas. C. Cripe, of G. 

ducted the meetings. lie delivered some very Im- 
spirltual sermons. The singing was very enthu- 
by Sister Austin. Four were baptized at the closn 

gs. Our church observed Christ's birthday by each 
indicated by his own years— some gave more. We 

msas City for food for the poor, and $20.72 for the 

estlng feature of t 

foot Of the cross. Our Christmas offering totaled about $10(1 cash 
and $8 in pledges. The Sunday-BCnool disbursements for Inst 
year are as foMows: Sunday-school equipment, §100: Bethany Bl- 

Dec. 20 Bro Nirodcmus. of Hethany Bible School, closed a very 

the death of our sister, Mrs. Geo. Sperline, which occurred Jan. 
7, afler an illness of govern I weeks.— Mrs John Heikes, Snbetha. 
Kens.. Jan. 8. 
Victor church met in council Dec, 22, with Eld. A. C. Daggett 

presiding, assisted 



t in council Dec. S. 
Bro. Paul Mohler. 

■r for the 

church decided to adopt 
the envelope system of raising their money. It was decided to 
arrange for a series of meetings sometime in June. By the re- 
quest of our elder, we are having prayer meeting every Thurs- 
day evening.— Susie Nelson, R. D. 1, Barnum, Minn., Jan. 7. 


Sister Marie Hope, Christian Workers' president; Bro. Merle "Wit- 
more, superintendent of the Sunday-school. Our library commit- 
tee has placed thirty new books in the library. We decided to 
procure new song books. We elected church officers for the new 
year, Our Sisters' Aid haB cloBed another year's work, sending 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 

irty-one prayer- coverings a 

nd eight comfo 

rters to those 

I'.ro Tne 

h c 

On Sunday before Chrlsti 

as out Simda 

young people favored ns v 

■, of Bethany 

liii'ft in lt~. 


ool, gave us a good talk o 

war is being 

Sister Ne 


>e. 'J.s Urn. 0. P. Haines, of 
meetings fur ns. Owing to the 
s necessary to discontinue the 

to Urn. [lurry V. Fox 

we greatly need his labou 

Lord will direct him to where his services are 
i Eastern Shore. — H. N. M. 


ville churchho 

funds for repairing 
Peace Valley, Mo., 


Llclity, Missions: 

offering. At the Ne' 

Hie writer was elected correspondent i 
ir revival meetings begin Jan. 13, w 
ami, N. Mex., evangelist. Our love fe 
Dexter. As our elder Is contemplat 

1 would greatly enjoy 

Dexter, N. Mex., 

revival. -Mis. TIios. J. Reed, 


Clrclevllle.— On the evening of Dec. 2 Bro. Clias. L. Flory, of 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio, came to assist us In a series of meetings. 

moBt commendable. The extremely cold weather during the 
second week hindered the attendance. Bro. Flory remained with 
us until the evening of Dec. 10. We have been greatly encouraged 
and strengthened by the earnest appeals of our brother. Three 
confessed Christ and one was reclaimed. One week later a sister 
renewed her covenant with God. The children of the Sunday- 
school rendered a Christmas program on the evening of Dec. 23. 
Our Sunday-school decided to give our offering of $5.50 taken on 
Jan. fi. for the relief of Armenian and Syrian sufferers. — Cora 
Horst Sollenberger, Cireleville, Ohio, Jan. 7. 

Information Wanted.— I would ask that every one Interested 
in getting active church work started for the Church of the Breth- 
e. Please give any infor- 
>mbers residing here, who 
of church work at this 
lace. Kindly give complete address, if possible. If any feel like 
willing and able to do, in order ttifit 
my have some basis to work upon. Alt persons will be called 
i, whose names are furnished us, and proper effort will be 
i to Interest them In this attempt to form the groundwork 

might lie interested 
place. Kim" 
helping, ad- 

■ Chnrcl 

Brethren in this busy merci 

E. Sixty-fifth Street, Cleveland, Ohio, Jan. 

Luromle church met In council Jan. 5, with our elder, Bro. 

letters were granted. Our Sundn; 

Clara Souders. We 
decided to arrange another class-room which, when completed, 
will be used by the Juniors. Bro. Earl Helmnn was reelected 
clerk, and the writer " Messenger " agent and correspondent. — 
.Mrs. Nannie MeCorkle. R,. D. 1, Dawson. Ohio, Jan. 7. 

Lick Creek.— Dee. 23 we had a very Interesting Christmas ser- 
mon, given by our elder, Bro. George Sellers. Dec. 

lerk; Sister Abbie- Pete, correspondent; Sister Sarah Fillmore, 
Messenger" agent; Urn. Ira Mohler, Sunday-school suporintend- 
'."', .V'"' "^' ,, ! r ' ''. n, ' il '' n ' u superintendent; Urn. Roy Fillmore. 
ntly enjoyed a week 

this District being held 

including about r 

iimmlt Street, Beatrice, Nebr., Jan. 7. 
mncll Dec. 20, with Eld. H. D. Michael 
*d elder for another year; Bro. J. M, 
Mary May, "Messenger" correspond- 
r" agent; Bro. T. F. Evans, Sunday - 
F. P. Musselman, Christian Workers' 
ivlvnl meetings in April. Our 

offering of (23.80 was lifted for 

tary committee was appointed as 
-, president; Sister Oma Holder- 

Sdgceoinb, with family, has recently 
>.. leaving us with only one active 
B. Itlnzle, R. D. 1. Box 0, Ripley, 

Christmas program was well attended. A nice lot of eatables \ 
taken to the chureli to lie distributed to the poor at home, and 
an offering of $25 was sent to the Mission Board, to be used for 
suffering humanity. Bro. W. R. Miller has jnst closed a series of 


ciety has been reorganized with the young people as the active 
members, under the leadership of Sister Amy Anderson. Several 
special programs have been given,— one on the Armenians, with 

■ preferred 

-Bessie M. Smith, P. 

125, Woodward, 

I .si si 

to California from 

Washi tn.~ Bro. E. H. Eby, returi 
ua four lectures beginning Jan. 
vision of missions and of tlte work on the foreign field. The C 
serration Hand and Mission Study Class soe more than ever tl 
need of more consecrated lives and more mission study, sin 
Bro. Eby gave ejieli a special talk before the regular lecture ( 
Friday and Saturday evenings, respectively. Sister Pearl Wil 
fong is our missionary secretary and at Bro. Khy's suggestion. 

onslihite a missionary 

committee. An offering of $44.15 was taken for the GlrlB' Board- 
ing School In India.— Rae Boyd Brubaker, It. I). 1, Cordell, Okla., 

of the restored. Bro. S. 

Stump, Tnleift, Oregon, Jnn. 4. 

Iteachdale church met in council Dec. 30. with our pastor, 
B. F. Waltz, presiding. Our church has enjoyed such un 

e his salary. Bro. Fred Brant was elected on the Child 
Committee; Brethren N. A. Beach ley and F. O. Brant, 
Sister Anna Fogle, clerk ; the writer 
correspondent.- Mellic M. Vox, R. D. 1, 

to hear another Interesting sermon 
?r, Ind. At 7:30 P. 


. of f 

organized our Christian Workers' Mcetini 

ner as our president. We hope to do more and better work for 

the Master during 1918.— Misa Mary Kintner, Ney, Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Lima church met in council Friday evening, Dec. 21, with Eld. 
G. A. Snyder presiding. Bro. Clyde Gant was elected Sundny- 
sehoo] superintendent; Sister Delia Lehman, president of the 
Christian Workers' Society; Bro. David Byerly, eider. Owing to 
the scarcity of fuel, the brethren of the Lima church went out 
to Bro. Jesse Miller's woods on New Year's Day, where a fine lot 
of wood was cut for the church. This will enable us to have 
services the rest of the winter.— Ella Early, S03 E. Kibby Street, 

Rush CreeK church met In council Dec. 20, with Eld. E. B. Bag- 
well presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected. 
Sister Lizzie Bagwell was chosen correspondent; the writer, 
"Messenger" agent; Bro. Cleo Bagwell, superintendent Of the 
Sunday-school.— LUlie Adcock. Bremen, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Springfield.— The congregation at this place was greatly en- 
couraged by a revival of several weeks' duration, closing Dec. 16 
, of, Gettysburg, Ohio, 

I all'Tiikime and e/nod interest. 
an. 8. 
hursday evening, 

presiding. Bro. Hertzler, 
Itanding Committee, and Bro. H. 
the Peace Committee, will represent 

■ Special Conference I 

ngregatlon.— S. P. Engle, 23} 


od choice 

ized for the coming year with Bro. Ernest King as superintendent. 
its opportunities by starting 

the purchase of the 
w stands. We 'are 

: the work may go 

forward In this city.— Ira F. Honk. 358 Bechtel Avenue, Springfield, 

ich in need of a good < 
Ohio, Jan. 6. 

temporary building I 

We also decided to hold a series of meetings t 

e year, preferably In August or September. Since my last re 
rt our church took an offering of $10.25 on Thanksgiving even 
B lor the Armenian Belief Fund. On the evening of Dec. 2 
r Sunilay-scliuol rendered an interesting ChriBtmas program.- 

It,. Myers, 410 Locust Street, Hanover, Pa., Jan. 3. 

lohiiMortii (Walnut Grove).— We met lu council Dec. 13. Offl- 
... rg _ r 

—at, ] 

Utee, W. H. Keiper; ,. uc 

o and 11. E. Shinier; Sunday school superintendent, C C 

superintendent „f intermediate department, W. L. Brough- 

luiih.r depart men l, Ellziihcih Howe; of primary, Elda 

icgliinerB, Mrs. S. W. Pcurce; of cradle roll, Mrs. Frank 


The gifts 

Bible Institute for' the 

District of Pennsylvania, 


ive and inspiring. Bro. Miller ..._ 

morning service, at which time the Sun- 
enehers for 1018 were Installed. The aplen- 

" White 
r Christ- 

n union service. ' 

Bins treat as usual.— M. A. Nininger, Guthrie, Okla., Jan. 7. 
Indian Creek.— Bro. B. E. Kcsler was with us In a series of 

meetings. He preached powerful sermons and much good has been 
accomplished. On Sunday evening. Dec. 23, a Christmas program 
was rendered by the children and special music by older ones. 

Smith presiding. Bro. H. Booze wns elected elder for the new 
year; Bro. J. E. Heard, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Fred 
Root, president of Christian Workers' Meeting; the writer, "Mes- 
senger " correspondent. Wo now have Bro. B. E. Kesler, of Pop- 
lar Bluff, Mo., conducting a two weeks' series of meetings for 
US. We expect to hold another two weeks' scries beginning Feb. 
1, with Bro. D. G. Brubaker assisting us. Two letters hnve been 
received since our last report and two granted nt last council, 
former pastor and wife, Brother 

i baptized. Our aged elder, Bro. 

i' with us. lie is past ninety-five years. Dec. 2~we held our 

: ^■i-,. i ,ry dedication service. A special program was pre- 

'!, '."'", .)'""' IU " rnI,, K nlul evening. Amount of Indebtedness 

'1 pledges given during the day, 

S. J. 


"u mmiunteii to v M , nilll Wll; . kU ,.„ ti| the Be igi an and At . 

I.elief * mid. Dec 30 Bro, Herman Brelninger, who was 

ministry at Juniata College. 

. which Wf 
Chaa. C. Bloom, Lewistown, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Litita church met in council Jan. 2, with our elder, Bro I W 
luylor, as moderator. Two letters were grantod. Bro. H It 

Glbliel was chosen our Sunday-school superintendent for another 

Bible School, and Bro. O. II. Yereman, who is now located in 
EMrisburjih, gave „ talk oti " Heliuweh " (homesickness). The Cbil- 
)ent heretofore for candy, for tho 
Our boys and girls 

Glbbel, Lltltz, Pb., 

'. our six Suuduy-i 

i Mission Board. 

was elected clerk; 
tee; the writer, correspondent, agent and Sunday-school super- 
intendent. We have only fifteen members in all. eight of whom live 
near the church. Our Sunday-school had an nverage attendance 
of thirty-five for the year and gave $2(142 to General and District 
Mission Work. There is an opportunity here for church workers 
who desire some experience in doing Christian work in a sawmill 
camp. — H. IT. RItter, Mabel, Oregon, Jan. 4. 

Talent church met in council Dec. 20, with our elder, Bro. S. E. 
Decker, presiding. Two letters were granted. One brother was 
wns elected presiding elder for the 

town Mission, by Eld. John C. Zug, has Just closed. Two in- 
cepted Christ, and one at a former meeting, held by Bro. Zug at 

church. We expect Bro. 

Tslinrg. Pa., Jan. 7. 

■ weeks' meeting, 

Lehigh, of York Springs, Pa., closed at the Pleasant View 

; on Sunday evening, -Inn. ti, while there were no ncceB- 

, there was much good done. We are looking forward to 

3, when Bro. Itufus P. Bucher, of yunrryville. Pa., will com- 

at the Met" 

took an ol 

sufferers,— J. W. Galley, 420 ' 

c Sunday-school and are ready 
elected superintendent. Our 

Walker, Rockwood, Pa., 

lloiiotvUle. .\i ■ previous council, held at the Petersburg house 
Dec. 12, tho Monnivltle congregation, which had a membership 
of nearly 400, decided to organize into two separate congregations. 
A committee of live was appointed to formulate lines and meet 
the church In a special council on New Year's Day at the Mount- 
'iisiderlng the different lines, one was agreed 

Elders Isaac W. Taylor, 

on, and the congregation 

Harry B. Voder and Nathan Fahnestock, 

.southern part of the congregation agreed to organize 

chosen to contl 
d two deacons, 
re so nearly a t 
lamely, Bro. Nt 

An Interesting j 

23 the Sunday-school rei 
i enjoyed by a full house. 
a for our 1018 Sunday-: 

" Messenger " 
Hon will or- 
ivas rendered 
house. Eld. 

cumins ■ 

a I 
B "C 

putting 1 

, Marshall, Nor- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 


Messenger " subscript 



dead which die in the Lord " 

ra, daughter i>f Jacob nod Eliza Kenimel, born 
llilo, July 20. Win, died lit Littleton, Colo., Dec. 
ears, 4 months and 20 days. Nov. 27, 1873, she 
rriage to Albert M. Balr. To them were born 
i daughters. Two eons und one daughter pre- 
ther world. Iu April, lffTB, she united with the 
nd was a faithful member, in 1870 she, with 
;d to Colorado, settling in Littleton, Colo., in 

Burgin, 1500 S. 

Sister Kllznbetl 

ndt-MHIer. — By the undersigned, nt his home. December 25, 
Bro. Walter Brandt, of Millerstown, Pa., and Sister 'Ada 
, of Mecbaniesburg, Pa.— Ralph \V. Scblosser. Ellzabetbtown, 

wn-Itaab.— By the undersigned, at the First Church of the 
ren, Chico, Cnl., Dec. 25, 1917. Bro. Veruon Lee Brown and 
Carrie May Kanb, both of Chico, Cal.— J. C. Wright, Chico, 

i of Somerset County, Pa.- 

j»tner-Throne.— By the undersigned, tit the home of the bride's 
nts. Brother and Sisier William Murks, Jan. 3, 1018, Bro. Wnl- 
Kfntner, of Bryau, Ohio, and Sister Lena Throne, nee Marks, 
'loneer, Ohio,— J. W. Eeiser, Alvordton, Ohio. 

Norristown, Pa., 
suffering for nl- 
nlght, hut 

of the church. £ 
Bro. I. W. Taylor, of Neffs- 

Cassel, 723 We 

, who departed i 

■y, Si si 

and 1 day. Though suffrlng Intensely at times, for several years, 
she was patient and cheerful. Apparently she had undergone a 
successful operation, but her strength was not sufficient to survive 
an attack of the heart. About six years ago, Brother and Sister 
Helscy united with the church. Besides her husband, she leaves 
■ nnd her widowed mother. Serv- 

Dec. 20, by 

Eugie, Ellzabetbtown, Pa. 

I and 9.— S. P. 

'a., died Nov. 11, 1917, at her I 

i and 8 days. She was the youngest of ten children 1 

"". Murray. The parents and eight chil- 

! united with the 

; preceded her i 

rch of the Brethren, and continued a faithful and t 

i marriage to Jacob 

laughters. One daughter preceded her in death Apri_ 
1902. It wus her lot to endure much suffering throughout hei 
life. In November, 1910, she wus stricken with paralysis for tho 
second time. Alter this Iut decline was gradual. During the last 
few months her Buffering was intense, yet she bore all her afflic- 
tions with patience, nlwnys placing her hope and trust in the 
One whom she loved to serve. She leaves her husband, two chil- 
dren and one brother. Brief services at the home of Bro. H. A. 
nfter_ which the body was taken to the Maple Grove 

; preceded him. He 

.-..■..;■ ■ ■-. . v ,, . ■ 

D, Parsons, 

Myers, David H„ born In Rockingham County, Va., Jun 

M. Wenger, March 7. 1801. He united with 

Brethren Dec. 0,1885, and was chosen to the deacon's office In 
ipanion, one eon and one daughter. Bro. 
greatly i 

1880. He 

Myers was a quiet, faithful brother, ai 

Services at theWaconda church by Bro. E. G. Kodubaugh 

slsted by Bro. Oscar Early. Text, Psa. 110" 
R. D. 3, Hardin, Mo. 



, 1835, 

Dallas ■ 

of his niece, Mrs. Frank Roye: 

, aged 82 years, 2 months and 3 days. He came 
Dallas Center, Iowa, 

Illinois whi 

ere he married Julia K. Taylor. They settled < 

i he resided til] the death of his wife, Feb. 13. ISM. II.., with 
! Brethren In 1STH, ilvfng 

his wife, united ■ 




Dallas Center, Iowa. 

rearson, Sister .Carrie A., nee Wilson, daughter of Elza and 
Martha Wilson, born Sept. 24, 1832, died Dec. 30, 1917, aged 35 
rs, 3 months and 7 days. She was married to Alfred Fisher 

husband i 

To them i 

i later she was married to Lerb Pearson. To t 
j daughter. Sister Pearson nuited i 

Church of tiie Brethren Sept. 29, 191fl, and ■ 

ber. She has been an invalid for over three years nnd was pa- 
tient In nil her sufferings. She leaves her husband, two sons and 
one daughter. Services in the Pyrmont church. Text, Heb. 11- 
10.— Lulu E. Hoot, It. D. L, La Fayette, Ind. 

ltclthmerer, Sister Emma, born Nov. 13, 18CS, died Dec. 20, 1917, 
aged IS years, 1 month and 13 days. She was suddenly killed fit 
the South Hatfield crossing, when stepping in front of a fftst- 
npproaelmig trolley freight, und was thrown nhout twenty feet 
which resulted in a fractured skull and several other injuries 

following Saturday. 

of the church nnd the council meeting, to be held 
g Saturday. She took nn active part in mission and 
cmnduy-school work and church work in general. She was also 
forclady for twenty-live years for the firm known as Pool's Shirt 
ia »-'~Ty of^ Lonsdale. Services In the Hatfield Brethren church- 

. William H., borp J 

i foiling health l 

Martinsburg, Pa. 

uddenly and unexpectedly. 
s Brethren for many years 

, in Franklin County, 

cepted Christ and united with the 
11. 1800, he married Elizabeth Emi 
daughter and three sons. One soi 
took into their home a girl baby 

faithful body of belie' 
ami pallbearers. Servh 

C. Delp.— W. H. Eisenbise, 
e, born Oct. 21, 18-18, died 
. 20, 1917, nfter a brief attncl 

-Emma Cassel, 723 
ew Enterprise, Dec. 

of Jacob una Catharine Sleppy 
I "arid Flory. To them were 
She united with the Church o 
Christian life. Her illness wa 
of a tubercular nature. A fe 
alized a joyful experience in i 

Text, Rev. 
lei cemetery. — 

ind two great-grandchildren. Interment 
Wm. Mlnnich, R. D. 1, Union, Ohio. 

(.urdner. Sister Lovie, born in York County, Ph., Feb. 7, 1S47 
died at her home in this city, Dec, 18, 1017. aged 70 years, 10 
months and 11 days. In I860 she married John Gardner who 
lied about twenty years ago. To them were horn ten children 
five of whom survive She united with the church several years 
igo and lived a faithful and devoted Christian. Services bv" Eld. 
'. A. Grutier in the Church of the Brethren, Interment in South 
I olton cemetery.— Goldie Elcbenberg, Astoria, III. 
Good. Sister Fmeline, horn Jan. 9. 1843. died Dec. 21, 1917, aged 

D. Marbnrger. Interment In the 

R. Shirk. 221 Church Avenue, Ephn 

Haer. Sister Mary A., born June ! 

died at Hopeland, 
I 27 days. Death 
of eight weeks. 

HUsem, John, horn in 1830, died at the County Infirmary Hos- 
pital Oct 30, 1017, of old age and indigestion, aged 87 years. 
Services held fnnn Bellows' Morgue. Burial in Springfield cem- 
etery. Bro. H. A. Brubaker held the services.— Ella K. Schrock, 

, Redkey, Ind. Interment J 

; Modesto, Cal., Nov. 30, 1917, aged 
i. Hazel was sick only two weeks 
developed unexpectedly, and nl- 
ire, she suddenly grew worse and 

le Patterson eeme- 
-Dessa Kreps, Pat- 


■linger. Peter, born at Boiling Springs, Pa., July 20, 1843, 
mty-fifth year. Mr. Uollinger was a 

died Dec. 

member of the Ch 

one daughter. Services at his late 

caster, Pa., by the Rev. Hoverter 

the Greenwood cemetery. — H. B. T 

, 442 N. Mary Street, Lan- 
the writer. Interment Jn 
343 Charlotte Street, Lan- 

the Brethren about thirty years ago and lived a 
'. She suffered for about two years nnd during 
ired her affliction with great patience. Services by 
-isted by Bio. Jefferson Mattiis, In the Des Moines 
— J. F. Burton, Ankeny, Iown. 
Hylton, Bro. Chesley, born^Feb. 18, 1842, died Dec. 4, 1917, In 
1 congregation, Va., aged about 75 

ren church for 8 
Millie Hylton. He wns married to Bets 
i three children. Services by 

Willis, Va 

Thomas, b' 

. Cal., Nov. 27, 1917, aged 

lie son of Hiram and 
^ee Jennings. — Pernle 

■ Brethren when only a girl. Servlt 

Fayette County, Pa., July 

Adams County, 
one was marneu ro inomas Johnston 
cere born nine children. Her husband 
rs ago. She was brought back to her 
re held in the Mt. Etna Church of the 
i children. She united with the Church 

Cover, Mt. Etna, Iowa. 

Kenyon, Bro. David Darius, born in Woodford County 111 
April 20, 18-10, died at his home, Dec. 23, 1917, aged 71 years, 7 

" days. His entire 1 

of pneumonia. his , 

the Church of the Brethren about twenty- 

__-.> faithful members. Services in the Oak 
Grove church by the writer.— D. J. Blickenstaff, Oakley, 111. 
Kingxey, Sister Sarah Jane, nee Miller, 

Iowa, Dec. 
1917, aged 69 years and 21 du 
F. KIngrey. Eight years lute 
where they labored togethei 

i Monroe County, 

i County, Iowa, 

family of nine > 

old homestead near She 

ngregatlon, Iowa. She died Dec. eigh 

d 3 days. She was the daughter Etm 

Oct. 11. 1800, she was married to Etni 

rn one son and four daughters. Lt 

be Brethren in ls73 and lived a Hun 

)f some months' duration, being 1803 

weeks before her death she re- trea 

i. Services nt our Central house Reh 

She united with the church of her- choice in 1873 i.___ 

to speak for that which she thought to be right. 
husband, one brother, one sister, one half-sister, 
an. I twenty-five grandchildren. Services in the Mt. 
y the writer. Text, 1 Cor. 2: 9.-3. L. Cover, Mt 

■ Crull, daughter of John and Mary Crull, 


County, Ind., born in Henry County, Ind., March 5, 
i Anderson, Ind., where she had been taken to be 
', Dec. 31, 1917, aged 54 years, 9 months nnd 
rrled to John H. Leedy, sou of Isaac and 

Leedy, of Wabash County, Ind., 

tether with four brothers and two sbters, survives. She united 
with the Church ui the Brethren In her early youth and tried to 
live u consistent, christian life. She directed all things relnllve 
to her funeral and burial. She was buried near Camden, Ind., 
Jnn. 2, 1918, among the friends whom she had learned to love so 
well.— Corn Wise, R. D. 3, Flora, Ind. 

Master*, Isaac Sherman, born near Nappanee, Kosciusko Coun- 
ty, Ind., Jan. 20. 1805, died in Goshen, Ind., Dec. 25, 1917 aged 
52 years. 11 month ■ and 5 days. He was married to Mary ID. Wag- 
ner July 30, ISfll. To this union were born nn» B „n n r.,l th.L 

dnughters. C 

ceased accepted Christ, un 

and remained fnlthful 

the faithful wife, one 

survive. Services at the Goshen City church, Goshen, "ind., Dec". 

infant daughter preceded him. In 1802 the de- 
with the Church of the Brethren, 
brothers, three sisters, 

daughters and 

i Unl< 

2 Kings £0 
writer.— J. W. Kitson, Goshen, Ind, 
MorrlN, David, born May 24, 1850 

honest and good neighbor. To th 

nty-one years of i _ 

an. They moved to Parsons, Kans., 
d'working man, — an 
born five daughters 

i year. He and his wife were among the first of the Brethren 
> settled near Midland and helped to organize the church here 
: thirty-two years ago. He was a deacon and was alwa\.-. 

land church. Text, Job 13: 
panlon.— B. B. Switzer, Midland, Va. 

. Sister Nancy, nee Cripe, born 1 

her daughter, Sister Charles 

t County, Ind 

Oct. 0, 1840, died 

Steel, of South Bend, Ind., Oct. 7, 1917, aged°l 
In the bounds of the Pine Creek church, on their "farm nearNorth 
Liberty, Ind,, for a number of years She had been ailing for 
several months. About two months before her death she was 
daughter's home, where she died of dropsy. 

■ Ch 

trried to John Shenemnn Feb. 25, ISttS. She united with 

, r of tjjf Brethren in her early teens and lived a faithful 


brand and T. E. George. Interme 
tery.— M. S. Morris, R. D. 3, North Liberty, Ind. 
Stebleton, Nancy Jane, nee Olinger, born May 25, 1833, In Mont- 
; of her son-in-law, W. N. 

! united to Jacob Stebleton, Dec. 17, 
1854, near Peru. Ind. Her husband preceded her Aug. 0, 1907. To 
them were born two sons and three daughters. She leaves one 
son, one daughter and several grandchildren. In 1871 she moved 
to Iowa, where she had since resided. She was confined to her 
bed for the last sixteen months of her life, but bore her afflic- 
tion in patience. In early life she wns a member of the Methodist 
church but later became a member of the Church of the Brethren 
and was a faithful member. Services by the writer, Dec. 22. — 
Jno. H. Price, Libertyville, Iowa. 
Todd, Sister Martha Susan, nee Beatty, born Jnn. 10, 1807, in 
ouble, Jan: 

the h 

County, Md., died suddenly 

Herbert Todd, Pasadena. Md,, 
I 15 days. Sister Todd's little grand- 


son was asleep in another bed 

o'clock in the morning, when she awoke, her fir 
concerning his comfort (as the night was cold) 
her head from the pillow to look, the death angel appear edTiid" 
he spirit suddenly took its flight. Sister Todd l 8 survived by 
l-i h, band, four sons, one daughter, live brothers and three 

; : ■"'Idrrn. She was of a quiet, self-sncriliclng disposition 

always ready to minister to the needs of others Her body was 
brought to the home of her daughter, Mrs. Levi Barnes, 1005 Falls 
■ held at the Wood- 

irt). Interment in St. Maiv'.s Kpiscj,,,! cemetery Ro- - 
.iue, Hampden.— F. D. Anthony, Baltimore, Md. 
Alice A„ nee Benedict, born at Church Hill, Pa., Oct. 
led Dec. 28, 1917, aged i 

n Feb. 9, 1892. To t 
■ husband died. She wa 

I 20 days. She i 

an exemplary. Christian life. She, with her husband mo vet 
Dallas Center, Iowa, In March, 1914, where she lived until 
death. She leaves her father, mother, husband, three child., 
two brothers, three sisters and one grandchild. Services In the 
church at Dallas Center. Dec. 30, by Eld. M. W. Elkenherry as- 
sisted by Elders H. I. Royer and C. B. Rowe. Text, Rev 21- 4 
The body was brought east to Franklin Cmmtv, I'a 'to the home 
of Joshua Benedict, from which place the funeral wus held. Serv- 
ices in the Lutheran church of Lemnsters bv the writer, assisted 
by the Rev. Knipple nnd D. H. Nelklrk, Jan. 2, 1018, tit 1 P M— D 
A. Foust, Greencnstle. Pa. 

Ulroy, Sister Lulu, daughter of Jacob B. and Susan Ulrev, born 
May 24, 1878, at Pyrmont. Carroll County, Ind., died of tubercu- 

! - "'" dlcatloDB, at Clovls, N. Mex., Dec. 24, 1917, aged 39 

years and 7 months. She was un earnest Christian for twenty- 
five yeurs, having united with the Church of the Brethren at the 
TJlrey came to New Mexico for her health 
iter, who wns with her at 
parents hav- 

In September, accompanied by 

i brother and I 

i. . r- '-. ■ J Si ti ::■!■; . 

her death. She 

lug preceded hi 

by Bro. A. J. Rodes, assisted by 

church. Interment in the Clovls cemetery .- 

vls, N. Mex. 

Warfleld, Lnwrence B., son of Nathaniel t 
held, born in Buck Creek, Ind.. July 11, 

Springfield, lag 1 

■ along n path parallel with the 
i search of him and found 

his body lying by the side of the railroad. He ' 


as aided as follows: Mary Qulnter 
Girls* School, $5; India Widows' 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 19, 1918 

W'elty; Assistant Superintendent, Si: 

nount of money paid out dur- 
nsury, $21.30. Our officers for 

ws: .Superintendent, Sister Mattie 

«. a .cr Marpn-ft Wheeler; Bre. 
mem, oisiei- Elizabeth Beery; Vice- ['resident, Sister Jane Cling 
eupeel; Secretary mid Treasurer, Sister Bertha Barr; A 
Secretary -Treasurer, the writer. There is also a Solicitin 
Committee.— Lydia Tritle, Flora, Ind., 
tOD— .Report of the Aid Society for y 
ginning J an. i, ivi7, and ending Jun. 1 mm. \«r„ — .. 
dines during the year. Total uttendanc 
i\iu, average attendance, ten. Our work 
i|iilltiiig, .sewing by the day ami making 
received for prayer-coverings, $1.50; for 
lections at Aid Society meetings and d 

on hand lit the beginning «* • «o on 

for $3. Total receipts, $u! 

, $8.30. We sold 

irlng the year we paid 
) lirimd Bnpids Mission, $5 

rings, sewed for the Hed Cro 

■ hundred and fifty 
.., of forty-rl 

e elected : En 

:< organ 

■President; Alva Steele, Sccrelary and Treasurer'; Clara 
I IJiiiiiia Sherck, Covering Committee.— Bessie Sherck, 

INK, IOWA.— The following is the report of the Aid 

the year BUT: We held forty-seven meetings. We 

Members enrolled, with an average attenda:-"- --* * 

nl live visitors. We carded 2,420 gross of bu 

ecelved $-10.22; dues fur absent members, $12.00; dona 

Balance from last year. $11.31; total, N-SO.'.M. We havi 
r church work and sickness. $13.05 
h money to buy a furnace for ou. 

e year 11U8 are as follows: President, Sister Marv 
i -iTcsi.lent, Sister Limna I'a.s.lach ; Secretary Sistt/r 
; Treasurer, the writer.— Sister liinily Wles, ll'fl. Lucas 

lEKK, KANS.— Report of the Sisters' Aid for year end- 

B>1T: We bad on hand at beginning $(ji» toward Memo 
We met ten times lor business, with an average 
■iidanee. We met at the church every week when .. - 
ivliich consisted of .jailling, lmil.iny, nra vei-coverings, 
nit and cleaning the church. In Ihe spring we pledged 

Thursday in Iicci-mbcr wc mi 
iiiK officers: I'residenl, Sister 1 
Sharrnh, Secretary and Treas 

1 'iliilte. 

., ,~..-M; for pulpit 
at love feast, $12.50. Amount on hand, $14. OH, besides 
'l articles not sold, and a lot of material. Donations: 
ry quinter .Mem, .rial Hospital Fund. SV.U ; to the needv 
niunity, three quilts 

i of sheet 

blanket, $(1.50; gnnds f 
me second-hand clothing 

four clothe 

officers weru via , | 

'"-'it, Sister Kphniim Slaller; Superintendent, sister Lewis Stat- 
'•'' . Assistant Superintendent, Sister Lewis Penrod; Secretary 
h" lrt ' !Jsl ."' , ' r - ' Sistl -- r James Murphy; Assistant. Sister H. B. 
' isej. u e have our devotional exercises between 11 and 12 
'\i' i-'i wl,,1 'I l ""'-'^ "' singing, Scripture reading and j 
•Mrs. Elmei- Knavel, Wlndber, Pa., Jan. 2. 

ohI'aJsSI^™ 11 ' IJ !j?.~^! e <°»owlDg ^ the report of 

trk com. 

;ale dinners, $100.78; 

F fifteen. Ou 

rings nnd work, $25.3,, , 
a tola! of $320.83. Besides 
ds, we paid for flowers : 
ie home; purchased a new sewing machine 
ii adjoining Aid for the poor; paid $3.", 
" s nl Hospital, making u total < 

I' .Me 

t $15 

t Chicago sister an 

,/ -' »""■<■•-. lor the year are as follows: Sister Lulu Batter- 
P.i ml ■;, r ," M, .''; ,lt : Ulster Ilos " Cri,,i '' Mi.perintend.-nt; Sister t 
ManchwtM! Ind" JM P B rlnten<lent ' -EdIth MIIleP ' Secre,arj '' North 
sl 1 m A pfw,, I .°^~ The fo "owiDg is n report of our Sisters 

We made seventy 
t rags, and pieced one hi 
s. We donated fifty-eight 

izle Benncr; Superintend 

'';•!; Assistant Superintendent' SIbI 

easar,. r . Sister Clara Bee.! ■ Assistant Seeretar 
Sl>t«r P Mr , N, 11 ,.-o„,„ ,„...;,, Y»,e lowaTo" 

a sister's dress, $1.10. 
We pieced seven quilts 

.undred and twenty-eight prayer- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1918 


, $1 'M 

Official Orguu «. «.^ ««— 

A rtllglous weekly nubll.-hed h> 1'r-H.r.i, Publishing House, 

' ... -M So utll Si ,1 SI...I, I lu-iii. Ill SMI. MP. HI priC* 

» annum In n.h (<' si.l.s.-rlpl Ion. flfly cents. 

©. I*, MJLLEB, 1 

Special Contrlb' 
H. Moore, Sebrln 
Wlwnd, Chicago. 
Brandt, Elgin, 111 

i i .lin. 

ANTZ, Offlc* : 

intingdon, j 
•"FlQ ■ H. C. Early. Penn Laird. Vn.", 
ill ■ D. W. Kurtz, MePhewon, Kans.; 

t cl college congregation, 

.in Sunday evening, '. 

. 23 with Eld. W. 

Thompson, Eagle Rock, Vn., 

council In the College Chupel 
ivas decided to call a pastor, 
t has a big Job for a big man, 

Entered at the Postoulco at Elgin, III.. 

B Second-class Matttr 

good report. It 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

I hud the plensuri 

n council Dec. 20. If was decided to retain 
ro. U. B. Helsey. (or another year. His sal- 
> il.OOO. We aL-o decided to iinlsb the base 
(Mir congregation is growing in number and 
Tm-ut> luive been received Into the church 
\\r. still have n munll debt on our parson- 
.„,,., ace of our Sunday-school for 1017 was 
ty-oue. The highest attendance on any one 
ndred and fortv. The offerings were very 
;. wc raised $20 for the Y. M. C. A. We al- 

beglns Jan. 19.- 

Uood, Bridge- 


i: [el lir, 

lin -cling* 

urch the coming 

jad n n interesting letter from Bro. I. IS 

missionary in Chum.— Lizzie Peters, Wirtz, Va., 
Creoniuount church met In council Doc, 28 wll 
Biding. Bro. D. C. Myers was elected 

l n delegate 

v ■'- V 'i I 'iii 1 1 i>l ' " oi ilie IjiiM'incnt. Our Christinas pro- 
" ','' ''^Vii iL.i.'t, , l>'." 'I i" a i-row.lrd lions.'. The singing was 
^ ' .' " , ,..,, v , ] ,,,.( ];,,. .lan.i's Murphy In our super- 
i t d ■ I fur l''l-" >li Warren iloover, Windber, l'a., Jan. a 

„-,„ ,, v „, .hnMta met in council on Monday evening, Dec. 31, 
in U,'. s! ,\. level house. Three letters were granted. Our pas- 
si' I i'r"' \'m's' M.ii".' '■■;" -poa.lciit i Bro. ■' ■ u - fa/hnian, clerk. 
' s' I uii,. i i were i|i 'I'd "ii Sunday nflernoon, 

l',',', 1 -'"'^ili. f ""!■ '.■■, i:m!.ov mi per int. iideut. On Sunday. Dec. 
■ i" " ' lii Id Si ni 'i- oi the Western District of Pennsylvania 
w'is "'witl/'u'^ I'linl" t-i-' o- M M.l.-udid address on Sunday-school 
work of 1018.— S. B. Hoffman, Scalp Level, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Bhumokin — Our church assembled in council at 7:30 P. M., Dec. 
-| L with our older, i:n>. John C. Zug, In charge. We bud a good 
^tendance, couriering the extreme cold weather. One letter was 
',,,,,,[ ,„d two w.t- ui-i'uU-d. Bro. Adam M. Uollinger was 

,,,,-,, .I m nolo, Ml, mi ol the Sunday -cliool lor the coining year, 

.,,,,, ,| ,, lur ul Animal Meeting; the writer, dele- 
gate to District Meeting, ami also -Messenger- correspondent. 
One sister was reclaimed and on Nov. IS a mother and son were 

, Dec. 31. 
a church closed a series of meetings, held atthe Moh- 

i Sunday eieiiing, Dec. U3, In charge 

i the Special Conference. The Bed 
nd we were urged to render our 
Annie Miller, K. D. U, Box 12, Harrisonburg, Va., Jan. 8. 
tt church met In council Jan. 0, with Eld. E. IS. Blough 
Bro. J. J. Conner was reelected superintendent of 
y-sehool and Bro. Aiviu Kline, president of Christian 
Meeting. A committee was appointed 

auassas, Va., Jan. 6. 
Fort (Oak Hill House).— We met 1 
writer us moderator, in the absence or our eiuei 
i have uu evergreen .Sunday-school, and officers 

— Wm. E. Hamilton, Detrlck, Va., Jan. 10. 

Topeoo.— We met la council Jun. 5, with Eld. A. N. Hyltou pre- 
siding. All the old officers were retained for the coming year. 

Large Wall Mottoes | 
At One -Third § 

The Regular Price— 3 for One J 

There are only a few hundred of the large wall 7. 
mottoes shown in the illustrations left. They T 
were 15c each, but now they must be closed out f 
at a great reduction. These mottoes go at 3 for I 
15c; 50c per dozen. X 

The mottoes are 12x16 inches. They are print- + 
ed on a heavy glazed paper that makes it pos- 4* 
sible to clean the mottoes with a damp cloth $ 
should they become soiled. _ X 

Six of the nine mottoes are shown in the il- X 
lustrations below. A full list of titles- will be X 
found on the order blank at the foot of this col- + 
umn. 4 

Make your selection early. Perhaps it would X 
be best to give second choice. They will not last * 
long at one-third the regular price. £ 



unci!. — . 

general council 

i preached for u; 

omlng of Christ. The Sua- 
Armeniau sufferers.— Lizzie 
Box 54, Topeco, Va., Jun. 7. 

J. S. Zlgler wu 
respondent. Sine 

were baptize 

Conestogu and Spring U 


from Weat 

One" was reclaimed. A collection 

Springvllle mid Denver Sunuuy-scnools for 

ii sufferers. Bro. Abram Royer was elected 

ne Denver Sunday-School, and Bro. R. M. 

He"rtzog, of Sprln grille.— Aaron R. Glbbcl, R. D. 1, Ephrata, Pa., 

Spring Creek church met in council on New Year's Eve at the 

Palmyra house. All the resideut elders were present. Eld. J. 
H. Longenecker 

. Sunday-! 

l'.Hs, nomtnuted by i 

;ted sui, 

mperintendent of Spring 
. A. G. Longenecker was reappointed 
1 Advisory Board for u term of five 
was elected superintendent of home 
ra school. Two "Messenger" agents 
ngregatiou, — Sister Anna Tsehantz for 

ila Zlgler, President; Sister Mary Jones, Vice-President, SUu-i 
rgle McAvoy, Secretary and Treasurer. Brethren J. S. Zlglei 
d W. F. Rogers were elected superintendents of the Sunday 
loo!.— Anna F. Sanger, R. D. 1, Box 30, FnyettevJlle, W. Va. 

jernuin Sett lenient.— Sunday, Dec. "i3, we began our eleventl 
Liuial Bible Institute, which continued until Dee. M. Eld. I 
11. Beuhm gave us forty minutes each morning on "Speeds 
ictrlnea of the Church." In the afternoon he gave us a thirty 
e minute period oil the Gospel of St. Johu. He also preacln-i 
r us each evening of the week. Eld. E. T. Eike taught Xhessa 

personal work. Oth 
uiio talent took part in talks, recitations, essays, etc. The pr 
am for Sunday consisted of a prayer and missionary piogiai 

. |in-sidiug, Ofticers > 

,'reek house, conducted by Bro. Michael Kurtz. — Harry S. Ger- 
ier. 502 Railroad Street, Palmyra, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Upper Codonis church met in council Jan. 6, with Eld. E. S. 
dilk-r presiding. The chief work or this council was the election 
>t Sunday-sehuul olhcers lor the ensuing year: Superintendent at 
ilnek Rock. Bro. C. A. Wlldusin; suiieiinleiolent at Melrose, Bro. 
Imos Wolf. We decided to hold our spring love feast May U and 
L2, beginning at 10 A. M. Our Sunduy-schools took up a collec- 
ion Jun. 5 for the Armenian and Syrian sufferers. Total offering 
imouuted to $50, with a little more to come In. Our annual spring 

appointed: Ministerial, Josh 

Thomas. Tempera nc 
Wolfe. Child Kescue 
Uuthrie. We decided 

Kelley. The following committees 
i Guthrie and 
Falkner and J 

Jeremiah Outhri 
Susie Falkner 
Ida Wilson and Willia 

April 0, beginning promptly 

10 A. M- 


. still resting anj 


iegin a series of u I ing:- on Monday evening, Jan. 14.— Paul G. 

Holsiiiger, Williamsburg, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Woodbury. — We had the pleasure of having Sister Ida Shu- 
maker with us on Friday evening, Dec. 21. She spoke of India and 
her experiences. Her talk was both instructive and Impressive. 
An offering was received for General Mission work.— J. C. Stayer, 
Woodbury, Pa., Jan. 3. 


J. Wine. In charge, 
oke. La. Bro. Paul 

■2.;, with i, 

v out of ( 


Camps. Bro. J. IS. Weddle, of Tonasket, Wash., v 
— C. E. Holmes, Touasketi Wash., Dee. 31. 

Outlook church met in council Jan. 5, with Eld. 
of North Yakima, in charge. He was elected as our 
coming year; Sister May Shockley, clerk; Bro. G. 

er, superintendent of cradle roll. We de- 
cided to begin a home department, with Sister Mattle Sutpliln, 
superintendent. Bro. Homer Pur ten was chosen Christian Work- 
ers' president. We decided to raise $200, for church expenses 
during the coining year, by the pledge system. Jan. 6 an offer- 
ing of $20 was lifted for the Armenian sufferers. We are still 
praying for a minister to come and settle in our midst. We would 
be very glad to have members at any time- come and visit our 
church at this place.— Olga Conover, Outlook, Wash.. Jan. 7. 

good program was rendered on Sunday evening 


■ Chri 

Armenian .sufferers ; S'.'.-JU from the juniors 
ne in the city ; $10 from the young people's 
nlly who had lost their home by Are; $0.80 

. H. J. Baker. Sunday-,, ho. d siiiiei-lntendeiit.— Mrs. E. J. Clin> 

Mottoes at one-third regular price 

i t Refuge 

;1 •„■ 'Simmcthi 

Mottoes at one-third regular price 




.God Bless Our Home. 
.By Grace Are Ye Saved. 
. In God We Trust. 
.God Is Our Refuge and Strength. 
.Be Not Weary in Well Doing. 
.Love One Another. 
.What Is Home Without Mother? 
Christ Is the Head of This House. 
.The Lord Is My Shepherd. 

R. F. D. or Street 

Town ■.. State. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 67 

Elgin, 111., January 26, 1918 

No. 4 

In This Number 

" Learn Wlmt Tliis Menoeth," 40 

Pumping Up Again (EI. A. II.) -in 

TIic rnjitiirc of Jerusalem (.1 II. M.) 40 

The Ijite Mission Bonnl Meeting fiO 

I'tiillim .1 Shadow. 

present crowd of spectators and look forward a gener- 
ation or two. Consider what the people of that time 
will think of you and your work. 

Had you thought of the matter in this light? Whose 
good opinion is worth the most? That of the people 
who can see you only as you appear to them now, or 
that of the people who will know you through the im- 
pressions you have left on the hearts and lives of 
men? Would you not rather secure the approval of 
those who will form their judgments after the final re- 
turns are in? 

Seeking the praise of men is all right, if you are not 
in too much of a hurry to get it. 

At Camp- Grnnt. By J. M. Myers 

S|n*<-i:ii Conference* — 

Adopteil by tlie Gosmen Couferem-p. 


Tblril Division. ... . '. '. . 
me and Family, — 

The Choro Boy (Poem), 

When' There's Trouble. By Eliznl 


Sons of the Kingdom 

The story of the centurion's servant is one of the 
most remarkable of all those recorded in the Gospels. 
Remarkable, because it is one of the two conspicuous 
instances in which Jesus overstepped the bounds which 
he ordinarily set for himself, by bestowing his minis- 
trations upon a Gentile. Remarkable, yet more, because 
of the way in which Jesus himself uses this fact to 
drive home a very important truth, — a truth, by the 
way, which is made especially prominent in Matthew, 
— the truth that the Jewish nation is missing its great 
opportunity by rejecting Jesus as their Christ, and is- 
inviting the doom of rejection at the hands of God. 

Jesus was touched by the rare quality of the cen- 
turion's faith, a faith which he had not found in Israel 
itself, and sees in it the foreshadowing of the loss by 
the Jewish nation of its proud position as the peculiar 
recipients of the Divine Favor. Many would come 
from all quarters of the earth to share in the heavenly 
banquet while " the sons of the kingdom," — the heirs 
of Israel's great heritage of covenants and promises and 
law and prophets, — would be cast out. 

Do you catch the clear and terrible note of warning 
sounded here? " Sons of the kingdom, . . . cast forth 
into outer darkness." Well, that meant the Jews, didn't 
it? Yes, it did. But it was not because they were 
Jews that Jesus said these awful things about them. It 
was because of their attitude to the truth. He merely 
applied to the existing situation a principle that is eter- 
nal. Failure to use an opportunity results in the loss 
of the opportunity. ^Resistance to truth and light leads 
inevitably to the shutting out of the light. 

The principle is equally applicable to individuals and 
to institutions. Whether as a church or as individuals, 
it is quite beside the mark for us to point to our past 
history and achievements and to find in them a guar- 
antee of perpetual, security. Whether God can con- 
tinue to use us or not will depend upon whether we 
respond to his present call, and rise to the wonderful 
opportunities for service in his Kingdom which are 
open to us today. ^__^_^^_^ 

When Seeking the Praise of Men Is Right 

The praise of men is not such a bad thing to work 
for, provided you are thinking of the men of the next 
generation. It is these people that are living right 
now that are so likely to lead you into false paths. 
That is, if pleasing them is the mainspring of your life 
purpose. But suppose you lift your eyes from the 

" Learn What This Meaneth " 

On two different occasions Jesus answered his crit- 
ics by citing them to a clause in the sixth verse of the 
sixth chapter of Hosea,— a passage with which they 
were supposedly familiar and the authority of which 
they would not question. The verse reads : " For I de- 
sire goodness (kindness, mercy), and not sacrifice; 
and the knowledge of God more than burnt-offerings." 

In the first instance (Matt. 9: 10-13) Jesus had 
been criticised for eating with publicans and sinners. 
He told his critics to go and " learn what this meaneth, 
I desire mercy and not sacrifice ; foY I came not to call 
the righteous, but sinners." The second reference to 
the saying (Matt. 12 : 1-8) was in rebuke of the Phari- 
sees who censured the disciples for plucking and eat- 
ing the ears of grain on the Sabbath. Here he said : 
" But if ye had known what this meaneth, I desire 
mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned 
the guiltless." 

Now, what is there about the words of the prophet 
that made them such a suitable subject of study for 
the Pharisees on these occasions? Something not in 
the letter, — that is evident, — for this says never a 
word about either eating with publicans and sinners or 
plucking grain on the Sabbath. And yet Jesus says if 
they had understood that saying they would not have 
condemned him and his disciples for what they did. 

These Pharisees made a great pretense at honoring the 
Old Testament prophets, but, like so much of our own 
honoring of the Scripture, it was a format reverence 
for the letter with a total failure to grasp its meaning. 

What more powerful lesson could there be on the 
importance of considering " what this meaneth " when 
doctrines and duties are derived from Scripture texts? 
As if to enforce the point with double strength, in the 
second instance in which Jesus quoted the Hosea pas- 
sage, he defended his disciples by citing the action of 
David in disregarding the letter of the law, because to 
do so was needful in that case, in order to carry out the 
true purpose,— the spirit,— of that law. If the Pharisees 
had cared to know what Hosea was really driving at, 
they would not have censured Jesus for practicing the 
principle the prophet had proclaimed. 

But have you looked at those words of the prophet 
which Jesus considered so important, until you can see 
something besides the words? Have you made the 
conditions in which the prophet spoke, live before 
your eyes, so that you have clearly caught his ever- 
lasting message? 

The substance of religion is love. The Israel of 
Hosea's day offered sacrifices in great abundance but 
the great principle of brotherliness they utterly ig- 
nored. It is much easier to practice the letter than the 
spirit, and cheaper too. " I desire mercy and not sacri- 
fice." " Go ye and learn what this meaneth." 

Pumping Up Again 

A few days ago two boys came riding down the side- 
walk toward a long hill that furnished an excellent 
chance for a long, long coast. 

" Hey! " cried the older boy who rode behind. 

" Oh, come on ! " laughed the boy in the lead. "Your 
brake will hold." 

" Sure," called the older boy, " but we will have to 
pump up again ! " 

Some big folks, like the older brother, have found 
that the world is full of pleasantly-wild inclines that 
call for a good deal of pumping up again. h. a. b. 

The Capture of Jerusalem 

The capture of Jerusalem from the Turks, by the 
British Army, in command of Gen. Allenby, has given 
rise to a good deal of newspaper talk concerning the 
past, present and future of Palestine, — some of it cor- 
rect but much of it very misleading. 

Jerusalem, though not the oldest city of the East, 
must be clpssed among the oldest of them. In part, at 
least, passing under the name of Salem, the city was 
well-known in the time of Abraham, having for its 
king Melchizedek, a priest of the most high God (Gen. 
14: 18). For ancient warfare it was easily fortified, 
and in time became the best-walled city between the 
great Mesopotamian plain, six hundred miles to the 
east, and the rich valley of the Nile, a little more than 
two hundred and fifty miles to the west. Out of the 
Nile Valley and upon the Mesopotamian plain grew the 
most wealthy, the most ambitious, and the most ag- 
gressive nations of ancient times. Though nations of 
marvelous attainments, and fairly well civilized, they 
never knew how to live in peace with each other, or 
with other nations. Situated, as it was, between them, 
Palestine became, in a large measure, their battle- 
ground. Vast armies, coming and going, crossed the 
favored land, and the country intended for God's cho- 
sen people was first in the hands of one and then the 
other of the warring nations. Jerusalem, the strongly- 
fortified city, became the pivot, so to speak, around 
which the forces revolved. And considering the 

sieges, growing out of these, as well as other condi- 
tions, more fighting has probably been done around 
Jerusalem than in and around any other city in the 
world. It has been captured and recaptured, destroyed 
and rebuilt, burned, sacked and devastated, times 
enough to have literally obliterated the place. But in 
spite of every conceivable device, looking to its humili- 
ation, it has lived, at times prospered, and if favored 
with a wise government, may again prosper and be- 
come famous, as in the days of yore. 

While for ancient times Jerusalem was naturally 
well located for defense in war, it could never be made 
to stand siege of more than a few hours against mod- 
ern methods. Several pieces of artillery, stationed on 
Mt. Olives, two hundred feet higher than the city, and 
less than one mile distant, could easily riddle every 
building inside of the walls. Hence the capture of the 
place by the British has not been regarded as a particu- 
lar military feat. The ability of Gen. Allenby, however, 
to secure possession of the Holy City without any fight- 
ing in the immediate vicinity, shows rare skill, as well 
as due consideration on his part. He could easily have 
battered down the walls, and have torn the city to pieces 
with his field guns, but he was prudent enough purpose- 
ly to avoid anything of this sort. By simply massing 
troops to the south, east and west of the place, and at 
the same time threatening the north, he compelled the 
Turkish Army to retire, to avoid capture, and thus 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1018 

brought about the surrender of the city without a 

Jerusalem is a sacred city alike to the Jews, the 
Christians and the Mohammedans. All of these re- 
ligious bodies have their sacred places and to safe- 
guard them was a fine piece of statesmanship as well 
as good military policy upon the part of the commander 
of the British forces. Here may be found places of 
great interest held by the Greeks, Armenians, Russians, 
Catholics and Protestants. The most important of all, 
the temple platform, occupied by the Mosque of Omar, 
is held by the Mohammedans, and claimed by the Jews. 
Protecting these places of sacred memories means the 
good-will of all the people interested. And for that 
reason Gen. AUenby deserves the thanks of the civilized 

With the exception of two brief periods, Jerusalem 
has been in the hands of the Mohammedans for more 
lhan 1,200 years, and during much of this time was 
denied to the Jews. Of late years they have been per- 
mitted to gather at a section of the west wall and wail 
over the desecration of the Holy City, and the down- 
fall of their nation. And though frowned upon by 
the Turkish authorities, they persisted in coming to the 
land of their fathers, and before the war not a few of 
them had established themselves in business. The 
Turks are far better at tearing down than building up, 
and so the whole country, from Dan to Beersheba, has 
long been in a state of absolute neglect. Ruins and 
desolation are found everywhere. 

But now, after a lapse of these twelve centuries, the 
land is passing into the hands of Christian nations, — 
people who have some consideration for the mixed 
population as well as for the sacred memories cluster- 
ing around Palestine as a country. It is asserted that 
the land passes into the hands of the Christians, never- 
more to revert to Turkish rule. While we can not 
forecast the future, still it is hoped that this may prove 
true, not alone for the benefit of the country, the Jews 
as a people, and the present inhabitants, but for the 
satisfaction of the civilized world. Under a wise civil 
management, Palestine might prosper, as not before for 
centuries. Many of the cities would be rebuilt, more 
land cultivated, business would increase and not a few 
industries could be established. 

However, much depends upon the way the war ends. 
Should the Allies win, as they probably will, then Pal- 
estine will be completely wrested from Turkey and 
made a Christian nation of some sort. Some think 
that it may become a Jewish republic. Of this we have 
doubts. It will require a score of years for such peo- 
ple, as may occupy the land, to be trained for self- 
government. A republic means democratic govern- 
ment, a government for the people and by the people. 
To bring about conditions of this sort where there are 
Turks, Arabians, Greeks, Russians, Armenians, Cath- 
olics, Jews and Protestants, means a proposition still 
more perplexing than the establishing of democracy in 
Russia. Palestine is more likely to become a free or 
independent government alike for Jews, Mohamme- 
dans, Christians and other peoples, under the manage- 
ment of a commission appointed by several leading 

Thus provided for, and with Jerusalem as its capital, 
Palestine might easily become one of the most prosper- 
ous countries bordering on the Mediterranean. Its 
possibilities are marvelous. The Nile Valley is now in 
the hands of Great Britain, and that is about where 
the winding up of the war will land Mesopotamia. It 
will then require only a few years to connect these two 
fertile sections by means of the Bagdad, Aleppo, Da- 
mascus and Palestine railroads, with Jerusalem on the 
line. A good seaport at Haifa, — at the foot of Mt. 
Carmel, — and the rest will take care of itself. Not only 
this, but Palestine could then be reached by rail from 
all parts of Europe. Pause and think what it means to 
connect the two greatest grain fields of all the East 
by rail, and then with all Europe besides. 

Capital will not be long in becoming interested in the 
marvelous water power where the River Jordan, north 
of the Sea of Galilee, has a plunge of over 600 feet in 
a ten-mile run. Here enough electricity might be gen- 
erated to run hundreds of pieces of machinery at any 
seaport within reasonable distance, and especially 
around the famous Sea, or Lake, of Galilee. Here, 

without a pound of coal, or fuel of any sort, every 
particle of raw material, gathered from all the exten- 
sive region round about, could be manufactured into 
goods ready for the market, and that, too, under the 
most favorable climatic conditions. To this we might 
add the possibility of converting the whole, immense 
Jordan Valley, south of the Sea of Galilee, into a regu- 
lar garden, with all the water needed for irrigation, 
and with a climate and soil that for vegetation exceed 
anything that we have in Florida. 

Then, think of the wonderful openings for schools, 
missionary stations and other helpful and uplifting re- 
ligious and moral activities. All of this and even more 
will be made possible by placing Palestine under the 
control of a few leading nations. And since the Turk 
has been driven from the Holy City, it now looks as 
though something of this sort may yet materialize. 

J- H. M. 

The Late Mission Board Meeting 

The meeting of the General Mission Board, held at 
the Publishing House Jan. 11 and 12, was several weeks 
later than the usual time. This was a matter of con- 
venience and a saving of expense, in view of the Goshen 
Conference. The full membership of the Board was 
present and two full days were used in disposing of 
the business in hand. Your editor's absence from his 
desk, for several days, created a condition unfavorable 
for attending the Board sessions, hence he did not get 
in touch with the meeting as closely as he sometimes 
does. He learned, however, that while the business 
was abundant in quantity, it was largely of a routine 
nature, — the kind which does not lend itself readily 
to enthusiastic description. We mention only a few 
points : 

The Secretary of the Board is to make a personal 
investigation of the Southern Field and report to the 
next meeting on the opportunities for work and the 
problems involved. In this connection we refer to 
two articles by Bro. J. H. Moore on Mission Work in 
the South, which will soon appear in our columns and 
will be read with much interest. 

Additional provisions for Boarding Schools and 
Hospitals were acted upon favorably, in considering 
the India and China fields. Furloughs were provided 
for, and arrangements made for the return to the field, 
of missionaries now in the homeland. A call from 
China for the following workers was approved: Two 
doctors, two educational men, one man evangelist, and 
one educational woman. 

A number of applications for appointment as mis- 
sionaries were presented. Some of these were ap- 
proved, and others deferred for further consideration. 

The Brooklyn Italian Mission plans were endorsed 
and the Missionary Visitor and Gospel Messenger 
were authorized to open their columns for the publi- 
cation of these plans and appeals for funds. 

A case of an appeal to the President for war ex- 
emption, brought before the Board, was referred to 
the " Central Service Committee." 

Appropriations for District Mission Work, applica- 
tions for Ministerial and Missionary Relief, the ques- 
tion of appointing a Music Editor, speakers for mis- 
sionary meetings at the Hershey Conference, — these 
are but a few of the many additional items on the pro- 
gram of business. 

These scant gleanings give a very inadequate impres- 
sion of the large responsibilities which the church has 
entrusted to her General Mission Board. But they 
should keep us from forgetting that the work is great 
and that the laborers are few. The field constantly 
widens and its needs increase. We must bear the mis- 
sion work of the church upon our hearts more heavily. 
We must support it more earnestly. 

respond to the new hope in his heart. It glows with all 
the splendor of noonday when the door of the father's 
house swings wide to welcome the outcast. We al- 
most forget the dark past as we see the father's happy 
face and hear the ring of joy in his voice. 

The curtain falls upon a bright scene, but it is 
marred by the threat of the elder brother's scowling 
face. That is the unillumined shadow. Nothing re- 
lieves or brightens it; there is no hint that the father's 
entreaties softened the son's hard, unloving nature. 

And yet on the score of thrift, industry, honest deal- 
ing and clean, upright living the elder brother would 
stand high in the esteem of any community. His sole 
defect seems to be that there was no responsiveness in 
his nature to the higher things of life. His punctilious 
uprightness was unwarmed by the fires of love. It 
meant nothing to him that a wayward soul had been 
reclaimed. It meant nothing to him that his father was 
happier today than he had been in years, and that the 
erring brother would be safer in the shelter of his fa- 
ther's house than amid the temptations of the far coun- 
try. In a picture, brilliant with high lights, he is the 
unillumined shadow. 

There is a wealth of solemn warning in the teach- 
ing of Jesus against the peril of living the shadowed 
life — the life that, although it may be moral and up- 
right and clean, is never lighted by the radiance from 
above and that finally goes out in darkness. The un- 
profitable servant was no tricky knave. He was merely 
unenlightened in the intimate responsibilities of stew- 
ardship. The rich husbandman never saw far enough 
beyond his overcrowded barns to realize that he had a 
needy soul for which he was making no provision. 
Dives at his sumptuous feast was wholly in the dark as 
to any claim that Lazarus had upon his wealth beyond 
such crusts and crumbs as chanced to fall from his 
table. The good Samaritan was the only passer-by on 
the Jericho road who realized the wider reaches of 
neigh borliness. 

" This is the condemnation," said the Great Teacher, 
" that light is come into the world, and men loved dark- 
ness rather than light." To shrink from the disclosures 
and leadings of the clearest light because they make life 
hard and strenuous is the tragedy. Against that the 
earnest soul cries out, " O send out thy light and thy 
truth : let them lead me ; let them bring me unto thy 
holy hill." — Youth's Companion. 

The Unillumined Shadow 

The darkest chapter in the story of the prodigal 
son is that which describes his last miserable days in 
the far country. His money is gone; he is ragged, hun- 
gry, hopeless and friendless. There is all the material 
of tragedy here, and it requires only a stroke of the 
pen to bring the narrative to a sad ending. Light 
dawns, however, when the wanderer bethinks him of 
his distant home. It grows brighter as his tired feet 

Excursions in Bookland 

1. When Home Is Heaven.— T. Wilbur Chapman, $1.25. 

"When Home Is Heaven" is a new book by the well- 
known evangelist, J. Wilbur Chapman. For a number of 
years it has been the custom of this evangelist to conduct 
what he has called a "Home Night" in connection with 
his meetings. The studies and experiences connected with 
such services have naturally yielded a wealth of material 
on the home. 

The Bible and the evangelist's own experience are the 
sources of the material contained in the book. The seven- 
teen chapters contained in the volume are really so many 
wholesome and interesting addresses on various aspects 
of the home. The following subjects are treated: A Chris- 
tian Home, Reviving Old Customs, A Message to Fathers, 
A True Mother, etc. Such studies as these can not help 
but be of interest to all who love and* cherish the ideal of 
a true Christian home. 

2. Through the Bible Day by Day.— F. B. Meyer, per vol- 
ume, 55 cents. 

There is a need of daily devotional Bible study. Such 
study should not only be helpful for the day but possess 
also the advantages of coherence and cumulative effect. 
F. B. Meyer, the noted Bible scholar, is now completing 
the preparation of a series of handy-sized devotional books 
that promise all these advantages. In addition they give 
the inspiration of a definite goal, for the purpose of the 
author is to cover the whole Bible in this series of six 
pocket-size volumes. 

There are a good many people who do not have the 
time to make a thorough study of the Bible. Therefore it 
was indeed a happy thought when it occurred to F. B. 
Meyer to prepare a series of brief studies that make it 
possible to cover the whole Bible in a connected and in- 
telligible way at the daily devotional hour. These studies 
will commend themselves to many Bible readers,— not 
simply because of the author. F. B. Meyer, but also be- 
cause of the possibilities connected with the series. It is 
now possible to go through the Bible day by day with 
such a Bible student as F. B. Meyer as a guide. The whole 
Bible will be covered in six volumes of which the first 
three are now ready. h. A. B. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 



God's Time Now 

Selected by Viola Priser, riereeton, lad. 
Choose I must, and soon must choose, 
Holiness or heaven lose; 
While what heaven loves I hate, 
Shut for me is heaven's gate. 
Endless sin means endless woe; 
Into endless sin I go, 
If my soul from reason rent, 
Takes from sin its final bent. 
As the stream its channel grooves, 
And within that channel moves, 
So doth habit's deepest tide 
Groove its bed, and there abide. 
Light obeyed increaseth light, 
Light resisted bringeth night; 
Who shall give me will to choose, 
If the love of light I lose? 
Speed my soull This instant yield, 
Let the Light its sceptre wield. 
While thy God prolongeth grace, 
Haste thee toward his holy face! 

Spreading the Gospel of Peace 


In an article under the date of Nov. 17, in this pa- 
per, it was urged that we enter upon " a more active 
program "of teaching to the world the doctrine of 
peace. Let no one think that it is the purpose of the 
writer of this article, to detract from the urgent needs 
of the present. 

Our immediate task is to assist in relieving the suf- 
ferings of humanity which surround us now. Let us 
do our full share in bearing the burdens of a war- 
stricken world. But our plea is that when we emerge 
from these trying times, we emerge with a firm de- 
termination to make our appeals for the Gospel of 
Peace in times of peace, rather than keep our peace 
principles so much to ourselves and then be forced to 
take part, directly or indirectly, in a carnal warfare 
which has grown out of ignorance concerning these 

What, then, are some of the things which may be 
done to spread this doctrine throughout the world? 
No greater avenue lies open to us than that of the 
press. Nothing so moulds the thoughts of men as 
what they read. We need a peace publication to gain 
information upon all phases of the great question of 
peace. This could be either a separate publication or 
a department of our general church organ. We should 
have tracts, — tracts which are not written from a sec- 
tarian point of view, but with the aim of solving this 
world problem, — tracts that are of such a nature as to 
appeal to those who are trying to solve this great in- 
ternational question. The publication of books upon 
this topic should be encouraged, on the part of those 
capable of such tasks. Every effort should be made to 
give this literature the widest possible distribution. 

. We shall not get far until we shall realize that we 
have few men who are really informed upon this ques- 
tion, and a large opening lies in the student life of our 
people. Scholarships should be established for the 
support of young men and women of our colleges who 
are willing to put their lives into the study and teach- 
ing of this great doctrine, and who could, thereby, 
be enabled to pursue their studies in universities where 
opportunity is offered for such study. Prize contests 
on this theme should be an annual event in each of our 
colleges, with prizes sufficient to induce an eager par- 
ticipation by a large number of students. These could 
include essay, oration, and debate contests. These 
contests should be far-reaching in their influence, and 
would, of necessity, spread to other schools than ours. 

We have able men upon the platform who could, 
probably, with the proper encouragement, be induced 
to give their time to this question of international 
peace, and some who are only holding aloof from it 
because the church has never considered such a course 
as strictly within the province of Giristian work. Oth- 
er young men would prepare themselves for such work 
when properly encouraged by the church. 

Courses are being offered in several colleges of our 
land, and nearly all great universities, covering some 
phase of the peace problem. Wherever we have men 
prepared to do so, these courses should be offered in 
our schools, and where we have no men so equipped, 
encouragement should be given them to prepare for 
such teaching. This will soon lead to our peace-loving 
people occupying chairs in the large universities, where 
these ideas may be taught to the rising generation in 
the most widely effective manner. 

This is a day of conventions and programs. The 
peace question should have a more prominent place at 
our Annual and District Conferences. Special con- 
ferences and programs could also be given. What 
would be finer than to hold Peace Institutes in our 
congregations, similar to our Bible Institutes, which 
are now an annual event in many congregations? All 
of these functions could be carried on largely by the 
now latent talent of our Brotherhood. 

Then we must cooperate. There should be an effort 
to have our representative in every great peace con- 
vention or conference. We should seek to cooperate 
with other peace-loving sects and societies, in every 
way possible, for the launching of a tremendous world- 
drive for peace. 

Lastly, our churches, our homes, and our colleges 
should be so thoroughly permeated by the spirit of 
world-wide brotherhood that every teacher, every min- 
ister, every merchant, yes, every citizen that goes from 
our homes and our schools, should be not merely a 
peace-lover, standing for peace, but a peace advocate, 
actively teaching and supporting this doctrine. 

If a program of aggressive teaching of this principle 
had been followed during the past twenty-five years, 
this great slaughter of our brethren could never have 
occurred. And if we enter upon some such program 
at the close of this struggle we shall speedily come to 
the realization that the good tidings of peace are for 
all peoples. 

La Verne, Col. 

Increased Expenses for Our Mission 


While it is true that money is abundant and cheap, 
and that a majority of people were never so prosperous, 
it is sadly true that our mission workers have in nowise 
shared in this prosperity. Producers, dealers, and 
manufacturers have, during the past two years, made 
more money than in any other corresponding period. 
Millionaires and ". thousandaires " have so multiplied 
that they have almost become the rule rather than the 
exception. Unparalleled financial prosperity has come 
to our nation, in part, at least. 

The necessaries of life have increased in cost about 
one hundred per cent. With the worker's salary at 
the old rate, he virtually receives just one-half of his 
former salary. The purchasing power of a dollar is 
certainly not more than fifty per cent of what it was 
three years ago. In spite of this, but few of our Mis- 
sion Boards have yet been able to increase their work- 
ers' salaries. 

There would be some excuse for this, if the minis- 
ter's salary were in excess of his actual needs. As a 
matter of fact, nine-tenths of our mission workers get 
barely enough to make " buckle and tongue meet," and 
then only with considerable stretching. To our certain 
knowledge, there are workers in our dear Brotherhood 
who are not supplied with the needed food and cloth- 
ing. They are suffering in silence, believing that they 
are called upon to make the sacrifice for Christ's sake. 
But is this true? Are they really sacrificing for Christ, 
or is it because so many of the church members are 
not animated with the missionary spirit? 

Not a few of our workers are unable to give their 
children an education. Several workers of our ac- 
quaintance are borrowing money to educate their chil- 
dren. Every dollar of the money they give for this 
purpose is taken from the fund that is sadly needed for 
food and clothing. Unless they are remunerated, the 
debts, incurred in this connection, will prove embar- 
rassing, even if payment becomes possible. 

Many of our workers are becoming involved in debt. 

It is easy to say they should not incur debts, but what 
is one to do when the larder is empty? 

We would suggest that our District Mission Boards 
make this a distinct part of their enlistment work. 
They could do no greater service than to persuade 
some of our churches that, the laborer is worthy of his 
hire, and thus solve a distressing situation. To free 
the worker from financial worry, that he may give his 
undivided attention to the ministry of the Word, would 
surely be worth while, and render rich returns. 

Muscatine, Iowa. 

What About Daniel? 


Have you ever thought about Daniel's test? You 
remember that his enemies conspired against him and 
planned to destroy him by means of his habits of pray- 
er. They induced the king to make a decree, prohibit- 
ing prayer to any but himself for thirty days, then 
watched Daniel's house, to catch him if he prayed 
as usual. 

Now put yourself in Daniel's place. Propound unto 
yourself the questions that may have come to Daniel, 
that would surely come to us. " Can I afford to pray 
under the circumstances? If I must pray, can I not 
pray as well, — even better,— in secret? There is no- 
where a word in the Bible that says I must open my- 
windows toward Jerusalem, kneel down and pray in 
the sight of all who may wish to see; why should I 
do so when this danger is threatening me?" 

Now, how would you answer these questions? Hon- 
estly now, can you find a command anywhere in the 
Bible, requiring Daniel to pray where those enemies 
could see? If Daniel had changed his custom for those 
thirty days, what criticism could you offer? Could 
you find fault with him? Can you state wherein he 
would have been wrong? Face this question squarely 
and think it through, before you read what more I 
may have to say. It is worth your while and will do 
you good. 

You know there are just such practical questions 
coming up each day. We have been taught a certain 
" way " from our childhood or from the day we came 
in contact with the church. That "way" brings us 
under fire of persecution. Then some one suggests that 
it is not necessary to do that way, that the Bible no- 
where specifically requires it and even Christ and the 
apostles did not practice it. He may even suggest that 
it is wrong to parade one's religion so openly, — so much 
like the Pharisees. And the more you think about it 
and take counsel of your fears, the more plausible 
his argument appears. 

Now, when you get to this point, before you begin 
to wobble, just test these arguments by applying them 
to Daniel's case. Did he have any more reason for 
following his way in prayer than you have for fol- 
lowing the way you have been taught, — in something 

Let us look at Daniel's case again. What was im- 
pelling and controlling him? Clearly, it was no spe- 
cific command in the law. If it was the law at all 
that was in his mind, it was the great general com- 
mand, "Thou shall love Jehovah thy God" (Deut. 
6: 5). A keen mind and conscience might have shown 
him an application of that law to his immediate prob- 
lem, but I doubt if it was that which decided him. 

I think it was his sense of right, given him by the 
Spirit of God which dwelt within him, that gave him 
the principles and ideals which governed him. I say, 
and you will say too, if you think, that principles and 
ideals of conduct, given by God through our " sense 
of right," are just as binding on us as those given in 
the Written Word. Certainly they never contradict 
the Word and the Word does not contradict them, nor 
do its omissions make them of no effect. Nowhere 
in the Bible is there a claim that it covers the entire 
field of the duty of man. The man that says that the 
Bible is our only authority to guide us as individuals 
or as a church, in what we shall eat, drink, wear on 
our bodies or do with mind, tongue or hand, is claim- 
ing for the Bible what it nowhere claims for itself. If 
you don't believe that, search the Scriptures and you 
will see. 
To return to Daniel, — what difference would it make 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1$18 

in our Bibles if this story were different,— if Daniel 
had closed his windows for thirty days when he 
prayed? Would you let me change your Bible and 
make it read that way? Would you want it changed 
before your boy should read it? I know what you say, 
that you'd never have it changed. You want Daniel 
to have that glory,— and your boy to have his example. 

How about your own life story? Do you want it to 
abound in glorious, inspiring, helpful passages? If so, 
" dare to be a Daniel." 

izio Twenty-fifth Ave., North, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Military Training in the Schools 


_ In the Nov. 24 issue of the Gospel Messenger I 
was very much interested in Bro. Alfred Ekroth's 
article, written in Camp Meade, Md. He says: "Many 
of our brethren never reach the Segregation Camp, 
simply because they have not been properly indoc- 
trinated as to our principles, and have neglected to 
contemplate the matter sufficiently. Therefore, after 
arriving at the Camp, they have been influenced, step 
by step, and finally have fallen in line with the sol- 
diers. Our brethren therefore, whether or not within 
the draft age limit, should be taught the Bible doc- 
trines of nonresistance." 

• Ah, how our hearts should rejoice when we see 
these young soldiers of the cross standing firm, and 
willing to meet death, if need be, for their faith! 
How sad we are if some have not the courage to stand 
for the right, but perhaps theirs is not the greater sin, 
for if their spiritual leaders did not teach them as they 
should, something may be demanded of them. 

We are called upon now to show our colors, whether 
we be in the Detention Camp or at home on the farm. 
If a brother gets exempted, he is jeered at as a cow- 
ard. He must bear this in patience, if he would do 
as the Master wants him to do. 

Even now, in our own neighborhood, a young 
brother who had been farming his father's farm for 
a number of years, was exempted temporarily because 
he is needed at home as a farmer. His father is twit- 
ted now by men, — spiritual leaders (?) in other 
churches, for being an invalid. He is not strong, he 
needs his son, but because he is a member of a church 
that stands against war, he is being twitted and ridi- 
culed. He bears it patiently and we are glad he can 
do so. 

Men try, in every way, to get our people to talk on 
the war question and I'm so glad that most of us can 
keep quiet. The less said to such people the better, 
but we need not give an uncertain sound when we 
must speak. 

A notice came out in the county paper like this : 
" Some high church dignitaries of the Mennonite 
Church went into Camp and instructed their young 
men how to act, and as the result many of them have 
decided not to ' buck ' the Government any more, but 
to go on and do what they are asked to do." Well, 
of course we all know the church dignitaries of that 
denomination would never ask their members to go on 
and do that which is contrary to their teaching and 
conscience. It is not "bucking" the Government, — 
it is standing up for the rules laid down by the King 
of kings and Lord of lords. 

Oh, how these young men need our prayers and all 
the help we can give them ! And we need to pray for 
ourselves that we be not stirred to say unkind things 
when we are reviled by neighbors and by the press. 
We should rejoice, if possible, that we can bear re- 
vilings for our Lord. 

But we are meeting something else and we should 
do everything in our power to crush the evil before 
it is loaded down on us to stay. After it comes, we 
may have to keep still and bear it. The time to use our 
influence against it is now. 

The other day the school superintendent came to the 
school and advocated military training. He said it is 
only a question of time until it will be compulsory in 
the common schools. We have an excellent teacher, 
who is doing splendid work, and we do not blame her 
in the least, but at the insistence of the superintendent 
she said the boys should drill. A young brother, the 

oldest boy in school, was appointed captain. This was 
on Friday. On Monday he returned to school and said 
he could not be captain, or drill, because it is against 
the rules of the church. 

One of the boys spoke up, as boys will, and said: 
" Awh! that old church of yours down there is full 
of beans." Another young brother stepped up then 
and said to the one who w r ould not be captain : " 1 
wish it were, don't you? " He answered: "Yes, I do; 
beans are high." 

Naturally they were left alone that day on the mili- 
tary training question. Our little boys, even, are be- 
ing called upon, you see, to bear ridicule for their 
faith. And, mothers and fathers, let us teach them to 
be firm. May we so instruct them that they may have 
the peace principle >o firmly rooted and grounded 
within them that they may meet the jeers and taunts 
of schoolmates without getting angry and that, when 
they grow older, they may be ready to meet death, if 
necessary, for their faith. 

Far rather would I see my boy shot down before 
my eyes, because he is true to his faith, than to see 
him go where he would shoot some other mother's 
son, and lose his own soul because he is a murderer. 

But there may be some mother and father who 
have taught these lessons to their sons and they have 
gone of their own free will to fight the enemy. Blame 
those parents? Never! My heart goes out in sym- 
pathy for them. Their hearts are breaking and they 
are bearing enough without our censure. Were I in 
their place, I think I could only pray: "Oh, Lord, 
bring my son back in safety. Help him to see the evil 
of shedding the blood of another." More than for his 
safe return, I think I should pray that he be kept from 
sin, — kept from taking the life of another. 

We do not know what our little boys may have to 
meet in years to come, but we can, at least, use our in- 
fluence to keep military training out of our schools. 
People seem to be going wild on the question, — so wild 
that, in their efforts to appear patriotic, they advocate 
for this country the very thing for which the United 
States says she is fighting Germany. 

Let us keep cool, let us be patient and kind! Let 
us, if reviled, revile not again, but let us dare to be 
men like Daniel ! When school authorities undertake 
to force our boys to drill, forbid it, for the Govern- 
ment does not yet demand that of us, and we need not 
do it. 

Belief oniaine, Ohio. 

Hero of that book, around whom the whole thought of 
the book centers, was " a man of sorrows and acquaint- 
ed with grief," yet the New Testament is the " glad- 
dest " book ever written. It begins with " Behold I 
bring you good tidings of great joy." It ends with the 
glad tidings: " I am the root and the offspring of Da- 
vid, the bright and morning star. And the Spirit and 
the bride say, Come. . : . And whosoever will, let him 
come and take of the water of life freely." And all 
between the two, the note of joy, struck by the angels, 
vibrates and revibrates as does the joyful chord of a 
great instrument, struck by the masterful hand of some 
great artist, as, by his skill, he causes the strings to vi- 
brate through their full length from one end to the 

In these times, when there is much to make our 
hearts sad, it seems there is nothing to be glad about. 
When Pollyanna lost the use of her limbs she said in 
despair, " Oh, I can't play the glad game now. I can 
see nothing to be glad for in this awful calamity." But 
after all she soon found that, through her sad affliction, 
she was brought in touch with dozens of people who 
came in to see her. Thus she could be a constant 
blessing, — as it were, a constant ray of sunshine shin- 
ing through the clouds. 

Fanny .Crosby who, when she found herself blind 
for life, said at first : " I'll make the best of it." Later 
she said: " I'll make the most of it." In the same way, 
Pollyanna found that she could be " glad " that her 
affliction was making her a constant benediction to 
others, and so she " made the most of it." She was 
" just glad." 

Some one has said that Paul's " all things work to- 
gether for good " is the Christian's hook upon which 
to hang all his troubles. But rather than a passive 
hook, I like to think of it as a positive joy. So of all 
people under the sun, the Christian can most of. all 
rejoice evermore, and in everything give thanks. This, 
too, even in these days of ; 

McPherson, Kans. 

The Glad Book 

" Be glad in the Lord, and rejoice, ye righteous: and 
shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart." " All things 
work together for good to them that love the Lord." 

Nowadays anyone who has not read " Pollyanna," — 
" The Glad Book," — or heard of the " glad game," can 
not claim to be up-to-date in the reading of clean, mod- 
ern fiction. But perhaps such a failure to be right up- 
to-date in such matters is not a serious thing; for some 
there are who are glad, — " just glad," — whatever comes 
or does not come, and yet they have never read Miss 
Porter's " Glad Book." Such have, however, read the 
" Glad Book " which has been handed down to us from 
the time of him who said,: " Rejoice, ye righteous, and 
shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart." 

The author of " Pollyanna " hit upon a' happy idea 
when she planned that, through her little heroine, Polly- 
anna, the " glad girl," she would reveal to the world 
the fact that in every event, whether pleasant or un- 
pleasant, there is always at least one (sometimes many 
more than one) redeeming feature, about which one 
ought to be glad. While you read the book, did you 
stop to think where Miss Porter got her idea? Her 
book, good and timely as it is, is not (as hinted above) 
the first glad book ever written. 

Just now I was looking through my concordance. I 
found the words "joy," " rejoice," "happy," "glad," 
and other words of kindred meaning no less than two 
hundred and seventy-five times. These words are used 
to describe the condition of the soul of the righteous 
man who trusts in Jehovah. The New Testament, 
viewed from one standpoint, might be regarded as the 
most tragic book ever written; but even though the 

Forgetting, Aspiring, Endeavoring 


The Apostle Paul was a many-sided man. He could 
meet any of the men of his day, or any day, on their 
own ground and come off as victor. Really, it seems 
as if " victory " was his watchword, for he never ac- 
knowledged defeat. But in his many-sidedness, in 
which he was great, there was one particular side in 
which he excelled. He was one of the greatest Chris- 
tians,- — if not the greatest, — that ever lived. So it 
Seems to us that, in selecting a standard for the new 
year, we can do no better than go to thjs great apostle 
for our slogan. Let us seek to emulate him in his great 
purpose to exalt Christ and extend his Kingdom. We 
strive for greatness in other lines, why not strive to be 
great Christians? 

The Epistle to the Philippians is primarily one of 
Christian experience. It differs from many of the oth- 
er letters written by Paul in that the church seems to 
be normal, — nothing wanting, and nothing to set in or r 
der. It is sound in doctrine, active in service, and 
"stretching" forward. It is a wonderfully strong pres- 
entation of the claims for aggressive work, and one 
can read it with profit frequently. 

In the third chapter, verses 13 and 14, the apostle 
sets forth some resolutions that are well worthy of 
emulation, as we 'are entering upon the new year, — 
have gone forward already, in fact. It is really a great 
trinity in one. The verses read (we use " Weymouth's 
Translation " ) : " Brethren, I do not imagine I have yet" 
laid hold of it. But this one thing I do, — forgetting 
everything which is past, and stretching forward to 
what lies in front of me, with my eyes fixed on the goal, 
I push on to secure the prize of God's heavenward call 
in Christ Jesus." This is a wonderful thought and full 
of inspiration and encouragement to the Christian. The 
first part of this trinity of thought is 
Practical Forgetting 

" But this one thing I do, — forgetting everything 
which is past." There are some things that it is well 
to forget. The Christinn life is a forward movement 
and there is no time to look back over the road that has 
been traveled. In the great plan of redemption, in the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 

massing of resources for victory, there is no time to 
look back to count the glories that are gone, to fondle 
some of the pet desires that have gone with the days 
and months and years. There are some things we 
would gladly forget and again there are some others 
we would keep. But Paul says : " Everything." In this 
race for eternity we have no time to go backward. The 
order is: " Forward, MARCH ! " 

Paul uses the simile of thcMarathon race. He was 
writing to those who were familiar with the Grecian 
games. Perhaps some of the " saints " or " bishops " 
or " deacons," mentioned in the first verse of the first 
chapter, had, at some time, been runners in one of the 
races and had won the prize. If so, to them the picture 
was a vivid one. They would know what oneness of 
purpose meant. To win the prize, — to have the olive 
crown put on the brow, — they had to forget what was 
behind, — the prize was ahead. 

Sonic people glory in past achievements. They live 
in them. They rest in them. Their whole life seems to' 
be wrapped up in some event or achievement, long since 
gone by. Some churches live in the past. They call 
up, continually, the " good old days " of the- fathers, 
when problems were not as complex as they are today. 
They are standing where the fathers stood, fifty or one 
hundred years ago, and bemoan the day which places 
them well along into the twentieth century. Suppose 
Paul had done this way ! He never would have been 
separated by the Holy Spirit for the great wflrk in the 
West, where he carried the Gospel as a firebrand, al- 
ways forward. He had well learned the lesson of 
" forgetting " and was seeking only the goal ahead. 
God forbid that any reader of these lines should be thus 
satisfied. God give us good " forgetters," as well as 
good memories, so that we may be in a position whole- 
heartedly to enter into this new year, unfettered, un- 
hindered, unweighted. Paul made great progress, yet 
he would never listen to self-praise. To him to live 
was Christ. His threefold ideal was: "We worship 
God in the Spirit ; we glory in Christ Jesus ; we have 
no confidence in the flesh." 

But Paul had a purpose in this " forgetting the things 
behind." He had a plan of 

Practical Aspiring 

" Stretching forward to the things that are before." 
He continues the figure of the runner in the races. The 
word " stretching " is more realistic than " reaching," 
as given in the Authorized Version. It is a stronger 
word. Let us use our imagination a little. Here is 
the race course. ' The runners have stripped for the 
race. They are well on the way. Every muscle is 
tense. Every nerve is a-tingle. The goal is ahead. See 
them stretching for it ! Thinking of something behind ? 
No, no ! All their energy, all their strength, every ef- 
fort, is being bent to that which is before. O, that this 
might be the purpose of tire church during the year 
just ahead ! So much to be won and too many still back 
in last year. God help us to " stretch " every power 
to reach the goal ! 

Paul was no dreaming idealist. He was quite prac- 
tical. At no place in his life did he " sit and dream 
himself away to realms of everlasting day." Far other- 
wise. In the days before the great light on the way to 
Damascus, he was active. No laggard there, as the 
church would bear proof. Always at it. This must be 
our attitude as we go onward upon the Christian course 
during another year. Our aspirations must be of the 
practical kind which leads to persistent doing. This is 
not a time for laggards. The course is open, the way 
is clear. The quarter post, the half-way mark, the 
three-quarter post, are all set, and the goal is fixed. 
The way is strait and narrow, and there is no room 
for encumbrances. Let us " anew our journey pursue," 
lay aside every weight and the sin that does so easily 
beset us, and run with joy the race that is set before, 
us, looking unto Jesus, the Author and Finisher of our 
faith ! He is the goal. It is upon him that our eyes 
should be fixed, and this brings us to the last of our 
trinity : 

, Persistent Endeavor 

" I push on to secure the prize of God's heavenward 
call in Christ Jesus." Note the word " push." He has 
stretched on past the quarter post, half-way mark, 
three-quarter post, and is now nearing the goal. The 
prize is just ahead. What matters the bonds on hands, 

the stocks on the feet? He is free in Jesus Christ. 
That liberty lends speed to tire brave apostle as he nears 
the goal. He is near the cry of triumph as he nears the 
end. " I am ready to be offered. I have fought a good 
fight. I have kept the faith. I have won the crown." 
Persistent endeavor? Yes. How won? By not look- 
ing for the things behind but by stretching for the 
things ahead, pressing forward to the goal for the prize. 
Is it worth while? 

Beloved, let us take an inward look of ourselves and, 
seeing our frailties, our weaknesses, let us bury them 
in Christ, forget them in his blood, and then take an 
upward look to him who is our strength and, forgetting 
the things that are behind, stretching forward to the 
things that are before, let every one resolve to press 
on toward the goal unto the " prize of the high calling 
in Christ Jesus." 

If this be our resolve for the New Year, then may 
we expect victory to crown our race, God's name will 
be glorified, Christ exalted and the Holy Spirit hon- 
ored, and we shall have done much to bring peace into 
this old war-stricken world of ours, — the peace which 
passeth understanding. May God help us to be faith- 
ful ! 

Bellcfoniainc, Ohio. 

The Supreme Principle 


The supreme and essential principle of the religion 
of Christ is righteousness, or " holiness, without which 
no man shall see the Lord." The fact that many people 
fail to recognize this principle as supreme, accounts for 
the dissensions in regard to the letter of the law, and 
is also responsible for the lukewarm attitude of many 

The standard set by the Master is high and nar- 
row : " Ye therefore shall be perfect." This does not 
admit of a middle course of weaving back and forth be- 
tween the broad way and the narrow, but a presenting 
of our bodies as living sacrifices, wherein the old man 
of sin has been slain, not simply made unconscious for 
a season, ready to spring up into a renewal of power, 
but slain, and his place filled by the new man of right- 
David said : "Create in me a clean heart, O God, and 
renew a right spirit within me." I like that word " re- 
new." It shows that David did have the right spirit 
before his transgression, but he lacked the clean heart 
and so lust crept in and slew the right spirit for a sea- 
son. It is easy to duplicate David's experience. To 
have a desire to serve God, surely that is the right spir- 
it, and yet we may still lack the clean heart. If we al- 
low the things of this world to keep their accustomed 
place, Satan still has a foothold, and some unlucky day 
he will take the scepter for a season, and leave us to 
sink afterward in sorrowful remorse. 

David solved the problem when he besought God for 
the clean heart, and God gave the answer in him who 
is " faithful and just to forgive our sins and to cleanse 
us from all unrighteousness." That last clause is our 
safeguard, — "to cleanse us from all unrighteousness." 
God is able to take from our hearts our natural tend- 
ency to disobey him and to put in its place an habitual 
disposition to serve him, so that temptations to sin will 
not touch any answering chord in our hearts. Then we 
will not be tempted above that we arc able to with- 
stand. If we were all able and willing to put first things 
first, to give supremacy to the best things, both in re- 
ligion and in the common affairs of life, Satan would 
soon run out of disguises, and he' would fail to deceive 
the multitude as he is doing now, for in the clean heart 
the Holy Spirit dwells with power and might, to over- 
throw all aggressive attempts of the evil one. The 
Holy Spirit can not, however, dwell in a divided heart. 

partment, others, at present, arc in the Ambulance Corps, 
and most of them in the Sanitary Department of the Medi- 
cal Corps. All of our boys at Funston do something. 
There is no such a thing at Funston as a "Detention Camp," 
for noncombataiAs who do nothing at all, as at some of 

I am glad to report that our Brethren seem to make 
the best of the conditions, without complaint. They have 
won the respect of the officers and arc treated fine. Only 
a few regrettable incidents occurred at the first, due to the 
fact that the officers did not seem to understand the posi- 
tion of our people. That caused some unpleasantness. The 
health of the boys has been good, with a few exceptions. 

In Barracks 527 are not only Brethren, but Mcnnonites 
of different branches.— Friends and others,— who assist in 
the work of sanitation. 

At my first visit I found that the only convenient time 
for the boys to meet for worship was Sunday afternoon. 
So we set 2 P. M. for the worship, which is held each 
Sunday. During the quarantine of the Camp this was dis- 
pensed with, but we resumed the regular worship again 
Dec. 23. 

The Mennonite ministers visit the Camp twice each 
month. All worship together. I had the pleasure of 
preaching to about a hundred, and it was a very spiritual 
meeting. Each one seemed to hunger for the Truth, as 
the only Guide in their hours of new and strange experi- 
ences. What they need is the pure Gospel,— the message 
of faith, and hope, and love. The general atmosphere of 
an Army Camp is not uplifting, so a greater measure of 
the Divine Spirit is needed to sustain higher standards. 

The boys have no complaint about physical comforts. 
Even in the coldest weather the barracks were comfortably 
warm. Their food is simple but wholesome. All the sol- 
diers gained in weight, an average of from fifteen to twenty 
pounds. This means about 400 tons of weight was added to 
all the soldiers in Camp. 

The four Districts of Kansas and Colorado and the Dis- 
trict of Nebraska have provided visitors for Funston, so 
that some one is there each Sunday. All who write to the 
boys, will please tell them to attend services each Sunday 
at Barracks 527, at 2 P. M. D. W. Kurtz. 

McPhcrson, Kans. 

Camp Funston 

I did not report sooner about Camp Funston because 
I am only one of four visitors, and some of the others had 
more experience than myself, and I did not want to be 

I have thirty-two boys on my list. Some of these are 
not members, but are children of members. About half 
of these are in the " Noncombatant Barracks," No. 527. 
Some of the boys are in regular drill,— either because they 
wished to be, or failed to insist on the noncombatant certif- 
icate, or for other reasons. £ome are in the Cooking De- 

At Camp Grant 

Recently I visited Camp Grant, and I soon saw that its 
environments extend over many rich and fertile acres of 
Northern Illinois land. The story of its rise and rapid 
growth, and of its present efficient operation, is one of the 

spects. arise to the emergencies which arc now upon her, 

A glimpse of the barracks is enough to make the visitor 
understand the meaning of the words,. — step, — step. Every- 
thing is in perfect order; system prevails everywhere. 

The day I visited the barracks a fierce blizzard was on, 
—a regular Dakota blizzard.— high wind, snow and low 
temperatures,— yet I found all the boys (Brethren) save 
one. who was transferred, housed in comfortable halls, 
roomy and with plenty of light and air. 

Cleanliness holds good all through the Camp, as far as 
I can see. A frequent bath is recommended to each camp- 
er and woe to the fellow that docs not keep trim and clean. 

f found none of our boys idle— I mean the young breth- 
ren. One is serving as clerk at headquarters in 161st Bri- 
gade One is engaged as cook in the Quartermaster's De- 
partment, — the kitchen and mess department. — which I 
found clean and sanitary. The kitchen is well-equipped 
with everything needed to make cooking easy. All the 
food is prepared and served with strict care and attention 
to the requirements of health and sanitation. 

The menus are drawn up by men who know food and 
the needs of the human body, and the meals are served 
by men whose hands are inspected before each meal. 
When the meal is over, the dishes are washed and sterilized 
in a big dishwasher of the latest invention. All refuse is 
duly cared for and the laws of public health are strictly 

Another brother drives a truck in the 86th division of the 
supply train. He is rejoicing, since he was lately trans- 
ferred from the infantry. 

Still another brother, from Mt. Morris College, is serv- 
ing in Company 344, — the Base Hospital. He is also happy 
that he can minister to the crying needs of the hour. 

Our stay in Camp Grant was limited, but I feel there is 
an opportunity there for the right kind of man. It is a 
place where they rise early and go to bed early: a place of 
hard work; a place of interesting study and helpful recre- 
ation; a place from which they will emerge erect, trim, and 
with rosy cheeks. I believe they will love work and love 
play as they never did before. After all some good may 

In conclusion. I would like to suggest to all concerned 
that it is our privilege now,— today, during the war,— to 
make life more pleasant and worth while in the Camps, by 
visiting our boys, writing them, and sending them news- 
paper clippings of local interest. 

It is our privilege to cause the boys in the Camp to feel 
that God has not forgotten them in these testing times. We ' 
should also make them realize that they can depend on the 
Brethren to help them in bearing grave responsibilities, 
and follow up with our prayers. J. M. Myers. 

Stanley, Wis. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 


Paper Adopted by the Goshen Conference 


To the Honorable Woodrow Wilson, President of the 
United States, Greeting:— 

We, the Church of the Brethren, in a Special National 
Conference, held at Goshen, Ind.. Jan. 9, 1918, representing 
100 000 members, memorialize the Honorable Woodrow 
Wilson, President of the United States, m behalf of our 
people, inviting his attention to the following items of facts 
and presenting herein the petitions appended: 

Appreciating the generous laws of our country, afford- 
ing protection to our property and persons, and the enjoy- 
ment of civil and religious liberty, we declare our Royalty 
to our country, and 1c 

in their behalf, in the perilo 
I. We gratefully acknowledge the 


r . .viding for us, and other religious bodies, 
according to the constitution of the United States, exemp- 
tion from combatant military service on the ground of our 
time-honored principles and conscientious convictions 
against taking part in war in any form. 

II. Our church, from its organization, two hundred years 
ago, has held tenaciously as a tenet of its creed that war 
is contrary to the spirit and teaching of the New Testa- 
ment Scriptures and all members of the church are for- 
bidden to engage in wa 

Ol thl- 

chized and 


bership. Through long-time public teaching and 
personal presentation of this nonresistant doctrine, it has 
gained deep-seated root and residence in the very life-cen- 
tres and faith-centres of our people, so much so that many 
have suffered loss of property, personal bodily violence and 
imprisonment, and in a few cases, death, rather than yield 
to pressure brought to bear against them to engage in mili- 
tant service. The early immigration of our people to 
America was for the purpose of escaping religious perse- 
cution and enforced military service, seeking here freedom 
to worship God according to the dictates of their own 

III. We believe in the good faith and intent of the Presi- 
dent and of the others who assisted in the framing of this 
law, and of Congress in passing it. But while the law is di- 
rect and instructions specific, the application of its provi- 
sions by some Draft Boards has been varied. The treatment 
in the Training Camps has been considerate. And while the 
young men in the Camps have spoken in favorable terms 
of provisions for their care, and in manv instances of re- 
spectful and generous treatment after their claims for their 
convictions were fully understood, yet, in some cases, re- 
ligion and religious convictions have been subjected to 
contempt and ridicule,— the bearing and spirit of the Camps 


.It lie 

cloak for cowardice, or as an indication of lack of pa- 
triotic courage, instead of a sincere religious conviction, 
and to make conscientious objections so unpopular as to 
dishearten the timid in their convictions, and to force them 
into the militant ranks. These facts tend to create alarm 
and distrust in the minds of our people, in regard to ef- 
ficiency in the application of the provision in the selective 
draft law. 

In the Detention Camps, which have been graciously pro- 
vided by the Government, the men have been almost abso- 
lutely without employment. Idleness, itself, is a misfor- 
tune and peril. Men with the virility and energy of their 
age. and consciences quickened by their religion, and vet 
detained, month after month, in idle waiting, become dis- 
tressed and suffer the moral peril incident to nonemploy- 


ith th. 


Statement of Special Conference of the Church of the 

Brethren to the Churches and the Drafted Brethren 

Amidst all the confusion that is upon the earth at this 
time, and with the force and argument resident tn the cir- 
cumstances of the present war, the appeals to reason and 
human judgment, in regard to the claims of justice and 
freedom, we appreciate the difficult dilemma into which 
men are brought in deciding their position and course. In 
it all. however, we must know that the final authority and 
determining arbiter for us must be found, not in our feel- 
ing or popular acclaim, or persuasions of men. or in our 
own reasoning, but in the N'ew Testament, which we claim 
as our creed,— a revelation of God's Will, a standard of 
human conduct both as to morals and religion. 

Therefore this Conference of the Church of the Brethren 
hereby declares her continued adherence to the principles 
of nonresistancc, held by the church since its organization 
in 1708. 

I. We believe that war or any participation in war is 
wrong and entirely incompatible with the spirit, example, 
and teachings of Jesus Christ. 

IT. That we can not conscientiously engage in any activ- 
ity or perform any function, contributing to the destruction 
of human life. 

I. The Old Testament Was Fulfilled in Christ, Hence 
Not the Christian's Guide. 

to destroy the law or the prophets 
> fulfill " f" " 


ring us unto rhrist, 
nut now (lint faith Is C. . 
<Gnl. 3: 24. 25). "For he 'Christ! is 
me. nnd l.rako ilnwn the middle wall 

in his flesh the enmilv. even the law of 
ght creaf 
e" (Kph 
; or oia time spok-en unto the fathers 

portions ami in divers manners, hath at the end of 
^mlii'ii unto ii* in hk Son. whom he appointed h 
;. through whom also he made the worlds " <Heb. 

II. Some Teachings of the New Testament, the Ch 

V. In view of all these facts, and in accord with the pro 
isions of the Constitution, which vouchsafes religious free 
lorn to all subjects, stipulating that " Congress shall mak( 
Respecting an establishment of religion or prohibit' 

ing the free exercise thereof" (Amendment, Art. 1), 
earnestly and humbly pray the President of the United 
States to assign to us our noncombatant duties in agricul- 
ture and the peaceful industries, where loyal and valuable 
service to our country may be rendered without violence 
to conscience, and in a way that will avoid the unhapoy 
in the effort to apply the provisions for 

combatant ser 

with our nonresistant principles, relief work 
ork, here or elsewhere, at the judg- 


of and. if need be, 

ontrol of the Goven 

estly and humbly pray that these petitions maj 

Your humble servants. 

H. C. Early, Moderator. 
Otho Winger. Reading Clerk. 
J. J. Yoder. Writing Clerk. 

not to destroy, but to fulfill" (MHtt. 
> end of the Inw unto righteousness t 
a " (Rom. 10: 4). "So that the law Is hcoom 


nlned In ordln 

W.t ho- 

1M by 

wall of partition, having 
he law of commandments 
might create In himself of the 
" " (Eph. 2: 14, 75). "God. 
fathers In the prophets by 
_ . _s, hath at the end of these 
Son, whom he appointed heir of all 
" 2). 

i Rule of A 


ns are servants of Christ "But if any man hath 
if Christ, he is none of his" (Rom. 8: fi). " F__ 
n you, which was also In Christ Jesus " (Philpp. 2 

otlvntes the Christian's conduct. "Hereby know 
e. he laid down his life for us: and we nucht to 
res for the brethren " (1 John 3: 161. " Te hi 
said. Thou shalt love thy l 

(Matt Ji: 4:m':,i ' "'• I 

.it despiteful! 

Id di 

that love th> 

that perseeut' 

•ay for 

<■■'■ ■■■■ i.., to you that 
do good to them that hate you, bless 
v for them "__: 

cheek offer also the 

lOTe them that love you, what thank 
love those that love them. 

.... uut love your enemies, and do 
rd shall be great, and ye shall 


is said to 

■ shall kill 

the judgniei 

Ye have heard that it was said, 

■11: bnt whosoever smlteth thee 'on thy 'right cheek, ti 

I!. 3fl). "Render to no ir 

Take thought for things honorable in the sight 

with all men Avenge not yourselves. hol..v.-d, hut give pi 


and yet say that there are noncombatant duties which they 
could do but which can not be obtained without the uni- 

The authoritative statement was made to our young men 
in Camp that "there is no absolutely noncombatant serv- 
ice under military control." Further, that if men arc cooks, 
or in ambulance service, or in the medical corps, they are 
supposed to be armed, and if they or the work in their 
hands is attacked, they must use their arms in defense, and 
at any time, when ordered to do so. 

Many of these men would enter into monetary bonds 
to remain faithful to the Government, if permitted to enter 
constructive occupations and assist in the planting and 
gathering of crops, in harmony with their religious con- 

IV. The cry everywhere is for the conservation of our 
men. The raising of food products, the production of 
fuel, the manufacture of needful articles and the transpor- 
tation of all these are fundamentally necessary. The con- 
scription of men for the care and carrying on of the pro- 
ductive and peaceful industries and the transportation of 
their products is already in the thought of the Govern- 

[ n tooth for n tooth: but I 

t Is evil: 

him the other also" (Matt 0: 38, 3fl). 

s> thought for 

If it be 
men. Ai „_ 
the wrath of God: 
" -11 recocipe 

im ; If lie thirst, give him to drink j_ for in so doing 

II. but overcome 8 evil wiV'good " 9 (Ro 
Put up again thy 
take the sword shall perish with the sword ' 
Testis answered [Pilate]. Mv kingdon 
orld: If my kingdom were of this world, then 
" t. that " 

kingdom not from hence" (John 18: 
„_. c walk in the flesh, we do not war nccoL 
flesh (for the -weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, hut 

tils hefld. Be 
" (Rom. 12: 11 
him, Put up again thy sword into Its pla 
_ . jrd shall perish with *" 

iMiitt. 21?: :">■_•). -'Jesus answered fPilnte], Mv fcinedn 
'" ly kingdom were of tills world, ther 
ts ficlit. that I should not he delivered to the Jews: 
s my kingdom not fro 
hough we walk in the flesh, 
esh (f« 
nighty before God to the casting down of strongholds) " (2 Cor. 


privilege. " Blessod are ye when men shall n-proneli 
, and say nil manner of evil against yo 
Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great Is 
hets that 
forth as sheep 

for they 

and before governors and kings shall 
ike. for a testimony to them nnd 
they deliver you up, be not anxious 
. . . For it Is not ye that spenk 
*peaketh In you" (Matt. 10: 


former days, In which, after ye were enlightened, ye endured 
n treat conflict of ..iifiVrincs : partly, hei 
l.oth liv reproaches and afflictions; 

mission on them that were in homR and took |o\ fully the spoil- 
ing of your possessions, knowing Hint ve have for voiirsolves a 
better possession nnd an abiding one. Cast not away therefore 
vour boldness, which hath great recompense of reward. For ve 
have need of patience, that, bavin e done the will of God, ye mav 
receive the promise" (Hcb. 10: 32-36). 

6. The instructions of John the Baptist to the soldiers (Luke 
3: 14). nnd the Lord's Mic E .-tk.n that tli'-v s<!l their cloaks and 
buy swords, and his final saving that two swords are sufficient 
(Luke 22: 35-38), when studied in the text and cont^vt. arc 
against military warfare, rather than In its favor. 

III. The Lord's Example. 
"Because rhri-i .i|-;<-, ■■.iifrVrmi for you, leaving 
that ye should follow his steps-: who '" 
trulle found In his mouth: who. when hf 
acaln: whm he suffered threatened n< 
self to him that indgeth righteously: who hie 
our Bins In his hody unon the tree, that we, h 

righteousness: bv whose stripes 


of evil against you falsely, 
ling glad: for great Is vour 
ted thev the prophets that we 
lehold, I send you forth as i ' 
therefore wise ns serpents, 
of men: for the' 
Us. and In their 

sake, for n testimony to them and to the'Gentiles. But 

that spenk, but the Knirlt of vour 
(Matt. 10: 16-20). "If ve were of 
world would love Its own: but because 

I. !eth you" (John 13: 1 

ftly, being made a cr/hie 

sin, neither ■ 

. : - .'■. , 

. n self t 
having died i 

IV. The Teachings and Example of the Apostolic 


fathers endured. 

Jewish and 

Inciples of 

The Church's Attitude Toward the Government 

I. We arc loyal citizens of this great nation, which has 
been and is now a safeguard of our religious liberties and 
the protector of our homes and loved ones. 

II. Our attitude towards Civil Governments and rulers 
should be carefully taken into account. We are taught 
that Governments are ordained of God, and that the ad- 
ministrators of Government arc ministers of God. As such 
we are to be in subjection to them (Rom. 13: 1-7). We 
are admonished to pray for the rulers and magistrates and 
for those in authority (1 Tim. 2: 1-2). 

The word and authority of God. however, must be final 
and supreme over all. And when the demands of men and 
of Governments conflict with the Word of God, we are 
then bound by the latter, regardless of consequences. 
" Whether it is right in the sight of God to hearken unto 
vou fmagistrates] rather than unto God, judge ye" (Acts 
4: 19). "But Peter and the apostles answered and said, 
>bey God rather than man " (Acts 5: 29). There- 



First. That our various congregations pray without 
ceasing for the rulers of our nation that the nation may 
again enjoy peace, and that blood-shedding and destruction 

Second.' That they contribute liberally to the relief of 
human suffering, both in men and money. 

Third. That thev express their gratitude to God for 
our favored position and freedom from the devastation of 
war, bv giving freelv of our substance for constructive 
relief w*ork, such as Red Cross, Y. M. C A., Friends' Re- 
lief Work, or through our own Service Committee. 

Fourth. We urge our people to put fortti their utmost 
effort in this world crisis, laboring with their hands, cul- 
tivating our fields and gardens and vacant lands, plant- 
ing only such crops as will contribute to the real neces- 
sities of life; also that they practice the greatest economy 
in clothing, food, and all supplies which may, mechanically 
or otherwise, aid in the production and transportation of 
food, clothing and fuel, so that a suffering and hunger- 
ing world may be clothed, warmed and fed. 

Appeal for Greater Efforts in Church and . . 

Mission Work 

The present crisis has aroused the self-sacrifice of all 
classes of people in the interests of suffering humanity. 
The spirit of sacrifice is with us. Our young people are 
restless to do something commensurate with the sacrifices 
of others, but they must have a cause. 

We urge that the supreme cause of the Kingdom of God 
be held up before them so repeatedly and continuously that 
they will enlist in its service. Our young people should 
be made to see that there can be no permanent peace with- 
out Christianity, and Christianity can not become real in 
the world without the heroic, self-sacrificing work of mis- 
sions. The world will not be safe for democracy until it 
is safe for truth. The greatest service we can render hu- 
lity is the promotion of the Kingdom of God. And all 

We need more pastors, and churches should elect and 
encourage suitable brethren for this work. The Sunday- 
schools have a great task to inculcate the true Gospel in- 
to the hearts of men, in this age of materialism, skepticism, 
and carnage. We urge that special efforts be made to se- 
cure volunteers for our mission work. As others give their 
sons for the trenches, we should give ours for the salva- 
tion of the world. When the spirit of self-sacrifice is mani- 
fest on every hand, it is opportune to enlist the young peo- 
ple in the holy cause of missions, where they can give 
thi ' " 


crifice for the "things tha 
We urge upon the whole church greatly to inc 

offerings for" the cause of missions. The excess profits, 
due to the war. should all be given for the promotion of 
the Kingdom of God. of which the mission work is a most 
vital part. We believe with Dr. Mott and Sherwood Eddy, 
that, during this world crisis, no one should "lay up treas- 
ure on earth," but give all that he can for the salvation 
of the world. 

The Gospel of Jesus Christ is the source and foundation 

of all our blessings, and the onlv hope of an enduring 

peace. Therefore let us give our lives and our means to 

promote his Gospel, at home and abroad. 

Other Provisions 

We are petitioning the Government to give our drafted 
brethren such industrial noncombatant service as will con- 
tribute constructively to the necessity, health and comfort 
of hungering, suffering humanity, either here or elsewhere. 

We further urge our brethren not to enlist in any serv- 
ice which would, in any way, compromise our time-hon- 
ored position in relation to war; also that they refrain from 
wearing the military uniform. The tenets of the church 
forbid military drilling, or learning the art or arts of war, 
or doing anything which contributes to the destruction 
of human life or property. 

We commend the loyalty of the brethren in the Camps 
for their firm stand in not participating in the arts of war. 
We do not wish to oppose the consciences of those breth- 
ren who, in some Camps, found work which they felt they 
could conscientiously do, but we urge them to do only such 


in the 

of destructit 

Provision for Special War Relief and Reconstruction 
Work. Committee appointed: J. E. Miller, Galen B. Royer, 
Clarence Lahman. 

Duties of committee: It shall be the duty of this com- 
mittee to devise wavs and plans by which our people can 
do relief and reconstruction work, either independently or 
nth other organizations, and it shall be au- 
„ rr eal for. and receive, funds, and carefully 
ister the disbursing of the 


side assistant 

this report, to which shall he amended a suitable cnurcn 
membership certificate blank. That the elders or clerks 
of each congregation be urged to procure from the House 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 

sufficient copies to supply one t 
Camp, and to each one as he n 
That, if need be, these may b< 
Camps as the final and highest auth 


-ity fr, 


the future, 
officers of 
the church 


■vhich they belong. 


Central Service Committee 

We ask the Special National Conference, assembled at 
Goshen, Ind., Jan. 9, 1918, to appoint a Central Service 

This committee shall consist of not less than three mem- 
bers, and it will supplant the " Special Peace Committee.' 

The duties of this committee shall be: 

1 To represent the Church of the Brethren at Washing- 
ton in all matters pertaining to the church's relation to 
the Government, in problems arising from the war. 

2. It shall advise with all the committees that visit the 
Training Camps, and shall receive reports from them and 
aid in unifying their work. ,_..«. ui 

3. It shall be the final avenue through which problems 
of the draft, and of the Brethren in the Camps shall be ad- 
justed, when local efforts fail in bringing about a satisfac- 
tory adjustment. 

4. This 


e may < 
of othe 



rilar l 

■ h 

the great need of raising funds for the relief of the starv- 
ing in the Bible lands, it was decided not to have the us- 
ual Sunday-school treat, and to dispense with the giving 
of presents at this time. It was agreed upon that the 
money usually thus spent, together with the evening 
offering, be appropriated to this worthy cause. It was 
impressive to see how eager the children were to sacrifice 
these pleasures for the sake of the hungry. As a result, 
$42 was raised. It was an enjoyable occasion and all 
seemed happy for having a part in caring for the needy 
ones, thereby rendering service to the Master. 

We regret very much that we are compelled to drop the 
work at this place. The mere thought of it is distressing 
to these earnest, appreciative people, hut on account of 
the strong pressure to return to Lake Ridge, and give 
more assistance in the work there, this step is imperative. 
May God bless the seed here sown, and may some fruit 
of this brief period of sowing be realized! 

Ludlowville, N. Y„ Jan. 3. R. A. Ncdrow. 

We feel sure if the good things heard during the discussior 
of these topics are put into practice, our schools, our super 
intendents, our teachers and our pupils, will reap a rich har 
vest for the Kingdom in 1918. 

At 7:30 Bro. Wine, of Fort Worth, Texas, conducted ; 
Child Rescue service, after which Bro. Samuel Badger, o 
Manvcl, gave us a good sermon. 

On Thursday morning the organization for the Mini 
Meeting resulted in the election of Bro. J. F. Hoke, Mod* 
ator; Bro. E. M. Kidwcll, Reading Clerk; Bro. Lee Dad 
man, Writing Clerk. After the usual opening i 
following live questions were considered : 



. tho Church? 

During the aftcrno 
care of the churches, 
benefits in connection 

uses of this committee for 

nd for the chairman of the committee, who 
cside much of his time in Washington, 
which requires an ample compensation, and other expenses, 
shall be paid by the Treasurer of Annual Meeting. 


Owing to the quarantine against paralys 
and September, our work was very much 
handicapped. Our meetings were delay< 
several months hav 


first ■ 

cek in August, 

were held 
-Eld. S. A. 

iring August 
rranged and 
ind the past 
)us ones for 

Sanger prc- 

Committee: W. j. Swigart, I. W. Taylor, C. D. Bonsack. Chape i Aug 


""Write what thoi 

VCE \ 

the churches" I 

Wc met in council Dec. 15 at the East house, with our 
elder, Bro. Lafayette Steele, presiding. Bro. Hiram For- 
ney, of Goshen, was also with us. Bro. Steele was reelect- 
ed as our elder for three years. Brethren Reuben Houser 
and Frank Riser were chosen Sunday-school superin- 
tendents and Brethren C. N. Weaver and Delbcrt Mag- 
nus, Christian Workers' presidents. We expect Eld. T. 
E. George, of South Bend, Ind., to be with us in a series 
of meetings, to begin Oct. 6 and to continue over our com- 
munion, Oct. 19. 

Our Sunday-school sent $27.50 to help support the Ar- 
menian sufferers. It has been the custom of our Sunday- 
school to treat the little folks at Christmas, but they were 
willing to forego that pleasure this year and give the 
amount of $2.50 to the Armenian children. The teacher, 
Elvy Summers, calls them the "Little Mission Band." 
They number about twenty. 

The Christian Workers rendered a splendid Christmas 
program on Sunday evening, which consisted of songs 
and speaking. Eld. S. S. Blough preached for us on Sat- 
urday evening. Sunday morning and again in the evening. 
On Monday morning he began the Bible 
o'clock, which continued till Saturday c 
were three periods of fifty minutes each in the fore 
and two in the evening. He gave us two sessions 
Book of Mark— our Sunday-school lessons for the 
ing year. Wc also studied the Book of Epk-"- 
one period on Christian Nu 
ance were good, considering the inclement weather. An 
average of about seventy-five were at each session. Bro. 
Blough surely put forth every effort to make this Insti- 
tute interesting. On Sunday morning, after the Institute, 
Bro. Blough preached a splendid sermon. In the evening, 
instead of the Christian Workers' Meeting and preach- 
ing, the entire time was turned over to the Mission Band 
from the Bethany Bible School, of Chicago. They gave us 
some very interesting talks along thr 1: " 

uring th. 


A missionary program was given at the M 

I. Bro. R. G. West, of Hebron Seminary, 
,nd gave interesting and helpful points con- 
cerning the Seminary work. This was our last service un- 
til the first Sunday in October, when wc resumed our 
work with a Rally Day in the Sunday-school. 

Eld. C. M. Driver, of Staunton, Va„ came to us Nov. 4 
and began a week's series of meetings at Evergreen. He 
preached ten soul-stirring sermons, giving a short talk 
each evening on some phase of practical life. Bro. Driver 
is a man of strong, Christian character and preached the 
Word with power. While there were no visible results, 
the church was much strengthened and many seemed near 
the Kingdom. The attendance and interest grew to the 
close. On Sunday night many were turned away for lack 
of room. We feel that the meeting closed all too soon. 
Our love feast was held on Saturday evening, Nov. 10, 

session the question of the pastoral 
s to the perpetuation of growth, its 
th the annual visits, and in conserving 
the results of the revival, were treated in a very spiritual and 
helpful way. 

Sister Bond read a good essay, and then the question of 
" Our Supreme Need in the Present World Crisis " was com- 
mented on in general. Some of the things mentioned were: 
Faith, love for God, and a greater and better conception of 
the Bible teaching on the doctrine of peace. 

At 7 : 30 wc met around the Lord's tables and engaged in 
a most spiritual love feast and communion service. Our elder, 
Bro. J. A. Miller, officiated, assisted by Bro. A. J. Wine. 

Friday morning we met in the District business session. 
Bro. Miller was chosen as Moderator; Bro. Badger, Reading 
Clerk; Bro. J. B. Firestone, Writing Clerk. The usual scrip- 
ture (Acts 15) was read by the Clerk. Bro. Miller then gave 
us an instructive talk on Ihe origin and growth of our District 
and Annual Conferences. 

The reports of the different church delegates were given, 
which show that some real work has been done during the 
past year. But the need of still greater work is apparent on 


The brethr. 

O. H. Willard 
rial work. One 
goodly number 
Bro. Sanger off 
He began a i 
ued until Dec. 


and sisters at Mountain Grove Chapel ir 

15, with Eld. S. A. Sanger presiding. Bi 

;signed larger duties in his minis' 

eceived by letter. In the evening 

nded the Lord's table in a love fea 

g at this place Nov. 26 and cont 
wing to Bro. Sanger's physical cc 
ip in and Willard filled several : 
and assisted in the baptismal services, 
weather, the attendance and interest were i 
pted Christ, twenty-on. 


and attend- 

cellent. Thirty-fi 
tized, seven restored and 
day, Dec. 9, the ice was c 
and seven were buried b 
Tuesday five inches of ic 
baptized, ranging in ages 
The church has indeed en 


the rite. 

to the depth of three inches 
eath the liquid stream. On 
was cut and ten more were 
om nine to sixty-eight years, 
yed a season of great rejoic- 

the \ 



The Sunday-school and praye 
encouraging during the year. C 
ing hold of the work in an inte 
to the progress of the work. 

neetiug have been very 
young people are tak- 
ting way, adding much 

al songs. Our 

:il will be the 



third Saturday in March, at the East housi 
R. D. 3, North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 2. M 


During the year 1917 the writer has been preaching in 
the Presbyterian church at Ludlowville to splendid con- 
gregations. No services of any kind had been held in this 
church for almost a year previous. 

There are very few Presbyterians at this place, but 
quite a few Baptists, some Episcopalians, and several 
families of the Brethren church; also many who arc not 
affiliated with any religious body. These were all hun- 
gry for the Word. Repeated calls came from this place 
for preaching. After consulting some of the Brethren, we 
took up the work. A union Sunday-school was organized 
early in the year and continued until the present time. 

The interest and attendance have steadily increased and 
the plain Word is being received joyfully. Some time ago 
a man in his eighty-first year walked to our home— a dis- 
tance of two and one-half miles— to learn more about the 
practice of the Brethren church. Later, he started to walk 
six miles, to attend services at Lake Ridge. Others are 
equally interested. 

A joint meeting of the Union and Methodist Sunday- 
schools was held at this place on Monday evening, Dec. 

if our brethren have been called to the 
of our young men from the Sunday- 
have been called. Wc remembered them 
a pocket Testament for Christmas, 
holidays have been full and busy— aid- 
ng brethren, in filling out questionnaires, distributing 
lothing among the needy, sewing, visiting the sick, etc. 

We take this opportunity to express our appreciation 
o the Sisters' Aid Societies who have so kindly contro- 
lled to the work. May the Lord add his blessings. 
Pirkey, Va., Dec. 31. Nelie Wampler. 


The first session of the above Conference convened at Roan- 
oke, La., on Wednesday morning, Dec 26— the gathering be- 
ing a Sunday-school Convention. The organization was ef- 
fected as follows: Bro. Lee Dadisman, of Kenedy, Texas, 
Moderator; Sister Bond, of Pleasant Grove, Texas, Writing 
Clerk; Sister Anna Bowers, of Roanoke, Reading Clerk. 

After reading the rules governing the meeting, and devo- 
tional exercises, the following important questions were 
earnestly and ably discussed: 

■ Chu 



isential _ 

1 (■•) How ABSlst Htm I 

': (a) Qualifications, (b) How and By J 


Superintendent"; fa) BssentUl_Quallflcatlon_B 
Should He Attend Convention 


(Continued on Pag 

s 58 




— — WML! ssa """" 

God's Help in Temporal Perplexities 

Luke 12; 22-31 
For Week Beginning February 3, 1918 

1. The Christian in a World of Care.— Temporal anx- 
ieties are a familiar experience in all of our homes,— a part 
of the divine discipline of character. Whoever we may be, 
or whatever our beliefs, there are three necessities none of 
us may ignore, — the need for food, for clothing, for shelter. 
Care is the lurking shadow in the morrow's thought. Wc 
forget that this world is our Father's realm, and that we 
are in our Father's care (John IS: 2; 16: 33; 2 Cor. 4: 8, 9; 
Psa. 18: 6; 88: 9; 116: 3; Job 14: 1). 

2. The Cause of Care.— Carking care is essentially a dis- 
trust of God, and therefore a spiritual problem. It arises 
from our attempt to worship both God and Mammon, or 
from the mistaken view of life which counts its value by 
the things possessed. Religion's task is the cure of anx- 
iety (Psa. 42: 5. 6; Prov. 24: 10; Isa. 40; 28; Matt. 8: 26). 

3. Our Father Cares for Us.— The .tender solicitude of 
Divine Providence is shown in all of Jesus' teaching. He 
realized that urgent need can only be met by abounding 
provision.—" Your Father knoweth ye have need of these 
things" (Matt. 6: 26. 30-33; Acts 14: 17; 1 Cor. 2: 9; 2 Cor. 
9: 8-10; Phiipp. 4: 19). 

4. Nature's Lesson of Trust.— Christ's object lesson of 
the birds and the flowers is most significant. He reminds 
us that God's care for the flowers is an evident rebuke 
of his children's feverish anxieties concerning their own 
wants Life's seasons are of his planning (Matt. 10: 29, 
30, 31; Rom. 8: 28; Psa. 36: 6, 7; 65: 11-13; 104: 10-14). 

5. Christ's Solution of the Problem.— He would have us 
get rid of all anxiety, but ever bear in mind the necessity 
of foresight. These details fall into the field of human 
providence,— something more than the mere provision for 
earthly wants. It is the exercise of religious faith, and 
should be directed toward higher than earthly blessings. 
Life at its best is more than mere care of the body. The 
supreme quest of life is the satisfaction of those needs of 
the soul which only our trust and abiding in his friendship 
can give (Psa. 37: 5; SS: 22; Jer. 17: 7, 8; Phiipp. 4: 6, 7). 

The Foolishness of Worry 
" Take no anxious thought for your life," is a command 
of God, as imperative as any in the Holy Oracles. " Let 
not your heart be troubled," is a Christian precept, as es- 
sential as "Follow me." Indeed,. worry leads to almost 
everv other sin, and it is quite incompatible with 
the Prince of Peace. 

i devoted 


Teacher, (d) Things 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 


Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Forgiving Sin. — Mark 
Christian Workers' Meeting, God's Recipe for Succcs 

—Joshua 1: 1-9. 

Bro. M. H. MUler, of Rccdlcy, Cal., at Trigo, same Stat 
Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, in his home congrc 
gation, Painter Creek. 

Three were baptized Jan. 7 in the Tulpehocken church, 

on church, 

the Franklii 


Two were baptized rcci 
church, III. 

Seven have been baptized in the Canton City church, 
Ohio, since last report. 

One has been added to the church in the Trcvilian con- 
gregation. Ya.. since the last report. 

Three were recently received by baptism and one was 
reclaimed in the Roanoke church. Ya. 

Two have been baptized in the Quakertowu house. 
Springfield congregation, Pa., since last report. 
One has been baptized and one reclaimed, since the last 
.report from the Monroe County church, Iowa. 

Six were baptized in the Danville church, Ohio,— Bro. 
G. L. Wine, of North Manchester, Ind., evangelist. 

Five were added to the fold in the Markle church, Ind.. 
—Bro. B. D. Hirt, of Portland, same State, evangelist. 

Two accepted Christ in the East Wichita church, Kans., 
—the pastor, Bro. M. S. FrSntz, in charge of the services. 
One confessed Christ at the South Brownsville church, 
Md..— Bro. Geo. S. Harp, of Mycrsville, same State, evan- 

Five were baptized in the East Petersburg church. Pa., 
—Bro. Ralph W. Schlosser, of Elizabethtown, same State, 

Two confessed Christ, one of whom was baptized, in 
the Yellow Creek church. Ind.,— Bro. J. H. Pike, of Mid- 
dlcbury, same State, evangelist. 

Two accessions arc reported from the Bachmansville 
house. Conewago congregation, Pa..— Bro. Linn Longen- 
eckcr. of Lititz, same State, evangelist. 

Five accepted Christ, four of whom have been baptized, 
in the Paradise congregation, Tex.,— Bro. D. G. Bru- 
baker, of Nocona. same State, evangelist. 

Ten were baptized, two were restored and five await 
the rite of baptism in the Beech Grove church. Ind.,— Bro. 
R. N. Lcathcrman, of Cincinnati. Ohio, evangelist. 

Bro. Virgil C. Finnell has just begun a lecture tour 
through a part of the territory for which he is Field Di- 
rector of Religious Education. After a short stop at Lee- 
Ion, Mo., and a few days at the Bible Institute at McPher- 
son, Kans., he will visit various points in the Northeast- 
ern District of Kansas. Communications directed to his 
home address, 21 Melrose Avenue, Elgin, III., will be 
promptly forwarded. 

The Secretary of the General Mission Board, finding it 
necessary to make a trip to Philadelphia, in the interest 
of the mission work, made use of the opportunity to in- 
quire more fully into the nature of the Reconstruction 
Work, being carried on in Europe by the Friends. Bro. 
Royer is a member of the Committee on Relief and Re- 
construction Work, appointed by the Goshen Conference, 
and is gathering data for the use of the Committee in 
the discharge of the responsibilities entrusted to it. He 
rclurned to his desk on Monday of this week. 

One by one our faithful pioneers are passing over to 
the other shore. Jan. 12, after an illness of about two 
weeks, the call came to Bro. J. D. Haughtclin, of Panora. 
Iowa, at the advanced age of eighty-two years and almost 
two months. The funeral services were conducted Ian. 
14 by Brethren E. D. Fiscel and Moses DeardorfF. Bro. 
Haughtclin was well known to "Messenger" readers, and 
%vas a leader in the early development of our church work 
in Iowa. Further particulars of his life and work will 
be given at an early date. Several interesting articles by 
our departed brother, yet to appear in our columns, will 


Bro. Oliver H. Austin and wife, of McPherson, Kans., 
to begin Jan. 27 in the Lindsay church, Cal. 

Bro. Edgar Diehm, of Royersford, Pa., to begin dur- 
ing June in the Montgomery church, same State. 

Bro. Wm. E. Thompson, of Conway Springs, Kans., to 
begin Feb. 3 in the Garden City church, same State. 


Bro. A. Leedy, originally of Lecdy. Okla., later of Ar- 
cadia. Fla., has now located in the Seneca church, Fla 
and should he addressed at Eustis, same State. 

Bro. S. C. Miller, of 3643 Grenshaw Street, Chicago, 
having occasion to call at the Publishing House last week! 
dropped into the "Messenger" rooms and gave us some 
interesting facts, gathered in his extensive travels. 

Bro. O. C. Caskey, who for some years has been the 
pastor of the Salem church. Iowa, is arranging to move 
to Manson. same State. Bro. Wm. U. Wagner, of Elm- 
wood. Nebr.. is to assume pastoral charge of the above- 
named church about March 1. 

Bro. M. M. Eshelman, of Tropico. Cal.. will have charge 
of the work at Mabel. Oregon, during the absence of Bro 
H. H. Ritter. of that place, from March first until after 
the Hershey Conference. Bro. Eshelman is to labor in a 
series of meetings at Ashland, Oregon, in February, and 
later at some other points also. 

Just before going to press, we received the following 
from Bro. Andrew Hutchison, which, we arc sure will be 
read with much interest: "This is Jan. 15,-the day that 
is called my birthday, and the record makes me eighty- 
two years of age. My health is good, yet I have been an 
invalid for sixty-four years. Surely God has been full of 
tender compassion for me! I hope it has not all been in 
vain. I have a good home here, with my daughter and 
son-in-law (S. J. Miller) and their three daughters. This 
town has recently changed names.— Lordsburg is La 
Verne now." 

The recent meetings in the La Verne church, Cal., con- 
ducted by Bro. D. L. Miller, seem to have aroused an 
unusual degree of interest. They were more largely at- 
tended than any similar meetings held there for some 
years. The meetings closed with eleven received by bap- 
tism and three applicants from the Progressive Breth- 
ren. Another, a member of the Baptist Fraternity, who 
desired baptism by trine immersion, decided to unite 
with the Progressive Brethren, to which church his wife 
already belonged. Arrangements have been completed,— 
we are also informed by Bro. W. F. England, elder-iu- 
cbarge of the La Verne congregation,— for the celebration 
of the fiftieth wedding anniversary of Bro. Miller and 
wife, at Bro. England's residence on the afternoon of Feb 
6. Our readers will join us. we are sure, in extending 
to Brother and Sister Miller heartiest congratulations and 
good wishes. . 


The Zion congregation, Fla., will hold its love feast 
Feb. 23, at the home of Brother and Sister J V Felt- 
house, Seminole, same State. 

The dedication of the new bouse in the Milk River 
Valley church, Montana, has been deferred, from the date 
originally appointed, until Easter Sunday, March 31. 

The Seneca church, Fla., can make good use of discarded 
Hymnals in fair condition. Any congregation that may 
be willing to dispose of such, will please address Mrs 
J. C. Funderburgh. Eustis, Fla. 

A resident minister is needed in the Clay Creek church. 
Colo. Any ambassador of the Lord, who may feel im- 
pressed by this call, can obtain further particulars by ad- 
dressing Susan Jarboe, Lamar, Colo. 

In submitting an article, a contributor recently wrote: 
" If you can't use it, introduce it to the waste paper bas- 
ket. I can't be made mad." That last little sentence 
impressed us deeply. It is good to know people of that 

The Newton church, Kans., was recently divided into 
two organizations,— the thirty-four members within the 
city being set apart as a separate congregation, to be 
known as the Newton City church. Prospects for the 
future arc most encouraging. 

We make room for the following notice by Bro J L 
Cunningham, District Treasurer, Flora, Ind.: "Churches 
of the Middle District of Indiana are herewith notified 
that their District dues will be ten cents per member for 
the coming year, owing to circumstances, brought about 
by war conditions." 

Too late for this-issue we received a notice to the elders 
pastors, clerks and committees of Western Pennsylvania, 
giving full particulars regarding the District Meeting to 
be held in the Roxbury church April 3. We merely make 
room here for that part of the notice which requests that 
all queries, committee reports, and any other business 
for the District Meeting, be in the hands of the clerk H 
S. Replogle. 1207 Hoffman Avenue, Windber. Pa., not later 
than Feb. 25 The notice in full will appear next week. 

Some one suggests that many of our church workers 
do entirely too much moving, to achieve the best results 

The "Brethren Evangel " is the name of the local church 
organ just started by the Roaring Spring congregation. 
Pa., of which Bro. A. G. Crosswhite is pastor. Under the 
caption, " How to Help Your Pastor," one paragraph says 
pertinently: " If you have just grounds for criticisms, 
speak to him, not to your neighbors. Partners in busi- 
ness consult together often. You arc a spiritual partner 

After the part of this issue, containing the " Paper 
Adopted by the Goshen Conference" had been printed, we 
received a corrected copy of the "First Division." This 
makes a few slight changes, chiefly in punctuation and 
the numbering of paragraphs, in no wise affecting-thc 
sense as originally intended. The word "this," at the 
cud of the second, line of the paragraph numbered III, is 
replaced by the words "the selective draft." The cor- 
rections will appear in the Minutes. 

The initial number of the " Miami Church Courier," of 
Miami, New Mexico, is a modest little paper, but gives 
promise of much usefulness if the paper lives up to these 
fine sentiments, which we find on the first page: "The 
church for the masses, not for the classes. The church 
for the whole community and the whole community for 
the church. To live a big life means to be identified with 
big things. To support the church and its service is to 
support the greatest dynamic motive power in this world." 
Consistency is said to be a jewel, — all the more precious 
because it is so rare. Preliminary to "speaking her mind" 
on some things, a sister apologetically remarked: "Of 
course, I do not wish to find fault." She then proceeded 
to criticise and bemoan the weather, the church, the mem- 
bers, the pastor, his sermons, the hard times, the poor 
crops, the world war, the prevalent illness, her neighbor's 
children and a few other things. When she finally finished 
her voluble tirade, it seemed as if the gloom of a foggy 
morning had suddenly obscured the bright sunshine, leav- 
ing naught but the rankest of desolation. 

Here are a few beatitudes, suggested by some one who 
has a well-developed sense of Christian proprieties: (1) 
Blessed is the man whose calendar contains prayer meet- 
ing night. (2) Blessed is the man who is faithful on a 
committee. (3) Blessed is the man who will not strain- 
at a drizzle and swallow a downpour. (4) Blessed is the 
man who can endure an hour and a quarter in a place of 
worship as well as two hours and a half in a place of . 
amusement. (5) Blessed is' the church officer who is not 
pessimistic. (6) Blessed is the man who loves the church 
with his pocket as well as with his heart. (7) Blessed is 
the man whose watch keeps church time as well as busi- 

The Secretaries of each State District should send in 
immediately for their respective quotas of Minutes of the 
Special Conference at Goshen, Indiana. 

Conference Minutes are to be ordered in quantities suf- 
ficient that each family 'may have a copy. 

The Secretaries should, as usual, give the names and 
addresses of the pastors or overseers, to whom the Min- 
utes are to be sent, the number of copies to be sent to 
each, and the name and address of the person to whom 
the Minutes are to be charged. The price of the Minutes 
is two cents per copy in quantities. If less than five 
copies are ordered, the price is five cents per copy. A 
special Camp Edition, at the same price, will also be is- 


our church activ 


light he 


impressed you tha 
few changes as possible, ii 

endeavors in general? Trees often transplanted bear lit- 
tle fruit. If you have difficulties in one place, you will 
have them in another,— depend upon it. If you move be- 
cause some things are not just as you would like to have 
them, there may be drawbacks at your new home that 
are equally objectionable. Alteration is not always im- 


Bro. Fercken, now of Switzerland, who became. a fol- 
lower of Swedenborg, and preached for the denomination, 
applied to the General Mission Board, some time back, 
to be restored to membership in the Church of the Breth- 
ren. The application, with a statement of his experience 
and faith, was entirely satisfactory to the Mission Board. 
It was then decided to ask advice of the Standing Com- 
mittee of last Annual Conference, since there is not a con- 
gregation of Brethren there or near by, to whom the case 
might be referred. 

WJien a statement of the case was made to Standing 
Committee, it authorized the Mission Board to restore 
Bro. Fercken to membership and also to the ministry, 
when it is considered proper to do so. Accordingly, the 
Mission Board, in session last August, restored him to 

When Bro. Fercken applied for membership, he stopped 
preaching for the Swedenborg Church, and his support 
ceased. He and his wife are without any means of sup- 
port. He asks for work that he may earn his living, but 
the Mission Board has no work for him in Switzerland, 
nor has it any funds in hand that can be applied to his 
support in the present situation, nor funds to bring him 
and his wife to America. 

The matter of restoring Bro. Fercken to the ministry 
and bringing him and his wife to America, is under seri- 
ous consideration. He desires to work for the church in 
saving souls, and since " the harvest is plenteous and the 
laborers few," work could be given him if he were here. 

Therefore, in view of the foregoing facts, an appeal is 
made to the friends of Bro. Fercken in his behalf. His 
first present need is his living, made all the more difficult 
by the conditions of war surrounding him, therefore send 
in your contributions at once. General Mission Board. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 


A Gift of $10,000 
Major General N. Hibiki, Chief of the Japanese Y. M. 
C. A. Deputation to the United States, recently brought 
to litis country a gift of $10,000, to aid the Y. M. C. A. 
work in the United States. Of this sum, $5,000 was con- 
tributed by the Emperor and Empress of Japan. Of the 
entire donation it may fittingly be said that it was the 
return of " bread cast upon the waters," some years ago, 
when, during the Russo-Japanese war, the Y. M. C. A. of 
the United States unselfishly labored for the well-being 
of the Japanese army. The officer emphasized the im- 
portance of Christian leadership, speedily to be assumed 
by Japan in the Orient. He urged the necessity of further 
missionary effort in that country, " for," said he, " if we 
win Japan for Christ, we win Asia." 

Disfranchising of War Opponents 
Recently, when the British House of Commons was dis- 
cussing the various phases of the electoral bill, some one 
proposed the passing of an amendment, disfranchising 
" conscientious objectors to war." There was strong op- 
position to this radical feature of the bill, but so pro- 
nounced was the general sentiment for war, that the pro- 
moter of the measure carried it through by a good ma- 
jority. It is likely, however, that later on, when the 
frenzy of war has measurably run its course, better judg- 
ment will prevail, and that the franchise wiM be restored 
to the exponents of the great doctrine of peace and good 
will to all men. While a like restriction has been sug- 
gested for the war opponents in this country, such a meas- 
ure is not likely to be seriously considered. 

An Incident of the War 

tice of the British troops, according to which a portion 
of rum is said to be administered to every soldier, just be- 
fore going into action. A young English soldier, — an ab- 
stainer from liquor all his life, — was forced upon pain of 
death, to drink a "shot" of rum before going on guard 
duty one night. The rum caused the boy to become 
drowsy, and later on an officer found him asleep while 
on duty. Amid the stern realities of war, there could 
be but one result, — he was court-martialed, and shot the 
next morning. A few days later, the news of his sad 
fate reached his mother. The shock of the unexpected 
tidings killed her on the spot. Two lives paid the penalty 
of forcing liquor upon an unwilling victim. 

Who Is at Fault? 
According to the " Monitor," a Catholic journal, many 
Protestants attend the masses held at Camp Dix, Wrights- 
town, N. J. So great has beer, the pressure to gain ad- 
mittance to these gatherings, that not only the "Knights 
of Columbus" buildings are made use of, but also, the 
Y. M. C. A. assembly rooms. Ten masses are held each 
Sunday, and still each session is overcrowded,— men kneel 
in the aisles, on the door-steps and even outside, on the 
ground. We are told that the most strenuous endeavors 
of well-trained Y. M. C. A. workers are without avail, to 
secure an equally large attendance of Protestants for their 
gatherings. A few come, perhaps, in response to the ur- 
on, but the great bulk remains unreached. It 
arraignment. Again we ask: "Who is at fault?" 

When the Truth Is Feared 
In. the fight against German autocracy, extensive use is 
being made of "tracts" by the American airmen, who, 
from their points of. vantage, scatter the silent messengers 
by the thousand, right into the very midst of the German 
forces. Thus the very information that the Teutonic peo- 
ple ought to have, is placed within their reach. In this 
way they have been told that this country is at war with 
the ruthless German autocracy, rather than with the peo- 
ple who are the helpless victims of imperial arrogance 
and ambition. Then, too, the way to a lasting peace is 
pointed out. So greatly feared is the effect of these Amer- 
ican "tracts" by the ruling class of Germany," that the 




The truth must not be made known, lest t 
deluded victims come to a knowledge of the real facts. 

Changing Conditions in China 
Recent reports from the Oriental Republic assure us 
that everywhere in that land idolatry is finding its way to 
the junkheap. The moving of the Spirit is becomng more 
and more apparent- The mission schools are more crowd- 
ed now than ever before, for the natives have greater con- 
fidence in the* Christians and their religion. In one city 
of 5,000, where last year there were but thirty little girls 
in school, there are seventy this year. And this means 
much for the future. Only a few years ago no little girl 
in that town was regarded as of sufficient value to be 
educated, unless her parents happened to be Christians. 
Robbers, who are infesting many sections of the country, 
are careful n£ >t to molest Christians. This accounts for 
the fact that in many places the people are coming with 
their goods to the churches for protection. The bandits 
have a simple way of testing the genuineness of any one 

who claims to be a Christian. If he can repeat the Lord's 
Prayer, or any other Scripture portions, he is released. 
As a result of this unique test, a general desire to become 
informed on all things distinctively Christian has spread 
over the land, and the Gospel has been brought to the 
knowledge of many who hitherto did not know it. 

What Are These Among So Many? 
Long known as the " Dark Continent," Africa is as yet 
far from being wholly illumined by the Gospel light. 
On the whole continent there are 3,244 missionaries, each 
with the astonishingly large average parish of 3,614 square 
miles and 46,239 people. There is only a handful of mis- 
sionaries along the entire Mediterranean coast-line from 
Egypt to Gibraltar,— a stretch of 3,000 miles. From 
Khartum to Uganda, along the rich Nile Valley, a dis- 
tance of 1,000 miles, there are only about a dozen mis- 
sionaries. Taking the continent as a whole, there are at 
least fifty million people, who are not only outside of 
the limits of any organized missionary movement, but also 
beyond the possibility of being reached, so far as available 
workers are concerned. 

How Victory Might Have Been Gained 
According to an editorial in the "Philadelphia Public 
Ledger," America can not escape her share of blame ir 
the deplorable diplomacy of the summer of 1917. Had the 
United States joined hands with Kerensky to force frorr 
the Entente Allies a revision of their war aims.— as the 
disposition now seems to be,— by a tacit agreement with 
the " bolsheviki," the war would soon have been over 
with a political revolution for Germany and a true demo- 
cratic victory for the Allies. Instead, however, reaction- 
ary policies were allowed to prevail, in the face of the 
alarming problems engendered by the Russian revolution 
Such an attitude was a manifest puzzle to the simple- 
minded peasants of Russia. They hoped for helpful as- 
sistance in the interest of promoting world democracy, 
but failed to obtain it. 

Prophecy and Its Fulfillment 
In previous issues we have urged care regarding the 
tendency, — all too common today,— of drawing hasty con- 
clusions from a study of prophecy. While we are, just 
.now, passing through times of special significance, it is 
well to keep in full touch with the question at issue, not- 
ing all its bearings, lest we be swept off our feet. Here- 
tofore we have referred to the folly of those who attempt- 
ed to set dates on which this or that event of prophecy 
would "take place. Well, the appointed date came and 
passed, but the event assigned to it failed to swing into 
line. While Scripture study, — even that of prophecy, — is 
always of value, it might be well to remember that it is 
not for man "to know the times or the seasons, which 
the Father hath put in his own power." 

Religious Aspect of Japan After the War 

There is considerable discussion in Japanese journals, 
as to what will be the religious attitude of the Nipponese 
Empire after the great world war. Can Buddhism under- 
go a change, sufficiently thoroughgoing, to lead the new 
Japan, as it emerges from the world conflict? This is 
hardly possible, — so it is thought. There is nothing in the 
teachings of Buddha that could hope to meet the keener 
and more exalted views of the minds that have gained 
new light. Nothing else, therefore, remains but to turn 
to' Christianity with its unparalleled truths. Right there 
lies the task of Christian missions in Japan. It will 
be their privilege to make the religion of the Nazarene so 
attractive and irresistible to the people of Japan that they 
will see in it the very thing that has been lacking in their 
lives. It will be a golden opportunity for the forces of 
Christianity, to demonstrate the power of the Gospel as 
the most effective means of uplift. 

Why This Waste? 
In obedience to the suggestion of the authorities, the 
people of our great nation have cheerfully acquiesced in 
the various plans, promotive of food conservation. It is 
somewhat disconcerting to many, however, that the brew- 
eries of the United States should still be allowed to con- 
sume valuable food products in the manufacture of beer, 
when, admittedly, the use of this intoxicant does not, in 
any way, minister to the highest interests of the nation. 
Rice, corn, sugar, malt, hops, and other materials, that 
might be utilized for the real benefit of the people, are 
ruthlessly sacrificed to cater to the cravings of a perverted 
appetite. During the last fiscal year there was used, in the 
manufacture of beer, a total of 3,477.526.330 pounds of ma- 
terial, as against 3,004,754.590 pounds in 1916— an increase 
of over fifteen per cent. The beer output increased from 
about fifty-eight million barrels in 1916, to sixty million 
in 1917. These figures are most suggestive, but also ap- 
palling. Despite a shortage of food supplies, which taxes 
the highest skill of the United States Food Administrator; 
the brewers of our land are allowed to draw upon the 
nation's resources, in no way diminishing their output. 
Some of the brewers, in attempting to justify the con- 
tinuation of their business, under existing conditions of 
food scarcity, point to the fact that the Government ob- 
tains largely-increased revenues by the special tax now 
imposed upon the manufacture of beer. This represents 

no real gain to the people at large. It simply means that 
the patrons of the saloon, already burdened by other 
forms of taxation, will add this also,— still further de- 
priving their families of needed comforts. 

When Missions Are Paramount 
r readers inquires as to the 

meuts of the Moravians, being especially desirous to know 
whether the number of their members in the foreign field 
really exceeds the number of their members on the home 
base. So far as missionary history goes, the Moravians 
were the first Protestants to insist that the evangelization 
of the heathen is obligatory upon the church. It is but 
fair to add that the Moravians have ever lived up to the 
broad missionary principles which they consider the privi- 
lege of every Christian. Missions have been the life of 
the Moravian church, and it has grown to amazing pro- 
portions spiritually. Before the war it had 47,000 mem- 
bers on the home base, and a far larger number on the 
foreign field. 

A Tribute to the Bible 

A recent issue of the "Chicago Post" contains the 
following editorial, which is all the more remarkable be- 
cause it is wholly different from the attitude taken by 
many of its contemporaries: "There are hundreds of 
books, any of which may appeal to the soldier, but there 
is one Book that should be in every kit. Its worth is 
attested by men of all vocations. It is an Old Book that, 
through nineteen centuries of reading, has retained its, 
freshness, and from whose pages successive generations 
have drawn comfort, strength and inspiration. It is a 
Book that tells the story of heroic lives, of men who had 
convictions and went to death for them; of men who, in 
the hour of death, found courage in the faith that right- 
eousness must triumph. When a man knows that dawn 
may bring the final call, when he lies with mortal wound. 
and death approaches, or when he is left to his own 
thoughts in the prison camp of an alien land, this Book 
has words that give solace and fortitude. Perhaps the 
New Testament has been a neglected Book in your own 
reading, but you know in your soul that if you were look- 
ing death in the eye, as these lads must, no printed words 
could mean more to you than those of such hero leaders 
as the Christ and his coworkers in the great battle for 


Austria's Peace Agitation 

At latest reports one million one hundred and twenty 
thousand strikers have quit work in Austria, after adopt- 
ing resolutions that insist upon Governmental entrance 
into negotiations for general peace at the earliest pos- 
sible date. So critical is the situation, that the imperial 
cabinet officials have resigned their positions. As far as 
authentic information can be gathered, a profound impres- 
sion has been created by President Wilson's outline of 
war aims. Austria is developing a blaze of opposition to 
militaristic Germany, and just what the end of it will be, 
is a little hard to foretell at the present time. The gen- 
eral strikes, above referred to, are merely an indication 
that the workers are becoming war-weary, and that no 
longer they propose to bow to the autocratic decrees of 
the "war lord." Serious differences have also developed 
between Emperor Charles of Austria and the leaders of 
the German militaristic program. Some claim that the 
differences have become so serious as to be irreconcilable. 
As the outlook is now, the greatest weakness of the Cen- 
tral Powers will undoubtedly be the dissensions that 
threaten their concerted and effective action. If not reme- 
died, it will mean their defeat at an early date, for they 
can not possibly hope to succeed while divided in their 
aims and purposes. 

The Need of Sound Teaching 

A writer in a recent issue of the "Brethren Evangelist" 
directs attention to the need of better teaching on the 
great doctrine of nonresistance, on the part of those who 
profess allegiance to that Bible precept. He has been 
doing some work among the "conscientious objectors" of 
the training camps,— members of his own church, members 
of the Church of the Brethren, Quakers. Mennonites. etc., 
—and is greatly surprised to note the alarming amount 
of confusion, generally prevalent. He says: "Why 
should there not be more unity and definiteness among all 
who hold this great doctrine of nonresistance? Surely 
there is need of calling attention to this matter. Some 
trumpets must be giving forth uncertain sounds. What 
is the remedy? Some of us have been before Secretary 
Baker, General Crowder, and other high officials, again 
and again, because we are most vitally concerned along 
these lines, but I must confessx that the experience has 
been painful, yes, at times humiliating, that there is so 
much confusion on this subject. Brethren, it is surely 
high time for all to pray and work as never before to get 
the mind of the Spirit." What the writer, above quoted, 
has so well stated, deserves to be prayerfully considered, 
especially in the light of the thought suggested in the 
last sentence of the extract. Unless we, as a people, are 
a unit on the question at issue, we <fen not hope to se- 
cure the concessions for our drafted brethren that we 
have a right to expect. A divergence of opinions is sure 
to cause an unfavorable impression, and to create dif- 
ficulties hard to overcome. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 


The Chore Boy 

" I want to get a boy to keep," said grim old farmer Lown, 
" And boys are scarce down our way, so I'll take one out of 

I want a healthy, husky lad, who's not afraid of work, 
For I've no use for any one who wants to loaf and shirk." 
And so they called out little Jim, who timid came and slow. 
" He's not so big," they said, " but there's a plenty chance 

to grow. 
He's good to mind, and has no tricks,— a farm's the place 

for him." 
And farmer Lown declined at first and then accepted Jim. 
He took the little bag of clothes and started home with 

And on the homeward way he laid the law down strict to 

And Jim said: "Yes, sir," o'er and o'er, a-quaking on the 

And hoped, when all his tasks were done, he'd have enough 

And when they reached the farm, the grim old farmer said: 
" You needn't do a thing tonight but eat and go to bed." 
And at the table Jimmy's plate was piled up hot and high, 
And everybody seemed so kind, he had to laugh,— or cry. 
'But he could scarcely keep awake to bid them all good- 
And found a bed awaiting him, all smooth and soft and 

" Now, in the morning, sonny-boy, you needn't hurry down; 
You look as if you needed ileep," said grim old farmer 

The farmer rose at daybreak, to meet the rising sun, 
And when he came to breakfast, nigh a half day's work 

" Don't wake the little chap," he said, " he looks all tuck- 
ered out, 

And feed him well, for I don't want no skeleton about." 

As weeks went by, the neighbors laughed to see good 
farmer Lown 

Pamper and pet the little lad he took from off the town; 

" Now go and rest," or " go and fish," he often said to 

And if you met the boy today, you'd scarcely know 'twas 
Jim. ^ 

When There's Trouble 


" I tell you it's tough luck, to be out of work now, 
when the winter is the worst we have ever known, 
things high, and nothing doing in my line, in the way of 
a job. You'd say so if you were in my shoes." 

Bert Kearney scowled as he enumerated his troubles. 
He was a machinist who was laid off because the prod- 
ucts he worked with could not be obtained. He knew 
only his trade; to what else should he turn his hand? 
He did not know. He only complained and wondered 
why such things must be. 

His mother-in-law listened to him from day to day 
with rather bad grace. Then, one morning, she talked 
to him : " Bert, I've never nagged you, nor given you a 
lot of advice you didn't want. Have I? " 

" No, I never said you did, either." 

"All right. Now I want to say just one thing and 
that is this : Life isn't run on a schedule for very many 
people. There may be a few who can follow a schedule 
from New Year unto New Year. But the most of us 
have to live from day to day. That's the reason we 
are promised that as our day so shall our strength be. 
Now things are all wrong for you. I can't help it. 
Miry can't help it. Yet we have to suffer more than 
you do, for you talk so much about it. You go out and 
in seeing others, you forget. Then you come back 
and talk to us about your hard luck again. If you feel 
any better, to give up and quit, do it, but if not, then 
find some way without giving Miry an' me nervous 

Bert said nothing, but he followed the old lady's ad- 
vice. They heard but little more about his hard luck. 
Several days later he got another job. Then he smiled 
and joked as he used to do. Home was the best place 
on earth once more. 

There are many men and women who need the ad- 
vice given by this mother-in-law. There are hours 
when everything is against us. Then we need the 
strength that comes from God. One of the mighty 
men, who served King David, was Benaiah. He was 
strong as his grandfather had been. There was trouble 

in his neighborhood because a lion had slain some of 
the sheep. The children were not safe until this lion 
was disposed of, but who should kill it? 

Then, one day, a light snow fell. The lion could be 
tracked in it, and his footfalls, light as ever, could be 
followed. The men of that community went in search 
of the lion. Over the hills and down the narrow de- 
files they followed the tracks into an old pit. So, here 
at last, was the lion, but who could kill it? The men 
looked at each other, — not one was willing to enter the 
pit. There were times when they might have killed that 
lion. Now they waited until some one said : " Send for 
Benaiah ! " 

A gray sky and snow in the air, — chilly and dreary, — 
one wanted the fireside. But Benaiah came at once and 
resolutely turned to the work in hand. If the lion was 
in the pit, it could be destroyed. The ground was 
slushy. The snow and storm had made cowards of the 
other men. Benaiah may have dreaded to enter the 
pit where the lion was. We do not read that Benaiah 
hesitated or held back. We are told that when the noise 
of battle died away, Benaiah came forth and the lion 
lay dead. 

No, there is no doubt of Benaiah's fitness. He is list- 
ed among the three bravest men, — the mightiest in King 
David's kingdom. He did heroic things. He slew a 
lion in the time of snow. 

When circumstances are against us, it is the time of 
snow. What shall we do ? The bank account is low ; 
we are working only half the time; a child is sick. It 
is a time of snow. Say to yourself : 
" So on I go, not knowing, 
I would not if I might; 
I'd rather walk in the dark with God 
Than walk alone in the light." 

It is hard to keep on, — to work on when everything 
seems against you. But what comes of giving up? 
Does it make things better to quit? Is it easier to loaf? 
Do you feel better when you give up? No. A thou- 
sand times no. Set your teeth and hold on. It is a time 
of snow, — so much the more needful to fight on and 
smile through your tears of discouragement. 

Smile, and you will find the way out. Keep up heart, 
and the way will open. It is not possible for us to es- 
cape trouble. God does not promise that but he does 
say tli at their hearts shall not break under their bur- 
dens. As we grow older we learn that peace comes 
through burden bearing, — that all life worth the living 
is made up of sacrifice, and toil for others. As Benaiah 
slew the lion for his neighbors in time of snow, so to us 
comes the Love crowned with thorns, bearing the agony 
of others. 

Covington, Ohio. 


(Continued from Page 55) 
every hand. Our great District needs more men, more means, 
more zeal, and greater visions. Pray the Lord of the harvest 
that he send forth more laborers into this great field of labor! 

The great question of " The Past, Present and Future of 
Our District" was considered at some length. The past is 
not what we like to see it, in things accomplished, the present 
shows our need and our limitations, but also our opportu- 
nities. Our future depends largely upon our willingness to 
grasp the opportunities of the present. 

Our elder, Bro. Miller, has done a great deal of good work 
in the District, but as he is the only one in the District, de- 
voting his entire time to mission work, since the death of 
Bro. Tennison, he feels the need of more helpers. Among 
other things of importance and of interest, the following 
resolution was passed: 

lelievine thi 
the • 

y and uscfuInMS *f th« Brott 

Ve, the District Mmtlng of Tex 

?sS our sentiments, do resolve. That ■ 
ilty and the simple life, 
church in all her councils in all 

and keep their members in the faith as taught by Christ and the 

At the evening services Bro. Kid well gave us a good ser- 
mon on " Love," after which we had a general " Overflow 
Service," which was highly appreciated by all, as expressions 
of appreciation of the good things we had heard were listened 
to. J. B. Firestone, Clerk. 


This church has enjoyed some good meetings recently. 
Bro. W. O. Beckner, of McPherson, Kans., came, to us 
Dec. 9 and delivered strong sermons both Sunday and 

Monday nights at the church. On Tuesday evening, at 
the Jonathan Chapel, six miles west of Weiser, he gave 
an appreciated lecture along educational lines, and told 
much of his experiences while engaged in educational 
work in the Philippine Islands. 

Sister Anetta Mow, en route from Bethany to Seattle, 
from which point she sailed to India, Dec. 18, visited Wei- 
ser, her home church, at the same time. On Sunday 
evening, the hour for Christian Workers' • Meeting was 
gladly given over to Sister Mow, and she held the atten- 
tion of a full house, as she gave a beautiful lesson on love 
and prayer. 

The following afternoon a number of members gathered 
at the home of Sister Parriott, to enjoy a social time with 
Sister Mow after her long absence. Refreshments were 
served. On Monday evening Sister Mow conducted the 
devotional service at the church. At the opening of a 
prayer meeting, held for her at a late hour that night. 
Sister Mow led the song, "I Gave My Life for Thee.'" 
Still later, a few members and friends went to the station 
and at midnight bade her farewell. She was all happiness,, 
to be thus far on her way to India where, very soon, she 
will take up her life work, — that of carrying the light of 
Jesus' love to our dark brothers and sisters in the Far 
East. As the train moved out, Anetta was still smiling,, 
and our hearts were made glad that the first missionary- 
■from our District so happily gave all, and that the Chris- 
tian Workers' Society had made it possible for her to go. 
Who will be the next? 

We met in council Dec. 15, our elder, Bro. Alva M.. 
Long, presiding. A standing committee was elected to. 
serve in securing ministerial aid, etc. Bro. Willis Peter- 
son was chosen Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Em- 
ma Parriott, superintendent of primary department; Sis- 
ter Cora Long, superintendent of cradle roll and home 
department; Bro. Howard, president of Christian Work- 

The church decided to give Bro. Long full support, that 
he might be able to devote his entire time to church 
work. The growing needs of the Weiser church demand 
this and much personal work on the part of each mem- 
Dec. IS the Friendship class, which is the "teen" class, 
rendered a splendid program during the Christian Work- 
ers' hour. Our Christmas program was given on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 23, at 7 o'clock. The usual treat was sus- 
pended, and the children brought their offerings instead, 
to be sent to the suffering Armenians. All these services 
have been largely attended, making it necessary to open 
one side-room. Our Sunday-school attendance reached 
ninety-seven during December. We are installing the 
Twentieth Century Sunday-school record. At present we 
hold two cottage prayer meetings each week, on the east 
and west sides of town, preparatory to our series of meet- 
ings, to be conducted by our pastor, beginning Jan. 6. One 
has been baptized since our last report. 

Mrs. Nora Rench Pratt. 
700 E. Commercial St., Weiser, Idaho. 


Dec. 27 and 28 the Sunday-school Normal of the above- 
named District was held in the Fostoria church. 

At 9 o'clock we had devotional exercises and organi- 
zation. Bro. S. P. Berkebile was elected Chairman and 
the writer, Secretary. We had the pleasure of having Bro. 
Galen B. Royer, of Elgin, 111., and Bro. Ezra Flory, of 
Chicago, with us as our instructors. They proved very 
interesting and encouraging. 

Bro. Royer's talks on "Missions" were inspiring, as 
he has given many years of study to mission work. Bro. 
Royer tells us that ninety per cent of our converts come 
from the Sunday-school, which emphasizes the fact that 
we should teach our children the way of the Lord. Par~ 
cnts should be sure to attend Sunday-school themselves, 
send their children, and sustain the work by their means. 
We should talk missions in the Sunday-school. We do 
not pray enough, and our prayers are not earnest enough. 
Our ministers ought to be leaders, — not only in mission 
work but in all church work. 

Bro. Royer made this significant point: " God has di- 
vided the responsibility between the preacher and hear- 
er." The hearer should recognize the preacher as God's 
messenger. Do not forget that the minister can be in- 
jured by our criticisms. No one can criticise the minister 
and hope to enjoy his sermon. More lies with the hearer 
to insure a good sermon than you may imagine. 

Bro. Flory's talks on "The Child and Sunday-school 
Pedagogy " were very helpful. Every mother in the 
church should hear Bro. Flory lecture on "The Chang- 
ing Child." "Train up a child in the way he should go 
and when he is old he will not depart from' it." If we 
would be as little children, we would go out and do a 
great work for the Master. 

Bro. Flory said: "Conscience is the voice of God in the 
soul. True religion makes a vivid impression on the soul. 
Reverence in the place of worship means much to our 
young members." 

" Religious Education in the Home " was spoken of by 
Bro. Flory. He said: "God works through godly homes, 
and the morals of our land are" measured by our homes," 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 

R. D. 1, Upper Sandusky, Ohio. 

' held in our 
J. L. Guthr: 



Blue Ridge College, New Windsor, Md., is planning to 
care for the largest attendance ever enjoyed at the Spe- 
cial Bible Term, to be held Feb. 3 to 10. A program lias 
been prepared that is intended to present a wide range 
of interesting subjects, in which the Bible itself will hold 
an important place. Among the instructors are Bro. J. 
E. Miller, editor of our Sunday-school literature, and Sis- 
ter Ida Shumaker, who is home on furlough from the 
India Mission. Other instructors are Eld. Charles D. Bon- 
sack, Prof. P. H. Bowman, Prof. J. J. John, and Dr. F. F. 

There will be plenty of music to satisfy the lovers of 
song. The musical director of the College, Prof. W. Z. 
Fletcher, and Sister Anna Snader, will lead the music. 

Every effort will be made to make all who come feel at 
home. It is intended that this shall be an inspiring re- 
union of the church forces from far and near. 

There will be morning, aiternoon, and evening sessions. 
Not a dull moment need be expected. 

Tuition is free. Every effort will be made to entertain 
in comfort all who come from a distance. For those who 
desire to board in the College dining room, meals will 
be provided for 25 cents each, or 12 for $2.50. 

Already quite a number of active church workers have 
indicated their purpose to come at the beginning and re- 
main throughout the session. 

This is a most cordial invitation to you, to join your 
friends in this meeting. 

ceipt of a message from Cora M. Stahly, of North Man- 
chester, Ind., stating that she could not be with us. She 
had planned to give us three periods each day in vocal 
music, but the condition of her voice, just then, would not 
permit. In her absence Bro. Allen Weimer, assisted by 
others, directed the music in an efficient manner. 

On Tuesday evening a very impressive service was ren- 
dered, mostly by the Poplar Grove Sunday-school, the 
leading number being a Christmas pageant entitled, "White 
Gifts for the King," given by nineteen girls. 

The Sunday-school exhibit was a new feature of our 
Institute. While not as many schools contributed as might 
have been desired, the available space was well occupied. 
The most helpful display of maps, pictures, clippings, draw- 
ings, etc., was furnished by the Sidney Sunday-school, un- 
der the direction of Sister Cora Smith, who is also chair- 
man of the exhibit committee. This promises to be a help- 
ful part of our future Institutes. 

To render service at a funeral, Eld. Chas. Flory, Chair- 
man, was absent a part of the time. Bro. Allen Weimer 
was elected by the delegate body as a member of the pro- 
gram committee, to succeed Eld. Jacob Coppock, who has 
served on this committee ever since our Institute began. 
A unanimous rising vote was given, as an expression of the 
appreciation of his splendid work. Levi Minnich. 

Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 7. 


On the afternoon of Nov. 25, in company with our son, 
we drove twelve and one-half miles to the Antelope Valley 
church, where arrangements had been made for the writer 
to deliver a temperance address. We met at 7:30 P. M. r 
and although the weather was quite bad, we had the pleas- 
ure of addressing an attentive congregation of fair size, 
on " The Serpent's Trail." At the close of the lecture an 
offering was taken fbr the benefit of the local W. C. T. U., 
of which the writer enjoys the honor of holding the office 
of president. We, with all temperance workers,- feel great 
joy because of the recent victories for the temperance 
cause. We feel that we are nearing the last long line of 
trenches and that with one more hard, successful drive, 
"victory will be ours." Ratification of the Prohibition 
Amendment by three-fourths of the States is our rallying 

On the evening of Dec. 2 we again met with the people 
of Antelope Valley. This time Bro. Peebler preached to 
them from the subject of " Salvation." Dec. 29 we again 
enjoyed the privilege of addressing an audience on "The 
Simple Life." 

This church is located about five miles from the new oil 
fields. Some of our brethren have been making $5 per 
day. The church is located in a very good farming coun- 
try, but unfortunately they have been visited by very de- 
structive hailstorms for the last two years, while the year 
before that the weather was so rainy during harvest that 
nothing, scarcely, was saved. Gemma L. Peebler. 

Billings, Okla., Jan. 4. 


The Sixteenth Sunday-school Institute of the above Dis- 
trict was held in the Poplar Grove church, Dec. 24 to 28, 
inclusive. This is strictly a rural community. The Dayton 
and Northern Traction cars stopped in front of the church. 

We were favored with a week of beautiful winter 
weather, notwithstanding it was the coldest December, as 
a whole, in thirty-five years. Despite all this we had a 
large attendance. While it was a question with some 
whether a strictly rural congregation could provide the 
necessary comforts for the Institute, the members of this 
working congregation soon convinced all in attendance 
that they were amply able for the occasion. 

The enrollment was the largest for several years, hav- 
ing reached 412. Of this number there were twenty-four 
superintendents, thirty-seven teachers of advanced classes, 
twenty-four intermediate and twenty-five primary teach- 
ers. The usual, large number of ministers were present. 
The response of the audience was commendable which, in 
turn, helped our instroctor's to do their best. 

Bro. E. B. Hoff, of Bethany Bible School, Chicago, gave 
addresses on the subjects mentioned in the program, as 
published in "Gospel Messenger" No. 50, page 804. 

Bro. H. K. Ober, of Elizabethtown College, Pa., proved 
equally efficient in the work assigned him on the program. 

While the brethren are different in their make-up, as 
well as their line of instruction, they worked well together 
and gave our people a feast of good things which, if worked 
out in a practical manner, can not help but greatly en- 
hance the interests of the Sunday-schools of Southern 

In the midst of the above spiritual and intellectual feast 
of good things, there crept in one serious regret, upon re- 


In our last article to the " Gospel Messenger" we wrote 
of our Thanksgiving Day program. The spirit of Thanks- 
giving prevailed throughout the day. The sisters met 
early in the forenoon, with baskets laden with good things 
to eat. The program in the forenoon consisted of special 
music, round-table talks and good speeches by Brethren 
John F. Dietz, H. L. Fahrney, John P. Guthrie and others, 
— the topic being the "Field" which lies before us as a 
church, as a Sunday-school, and as a Christian Workers' 
Society. A good crowd was present and the dinner was 
enjoyed by all. In our afternoon meeting a short business 
period was conducted by our chairman, Bro. Jno. F. Dietz. 
A thank-offering of $102.15 was taken. Willing contribu- 
tors make a successful church. 

Sunday, Dec. 23, we had, the pleasure of enjoying an ex- 
cellent Christmas program, consisting, for the most part, 
of the little folks, in charge of Sister Olive P. Dietz. 
The concluding part of the program was a pantomime, 
" Rock of Ages," given by five young ladies. The male 
quartet sang for them. 

Oil Sunday, Dec. 30, our Christian Workers' topic was: 
"Past, Present and Future." We reviewed the past, real- 
izing that God has been good to us, and has blessed our 
work wonderfully. Present opportunities of the field 
were emphasized, and all were urged to make a firm re- 
solve to grasp these opportunities and do greater things 
for the Master. 

The nineteen Chinese of the Chinese Sunday-school, 
which holds its. session from five to seven each Sunday 
evening, remained for the Christian Workers' program. 
Two of the Chinese young men made their first speeches 
in public and expressed their appreciation of the work 
done for them by our teachers. Bro. Jno. F. Dietz, in his 
usual way of giving an invitation, appealed to these young 
men, and others also, urging them that there is no bet- 
ter time, in all their lives, to begin the Christian life than 
at the beginning of the new year. He then had Bro. 
Moy Way, who is our assistant superintendent and in- 
terpreter, ask all those who wanted to begin a Christian 
life to rise. Sixteen stood up promptly. This makes 
twenty who have taken this step during the past few 
months. This is a great work. 

We enjoyed very much the excellent letters we had the 
privilege of reading from Sister Martha B. Shick and 
Bro. Elgin Moyer and wife in Southern China, and we are 
glad to know of their interest in the work here. 

Dec. 16 we held election of our Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers* officers. Bro. John P. Guthrie was 
elected superintendent of the American Sunday-school; 
the writer is superintendent of the Chinese Sunday-school 
and is also president of the Christian Workers' Society. 

Even though we are getting in new people constantly, 
we feel sure that some of our readers have friends or 
relatives who would be interested in our church. Please 
give us their address, and be sure to give them the ad- 
dress of the church, 751 Cadillac Avenue. 

Detroit, Mich., Jan. 9. M. B. Williams. 


December was a month full of rich spiritual blessings at 
this place. Dec. 2 Brethren Morris, Naylor, Ikenberry and 
Sisters Morris and Cullen, members of the McPherson Mis- 
sion Band, were with us. Bro. Morris preached an excel- 
lent sermon. In the afternoon they gave a missionary 
program at one of our country places of worship. In the 
evening they gave a similar program here in the city, each 
one having a special subject. Their music at all these serv- 
ices was very fine. We were impressed with the responsi- 
bility to our foreign fields as well as to the work at home. 
An offering was given the band. Any church desiring a 
good missionary stimulant, should invite this band to visit 

Preliminary steps had been taken to divide the Newton 
church into two organizations. Dec. 15 a called meeting 

was held. Brethren E. E. John, J. J. Yoder and C. A. 
Eshelman, of McPherson, met with us, fully to organize 
us here in Newton. We chose the name, "The Newton 
City Church," and have thirty-four charter members. Bro. 
W. A. Kinzie, of McPherson, was chosen as our elder; 
Brethren M. Royer, A. L. Snowberger and J. Dudte, trus- 
tees; Bro. J. Dudte, clerk; the writer, "Messenger" agent 
and correspondent. Other items of business for the wel- 
fare of the new organization were discussed. 

Being without a resident pastor, Bro. C. A. Eshelman, 
of McPherson, has been preaching for us. Dec. 16 he gave 
a special message to our young people. In the afternoon 
we met at the church for baptismal services. One young 
man was baptized. Bro. Eshelman, two sisters and the 
writer visited our afflicted sister, Lucy Miller, at one of 
our hospitals. While there, we, with some of her relatives, 
had a season of worship for her, which cheered her very 

Dec. 23 Bro. Eshelman could not be with us, as he was 
engaged in a series of meetings at Madison, Kans. After 
the Sunday-school hour, a Christmas program was given 
by the Sunday-school. The usual treat was given them. 
An offering of $10.14 was lifted for the poor Armenians. 
The contents of our birthday bank for the last quarter will 
also be given to this worthy cause, making a total of 

Last Sunday our elder, Bro. W. A. Kinzie, gave us an 
excellent sermon. Closing the year, as we have, with a 
new organization, he gave us many good ideas as to our 
work for the coming year. 

In the afternoon we met in council, with Bro. Kinzie 
presiding. Sister Lena Romine was chosen superintendent 
of the Sunday-school. Quite a number of committees were 
elected for various lines of work. 

The church building needs some repairs, which will be 
attended to in the near future. We are looking forward 
to a brighter future and hope that much good may yet be 
accomplished at this place. Mrs. Lizzie A. Lehman. 

408 E. Fifth Street, Newton, Kans., Jan. 4. 


A spiritual uplift was enjoyed at this Institute that will 
not soon be forgotten. We were very hospitably enter- 
tained by the members of the Virden congregation. 

The first session was held on the evening of Dec. 25 and 
the last one on the evening of the 28th. Bro. Otho Winger, 
of North Manchester, Ind., gave us strong teaching on the 
following subjects: "The Doctrine of God," "The Chris- 
tian Church," "The Doctrine of Man," "The Social Mis- 
sion of the Church," "The Doctrine of Jesus Christ" and 
"The Country Church." 

Sister Laura Gwin, of Chicago, gave us much help on - 
the Graded Sunday-school Lessons,— " Child's Life of 
Christ "—and also child study, treating the subjects of 
"Fear," " Anger " and " Self." These will prove very help- 
ful to parents, as well as to Sunday-school teachers. She 
gave one address on " Our Young People " and another on 
"The Missionary Training of our Children," which were 
very suggestive and will mean much to all who are wide- 
awake, and eager to use the best methods in training the 
young. - 

On Friday evening members of the Volunteer Mission 
Band gave a splendid program as follows: "The Relation 
of the War to Missionary Enterprise."— Paul Bechtold. 
"The Responsibility of the Church to Missionary Enter- 
prise."— Ora Mote. " The Ultimate Basis of a World De- 
mocracy." — I. J. Gibson. " Sacrifice and Devotion to 
Duty."— Jesse C. Shull. 

These young people seemed full of missionary zeal, and 
may the Lord abundantly bless all the good seed sown, 
that it may bear much fruit for his glory. 

Martha E. Lear. 

412 E. Olive Street, Decatur, III., Jan. 8. 


One of the outstanding features of our work, this year, 
is the large number of young ministers in school. We 
have nearly thirty already and know of others that are 
still to enter at the next semester's beginning, Jan. 21. 
Thirteen of these are men with families. Five of the 
number are in the senior class. Only eight are in the 
academy. All the others are in the college department. 

Several of these would be unable to be in school at all 
except for the assistance given them by others. In sev- 
eral instances the home Christian Workers' Band is pro- 
viding the tuition. In others, a Sunday-school class, or 
several individuals together, are helping some one to get 
his preparation for the great work of the church. 

We long for the time to come when we shall have en- 
dowment enough for scholarships by which we can throw 
the doors of the school open to every minister, and say 
to him that now, since the church has called him to do her 
work, her schools are his, to prepare himself. 

A few of our student boys lately volunteered for war 
work. For this we are very sorry. The management of 
the school did all possible to keep them in school, at 
least until they should be called regularly in the draft, 
but we could not hold them. The purposes for which the 
war is being fought will have little permanence in human 
society except there be well-trained men,— men with a 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 


,'ith ability 



Christianity. Somebody must exalt Chr 
shall perish. May it be laid heavily upon the hearts of 
fathers and mothers everywhere to consecrate their sons 
and daughters for the great constructive work of the 
church, and to give them every encouragement to prepare 
for the largest measure of service it shall be possible 
for' them to render. 

McPherson, Kans., Jan. 8. 

. Beckn 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

helng In tin 


following ro- 
for worship. 




deacon brothoi „..„ 

— (MM.) Mamie Sink, Trlgo, Cal., Jan. 


'agingly. Diir 

» appointed oi 

unsttntlngly, with 

rendered by the children 

i night. Whe 



n1 by tin 


nmotint of the treat to the Halifax suffere 
lied $18.50. Several families of members have 
for the winter, ns well as n few of the Brethren's 
not members. A Christian Workers" Meeting 

the work Is up predated. The first Sunday in the nei 


• ottenda 
so was tilled 1 
day by day.- 


Clny Creek.— Wo reorganized our Sunday- school Dec. 30 with 
Hro. Wlllnrd Jnrhoo ns superintendent. We hove an evergreen 
Sunday-school . We need a resident minister here. The harvest 
Is great but the laborers are few. We ask for vour prayers In 
our behalf.— Susan Jnrboe, It. D. B, Lamar, Colo., .Tan. 15. 

"e Beqne.— Jan. we took up collections for the Armenian 
' " i Valley Sun 


1 $3 was r 

iveil, wiih 


Beery, De Beque, Colo., Joi 

elected elder for another j 
ent of (he Sunday-school; 
Christian Workers; Sister i 

islonnl appointment 

nind. — Salem 

i a collection of $11.63. 

Colo., Jan. 

p.— Bro. George A. Heaglny and wife, formerly 

tly enjoyed their 

Ind., Jan. 1 


during the past few 

'oung wife and 

We requpst the prnyei 
weeks have pnssed sin 

wo were restored and five await the 
f Bourbon, Ind.. conducted the song 
lave with us Bro. Win. L. Hatcher, 
meetings. He gave us a splendid 
— Vernie Beaver, R. D. 1. Fortvllle. 

lied throughout our 
A spis'iidly sad case 
as been in n critical 

her behalf. 

t meetings 

Were' r ,fhLT 

I choice. Bro. Hirt gave 
s, his wife was nt borne:, 
! that such devotion 

. They closed 
the first one 

■rmons. While 

Ind., Jan, 10. 

Upper »e*r 

place Dec. fi, 

Dec. 14, in cr 
Garber. Brethren B. I). Hirt and 
s. Bro. Chns. Paul and Sister E 
dny-school superintendents. Our 
Renn Mnddux ; " Messenger " con 

i Bro 

nt. We have 

r Sun day- school seems to Uave 
i I'.ro. McFndden, of Ohio, held 
ist revival, held by Bro. Hirt 
to us nil.— Lillian Enrhnrt, U T 

that much good has been done 
Lincoln, Ind., Jan. 13. 

series of meetings. He 

. Ira Kreider, 
The weather 

Walker.' R. r 

The Interest 
council for selecting 


nained with u; 
nee were good. Two m 
baptized. The church was edified 

B held a special 

dder their ...... 

;acons. Brethren Urbanus 

m Wagner were selected and, with their wives, 
o. Harvey Schwalm was advanced to the full 
David Anglemye 

ministry. El 

committee), H. U. Schwnlm, Frank Kreider" and" 'i"s "bu 

presont.— Irvln Miller, R. D. 5. Goshen, Ind., Jan. 15. 


1 Sundi 

meeting, held Nov. 30. the 
.-- were elected for the new 

i n ,?'; "" K W " ilvor - fW'f: Bro. D. p. Hutchison 

■ Walter. 2610 Thirty-eighth Av 

c 86. Fresno, Cal.. Dec. 14. 
oliday week In a very profitable 

spirit o 
be wltl 

Emma ' 

SI-I.t Kr 

Myrtle Fink, "M( 

Thanksgiving time and' sent to tl 

M. Follls. Patterson. Cal. Jan. 1? 

I donation > 
" Messenger " 

if Chrl 
of theii 

in Souths 
i splendid 

rlnlty.— B. C. Baldwin, 370 E. Pasadena Street, 

The superintendent not being there 
to service. Florida has experienced 
own here, though the thermometer -— 

t eighty- two degrees " 

, the 

■ reorganized 
Iro. J. D. nasi 

a flourishing 

nrgh, presiding. Bro. C. O 1 
It; the writer. "Messenger" n 
'. J. C. Funderburgh. Sunday 

the shade 

Sunday-school east of 
as superintendent. The 
iditlon and the interest 
nrk during the coming 
ve had n great deal of 
is not been hurt In this 
Seminole, Fla.. Jan. 16. 
1th our elder, Bro. J. C 

a.), will be with 

of ou 
also ]. 

the much needed 

We pray that his visit to the many pun 

good and that the call for laborers win 

Funderburgh, Eustis, Fla., Jan. 13. 


Ing. Dec. 31, Fid. John lWki,u!ii' prc-Tid'ii 
of l.iislni.'ss was the election of officers fo 

Sunday-school superintendent. The Snti 
iintt...ri/rd to appoint the other officers. 

ment Is 11." tl,.. vvt-r:^!,' ultrn,]:,,'',^ fnr'u 

lly from Leedy. OUla. 
us In a few days. We 
lereafter. While some 

;upp]ii'd.— Mrs. J. C. 

Thos. McWethy 
; the past yeai 

s." On Snndav, Jim •■ 
th us, and gave us I 

-1." Madison Avenue, 

, HI.. Jan. 13. 

i meeting Dec. 16. 


The usual Christmas trea 
it to the Old Folks' Horn 


"White Gift '■' Christmas' 

y and junior grades 
e -specially thankful 
all the people of on 

h the efforts of our 

on a graded system 

" Life of Christ " in 

Our great need Is 

(■ District Who 

poster, in the Red 

Tinners 7 

istee Street, Coun 

icr pastor, Bro. C. E. 

. Hutchison, 003 Higli 

-nr, two of our Simda v-schnui 
3 and Prof. Shannon, a noted 
ics and hygiene, delivered four 

goodly n 
Mrs. Oil' 

. C. M. Snt 


i Is 

Bro. C. M. Sute,- was rci'l.'-t-d t.." th'w office"^ elder — 
Dearmle, Sterling, III., Jan. 13. 


T Bm^'w".? m<?t . ln counp11 Doc >■ 0| "- el'lcr being ah- 
it. Bro. J. M. Shepherd was moderator. "~- " --- - -- 

of Cincinnati. Ohio, began 

i Norman, Sunday-school superlnti 
r. Christian Workers' president. A , 
investigate plans of remodeling oui 

- -dder. As had bet. . ,., 
In, of Greene, Iowa, came to us Dei 
rm. Though the wenther was ver 
r the time, much Interest was maul 
h good was accomplished. We have 
le Term next summer, to be followed 
rvey W. Allen, Dnmont, Iowa, Jan. 
Creek met in business meeting wit 
. presiding. On account of cold w< 

at the later date. 

was chosen ns our elder for another 

senger" agent and correspondent; 

the Master In 1018.— Mrs. P. H. Enfi 

ith our elder, Bro. E. 

weather we postponed 
We had arranged for 
e hoping to have him 
by death, Bro. Flscel 
Bro. Roy Real. " Mes- 
H Knllchl, Slinday- 

D. 1, Maxwell, Towa. 

rch met in council Dec. 15, with Bid. D. 
cers were elected for 1018. We decided 
■onduct a singing school for us someti 

st tribute of respect to our departed brotiiei 
ie ministry, Willis Rodribaue-h, who died Jnn 
.'-eight years. The fact f ' 


= -■"■'- minr-l.Tl.i! 
Bro. Christ. He 

-hlch our brotl 

im in our wor! 

ilnlsterlnl life 

1st. He was 

ind him.— E. 

s evidence 

is held In the com 
, where he has spci 

Ulld up th 
helping nan 

. Fonts. R. D. 3, Albla" low . 

oer pastor, Bro. O. C. Caskey, an 

i, Iowa. We expect Bro. Will W n gone 

held Dec. 17. Bro. Weaver, of ( 
oner was elected cider; Sister 

"Messenger" correspondent an.. 

Sister Elsie West, superintendent of 
Medn Caskey, superintendent of cradle 
Corning, Iowa, Jan. 14. 

: in council 

March 1. 
i, was In < 
de Wray. 


ia:,l .. 

with our elder. 

pastor of the West" Wichita 

; Bro. W. H. Stemple, Sunday-school 
Trapp, president of Christian Work- 
two weeks' series of meetings, eon- 
, Bro. Frantz. Two accepted 
feast, with Bro. H. E. Blough, 
Ion, officiating. Sunday morn- 
i-.inLui vuiiuiK lvu an Installation service for the 
Our Christian Workers have been trying to do 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 

taken for Arrr 

The church 

Interesting nn<l growing, 

•i> received by tetter, 
the Christian Work- 

-Piiul Sheaks, Garden City. Ivans., Jim. 

Hftietli wedding anniversary Deo. 

-ender^d by Ih.- primary grades 
The collection lifted was donated 
e have Just organized n junior 
^c lower grades, t lie graded Sun- 
etlng the death of Eld. W. n. 
Deeter, was announced. It was 
af respect and condolence. The 
nd useful life of our departed 
brother, nnd speak of tho rich heritage he leaves,— not only to 
Ills immediate relatives but also to the church at large. Ills' life 

touch with It. The Crc!iVJi/«ncT snr.'ly have Mo ''sincere^ syn" 
pnthy and condolence of all,— Mrs. M. N. Mikcsell, Miami, N. 
Mex., Jan. 2. 

Mlnot— On Sunday morning, ,Tnn. 13. Bro. "W. A. DenrdorfX, of 

iportnnco In teaching our children and neighbors the 
God. and also told us of some of the proceedings at tho 
e.— Jorgen Hoe, 120 Third Avenue, N. W.. Mlnot, N. Dak., 


at their 
Ilnrnly, helped to make tin 

ter, Mrs. E. S. Strlckler. and family, living In California, could 
not be present. In the afternoon Mrs. H. J. Harnly and others, 
unknown to us, invited guests to our house. Then they called 
us home, and we were completely surprised, on entering the 
house, to receive the felicitations of our neighbors, brethren nnd 
sisters. It was a plensant gathering for all in attendance.— 
Amnndn ; 

-Mrs. Emma 

husinsm. Our pastor, Bro. Sherfy, has ju 

, Roi 


Ivans., .Tan 

Brownsville— Thanksgiving Day Bro. Geo. S. Harp, of Myers- 
vllle, Md„ preached for us. He also gave a temperance talk in 
the evening. The next evening he began a series of meetings at 
the South Brownsville church, which closed two weeks later. 
One young man accepted Christ. Interesting Christmas pro- 
grams were rendered at the three Sunday-schools on Christmas 
Day nnd the day after. Collections amounting to $40.33, were 
tnken for the Armenians at each school. Bro. S. F. Spltzer was 
elected superintendent of the Brownsville Sunday-school, nnd 
Bro. Charles Hoffmaster, president of Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing; Bro. P. R. Phillips, superintendent of — 

for 1018. Our teacher-training class Is arranging for a public 
In the near future. — Mrs. Nellie S. Koet/el, Brownsville. 

church held its council on the first Saturday of the 
The old method, of raising money by : 
d best, nnd it was adopted. Bro. Geo. E. Stone v 

hrlstian Workers" Mediums have closed until 
favorable. — W. H. Roose, Butternut, Mich., 

Joplln. church mot in council Dec. 22, with our elder, Bro. N. 
Oren, presiding. The trustees gave a report of their work in re- 
gard to the. purchasing of a new location, which was accepted. 
Bro. N. Oren was elected as our elder for another year; the 
writer as trustee for three years, nnd nlso "Messenger" cor- 
cliurch clerk; 


Milk River Valley church met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. 

G. N. Pnlkenstein presiding. One letter was received and two 

granted. Bro. Falkensteln was appointed to arrange with the 

neighboring churches in Canada, to hold a Join" ~ 



dedication of ■ 

March 31. Brethren Falkensteln and J. A. Brumbaugh are in 
charge of the dedicatory service.— Mrs. ,T. J. Peters, R, D. 1, Krem- 
lin, Mont., .inn. 7. 

Alvo church met in council Jan. 15. Our pastor and elder, 
Bro. Wm, TJ. Wagner, has labored very effectually in our midst 
for nearly three years, II© now contemplates to leave, with his 
family, for another field of labor. Accordingly, a committee was 
chosen to make an effort to secure a minister and elder to fill the 
vacancy by March 

i elected < 
nted.— J. L. Snavely, 

nights, with his stercoptlei 




nrely n rich, splritunl feasl 

Mil lei 

■ faith in the Good Old Bool 
termination alwnys to stand In its defense was strengthened. Bro. 
Miller's lectures proved to be the grandest success, in every way, 
of anything wo have had in our church for a long time. The in- 
terest shown was intense, by both members nnd outsiders. The 
> evenings our building was taxed, to its limit i 

• the e 

i plnce. Many were the i 
n longer. — Sister Bessie 

■ inrcest \ 

> hnvi 

. Miller i 

, 2135 S Street, Lincoln, Nebr., 

Onuilin.— We met in council Dec. 8, Eld. L. L. Meek presiding. 
Bro. Meek was reelected as elder In charge for another year; 
"Messenger" correspondent. O. J. Dickey; Sunday-school suporin- 

this place, and an executive nniiUee was appointed to h: 

complete charge of all arrangements. It was also decided to h; 
a revival meeting, to begin two weeks before, and to continue ei 
night during the conference week, provided suitable arran 
ments can be made with the program committee, to grant 
period from eight to nine, each evening, for that purpose. ( 
District Mission Board bad a meeting here In Omal 

Silver Lake church me 
H, D. Michael, presiding 
Hargelrond ns Sunday-! 
clerk. — Ida Miller, Roselnnd, Nebr., Jnn. 11. 


Miami. — Lnat Sunday 


Ing this i 

■\ pressed their d-'-'lre 

1 the church entertained a 
the Navy Yard. After at- 
i home and entertained by 
?d to enjoy 

■ f'Urisi 

day evening after Christmas. 

mostly by the primary and tunl 

cises given by the young ladles i 

given for those who were faithful in. nttendai 

The church also had a Watch Night Moling, conducted by" Bro! 

Rates. Some lantern slides wc • 

Igal Son. The first Sunday I 

bad special 

1 departments, and also i 
Rewards < 
■ for the ; 


'nt. They hud special services and oil 
llpliuna as they enuhiated from their de- 
Rogers, 1S25 K. Ontario Street, Phlla- 

Our daughter, Mrs. H. J. Harnly, who Beeghly 

icll Dec. IS with 

it— Margaret 

Petersburg.— Bro. Ralph W. Schlosser, of Ellzabethtown, 
al meeting. 

decided to extend the call to him to hold our Bcrles of meet- 
ings in August.— Mrs. Sam Hudson, New Lebanon, Ohio, Jan. 10. 
i City church met In council Jan. 4, with our pastor, Eld. 

rendered by the elementary department of the 1 
also had the privilege of entertaining the District Sunday-school 
Teachers' Institute during the holiday season, which was very 
helpful and Instructive to all. — Mrs. Florence, O. Royer. Old 

' Society. Bro. S. A. Blessing was with us on Sunday, Dec. 

and preached two splendid sermons. A collection of $21 was 
en for the Armenian su rferers. — May Urossniekle, New Mad* 
a, Ohio, Jan. 0. 

huivUlo,— Sunday morning, Oct. 21, Bro. G. L. Wine, of North 
ncheatcr, Ind., began a three weeks' revival, ending Nov. 12. 

gave'us twenty-four Spirit-filled sermons. Ho labored for the 
version of souls nnd the upbuilding of the church. Si* of 
■ Sunday-set 1 scholars accepted Christ and were baptized. 

school for the present year. We also 
Songs No. 2" In our services. Slste: 
Ohio, District Sunday-school Seeretar; 

one Sunday Ing 

$05.20 to World-wide Missions.— Tele May Workman, R. D. 2, 
Howard, Ohio, Jan. 7. 
Deshler. — We held our council Dec. 22. Bro. Senger was elected 

uperlntendent; Bro. Joe Burress, president of Jnn 

Souderton, Pa., Jan. 15. 
Little Swatnrn.— Our little band, worshiping at Rankstown 
■hurcb, a mission point of this congregation, were much en- 
'uuniged during Die past few weeks, through the efforts of Eld. 
fohn C. Zug, of Palmyra, Pa., who assisted us in a series of meet- 
ngs. He preached along doctrinal lines and as an immediate 
esult two have accepted Christ. These, with one convert at 
llooiishine, last month, arc to be baptized soon, making a net in- 
rease of three to our membership here. Our Sunday-school Is 
iow evergreen nnd on Christmas we lifted an offering of $11.50 
i and Syrian sufferers.— Elmer W. Wenger, R. D. 

ongregatlon con 


i B. F. Petry, Henry Ehy nnd Franklin 

, Jnn, 


Id coi 

ohn E. Itowlnn 

appropriate Christmas program er. president of the Chr 

Smith canvnssed < 

Armenian sufferers.' The following week Brt 
lir District and received $127 for the erection 
of a new church in Cincinnati. At the present time we nre hav- 
ing a very interesting Bible class, which has completed one 
year's work. Our Sunday-school has just made a very favorable 

ugh the aid of 

llle, Pa., Jan. 15. 

boot Board, $2; 

i Saturday evening at 7: 


of the Sisters' 

i at 

lilch was highly appreciated. Our Christmas pro- 
by the children and young people, was enjoyed 
- of present con 

icrbil offering of $20 

The largest iitt.-ndai 

> Of t 


rons and one hundred 
Hospital. We donated 
two bonnets and one comforter to a poor family; $5 to a sister; 
$5 to Bro. O. F. Helm, of Florida; ?.'. to Moy Wing; $50 to Mary 
t.Hilnter Hospital in India; $11) to J. F. Cray-bill, Malrnrt, Sweden; 


3 church; paid out i 


J. h. Gu 
lectin gi 



ntil i 


thread, piecing 
es and dry goods. The total amount expended was $150.44. 
nt received from collections, $4S.S5; from donations, $23; 
?s sold. $30.50; Scripture calendars sold. $25; In treasury 
1010, $20; 

ot sa_good the first week. The attendance nnd interest In- 
d, however, as the meetings progressed. Bro. Outhrle 
is strong Gospel sermons and the church was strengthened 
■uilt up. Our Sunday- school elected officers for one year, 
Bro. John Throne as superintendent.— Mrs. Ottle Fisher, 


> officers for 
Holllnger ; Vice-President, Sister 
Secretary, th© w 

Pioneer, Ohio, 

Eld. S. 

i Gingrich; 
Sally Longenecker.— 
i M. Take, 511 E. Main Street, Annvlllc, Pa., Jan. 0. 
vmium), OREGON— The following Is the report of the Sis- 
ters' Aid Society for the year 1017: Number of meetings, twenty- 
two; total attendance, one hundred forty-flve; average attend- 
once, about six. Our work consisted of making comforts, prayer- 
veils and dust-caps. We did some work for cash, such as doing 
plain sewing 'vlng comforts, etc., for Individuals. Nov. 23. 1018, 
pledged ourselves to give $30J " 

Fund,— $15 in 1917, 


Decker, Ashland, Oregon, Jan. 
-A Jew has been visiting the churches, posing 

elded to put it t 

i Insl 

I $15 1 

Wc 1 

Oct. 23 we paid the first half 
1 and de- 

; been as much this year as some- 
times, yet we feel that Ood has blessed our efforts abundantly. 

considering our small number of member: 

for the year. $41.20; money carried over from 1010, $0.81 

In trensurv, $5.32. We reorganized Dec. 27 

cers: President. Sister Lydia Morton; Vlci 

Money received 
$0.81; amount 
following offl- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 

B. Decker; Secretary and Treasnrer, Slstor Jennie Burnett. — Miss 
Llixle T, Detweller, Retiring Secretary and Treasurer, Asbland, 
Oregon, Dec 31. 

COON RIVER, IOWA.— The following le the report of the Aid 
Society for the year 1017: Number of meetings held, twenty-five, 
with nn average attendance of ten members. Money received for 
quilting. $20.80; by general collection, $15.05; for sewing, $1.55; 
for comforts, $2.0L Total amount of money received. $41.28; 
total amount paid out, $58.53. We decided to donate $50 to the 
Mary Quinter Memorial Fund,— $25 to bo paid in 1917 and the 
balance In 1918. We sent $25 to our Receiving Home at Ankeny, 
Iowa; $10 to a sister In Chicago; $5 to the Dea Moines church; 
$2.95 to Bro. 0. F. Helm, of Florldn; $3 to Patron-Teachers' 


We mot Jan. 3, 1 

I'liu'lie Paul, Prealdi'iit ; Sister Sarah Henston, Vlce-Presld 
Sister Ella Bowman, Superintendent; Sister Mallnda Ecki 
Assistant Superintendent; the writer, Secretary and Treasi 
Number of meetings held, seventeen; average attendance, ele 

slstnnt Secretary, Sister May Senear; Supi-rlnti-ndenta, Sisters 
Zona Ott and Lizzie Erb.— Allle Llllle, Pnnorn, Iowa, JaD. 8. 
EAGLE CREEK, OHIO.— Following is our report of the Sis- 
Society for 1917: Wo held eleven all-day meetings; 

average attendance, 13. 

total number of members 

curtains, three comforts, quitted one quilt, mndo several rugs 
and prayer-coverings, cut and pieced comfort-blocks, served lunch 
at one public sale. We furnished one room nnd gave $40 to 
North Manchester College. We donated $5 to Bro. Helm; sent 
two boxes of clothing to Chicago Mission. On hand Jnn. 1, 1017, 
$79.50; receipts for the year, $28.66; total, flO&OD. Total ex- 
penses. $S7.31 ; on hand, Jan. 1. 1018, $20.7R Oflleers for 1918 
are: Sister Hnttle Bnme, President; Sister Frances Bnugbman, 
Vice-President; the writer, Secretary nnd Treasurer. Our Presi- 
dent, Sister Amanda Anglemyer, has been nililcted the past year 
and also our Vice-President, Sister Lldn Freed, but both ore 
gaining in health.— Mrs. Tillle Bossermnn, Willlnmstown, Ohio, 

received from 

supply which 

; donated In home communl 
i in price of materials we pn 
$11.30. Feb. 24 

sent a package to Sister Jacob Hoi linger in Washington, 
package contnined thirty pieces of clothing, valued nt $ 
Id June we sent another package to the Sisters' Aid Society of 
Woodberry church in Baltimore, containing twenty-one pieces of 
clothing, valued at $8.30. In October, a pnekage containing 
twenty-one pieces of clothing, valued nt $7.35, was sent to Sister 
icknge, containing Qfteen 

l Schneidei 
pieces of clothing, valued nt $8.35, wa 
of Charity in Baltimore. We did BOm 
quilted four quilts, nnd have two more 
Mrs. Paul Hull. Secretary and Treasi 


the Federation 

Windsor, Md., 

ELK BUN. VA.— During the ; 
twelve regular meetings and two 

two members enrolled, The largest attendance at any meeting 
was fifteen members nnd two visitors. Amount received from 
1910 treasurer was $11.78. The free-will offering for this year 

was $15.17; received on" L goods and premiums, $30.97; 

for prayer coverings, $10.80; for comforts, $30.14; for quilts, 
$14.24; for Easter egg oITering. $10.37; for birthday offerings, 
$5.13; for cash donations, $T.S0; for vanilla, $5.85; for other ar- 
ticlea, $25.29. Total amount received during the year, $170.54. 
We paid out the following: To the Orphanage, $10; to a nurse 
for a poor aged sister. $3; to placing "Messengers" in homes, 
$2; to Annual Meeting offering, $2; to District Meeting offering. 
$5; to the Bridgewuter College Endowment, $5; to the Bridge- 
water College debt. $5; to help a needy family, $5.30; to a sister, 
leeting, $10; to the Mary Quinter 

besides doing their other Aid work as usual.— H. H. Rltter, Mabel, 
Oregon, Jan. B. 

MANOR, MD.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society from Jan. 1, 1S17. 
to Jan. 1, 1018: We have nn enrollment of eleven members and 
have held thiriy-nwen meetings, with an average attendance 
of eight. We mnde the following nrtlcles: Five girls' dresses, 
three babies' dresses, fourteen petticoats, thirty-eight aprons, 
three clothes-pin aprons, eighteen coverings, sixty-eight bonnets, 
five quilts, fifteen ironing-board covers, four comfort-bags, thir- 
teen pairs of pajamas and two nightgowns. In addition 
work we papered four rooms. The collections amounted to 
$1.08. We received as donations, $10.40 In money, besides two 
bonnets, two ironing board covers, one yard of gingham, one- 
half sack of coal, three lints of cotton and one covering. Month- 
ly fees amounted to $7.7,'.; expenditures for material, $33.85. We 
received $08.21 for the articles we Bold. We gave $12.50 to the 
Mary Quinter Memorial Fund; 25 cents to the District Secre- 
tary; 75 cents for flowers for a sick sister; $10 to the Superan- 
nuated Ministerial and Missionary Fund; $10 to the new church- 
house; $2.00 to Bro. Otto F. Helm; $5 to the Red Cross Society. 
We also made four comfort-bags and thirteen pairs of pajamaB 
for Red Cross Society; gave two dresses and two petticoats to 
two poor girls; one bonnet to a widow and also papered (free of 
• the Chicago Mis- 

by electing the following officers: 

lng along with 

reorganized for 

President, Sister Otelin Relchard; Vice-President. Sister Katie 

Miller; Secretary, the writer; Treasurer, Sister Naomi CoBfman; 

]'iL>-.tory, Sisters Portia ~ 

Sister Katharyn Nlchols,- 

Jnn. 11. 

load of provisions, 

Hospital, $25, We donated n apring- 

clothing and bedding to a family who had a loss by fli 

cnrrled over from 1017 was $17.22. Officers for the coming yen: 

I follows: President, Gertie M. Zlgler; Vice-President Li*. 

-(Brick Chnrch).— Report of- 

Society for the year 1917: Number of meetings, twenty 
attendance, eight. We quilted two quilts and tacked fl' 
forts. Our sewing consists mostly of piecing comforts and mak- 
ing clothing. We held two all-day sewings in homes; served 
lunch at five sales. The receipts for the year are $203.30; ex- 
$104.30; balance in treasury, $09. We gave two families 
$10. Nov. 28 
of clothing t 

$7.50; to Mission Board, $5; Koki 

wo met at Sister L. W. Teeter's oi 

rr!,!!;,i i; >|K,ij<!, mostly donated by the members and valued 




Minnie Huffman. 

nan. A number of committees will be 

at— Ada Huffman. Elk Run, Va., Jnn. 12. 

following is the report of the Sisters' 

Officers, Sister Nancy Lashley, 

Chorister, Eliza 

appointed by the 


Aid Society for 
President; Sister 
Burket, Secretary; Sister Dessa Simmons, 

business meetings at the church, with an average 

, Vice-President; Sister Oertrude 
r. We held 

l':i st year, but hope to do mot 
Stout, Hagerstown, Ind„ Jan. 

The following officers we 

Deeter, Assistant Secretary and 
mcouraged with the work of the 
the coming year. — Mrs. Catharine 


during the yei 
twenty-six praj 
top nnd three b 
three tubes of i 
endars. We pai 


meetings in 

ie and donated < 
ought and sold i 


n-Ezperce, IDAHO.-Report of the Sisters* Aid Society for 
17: Total number "1 meetings, twenty-nine; total number "pr.^- 
it, 203. Cash received, $84; aprons mnde, thirty-two- middles 
s, twenty-five; plIlow-caseB. eighteen; towels, six; quilts 

$77.15; balance in treat 

Weaver, was called from 

Lnahloy, 127 Mechanic Street, Everett, Pn., Ja 
FOUR MILE, INT>.— During 


debt; gave $5 to home missions; 

r class-room. We hnd on hand, at 

>lved during year, $00.88; paid out, 

$0.83. Our Vice-President, Fanny 

reward during the year. — Nancy 

dfsold quilted, four 

Quinter Memorial Fund. Ofiicers for the new * year "are 
lows: President, Sister Emma Mitchell; Vice-President, 

lngs and ; 
this ; 

The , 

fi.u.'.: balance in the I 


from 1910, $235.81. $10.87 for 

Treasurer, Sister 
Dec. 20. 

Sisters" Aid Society fo 

with an average nttendi 

517.20; donations. $8.70; total received, $25.09. Money 

- building the < 

nt Kokomo, Ind.; $50 for the Mary (jointer Memorial Fund"" '$23 
was used to purchase supplies which the Aid Society made ready 
for the cyclone sufferers to use; *10.45 to the surgical dreeing 
work of this township; $55 for the Armenian sufferers; $9 65 for 

orr7f ttRlffl 11 ™ ^l; $ "f 17, lT VlnC n bnlance ]n «»• treas- 
ViL wit, following officers were elected for 1018: 

Sister Maggie Brower. President; Mrs. Myrtle Shrader, Superin 
lntendent; Sister Ruth Edgeworth Sec- ' 
MIbs Edna Brower, Kltchel, Ind.. Jan. 8. 
^ ^AfKLIN GROVE, ILL.— The followlm 

tendance, sixteen. Nurobe 

tlons. $30.73; by donation 
paid out for charity work 

. ad, $25.!. _. _. 
$5 donated to Mary Quinter Memorial; $1 

■ family: $13.28 for tablecloths i 

foot . 


Dec. 31, $18.78. 

f^Y, ^lO ^n T ™ StI<rfor l«tu«^ W0r\oT« , ;dVVhe h, jU", l dtal i, 
■a^ £-V' e ,\ C r; "^ " 10: Thanksgiving donation to Chi 
vifinn . ." ,'i ,' S "-" ,i; ' f " r ,lll|i;,,i,jns ' besides sending pro 

to the value Of $38 to ChlcnPi, <m,1 f„„ „,.„.„ - " 

lngs Street Mission. Chicago, for th 

One comfort-top and one-half dav's wc 

ter. Balance from 1910. $14.86; amount 

of 1918. $9.50. The following officers « 

Samuel Freed, President; Mrs. Fred Lamm 

vi S ^ A !T ? e, T°, n ' Secretary nnd Treasurer.-Elisa Alexander', 

North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 8. 

NORTH SOLOMON, KANS-— The following Is a report of our 

— . «.«<.»* ««.- Sisters- Aid Society for the year 1017: We met twentv five Mm I* 

eetlngs. twenty-three, with an average attendance of seven We tacked six comforrs 

quilted one quilt, besides doing other sewing. We fixed and sent 

of clothing to missions; paid $100 to the Mary 

Secretary and Treasurer. 

public snles, for which we received $119.50. Amount carried over 
from last year, $20.00; received by collections, work done and 
donations. $135.85; total receipts, $282.10. Donations made: One 
box of clothing to Old Folks and Orphans' Home, Mexico, Ind.; 
Quinter Memorial, $5; O. F. Helm, Florida, $5; Sister Lulu Cecil, 
$11.60; Poor Fund of church, $5; Bro. C. W. Wnrstler. $5; Sis- 
ter C. W. Warstler, $1.70. To the Old Folks and Orphans' Home, 
Mexico, Ind., we gave Christmas presents. All this makes a total 
of $43.30; other expenses, $137.11; total expenses, $180.41, leaving 
a balance in treasury of $101.09. Part of this amount is to be 
used in refurnishing the church, as soon as the remodeling Is 
completed. This is in progress at the present time.— Lucinda E. 
Zook, Huntington, Ind., Jan. 7. 

MABEL, OREGON.— Our Sisters' Aid Society bad twenty-seven 
meetings during 1017, with an average attendance of Bix. They 
quilted twelve quilts nnd knotted eight comforters, besides some 
other work. Their receipts for the year were $20.70, plus $11.01 
on hand nt first of year. This makes n total of $41.30. They gave 
$20 to the Mary Quintal Hospital Fund; $2.50 to a brother to 
do mission work in Georgia; used $5.05 for local church work; 
$4.20 to a family that lost their home by fire, leaving a balance 

by collection! 

J Bold, $184.06. 

i. $160.18; cash 

of native worker 


-Attn Small, Portls, Kans., Jan. Seitm 

lng and 
quilts, r 

of cloth- 

-, ■,-,iii-'.i eleven 
bonnets, eighty-four sewing-machine bags, 

ing rags flnd piecing. We held our election at Ian t meeting 

I?U jl'n.'s. 8 ' "'"" 7, a ° d T ™"""*-0™° Wolf, Franklin Drove'. 

LADOGA, TND.— The following l g ( 
with""' I9 "' '" j! "'" , " J ' lm8: w<! b »ld twcn'tV-'e 

Quinter Hospital; 

Idn Sherbondy, President 
writer, Secretary and Treaa 

ROCK KIN, IND.— The following la a report ot tho Aid In 
eloty for the year 1017: Average attendance fifteen -number or 
meetings, thirteen ; average collection. $1.60. We 'sent ninety 
garments and comforts to the following pieces: Orphans and Old 
Folks' home, at Mexico. Ind.. Decatur. 111., Marlon Ind and 
Hastings Sire, Mleslon. Chicago. Local mission work In chnrch 
and vicinity was valued nt fS.23. Total value of garments and 
comforts given to mission points and at home. S116. Money 
spent during tho year: *», ,„ M „, Q„i„,er Hospital; (250 to 
cent.' t!« F »"li. W-37 for register for Sunday-school ; 73 

: for flo 

1 of eW.2& Our 

in church; 97 c 
Expense for material i 

spent. $73.10. Amount rec'elv. 

$80.51 ; goods so] 


ale din 

balance of $38.79 _ 
Thursdays of each montl 
9B, New Ross, Ind.. Dec. 

Memorial Fund. Total 

year. Mv, n ,„ tl „g „ ,„,„, „ f ( 1)700 BB , n[ 

Slslc-r"nill» g-,„o-™!,' e 'Si"™'"" °^'» were elected for 1918: 
Sjlslcr Ollle Kinifliiuin. p r ... „, . S|s , er p , orr] p. VJ p 

unet: Sister l.nlu Swarti, Secretary and Treasurer.— Carrie Ulerv 

Secretary, Goshen. Ind., Jan. 5. ™ "'"'• 

UNION CITT, IND. (Firat Church).-The Ladle.' Aid Society 

Cook ; Superintendent, Lottie 

Superintendent, Annie Freldllno; Secretary and Treasurer, Elsie 
Netzley; Assistant Secretory and Treasurer, Lucille Lewis. Money 
received during the year was $103.50, which was paid on carpet 
for the new church.— Dora Noffsinger, 538 W. Pearl Street, Union 
City, Ind., Jan, 3. 

WEST EEI, RIVER, IND.— Report of the Aid Society for the 
year, 1017: During the year eleven all-day meetings were held, 
with a total attendance of one hundred nnd eighty-one. Devo- 
tional exercises were held ot the close of each meeting. The work 
consisted of making four quilts, five comforts and seventy gar- 
ments. Donations received: one comfort top, one paper of needles, 
thirteen nnd one-half yards of outing nnd calico, nnd ten spools 
' " In August twenty-six garments, 

11, .ir 

of eatables and flffteen new and twenty- 
is were sent to the Douglas Park Mis- 
ual Meeting; $10 to 

Ind. In November 
uve second-hand g 

slon, at Chicago. We gave $5 to the 
the Mary Quinter Memorial Fund; $5 I 
penseB for the year, $52.00; total offerings for the year, $10.35. Re- 
iwlng done, $40.10. This, together 
from 1916, makes n total of $86.07. 
Less $52.90, by way of expenses, leaves $33.71 In the treasury. 
The following officers were elected for next year: Sister Rebecca 
Montel, President; Sister Cora Metzger, Vice-President nnd Treas- 
urer; the writer, Secretary.— Iva A. Montel, Clnypool, Ind., Dec. 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 00 < 

PleaBe note that the fifty cents required for the publication 
of a marriage notice may be ar-"-" 
Messenger " subscription for th- 

nonius' " Gospel 

arried couple. Requ< 
i sent, and full adurt 

undersigned, at his home, Jnn. 6, 1018. 

Erb-Clark.— By the undersigned, at his home, Jnn. 1, 1918, Bro. 
Harley B. Erb and Sister Beulah M. Clark, both of Yale.— Irving 

~G. H. Bashor, Glendora, Cal. 
ndy-Bock.— By the undersigned, at his home, Dec. 12, 1917, 
Elbert Martin Tandy and Sister Pearl Gladys Bock, both of 
088, Iowa.— J. D. Brower. South English, Iowa. 


Aitpliuill, Lydla, nee Brumbaugh, 
ran. 12, 18" " 


aughte.'s home In Carl- 

1838, died Dec. 21, 1 

1 years, 11 months and 9 days. When ninet 
wub married to Robert Asplnnll. To them "were 
born eleven children. They moved to Michigan In 1872 and set- 
tled in Woodland Township. Here they lived nnd labored hap- 

Christlan life 
last few years 
arteries, but i 



leaves one brother, three sisters, Ave e 

grandchildren and six great-grandchildren. Services by Bro, J 

M. Smith.— Grace Blocher, Woodland, Mich. 

Becker, Sister Harriet Frances, daughter of Brother Noah and 
Sister Elizabeth Kinsey, born in Montgomery County, Ohio Aug 
4. 1800. died Dec. 24, 1917, at the home of her Bister, Mrs. J. W. 
,^ Ck 'o^ ryon ' N ' C - aeed 57 years ' 4 month s and 20 days. March 
17, 1899, she was married to J. Henry Becker, who died some 

Master called for 
near Dayton, Ohio, 
■" " 't'ler. -xuxi, jonn il : 28. — L. A. Book- 
alter, Trotwood, Ohio. 

ugh. Sinter Catharine, died in Somerset County, Pa., Dec. 24 

nitlee duo to old age, nged 83 years, 6 months and 

' of Eld. Valentine Blough, who 

In charge i 

20 days. She i 

ceded her to tho grave nineteen yeara ago. She Is survived by 
s grandchildren, eight grent-grand- 


< daughter; 

Roann, Ind., Dec. 10, 1917. nged 73 ;, , 

^ She married Isaac Dcardorff. Sept. 0. 1830. After 
for some time, 
ivho died Sept. 

■ death of her husband i 

: Church of the Breth- 

1013. Sister De< 

i 1887, and lived a devoted Christian life. Before her "death 
" LOinted according to James 5: 14. which wish 
wn, but cared for 

s granted. She had 

eral homeless children. Services by Eld. J, d" "iUfe'.' "Text, 

Interment in the I. 

O. F. cemetery. — Snrah C. 

/M^ an ^ e f' £, lv,tfl Mny ' n(ie Hbou'eB. bom in Van Wert County, 
Ohjo.Peb. 26,^1871, died Dec. 30, 1917, aged 40 years. 10 months 
Dangler Jan. 




i In 

1917. nged 

leaves I 


Waco, Tex., in the Government 

member of the Mennonite churcl 

Services by the writer in tho Presbyterian enure m 

ton. Text. Psa. 00: 12.— Perry A. Arnold, Benverton, Mich. 

DltBworth, Sister Catherine, born at Boonesboro, WnshJngtor 
Co., Md., April 12, 1S14. died No- ■» ■"»- - ■ — 
months nnd 12 days. She was th 
twelve children, born to Brother Joseph 

Emrnert. She came with her parents to Illinois when about 
twelve years of age. Her early life was spent near Mt. Carroll. 
111. Later she located In the Lnnnrk congregation. Nov 186^ 
nrried to Bro. John Ditsworth, who preceded her. She 
sons, one granddaughter and two sisters. The sla- 
'7 living members of the Jos. Emrnert family 
united with the Church of the Brethren at 
faithful member. Services by 
_ .u U ™, Interme- 1 '- 
Lanark.— W. H. Eiaenbiae, Mt. Carroll, III. 

Slater DItswo 
sixteen years 
the writer In the Lanark church, interment ' 

! cemetery of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 

Flke, John 
in Somereet County, 
Dec. 0. 1917, after a 
lytic strobe. In January, 1S84, he united 


Church Of 

Eva J. Lehman, Oct. 24, 1SS9. 
To them were born two sons and four daughters, of whom two 
sons and three daughters, together with his wife, survive. Bro. 
Flke was called to the deacon's office in 1007, while residing at 
Klngsley, Iowa. He has lived at the following places: Gar- 
rison, Iowa, Marcus, Iowa, Qninter, Kans., Garrison, Iowa, for 
the second time, In Mliun-snin. Kinsley, Iowa, and finally at 
Arcadia, Nobr. — Eva J. Fike, Arcadia, Nebr. 

GUI, Hazel Jnnet, daughter of Wm. C. and Maggie (Gearhart) 
Gill, residing near Spring Run church, Pa., died from the ef- 
fects of diphtheria, Dec. 10, 1917, aged 12 years and 1 day. Hazel 
united with the church on last Mo'*-— 
others, and was a faithful attendant 
linn Workers' Meeting. She leaves 

last Mothers' Day, with twenty -c 

! Sunday-school and Chris- 

-Cora E. Rush, McVeyto 
rotto, Samuel, born Oct. 
Dec. 16, 1917, aged 64 

ar North Webster, 

and 4 days. He 

preceded him. To them 

was married to Lucy 

ried the second time to Rhoda Guns In 1S91. To thei 
born five children, of whom four survive. He leaves his wife, 
eight children and fourteen grandchildren. Services Dec. 18, in 
North Webster by Rev. Morgan. Text, John 17. Interment in 
cemetery near by.— Hazel Z. Gantz, R. D. 2, Syracuse, Ind. 

Kline, Sister Rebecca J., 
17, 1844, died at the home 
Nov. 10. 1917, aged 73 yeai 

Kline, born Aug. 

iiphiry Clir 

Of I 

i-lnw, Bro. Jn' 
and 2 days. Sister Klii 
Church of the Brethri 

N!i<- Inn. 


for : 

three daughters, a number of grandchildren, one brother and 
one sister. Services at the Greenmount church by Eld? B. B. 
Miller, assisted by Eld. J. W. Wampler. Text, 2 Tim. 4: 8.— 
Annie Miller, R. D. 6, Harrisonburg, Va. 

Lambert, Sister Susanna, daughter of Moses and Rebecca 
(Stoner) Hyre, born in Montgomery County, Ohio, Jan. 17, 1S55, 
died In Dayton, Ohio, at the home of her daughter, Bessie 
Lambert Kleflnger, Nov. 12, 1917, aged 02 years, months and 
20 days. June 15, 1S73, she was married to Franklin Lambert, 
who died April 13, 1007. To them were born two eons and two 
daughters, one of whom died Sept. 25, 18S9. For many years 
she was a member of the Church of the Brethren, manifesting 
a quiet and reserved disposition. She leaves two sons, one 
daughter, seven grandchildren, one brother and one Bister. Serv- 
ices by the writer in the church of the Old German Baptist 
Brethren. Text, Heb. 9: 27. Interment in Ehrstine cemetery 
near by.- 

McDanoK SI: 

home of Mr. C C. Pltchford, where she and her baby were mak- 
ing their home at the time of her death, aged 24 years and 5 
months. She had no earthly home, but was working by the 
week to support herself and baby. The little one Is three years 
old, and Is left in this cold world all alone. One of the sis- 
ters of the church, here at Happy Hill, has the little one at 
present. Sister McDanels was married to Joe McDanels In 1911 
To them was born the one daughter. The deceased united with 
the Brethren church Sept. 0. 1017. Services at this place by Bro. 
Ervin Enos, of Adrian, Mo.— Sister Zylpha Erfkanp, R. D. 5, 
Rich Hill, Mo. 

Moyer, Sister Diana, born In Richland County, Ohio, March 
30, 1834, died at her home at Primrose, Ohio, Jan. 3, 1918. aged 
83 years, 9 months and 3 days. She was married to Henry W. 
Moyer, Feb. 22, 1850, and to them were born 

daughters. In 

' 1859, she, with 

County, Wis., and remained there un 
en they moved on their farm at Prim 

She united with the Church of the 
o and lived a faithful Christian life. She 

E charity, 
She was the last of the family o; 
the great beyond. Her husband, c 

: of the church. 

hose. Interment beside hi 
r. W. Keiser, Alvordton, Ohio. 
Partch, Frank Nelson, born No* 

it Grove house by tl 

Text, Luke 23: 28, \ 

husband, in the cemetery-i 

Outlook, Wash., after a Bh< 
aars, 1 month and 19 days, 
i Weston, Oregon, 
i ago. To them w 

Services in the Outlook church by Brethrt 

North Yakima, and S. H. Miller, of Sunnyside, Wash, 

In Outlook cemetery.— Olga Conover, Outlook, Wash. 

Hummel, Deeg George, of Hooversvllle, Pa., died Dec. 31, 1917, 

. J. Blough, Hooversvllle, 

7 months and 12 days. Sister ShlUctt 
mother. She leaves her husband, one 
an aged mother and three brothers. 
Services at the Greenmount church by Eld. B. B. Miller, as- 
sisted by Bro. J. W. Miller.— Annie Miller, R. D. 0, Harrison- 
burg, Va. 

Stump, Ruth Marie, daughter of John and Ellen Stump, born 
near Tnylorsburg, Ohio, May 22, 1903, died at the State Hos- 
pital, Gallipolls, Ohio, Dec. 10, 1917, aged 14 years, 6 months and 
27 days. She leaves her father, mother, four sisters and grand- 
parent. Services In Lower Stillwater church, Happy Corner, 
Ohio, by the writer and Eld. E. B. Hoff. — L. A. Bookwalter, Trot- 
wood, Ohio. 

Weaver, Sister Cora May, nee Geib, died at her home near 
Rehrersburg, Pa., Dec. 30, 1017, aged 41 years, 4 months and 8 
days. She was married to Milton Weaver. To them were born 
seven children. She leaves her husband, rive small children, two 
brothers and two sisters. Services by Brethren I. D. Glbble and 
John Herr at Royer's meetinghouse. Text, Heb. 4: 9. Inter- 
ment in the adjoining cemetery. — J. P. Merkey Rehrersburg, Pa. 

Welgly, Bro. John, died Jan. 4, 1918, near Geiger Station, Som- 
Pa„ aged 82 yenrs, 5 months and 4 days. He was 

, 1800, 

Sister Sarah Miller. To 1 

six children, three of whom preceded him. He 


member of the Church of the Brethren for flfty-t 
He wns married twice, his second wife being Sister Amy Hauger, 
who died in 1913. Services by the writer in the SlpesvIIle chnrch. 
Interment in the cemetery near by. — D. H. Walker, Somerset, Pa. 
Zinn, Bro. Peter S., son of Daniel Zinn, born in Pike Town- 
ship, Clark Co., Ohio, Sept. 25, 1841. died Dec. 19, 1917, aged 76 
years, 2 months and 24 days. March 16, 1805, he was married 
to Elzlna Smith, and to them were born five daughters and four 
sonB. For thirty-seven years he wan a faithful member of the 
Church of the Brethren. Just twenty days previous to his death 
his heart wns saddened by the death of his beloved wife, with 
whom he had lived for almost fifty-three years. Services by 
Eld. David Dredge. Interment in New Carlisle cemetery.— Mrs. 

Viola L. 

;r, R. D. 3, New Carlisle, Ohio. 



The Beatitudes 

N. McCann— .75c 

Lydia E. Taylor— ,10c 

Per dozen $1.00; per hun- 

How wonderful it would havi 
and I could have heard the Sermon on the 
Mount! But that great message was spoken 
too many centuries before our day. About 
the next best thing is to read what one who 
has made the Beatitudes a life study has to 
say of their deeper meaning. Twelve care- 
fully selected illustrations help to enrich the 
author's unique study of the opening verses 
of the Sermon on the Mount. 

Christianity at the Fountain 

Daniel Hays — $1.00 
Not long before his death Elder Daniel Hays 
wrote and had printed a book entitled: Chris- 
tianity at the Fountain. This book stands as 
the last important literary effort of his life. 
All those who have known and loved Bro. 
Hays will be especially interested in owning 
a copy of his last work. 

Christian Attire 

This booklet conl 
delivered at Ann 
Lydia E. Taylo 
dred $6.00. 

Head Dress for Christian Women 

J. H. Moore— .05c 
A reprint of an editorial from the " Mes- 
senger." Per dozen 50c; per hundred $3.00. 

Open Way into the Book of Revelation 

M. M. Esh el man— $1.00 
Back of the writing of this book lie seven 
years of study and teaching. It is the fruit 
of the author's mature thought on the sub- 
ject. The results presented in the Open Way 
into the Book of Revelation have been en- 
thusiastically received by readers interested 
in the problems of the last book of the New 
Testament. If your thought has been stirred 
up along this line you will like to read the 
Open Way into the Book of Revelation. 

Other Half of the Globe 

D. L. Miller— Special Price, .75c 
It is a very pleasant thing to be able to visit 
foreign lands. It is an equally fine thing to 
be able to tell the folks at home something 
about all that you have seen. The Other 
Half of the Globe is the interesting record 
of a 64,000 mile tour of the world. It is a 
book of about 400 pages, and contains about 
130 illustrations, the majority of them being 
photographs taken by the author. 

Life of R. H. Miller 

Otho Winger— $1.00 
One of the notable figures in our church life 
during the latter part of the nineteenth cen- 
tury was Elder R. H. Miller. He was not 
only a powerful preacher but a great debater 
and leader as well. He was the author of 
the Doctrine of the Brethren Defended. The 
story of his eventful life is well told by Elder 
Otho Winger in The Life of R. H. Miller. 

New Testament Doctrines 

J. H. Moore— ,75c 
Elder J. H. Moore, who was for many years 
office editor of the Messenger, has done the 
church a splendid service in the writing of 
New Testament Doctrines. The brevity and 
clearness of this book make it a real classic 
on the principles the -church holds dear. The 
book enjoyed a very wide sale in connection 
with the Messenger. The numerous appreci- 
ations received indicate that it fills a long- 
felt need. A copy should be in every Breth- 
ren home. 

Nineteen Centuries of the Christian 

Daniel Webster Kurtz— .50c 

The main facts of th 
of church history ar 
brevity and clearnc! 
teen Centuries to th; 

de and intricate field 
re presented with a 
lat commend Nine- 
rage reader. At the 
same time the book is so carefully written 
that the General Sunday School Board has 
adopted it for the historical part of the Sec- 
ond Standard Teachers' Course. 

Happy Hours in the Big Outdoors 

N. J. Miller— $1.25 
Here is a new book on the plains and fields 
by a naturalist who knew how to write about 
what he saw. If you cannot get away for a 
tramp through the fields you can just sit in 
your big arm chair and read about what Pro- 
fessor N. J. Miller saw in the big outdoors. 
You will know more and feel better for hav- 
ing read this splendid book. 

The Kesler-EUmore Debate 

Elder B. E. Kesler and Rev. Wm. EUmore— $1.50 
This book is the full stenographic report of 
the debate between Elder B. E. Kesler and 
Rev. William Ellmore that occurred at Jason- 
ville, Indiana, in the autumn of 1915. The 
debate covers the main points of difference 
between the Church of the Brethren and the 
Church of Christ. The book is a large and 
substantially bound volume of over 350 pages. 

On pages 16-21 of 


1918 Catalog will be found a full list of our own publicati 
a Catalog send for it today. It ia free. 

ans. If you need 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1918 


t 24 South State Street, Elgin 

D. I* MILLER, Editor EDWARD FRANTZ, OfQce Editor 

L. A. PLATE, Assistant Editor 
Special Contributors: H. B. Bnunbiuigli. Mmiiingdon, Pa.; J. 

E. Moore, Sebring, Fla.; H. C. Early, I'.-tm I - ■ ini, Va.; A. C. 
WlMnd, Chicane 'III.; D. W. Kurtz, McPherson, Kana.; H, A. 
Draiulr, Elgin, III. 

n be arranged. The meeting': wi 
xpect Bro. Edgar DIehm, of Eoyi 
vai meetings. Sunday, Dec. 30, 

Holif . 

Bro. C. C. Yoho as superintendent. We niso agreed to have ft 
teacher-training class. Our love feast will be May 25. nt 4 P. 
M— Amanda K. Miller, It. D, 3, Spring Grove, Pa., Jan. 15. 

Shade Creek. — Dec. 30 we held our fourth quarterly Sunday- 
school convention at the Berkey house. The afternoon program 
was along lines of Sunday-school work. In the evening the 

Mission Study Class 
eejve.l their diploma 

house for n parsonage. Including rfiiio.l.-lirig, r.-iuilrs, etc, ttie 
entire cost was nearly $2,000, of which nil but about $100 has been 
paid. With pastor's support, general expenses, 

sr and Sister Early 
in April. The chart 
weeks, sometime di 

i ii vacation of several 

ise). — Our church met in members' 
, Bro. Benj, Hottel, in charge. We 
system of raising funds to defray 
Cred George was elected Sunday-school 
lent and Bro. 
leeting. Our Si 
Christmas evening. A treat was given to the little folks. 
. offering was lifted for the Armenian sufferers. Two have 
sn baptized since our last report. Bro. Galen Walker, of Potts- 

Jan. 14. 


n.— Our 

7. with 


ocil V 

: Of 

420 Juniper Street, Quakertown, Pa., 

Id at the Heidelberg meeting- 

presiding. At this time the 

reports, which In- 

clude the Tempei 

Society, etc. Till 

also appointed at this meeting. During 101" there were received 

by baptism, twenty-six ; by letter, twenty-seven. Thirteen letters 

were granted and there were eight deaths. Sunday, Jan. 8, three 

applicants for baptism were received and were baptized on Mon- 

for one year. Our Sunday-school officers were all reelected for 
another term. Elders Albert Holllnger, of Gettysburg, and C. 
R. Oeliig, of Waynesboro, were with us and after taking the 
voice of the church, Bro. W. I. Sheaffer and the writer were or- 
dained to the Office of elder. Our Sunday-school made a special 

offering of $106, Jan, 
Evans, Carlisle, Pa., Jan. 

Syrian Belief. - 

met in council Saturday, Jan. 5, with Eld. 

1 lerator. Bro. H.'F. Bailey, of Louls- 

"■■■' listerlal office. For this t 

■egation rejoices.— Julia E. Peterson, Fountain 

J. Henry Peterson 

City, Tenn., Jan. 1- 

Wawaka church met in council Dec. 22. Bro. E. J. Smith was 
reelected as our elder; Bro. J. V. Stump, clerk. Sister J. V. 
Stump was elected to solicit the members for contributions to- 
wards a ministerial fund for the support of a new minister, as 
Bro. D. G. Brubaker will leave us soon. Before our council Bro 
Brubaker held a meeting in the Paradise congregation, where Ave 
accepted Christ and four were baptized. Following the counej) 
? congregation, where one accepted 

appeal, our Sniidiiy-wbool raised ?.30.0i for tho Armenian 
Syrian sufferers. The Q»k Grove school gave $9.38. Bro. B 
Oarber will give us a Talk on Saturday night, Jan. 28, on i 
dltlona at the Training Camp as he found them. — Llla B. W 
Mount Sidney, Va., Jan. 14. 

-Dec. 16, 1017, marks a now epoch In the 

• H .. H ..t "H"H" H 

f of this church. 
<. J. D. Shaver led the i 
son Miller preached a 
. 28 we met In council t< 
lay plans for the new 

impressive dedkatury 

l at the Postofflce at Elgin, III., as Second-class Matter 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 01) 

nfd'ninon, Jan. 4, 
iir elder was elected 
i-y vYiildim'son and 

Bro. Huey Fyoi 
for six months.— Mrs. Bert Fyock, B. D. 1, Bochester 
Ills, Pa., Jan. 0. 

Philadelphia (First Church).— We held our Christmas exercises 
i Sunday evening, Dec, 23. The war conditions are so thorough- 
linpri'ssed upon the children that they readily gave up their 
rani box of candy and were happy In giving. ' ' 



H. Weigl. Ochiltree, Tex., Jan. 

l Dec. 22, with Eld. P. J. Wenger 


tendent. A committee 

hold^a meeting In August. Bro. B. F. Wampler, of Brldgewa 

: during the holidays. He gave eight 

five lessons last August, but 

offering of $12 

ritendent of the Cedar Bun Sunday-school. 

weather nnd bad railroad connections prevented 
of Sunday-! 

ped to fill '" 

i offering of $21 i 

ufferers. — Catherine B. Kline, Broadway, Va,, Jan. 10. 

e*k. — Wednesday, Dec. 26, nt 10 A, M., the ministers 

congregation met in their regular semiannual 

interesting „ 
and instructive. We were glad to have with us several members 
of the Old Order Brethren, among them Eld. Joseph Brubaker, 
who gave us some good thoughts on the topic, "How Far Can 

l report of his ; 

i assigned his i 


■ the vear 
ivork.— J. 

Showalter, Sec., 

In the Master's 
■nnoke, Va., Jan. 11. 
Pleasant Hill church met in council Jan. 12, at 11 A. M., \ 
i. A. N. Hylton in charge. One letter of membership 
■elved. The membership was not very well represented, on 


Some business 

council. — Pernie L. Dickerson, Willis, Va., 
-Sunday evening, Dec. 29, the first " White Gift " serv- 
1 nt this place. The program in the main was musical, 
e had an efficient committee 

and four large baskets of food and clothing. This class had al- 
ready sent $15 to China for the children's Christmas treat. An- 
other Bible class gave $21 and a large amount of food. One class 
gave $10 In food, etc. All the school took part. No offering was 
nsked of the audience. 

the church. Alter remembering our own In need, 
money, food and clothing was turned over to the Boanoke char- 
ities. Sunday evening, Dec. 30, Bro. C. E. Trout conducted the 
services. When the invitation was given, four responded. Three 
have been baptized and one reclaimed. At the morning service, 
Jan. 5, our pastor preached for us on New Year's resolutions and 
j))ans. Bro. D. Price Hylton preached In the evening. The mln- 
istops to take charge of the services for the first six months are; 
the pastor, Bro. P. S. Miller, assisted by Bro. D. Price Hylton, in 

Mission.— Mr> 

Shirkel, 703 Third 

Ices at the Summit bouse on the first, e 
of the month, as usual. Services at the Glade house on the fourth 
and fifth Sundays. Bro. D. L. Evers was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent; Bro. W. A. Craun, superintendent of the Glade 
Sunday-school. Eight letters of membership were given and two 
received. On Sunday, Jan. 13, two letters of membership were 
given. Our next council will be held on Saturday. March 23.— 
Christina Sheets Huffer, B. D. 2, Weyers Cave, Va., Jan. 16. 
Trcvllinn.— We met in council Dee. .5 with Bro. D. M. GHck in 


Forest Center church met In council Jan. D, with our elder, Bro. 
W. H. Tlgjier, presiding. He was elected elder for the ensuing 
year; Bro. J. O. Snider, clerk; Sister Florence Herman, "Messen- 
ger" agent. Plans were also made to resume work on the church 
building as soon as the weather will permit the hauling of more 
material.— T. E. Wllley. R. D, 1, Valley, Wash., Jan. & 

Majestic Valley.— Sunday, Jan. 0, we took up a special collec- 
tion of $40 for the Armenian and Syrian Relief Fund. We are 
not many in number but all are taking hold and tho work Is 
moving r.kuig line. Bro. Lewis A. Gans was with us on that day 
i good eermon. Wo appreciate t" 

much. — Addle Buntain, We 

1. Bro. D. B. Eby was elected i 

G. Murray, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister "Clarice 
secretary i 



for the Home 



thirty miles distant. Four moved away i 
in theJTrainlng Camp. We have preaching twice a month. 
After an interesting 



10 cen 

Family Aln 

y Bro. Wagner, an offering of $20.84 \ 
ufferers. Then we enjoyed dinner together. In the aftcrno. 
! Sunday-* 

C. Castle, Laurel, Wash., Jan. 12. 
leanant Valley.— On the evening of Dec. 24 we met at the church 

our Christmas program, which consisted of special sua,--, 

and essays. A collection of $7.15 was taken for the 

elief. Bro. Henry Sanders preached for us on Chrlst- 

except Saturday. Our 

now published 
as a Yearbook. In making this change it has be- 
come more than ever a record of the work and prog- 
ress of the Church of tfie Brethren. 

You know from experien 
given in the Yearbook will 
price of a copy. But this 
the book should hang at 
every Brethren home. 

The Almanac that has since 
was once given with the Me. 
year, so also this year price con 
to make a nominal charge of only t 

that the information 
e you many times the" 
only one reason why 



ed pla 


ts per copy. 



Each, 25 cents 


be large and clear in order that they may be 
across a room. You can save steps and worry by 
hanging a Scriptural Calendar in your living room. 

The pictures on the walls are a pretty good index 
to the character of a home. You will appreciate 
the quiet beauty and dignity of the Scriptural Cal- 

These calendars are useful in other ways for they 
list the subjects of the International Sunday-school 
Lessons together with the necessary scriptural ref- 

Christ- . . 


night of t 

The ■ 


August. — Bouella (Bolyard) Spur] 
W. Va., Jan, 13. 

i elected in Bro. A. W. Arnold's plai 

Sunday-school. — Mabel Wolford, Augusta, W. Va., ■ 



By Thomas Tiplady. $1.00 
Do you want to- know something of what millions 
of men in the trenches are thinking as they- face 
dea-th from day to day? Would you like to get that 
word from one who has spent many months with 
the men in Flanders as a field chaplain? 

Thomas Tiplady in The Cross at the Front writes 

from the literary standpoint. The chapters are brief 
and compelling. If you get hold of a copy the 
chances are you can not be persuaded to give it up 
V for twice the price. 



By H. H. Moore. 75c 

To succeed older boys and young men must keep *j* 
n condition. Both body and mind must be clean 4 / 
nd strong. Everybody admits this, but the problem V, 
s to know how and why it shquld be done. Keep- ' h 
ng in Condition is a timely book that gets after this 
Toblem in a simple, straightforward way. 

Every youth desires to be strong. He wishes to 
xcel in studies or physical strength. This deep- 
eated tendency is just the basis upon which parents % 
id teachers can help a youth to all the strength 


Keeping in Cond 
young men, say 14 

■n is a book for older boys and < • 
20 years of age. It was writ- 

-- given the subject close study 

;d who has the best interests of all young men at 


And dollars for the Ite; 

Yearbook for 1018 . . 
Scriptural Calendar . . 
The Cross at the From 
Keeping In Condition 

M"K^+'H , *M"H''H«K 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 67 

Elgin, 111., February 2, 1918 

No. 5 

In This Number 

ely n Matter of Gates . 

'Men In in Secret." 

! Comradeship of Rivals (U. 

Mission Work In the South (J. H. M.). 

The Purpose, of Prnver 

The Quiet Hour 

Prnyer for Pence (Pooni) C7 

The Church liy S. '/.. Sharp 07 

The Absolut.- Simulant. By O. C. Davis 07 

By J. I). Hougtiteiln 07 

J. Swlgart 08 

Go-t-i'ii Mi'iimrliil. By 

Jiistri.'l Siiiul.-iy —liool Conii'st. By J. F,. Miller. 

The, Total Mun. By Kll/n Pope Vim Dyne 

Lost on the Mountain. By John R. Snyder 

A Plea for Simple Living. By John B. Oelllg, 

The Bren ll. of tin- Spirit Itv Daisy M. Moore, .. 
The Roll Call of 1ft17. By Edgar M. 

. Grayblll 71 

Home and Family, — 

Noil resistance. By Wlnnffred M. Dyer 74 

Marietta's Unfinished Work.— Part One. By Ida M. Helm, 74 
Social Demands of the Rural Community. By Mrs. Lester 
Hoffn 74 


Merely a Matter of Gates 

What a forceful figure! You stand at the thresh- 
old of a career that stretches off into the measureless 
distances of eternity. Two gateways open through 
the big, high fence in front of you. One is broad and 
spacious. The crowds are thronging through it. All 
you need to do to pass this way is just to " enter in 
thereby." The other you do not see unless you hunt 
for it, for this one you must " find." The first is in 
the line of least resistance, no resistance; this is why 
so many take it. The second requires effort, serious 
purpose; this is why " few are they that find it." 

It is a picture of two ways of living and two des- 
tinies. One is the planless, purposeless way, the way 
of drifting and neglect, the way of passive yielding to 
the passions and powers that surge through you and 
about you, and the end thereof is death. The other 
is the way that leads to life, real life, in this world 
and in worlds to come. But to walk in this way you 
must .take yourself in hand. You can not give loose 
rein to fleshly forces within or to the world's call 
without. The narrow way is the way of self-initia- 
tive and self-discipline. 

But this does not mean that the narrow way is the 
harder one to live. The truth Jesus is enforcing here 
is in perfect accord with that other most precious 
saying: " My yoke is easy and my burden is light." 
To go in at the broad gate of unrestrained self-indulg- 
ence is to live the life that is hardest to endure. To 
take the narrow path of self-subjection to the stand- 
ards set by Girist is to find, not only the way of life, 
but the way of soul-freedom and true joy. Will you 
" enter in " by the broad gateway of death, or will 
you " find " the gate that opens into life? 

" Which Is in Secret " 

Let us hide away our charity; — yes, hide it even 
from ourselves. Give so often and so much, as a mat- 
ter of course, that you no more take note that you 
have helped the poor than that you have eaten your 
regular meals. Do your alms without even whisper- 
ing to yourself : " How generous I am! " Do not thus 
attempt to reward yourself. Leave the matter with 
God, who never fails to see, to record, and to reward. 
Blessed is the man who is busy in secret with his kind- 
nesses: he finds a special joy in his unknown benevo- 
lences. This is the bread, which eaten by stealth, is 

sweeter than the banquets of kings. How can I indulge 
myself today with this delightful luxury? Let me 
have a real feast of tenderness and flow of soul. — 
Spurgeov. ^ __ 

The Comradeship of Rivals 

Of all the delicate social articulations there is none 
so often charged with hate or open war as the rela- 
. tions between men who are rivals. When one man is 
going ahead and another is being distanced or sup- 
planted, it is hard to keep patient. Indeed, the whole 
field of .intercourse between rivals is so often dark- 
ened by plots and counterplots that men do not often 
think of the comradeship of rivals. 

Saul and David stand as an illustration of what 
many think is the deplorable but natural relation be- 
tween competitors. It might even seem a little more 
true to life if David had been as wicked as Saul. But 
kings are not alone in this failing. One does not 
have to look very far to find business men, teachers, 
lovers, and sometimes even preachers, envious of each 
other. It seems a little difficult for the best of men to 
be friends when some turn in fortune makes them 

But the comradeship of rivals is perhaps more fre- 
quent than most people suppose. One has only to turn 
from the hate of Saul for David to see, in the same 
family, one of the most beautiful examples of the com- 
radeship of rivals. Jonathan was a man of courage as 
his exploit against the Philistine garrison proves. But 
he was an open-minded man and able to appreciate 
like qualities in another. There was something in the 
quiet dignity of David's report of his adventure with 
Goliath that won the whole-hearted love of Jonathan. 
The heir of Saul loved the new hero and his own rival 
as his own soul. 

In much later times there is an equally beautiful 

example of the mutual regard and friendship of rivals. 
It is true that John's work was simply introductory to 
the ministry of Christ; and yet, the prophet from the 
wilderness had been so successful that he might easily 
have considered himself as important as the Christ. 
But the glory of John the Baptist lies in the fact that 
he knew his place. Of the Messiah, he gave testimony 
when it cost him the most promising of his own fol- 

John seems everywhere to have felt the most cor- 
dial reverence for the new leader who was fast sup- 
planting him. " He must increase, but I must de- 
crease." sums up the humble but true philosophy of 
John. Of such a spirit Christ could later say: 
" Among them that are bom of women there hath not 
risen a greater than John the Baptist." 

David and Jonathan, as also Christ and John the 
Baptist, are examples of what may come about 
through the proper appreciation of the qualities and 
abilities of another. Rivals may be friends if they 
will but properly evaluate each other. There are a 
number of relations in the home, the community, the 
church, and even amongst nations, where we need to 
apply the simple principles that will make rivals fast 
friends. ___^_ —■ -• h. a. b. 

How Great Possibilities Are Lost 

The career of Absalom is a powerful illustration of 
great possibilities gone wrong. With such splendid 
mental and physical endowment, what a future lay be- 
fore the king's son! David's rightful successor, pos- 
sibly, — a great King of Israel and honored in the na- 
tion's history. Or, at the very least, something useful 
and wormy of remembrance. But he threw it all away 
and wasted his life utterly. Foolish vanity and selfish 
ambition ruined him. And how often the like thing 
happens in our time ! 

The Marks of the Hospitable Mind 

A notable man was returning from a pilgrimage to 
a foreign land. It seems that by the merest accident 
he had learned of the religion he had come to admire 
and study. The well-known account of the journey 
of this high official says: "A man of Ethiopia, a 
eunuch of great authority under Candace, queen of 
the Ethiopians, who was over all her treasure, . . . 
had come to Jerusalem to worship." 

This eunuch may be taken as an example of a 
man possessing a truly hospitable mind. He was not 
a Jew, but as secretary of the treasury he had doubt- 
less come in contact with Jewish merchants. At least 
' this is one way in which the eunuch may have learned 
of the true God and the holy city, Jerusalem. This 
Ethiopian official belonged to that open-minded class 
of Gentiles of which Cornelius and the centurion are 
other examples. 

If the reader will pause to consider all of the cir- 
cumstances connected with the life of this great Ethi- 
opian eunuch, he can not help but marvel at the teach- 
ableness of the man. He had put aside all the preju- 
dices of race, training and social position. With the 
humility and the eagerness of the truly hospitable 
mind he had made the long and tedious journey to 
Jerusalem to worship. In a foreign city and among 
strange faces this great man had found some new vis- 
ion of truth. 

The eunuch was reading the Jewish Scriptures 
when Philip appeared on the scene. When Philip 
called out, and said: "Understandest thou what thou 
readest? " the Ethiopian looked up and replied: "How 
can I except some man should guide me? " In noth- 

ing does the eunuch show to better advantage the 
qualities of the hospitable mind than in his willingness 
to hear a stranger's explanation of a difficult passage 
of Scripture. 

But the high official was not only anxious to know 
the truth. With him, knowledge led to immediate 
and appropriate action. For as Philip explained the 
passage from Isaiah, the eunuch exclaimed : " Be- 
hold, here is water; what doth hinder me to be bap- 
tized?" Philip's listener was not like so many, who, 
although they may hear the truth, are unconcerned or 
actively reject it. In the experience of the eunuch 
one finds a demonstration of the dependableness of 
the test Christ proposed to the credulous Jews: "If 
any man willeth to do his will [God's], he shall know 
of the teaching, whether it is of God or whether I 
speak from myself." God in heaven appreciates and 
blesses men with hospitable minds. Such men the 
Holy Spirit can guide into all truth. Or again, as 
Peter observes : " Of a truth I perceive that God is no 
respecter of persons: but in every nation he that fear- 
eth him and worketh righteousness is acceptable to 

The eunuch stands as a type that men everywhere 
should try to approximate. He was teachable ; he was 
hospitable to the truth. His clear mind brushed aside 
all the prejudices that hinder ordinary men. The 
mind of the Ethiopian passed easily from the truth 
known to the truth put in action. 

But the hospitable mind does not receive every- 
thing. One of the surest tests of the hospitable mind 
is its power to sift and to reject. For the most of us 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1018 

it is hard to do this because there is so much in our 
lives to make us warped and small. Race, training, 
and social position, as well as many other things, tend 
to limit our minds. Sometimes a person can live in 
one community all his life, and still approximate the 
truly hospitable mind. Sometimes a man can travel 
around the world and come back none the wiser, for 
he remains local in feeling and in type of mind. No 
one needs to be warped in his outlook upon life; and 
yet, it is harder than many people think to attain to 
the truly hospitable type of mind. 

The degrees in hospitableness may be indicated by 
classifying the inhospitable types of mind. There is 
the man who is local in all his thought and action. 
Some people do not get beyond their own community 
in thought and attitude of mind, no matter how much 
they travel, or how old they grow. Such people have 
what might be called the local type of mind. After 
this comes the national type of mind, with the limits 
well de6ned by the phrase: "My country, right or 
wrong." Wars will not cease until a good many peo- 
ple get beyond this to the international type of mind. 
Such minds are alive to the hopes and interests of 
their generation. Last of all, there comes the uni- 
versal type of mind, and men possessed of it transcend 
their own country and generation; they enter into 
the hopes and longings of all the ages. Such men are 
not soon forgotten, for the world is not forgetting 
such men as either Plato or St. Paul. 

Now the Ethiopian eunuch illustrates the qualities 
of the universal mind. He is able to escape so fully 
from the limitations of nationality, of education, and 
of social position that he could go forth on a pilgrim- 
age in search of the truth. With a truly reverent and 
hospitable mind, he went up to Jerusalem to worship. 
As soon as men can come to approximate the spirit 
of the eunuch from far-off Ethiopia, they will think 
less and less of dogma and more and more of the first 
great commandment and of the second great com- 
mandment which is like unto the first. Meanwhile 
it will not hurt most of us to pray, not only that our 
eyes may be opened to the wonders of God's law, but 
that we may also have the courage to accept and do 
what we see to be right. It is only thus that we can 
manifest the qualities of the hospitable mind. 

Mission Work in the South 

For some time we have had in mind an article or 
two on mission work in the Southland, believing that 
we have been in the South long enough (nine years) 
and have had sufficient experience among the southern 
people, to be able to write somewhat understandingly 
on the subject. At least we do not write without hav- 
ing given the matter long and careful consideration. 

There is one thing of which we are quite sure, and 
that is, no man can master the situation by spending 
simply a few months in a few towns, cities or com- 
munities in the South, and especially is this true of 
the Gulf States. He must live here winter and sum- 
mer and in some manner identify himself with the 
people and their interests. He must meet with them in 
their homes, in their fields, in their places of business, 
go in and out among them, and have dealings with 
them. All of this we have experienced over and over, 
year in and year out, until we have a feeling that we 
have some acquaintance with the people of the South 
and the spirit that influences them in their labors and 

Respecting the South, religiously or temporally, it 
is not safe to rely on an opinion resulting from first 
experiences, be the time six weeks or six months. 
Most people who form well-defined opinions after 
spending their first winter, are certain to revise their 
views on making a second visit. Not a few require a 
third season before reaching settled convictions. 
Knowing all this, we have been a little slow about say- 
ing what will be found in this article and the one to 

Incidentally permit us to say that in the Messenger 
for Sept. 8, 1917, there appeared an article by Bro. 
Wm. E. White, of Carson, Ala., under the heading 
" A Southern Hindrance," that came marvelously near 
sizing up the situation in the rural sections of the 
South. The Southern people have great respect for 

the minister who, in his life and dealings, lives the 
life that he preaches, and at the same time conducts 
himself as becometh a preacher of the Gospel. They 
may not accept his doctrine, but if he shows himself 
worthy of their confidence, he will have their respect. 

As regards methods of carrying on mission work 
in the South, and building up churches, something de- 
pends on the part of the country in which work is un- 
dertaken. For our people the smaller towns and rural 
sections offer the best inducements. For successful 
labors in either of these fields, a resident ministry is 
a necessity. In a rural section he ought to be so lo- 
cated that he will be recognized as a part and parcel 
of the community. He may, in part, or wholly, sup- 
port himself on a farm, or by means of a grove, or 
even in the truck business. He ought, at least, to have 
something to do, and not be ashamed to do it, or be 
indifferent about it. So far as practicable, he should 
be a man who knows no discouragements, and his wife 
ought to be of the same type. Instead of leaning on 
the community, and depending on the community for 
inspiration, they should be the life, inspiration and 
good cheer of the community. Instead of the com- 
munity leading them, they should be the real leaders 
in the part of the country where they live. 

The southern rural field is no place for weaklings 
in the ministry upon the part of the man or his wife. 
Nor is it the place for the lazy or indifferent man. 
Instead of his home and surroundings showing neg- 
lect, his premises, so far as practicable, should be an 
example to others. In fact he should study not only 
to show himself approved unto God, but he should be 
looked up to as a leader among his neighbors. He 
and his wife need not lose sleep over providing social 
entertainments, in order to hold the people. With a 
few general gatherings, like the Fourth or Thanks- 
giving, etc., they can feel at liberty to give their best 
attention to the public services at their place or places 
of worship. Then, while not posing as a land agent, 
he can give some attention to locating around him 
members desiring homes in a milder climate. Yet it 
would be better if matters of this sort were left to 
one of the brethren not in the ministry, or to one of 
the neighbors. 

While we would not recommend efforts at coloni- 
zation in the South, as it is carried on in the Western 
States, still it is of prime importance that the minister 
have located with him, in the community, a few ex- 
emplary families of members. We say exemplary, for 
failure must attend the efforts of any minister who 
attempts to build up a church in the South when he 
has one or two families of members who, in. their 
manner of life, do not command the respect of the 
community. It would be far better if members of 
this type could be induced to remain in the large con- 
gregations where their influence can, by the faithful- 
ness of others, be overcome. For the southern fields, 
as aids in establishing churches, we should insist on 
only the faithful. 

This leads up to the suggestion that it would be wise 
to attempt to establish congregations only where a few 
members have already located, or are going to locate. 
They should be members who propose to make the 
community their home, and are desirous of cooperat- 
ing with the minister in his work. There are now 
some openings of this sort in Florida, and there may 
be more in other States. For work of this sort, the 
General Mission Board can well afford to render some 
assistance to the right kind of a minister, but we 
would warn the Board against becoming, unawares, 
the tool of some land scheme. So far the Board has 
kept clear of any entanglements of this sort, but on en- 
tering the Southern field more than ordinary care 
should be exercised. We do not mean to say that we 
would discourage honest land or real estate enterprises, 
but there are some of these enterprises, that are not 
conducted along honorable lines, and it so happens that 
we have some of the unfair schemes in the South. It 
will be found wise never to mix up land schemes with 
mission work, at any rate. 

But, having started, we see that there is more to 
this subject than would be advisable to crowd into one 
article, so we will have something more to say next 
week. j. h. m. 

The Purpose of Prayer 

The purpose of prayer is to get God's will done. 
His will, that is his plan for things, is the wisest and 
tenderest and most practicable, under every sort of 
circumstances imaginable. 

It isn't simply concerned with heaven and our get- 
ting there. It takes in the earth and our daily life 
here. It includes our health and strength, our friend- 
ships, especially the one great life-friendship, which 
makes the whole life rounded and true and sweet. 

It thinks about our homes and children and loved 
ones, our plans and enjoyments and purposes. Does a 
thoughtful mother plan into every detail of her child's 
need and life and future? And a thoughtful father 
plan with her? Even so is God's will, but upon a 
broader, wiser, tenderer scale. He doesn't lump us all 
up together. He thinks of each one by name. 

There is nothing that any one has ever prayed for, — 
I mean, of course, no right thing, no good thing, — 
that he has not already thought of and planned to give. 

But he can not give into a closed hand. He must 
wait until the human hand opens and reaches up. The 
bother is that no one has ever asked for as much as 
God is planning to give. No hand has ever yet reached 
up to take as much as the Pierced Hand is reaching 
down to give. 

But then it must be remembered that I am talking 
about real simple prayer. Prayer isn't saying religious 
words, with your eyes shut, and a terminal Amen at- 
tached. Prayer is a life. 

It begins as an act. It grows into a habit, a rhythm 
of acts. It becomes a mental attitude, a looking at 
things through God's eyes. It grows into a life, that 
is, a bundle of habits. It takes on the quality and char- 
acteristics of the man making it. Then the man be- 
comes the prayer. It is bound in the shoe leather of 
his daily underlying, dominant purpose. 

But prayer is expensive. This explains why so 
many people don't pray. It costs too much. They're 
not willing to pay the price. It's easier just to " say 
prayers " at certain intervals, to ease your conscience 
or your early training, and then go on your own way, 
leaving God out. 

What is the price? It is simply this: putting out 
of your life anything and everything that puts Jesus 
out. It is putting out and keeping out anything that 
dims the fresh, warm sense of his presence and love. 
And it is putting in and keeping in whatever he wants 

A good many reading these lines will think that 
this is just good religious talk ; that, of course, it isn't 
so. That's because they don't know. They won't 
pay the admission into the real prayer corner where 
prayer makes things happen. 

For prayer fails, sometimes, — many times. Many 
prayers, so called, change nothing. They can't. There 
is no connection through. The man saying the pray- 
er has gotten out of touch, or he's never been in touch. 

If there's something in my life that breaks off con- 
nection with God, of course the prayer can't get 
through. Sin cuts the wire. Selfishness grounds the 
wire. A bitter, unforgiving spirit towards some one 
burns up and burns out the connection. 

And sometimes there's a delay. The hand that is 
reaching up hasn't gotten quite in touch with the Hand 
that is reaching down. There are opposing influences 
to be overcome. Sometimes there's a failure to un- 
derstand God's great loving purpose. We plead for 
coppers ; he is wanting to give dollars. Hannah want- 
ed a son to cuddle to her lonely bosom. God kept 
her waiting until she could train a man-child that 
would become the nation's leader. 

Paul asked to have a needle-pointed thorn taken 
out. God tenderly answered the man, but said a 
plain " no " to the prayer, that so he might hold Paul 
to his own plans for a world. But he gave Paul a 
consciousness of his own presence that clean over- 
lapped the eating thorn-prick, and made Paul glad to 
have his plans broken. 

Even Jesus changed his prayer under the gnarly old 
trees in Gethsemane. That prayer was hammered in- 
to shape on the anvil of his knees. The " if it be pos- 
sible " changed to " Thy will be done." — S. D. Gordon, 
in The New Century Teacher. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 


Prayer for Peace 

God of Love, O King of Peace, 
Make wars throughout the world to c 
The wrath of- sinful man restrain.: 
Give peace, O God, give peace again! 

Whom shall we trust but thee, O Lord? 
Where rest but on thy faithful Word? 




peace, O God, give peace again! 
:re saints and angels dwell above, 
hearts are knit in holy tove; 
iind us in that heavenly chain! 

peace, O God, give peace again! 
/ritten during the Civil War, by H. W. Baker. 

The Church 


What Is It? — When we speak of " the church," 
we do not use the term in the same sense as do the 
Roman Catholics, who claim that their organization 
constitutes the only true church because they can show 
a continuous succession from the days of the apostles. 
We do not mean the Lutheran and Reformed church- 
es, that rejected the Roman Catholic church because 
of the corruption and abuses they claimed to have found 
in the former, yet retain some of its evils. We do not 
have reference to any other purely human religious 
organization. We mean the ecclcsia,— that body of 
saints " called out from every people and nation " 
(Rev. 5 : 9), that body of believers who " by one Spir- 
it were baptized into one body" (1 Cor. 12: 13), of 
which Christ Jesus is the Head. We mean the church, 
which is not of this world, though living in this world 
as "pilgrims and strangers," as Christ said: "Ye are 
not of this world, but I have chosen you out of the 
world" (John 15: 19). 

We speak of " the church of the Lord which he 
purchased with his own blood" (Acts 20: 28). We 
speak of an organization that is the best society on 
earth. All other societies have some things that are 
good, but they are not to be compared with the church 
of Jesus Christ. All other societies are man-made, but 
the church of Christ is of divine origin. All other so- 
cieties enroll their members only in this world and 
end with this life, but the members of the church of 
Christ are also "enrolled in heaven" (Heb. 12: 23), 
and gathered again, beyond the grave, from " every 
kindred, tongue and nation" (Rev. 7; 9). We mean 
that " glorious church having neither spot or wrinkle" 
(Eph. 5: 27). 

Its Origin and Growth. — This church is like the 
" stone cut out without hands," seen by Nebuchadnez- 
zar in a dream, and which grew until it " filled the 
whole earth." It also began in a small way with two 
members, — Andrew and John, — on the banks of the 
Jordan where John the Baptist was baptizing. He had 
baptized Jesus who was then driven by the Spirit in- 
to the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil. On Je- 
sus' return he was pointed out by John to two of his 
disciples, saying : " Behold the Lamb of God which 
taketh away the sins of the world." " The two dis- 
ciples heard him speak and they followed Jesus." 
They were already baptized by John the Baptist and 
were ready to be incorporated into the church and 
form the small nucleus which was to grow " until it 
filled the whole earth." 

Next day three more were added to this number. 
Then the twelve were selected, who were to be the 
main pillars of this church. Later there were one 
hundred and twenty. Then three thousand were add- 
ed, and soon after five thousand. After that the 
church grew and multiplied, and members were added 
from every nation, kindred and tribe under the whole 
heavens. The church shall continue to grow until the 
dream of Nebuchadnezzar shall be verified. 

Its Organization. — The church is a splendidly-or- 
ganized body like the human body. It is prepared to 
take care of all its functions, and to control and direct 
all its activities. Notice a description of it in 1 Cor. 
12, and see how well it is organized in every minute de- 
tail. It is also equipped for aggressive work. The 

United States Government, in organizing all its vari- 
ous forces, bringing them in line and under one gen- 
eral head for victory in this great world struggle, is no 
more complete than is the organization of Jesus Christ 
in marshalling and coordinating all its forces for suc- 
cessful work. "And he gave some to be apostles ; and 
some, prophets ; and some, evangelists ; and some, pas- 
tors and teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, un- 
to the work of ministering, unto the building up of the 
body of Christ, till we all attain unto the unity of the 
faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God " (Eph. 
4: 11-13). We admit that there are some "slackers" 
in the individual units of the church who will not do 
their duty fully, as we find in most all organizations, 
but that is no discredit to the Author of this excellent 
organization, nor to the body as a whole, nor to the 
members who perform their duty faithfully. 

We are describing the ideal church of Jesus Christ, 
but for the purpose of encouraging and strengthening 
our young members, our ministers should point out to 
them that of all the Christian denominations the 
Church of the Brethren comes the nearest to the ideal 
church. Our evangelists, in conducting revival meet- 
ings, will do well to emphasize the fact to those who 
are seeking a church home, that in no other organ- 
ization can they observe all the commands of Christ 
as they can in the Church of the Brethren. Show its su- 
periority over the lodges and other organizations, 
which keep some persons from joining the church. It 
should be emphasized that none of those human or- 
ganizations, however much good they may profess to 
do, can meet the spiritual needs of their members. 
Members of these orders must bid farewell to them at 
the sickbed and step alone into the unknown world, 
with no assurance that any society can give outside of 
the church of Jesus Christ, " for neither is there any 
other name under heaven that is given among men, 
wherein we must be saved " (Acts 4: 20). 

Its Activities.-^-The church of Jesus Christ is or- 
ganized and equipped on the broadest and most com- 
prehensive basis for work. Its aim is the highest, — 
the conquest and subduing of every evil in this world. 
" P'or he must reign till he hath put all his enemies un- 
der his feet. The last enemy that shall be abolished 
is death" (1 Cor. 15: 26). 

The relation and treatment of the individual mem- 
bers by the church is the most just and equitable. The 
instruction given in Matt. 18: 15-17, can not be ex- 
celled. The instruction for the treatment of one mem- 
ber by another is the best: "Let each esteem other 
better than himself," and the rule for treating others, 
as well as members. "Do unto others as you would 
have them do unto you," is the " golden rule," and has 
no equal. 

We have not space to describe all the excellencies 
of the church of Christ, but call attention to the fact 
that it was that church which first sent missionaries 
into foreign fields to carry the Gospel of salvation to 
every nation and people on earth, and to support the 
missionaries while at work. It is the organization that 
inspired humanity with the spirit of charity, that es- 
tablished so many charitable institutions for the help- 
less and needy, that started the Missionary Socie- 
ties, Temperance Societies, Child Rescue Work, the 
Red Cross Society, the Y. M. C. A., the Y. W. C. 
A., and every other society for the relief of the needy 
and the uplift of humanity. Why should not "the 
church " be made the subject for a sermon by every 
minister, to encourage and strengthen every young 
member and to enlist those, who are not members, to 
join the best society in the world? 

Fruita, Colo. , m , 

The Absolute Standard 


Jesus Christ was a realist. He was preeminently 
practical. He was neither visionary nor a dreamer, 
but the realization of humanity's sublimest dream. 
His Gospel has to do with the transformation of man 
in the present life. As a standard of action it offers 
the only all-sufficient solution of civic, economic, in- 
dustrial and governmental problems. 

Pessimism fosters discouragement. We are not 
pessimistic, but our observation is that the powers of 
evil are attacking every holy institution. Wickedness 

entrenched in high places, error in the mouths of 
teachers, and faithlessness in the hearts of leaders, are 
all indicative of the beginning of the end. 

The opposite of the Divine ideal prevails because 
humanity, nationally and generally speaking, has not 
accepted redemption from selfishness. Our economic 
and industrial systems are based on motives contrary 
to those revealed in the Christ. Divine Love, the 
well-spring of all righteousness, is not the source of 
our industrial stream. 

The voice of God is calling today for the recogni- 
tion of Jesus Christ in the temporal life of humanity. 
Industrial strife, poverty and misery, class hatred and 
war have their remedy in him. Regeneration within 
destroys selfishness, and the principles of the Gospel 
become the motive for action. 

The hour has struck; the battle is on; the powers 
of the air have already incited men to greed and graft, 
industrial strife, race prejudice and international war. 
The hosts of heaven are pleading for a return to the 
way of perfect love, mutual helpfulness, moral integ- 
rity, universal peace and eternal progress. As a 
church, we ought to be loud and active in our claims 
of allegiance to our Captain. When every toiler toils 
for him, every business man does business for him, 
every teacher teaches for him, — Calvary shall soon 
conquer the earth, all nations shall come to sing the 
angel's song of peace and good will, every knee shall 
bow, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is 
Lord. Then the Prince of Peace shall come, clothed 
with majesty and power, and many shall wonder why 
they failed to accept him as King of kings and Lord 
of lords. 

Decatur, III. ^^ 

Psychology of Prayer 


Webster's first definition of prayer is, " To ask 
with earnestness or zeal; to entreat; to supplicate." 
Notice the emphatic climax, — ask, entreat, SUP- 
PLICATE. As an illustration he quotes: " Pray for 
them which despitefully use you and persecute you " 
(Matt. 5: 44). He defines psychology as, " The doc- 
trine of man's spiritual nature." 

-This subject has two phases, — the human and the 
spiritual. When all is well and man has all he wishes, 
he may sneer at the idea of the power of prayer. It 
is different when disaster comes. It is human nature 
on the part of all men to pray in time of great danger. 
In a tempest at sea, like the mariners with Jonah, who 
" cried every man unto his God," all men, in some 
manner, pray. Even infidels have admitted that in 
time of great danger their religious views have 

David exclaimed: "When I consider thy heavens, 
the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which 
thou hast ordained ; what is man, that thou art mind- 
ful of him " (Psa. 8: 3,4) ? How the Creator of the 
universe, in his Almighty Infinity, can be influenced 
by the prayers of erring, finite man, is more than hu- 
manity alone can comprehend. 

To get the psychological or spiritual side of prayer, 
it is necessary to go, in strong faith to the Word of 
God. There we find this momentous subject present- 
ed in all its numerous and various phases. The 
amount and variety of testimony on this subject are 

Not all prayers are answered. " Now we know 
that God heareth not sinners" (John 9: 31). "He 
that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the 
wind and tossed. For let not that man think that he 
shall receive any thing of the Lord " (James 1 : 6, 7). 
Again: "Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask 
amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts" (James 
4: 3). A child of God may ask for something that 
is not proper for him to have. Our Loving Father, in 
his wisdom, withholds such things. 

The most earnest prayer recorded in the Bible, "Let 
this cup pass from me," — was not answered. It was 
preceded by the words, "O my Father, if it be pos- 
sible," It was followed by another prayer of submis- 
sion : " Nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt." 
This latter prayer was answered. This prayer is a 
model for every Christian, under all circumstances. 
We are encouraged, in humble boldness, to go to God 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 

in prayer for anything we desire, if we can, in the 
spirit of our Savior, say: " Nevertheless not as I will, 
but as thou wilt." 

Sometimes the answer to prayer is delayed. By de- 
laying the answer to the earnest prayer of Mary and 
Martha, Jesus answered their prayer so as to give to 
these sisters and their brother, a greater blessing, and 
also a greater blessing to the world, as well. Jesus 
said: "And shall not God avenge his own elect, which 
cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with 
them? I tell you that he will avenge them speedily " 
(Luke 18: 7, 8). Though we do not get our prayers 
answered at once, we should continue, as in the above 
case, to " cry day and night unto him," but always 
in the name of Jesus, i. e., as Jesus directs. 

Sometimes the answer exceeds the prayer. Solo- 
mon prayed for wisdom. The answer was not only 
unprecedented wisdom but riches, honor and long life 
as well. Peter was imprisoned, " but prayer was made 
without ceasing of the church unto God for him" 
(Acts 12: 5). The answer was so much more than 
expected that it astonished them. 

Sometimes the answer differs from the prayer. The 
Children of Israel desired the flesh pots of Egypt. 
They received quails in abundance instead. Moses 
prayed to enter into the land of promise. The answer 
permitted him to see it. Paul prayed to have the thorn 
in his flesh removed. The answer was grace to en- 
dure it. 

The most important feature of prayer is the spirit- 
ual. Why the Infinite Almighty Creator of the uni- 
verse deigned to put on record that, "the eyes of the 
Lord are over the righteous and his ears are open 
unto their prayers " (1 Peter 3: 12), and that his Son, 
in his farewell address, should promise: "If ye shall 
ask anything in my name, I will do it " (John 14: 14), 
is more than the natural, unregenerated man can un- 

The Spirit-filled child of God, by faith, grasps it 
and gains the blessing. It is a sublime sight to see an 
earnest, confiding child of God on his knees, asking 
his Father in heaven for what he wants, — " In the 
name of thy beloved Son, our loving Savior," — know- 
ing that if it is proper for him to have it, he will re- 
ceive it. " No good thing will he withhold from them 
that walk uprightly" (Psa. 84: 11). 

When Daniel prayed three times a day, knowing 
that his enemies were plotting to take his life, he came 
out victorious, because he trusted him who was able 
to save. This marvelous instance shows us the psy- 
chological or spiritual power of individual prayer. 

If the prayer of the church, without ceasing, for 
Peter in prison, caused his chains to fall off, the iron 
doors and gate to open, we can see the importance and 
psychological power of the united prayers of a whole 
church in a worthy matter. 

The family prayers of righteous parents, in families 
with children, are accomplishing more, perhaps, rela- 
tively, in winning souls for Christ, directly and indi- 
rectly, than any one class of prayers. Don't neglect 
the family altar. 

The secret prayer of a consecrated soul, alone with 
God, has some advantages not enjoyed by any other 
class of prayers. There is no critic to note mistakes. 
There is no thought of display, for God knows it all. 
In broken sentences, — perhaps not intelligible to an 
ordinary auditor, — the supplicant pours out his soul's 
inmost desires to God in simple, confiding prayer, un- 
trammeled by his surroundings. It is sublime ! 

Many can not lead in prayer in public. Some can 
not even lead in prayer at the family altar, but any 
one, every one can, in secret, ask God for his wants 
in his own simple language, knowing that God under- 
stands it. If it was necessary for the Son of God to 
continue all night in secret prayer to his Father in 
heaven (see Luke 6: 12), how can a disciple of his 
live spiritually, without going to God often in prayer? 

There are some samples of prayer given us in the 
Bible. Hannah strengthened her secret prayer with a 
vow. Her prayer was answered and she kept her vow 
in full (1 Sam. 1: 11), Solomon made a very elo- 
quent public prayer at the dedication of the temple 
(see 1 Kings 8: 23-53). In great distress the thief on 
the cross made a personal prayer to his Savior, who 

was then suffering the agonies of crucifixion. He had 
the assurance that his prayer would be granted. 
(Luke 23: 43). Paul wrote to the church at Rome: 
" I moke mention of you always in my prayers" (Rom. 
1:9). To the Ephesians and Thessalonians he wrote 
in a similar manner. 

To us the most important prayer in the Bible is the 
one in which Jesus taught us to pray : " Forgive us 
our debts as we forgive our debtors " (Matt. 6: 12). 
Finish the paragraph by reading the next two verses 
also. The duty of forgiveness had never been taught 
before as Jesus taught it. Let us carefully heed the 
warning: "If ye forgive not men their trespasses, 
neither will your Father forgive your trespasses." 

Personally the prayer recorded in John 17 is of 
great importance to each one of us, especially because 
in the twentieth verse there is a personal petition ot 
our Lord for every disciple, everywhere and for all 
time. Carefully and reverently read John 17, and you 
will comprehend more of the psychology of prayer. 

Panora, Iowa. 

The Goshen Memorial 

Pursuant to the action of the Goshen Conference, 
Elders I. W. Taylor and C. D. Bonsack met the 
writer in Washington, Jan. 23. for the purpose of 
carrying to the President and to the heads of the 
War Department the paper passed by the Confer- 
ence. No attempt was made to see the President 
personally, nor did we see Secretary Baker. 
Through their private secretaries we had the fullest 
assurance that the papers will reach the officials 
and have their personal attention. The second 
morning after leaving the paper with Dr. Keppel, in 
the War Office, I received a personal letter from 
Secretary Baker, stating that the paper is in his 
hands and he adds: " We are glad to have this ex- 
pression of confidence on the part of the authorita- 
tive members of this church and to say that its rec- 
ommendations will have the careful consideration 
of my military associates and myself, in the deter- 
mination of a permanent solution of the problem 
presented by the fact that the tenets of such a re- 
ligious body are in opposition to warfare." 

The memorial, as passed by the Conference, was 
presented to each of the officials named, prefaced 
with a brief of its contents. 

In our counseling, as a committee, it was thought 
well to impress some considerations on the minds 
of our people. 

The Central Service Committee certainly desires 
to be of service to the Church. It is hoped, how- 
ever, that it will not be regarded as a sort of clear- 
ing-house or convenient station for every little 
question or obstacle that may arise. 
First: Our Procedure 

First of all, the Home Board is the most hopeful 
avenue through which to work for adjustments. 
Some of you will not think so. You say the Local 
Board is prejudiced already. Efforts should be 
made to remove that prejudice, — if it exists, or to 
prevent, if possible, any prejudice arising. The 
spirit and manner of life of our people should be 
such as to convince the Boards of our sincerity. 
In a Christian and courteous manner the Board 
should be made acquainted with the fact that this 
is a matter of conscience and religion with us, — 
that the Constitution and the law grant religious 
liberty to every subject, — that we grant to every 
man the fullest privilege of religious choice accord- 
ing to his own conscience: and we humbly ask the 
same for ourselves. 

Much depends upon the manner and spirit of ap- 
proach to these men,— as to all men, — that there be 
nothing to excite prejudice or provoke opposition 
to the suit. Help may be invoked from without. 
Influential men, who know our people, the Quakers, 
and the Mennonites, will intercede with the Boards 
when the members thereof do not know our people 
or are disinclined to regard their claims. 

The Local Boards have great discretionary pow- 
er. They are supposed to know the people person- 
ally, and understand their claims. They have pow- 
er even to construe the law, — especially on such 

points as to whether our ministers come under the 
provision of the law, — whether they do " preach the 
Gospel and conduct religious services and admin- 
ister the rites and ceremonies of the religion accord- 
ing to the creed or principles of our church," even 
though they do have some other occupation. 
When one gets beyond the Local Board, it is prac- 
tically settled. Their respect should be cultivated; 
certainly their opposition or prejudice should not 
be provoked. The aid of a good, influential lawyer 
should be obtained, if need be. 

A suggestion here to the preacher, if his claim is 
disregarded: Make out briefly the individual case, 
stating when ordained or appointed to the ministry, 
the ministerial duties performed; distinguishing .be- 
tween " irregular or incidental preaching or teach- 
ing," and the work of one who " regularly preaches 
the doctrines of the church and administers the rites 
and ceremonies thereof, in ,, accordance with the 
creed and principles of our church," and who has 
the care and responsibility of the church and its 
services committed to him either in whole or in 
share. Name also the occupation followed, and 
state that this is in accord with the " creed and prin- 
ciples of our church"; but when ministers are in- 
stalled, they are instructed that they shall permit 
no worldly occupation to interfere with the func- 
tions of their ministry. Stating also, I think, that 
our preachers work diligently and unselfishly for 
the moral and religious uplift of their community as . 
other preachers do. If they are denied the provi- 
sions of the law, the discrimination would be 
against a denomination and community of religious 
people, — which the Provost Marshal General de- 
clared should not be, stating that a Salvation Army 
man, who is a bona fide preacher, stands the same 
as an Episcopal rector or a Catholic priest, in the 
estimate of the law. 

This matter is mentioned here because it is be- 
lieved that our preachers who preach and have the 
responsibility and charge of a church upon them of 
share therein, are entitled to the same consideration 
that preachers in other denominations have; and 
the opinions of the heads of the War Department 
have so classed them. All this may properly be 
brought to the attention of the Boards. 

But the preacher should be sure that he is a 
preacher and is preaching, and that his ministry is 
not a mere incidental matter, — that he is giving 
himself sufficiently to his ministry to entitle him 
clearly to the provisions of the law. We must be 
consistent and reasonable in this. (And, may I add, 
in parenthesis, it is hoped that this circumstance 
of the war may be so blessed as to impel many to 
give themselves more wholly to their ministry, — not 
to escape the draft but because the field needs 

Next to the Local Board is the District Board, 
and all of the above applies here. Additional claims 
on grounds of agricultural and other occupations 
may be made to this Board. The President has 're- 
cently declared that he will not consider an appeal 
if the claim does not have at least one favorable 
vote in the District Board. 

If the suit fails with these boards, and before ap- 
peal or application is made to the War Department, 
or to your committee, for that matter, go to the 
Adjutant General of your own State or to the Su- 
perintendent of State Registration under him. Im- 
portant points have been reached in this way that 
did not need to go to the Federal Government. The 
farther you get away from the home, the more com- 
plications are to be met. With some outside help 
from your congressman, or court judge, or a good 
attorney, it is sometimes possible to accomplish the 
desired results at the State Capitol. Many of these 
high-up men know our people and have respect for 
their traditional and consistent testimony of peace, 
and understand our claims. It is surprising to know 
how many of them can trace their ancestry and 
their own blood back to some good old Dunker, or 
Quaker, or Mennonite family and name, — and seem 
proud enough of the blood. Understand that in all 
this we should not ask for anything that is not 

THE GOSPEL .MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 

rightly and honorably ours, but what is right we 
may ask for persistently. 

The work in the Camps, — such as release from 
military duties, transfers from one camp to another, 
— is best accomplished in the Camps with the aid 
of the District Camp Visitors, — at least iri sensing 
the situation and in getting the proper data. Legal 
counsel and aid may be very efficient in all these 
matters and moves. 

All these suggestions are made for two reasons: 
First, it is believed that it is the most efficient way 
of proceeding; and, second, owing to the great rush 
and pressure, and less or more confusion and cross- 
fire in Washington, just now, it is difficult to get 
satisfactory interviews; and, unless there is a real 
case for the War Department's- consideration, it 
belittles our suit and our cause in the minds of 
those busy men, who are certainly entitled to our 
consideration and prayers. 

If cases must be submitted to the committee, to 
be presented to the War Department, there must 
be specific and complete data; names, places, dates, 
facts. The Department will not hear generalities 
or act on a general complaint. If it is an appeal, it 
should be legally drawn up, in the form of a brief, 
and substantiated with affidavits, if need be. 
Second: The Situation and Our Plea 
There is a great, unusual, extraordinary condi- 
tion upon the earth just now. It is affecting every 
land and country. It is disturbing every home. It 
is affecting every individual on the planet. The 
outcome will doubtless affect unborn millions in the 
generations to come, — if this old world swings on. 
If the bloody cataclysm is not leading up to the 
end of all things earthly and the return of our Lord, 
— as many learned and thoughtful persons have de- 
clared their expectation, — it will doubtless end in 
the most marvelous and unusual change in the sys- 
tems and policies that control human government 
and human society. The world is now in the trav- 
ail-throes and birth-pangs and natal-agonies of the 
advent of New Things. Probably this is the irre- 
pressible conflict between autocracy and democra- 
cy. Or it may be the signs and omens and conflicts 
and woes,— the prophesied precursors of the end of 
the " last time." 

Be it what it may, be it what it will, we know that 
we are in the very grip of national and world-wide 
conflict and ordeal extraordinary. The hot and 
fiery furnace trials of actual war are at least in the 
beginnings. 'Sacrifice and suffering and depriva- 
tions are the order of these days. Every land 
knows this. Every home feels this. Every individ- 
ual participates in this state and condition. It is 
the spirit of the day. Can we bear it without flinch- 
ing? Are we willing to bear our proper and reas- 
onable share in the trial of the times? We must 
hold our peace and lay no claim on the ground of 
incidental loss or resultant inconvenience or the sor- 
row and distress of separation. This is the com- 
mon lot of all. Few people would choose to leave 
their homes. Not many want to go to war. Every 
home knows the cost and every parent feels the pain 
and sorrow. I think it may be a fact that, with our 
religious teaching, our interpretation of the teach- 
ing and spirit of Christ, our conscientious, nonre- 
sistent faith, we may have some extraordinary pain 
and horror of war, and of any direct or indirect par- 
ticipation therein. But most people share with us 
in the natural abhorrence of war. It is natural 
enough to want exemption. But we should keep 
steadily in view the single fact of our religion and 
our conscience, in making any plea for exemption. 
Furthermore, when these special cases are pre- 
sented, there should be certainty that the claim 
comes clearly within the letter and spirit of the law 
and that it is asked on the grounds of conscience 
and religion. When this point is clear, the War De- 
partment and those generals and colonels have re- 
spectful regard therefor. If it have the mark of 
self-seeking, — of escaping hardship and loss and 
finding ease, — the claim of conscience makes it odi- 
ous and contemptible to these officers. Our real 
cause, our religion and conscientious interests, are 

■ reference to hardship, or 
clination to serve or suffer 

weakened by any plea 
suffering, or loss, or di 
that may be made. 

Furthermore, there ought to be consistency and 
fitness in things all the way through. Conscience 
and religion ought to be apparent on more things 
than war. There may be conscientious objectors 
in the Detention Camps who had veryjiearly for- 
gotten themselves that they belonged to church; 
who at least had not been identified with the real 
work and spirit and service of the church for 
months and even years before, — and yet ask exemp- 
tion for conscience' sake and are detained froni mili- 
tant service because they "belong" to a church 
whose tenets forbid its members to participate in 
war. The war or the draft may have discovered 
some " orthodox " Dunkers that we hardly knew 
we had. This is without one iota of reflection on 
the mass of faithful and true young brethren who 
have stood so nobly and consistently through every- 
thing, and who have gained profound respect both 
in the church and in the Camps, — God bless them 
every one. 

Again let me remind you all : Our plea is our re- 
ligion, our claim is for conscience' sake and for 
Christ's sake. W. J. Swigart. 

Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 26. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 


Olendora.— On Sunday morning, Jan. 20. onr elder, Bro. Bashor, 
preached for us. Purine the Christian Workers' hour we were 
pleased to have Bro. Funderburgli, of Ln Verne, our District 
Christian Workers' Secretary, with us. Ho gave us many help- 
ful suggestions, which Inspired us to greater work. The music 
rendered by the La Verne Qunrtet was enjoyed by all present. 
During the preaching hour Bro. Dickey, of La Verne, brought 
the message. Jan. our Sunday-school offering of $58.40 was set 
aside for the suffering Armenians. The attendance at church 
and Sunday -school Is very encouraging.— Sallie E. Miller, Glen- 
dora, Cal., Jan. 22. 

Golden Gate. — Jan. 12 the members of this mission enjoyed 
their first communion service. We were very glad to have with 

with us in a series of meet- 

s Spirit to accept Christ. Two 

Angeles, Cal., Jan. 

The chi 

special meeting and called Bro. Floyd A. Lyon, of Moscow, Idaho, 
to the ministry, and Bro. ,T. W, BUCkbeo, of Moscow and Bro M 
S : f. aylor ' of P° t,atch . ^ the office of deacon. Bro. Lyon was ln- 

Bro. Taylor and wife will, be later. Bro. 

absence of his wife, will also be installed 
"""■ 0n Monday evening our love feast wns held, thirty-seven 
brethren and thirty-one sisters being seated around tlio Lord's 
table. Bro. R. J. Flke officiated, assisted hv Ilro A I Mow and 
the writer. The outlook for the Moscow chun-h is most ..n--,, im- 
aging.— Fred A. Flora, Moscow, Idaho, Jan. 1ft 

Numpo.— Jan. in, Bro. F. Sargent, of Bethany Rihi° «~i».»-i 
Chicago, preached for us twice, nnd nls< 
The congregations were large and the 
Erayhlll will continue the meetings another week - 
her, Nnnipn, Idaho, Jnn, 20. 

Notice.— Receiving ninny Inquiries from churches and members 
regarding my work In the District. I take this means of noti- 
fying all m.-mhers Unit, on account of the serious illness of my 
v. I .' nearly nil winter. I have been compelled to cancel nil ap- 
pointments iM i, I pluii, h,r mediae; with you. Under Divine Prov- 
Mcm-e, wile is 1..I..U n-lon-,1 to henlth and I may yet he able t 
T»|i, Fails. Idaho, Jan. '23. 

nlng till Frldnv. 
Bro. J. H. 

S. S. Neher, District Missionary and Evangelist, 


Moscow.— Our revival, conducted by Bro. B. J. Fike, closed Sun- 
day evening. Jan. 13. with a full house. The Interest was splendid 
throughout the meeting, notwithstanding the very rainy weather 
nnd heavy roads. Bro. Flke gave us seventeen soul-inspiring 
sermons. Nineteen confessed Christ and wero baptized and one 


Cerro Gordo church met in council Jan. ». with Eld. W. T. 

Hcckmnn presiding. Considerable I, us ss was transacted Itro 

W. H. Shull. of Olrard, 111., was with us, Wo have the promise 
of Bro. Leonard Hoot, of Mt. Morris, III., to hold a revival at this 
|,,i "'° '"ii'climc during the coming summer. He Is to be nc- 
i-ompaiiledby an evangelistic singer. Jan. Hi Eld. A. W. Arnold, 
",. il'T.! n," : S lv ".". s . " v " ry '"''J 1 '" 1 «ermon. Jan. 20 Eld. 
pntplt both 

■ his 1 

Goshen Conference. The Sunday-school, "with Its new officers Is 
progressing nicely. Our ieucher- training class Is doing good 
work under the direction of Bro. H. E. Leedy.— Mrs. Emma 
Wheeler, Cerro Gordo, III., Jnn. 21. 

a few of us, of the Ln Plnco Sunday - 


Interested In the "White Gift" 

r first nttempt. The results were gratifying. The 
pported n native missionary on the foreign 

field, nnd at the end of 
tried the "White Clff plan uguln. We "had a spiritual ''pro- 
gram of songs, recitations nnd giving. The primary children 
plac.,1 Mielr glfls In a cradle In front of the plntform. They 
gave eleven pair of stockings, besides mittens, warm caps, un- 
derwear, shoes, a sweater nnd coat. Booklets made from Sun- 
day-school papers Her.- made for hospital children. There wns 
$2..1 given In cash. The older classes gave $7200 and thren 
classes pledged themselves to support native missionaries —two 
In China and one in India. The Champaign kindergarten, 'Beth- 
any Bible School, Pocalnr, riiinn, home work nnd other places 
were rcmemhercd. In giving our gifts, we appreciated. In some 
"!""7" , , l V'!' ls ,' :i " (n " s ' nl "' ,ve w< " rP ren,I y l>ifPP-— Clara 
Stnuffer Wolfe, Ln place Sunday-school, Okaw Congregation, 111,. 

irvlcet, and • 
with tl 


fuel. Dec. 24 ! 

$137.07 wns tnkei 

"White Gift" of 

their lives to Chr 

low and would hi 

sister given up a 

sister is rapidly recovering. Jnn. 13 nnd 1 


an election for deacons. Brethren William Hnlsey nnd Fran- 
n nnd installed the snme day. Bro. Stover 

2611) Thirty-eighth Avenue, Oakland, Cal., Jan. 17. 

I.» Verne.— Our series of meetings with Eld, D. L. M 
pulpit, closed last Sunday evening. The Interest and 
were splendid, both locally nnd on the part of the surrounding 
congregations. We are all " revived " and fifteen came out on 
the Lord's side. Five were baptized on Snndny a week ngo, by 
by Eld. S. J. Miller, nnd six last Sunday by Eld. I. V. Funder- 
burgh. Three have been reclaimed. One preferred to nceept trine 
immersion in the Progressive Brethren church.— Grace Hileman 
Miller, La Verne, Cal., Jan. 17. 

I.lve Oak.— Tan. we took up a genernl collection of $22.50 In 
the Sunday-school, for the Armenian and Syrian sufferers. A very 
Interesting Christmas program wns rendered by the Sunday- 
school, under the leadership of the superintendent, Bro. A. Crites. 
Bro. P. S. Hnrtman nnd family have returned to their home In 
Live Oak after several years' absence. Ero. Harvey Fillmore has 

attendance has 

addressed the Volunteei 
gave us n most Interesting tnlk on "The Home Life of the MIs- 
slonnry." Jan. 20 Bro. NofTslnger gave n report of the Confer- 
ence held at Goshen, Ind. This was Indeed Interesting, He gave 
11a many things to think about.— Pearl West, Mt. Morris, III., Jan. 

Nntlrc. -Bro. G. O. Stutsman, who hns been our pastor for the 
past Ave yenrs, hns decided to lenve us May 1. to take up pnstornl 
work at another place. This will leave us without a pastor, nnd 

ted are Invited to correspond with Bro. Otis 
—Sister D. M. Lnndon, Liberty, III., Jnn. 23. 
t In council Dee, 21). Two were received hy 
dismissed by letter. The Missionary Com- 

ntloue for the 
has been appointed 

; Easi I'iilhth Street, 

d the pleasure of having Brother nnd Sis- 
k. Wash., with us from Frldnv, Jnn, 4, till 
preached for us Jan. R. We were also glad 
Sister J. T. Ott and Sister Ethel Wlnslow, 
sh„ with us. They are looking up a new 
In hopes that they will settle among us. 

of our good Brethn 

ices each Lord's Day, and a good Sunday -school. We had a 
Christmas entertainment after only one month of organization, 
that would hnve done credit to ninny of our. older Sunday-schools. 
Sister Hnttie DeardoriT is superintendent nnd is the right work- 
er In the right place. It has been snld that the people of Wnter- 
ford have no interest in anything religious. This may have been 
true in the past, but if you could see the Interest now taken 
among voung nnd old alike, you would question the truth of the 

urer's report with nuditln 
We decided to continue 01 
on the foreign field. Bro. 

ever, he" labored j 
were repnld for tl 
Eby. of Olympin. 
the Conference at 

of Sister Ida Buckingham 

: elected trustee 

' Mt. Morris, 111., held 
ys. It was not very 
e cold weather: how- 
• house were full. All 
dug there. Eld. D. B. 

1 at Yellow Creek, ns this 1 

In his openlng'nddress' he snld he 
here forty-five years ago. Sister 
s, who went to the Itosenstlel Hos 
urglcnl operation, is getting nlong 
Smith, Is at the snm 
n'fore they went then 
ie New Tear, — hnvln, 
1 on account of snow 
storms. We sent $70.S0 to the Armenian sufferers. The Sister; 
Aid Society gave $10.— Albert Myers, Wnddams Grove, 111., Jon. 21 


other, the nttendan. 

He plead with 1 

night of the year, 

t people. Onr motto, 
ard with tbelr gifts. 

1 the services wer 
to use the talent 
teacher-training 1 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 


Reading the Signboards 


Some one has said : " Education is the ability to read 
the signboards at the cross-roads of life." 

Have we learned to read them, or are we so busy, 
in the grind of toil, so engrossed with materialism, 
and the acquirement of this world's goods, that wc 
plunge onward headlong, regardless of danger signals 
and guideposts to higher attainments? Is it all of life 
to live, — just to exist? Or, led by wisdom's ways, are 
we ever on the lookout for the signboards of life, seek- 
ing for the best interpretation, if we can not read them 

Whether we want to or not, there is a signboard all 
must read, at the greatest cross-road of life. On this 
signboard depends the destiny of all true education, — 
the signboard of the cross, blazing with the words: "I 
am the Way, the Truth and the Life." 

Guided by this, wc may come to a realization in full 
of the highest education possible for human concep- 
tion, for a Divine Teacher, direct from God, penciled 
the sign. It leads away from the signboard " Igno- 
rance is bliss," to the one of " Study to show thyself 
approved unto God." A beacon light to the dark ages, 
its rays still glow and penetrate wherever a human soul 
is seeking guidance. 

Ages ago he knew our need, 
And recognizing the cry of the soul, 
Christ, the Master Teacher, came 
To walk our path, to cheer and lead; 
And alt along life's great highway 
His Guiding Hand lias marked the Way. 
li'axn-esboro, Pa. 

it: Gal. 5: 22; Eph. 5:9; Philpp. 1:11; 4: 17. Now, 
read John 15, especially 12-17. Note the burden of 
Jesus' heart: " Love one another." And we are ready 

vibrates with the movements round about him. 
knows. He has been there and seen. 

for the text, John 13: 35: 
that ye are my disciples, 

' By this shall all i 
if ye have love o 

Lost on the Mountain 

1224 Walnut Street, Riverside, Col. 

Just ; 

District Sunday-school Contest 

The Badge of Discipleship 


Some identification, some credential is an important 
factor in Christian life and warfare. A badge or mark 
of identification ought to be characteristic, otherwise it 
is of no use and may be harmful. 

There is an innate desire for such a demand. " Ex- 
cept ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe " 
(John 4: 48). Signs may be artificial or real, i. e., 
natural, a part of us. 

"Be not deceived." We are, irrespective of any out- 
ward or artificial sign, " epistles read and known of all 
men." Would we wish to hear that reading, or see 
ourselves as others see us ? 

Our Heavenly Father knows it all. A late device 
to photograph the thoughts of our minds will perhaps 
startle us, yet there is One who can read our thoughts. 

The special importance of this badge, first to our- 
selves, is evident to all. " Prove your own selves." 
" Commune with your own heart," are two demands 
upon each one of us. And unless we acquaint our- 
selves with our own weaknesses, as well as our strong 
points, we are not wise. A test of our own discipleship 
is very essential. " Be not deceived." Never rest in 
any outward form for this test. 

Second, let us note its importance to others, that oth- 
ers be not deceived. " If therefore the light that is in 
thee be darkness, how great is that darkness." If our 
real self is dark, although our artificial signs be flatter- 
ing, in time what we are will speak so loud that these 
outward badges can not be seen. Do not deceive oth- 
ers for whom Christ died. 

Now let us see what this badge is not. It is not an 
outward cloak, a fire-escape religion. It is not out- 
ward adorning (1 Peter 3: 3), or putting on of ap- 
parel. It is not a mere profession (Rom. 12: 1-2). 
Neither is it a pretense (James 1 : 26) : " If any man 
among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his 
tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's re- 
ligion is vain." Tis not always what we are that 
marks our discipleship. It is frequently what we are 
net that counts most. 

We have looked from the negative side, now, turn- 
ing to the positive side, let us see what this badge is. 
Matt 5: 16: "Let your light so shine before men, 
that they may see your good works." Matt. 7:16: "Ye 
shall know them by their fruits." Fruits of the Spir- 


The Secretary of the Second District of Virginia 
has been doing some aggressive work among his Sun- 
day-schools. Last August he conducted a survey of 
his District. Thirty-one of the forty-five schools re- 
ported. These schools found 2,483 not going to Sun- 
day-school. This shows that these schools are not 
reaching all within their territory. But the Second 
District of Virginia is not slack beyond other Dis- 
tricts in reaching its people. 

A survey like this is good in showing the real con- 
ditions. But if it goes no farther, but little permanent 
good can result from it. To stop with the survey is 
the same as if a physician should diagnose a disease, 
but fail to administer the proper remedy. Bro. Minor 
C. Miller, the District Secretary, has begun to admin- 
ister the remedy. A large poster has been prepared 
and a contest has been begun, to include all the schools 
of the District. This contest is to cover the period human sympathy 


days ago we met a mother who was un- 
der the shadow of a great sorrow. It was an over- 
whelming sorrow, — one that years will not erase. A 
young son, nine years of age, had gone out to the 
mountains, near the home, to bring in the cows from 
tbe pasture and had never returned. The story was 
told in the Messenger at the time, but there are 
phases of it that can never be told on paper. It is a 
heart experience, — the experience of a broken heart. 
Of course the citizens of that community did all that 
was possible to find the lost lad, but to no avail. 
Searching parties scoured the mountains, searched the 
vales, watched the roadways and dragged the streams, 
in the vicinity. But apparently the little fellow had 
been swallowed up in the mystery of his disappear- 
ance. It was indeed a great sorrow. 

" I lie awake at night, and sometimes I can not 
sleep at all," said the mother. " If we just knew 
where he was, it would be different, but not to know 
what became of him is terrible. Sometimes I "think I 
see him, but he never comes." In such cases as this 
of little avail. Unless one has ex- 

bet we 

■ Ja 

20 and Feb. 17. The outward goal is to 
increase the enrollment and average attendance. A 
banner is to go to the school showing the largest gain. 
The permanent good is to show in improved schools 
and in real help to the community. After all, the 
school that does not help its community, may be a mis- 
fit and may have passed its days of usefulness. This 

perienced the same sorrow, he can not feel the same 
tragedy of suspense and care. The human interest 
part of the story is strong, and it is of the kind that 
makes the whole world kin. The neighbors had done 
all they could do in the search. There were words of 
comfort and acts of kindness. But they can never 
fill the void that is left in that mother's and father's 

is a day of service. Our schools must serve, if they heart by the loss of the little son. 

would justify their right to exist. And the uncertainty of it all ! No one knows where 

Some may think that such contests are questionable, he is. No one knows, for sure, whether he is dead or 

It all depends on the motive that prompts them and alive. Whether his little body, tired and worn and 

the spirit in which they are conducted. Are they not lost, lay down under the shelter of some log of the 

rather to be classed with what Paul has in mind when forest, and was kindly covered by the leaves, or 

peaks of provoking one another to good works? whether some wild beast devoured the little body, or 

May there be many other Secretaries and Districts 
that will try hard to make their schools larger, better, 
more serviceable and more spiritual ! 
Elgin, III. i t , 

The Total Man 

" He was a man you could say your prayers with, or eat 

nd jusl 

Don't you love the very sound of him? There's 
something so nice and comfortable about him; an invi- 
tation to relax and be normal; a guarantee. He's a 
kind and a kindred man. He understands. And that's 
because his thinking and feeling and doing has raised 
him up beyond himself, and out to the man beside 
him, and in to the soul of things. He knows. He has 
been there and seen. 

The multiplicity of his feelings makes him a world- 
man, — your man, my man. He becomes a crowd and 
laughs, or a child and plays, or a man and thinks, 
without partiality and without hypocrisy, according as 
surroundings decide the matter for him. For enjoy- 
ing things is just a habit ; sincerity is just a habit ; do- 

whether the waters of a mountain stream buried him 
beneath its sands, or whether the fiery holocaust of 
a timber fire reduced the little body to ashes, or 
whether some wandering band of aliens stole him 
from the parents' care, and carried him away to other 
scenes, no one knows. Perhaps it will never be re- 
vealed until the great day when the mountains shall 
tell their secrets and the waters give up their dead. 
But the anguish and grief and sorrow of that home 
can not be measured by those who have never experi- 
enced a like sorrow. We do not wonder that the 
mother exclaims : " I can not sleep ! " 

But another picture comes to us. This little lad 
is not the only one who is lost. As we go up and 
down the land from city to city, and from State to 
State, we see scores and hundreds of other lads who 
have gone " out on the mountain." Farther and far- 
ther into its darkness they are going, until they are 
in serious danger of being lost. It is the mountain of 
sin. In it are delectable scenes that carry one deeper 
into its recesses. The gurgling of the stream of pleas- 
ure lures them on, the awful grandeur of the fire of 
passion drags them into its terrible flames, the beasts 
are waiting to devour, and the " aliens " from 

ing things is just a habit, where, as ever, the deeper you the pit crouch, ready to snatch them from "their home's 
get into it, the more you love ,t,-the more you need it. and frie nds, and to carry them to their dens of eternal 

And so we find a man who specializes, as they come, 
in his chess or his career, his friends or his future, 
and becomes in all most wonderfully efficient. 

He hasn't let profession rub him callous to other 
things. He's living the totality of life,— getting all 
from everything. For we are too complex and capable 
to let any one thing bind us tight to it, and dwarf us 


And the worst of it all is that there is but little 
alarm. In the case of the lost boy on the mountains 
the alarm was quickly given and the mountains were 
scoured by scores of sympathetic neighbors from far 
and near, for sorrow of this kind makes neighbors of 
us all. But in the case of those who are out on the 

to its very size and shape. No one thing is enough to mountain of sin there seems to be little concern 
do. no one thing enough to be. Even fathers and mothers who should be concerned 
The complete man is Christian, citizen, lover, fa- mightily, appear to care little, and they allow the child 
ther, friend, with all their derivations; and that not of their flesh to go deeper and deeper into the allure- 
countmg the genius in him, the hobbies of him, the ments of sin. The " neighbors," also, are not con- 
s and fun and pleasure.^ He seemingly does cemed. Too often the pastor and Sunday-school 
"—and just as easy." teacher have the same spirit of unconcern and farther 
ill add new ties and interests, and have and farther they go. Up and up they go, over the dan- 
happenings, and feel new feelings, until he fairly gerous crags and across the chasms, thinking that all 

And he 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 

is safe and that they can go " just a little farther," 
but at last there is the cry of despair, the wail of the 
lost, and all is over. No, not over, for there is an 
eternity ahead. To the parents of the lad, gone from 
that little village home, in search for the cows, there 
is always hope, — hope that in some way God may re- 
store him to their bosom again. But if this restora- 
tion never comes, there is the hope of a meeting 
•' over there," where there are no mountain fastnesses, 
and where our boys are safe forever. 

But not so for the one that is lost in the mountain 
of sin. There is no hope, no joy of future bliss, no 
looking forward to finding him on the celestial shore. 
Lost, lost, lost! Oh, the awfulness of that word and 
the grief it brings! Father, mother, pastor, Sunday- 
school teacher, neighbor, where are the boys and girls 
of your homes? Are they out on the mountain? 
Watch them ! Bring them back and keep them safe 
at home. Jesus Christ wants them, and no alien has 
a right to them. He has prepared a place of safety 
for them where no enemy can take them, and where 
they will not be lost. He came to " seek and to save 
them that are lost," and he has made every sacrifice 
that it might be possible. Let us see to it that search- 
ing parties are put out everywhere, and that they are 
brought back before it is everlastingly too late. Let 
the Church of Jesus Christ be their hiding place! 

Belle fontaine, Ohio. 

A Plea for Simple Living 


The writer believes that when we have anything to 
say or write, commending anyone, we should do so 
during their lifetime, — bestow our praise and bouquets. 
Fulsome flattery is not the intention when I say that 
in my humble opinion the Messenger is improving, 
as time goes on. The editorials are pertinent and to 
the point. The remarks anent Thanksgiving and the 
endorsement of the simple life, were appropriate at 
this time. Truly, we have been greatly blessed tem- 
porally, and we are accepting these blessings, I fear, 
too much in a matter-of-course spirit. 

We are living in an era of extravagance, — not to 
say wastefulness. The times are critical, if not, in- 
deed, ominous. Those high in authority are disquiet- 
ed and are using their strong influence, abetted by 
both press and pulpit, for retrenchment and reform 
along domestic and utilitarian lines. Conservation of 
food is given prominence, and rightly too; we, gen- 
erally speaking, eat too much. Physicians tell us that 
the greater part of their practice comes from ailments 
brought about, directly or indirectly, by intemperate 
eating, — the vital organs, eventually, must protest 
against abuse. History, both near and remote, attests 
to the fact that the simple life is conducive to good 
health and longevity. The whole tenor of Holy Writ 
is condemnatory of immoderate eating as well as 
drinking. Daniel, the exemplary Bible character, and 
his companions, with their meager menu of pulse or 
vegetables, stand as a verification of simple living. 

If this horrible war should be the instrumentality 
to bring about a saner sense of life, and a more ra- 
tional and wholesome mode of living, it will not, in 
some measure, be without compensation. We will 
then really attain to " higher ground " and, incidental- 
ly, to temporal and spiritual advancement. 

Chambersburg, Pa. 

The Breath of the Spirit 


Robbed of pure air, the physical man can not exist. 
Prayer is to the spiritual what breathing is to the phys- 
ical. There can be no spiritual health without the ex- 
halations of a consciousness of, and a repentance for, 
sin. and the inhalations of the knowledge of forgive- 
ness, and the love and care of God, which constitute the 
life-giving principle of the Spirit, — the oxygen which 
fires the inside life of man, the Purifier of the unclean 
heart of the wrongdoer. 

The greatest saints of whom we have record were all 
praying men, — Abraham, Jacob, Samuel, David and 
Paul all lived by prayer. 

Prayer is not a burden to be borne, a mere duty, or 
an obligation to God which must be fulfilled. It is a 

priceless privilege, — such as we enjoy in work, friends, 
love, laughter, music, literature or art. It is a rare op- 
portunity which man may grasp and use to his eternal 
and material welfare. It is the supreme privilege of 
friendship and communion with God, of which a man 
deprives himself when he scorns or neglects to seek the 
comfort, help and peace which earnest conversations 
with God bring. 

When .people no longer enjoy the Christian life, al- 
most always the cause may be traced to a clogging or 
total blockading of the spiritual breathing channel of 
prayer, by coldness, indifference or sinfulness. 

If one is to enjoy that helpfulness and peace which 
results from a prayerful life, he must keep the line of 
communication between him and his God wide open. 

Have you wondered, at times, what was the secret of 
the victorious life of a friend, — the source of the pow- 
er and tranquillity which emanated from his life? 

On your knees, in the humble attitude of a, child, 
ask God simply and trustfully and fervently to send 
his Holy Spirit into your heart, and to aid you in keep- 
ing it enshrined there. 

Then you shall have a glimpse of the Power back 
of your friend's faith and joy and helpfulness. 

Fairfield, Pa. __ 

The Roll Call of 1917 

Death, ihe grim reaper, called fifty-five of our ministers 
from time to eternity during 1917. Some of them were 
prominent elders, and widely known in the Church of the 
Brethren. Those whose names, in the list below, are pre- 
ceded by a star(*) served once or more on the Standing 
Committee of Annual Conference. The figures indicate 

HI.. 8fi; Alexnndei 

nn Dyke, Chicago, 

; Mi'hl'-r, C'errn flonlo, 

Colo., 76,' D. C. Henrlrlckson. Pittsburg. Ohio, 7(1; Jacob Gerhart, 
Vincennes, Ind., 7fi; J. Y. Eisi'iibPrg, Royersfonl. Pn„ 7fl; 

. Price, Harleys 
; Marion 
nn., 73; Isaac IUddlosberger, Waynesbo 
Inglewoocl, Cnl.. 72; Caleb ~ 

Knisley, Everett, 

vllle. Ohio, r>8; D. H. 

8; J. Q. Helman, Green- 

■g, Pn., 53; J. A. 

Klscnbi^p, Chicago, 111., 

Deavertou, Mich. 
M. Howe, Meyersdale, Pa., HO; David E. Hoover, Garrett, Ind. 
40; 'Lewis E. Keltner, Phoenix. Ariz., 48; Geo. H. Light, Hatfield, 
Pa., 38; Olln Hardman, Polo, Mo., 20. 

Fifteen of these brethren served on the Standing Com- 
mittee. Eld. Jos. C. Minnix, of Louisiana, was the first 
elder to be called away of the 1910 Standing Committee. 
Death has called some elders of each year's Standing 
Committee except the one of 1917. The 1917 Standing 
Committee is with us yet. Who will be the first to go? 
God knows. Edgar M. Hoffcr. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 

With the Members in Denmark 

Since the work in Denmark is at present without the 
direct help of a leader who has been associated with the 
work of our church at the home base, the Danish preach- 
ers insisted on my coming to their District Meeting at 
Sindal, Nov. 25, to which I consented. 

It was my happy privilege to get into a few homes, but 
for the lack of sufficient time, not as many families were 
reached as I had planned. We were not able to have as 
many meetings, either, as we desired. The first appoint- 
ment I missed, because I failed to -make connections, as 
I had planned, and therefore reached my destination fif- 
teen hours later than I had intended. These war times 
cause quite a stagnation in these neutral countries. A nice 
little meeting was enjoyed with the members at Hordum. 
The audience was not so large, but the Spirit was- pres- 

The District Mission Board had its meeting in the home 
of Bro. C. Hansen, in Bronderslev, the evening before 
the District Meeting convened. There was not much work 
before the meeting, but the discussions at this meeting, 
as well as at the District Meeting, the following" day, in- 
dicated an earnest desire to extend the borders of Zion. 
Two more members were added to the District Board, 
which now consists of two elders, two deacons and one 
of the laity. 

The business of the District Meeting consisted largely 
of the reading of the different reports and approving 
them. These showed an interest and growth in the work. 
The churches were well represented with delegates, and 

the members of the Vendsyssel congregation, where the 
meetings was held, were well represented. The Thy con- 
gregation had submitted one query which was passed. 
Eld. Martin Johanscn succeeds himself on the District 
Board as chairman, and Bro. Jensen, of the Vendsyssel 
church, and Bro, P. C. Olsen, of the Thy church, are the 
new members on this committee. These brethren have 
a large field to look after and develop,— a veritable Canaan, 
a land flowing with milk and honey, to possess for the 
Lord. The brethren have a love for souls and zeal for 
the work of the Lord, but lack in understanding and tact 

■ the 


In the afternoon the undersigned had the privilege to 
preach to a good-sized and very interesting audience. In 
the evening Eld. Martin Johanscn gave us a very prac- 
tical sermon. This was certainly a day of blessings. All 
business was disposed of in a brotherly spirit, and all the 
preaching services were food for the soul. 

The day following the District Meeting the writer was 
obliged to return home to Sweden, but he could not return 
without making a call with our aged pilgrims of the cross, 
—Brother and Sister Eskildsen, in Hjorring. So he de- 
cided to travel all Monday night on a cushionless train, 
and change twice from train to ferry, and back to train 
again, rather than not visit these dear aged members. I 
have visited a number of times in this home during the 
last six years. I have never met with old nor young mem- 
bers who have a warmer heart than Bro. and Sister Eskild- 
sen. They are some of the first fruits of foreign mission 
work in the Church of the Brethren, I don't believe that 
anybody can enjoy the simple faith of the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ better than these two members. Soon their life's 
work will be ended and they will he called to their reward, 
hut their influence will continue to live. I praise the Lord 
for evidence in younger lives of following the example of 
these aged soldiers in the battle for the right. 

There were five other members in our company, rang- 
ing in age from twenty to seventy years. We shall al- 
ways remember the short three hours wc spent in this 
home, talking, singing and praying, on our return trip 
from the District Meeting in Denmark, in 1917. 

Malmo, Sweden, Nov. 28. J. F. Graybill. 


People That Can Not Be Spared 

Matt. 5: 13 
For Week Beginning February 10, 1918 

1. Christians, as Salt of the Earth, Can Not Be Spared. 

— Christ, in delegating important duties to his disciples, — 

courage and support them under their trials. Though they 
may be treated with contempt, yet they are real blessings 
to the world, and the more so because of their suffer- 
ings. The prophets, who went before them, were the salt 
of the land of Canaan, but the apostles were the salt of 
the whole earth, for they were told to go into all the 
world to preach the Gospel. What could they hope to 
accomplish? Clearly, they could do nothing by force of 
arms or dint of the sword, but working silently, as salt, 
one handful of that salt would diffuse its savor far and 
wide. It would go a great way, and work irresistibly as 
leaven (Matt 13: 33). The doctrine of the Gospel is as 
salt,— penetrating, quick, powerful (Heb. 4: 12). It reach- 
es the heart (Acts 2: 37). Salt is cleansing, makes pala- 
table the food to which it is added, and preserves from 
putrefaction. We read of "the savor of the knowledge of 
Christ" (2 Cor. 2: 14), for all other learning is insipid 
without that. An everlasting covenant is called "a cove- 
nant of salt" (Num. 18: 19). 

2. Scriptural Applications. — (1) Christians should be 
saturated with the essence of the Gospel,— the salt of 
grace. Thoughts and affections, words and actions, should 
be seasoned with grace (Col. 4: 6). We must have 
salt in ourselves, or wc can not impart it to others (Mark 
9: 50). Christians must not only BE good, but DO good. 
They must so influence others as to win them to Gospel 
principles, and to transform them into wholehearted fol- 
lowers of the Lord (Philpp. 2: 15; 1 Peter 2: II, \2; 3: 
15, 16). 

3. Historical Testimony.— Christians were the salt.of the 
Roman empire during the evil days of its decline, — a 
fact that is well substantiated. In the Dark Ages, even, 
we can still trace the salubrious influence of those holy 
lives which were scattered like shining grains of salt 
through the ferment and seething of the times. So it has 
been during all the centuries since Christ, and so it is 
still. It is true, that there is no longer the sharp distinc- 
tion between Christians and the world, which prevailed 
in the days when it cost something to confess Christ, but 
there is still a goodly number of Christians who, in deed 
and in truth, are the real "salt of the earth." 

: In thoughts, not breathe; 

>art-throt>s. He moat lives 
st, feels ths noblest, acts the best." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 



Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Lord of the Sabbath — 
Mark 2: 13 to 3: 6. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Tower for Service.— Acts 

I: 8. 


Bro. E. L. Whisler, of Ccntralia, Wash., at Mossy Rock, 
same State. 

Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of Covington, Ohio, in the Gciger 
Memorial church, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson, of Oakland. Cal.. at the Golden 
Gate mission, his own congregation. 

Bro. W. C. Detrick, of Bryan, Ohio, is meeting with 
good results in his evangelistic campaign in the Toledo 
church, same State. So far thirteen have made the good 
choice. ■ 

Bro. J. W. Kitson, recently in pastoral charge of the 
Goshen, Ind., church, expects to take up similar work at 
Champaign, III., Fell. IS. His correspondents will please 
address him accordingly. 

Bro. I. J. Gibson, of Mt. Morris, III., who is completing 
his collegiate work in Mt. Morris College this year, is 
open for evangelistic engagements during the summer 
months, beginning about the middle of June. 

Churches in need of a Music Director for revival meet- 
ings or music institutes, are invited to correspond with 
Sister Dorothy M. Sherrick, of Mt. Morris, 111., who has 
bad special preparation for this work, and desires to be 
of service to the cause in this way. 

The men of faith and vision may occasionally fail to 
hold their own, and now and then they may even be de- 
feated in their onslaught against the adversary, J>ut when 
the war is fought through to a finrsh, they are on the 
winning side. 

Owing to the uncertainty of train service at the present 
time, mail facilities are considerably interfered with. Un- 




not attended 


lerstand why 
promptly as 

Six were baptized Dec. 25 at Mount Morris, III. 
One was baptized Jan. 8, at Worthington. Minn. 
Two were baptized recently in the Pomona church, Cal. 
Two were recently received by baptism at Kokomo, 

The Alvo congregation, Nebr., desires to secure a min- 
ister (preferably an elder) who is willing to accept a par- 
tial support. Applicants will please note Bro. J. L. Snave- 
ly's communication among the Notes. 

As will be noted by reference to a communication from 
Liberty, III., Bro. G. O. Stutsman, pastor at that point, 
for the past five years, has decided to leave there May 1, 
to take up pastoral work at another place. This leaves 
the little flock at Liberty without a pastor, but the mem- 
bership is hoping to secure some one for that work as 
soon as -possible. It is requested that ministers who feel 
inclined to respond to this call, correspond with Bro. Otis 
Walton, of that place, at an early date. 


One was added to the fold Dei 
church. Ohio. 

One has been added by baptism 

'rairie City church. 
J in the Chippewa 



J. A. 

Two have been baptized since 
Cray chapel, Va. 

Five were baptized Jan. lj at Manvel, Te 
Miller, of that congregation, conducting the services. 

Two confessed Christ in the Pecos Valley church, N. 
Mcx„— Bro. Ira J. Lapp, of Miami, same State, evangelist. 

Twenty-four accepted Christ at Lost Angeles, Cal..— 
Bro. E. S. Young, of Claremont, same State, evangelist. 

Two confessed Christ in the South Annvillc church, 
Pa..— Bro. Hiram Kaylor, of Rhceins, same State, evan- 

Nineteen were baptized and one restored at Moscow. 
Idaho.— Bro. B. J. Fike. of Nezpcrce. same State, evan- 

One confessed Christ in the Eagle Creek church, Ohio. 
—Bro. J. .1. Anglemycr, of Williamstown, same State, 

Three confessed Christ in the Morning Star church, 
Kans.,— Bro. H. M. Brubaker and wife, of Conway, same 
State, evangelists. 

Three were baptized and two were reclaimed in the 
Antiocb house, Killbuck congregation, Ind..— Bro. Moync 
Landis. of Sidney, same State, evangelist. 

One accepted Christ at the Harris schoolhouse. a mis- 
sion point in Barbour County, W. Va.,— Bro. J. F. Valen- 
tine, of Belington, same State, evangelist. 

Fifteen came out on the Lord's side, including those 
previously mentioned, at La Verne, Cal.,— Bro. D. L. 
Miller, at present of Pasadena, same State, evangelist. 

Bro. Jacob F. Keith, of Camp Creek, Va., to begin 
March 9. in the Burks Fork church, same State. 

Bro. L. I. Moss, of Prairie Depot, Ohio, and Bro. Les- 
ter Heisey, of Mansfield, same State, to begin Feb. 3, at 

Bro. D. L. Miller, at present of Pasadena, Cal., to be- 
gin a scries of Bible Land talks, Feb. 10, at Waterford. 
same State. 

The Sunday-school Editor is just now in the East, giv- 
ing instruction at Bible and Sunday-school Institutes. His 
first point was Roanoke, Va. This week he is giving a 
series of lectures at Daleville College. Next week he has 
a similar engagement at Blue Ridge. 

Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, under date of Jan. 4, tells of 
'the safe arrival of the hulja^rmssionjiQ' party at Yoko- 
hama. Japan. Owing to the irregularity oPsailings, it 
h'could not be told just how soon they would be able to 
continue their journey, or whether they would go from 
''there to China, or direct to Colombo. Ceylon. 

Bro. A. C. Wieand, President of Bethany Bible School, 
is now at Sebring, Fla.. to which point he, by advice of 
physicians, took his wife, who recently underwent several 
operations. She stood the trip quite well, and the out- 
look for her restoration to health is very encouraging. 
Bro. J. A. Dove. wife, daughter, and Sister Denton, of 
Cloverdale. Va„ are also at Sebring for some months. 
Sunday evening, Feb. 3. Bro. Dove will begin a revival 
meeting, which is to close with a love feast, probably on 
Saturday evening, Feb. 16. A Bible Term, conducted by 
Bro. Wieand, is to be held in connection with the revival. 


The Blue Ridge College Endowment Campaign, we are 
informed, has had a very auspicious beginning. The sys- 
tematic campaign which has been planned, and the lib- 
eral returns already realized, seem to spell success. 

The "Psychology of Prayer" is the title of an excel- 
lent article in this issue, written by our lately-deceased 
brother, J. D. Haughtelin, of Panora, Iowa. A sketch of 
our brother's long life of useful service is to appear next 

Men may dally with questionable practices, but the fact 
remains that the wages of sin is death, and there is no 
escape. Whether pay-day comes the following Saturday 
night or at the end of the year, or on the great day of 
accounts.— in every case the inescapable result will be the 

Any church, desiring the services of an evangelist after 
March 1, may get in touch with brethren available for the 
work by writing to Mount Morris College, Mount Morris. 
III. The President of the College informs us that they 
have several who desire to engage in revival work during 
the spring and summer months. 

Have you ever thought about the fact that the adversary 
of our souls is not concerned so much about our " pro- 
fession " as he is about our "practice"? The profession 
may pass at par among men, but only a practice that pass- 
es muster in the courts of heaven, causes serious discom- 
fiture to the powers of darkness. 

Please remember, when adversity weighs heavily upon 
you. that God has promised to be your stay and assur- 
ance. We are never nearer to Got! than when his 
chastening hand is upon us. The purification and beau- 
tifying of our souls requires much chipping and polishing, 
and we do well to let the Master Workman have Full 

The District Mission Board of Northern Missouri de- 
sires to secure the services of an elder who can give his 
full time to mission work in the District. The Board is 
prepared to offer a full support for this service, and wish- 
es the engagement to begin not later than March 1, 1918. 
Address the Secretary, Bro. Ezra Mohler, 513 Locust 
Street, Plattsburg, Mo. 

The congregation at Plattsburg, Mo., invites the atten- 
tion of members who are considering a change of loca- 
tion and desire good church privileges. The church has a 
membership of over one hundred, a live Sunday-school, 
and a new churchhouse. Because of the drafting of young 
men by the Government, there are said to be a number of 
good openings both for the purchase of farms and for 
labor by the month. Bro. Ezra Mohler, of Plattsburg. 
will take pleasure in answering inquiries. 

Shortly before going to press we received, from Bro. 
Edward Kintner, Writing Clerk, the following notice to 
the churches of Northwestern Ohio: "The coming Mis- 
sionary, Educational, and District Meetings of Northwest- 
ern Ohio will be held in the Greenspring church March 
20 and 21. The annual Elders' Meeting will convene at 
the same place on Wednesday morning. March 20. The 
Brethren of Greenspring will make further announcements 
regarding the time of trains that will be met, etc." 

In the present course of Sunday-school Lessons, in the 
Gospel of Mark, there are frequent references to the sub- 
ject of " demon possession." In this connection our at- 
tention has been called to the tract on " Modern Spiritual- 
ism," by Bro. I. J. Rosenberger, in which demon posses- 
sion is treated at some length. Many would find help by 
reading this comprehensive treatise at this time. The 
tract is, in fact, a booklet of 59 pages. The price is 5 
cents for a single copy, or $l.50~ per hundred. Send or- 
ders to the General Mission Board. 

A clipping from a St. Petersburg (Fla.) paper informs 
us that the Brethren there, under the leadership of Bro. 
Isaac Frantz, are now holding regular Sunday services in 
the G. A. R. hall. Besides the twenty-five members now 
in the city, there are many friends who sympathize with 
them and urge the building of a church. A lot has been 
offered for the purpose, and the matter is to be considered 
soon by the city board. Correspondents of Bro. Frantz 
will please turn to the Yearbook and make the necessary 
correction in his address, there given as Franklin Grove, 
111. It should be 557 Sixth Avenue, N., St. Petersburg, 

A touching tribute to his departed mother was recently 
paid by a prominent church worker in these words: " 1 
think of the mother of my boyhood days as one who saw 
the Blessed One who is invisible. She was a very old-' 
fashioned woman, with her sweet, quiet ways. You nev- 
er would have found her picketing the White House gates. 
But, oh. what a happy home she made, and what a song 
of evening-time she was to every one who knew her! 
How often I have seen her, when burdened with care, pass 
into the little room where she was accustomed to kneel 
and prayl And she has come forth radiant and filled with 
peace. Then I learned where my mother got her smiles." 

To state your~point in the fewest possible words may 
be a difficult matter for some people, but it is an art which 
all may well cultivate to excellent advantage. Brevity and 
conciseness are the parents of conviction. The seven wise 
men of Greece, so famous for their wisdom all the world 
over, acquired all that fame, — each of them, — by a single 
sentence consisting of twq or three words. The point at 
issue is well illustrated by the following: "A sophomore 
in college once brought a composition he had written on 
' conscience ' to his tutor, in which this sentence is said 
to have appeared: 'The nature and province of conscience 
are such that, in view of the revealed and perfect stand- 
ard of truth and duty, this inward monitor enables us to 
discriminate between that which, on the one hand, is for- 
bidden and evil in its tendency, and that, on the other, 
which is commanded and correct in theory and. beneficial 
in practice.' ' What, exactly, do you mean by that? ' the 
tutor asked him. The student replied, ' I mean that con- 
science tells us when we do right and when we do wrong?' 
'Then, why didn't you say so?' said the tutor." Our 
readers may make their own application. 


We arc filling your orders for books and other sti 
plies as fast as they come in, but, owing to the congt 
tion of all transportation lines, the delivery may take 
little longer than usual. We kindly request thi 





reported, bu 
ufneient time 

tuld suggest that you 
elapse before notifying 


On January 23 J. E. Miller. Galen B. Royer and C. W. 
Lahmau, the committee appointed by the Special Con- 
ference, held at Goshen, Ind., Jan. 9. to "devise ways and 
plans by which our people can do relief and reconstruc- 
tion work," met in Elgin, and organized by electing J. E. 
Miller, Chairman, and Galen B. Royer, Secretary-Treas- 
urer. The committee takes over all relief funds whatso- 
ever, and forwards the same to the proper organizations, 
when not intended for the work it has in hand. 

The qbjects of the' committee, the extent of its possi-. 
bilities and privileges, were thoroughly discussed in the 
light of the data at hand and a report of personal inves- 
tigation. It was learned that the Friends, in their splen- 
did work, find it costs on an average about $1,750 per 
year to support a worker and all the relief work he will 
do.' Based on that experience, the committee would like 
to have not less than fifty workers ready, and a fund ol 
$100,000 pledged within the next few months. 

The committee has petitioned to work, as the Friends 
are now doing, under the civilian arm of the Red Cross 
Society, and if granted, it will be ready to do the same 
class of work with the same privileges of supporting the 
workers with our own funds, as the Friends are now do- 

Thus far there is no assurance that the work of the com- 
mittee for noncombatants of the draft age will be accepted 
by the Government as noncombatant service. It can not 
forecast the future, but believes that a hearty support of 
this work, both in men and means, will at least set our 
people in a favorable light before the officers of the Gov- 

The committee is planning o 
from the members and friends o 
good work of "giving a cup of , 
needy, some of whom it hopes tt 

a most royal support 
he church in this very 
d water " to the many 
each very soon. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 


Bible Reading in Public Schools 
Only comparatively few of the States have passed laws 
which make the reading of the Bible in the public schools 
obligatory upon teacher and pupil. New Jersey's recent 
enactment requires the reading of five verses of the Bible 
as a minimum, with the addition of such others, from the 
book of selected passages, as may be deemed expedient 
by the instructor. Some time ago a similar measure was 
before the legislature of New York, but failed to pass. 
Massachusetts," Tennessee, Pennsylvania, and a few others 
have enactments similar to the one adopted by New Jer- 
sey. It is being urged by the National Reform Bureau 
that laws of that sort be passed by all the States that 
have not as yet done so. 

child, but when you consider that we are in debt, and have 
no new funds coming in from America, you can see it 
is not so easy as one might think. Then, too, you should 
remember that there are thousands of children, just as 
badly off, all around us, and we can do little or nothing 
for them now until more money comes in." Judging by 
latest reports, the food situation in Persia is most des- 
perate, and with it have come the inevitable epidemics 
of disease and multiplied deaths. Fresh refugees are con- 
stantly arriving in Urumia and the villages near by, and 
the-already scant supply of food will be wholly inadequate 
for the many hungry and destitute people. 

Starving Europe 
Latest reports from Washington seem to indicate that 
the food situation in the allied countries in Europe is 
graver than at any time since the war began. If we may 
place full dependence in official reports, there are ex- 
treme food shortages in England, France and Italy. It is 
admitted that these alarming conditions arc giving the 
officials of our Government deep concern. To guard 
against all waste, it is now announced that compulsory 
rationing will be started in England immediately. In 
France, where all crops have already been requisitioned, 
the bread" ration will be cut to seven ounces daily to all 
except the very poor, and those doing hard manual labor. 
As never before, the people are realizing what it means 

Buddhism in the United States 

If some one had suggested, even thirty years ago. that 

Buddhism would gain a, strong foothold in the United 

States in the early years of this century, he would have 

been regarded as a disseminator of strange ideas. It is a 

hat at tilis time there are at least sev- 
Mity-four of these temples in the United States, each of 
vhich is the center of active missionary operations, mainly 
imong the Chinese and Japanese. As might be expected, 
nost of these temples are on the Pacific Coast. Only re- 
:ently another Buddhist temple was dedicated at Los 
\ngeles. Cal., where twelve hundred Japanese have lately 
iccepted the teachings of Buddha. An interesting query 
suggests itself: "Does Buddhism flourish in our land be- 
:ause Christians fail to be alive to their opportunity?" 

The Nonresistants 
Much is being said in the public press, nowadays, about 

the drafted 

,ill no 



:ourse, speak bitterly of all who are unwilling 
to enter upon active army service,— not being acquainted 
with the religious principles that animate the hearts and 
minds of the members of such nonresistant bodies. A 
better spirit is shown by a writer in " The Congregation- 
alist" in the following: "We shall do well to think sym- 
pathetically about these men who, however mistaken they 
may be, arc fighting for freedom of conscience. It ts an 
intense joy to meet some of them, at least. Their trust 
in Cod is beautiful. They live by prayer and the study of 
the Bible. Their desire to do the will of Christ, as they 
understand it, is absolute." 

The Disintegration of Russia 
While coming events in Russia can not, at this time, 
be predicted with absolute certainty, one thing is clear — 
the vast country, made up of a number of dependencies, 
each with its separate and distinct ideals, eventually will 
be split up into units that are seeking for freedom after 
their own particular notions. Finland is probably the 
pioneer along that line, having already arranged for all 
necessary Governmental functions. The same thing is 
likely to happen in Ukrainia— the chief granary of Rus- 
sia. Siberia, too, is counting on separate national exist- 
ence. It is claimed that at least a half dozen other prov- 
inces are determined to be wholly independent of previ- 
ous national ties. Unless a stronger hand than any now 
known, takes charge of Russia's national welfare, there 
extremely mixed-up state of affairs. 


The Sad Plight of Persia 
A relief worker in Urumia, Persia^ presents a most 
touching picture of the distressing destitution in that city 
and surrounding country, and he earnestly pleads that 
more aid be sent. No part of Western Asia has suffered 
more than this region. Today it lies waste, its people 
starving, without homes or clothing. We quote briefly 
from the pathetic plea: "A big gang of starving and half- 
naked people crowd about the gate here, all day long. 
The other day one of them died there. Cne day, when 
the crowd was put out at night, as is the regular custom, 
it was found that a little tot of five had been deserted by 
her mother who, it seems, is a widow and helpless. There 
was nothing to do but to take care of the child. The 
mother knew we would not let it starve. It may not ap- 
pear difficult to do such a thing as supporting another 

Few Large Gatherings This Year 
With the exception of the W. A. Sunday revival efforts 
and perhaps a very few others, there will be practically 
no large union evangelistic campaigns this year, — such as 
usually are conducted during more favorable times. The 
same is true, on the other hand, of the large circuses that 
during the warmer season of the year make a tour of the 
country. The big showmen have taken a survey of the 
railroad situation, and keenly realize that the congested 
conditions will not admit of the transportation of circus 
trains. Then, too, the labor shortage greatly militates 
against the successful operation of the shows. As the 
outlook is now, they may be obliged to remain in their 
quarters. Some wholly unforeseen results, apparently, fol- 
low in the wake of the great European struggle. 

Latest Developments 
At this writing (forenoon of Jan. 29),a series of definite 
demonstrations in favor of early peace negotiations are re- 
ported from various parts of Germany and Austria. As 

ing so numerous that no longer can the censor's vigilance 
keep reports of them from reaching the outside world. 
Whether the people of the Central Empires will insist up- 
on their rights, and, if necessary, dispose of the auto- 
cratic rulers who are chiefly responsible for existing con- 
ditions, remains to be seen. A long-threatened revolution 
in Finland has begun in the eastern provinces, where 
Russian soldiers are endeavoring to gain a foothold, in an 
attempt to restrain the Finnish officials from making final 
arrangements for independent national existence. 

Definite Aims in Benevolence 
That far better results arc attained by definite and 
well-understood aims in practical benevolence, is illus- 
trated by the annual charity solicitation of the " New York 
Times." Each year, just before Christmas, that journal 
requests four of the leading charity organizations to sub- 
mit "one hundred of the neediest cases,"— in order that 
relief may be provided through the many readers of the 
"Times." No names are mentioned, but the readers ful- 
ly understand that these arc cases, amply investigated, 
and that a real need exists. In spite of heavy war de- 
mands, $66,000 was contributed by the "Times" readers,— 
twi-e as much as was needed for the one hundred cases 
of destitution. So two hundred families,— probably a 
thousand persons in all— are now rejoicing in greatly- 
needed relief. Systematic effort always brings results. 

And the End Is Not Yet 
France, after losing three million men, still has 1,200,000 
seasoned troops opposing a nearly equal number of Ger- 
mans. Haig, the British general, has about half a mil- 
lion more men than the Germans can muster. Italy may 
not be able, wholly, to overcome her invaders from the 
North but can, undoubtedly, hold her own. If the Kaiser 
should bring over to the western front the entire 1,400,000 
with which he faced Russia, the Central Powers will have, 
apparently, the best of it in man-power, for the time be- 
ing. Whatever troops may be placed in the field by "Un- 
cle Sam," at the present rate, can not hope to equal the 
numerical strength of the enemy until later on in the 
year. Unless, therefore, a sudden turn of events should 
prompt the Central Powers to sue for conditions of peace, 
the appalling slaughter is ver/likely to continue for some 

United States daily fell to their knees and prayed earnest- 
ly for the cause of world liberty, we would soon see the 
Kaiser topple from his throne and world-peace restored." 
Three times a day, — morning, noon and night, — children 
and workers sink to their knees and present all their 
needs to the Almighty in prayer, — all this with the ut- 
most simplicity and in full assurance of faith. The "Prayer 
Master " never prays for more than a day's supply of 
anything, and has never been disappointed. A lack of 
space prevents us from giving a full list of the temporal 
blessings that have come to the institution in answer 
to the prayer of faith. Suffice it to say that the farm of 
144 acres, with its commodious buildings amply sus- 
tains the 200 children and 50 workers. Whatever else is 
needed, comes in response to prayer. What an example 
of the prayer of faith in this age of doubt and unbeliefl 

An Object Lesson of Prevailing Prayer 
Among the hills near Warminster, Bucks County, Pa., 
is located what is known as the "Prayer Farm," a chil- 
dren's home, which, for the last fourteen years, has been 
wholly sustained by daily petitions to the Great Pro- 
vider. Dr. Albert Oetinger, the leading spirit of the un- 
dertaking, is known as the " Prayer Master," and by his 
intercessions two hundred dependent children are fed, 
clothed, and cared for spiritually. At no time has Dr. 
Oetinger or his assistants asked any man, woman or child 
for aid,— but help has always come when needed. What 
he calls "The Principality of Great Faith," was begun 
with nothing but "a bucket, a broom, a prayer, and a 
Bible," and has become a veritable blessing in the course 
of years. Officially it is known as " Christ's Home for 
Homeless and Destitute Children." All the inmates come 
from homes of misery and neglect in the big cities, or 
are wards of juvenile courts, children's aid societies, etc., 
and are of all ages and faiths. While Dr. Oetinger's meth- 
ods are thoroughly practical, he is a firm believer in pray- 
er. " God help the nation that has forgotten to pray," 
he says. "If the hundred millions of persons of these 

Pioneers of Civilization 
go a lone missionary landed on the 

coast of Africa, — a stranger in a land wholly unfamiliar 
to the world in general. With a faith, unparalleled in the 
ordinary affairs of man, he pressed forward into the in- 
terior and began his arduous labors. He preached the 
Word of Life and brought many of the dark-skinned ab- 
origines to a knowledge of the truth, but he did not, all 
the while, neglect their temporal welfare. He taught them 
how to build better houses, and how to maintain them. A 
good road was built from the village to the coast, and 
various industries were established. Some years later 
he died, and other workers succeeded him. But over the 
very road that he so toilfully constructed by the aid of the 
natives, a railroad was built, later on, and now there is 
great prosperity throughout that region. The missionary 

Honoring Departed Friends 
More and more it is being seriously questioned whether 
the profuse donations of flowers at funerals are really 
the best expression of the respect and affection we enter- 
tain for our departed ones. The recent announcement of 
a young child's funeral in a Boston, Mass., paper, closed 
with these appropriate words: "Friends who wish to 
send flowers will please give the money to the babies of 
our Allies." We were greatly impressed by that thought. 
What nobler and more appropriate tribute could be paid 
to the memory of those who have gone before, than to 
bestow acts of loving-kindness upon God's suffering chil- 
dren? The noblest and most effective form of sympathy 
is not merely expressed in the responsive tear, the echoed 
sigh, the answering look. It is the embodiment of our 
feelings of honor and respect in a tangible act of helpful- 
ness to some unfortunate one. Thus our sainted friends 
arc most appropriately remembered. 

Fairer Treatment for the Negro 
Some months ago we referred to the phenomenal exo- 
dus of the negroes from their southern homes, to enter 
upon more lucrative employment in the North. It was but 
natural, perhaps, that some, at least, would not find their 
northern living conditions as congenial as expected. True, 
in the absence of a sufficient amount of white labor, the 
employers of the North paid their' negro helpers well, in 
order to retain their services, but they did not always 
provide proper home environments. This caused consid- 
erable disatisfaction, and a longing for their southern 
homes. Meanwhile their old employers, beyond the Mason 
and Dixon line, keenly realized the loss of their old-time 
helpers. At latest reports, strong efforts are being made 
to have the negroes return to their southern homes, under 
the promise of better conditions in every way. As mat- 
ters stand now, the race problem is nearer an adequate 
solution than ever before. There is a better understand- 
ing all around. ■ 

Six Millions for Relief 
So far, a total of more than six million dollars has been 
collected and distributed to the needy in Western Asia 
through the efforts of the American Committee for Ar- 
menian and Syrian Relief, since its organization in 1915. 
At the time of this writing the situation is infinitely worse 
than ever before. According to the most recent and re- 
liable estimates there are today more than two million per- 
sons in absolute destitution in Bible Lands. Many of 
these will quickly die, if help does not reach them from 
America promptly. In Asia Minor there are 500.000; in 
Syria, including Palestine, 1,200,000; in the Caucasus re- 
gion, 350,000; in Persia, 90,000. This makes a total of 2,- 
140,000 for those countries. Details are not available for 
Egypt and Southern Mesopotamia, but there is much des- 
titution in those countries also. In the face of these facts, 
the money already sent seems but a drop in the bucket of 
the great and overwhelming need. The Committee esti- 
mates that, to prevent widespread death during the next 
six months at least thirty millions must be contributed 
by the generous givers of the United States. Only thus 
can distribution be made over the region from the Rus- 
sian Caucasus down to the refugee camps at Cairo. Egypt 
New areas are constantly being opened up for relief 
work by the British advance. With destruction every- 
where, there need be no hesitancy to forward ample con- 
tributions for the stricken people. Let it be done quick- 
ly I "The King's business require* haste." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 



" Put up thy sword, for men of war 

Shall perish by the blade. 
Not of this world my kingdom is; 

Yet, were my hour delayed, 
I could twelve guards of angels call, 

To render mighty aid." 
There stands the Master, calm, divine 

'Mid those who seek to kill; 
And yet forbids, in his defense, 

His band to work them ill. 
The deed rebuked, the wound he heal 

And meekly waits their will. 
O Master, at a time like this, 

Couldst thou such grace display? 
Is this thy great example set. 

For those who love thy way? 
Can hearts with human passions hope 

To reach such heights today? 
Ah, brother, we who truly love 

His way and will should seek; 
Should subject hold himself above 

His Sovereign, gentle, meek? 
His grace alone can stem the tide 

Of impulse, base and weak. 
What pity must be his to view 

Such fearful scenes below, 
Where men attacking fellow-men, 

Inflict despair and woe. 
With ruthless hand destroying life, 

Which they can not bestow. 
And e'en one who his love has kuown, 

Who long uprightly trod, 
Lifts hand 'gainst one as dear to him, 

Though from a foreign sod; 
Or 'gainst some soul that soon, perc 

Would have been won to God. 
What hope, what remedy exists, 

Save thy return, O Lord? 
When he whose right it is shall reign, 

World peace shall be restored; 
God's own from every nation dwell- 
Eternally with God. 
ar River, N. S. 

Marietta's Unfinished Work 

In Two Parts— Part One 

Marietta Long had just finished reading a letter 
from Evelyn Smith, telling her about the good times 
the young people back home were having. As .she 
folded the letter, tears came perilously near the sur- 
face. Evelyn had asked her how she liked it up in 
the mountains. 

"How can I tell?" she thought, "when I'm so 
homesick and lonesome and disappointed in my plans." 
Marietta had planned special work for her class in 
the Sunday-school, but the doctor had persisted in his 
orders that she go into the mountains among the pines 
for a few months. So she went off, leaving her work 
unfinished, and she was impatient for the time when 
she might return to her work. She liked her uncle 
and aunt. Their home was always cheerful and they 
tried to make her happy and contented. But they 
were old people and not one young person had called 
to see her. Thus, outside of her uncle's home, she was 
having a gloomy time of it. Her aunt said there were 
a few young people in the community, but that did 
not help matters, as long as they did not show friend- 
ship for the stranger. 

" I'll write to Evelyn on Monday ; then the letter 
will be 'blue' indeed. Oh, dear!" she sighed. 

As she sat in pensive mood, she thought of what her 
mother had so often said : " People are entitled to all 
the sunshine there is, and no one is justified in making 
an eclipse of himself, — casting a gloom over those 
with whom he comes in contact." Then she solilo- 
quized : " No, I won't write a blue letter. I'll write 
and tell her about the twenty-five mile stage drive I 
had at the finishing of my trip, and about the beautiful 
scenery along the way. I'll tell her about the Indian 
reservation that we passed and how a dozen little pa- 
pooses stood and watched us curiously. I'll tell her 
what a pleasant home Uncle and Aunt have, and about 

the beautiful sunset view we have every evening from 
our home. O, I'll write a cheery letter." 

Such pleasant thoughts revived her spirits wonder- 
fully. Her aunt was much pleased with the marked 
change in her niece, and began singing, 

"Throw a little sunshine where-so-e'er you be, 
Cheer the drooping spirit with a smile." 
Marietta joined in, and they sang the song through 
to the end, and the " blues " were chased completely 

The next day was Sunday and Marietta went with 
her uncle and aunt to Sunday-school. There were only 
three girls in the class in which Marietta recited. The 
teacher asked the questions she found in the quarterly 
and the girls answered out of the quarterly. Then the 
teacher requested some one to repeat the Golden Text. 
One girl read it out of the quarterly. Then the teach- 
er (?) sat down and the girls talked till the superin- 
tendent tapped on the pulpit step with his ruler, as a 
signal to dismiss the classes, A spirit of drowsiness 
seemed to pervade the whole adult part of the school. 

A class of restless boys in one corner of the room 
attracted Marietta's attention. Evidently the teacher 
had been very busy the preceding week and didn't 
have time to study his lesson. Consequently the boys 
took advantage of the situation, pinched each other, 
and exhibited curios, while the teacher looked In the 
quarterly to find questions. One especially enterpris- 
ing little fellow had a live mouse in a box and he 
watched his chance to let it out on the floor, unnoticed 
by the teacher (?), much to the amusement of the 
smaller children. 

A class of small girls in the corner, opposite to 
the boys, was of interest to Marietta. Every child 
manifested an intense interest in the lesson and the 
teacher was as busy as she could be till the signal to 
dismiss was given. Marietta wondered at the marked 
difference between that particular class and the other 
classes. It reminded her of a class in the Sunday- 
school she attended at home, and she resolved to get 
acquainted with that teacher. When church was dis- 
missed, Marietta introduced herself to the busy teach- 
er, and in the conversation that followed she learned 
that Emily Wilmot was the schoolteacher in the dis- 
trict in which her uncle lived. Her home was ten 
miles away and she boarded at the Wickham home, — 
only about a half mile from the home of Marietta's 
uncle. At this bit of news, Marietta could have cried 
for joy. Thoughts of brighter days began to dance in 
her mind and with them there came a vision of a large 
field of service for the Master. 

A few whispered words to her aunt, and the Wick- 
ham family and Emily were invited along home for 
dinner. The girls were both enthusiastic Sunday- 
school workers and they spent a pleasant as well as 
profitable afternoon together. They separated in the 
evening, each one congratulating herself that she had 
found such an agreeable friend. 

Marietta wrote Evelyn a letter, bubbling over with 
enthusiasm and cheer. She told about the stage 
coach, the Indians, the sunset, her kind aunt and 
uncle, the sleepy Sunday-school with the one wide- 
awake teacher and about the Sunday visit that would 
undoubtedly result in awakening the whole Sunday- 
school. It was a letter that made Evelyn sit up and 
take notice and wait anxiously to receive a second 
letter from Marietta. 

R. D. z, Ashland, Ohio. 

Social Demands of the Rural Community 

(From the Standpoint oC the Laity) 

May we first notice what kind of people it is that we 
refer to when we use the term " laity." Are they such 
as should be expected to meet the social demands of 
a community ? Farmers, farm owners, taxpayers, 
school teachers, Sunday-school teachers and parents, 
— all these are included in the laity. This, then, is 
where the responsibility lies and we must arouse the 
laity to a realization of the vital importance of meet- 
ing our social needs. 

Unless the social demands are met, we can not hope 
to have intelligent and spiritual young people. We can 
not provide for our young people socially unless we 

provide for them educationally, also. We can not 
provide for them either socially or educationally unless 
we, at the same time, provide physical recreation for 
them. If we would have the strongest possible rural 
community, we must give, along with the two, good 
physical recreation. 'Tis true, the country boy and 
girl get physical development without athletics, but 
they do not get the association with their fellows 
which they demand. 

Why do many of our boys go to town at least two 
nights out of every week and while there, spend many 
hours in the poolroom environment? Simply because 
they demand recreation and association, and as we do 
not furnish the good and pure for them, they take 
whatever else they can get. How many, many of our 
boys and girls go to town and partake of the vices 
and sins, so prevalent in our towns, just because we 
are too thoughtless, too miserly, and too void of Chris- 
tianity, to provide a place in the country where they 
can get a good education, good physical recreation, 
and clean associates, which are sure to aid in spiritual 
growth. Good physical recreation given, in connec- 
tion with a good education, in a rural community 
center, would go far toward meeting our social de- 

We can not hope to have a strong rural church until 
the laity is made to realize that its interests are in the 
country and that the country boy and girl must, and by 
rights ought to have, in rural environment, as good 
educational and recreational advantages as the city 
boy and girl. 

You who are willing to send your boys and girls to 
town to school, would you rather throw these boys and 
girls into the severe temptations which they must meet 
in town, and run the great risk of sacrificing their 
moral and spiritual growth, than to provide the fi- 
nances necessary to get the same educational advan- 
tages in your own community, where their characters 
would be safe because their associates would be purer? 
Would our rural community not be much stronger 
and our young people better prepared to meet the 
problems of life, if we could keep our boys and girls 
in the country, and single, until they are mature young 
men and women? And can we not keep them thus 
by providing for them a better and more extended 
education, thereby keeping them busily engaged in 
school work until they have passed through that criti- 
cal age through which all young people pass? 

A rural community, whose adults have had the ad- 
vantages of an extended education and the special 
training which always goes with the same, would have 
no social problems to solve, provided this education 
were obtained under the proper moral and spiritual 

Now, how can we change from our present state to 
such ideal conditions as we have just described? 

First, the retiring farmers must remain in the coun- 
try and keep their capital in the country. How can 
our rural communities be at their best so long as the 
retired farmers move to town and then press their 
tenants for high rent, investing this money elsewhere, 
rather than in their farm locality, and in the improve- 
ment and upkeep of their farm? Under present con- 
ditions the retired farmer simply drains the rural com- 
munity of the capital which should be used in its de- 

Again; if we would solve our rural problems, those 
who are moving to town, in order to give their chil- 
dren a good education, must remain in the country and 
turn their efforts and means toward securing these' 
educational advantages in their own community. 
Those who have children who will soon need these 
same opportunities, should begin at once to work for 
better schools. 

Yet another step toward the ideal could be made 
by a change in our system of renting. If we would 
have the aid of our renters in building up our commu- 
nity, our landlords must give longer time leases. Some 
one has said: "If the country community demands a 
ministry with a five-year program, it surely needs a 
tenant with a ten-year lease." 

Fellow-laymen, come, let us be in real earnest about 
this great question of our social need, for it most cer- 
tainly is our Christian duty to solve this problem and 
to begin at once. We have already lost many souls 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 

for Christ because we have been negligent in this im- 
portant work. 

Grundy Center, Iowa. 


the > 


At our late members' meeting the Sunday-school was 
reorganized, with Sister J. B. Kindell as superintendent. 
A Christian Workers' Meeting was also organized, with 
Sister E. S. Miller, president. Sister Gleniia Crumpacker 
was elected church correspondent and "Messenger" 
agent. The care of the church has been left to the elders 
jointly, viz., Eld. J. H. Garst and the writer. We also 
have a Sisters' Aid Society, and prayer meeting each 
Thursday evening. 

At this writing there are a few more than forty mem- 
bers in town, and a number of others are coming. They 
are here mainly for the winter season, — several of them 
having good homes in town. Eld. A. B. Barnhart, of Ha- 
gerstown, Md., accompanied by his daughter, Susie, is with 
us. Eld. A. Leedy and wife, of Leedy, Okla., spent two 
weeks in Sebring, and while here Bro. Leedy preached 
twice. They went from here to Eustis, to assist in the 

We are looking for Eld. J. A. Dove and family, of Clo- 
verdale, Va., this week. Eld. A. C. Wieand and wife, of 
Bethany Bible School, are to come later. Eld. J. R. 
Leatherman, wife and daughter, of Virginia, motored over 
from Wabasso, on the east coast of our State, and were 
with us over last Sunday, Bro. Leatherman preaching in 

er significance to the world, if backed up with some prac- 
tical work (James 2: 14-26). 

On New Year's Eve about fifty of our members and 
friends came into our home and pleasantly surprised us. 
They remembered us with many useful gifts, which we 
appreciated very much. While this helped us in a ma- 
terial way, it helped us even more spiritually, as it ex- 
pressed their gratitude for our labors. 

Such an appreciation would be a good thing for other 
churches. It will make your pastor feel that you are in- 
terested in him, and also enable him to do better work. 

In spite of the severity of the weather on the first two 
Sundays of this year, our attendance at Sunday-school 
was unusually good. Yesterday, Jan. 13, at our regular 
services, we enjoyed a blessing that will long be remem- 
bered in the Portland church. Wc are surely having an 
awakening here in this community. At the close of the 
morning services an invitation was given, and two young 
ladies and a young man gave their hearts to Jesus. 

of the sermon, when seven more accepted Christ as their 
Savior, making in all ten converts for the day. We ex- 
pect to receive others soon, as many more are almost 
persuaded. We can not but feel that the Lord is with us 

We Tieartily invite brethren, who are contemplating a 
change of location, to come to Portland. If you are a 
farmer, we have good farming land, and if a laborer, we 
have five or six factories, employing from thirty to three 
hundred men each. If you wish to retire, we have a nice 
little city, with, perhaps, 8,000 population,— this being the 
county seat of Jay County. We will be glad to hear 
from any one desiring to locate here. B. D. Hirt, 

the m 


ng. He thinks of 


UK at 





v Sunday-school 





= ted 

all but the varn 



now, w 

th a good 



oom, and these t 

wo St 



rooms, we 

feel quite 

well equipped for 

our u 


We ar< 


the se 

es of Bro. Dove in 

a rei 

ival r 


The date 

of our 


e feast, planned for Februarj 

has nc 

t yet been 



determined upon. 



i dozen 




he winter at othe 


ts, ha 

ve rece 

ltly visited 

us, at 

d o 

f the number we 


ion the mini 

sters only. 

viz.. Eld. 

Isaac Frantz and 


and Eld. Da 

liel Cham- 



latter from Middleton, 




on, for six weeks 

the i 


r has b 

een unusu- 

ally c 


For Florida, but s 

o far 

no harm whatever has 


to the citrus trees or 

ruit i 

u this 


the State. 



Fla., Jan. 14. 

J. H 


I think that we, as a church,' should see to it that our 
young brethren are given the proper papers which they 
have need of, before coming to Camp. Some of our peo- 
ple have only their church certificate, while some have 
certificate and form No. 143, and some others have form 
No. 174. The latter, as I understand, with church certif- 

One of our brethren is over in the brigade yet. He says 
that they refuse to recognize his papers, that he has been 
roughly treated and that he has been forced" to drill. 

Quite a number of our people have accepted the uniform, 
but we are not required to wear it. Only three or four 
have refused the uniform entirely. 

All we need to do is to show firmly where we stand and 
that we also have our papers to show that the church 
stands back of us if we live faithful to the Gospel of Christ. 

We often are asked questions which seemingly are hard 
to answer, regarding our faith, and we have to be careful 
in all things, so that the light of Christ can shine through 
us. We have been deprived of our ministers, through some 
unknown cause, for three weeks, and we are anxiously 
waiting to know how the church is going to stand on the 
questions pertaining to war. Whatever is done, we ask 
that the church may stand unitedly. 

One of the Mennonite boys is in a guard-house at pres- 
ent, with the charge of being a "leader," against him. 


E. Frick. 

C/o Base Hospital, Camp She 

, Ohio, Jan. 13. 

The South Portland church at present is truly enjoy- 
ing a season of prosperity. The Sunday-school report of 
1917 shows a decided increase over the work of the previ- 
ous year, while our midweek prayer meeting and our 
Christian Workers' Society are in a flourishing condition. 
The cradle roll and home department are increasing in 
numbers and interest. At the present time we have 
thirty-five members on the Home Department. 

As wc enter the work of the New Year, we are deter- 
mined, through the direction of our Heavenly Father, to 
have a front line Sunday-school. The Christian Workers' 
Society has some definite plans for the coming year, such 
as placing the "Gospel Messenger" and Bibles in our 
public library, hotels and non-Christian homes. 

We have planned to make this year one of real prac- 
tical service for the Master. We believe that our ser- 
mons, prayers, songs, testimonies, and even our simple 
attire will all mean more, reach farther, and carry a deep- 


Do you feel the effect of the war, brother, sister? Has 
the war touched your home and caused some of the joys 
of life to depart? 

With the coldest winter in years, the highest prices on 
staple articles in a half century, and more sad firesides 
than one can count, the year 1918 has been ushered in. 
Kansas City, for some time, has willingly observed 
"wheatless" and "meatless" days, and in many homes 
"heatless" days, though very unwillingly. The coal sup- 
ply has been short, causing much suffering. 

Today, in one home, they had coal to do till tomorrow 
about nine or ten o'clcok, if they let their fire die out 
during the night and rekindle it in the morning. Several 
little children are in this home— our Sunday-school schol- 
ars. The mother is endeavoring to do her best, toiling 
early and late, but the coal man says: "Sorry, lady, but 
we can give you no coal on time before Friday or Satur- 
day." (It was Tuesday then.) 

A dollar, given by some good, earnest heart in the coun- 
try, made it possible to keep the fires burning, little bodies 
wanned, and hearts made lighter. Brother, sister, you 
would want no greater blessing than to see the joy in the 
faces of those children and the mother. 

Another home was made happy where sickness had 
entered. The doctor and medicine had taken all of the 
husband's money, till the wife was better, and able to take 
care of the one-year-old baby. The husband ate dry bread 
and drank coffee for breakfast, worked all day without a 
lunch, and in the evening, when he came home, his repast 
was a cup of coffee and an onion. A neighbor woman, 
with three small children, one of whom was ill, brought 
them in some nourishing food, which she could hardly 
spare, for her husband has poor health. He is, however, 
doing whatever work he can, while his wife tries to help 
by taking in washing. 

In another home helped, a young man was drafted,— 
the only support. The little he is able to send back to his 
aged parents is used to pay the rent, while they try, in 
every way, to keep the "wolf of hunger" from the door. 

Other homes were helped, but these are given that the 
good hearts, whom the Lord prompted to give for the 
suffering and the needy of Kansas City, might know that 
their gifts have served their purpose. May the Heavenly 
Father, the Giver of all gifts, richly bless those who gavel 

At present we have turned some away because we were 
unable to help, and the specific clothes needed were not 
in stock. Then, too, we lacked the necessary money. 

Will you not unite your hearts with ours in prayer 
that out of these trying times many may turn to the Lord, 
their God, and seek him while he may be found? 

Norman and Artie Conover. 

6238 Hughe Street, Kansas City, Mo., Jan. 15. 


Another Christmas season has gone into history, with 
its joys and sorrows in the midst of world trouble. Our 
Sunday-school, with a wide-awake superintendent, his as- 
sistant, and a committee, began the preparation for a 
Christmas program in plenty of time. The service was 
held on Thursday evening, Dec. 27. The decorations were 
neat, modest and tasteful, and the special music, recita- 
tions and class exercises were in keeping with our pro- 
fession of simplicity, as well as in keeping with joy and 
gladness in the celebration of the birth of the Holy Child 

The primary department gave an exercise, entitled: "A 
Visit to Grandma and Aunt Polly, Down on the Farm on 
Christmas." This was a scene true to life. "Grandma" 
and "Aunt Polly" did their part well, and it is needless 
to say that the children carried their part out to perfec- 
tion. The story of the Babe of Bethlehem was given in 
song and class exercise. A treat was given to the primary 
and intermediate classes. An offering of $20.60 was taken 
for the Armenian sufferers. The program was pronounced 
the best that was ever rendered at this place. Quite a 
number came over from the Woodberry church. 

We met in council Jan. 6, at 2: 30 P. M., with our elder, 
Bro. W. E. Roop, presiding. In the absence of our 
church clerk, who has been called to serve his country, 
Bro. Roy Grossnickle was elected to that position for the 
coming year. All committees reported favorably. Bro. 
Roop was chosen elder for another year. Much work has 
been accomplished during the last year, — especially since 
Bro. A. L. B. Martin came to us as a shepherd and pastor. 
One letter was received. Our pastor is a wide-awake 
teacher, as well as a preacher, and each Wednesday even- 
ir* o'clock, he takes up Bible Study on the Life of 



728 Cumberland Street, 

:, Md., Jan. IS. 



Dec. 16, 1917, the new churchhouse of the Smith Fork 
congregation, near Plattsburg, Mo„ was dedicated. This 
day will be a memorable one in the minds and hearts of 
the members and friends of the congregation. 

Six months ago, June 1, the old church building, which 
has done service for this congregation for the past fifty 
years, and was the first church erected by our people in 
Missouri, was torn down and replaced by the present com- 
modious new one, modern in every respect. It will fill the 
present needs of the Sunday-school and congregation. 

The new church building is 36x56 feet in size, and well 
arranged for all purposes. The main auditorium, on the 
first floor, is 36x42 feet in size, and will seat 500. Aside 
from this, and opening into it, arc five Sunday-school 
rooms,— two being on the first floor and three in a bal- 
cony. These can all be thrown into the main auditorium, 
when needed. From the large entrance room, a stairway 
leads to the balcony. An annex, off the pulpit, serves as 
a consultation room and as a place for ministers' wraps, 

A large basement under the entire building is arranged 
for communion services, social gatherings, and Sunday- 
school rooms. It comprises, at present, a large auditorium, 
a well-equipped kitchen (with water inside), and other 
small rooms, which will be used for Sunday-school pur- 

The building is heated by a hot air furnace, and is well 
lighted by a "Free Light System," throughout. 

This splendid, commodious house of worship compares 
favorably with any church in the county and was made 
possible by the cooperation and liberality of the members 
of this church. A great many friends of the community 
also assisted. Several splendid donations were received 
from distant friends, who are interested in the work at 
this place. 

The dedicatory services opened with the regular morn- 
ing Sunday-school session, followed by congregational 
singing. A Scripture lesson was-read by Eld. J. S. Kline, 
of North St. Joseph, who has filled an appointment once 
each month, almost regularly, for the past few years. 
Prayer was offered by Bro. Chas. Miller, of South St. 
Joseph, who is our District Mission worker of Northern 

Following this, an address, giving a short history of the 
church and its first organization at this place, was de- 
livered by Eld. D. D. Sell— the only living charter mem- 
ber of the church. He presided over the services of the 

An anthem, " Rejoice in the Lord," was sung by an 
octet. Then followed the dedicatory address by Dr. D. 
W. Kurtz, of McPherson, Kans., who brought a splendid, 
soul-inspiring message to the appreciative audience, his 
topic being: "What It Means to Build a Christian 
Church." The Scripture lesson was read from Luke 4: 18: 
"The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath 
anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath 
sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance 
to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to 
set at liberty them that are bruised." 

At the close of the morning service a Thanksgiving, 
offering, deferred until this date, was lifted. It amounted 
to $65.54, and was sent to the Armenian Relief Fund. 

After the morning services a basket dinner,— purposely 
limited to a simple meal,— was served in the basement, 
where every one enjoyed a social hour together. Services 
were continued in the afternoon. The program consisted 
of congregational singing and a number of short ad- 
dresses by visiting ministers. 

Following this was the Building Committee's report, 
given by the treasurer. This showed that the building 
was erected at a cost of $8,000 in money, labor, and some 
old material used. This leaves a balance in the treasury 
of $300. Thus the building was dedicated free of debt, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 

with a surplus in the treasury. Carpet, curtains, etc., were 
provided by the Ladies' Aid Society. 

Many useful men and women have gone out from thi? 
congregation during the past fifty years. With new ft 
ties, equipment and encouragement, 
tion has many advantages over th. 
We predict that, with the present 
talented young people, others from 1 
the State, will go out in lives of use 
and humanity, both at home and else 

Plattsburg, Mo. 


The Ministerial List in the 1918 Year Book cont 

names and addresses of 3,172 ministers. Of the! 

live elst of the Mississippi River, 959 live west 

mighty stream, and 66 ministers live in foreign c( 

■rls for the Madison house. During Christmas vncn- 
i-e.l liavtnK Bro. Clarence Eshelman, of McPheraon. 
istructor In Bible study. He gave lessons on First 
ind Paul's missionary Journeys. Each evening ho 
nterestlng find instructive sermon. Jan. 6 a special 
offering of ?. r >r>0 was taken for the Armenian suffererB. 



e present genera- 


of fo 

mcr years 



s and our 


r church of 


the church 
Ada Sell. 



>r wiis elected superintend- 

vlfe, formerly of Ohio, were 
ne other letter wns received. 
received Into the 1 

: of the bad ■ 
i this amount 

! present. More i 

= add- 

later.— Awllda Buck, Madison, Kans.. Jan. 20. 


lilting In 

ns the 
, 2,147 
if that 
id 923 

n Copp and Olho Ensley. Bro. Ensley 
and wife not being present, have not been Installed at this writing. 
Prior to our conncll, Bro. Moy Gwong, of North Manchester Col- 
lege gave us three exceHenl sermons. He expects to devote his 
life to the Chinese missionary cause. Sister Metzger also Bpoke 
to us nnd we received a broader view of the life of the mission- 
aries. Our Sunday-school will help to support a missionary In 
the foreign field. An offering wns also given for the relief of 
the Armenian sufferers. Two little girls from the Sunday-school 
have been baptized. Our first love feast in Kokomo wns held In 
the new church ]>■■•■ j. HH7, with l!m. Alien officiating. 

$11.05 for the Armenini 

our appointments havt 
vllle, Mich., Jan. 23. 

recalled.— Mary E. Teeter, Scott- 

Wortliiiigtnn.— Jan. 2 about eighty neighbors and friends gath- 
ered at the home of our elder, Bro. J. A. Eddy, nnd family, and 
gave them a very pleasant surprise. All brought well-filled 
baskets and a bountiful dinner was enjoyed together. In the 
afternoon the Christmas program was rehenrsed for the benefit 
of some of the members that could not be present when the pro- 
gram was given nt the church. Bro. Eddy wns presented with 

of the Ohio R 
between the Ohio and Mississippi River: 
ministers between the Mississippi River 
Mountains, and 269 west of the Rocky M 
svlvania has 518 ministers; Indiana, 358; Virginia, 312 
Ohio 271; Illinois, 214; Kansas, 212; California, 143; Wes 
Virginia 131 J Iowa, 117; Maryland, 116; Missouri, 88 
Michigan, 70; Oklahoma, 60; Washington, 52; Tenne: 
49; Nebraska, 44; Coloi 
41; and North Carolina, 40. 

The following is a list of tin 
twenty-four preachers. 

Leicester. Pa.. 75; Rockingham, Va„ 68; Los Angel- 

Ind!" 38;' McPheraon, Kans.. 37: Floyd. Va., 37; Carroll^ Md «■ 

desk for 


we nave ovu Howimi Count3 

nd the Rocky Our pnstor spc 

ns. Pe, 

Sunday nnd preached i 

the fuel adinini-trrit'w 
iday evening. We are 
the Lord. — Mrs. Anna 

He expects to hold 

, Minn., Jan 

nntel clock. 
?.re Is much slckni 
baptized Jan. 8.— Ruth Eddy, 

. 44; North Dakota, 42; Idaho, 

that have 

soon ns the weather moderates, lo make some alterations in our 
church, so that we can hold a communion this spring, and hope 

to hold a series of meeting pre ling the love feast, There is 

much work to be done, and we trust tlint each one will put his 
shoulder to the wheel nnd pull together this coming, year.— 
Florida ,T. E. Green. Box 12.1, Middletown, Ind., J an , 23. 

a very pleasant day togethei 


Worth in gtoi 

Mineral Creek. — Bro. Jnmes M. Mohler has been chosen ns elder 
for the new year; Bro. M. Neher continues as superintendent of 
the Sunday-school; Brethren Jesse H. Carvey, Jesse Sldwell and 
Mrs. Harry Freeman have charge of the three divisions of the 
Christian Workers' Societies. Our Sunday-school lias an enroll- 
ment of HO. with an average attendance of 10.">. The Interest is 
fine. The Graded Lessons have been used for some time, but 
we feel the need of more efficient teachers and better class-rooms. 
being procured ns fast ns possible. Jan. 20 Bro. Tlrgil 

C. Finnell, of Elgin, III., 

i with i 

t splendid 

, 40; Montgomery, 

Cednr church 

■ lf)18. Flndin 

19. The old officers 
had a little surplus i 

: Washington. Md.. 27; Cambria, 
Huntingdon, Pn., 2G; Franklin, Va., 25; Ml 
Elizabetbtown, Pa. 

a., 27; York, Pn., 20; 
mi. Ohio, 25. 
Edgar M. Hoffcr. 

Siindny-sehool I 




• afforded nn opportunity of hearing the Mount Morris 
'ho rendered a flue program of sacred music. The 
as Inclement, hence the nttondnnee was not so lnrge, 
s raised, Sunday morning. Pec. 23. we had our Christ- relief. On 
am, which wns well arranged. Jan. 6, tho time set 
ndnv-seboo] to lift nn offering for the starving Arme- 
; did not complete this work 

the i 

10:45 A. M., Building the Walls of 
2-30 P. M.. Our Business ns Sundi 
Miller. 3:15 P. M. 
Joint Meeting of Assoclntlo: 

; totaled ?75.— John Zuck, Cla: 

l Jan. 17 find : 

the Christian Work- 
ore and better work. 


t In council Jnn. 12. The very severe cold 
coming. The election of church officers 
aths. One letter of membership was re- dispensed with the usual Christmas 

Jll.n0, for 
iiiiksKiving un offering of $211.05 wns lifted for for- 
,— Mrs. Chnlmer Barley. Froid, Mont, Jan. 10. 

Emlors.— We met in special council Jan. 10, with Eld. I. C 
Snavelv presiding. Our new pastor. Eld. F. E. Miller, formerly 
of Bangor, Mich., was chosen ns elder for this year. 


M.. Sermon— The Gr. 

,d Chr: 
Teacher. — J. E. ' 

: 45 P. life. Our church 

: 30 A. M., Chapel 
— F. F. Holsopple. 

JO: 00 A. M., Address to the Instl- 

j A. M., Use nnd Abuse of Lesson 

Helps. J. E. Miller. "^O^- M ' ' '''.""iti»'i '"' T '"^~^ 88 ol% 
son Helps.— J. E. Mi 
* Shumaker. 

and community will be made better by his be- 
G. W. Buntnin, of Wenn tehee, Wash., preached 
Dec. 30. We nre now using " Kingdom Songs 

dees. We meet Thursday evening of each week. 

elder for 
his family with us to help i 
. S. Sharpe was reelected Sunday-school 
irry Van Dyke, Christian Workers' presi- 
depurtment superintendent nnd " Messen- 

P. M., The Open 

: 40 P. M., The World's 

program on Sunday evening. Felt. 10.— Elsie A 
Jan. 22. 

Pralrlo City church Is still receiving a fe- 
ttle holidays the Mount Morris Mule Quartet 
dny evening, Jan. 20, Instead of our usual 
Meeting, we received n promising young mai 
baptism, after which Bro. B. F. Buckingham 
for thought and spiritual growth. We ar 
grenter things from God the coming year. 
City, Iowa, Jan. 22. 

lurch by ing, 

superintendent; Br 
dent; the writer, h 
ger " corresponded 
Is conducting a five weeks' sinciue ehiss here and in a neighbor- 
ing community on alternate nights. His work is very Interesting: 
as well as instructive. We are using " Kingdom Songs No. 2."— 
(Miss) Verna A. Cooney, Enders, Nebr., Jan. 24. 

Notice.— The Alvo congregation of Alvo, Cass Co., Nebr., de- 
sires to communicate through Its euimnittee, with a minister (nn 
elder) who desires to change Ideation, and will accept a partial 
simnort. We want some one who Is willing to do some farm- 
as some other occupation. Any brother who will 

getting ready for 

Workers.— Mies Shorn. 
Fletcher. 8:00 P. M.. 

0:30 A. M., Chap.-l 
the India Field- 


■ church met In members' 
n presiding. Bro. C. W. 

i cho: 

Holsopple. 10: 

„:20 A. M., The Forward elected to arra 

00 P M.. Fundamental Teaching of Five letters of 

i. 2:40 P. M- Keeping Up the Tone Bro. S. J. He 

Miller. 3:20 P. M.. Home Life of absence will_ t 

icors were elected, 
ge for a series of n 
uemberBhlp were re. 

keenly felt. We ? 

■ school nnd Christian Work- 
A committee of three wns 
leetlngs, to be held this year. 
delved and four were granted. 
re lenving this place. Their 
re emergln 

Fletcher. 8:00 1 

cises. 10:00 . 

'o attacked by this 

for further duty. Our 

closed for some "weeks. — E. Earl_ 

Bnrnhnrt, R. D. 1, Overbrook, Kons., Jan. 23. 

de Instruction. Frwlonia church assembled in council Jnn. 19, with Eld. R. W. 

Sermon. — J. E. Quakenbush presiding. Our regular Decembe: 

: of the 1 

.--ehOOl . 

:00 P. M., Sermon,— Bel- 

e elected 

i". Quakenbush was retained ns 
elected Sunday-school super In- 
of three members was elected, 
fter the pastoral and ev:ingfli^(ie 
rs are: Brethren Clark Ulricli, 

Relief Flind- 

of the Sermon. bush, R. I 
-P. H. Bowman. indenent 

Threefold Preparation.— J. E. Miller. wjt|] , M 

afternoon, Jan. 20. 


Pecos Valley.— We met In special session Jnn. 10 for the elec- 
tion of a deacon. Bro. W. R. Hornbaker was elected. The 
quarterly collection wns also taken, which amounted to $124.55. 
Owing to bad weather, we closed the revival meetings on Mon- 
day night, Jan. 21. Bro. Lapp gave us ten spiritual sermons. 
Two confessed Christ. The love feast, held Saturday night, was 
well attended. Fourteen partook of the Lord's Supper. We were 
glad to have Bro. Snndv. of Missouri, with us during a part of 
the meetings. He was here visiting his daughter— Mrs. There. J. 
Reed. Dexter, N. Mex„ Jan. 22. 


Black Swamp church Just closed a two weeks' series of meet- 
ings conducted bv Bro. C. W. Stut/.man, of Metnmorn, Ohio. He 
began the meetings Jan. C and closed on the evening of Jan. 20. 
He visited In a number of the homes of the community. We have 
been grcatlv encouraged and strengthened. Sunday morning, 
after the regular Suiid» v-sehool. he gave a very Interesting talk 
to the children. Dec. 23 we enjoyed n short Christmas ] 
bv our Sunday-school scholars. — Ella 
bridge, Ohio, Jan. 22. 

Chippewa church met in council at the East house Nov. 10, Bro. 
Howard H. Helman, moderator. Four were received by letter. 
An oWHon was held for a deacon,— adjoining Elders A. I. 
id D. M. Brubnker being present. Bro. John Burk- 
reelected Suiidav-sriiool superintendent. Nov. 11 Sis- 
Emma Robrer. of Akron. Ohio, gave the Sunday-school 

R. D. 1, Wal- 

BeatltudeB— J. 

Blood.— J. E. 

Joint Meeting 
the Price,— J. 

8:00 P. 

. Model Young Man.— J. E. 

Saturday, February 9 
pel Exercises. 10:30 A. M.. Testing the Ser- 
11:15 A. M., Our India Workers— Miss Shii- 
., Student Volunteer Program. 3:00 P. M., 
-Miss Shumaker. 7:30 P. M., Bible Instruc- 
nn. 7:15 P. M.. Sermon,— The Language of 

. M., Sunday schnol. 

)y ns elder since Jan. 1, 1010. The writer was eh 
correspondent: Bro. Wm. Dyer, Sunday-school 
Bro. W. E. Bnrrnuciis. [.resident of Christian 
Christian Workers' Society will help support a 
India. We decided to place electric lights in th 
series of meetings for the coming fall will be hel 
by one of tho Bethany Bf 

: In splendid 

Eagle Creek.— Our 

nnd continued until 

cold and 

scholars received their 

of the larger scholars 

for being at Sundny-school 

,„ taken for the Armenian sufferers. At the 
one scholar wns received into the church- 
Sterling, Ohio, Jan. 21. 

■leB of meetings began on Sunday, Dec. 23. 

— Pelln Carson, R. D. 2, 

; almost ini|H";-ili|e ( 

, 20. Owing to the intensc- 

> cordially Invited and urged to attend. 

College dining hall, 2o 

Brubaker nbly 

i bring the meetim 

For further information addn 

Ridge College, 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

walks covered ' 

Kans., Jan. 18. 

Morrill church lifted 
wards of $32, the sam 
Mission Board to the 
Maxcy. Box 208, Morrill 

Verdigris church met 

took up a collection of J3.30 nnd 
Hutchinson Mission. Our boys 
agram on Sunday before Chrlst- 
e elected for the next six months, 
lerintendetit— Purnie Smith, Gove, 

rings recently, amounting to up- 
forwarded through the General 
on sufferers.— Sister Delilah A. 

ncil Dec. 27, with our elder, Bro. 

us reelected as elder for another 
chool superintendent: Sister 

half nnd against condl 
celved much good fn 
Hlcksvllle, Ohio, Jan. 

Middletown. — Sunday 
were registering 

-V. Q. Klllian, 


i pastor, i 

Sunday-school. After the 1 

Only twenty-eight l 

, by 

. derided ' 

This i 


. members in the city having 
church, and a number living 
than six ml lee out in the country, 
reased during the cold weather. 
;ive nny information In regard 
siding here, who might 

quite n dlstnm 

■ attendance has de- 
ire those who could 
members or nonmemhers re- 
interested in church work, plena* 

If there i 

rlt« ■'"«,- notify the write, by giving num. ..a ft.ll «"'™ «, J"'^': 

Bender" agent and corre«pondent for the country house, and Sis- John Elkenberry, 1208 Grand Avenue, 

Middletown, Ohio, Jan. 22. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 


Antelope Valley church met In council Jan 
Cook presiding. He i 


i elected elder for the ensuing 
'spoudent and " Messenger " agent; ; 
dinger, Sunday-school superintendent; Paul Schnaltbmnnn, Chris- 
tian Workers' president. We recently sent an offering of 54 foi 
Armenian and Syrian Relief. — Mrs. Grade Underwood, It. D. 4 
Billings, Okla., Jon. 16. 

Erratum. — There was a misprint In the report from the Wash 
jta congregation. Bro. A. L. Boyd was elected elder for the 
ing year, Instend of B; 

r of aprons find fancy articles fur our white sale. Money 
I over from last year, $17.69; free-will offerings, $24.73; 
ay offerings, $13.03; donations, $2.80; prayer-coverings, 
from meals at Bible class and sale, $141.35; from white 
:29.23; for other articles sold, $51.80; from Barren Ridge 
,-, $3.50; from Beovwr Creek Society for vanlllii, $9.50; mak- 
" """0.18 for the year. Expenditures during (lie year: 

Dlllie Moore t 

.02 for helping ; 

; $5 i 

Scholarship i 

slon Board, $15; 

H. B. 

-Pearl Wiltfong, Cordell, 

native worker in India; 

$50 for Mary Helm, $2.50; 

Okln., Jan. 


tnrer. came to us Jan. 12 
organized a Mission Study Class. 
for ihe India 

H. Eby, returned missionary and lec- 
1 addresses. He 
$16.81 i 

splendid nddr 
offering of $16.81 was taken 
. Our church was made to see their duty 
i missions as never before, Jan. 20 our Sunday-school decided 
to support a native worker on the India mission field, and set 
apart the first Sunday of each month for missionary collections. 
Our Missionary Committee is: Bro. Loren Prentice, president; 
Sister Anna Ford, secretary; Sister Marie Booze, treasurer.— 
Mary E. Prentice, Aline, Okla., Jon, 21. 


Annvllle. — Bro. Hiram Kaylor, of Rheems, Pa., opened a series 
of meetings at the South Annvllle church Dec. 30, which closed 
Jan. 13. He gave us seventeen Gospel .sermons, which have been 
very helpful to us. Two confessed Christ. On Sunday, Jan. 0, 
an offering of $142 was lifted in our Sunday-school for the Ar- 
menian and Syrian sufferers. — Fnnnie Krelder, R. D. 4, Lebanon, 
Pa., Jan. 18. 

: reorganized our Christian Workers' Meet- 
Mabel Book as president. We have preaching t 

fee to the General Aid Society; $24.07 
College Hospital, leaving a balance of $24.18 in the treasury. Of- 
ficers elected for IMS: Sister Katie Cline, President; Sister Bar- 
bara Thomas, Vice-President; Sister Lizzie Thomas, Secretary; 
surer; Sister Kate Good. Cho " 
Jnry Click, Superintendents.— 
iiridgewater, Vn., 
CANTON CENTER, OHIO.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society 
for 1017: Number of meetings held, twenty-one; average at- 
tendance, twelve. Received from membership fees and donations, 
$50.17. We made forty-seven prnycr-covorlngs, forty-eight bon- 
nets, seven aprons, ten comforts, and quilted seven quilts. Also 

sold L goods nnd vanilla. Total amount received, $105.57. 

Amount paid out for material, $07.04. We hnd on hand, at the 
beginning of I Uo year 1IH7, $17.18. Total amount given for charity 
work, $20,28; for church carpet and repair work, $SS.07. We sent 
a box to Chicago Mission, valued at $12, also $5 In money; knot- 
ted comforts a day for a sister. 

e of t 

uaterial for thn 

ed to Sister Rebecca Spltzi 

i District Mis- 
' Home at Tlmberville, Va., $5; Bro. 
_ , $32; shoes for Sister Bunch, $1.7.'); 
ro uro. Yoder, $5. We paid $2.25, to send the Messenger to several 
families. Total expenditures, $0-l.S2. Inning a balance in the 
treasury of $10.02. The Aid Society and, friends subscribed $108 

for the Mary Qulnter Jin -in I Hospital Fund, to be paid in two 

years,— 1017 nnd 1018. We paid $75 this year. The remainder Is to 
be paid next year. Officers for the ensuing year: Sister Rebecca 
President; Sister Nannie Humbert, Vice-President ; 

-Barbara E. Norford, Fort Defiance, 

tors' Aid Society for the year 1017: Number of half-day meet- 
ings held, twenty-nine; nveroge attendance of members, thirteen; 
visitors, nineteen; number of memory verses in response to roll 
call, 312. Sold during the year: Twenty-nine sun-bonnets, twenty 
aprons, four quilts, one comfort, six clothes-pin bags, thirteen 
I) room -hugs, four dust-caps, three slocking -bugs, and five sun- 
shades. We have nt our disposal, at the present time, five com- 
forts, one com fort- top nnd other articles. Expenditures: For 
$01.03; electric fan for the church, $12.60; 

.Manchester College, 

: $4; 

weeks, Sunday 
our minister, 
green and our organized class bus a class meeting i 

Wednesday * 

nlng in 1 

I of I 


1 spile 


Secretary and Treasurer, Sister 

: Louisville, nine, 

of the cold weather and drifted roads, the attend 
terest are good. Instead ot giving the children the usual Christ- 
mas treat, we decided to give the amount to the suffering Ar- 
menians. This, together with an offering, amounted to $30. — Janet 
B. Book, Spruce Hill, Pa., Jan. 21. 

Germantown church met in council Jan. 7, with our elder, Bro. 
M. C. Swlgart, presiding. All church nnd Sunday -school officers 

.....! elected for the year. An auxiliary 
been organized here, with a membership of 
fifty-five. On Monday evening and Tuesday 

Red ' 

of I 

week the meetings 

M. Jacoby, 7113 Boyer Sti 
Huntingdon church ha: 
ing the last few weeks, 
ington, Ohio, came to u 

made glad to se 
i Christ. Most of them ho 
•e being made to baptiz 

Ladles' Aid Rooms of tko 
nd encouraging results. — (Mrs,) Iva 
Mt. Airy, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 17. 
1 a season of spiritual uplift dur- 
. Geo. W. Flory and wife, of Cov- 
n. 3. They, with the help of our 
;tve members of the congregation, 

fifty-three people 
e been baptized, a 

Rachel Mohr 
Jan. 10. 

ELKHART VALLEY, IN D.— The following Is the report of our 
Sisters' Aid Society from Jan. 1, 1917, to Jan. 1, 1018; We have 
a roll call of twenty-four members nnd an average of twelve 
members; visitors, forty-nine. Due.s received, $27.85; donations, 
$5.36. Our work consisted of quilting, making comforts and piec- 
ing blocks. We sold and worked up twenty-tour yards of cover- 
ing goods and many other articles. We donated $100 towards 
remodeling our church; $10 to the wife of the minister who con- 
ducted our revival meetings; a dress to a sister who hod a loss 
by fire; $5 to the Qninter Memorial Fund; donated a day's work 
" to each of our ministers' wives eoch year; sent flowers to the 
sick. We served two sale dinners, clearing $35.05; received $173.- 
70, including $07.05 from last year. Our total expenses were 
$155.05, leaving a balance of*$17.Sl. The following o sheers were 
elected for the coming year: 1're.sldent, Sister Ly.lln Kulp; Vice- 
President, Sister Alice Keucaga ; Treasurer, Sister Lydla ~ 
Secretary, Sister I' 

the Chicngo Mission, 

valued at $20. We donated four hall-days' work, at which time 
wo mado thirty-eight garments and one comfort. Cash donated 
to Individuals, here and elsewhere, $8. Receipts for the year: 
Membership fees, $37.61; article* sold, $53.06; donations, $4.35; 
total, $05.05. Expenditures, $$2.23; cash on hand to date. $13.62; 
bnlonce on hand Horn last year, $26.3$; total to date, $39.00. Jan. 
3 wc reorganized as follows: ITeddonl, Sister A. Laura Apple- 
mnn; Vice-President, Sister [lortha George; Superintendent, Sis- 
ter Ann PfelflVr; Assistant .Superintendent, Sister Boon; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, the writer; Assistant. Slater Nettle Lehman, 
We nlso adopted a new system of giving. We will meet every 

>.— The following Is a report of i 

Society for the y 
attendance, twelvl 
lego to quilt. The following donatio 

Kulp.— Sadie Stauffer, R. D. 


manifested by 
weather, there were good 
Sundny evening, Jnn, 
nnd death claimed one of ( 



Lord for the work of the H 
J. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, 

Johnstown (Moxham Chui 
Bro. J. C. Flora, preached 


We praise the 
ly Spirit on the unsaved. — Eleanor 
a., Jan. 26. 

h).— Sunday, Jan. 13, 
n the subject of " Faith 

elder Of the Moxham church 

arate organization, but it has not yet been approved by D 
Meeting. On the same date five were received by letter 
have recently organized a Mission Study Class of fourteen 
second year teacher-training class of eight 

-Following Is the report of the Sisters' Aid 
Society, which was organized June 27, 1017: We held twelve meet- 
ings,— two in private homes. The total attendance was 103, bv- 
erage attendance eight. We quilted one quilt, made six com- 
forters, forty-four bonnets, thirty aprons, fourteen dresses nnd 
sewed for different ones seven days, charging $1 per day. Total 
amount of money received, $100.12. Money paid out during the 
six months, $77.72,— $10.20 being for cement walks on church 
property; $2.00 for dishes; $2.10 for oilcloth on kitchen tables; 
also ono ton of cool. The following officers were elected: Ada- 
line Wise, President; Sister Dumbauld, Vice-President; Sister 
nankins, Secretary and Treasurer; Sister Mead, Overseer.— Onn 

, Hurshberger 1 
We have effected i 

elected Stevens, .W 


William Parks, 310 Park Avenue, Johnstown, Pa., Jan 16. 
aster— Our church met In council Jan. 2, with Eld. H. B. 

Three letters a 

Martin Ebersole ; 

In charge for three ye; 

Bible In! 

granted. Bro. Omar Witn- 

slx months; Bro. . 

Elders H. S. Sono 
Bro. Yoder was elected 
decided to hold 

ceived by letter; 

gave an interesting rep 
l part as follows: Thli 
te baptized fourteen; i 
(Continued on Page & 

Ma - 


ALLISON PRAIRIE, ILL.— The following 
Aid Society commencing Jan. 1, 1917, and 
One all-day and eleven half-day meetings 

average at leudii nee of twelve. We SerV~ J " 

Ing to $8.35. Paid $8 for coal for the 

pieces Of clothing. Total receipts for th 


Oirard play- 
3 and other articles for the church, 
<s for parsonage, $1.50; paid $10 on 
linen, presented to Sister Rede 

vers held, with 

sale lunch, amoui 

urch; $2 t 

Bought towels, pans, 
imountlng to $6; window- 
pastor's salary; $2.50 for 

$ 1.50 ; 

r Society i 

, $3; for Christmas 

easury for 1918. Ne 

.Sister Elvla Miller; 
rlter wns reelected i 


, Vlncennes, Ind., 


,„ , Louise Relchnrd, President; Sister Kntle 

I'ahriiev, Vice-President; the writer Secretary; Sister Lera Miller, 
Treasurer.— Sister Mamie Crone, Hagerstown, Md., Jan. 12. 

JOHNSTOWN, PA. (Sell Street Church).— During 1017 we held 


)-pin aprons, four 


pi two nightgowns nnd eighteen 
„ed seven afternoons' work, nlso 
someVlothVnVfor'Yhe needy; paid $5 to the Mary Qulnter Hos- 
pital Fund; paid out for materials and donations, $31.75. He- 
eelved for collections and articles sold. $36.20. We rejected of- 
ficers for 101$ as follows; Sister J. W. Harnett, President; Sister 
McGraw Vice-President; the writer. Secretary and Treasurer.— 

officers foi 

, Bandon, Oregon, Jan. 16. 

BEAR CREEK, OHIO— Report of the Aid Society for the year 

ending Dec. 1, 1017: We have on enrollment of twenty-six mem- 
bers. We held six all-day meetings and nineteen afternoon" meet- 
ings with an average attendance of nine. Receipts for ---■■■ 
were $gn.84. The society donated 1 
slating of about fifty-one nrticles, 

of clothing, 

slon, Chic 

and $1 

> sufferers; glnglu 
i comfort to a family, whose ho; 
pledged $100 to the Mary Qulnter Memr, 

i destroyed by I 

tide t 

eleven quilts 

Into the Hastings Street box 

i-bonnets. three ( 

I but n few th 

rrled > 

present. Officers for 
ugh, President; Sister 
,„j-President; the writer, Secretary and Treasurer. 
-Mrs. Samuel C. Hudson, R. D- 2, New Lebanon, Ohio. Jan. \z. 
BRIDGE WATER, VA.— Report of the Aid Societyfor the year 
1017: We hnve an enrollment of forty-eight, 

i for the needy i 

Ella Dlehl, 

the ; 


• made eight sheets 

■ lost < 


• by death, 
and f 

„__ half day, fixing bedclothes for 
four comforts and plecefl i 
hundred ] 

college hospital; canned 111 half-gallons 
for the college tables; sewed 
the college bed: 
tops; made mor 

and made quite 

r-coveringa, and a large 

umber of meetings, eleven; 
meeting held at Blue Ridge C 

).— During 1017 wo held fifty-one nll-< 

d have two on hnnd ; made twenty com- 
nnets, twenty-eight aprons, twelve pil- 
; sewed twenty-seven pounds of carpet 
$1.70. We sold three pairs of 

ited ono tablecloth, valued at $3; paid to former 
on church debt, $50; purchased a step-ladder and 
r use In the church. $2; leaving $24 in the treasury. 
r officers were elected: Sister Nancy Witmore. Presi- 

, for work, except during 

Money, paid out for charitable purpose 

to a sister; $5 for Annual Meeting; $2 i 

the- Mary Qulnter Memorial fund; one box of clothing sent to 

the Baltimore Mission. Money paid out for material for Society, 

$5,47; balance In the treasury, $0.25. The following officers were 

elected for 1918: Sister Mollle Selby, President; Sister Annie 

Stoner, Secretary.— Sister Mnry C. Qrayblll, i 

>. — The following Is a report of the 
Mission Sewing Circle for the year ending 1017: Number 
of meetings held, twelve; average attendance, eighteen; business 
meetings, five. Christmas donations for 1910 were: One box of 
clothing and groceries, and $1.70 In 
slon, Chicngo. Christmas donation: 
ing, consisting of sixty garments, 

fort, also $5 in cash, to Marlon, Ind., Mission; $5 I 
llan Urisso. Donations during the year 1917: $60 foi 
of our native India worker; pah 

Qulnter Memorial; bought one pair of shoes for a child, 
carried over from 1010, $02; received for sewing done, $13; by 
cash donations, $2.37; from regular collect ions, $8 12; from regulai 

stings Street Mls- 

i of I 

of $50 

1 seventy comforts and quilted fourteen 

r, $00.12. Balance 
aking a total of 
$6.07; to our County 
•etary, 20 cents; flowers for the sick, 
, $3; for laundry, $5.85; for a Society 
the sexton, $1.25; for quilting done, 
the Mamie Qulnter Fund, $10; 

, $34.8 

C. F, Krnning— Mr; 


■ sold, Including 

: President, Mrs. V. F. Schwaln 
; Superintendent, the writer; 

■Secretary, Mrs. Dr. 
Manchester, Ind., 

Red Cross material, 

■ needy ■ 

We : 

i Sister Lou Eshehnan, President; Sister Pheebe Weber, V 
President; the writer, Secretary and Treasurer. — Emma Dt 
jlSB, 712 S. Main Street, Ottnwa, Kans., Jan. 12. 
OUTLOOK, WASH.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society for 

year ending Dec. 13, 1017: Wo 

We donated i 

attendance being eight nnd total 

and t 

i baby dn 

> comforts and two aprons. Cash 

nt, Sister Belle Partch ; Seeretary mid Treasurer, Sister S. 

leslnberry.— Olga Conover, Outlook, Wash., Jan. 14. 

PERU, IND.— The Sisters' Aid Society_of the Peru church \ 

of eight i 
ttilts, 277 bonnets and forty-one 
reasurv at the beginning of the 
making a total of $210,73. 
World-wide Missions; $5 
the Marv Qulnter Memorial I'iiimI ; $26.00 lor papering church 

$75.30 for sewing material; 

the Christian Home. Bal- 
beginnlng' of 1918, $103^04; 
yards of sewing material. 

made twenty-E 

aprons. We hod $47.83 In the I 

_„. ; $14 

total, $146,011, besides giving n quilt I 

Livingston, Johnstown, Pa„ Jan. 18. 
LANARK ILL— Our Sisters' Aid Society held forty-five meet- 
ings '.hiring the [.list vcar. with an nverage attendance of nine. 
Our work consisted of quilting quills, making f- *- 
sunbonnets, etc. Our donations were: $10 for hoi 
$2250 to the Marv Qulnter Hospital Fund; on 
comfort to the Orphanai 

i Superintendent, Sis- 

; half-day meetings. ' 

9.72. Received during the ; 

: the beginning of the 
t for material, 

nission work, 

ir— Marth: 
, Jan. 12. 
eleven meetings, 

e clothing to a 
and two comforts to two families ot 
arrels of clothing to Brother nnd SIs- 

_.i Chicago. Total receipts _for the year 

- paid out. Including donations. $57. Ill: balance 
onliand. $11.82. The officers for the coming year arc as follows: 
President. Sister Emmn Newcomer; Vice-President, Sister Ella 
Moore; Superintendent, Sister LI/7le Lrenne.nan ; Secretary and 
Treasurer Sister Llllie Puterbaiigh ; Assistant Seeretary,_ the 
writer; ni'omhcrship committee, Sisters 1 
Stclckler.— Mrs. Ruth Stattler, 123 E. Li 

The following donations were g 
phighiuit, live yards Oannelelle. 
half ynrds lawn, one yard " le 
one-half yards calico, two bolts - sucnen, 
$1000 lii cash. The sales we made amounted 
lections for the year were $23.58. Balance fro 
ing the year we donated to Mary Qulnter Me 
C. A.. $5; Baltimore Mission, $5; Washingto 

eight aprons and 
to $12.05. The col- 
I 1916, $14.36. Dur- 

■ Wlncerd and Katie 
Street, Lanark, 111., 

; 1917 twelve regular meetings and n ,^ 

11-.. !,«„„ on onmllmene nf fnrtv- *"' 

made eight comforts, worked 
■ of prayer-coverings 

pieces to Baltimore and twem 

i hnnd. The following ( 
_lat«r Ida M. Englor, Pres 

Viee-I'rt*id*nt; the writer. 

i 1917: Number of regular meetings. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 

i quilts, knotted 

of visitors, fifty-eight. We quilted 

lomforters and pieced some comfort 

sowing, sent a box of garments to the Orphan! ' 

; served six sales. Paid ■ 

$38.85. Total amount of money paid In the treasury, 
total amount paid out, $50.12; balance on hand. $27.38. 
e from last year was $13. which makes a total of $70.48 In 
■y— Lena Olwln. President; Mnble Byerly, Secretary and 
Wr, Crawford svllle, Ind.. Jan. 17. 
ASANT VIEW, OHIO.— During 1017 we held twelve all-day 

We received, as membership fees, 539.77; 
collection, $10.72; donations, $110.32; birthday offerings, $3.14; 
lohil $2:il.Kti. Kxpendltures were as follows: For material, $52.97; 
to Lima Rescue Home. $10; for support of n native worker in 
India. $50.12; to Mary Qulnter Hospital, $U>U; niis.elluneous, $9.35; 
total." $222.44. Balance In treasury at the end of the year, $9.42. 
The Society's work during the past year haa been mainly that 
of making ladles' dresses, hoys' waists, children's dresses and 
other garments. We also made twelve sun-bonnets and several 
comforters and quilts. One box of clothing was sent to Chicago, 
which contained sUtv-jiine pieces of garments, valued at $45.81; 
7 comforters, valued at $25.20; total value, $71.01. We have quite 
a lot Of material and unfinished garments left over, which we will 
work up at the next meeting. Dec. u the Society reorganized by 
electing Sister Alice N. Carroll, President, and Sister Carrie Ad- 
ams, Secretary nnd Treasurer.— Elsie Younkmnn, R. D. 8, Lima, 

, Jan. ia 

Aid Society 

'ternoon meetings have been held, with an 

made and sold; also one bonnet, six comforts and two counter- 
panes. One afternoon was spent working at the cemetery. One 
package of rellglouB papera was sent to New York for distribu- 
tion In hospitals. Birthday offering for year, which was sent 
to Qulnter Memorial Hospital, was $5.01; free-will offering, J.M.OO. 
Articles sold were: Prayer-veils, $5.25; bonnet, fifty cents; com- 
rttftB, $-7.50; counterpanes, $3; fancy work, 10 cents; total, $30.35. 
Money paid out: Furnishings for church, $14.15; postage, 23 cents; 
thread, $1.55; Secretary's book, 70 cents; prayer-veil goods, $4.55; 
cotton and quilt linings, $7.42; given for charity, $2.75; total, 
$31.35. Free-will offering and articles sold, $01.31; paid out, {31.35; 
amount in treasury, $29.96. Donated to the sick in food and 
clothing, about $5. We have on hand: one finished comfort, one 
finished comfort top and two counterpanes partly finished. At 
last meeting we reorganized for 1918 as follows: Sister Leila E. 
Zlgler, President; Sister Mary Jones, Vice-President; the writer. 
Secretary and Treasurer.— Virgle L. McAvoy, Fnyetteville, W. Va., 

SOUTH BEND, 1"ND. (Second Church). — Report of the Ladles* 

Aid Society: Members enrolled, twelve; number of meetings held, 
seventeen; total number of members present, 103; average at- 

We made and sold twenty-two rugs, three comforts; knotted one 
comfort; made ten aprons, six prayer-coverings; quilted two 
quilts; did two days' sewing. Money received during the year, 
together with balance from 1910, $80.04; money paid out, $69.50. 
We donated $5 to the Qulnter Memorial Fund; $5 to a sick broth- 
er; $10 to church for coal; $20 toward painting church; $5 toward 
lights; $3.10 for flowers for slek. We have a balance of $14.40. 
Wlille we are few In numbers, we feel as though we had done 
some little good the past year and hope, with God's help, to 

Officers elected for 

ndnnce of 262 i 

i visitors, 

nnd nn average attendance of five. Our enrollment for the year 
was sixteen. We quilted fifteen quilts, put one quilt together, 
made 180 bonnets, six apronB, fifteen waists, five dresses, eight- 
een prayer-coverings, three dust-caps and did some miscel- 
laneous sewing. Several sisters did sewing at home for the so- 
ciety. We served dinner and supper for the men who worked 


: ei-l.t I 

. Si/'O; 

. $1.0 

$4.05; fourteen prayer-coverings, $3.50; twenty-two bottles of va- 
nilla, $5.50; sixteen calendars, $3.S3; birthday fund, $11.91; two 
tubes Of Angema, 50 cents; donate.!, $4.75; miscellaneous, $4.02. 
The balance from last year was $20, making a total of $159.40. 
Amount paid out: Material and supplies, ?4i».03; coal and hauling, 
$9.83; telephone for Bro. Little, §18; District Secretary, 25 cents; 
express and postage, SO cents; janitor work, $20; paint, 85 cents; 
two dozen bottles of vanilla, $3; 1018 calendars, $4.50; China Mis- 
sion, $5; India Mission, $5; Bro. Helm, $0; Armenian relief, $5; 
Mary Qulnter Hospital, $12.50; total, $110.45. leaving a balance 
of $18.05 in the treasury. Aug. 19 Sister Little, our pastor's wife, 
was called from our number. This la tlie lirst death In the so- 
ciety since Its organization, Sept. IS, 1914. Our officers for 1918 
are: President, Sister G. L. Peterson; Vice-President, Sister 
Bertha M. Livingston; Treasurer, Sister Webster Mosholder; Sec- 
retary, the writer. — Dessie G. Myers, R. D. 5, Johnstown, Pa., 

WEST DAYTON", OHIO. — Report of the Sisters' Aid Society for 
the year 1917: Balance In treasury Jan. 1, 1917, $31.94; money re- 
ceived during the year, $107.93; total, $139.87. Expenditures: Ma- 

■ Sunday-school boys, $5.75; bnptisi 
, $3.23; 
;sides tl 
1-hand clothing, — Bixty-elght pieces; also two comfort 
We made fifty-six sun-bonnets, forty-eight aprons, twenty-flv< 
prayer-veils, sixteen clothes-pin bags, two knitting-bags, 


i should be accompanied by 50 < 

Please note that Uto fifty c*nta required for the publication 
of a mnrrlagt notice may ba applied to " "~ 
Messenger " "subscription for the n*wly-t 

i may ba applied to a four months' " Goapal 

ley congregation, Floyd Co., Va., aged 70 years, 10 months and 23 
days. She united with the Church of the Brethren, Nov. 8, 1891, 
and lived a faithful member. Her sudden death was a great 
shock to the home and surrounding neighborhood. She leaves n 
husband, four sons, one daughter, sixteen grandchildren, five 
great-grandchildren, one brother and four sisters. After a short 
Bervlce at the home she was laid to rest, to await the resurrec- 
tion morn.— Michael Reed. R. D. 3, Floyd, Va. 
Finley, Sister Lnra, nee Hylton, born iu Floyd County, 

conpl*. RMaait Aug. 2, 1878, died Dec. 15, 1018, aged 39 years, 4 months and 13 

la sent, and full adortSB days. She married Luke D. H. Finley, March 0, 1S96. To them 
daughter. The family was attacked 

—By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 

1917, Mr. Guy Bowman nnd Sister Alice McPheron.— Edgar Roth- 
church, 1523 Hastings 
Street, Jan. 12, 1918, Mr. John F. Burton, of Ankeny, Iowa, and 
Emily V. Dyer, of Chicago, III.— R. H. Nicodemus, Chicago, 111. 

Cuxroll-Ransbottom. — By the undersigned, at his home, Dec. 22, 
1917, Bro. Jacob A. Carroll and Miss Rhoda Ransbottom, both 
of Allen County, Ohio.— 3. I. Driver, R. D. 8, Lima, Ohio. 
Dook-Arnold. — By the undersigned, 

hurch. — D. Warren Shock, Grundy 

Durston-McKlnnle.— By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Brother and Sister N. R. McKinnle, of Morrill, 
Kans., Jan. 2, 1018, Mr. Rnlph J. Durston, of Sabetha, Kans., and 
Sister Mary Harriet McKinnle, of Morrill, Kans.— C. B. Smith, 

Fomey-Flko.— At the home of Brother and Sister O. P. Hylton, 
R. D. B. Fresno, Cal., by Eld. C. Edward Wolf, Jan. 14, 1918, 
Bro. Harlan M, Forney, of Madera, Cat., and Sister Elizabeth 
Fike, of Waterloo, Iowa. At home In Madera, Cal. — Nellie W. 
Hylton, R. D. B, Box 32, Fresno, Cal. 

Gents-Meyers.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister Geo. S. Meyers, Waddams Grove, 111., 
Jan. 10, 1018, Bro. Albert H. Gentz and Sister Elta Mae MeyerB, 
both of Waddams 'Grove, HI.— Ira E. Weaver, Kent, III. 

Green-Glndlespergcr, — By the undersigned, at his home, Jan. 
15, 1918, Bro. John Green and Sister Luella Glndlesperger, both 
of Johnstown, Pa. — J. C, Flora, Johnstown, Pa. 

Jones-Inboden. — By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 20, 
1917, Mr. Jesse Jones nnd Miss Lillian Inboden, both of Logan, 
Ohio.— E. B. Bagwell, Bremen, Ohio. 

joseph-RecBc.— By the undersigned, at hie home, Jan. 10, 1918, 
Mr, Harry Joseph and Miss Irene May Reese, both of near Lima, 
Ohio.— S. I. Driver, R. D. 8, Lima, Ohio. 

McKlnnte-Davle. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
groom's parents, Brother and Sister N. R. McKinnie, of Morrill, 
Kans., Jan. 2, 1918, Bro. Ralph T. McKinnle and Miss Mable 
Davis, both of Morrill, Kans.— C. B. Smith, Morrill, Kane, 
undersigned, on Thanksgiving 

by typhoid fever in the : 
Sept. 10, 1917, aged 18 year 
14 months. Sister Finley united with the church 

Sister of the 

Roy Shaffer t 
>uth Beatrice congregation. — Edgar Rothrock, Holmea- 

home of the 

bride's parents. Brother and Sister Wm. Llngofelter, in Reedley, 
Cal., Jan. 12, 1018, Mr. Albert Shaw and Sister Grace Llngofelter, 
both of Reedley, Cal.— J. J. Brower, Reedley, Caj. 

Snyder-EUcr. — By the undersigned, at the home of the groom, 
Dec. 22, 1917, Eld. B. F. Snyder, of Bellefontaine, Ohio, and Sis- 
ter Sarah Eller, of Qulnter, Kans.— Edward Kintner, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

Weaver-Glover. — By the undersigned, at his home, Jan. 9, 1918, 
Bro. James A. Weaver, of Salina, Okla., and Mrs. Nellie B. Glover, 
of Pueblo, Colo.— Justice T. C. Crouch, Salina, Okla. 


the dead which die In the Lord** 

Jan. 13, 

quilts. Officers elected for 1918 

Sisters' Aid Society for the year 1017: Our work consists i 
ly of quilting, making clothing, prayer-coverings, dust-C 
clothes-pin aprons and crocheting. We paid $12.58 to purchni 

• purchased a gift, 
1 worker in our society, who moved 
spent $5.52 to buy clothing for a 
■ the aged people at the Old Folks' 
; $15.19 for the general expenses of 
r from 1916, $22.80; received during 
of $75.98. We paid out during 

aughter of Chas. and Margaret E. 

lied Jan. 11, 1918, aged almost five 
years. Though young in years, she was a bright and happy child 
and was dearly loved by all. She loved to sing from early morn- 
ing till late at night. One day, while her mother was singing, 
" In That Happy Home Above," she said she would like to be 
In that home. A remark like this was peculiar for one so young. 
Thermn was not sick long but died of enlarged tonsils, ndenolds 
and spasmodic croup. The doctor said the only hope was for us 
to take her to a specialist at Charlottesville, which we did, but 
she died in her father's arms just before we reached that place. 
Services In the home by Bro. Bowman, of the Progressive Breth- 
ren. Text, "It is well." Interment in the Covington cemetery. 
Little Therma is now singing with the- angels, and we comfort 
ourselves with the thought that Jesus helps na to say; "Thy will 
be done."— Mr. and Mrs. Chas. E. Arnold, 224 Chestnut Street, 
Covington, Va. 

Bollinger, Elizabeth, nee Kurtz, born in Lancaster County, Pa., 
died in LaGrange County, Ind., Jan. 14, 1918, aged 77 yearB, 10 
months and 7 days. She was married to Benjamin B. Bollinger 
Oct. 17, 1865. To them were born three sons and two daughters. 
Her husband and daughters preceded her. Sister Bollinger was 
a consistent member of the Church of the Brethren for sixty-one 
years. She, with her husband, served the Shipshewana church in 
the ministry for a number of years. She leaves three BOns, one 
stepson, twenty-one grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. 
Services by the "writer. Interment In the Lupoid cemetery, — J. H. 
Schrock, Shipshewana, Ind. 

Brown, Harriet, daughter of John and Hannah Hinkle, born in 
Adams County, Pa., Nov. 17, 1828, died Dec. 26, 1017, aged 89 
years. 1 month nnd 9 days. Dec. 3, 1847, she was married to John 
J. Brown, of Adams County, Pa., who died Nov. 23, 1888. She 
nnd her husband moved to Illinois in 1856, locating at Franklin 

Bro. C. M. Suter, assisted by Bro. O. D. Buck and Rev. F. A. 
Graham. — Jennie M. Beachley, Franklin Grove, 111. 

,vn, John D., son of Mr. and Mrs. Luther Brown, died at 

$53.18, making t 

Gratis, Jan. 13, 1918, aged 22 

balance of $14.89 ' 

., Secretary; Sister Clara Rilea, 

Worthlngton, Minn., Jan. 13. 

we held thirteen meetings, with 

in. Amount received during the 

year, $32.22. Amount spent for goods, to make clothing for poor 

the Mission at Thomasvllle, Gu.: clothing was given to a family 
whose home was burned ; one hundred and six pieces of clothing 
were sent to the Douglas Mission, Chicago. The following of- 
ficers were elected for the ensuing year: President, Sarah New- 
; Vice-President, Anna Burkhart; Secretary and Treas 

In the Mound Hill cemetery. — Mrs. A. M. Rinehart, R. '. 
aton, Ohio. 

nd Katie Dellinger, boi 

parents at Florin, La 

> and 20 days. Death w. 

19, 1910. 

of his parents at 

nonth. She 

stay waB of short 

masburg church, Adams Co., Pa. 

husband, who preceded her about 

Bro. H. Brindle, of Gettysburg, 

ueh thought of In the Home, though her 
■ri' taken to Mum- 
:o rest beside her 
ago. Services by 

15, 1845, died Oct. 27, 1918, aged 

*s, 11 months and 12 days. He leaves his wife, 

: deacons. He 
> but In the church and com- 
munity.— M. A. Good, Bridgewater, Va. 

Halterman, Bro. Wm., born in Lost River congregation, Hardy 
County, W. Va., Jan. 4, 1844, died Jan. 0, 1918, aged 74 years and 
1 day. He united with the Church of the Brethren many years 

i brain fever. He leaves his parents, 
sisters. One brother and two sisters preceded him. Services at 
the First Church of the Brethren, York, Pa., by Eld. J. A, Long, 
and Rev. Swlgart, of the Evengellcal church. Text, 2 Sam. 12: 
23. Interment in Mt. Rose cemetery.— Alice K. Trimmer, 577 W. 
Market Street, York, Pa. 

Dulaney, Sister Elizabeth, wife of Bro. Ennls Dulaney, born 
Bertha Kensinger.— Mrs. Marvin Keneinger. Zion, N. Dak., Jam 18. Feb. 7, 1847, died Dec. SO, 1917, in the bounds of the Pleasant Val- 

e it with patience. Servlct 
1 by Bro. S. W. See. Text, 

John, Sister Semiramls, daughter of Daniel S. nnd Susanna 
John, born near Trotwood, Ohio, Feb. 13, 1837, died Jan. 8, 1918, 
aged 80 years, 10 months and 25 days. She accepted Christ as her 
Savior about thirty-eight years ago and became a member of the 
Bear Creek Church of the Brethren, In which she was a faithful 
worker. On New Year's Day she called for the elders and was 
anointed. Services by Bro. P. M. .Filbrun, assisted by Eld. J. W. 
Beeghly and Rev. McLaln, of the Progressive Brethren. Inter- 
ment by the side of her parents in the cemetery near by. — Mrs. 
Samuel C. Hudson, Dayton, Ohio. 

Kinsley, Eld. Charles F., born in Nimishlllen Township, Stark 
Co., Ohio, March 14, 1842, died Jan. 14, 1918, aged 75 years and 
10 months. Jan. 29, 1865, he was united in marriage with Rachel 
Wertenberger, who preceded him in death nine years. To them 

i bon 

i chlldr. 

! deceased i 

with I 

i of 

In 1875. He was chosen as deacon in 1870. Ma: 
1881, he was elected to the ministry, and advanced to the second 
degree Oct. 17, 1885. Nov. 10, 1898, he was ordained to the elder- 
ahlp, in which office he served faithfully until death. He is sur- 
vived by one aged brother (now blind), eight children, twenty- 
two grandchildren, and eight great-grandchildren. Services by 
the writer nt the East Nimishlllen (Brick) church, assisted by the 
home ministers, Elders Noah Longanecker and S. S. Shoemaker. 
Text, 2 Tim. 4: 6-8. Interment in adjoining cemetery.— Eld. G. S. 
Strausbaugb, Canton, Ohio. 

Lehman, Samuel F., born in Pennsylvania, Aug. 26, 1849, died at 

s and two daughters. 

> of dei 

ly filled t 

writer. Interment in the cemetery near by. — O. H. Feller, Hittch- 

Mlller, Abraham, son of Bro. Daniel and the late Sister Mary 
Miller, died Jan. 1, 1918, aged 38 years, 5 months and 10 days. 
Mr. Miller met his death In a most tragic manner. He was em- 
ployed at a paper mill in York. About 7 P. M. the watchman 

where there t 

broken In one of the 

the pitch. It Is supposed that he tried 

and broke in. He leaves his aged 

■r, 1351 ■" 

; the Ice 
irother. Short 
. Philadelphia 
conducted in 

the Pleasant Hill meetinghouse by Brethren Daniel Bowser and 
Israel Emerlck. Text, 2 Kings 20: 1. Interment in the cemetery 
near by.— Alice K. Trimmer, 577 W. Market Street, York, Pa. 

Naylor, Bro. Andrew, born Jan. 28, 1830, in Marietta, Pa., died 
Jan. 3, 1918, aged 87 years, 11 months nnd 12 days. With his 
parents he moved to near Waterloo, Iowa, In 1857. In 1884 he 
married Miss Mary Langsdorf, of Somerset County, Pa. This 
winter he and hla wife were visiting with their adopted daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Lyon, in Cedar Falls, Iowa, where death overtook him. 
Services by the writer, nsslsted bv Rev. Goughenour, of Water- 
loo, Iowa. Text, "I will come again" (John 14: 3).— W. H. 
Lichty, Waterloo, Iowa. 
NlckeL Bro. George Augustus, 
any. Feb. 
, 1917, age< 

' active for his age and was on his way. to 
lives near the mountains, late on Saturday 
overtook him before he reached his destina- 
and wandered around In the mountains for 

strength enough to get up, 


ren in 1801 nnd was a faithful member. He leaves 
three daughters; his wife and one son preceded 
at the home of his daughter hy Eld. Greene Shlve 
in the Pike cemetery.— Jacob G. Shively, R. D. 1, Mlfllinburg, Pa. 

Pike, John Edgar, born at Polo, Ogle Co., 111., Dec. 6, 1834, died 
nt Davenport, Nebr., Jan. 11, 1918, aged 33 years, 1 month and 6 
days. He was the only son of Wm. and Sarah Pike. Most of 
his life was spent in Nebraska. He leaves a wife, parents and one 
sister. Services at the home by the writer. Interment in the 
Davenport cemetery. — Edgar Rothrock, Holmesvllle, Nebr. 

Simpson, Bro. George W., of near SIpesvllle, Somerset Co., Pa., 
died Jan. 8, 1918, aged 69 years and 20 days. His young wife 
died thirty-five years ago, and he never remarried. He la sur- 
vived by one brother and three sisters. Services at the SIpesvllle 
church Jan. 11, 1918, by the writer— B. T. Hull, R. D. 6, Som- 
erset, Pa. 

Bpaneler, Sister Ada, daughter of Sister Catharine Spongier, 
horn Sept. 10, 18S3. died at the home of her mother, 756 W. Locust 
Street, Jan. 11, 1918, aged 34 years, 3 months and 23 days. At 
the ago of seventeen yenrs, Ada, with her twin sister, Daisy, 
united with the church. Ada contracted a cold, which took her 
away after a sickness of a few days. She leaves her mother, one 
brother and three slsterB. Her father nnd one slater preceded her. 
Services at the house by Eld. J. A. Long, assisted by Eld. Daniel 
Bowser. Text, Luke 8: 52. Interment In Greenmount cemetery. 
Alice K. Trimmer, 677 W. Market Street, York, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 

Sperllne, Sister Abigail, 
Cove, Md., Sept. 25, 1S54, died ( 
7, 1018, after an Illness 
years, 3 months and 1 

lit"'. Spt^rllne, Feb. 

thirteen years of age. She leaves her ] 
daughters, twenty-eight grandchildren, three sisters and two 
brothers. Services by the writer, assisted by Bro. H. D. Bow- 
man, of the Rock Creek church. Interment In the Sabetha ceme- 
tery.— R. A. Toder, 118 East Main Street, Sabetha, Kana. 

Spindler, Elizabeth, <>lil>-sf child of John Mohler, born at Brad- 
ford, Ohio, Sept. 23, 1S3C, died Dec. 26, 1917, aged 81 years, 3 months 
and 3 days. In 1855 she was married to John Spindler, and in 
1868 moved, with her husband and older Children, to Woodland, 
Mich., where she died. She was a woman of sterling character. 
In early life she was bap- 

good wife and 

Sister Spirulli-r was ti zeiilous OirisNiui. Scrvhvs by her < 
Bro. John M. Smith.— G. W. Spindler, West La Fayette, Ind. 

, Aaron_D., born Sept. 3, 1843, aged 74 years, 3 
i Miss Catharine Crlpe, 
pie enjoyed a prosper- 
1, 111. Early in life he 
. active Christian man. 
He served the chureh as deacon for many years. His life was 
one of disease and he was a great sufferer. The last eight months 
he was confined to his bed. His heart was always touched by 
. and he found much Joy in ministering 
■ears ago he married Sister Mattie Frantz, 
of Pleasant Hill, Ohio. In this town they lived. In the evening, 
Just after sunset, he fell asleep and went home. Services in the 
home. Interment at Girnnl. ill., where rum-nil services were held 
by Eld. J. W. Lear.— Chas. L. Flory, Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 

Swank, Sister Maliala, nee Leedy, born near Ankenytown, Ohio, 
Oct. 11, 1837, died at her home, within the village, Jan. 12, 1918, 
aged 80 years, 3 months and 1 day. She married Christian Swank, 

grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren. 

, daughter of Drury and Lucy Warren, 

who preceded her June 30, 1904. To thei 
dren, four of whom have gone on before. 

J-Bister. Services by 
ment in Beech 
e Beaver, R. D. 1, Fortville, Ind. 
, born in Washington County, Va., May 20, 
bounds of the Limestone congregation, 
Jan. B, 1918, aged 74 years, 7 months and 
daughters. His wife pre- 

Grove cemetery. — Ven 

Thomas, Bro. John < 

1843, died within tht 

He x 



Laughrun and the writer. Interment in the Knob Creek ■ 
tery. — A. E. Nead, Limestone, Tenn. 

tilery, Samuel H„ born In Saint Joseph County, Ind., Dec. ! 
1854, died at the home of Mb daughter, Bessie Lee, near McCum 
Kans., Dec. 10, 1917, after a lingering illness. At the age of nin 
he came with his parents to Macon County, 111., coming on t 
Kansas in 1876. April 22, 1877, he was married to Mary Edg< 

To them \ 

/ere born nine c 

aildren. He leaves f 

daughters, se 

?en grandchildre 

, four brothers and 

He had been 

a widower for ov 

er eight years, his wi 

Osage church by the writer. Text, Psa. 39: 4, 7. Interment in 

the Osage cemetery beside his wife. — D. P. Neher, McCune, Kans. 

Weaver, Abraham B., son of Bro. John and Sister Anna Weaver, 

born at Polo, Ogle Co., 111., April 21, 1867, died at his home at 

"" or., Jan. 12, 1918, aged GO years, 8 months and 22 

a member of the Baptist church. He leaves a wife, 

one adopted son. Services at the South Beatrice 

i Brethren by the pastor. Interment in the ceme- 

-Edgar Rothroek, Holmesvlile, Nebr. 

Witt, Henry H., died 
Warstler, 800 South Van 

Ian. 10, 1018, aged 49 
il.. Jan. 12, by the 
Buren Street, Auburn 

rears. Funeral in 
vrlter.— C. Walter 

Young, Sister Harriet, died at the 
with whom she had been living for 
aged 77 years and some months. She 
and Sallle Elkenberry, and the widow 

two brothers and one sister. Services 
noon at the United Brethren church 

home of 

of Henry 
She lea 

were held 

Mrs. Susan R-ust, 
ths, Jan. 11, 1918, 
daughter of Isaac 

Young, who died 
es three children, 

on Monday after- 
aron Brubaker, of 

Gratis.— Mrs. A. M. Rinehart, 


General Mission '. 

Va.; Otho Winger, Vice- Chairman, 
B. Royer, Secretary-Treasurer, " 7 " 
son, Kana.; A. P. Blough, 1315 
D. Bonsack, New Wi 
Miller, Mt. Morris, III. 

-H. C. Early, Chairman, Penn Laird, 

Secretary-Treasurer, Elgin, 111.; J. J. . 

; A. P. Blough, 1315 Grant Ave,, Waterll 

Bonsack, New Windsor, Md.; Life Advisory 

K. Ober, Chairman, Ellza- 

bethtown, Pa.; Lafayette Steele, Vice-t 

, Secretary, Elgin, 111.; J — - 

Ezra Flory, 3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago; 

Jas. M. Mohler, 

Kans.; D. M. Garver, 

C. A. Wright, Secretary, 

Elgin, III.; J. S. Flory, Bridge- 

3ommittee.— P. J. Blough, Chairman, Hooversvllle, 
t, Secretary, McPherson, Kans.; J. Carson Miller, 
res Store, Va. 

, Swigart, Chairman, Huntingdon, Pa.; 


. E. 

. S. Thomas, Secretary, Harrisonburg, 

M. Studebaker, Chairman, 

, Secretary, Mt. Morris, 111.; 

Eva Trostl'e, 3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago; Mary Polk Ellen- 

Lydla E. Taylor, Secretary, 

Pan -■■■■■■ 

berger, Mound City, Mo. 

Tract Examining Com 

don, Pa.; Edgar Rothroek, Secretary, Holmesvlile, Nebr. 
Hoff, MaywOC 1 T " " - TnB M Moore. 
La Verne, Cal. 

Williams, Secretary, "Elgin 

Myers, Chairman, Huntlng- 
Holmesville, Nebr.; E. B. 
Lanark, 111.; J. P. Dickey, 

Miller, Chairman, Elgin, 

J. W. 

President, 6611 Germai 
Funk, Vice-President, ] 

E. M. Butterbaugh, Warsaw, Ind. 


-Mrs. M. C. Swigart, 

! Mr, 

I MJnnlch, Secretary- 



The Beatitudes 

S. N. McCann— ,75c 
How wonderful it would have been if you 
and I could have heard the Sermon on the 
Mountl But that great message was spoken 
too many centuries before our day. About 
the next best thing is to read what one who 
has made the Beatitudes a life study has to 
say of their deeper meaning. Twelve care- 
fully selected illustrations help to enrich the 
author's unique study of the opening verses 
of the Sermon on the Mount. 

Christianity at the Fountain 

Daniel Hays— $1.00 
Not long before his death Elder Daniel Hays 
wrote and had printed a book entitled: Chris- 
tianity at the Fountain. This book stands as 
the last important literary effort of his life. 
All those who have known and loved Bro. 
Hays will be especially interested in owning 
a copy of his last work. 

Christian Attire 

Lydia E. Taylor— .10c 

al Conference by Sister 
Per dozen $1.00; per nun- 

delivered at An 
Lydia E. Taylor, 
dred $6.00. 

Head Dress for Christian Women 

J. H. Moore — .05c 
A reprint of an editorial from the "Mes- 
senger." Per dozen 50c; per hundred $3.00. 

Open Way into the Book of Revelation 

M. M. Eshelman— $1.00 
Back of. the writing of this book lie seven 
years of study and teaching. It is the fruit 
of the author's mature thought on the sub- 
ject. The results presented in the Open Way 
into the Book of Revelation have been en- 
thusiastically received by readers interested 
in the problems of the last book of the New 
Testament. If your thought has been stirred 
up along this line you will like to read the 
Open Way into the Book of Revelation. 

Literary Activity of the Brethren in 
the Eighteenth Century 

John S. Flory— $1.25 
All too little is known of the literary activity 
of the eighteenth century church leaders. In 
this volume an overlooked share of our 
church history is treated with the care and 
skill of a scholar. The Literary Activity of 
the Brethren in the Eighteenth Century is it- 
self a notable contribution to the church lit- 
erature of the present century. 

Life of R. H. Miller 

Otho Winger— $1.00 
One of the notable figures in our church life 
during the latter part of the nineteenth cen- 
tury was Elder R. H. Miller. He was not 
only a powerful preacher but a great debater 
and leader as well. He was the author of 
the Doctrine of the Brethren Defended. The 
story of his eventful life is well told by Elder 
Otho Winger in The Life of R. H. Miller. 

New Testament Doctrines 

J. H, Moore— .75c 
Elder J. H. Moore, who was for many years 
office editor of the Messenger, has done the 
church a splendid service in the writing of 
New Testament Doctrines. The brevity and 
clearness of this book make it a real classic 
on the principles the church holds dear. The 
book enjoyed a very wide sale in connection 
with the Messenger. The numerous appreci- 
ations received indicate that it fills a long- 
felt need. A copy should be in every Breth- 

Nineteen Centuries of the Christian 

Daniel Webster Kurtz— .50c 
The main facts of the wide and intricate field 
of church history are here presented with a 
brevity and clearness that commend Nine- 
teen Centuries to the average reader. At the 
same time the book is so carefully written 
that the General Sunday School Board has 
adopted it for the historical part of the Sec- 
ond Standard Teachers' Course. 

Happy Hours in the Big Outdoors 

N. J. Miller— $1.25 
Here is a new book on the plains and fields 
by a naturalist who knew how to write about 
what he saw. If you cannot get away for a 
tramp through the fields you can just sit in 
your big arm chair and read about what Pro- 
fessor N. J. Miller saw in the big outdoors. 
You will know more and feel better for hav- 
ing read this splendid book. 

The Kesler-Ellmore Debate 

Elder B. E. Kesler and Rev. Wm. Eilmore— 41.50 
This book is the full stenographic report of 
the debate between Elder B. E. Kesler and 
Rev. William Eilmore that occurred at Jason- 
ville, Indiana, in the autumn of 1915. The 
debate covers the main points of difference 
between the Church of the Brethren and the 
Church of Christ. The book is a large and 
substantially bound volume of over 350 pages. 

On pages 16-21 of our 1918 Catalog will be found a 
a Catalog send for it 


full list of our own publications. If you need 
today. It is free. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1918 


Official Organ of the Chu. 

A religious weekly published by t>te ■ ■■> • ... 

[6 to 24 South St:ii.« Stmt. Kklu, HI. Siil.s»Tliitlon price. Jl.M 
jit annum, Id advance. (Canada subscription, lifty cents extra.) 

Publishing House, 

D. J* fflLLrn, Editor 

EDWARD FltANTZ. Office Editor 
LTE, Assistant Editor 
Special Contributors! KB. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon Pa.; J. 

n \lnnr» SctiriilL' Fin: H. C. lailc. IViiii Laird. Va.; A. (.. 

WitS rWSSw 'ill.; D- W. Kurtz, McPberson, Kans.; H. A. 
Brandt, Elgin. III. 

Business Manager, B. E. Arnold 

ffinror.fl lit the Postoflkc at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Pnge 77) 
two letters of membership were granted; six were called 

; he preached twelve funeral sermons, solemnized 
helped to nnolnt thirty 

by » 


at this time is 203.— Leah N. Phlllipy, 227 
caster, Pn. ( Jan. 22. 

Marsh Creek church met In council Jan. 12, 1018, In the Gettys- 
burg house, with our elder, Bro. Albert Holllnger, presiding. 
Very little business came before the meeting. We decided to 
hold our spring love feast May 25, beginning at 1:30 P. M.— 
Ida M, Llghtuer, 200 E. Middle Street, Gettysburg, Pa., Jan. 23. 

Notice to the Elders, Pastors, Clerks and Committees of Western 
l'oniii*)-lviiiilu— Tin- District Meeting will be held In the Roxbury 
church, April 3; iildorV Meeting, April 2. All queries, reports of 
committees, Treasurer's reports and any other business for the 
District Meeting must be in the hands of the Clerk, H. S. Bep- 
logle, not later than Feb. 25. All bills and expenses, to be paid 
by the District, should be In his hands sometime before District 
Meeting.— H. S. Replogle, 1207 Hoffman Avenue, Windber, Pa., Jan. 

, , .uncial secretary, missionary treasurer, " triclrcle," 

and election of four trustees. Trustees elected are Brethren John 
Bookout, R. M. J. Reed, Clinton Brownbnek and Horace Hltchen. 
Our elder, Bro. M. C. Swigart, net being well, was not with UB. 
Our Sunday-school now numbers 220. The church recommended 
to the Sunday-school Board the use of the Brethren's Sunday- 
school supplies, which recommendation we expect to be adopted. 
Bro. Geo. W. Flory comes to us in a series of meetings Jan. 20. 
We are anticipating :i glorious meeting from present prospects. 
— W. F. Spidle, 2541 W. Lehigh Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 24. 

Pittsburgh.— Since our last report we have do 
work In our church. The three brethren elected I 
installed. We introduced the Graded 1 
partment. At our special council we 

formulate plans for a new church and also to raise money ror 
the Bame. Feb. 3 wo will have baptism at 3 P. M. We sent 
$28.70 to the General Mission Board for the Armenians. Our pas- 
tor, Bro. S. W. Bail, is working hard for us and we pray that his 
efforts will be crowned with success. — Richard A. Dosedorf, Unit- 
ed States Courthouse and Postofflce Building, Pittsburgh, Pa„ 
Jan. 20. 

Pleasant View church met In council Jan. 10, with our elder, 
Bro. D. K. Clapper, presiding. The writer was elected "Mes- 

oiuted a committee 

Mary Frazee and 

Temperance Com 

P. The 

Thomas; Child Rescue, Ida Tho 
and Nannie Dennis; Ministerial, D. K. Clapper, J 

oundlng places 

Manvel, Tex., Jan. 


Burks Fork clinrch met in council Jan. 10 with Bro. Austin 
Hylton presiding. We decided to have a series of meetings be- 
ginning Saturday evening, March 0, with Bro. Jacob Keith con- 
ducting them. Jan. 20 Bro. S. E. Hylton preached to a small 
audience.— Clem m ie E. Hylton, It. D. 2. Box 30, Floyd, Va., Jan. 21. 

laurel Branch church met In council Jnn. 10, with Eld. A. Har- 
mon presiding. The church decided to hire a janitor 

. plans for 


nlarging < 

: cliurchhouse. Jan. 20 \ 

" Faith." 

We also held our Christian Workers' Meeting in the evening, 
ttid reorganized our teacher-training class.— Fannie M. Jones, R. 
D, 3, Floyd, Vs., Jan. 24. 
McCray ChapcL — We are glad to say that our Sunday-school Is 
lalntalns the usual interest, A very Interesting 

o Sunday-school 
t. We appreciate the services of our Eld. D. B. Garbe) 
i five regular preaching points and these in different c( 
quite a distance from i 

ngnged In holding a series of meetings. 
svivals, baptized fifty-four, fifty of 

i give cre